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Full text of "The domesday of St. Paul's of the year M.CC.XXII.; or, Registrum de visitatione maneriorum per Robertum Decanum, and other original documents relating to the manors and churches belonging to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, London, in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries"

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A];ri!DLACu.\ OK LONIjON. 




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3 - c ' / 

[no. LXIX.] 


FOR THE YEAR ]s57-8. 



JOHX BRUCE, ESQ. V.F.S.A. Director. 






THOMAS W. KING, ESQ. F.S.A., York Herald. 





WILLIAM J. THOMS, ESQ. F.S.A. Secreturr/. 



TIr' C'ofNCiL <>r llic C.w.Try Socirrv desire it 1c> lie undci-- 
stnod tliat tliev arc not riii?werab]e fur anv opininii? cir observa- 
tions tljnt mnv apjienr in llic Society's publications; tlie Editors 
C'j'thc several \vorks beini' alone responsible for the same. 


rr.i:} ACE ........ 

iNTliODUCTION ....... 

NuTFs AND Il,Ll".-TKATIOVS ..... 

I. Inquisitio Mancyiorura Capituli Ecclesia; S. Pan 

Londin ad lilJi? ...... ] — 107 

A traiij-c.'ijit <•:' Iic>ok K. preserved in the archives of tlit 
Cathedral, legiblj iriicril-ei on t))e outside cover 

II. A fragment of ;l;e Doire^dax of Ralph dc Diccto. a.d. 

1181 109— 117 

From il." RtiviiDVin MSS. in the Bodleian Librarv. B. 352. 
III. A Rental of Lan^'? in the Manor? of Beauchamp, a d. 

1240 118—121 

From Lxk L. fol. 14 3. Hi. 

I V. Leases of .Manors helong-lng to the Chapter of St. Paul's 

during the Twelfth Century 122 — 139 

FroRi B.;>ok L. fol. o2-SS, 41-46. 

V Inquis-ilio Maueriorum Capituh Ecclesia; S. Pauli Lond. 

A.D. 1181 . . . . . . . }40- 

Froni B.^-c-k L. f...!. 77, 7S, SI, b2. 

\'l. .A.rticuli Visitationis MaLeriorurn Capituli S. Pauli, . lo3^- 
1. Circc. lii-O, irozn Book I. fol. 75-. 
■ 2. Circi 1S20. from SiaMita MajoKi, fol. 90-92. 

^ II. Coinpotu? Maneriorun". et Firraarum Ecclesia?. S. Pauli. 

(irca A.D. 1300 153 — 164 

From S;atuta Ma;c.-a. fol. 4i.'-42. 

\'1II Reddilus Firmarurr. et Conrpotus Bracini S. Pauli 

Loudon. A.D. 1283 acd 1286 .... 164* — 175 

From B^ok I. i.-l. 1-4. 



r R E F A C E. 

So many years have passed, siiice the first sheets of this 
volume were committed to the press, that the Editor is 
bound to ackuoTiiedge "with thankfulness the patience with 
which the Members of the Camden Society have awaited 
its completion. His apology for the delay ^^ill be found, 
not only in pubhc and private duties which allowed him 
little leisure, but also in the fact, which he has mentioned 
in the " Introduction," that the work assumed a character 
materially different from that which was contemplated, 
when he engaged to edit for the Society *' The Domesday 
of St. Paul's of the year 1222." The pledge then given 
would have been redeemed by a brief account of that 
Manuscript, a catalogue of names and places, and of its 
general contents. But when other documents were added 
by way of Appendix to the Doinesday, which showed the 
relation of the manors to the cathedral as a landed 
estate, held to farm by its own members, and occupied 
by a tenantry according to the general custom of tlie age, 
it was evident, that the inaterials, "\\hicli were thus col- 
lected, belonged not to Church history in particidar, but 
were illustrative of the aeneral history of the Landed 


proprietary of England, as well as of tlie condition of 
those classes who were occupied in the cultivation of the 
soil. The work was no longer limited to one period, the 
early part of the thirteenth century, but comprised within 
it a documentary history of the Manorial property of the 
Cathedral, of its tenures and leases, and of the receipt and 
expenditure of the income derived from it duriiig a period 
of 150 years, from the middle of the twelfth to the end of 
the thirteenth century. The more carefully the Editor 
applied himself to the study of each document, as he 
compared it with others of an earlier or later }>criod, the 
wider was the field of inquiry which ^^as opened to him, 
and the more interesting was the result, as the conclusion 
was pressed upon him, that the contents of this volume 
form a link in the connexion between Anglo-Saxon and 
Anglo-Xorman society, enabling us to trace back to cen- 
turies prior to the Conquest some of the features, by wliich 
a"Ticultm'al tenm-es in Emi'land continued to be distin- 
guished, as late as the end of the fourteenth century. 

The Editor has no reason to look back with regret 
upon the hours which he has spent in the study and 
illustration of this collection of documents, much less 
to account them as misemployed. The contemplation 
of the peculiar character of society in a remote age, 
and the discovering how it agrees with, or differs from, 
that in which we ourselves are placed, must always be 
instructive to him who believes, that the varied condition 
of mankind, in every age and country, is as truly tlie 

PllEFACE. t:r 

TTork of the Providence of God, as the creation and gene- 
ration of man is a proof of His power. It is the aim of 
antiquarian study, to learn the history not so much of 
individuals as of man. to develop the acts and lialnts of 
nations, to describe the phases of society, and to note the 
different conditions, political, social, moi'al, and religious, 
under v.-hich the human race has prolonged its existence. 
Prom the knowledge of antiquity the historian derives 
the light, which lightens the dark places in the vista of 
the past. It is this knowledge, which has the telescopic 
power of overcoming the distance of time, and of enabling 
us to see vdih distinctness, and to take an enlarged view, 
not only of what men have accomplished in past ages, 
but also of all that God has done in the world, and how 
he has made himself known to man ; and, though some 
persons may account antiquarian study useless, because 
the practice of the past may not, as they think, furnish 
us with the knowledge which is now needed, or because 
the experience of former times is inapplicable to our 
own, there may be still much that is edif^^ing and in- 
structive in these pursuits, and ^^"hich may conduce to 
individual, if not to public good. Antiquity may teach 
the personal lesson of humility to the ablest lawyer, or 
statesman, or divine; for if candidly studied it will show, 
tliat our forefathers were in theii* age, and under their 
circumstances, as wise, and prudent, and learned as we 
are in our own, and that, however inferior they might be 
to ourselves in respect of physical science, yet in acute- 

CAMK. SOC. /' 


ness of perceprion. in strength of intellect, in the poT\-er 
of disputation, and in the application and adjustment of 
fixed principles of jurisprudence, tliere are few persons 
in this age. who are not surpassed by the lawyers and 
divines of ancient times. 

These remarks upon the general advantage of anti- 
quarian study having been premised, the Editor would 
apprise the reader of the particular conclusions, which he 
has drawn from the study of the documents here printed, 
and wliich he Iids endeavoured to a certain extent to 
embody in the Introduction, and which are these : that 
the Manorial system of England is of purely Anglo- 
Saxon origin : that the great mass of the population 
was bound to their lords by civil rather than by military 
service ; that in the local customs of the Manors may be 
discovered the nature of the cultivation of the coimtry, 
the different orders of society, and the relation ui which 
they stood to each other ; that one system of juris- 
prudence prevailed, which owed its origin, not to the 
will of the sovereign, but to the adjustment of rights 
acknowledged to exist between man and man; and that 
if the existence of law, and of right, and of well-defined 
duties is an evidence of civilisation, it may be fairly 
cpiestioned, whether after the cessation of the Ptoman 
power and during the establishment of the Anglo-Saxon 
dominion England was ever inhaldted by a barbarous 
and lawless people. 

The Editor has had it in his power to examine only 


a ^Q\y documents bclonii'ms: to other Cathedrals or to 
^Monastic bodies ; he has, hoAYever. seen ciioucih to con- 
vmce liini, that many Lie^cr-books and Chartularies still 
exist, in whicli there are very complete records of the 
landed property of the Cathedral or ]\Ionastery. and which 
would throw still clearer light upon the character of the 
agricultural population, and the internal condition of 
the country. 

"^Vith respect to the annotations and illustrations of the 
documents in tliis collection, the Editor has to observe, 
that they have taken the form commonly used bi editiag 
classical authors. It is supposed that the reader has 
the work before lum, and that facts are stated, or words 
occur, which can 1)e illustrated by contemporary history, 
or by j)hiloiogical research. In attempting in such cases 
to fulfil the wishes, or to meet the wants, of the reader, 
conjectmT must occasionally take the place of certain in- 
formation. The Editor has however rarely had recourse 
to conjecture without stating Ms grounds ; and, if he 
shotild have fallen into error, he will be glad to be 
instructed by those who are better informed. 

There is yet one duty which the Editor lias to perform 
for the satisfaction of the reader — that of describing 
the form and character of the manuscripts no^v for the 
first time printed. 

It beuiir convenient to take notice of them in an order 
different from that in -^-liich tbey are placed in this volume, 
the Editor will first adcbess the attention of the reader 


to the frag-mcnt of the Domesday of Radulphiis do 
Diceto, -wliich is placed second iu order, and is printed 
at pa pre 109. 

This manuscript is preserved in the Bodleian Library 
(Rawlinson, B. 372 ^ The Editor is indebted for the 
transcript of it to his friend the Bcv. II. 0. Cox, the 
under-librarian. It consists of only two leaves, written 
in double column, upon a larg-er pag-e and in a 
larger hand than the Domesday of 1222. Imt in the 
same character. It is probably a fragment of the Book 
B, belonuiiig to St. Paul's, which ^vill be foimd de- 
scribed below as the Great Piegister of Padulphus de 

Pour books now preserved in the archives of St. Pauls 
have supplied the other documents in this volume. It 
will facilitate the description of them to notice, Pirst, 
" The Statuta Majora,"'" fi'om which has been extracted the 
Compotus Maneriorum et Pirmarum, printed at p. 151. 
This is a folio volume of the time of Dean Baudake, in 
the early part of the foui'teenth century ; its title distin- 
guishes it from the Statuta Minora, as being a larger 
volume, and written in a larger hand, the contents of both 
being nearly the same. The other three books are those 
known as Book K, Book I, and Book L. the letters by 
Avhich they are distinguished being those which they 
bear in Dean Ly.-cux's Catalogue of the Cartte and 
Books of the Cathcdi-al, uova" remaining in the archives, 
which is a book r)i" 14i leaves, the capital letters of which 


arc rulnicaied. and of wliicli the following account is given 
in the lieading of the iirst pa^'e : — 

" Tainila extracta dc Evi dentils in Tbesanraria Sci 
Panli London, per jiagistrum Thomam Lyseux Decanum, 
Anno douiini 1447. Et nota, qnod litera alphabet! signi- 
ficat armariolnm signatum extcrius cum tali litera. et 
nunierus sccpaens signincat cofinumyel pixidem signatum 
cum tali litera et tali numero.'' 

The formi.r part of the volume is a Catalogue of tlie 
Cartae. as denosited originally in the ''Armariola."' book- 
cases, chests, or boxes. Some thousands of these Cartas 
are still 2^1'eserved. The latter part of the volume con- 
tains a list of the Boohs, sixteen in number : tliirteen 
lettered A to .S ; one lettered A B ; the remaining two 
being the Liber Goodman, and one, not then lettered. 
Of these l")ooks four only now remain in the Cathedi-al, 
A (the Liber Pilosus), K, I, and L. Of these latter three 
the following is a joarticular accoiuit: of the remainder 
more is not kno^'^ii, than is contained in the description of 
them from Lyseux's Catalogue, as given in the table below. 

Book K. 

This book is printed entire in this volume, as the 
Lomesday of St. Paul's. It is a thin folio volume, and 
has its contents thus described in Dean Lyseux's Cata- 
logue, " Tabula Picgistri de Yisitatione Maneriorum per 


Robertnm Decanum, anuo domini 
coopei-ti Eubio Corio, Secundo folio, ' Laurentius ^5. 
filius Roberti,' signati cum litera K/' It is in 
the original binding of red leather here men- .^ 
tioned, and it has the words, " Laurentius filius .§ 
E-oberti" on the top of the second folio, as here de- '^ 
scribed. The number of folios is twenty-seven. The •%] 
original MS. is written in double columns. Each ^' '• 
column forms a page in this volume, and every * J^ 
line of the page corresponds with the line of the '^f 
colunm. The manuscript is remarkable, as hav- 
ing the folios numbered ^^ Arabic numerals, 
■^ATitten originally from right to left, as in the 
margin ; the numbers being afterwards struck 
out, and a fresh series written in nearly the same 
character, but in the English order, from left to 






On the outside of the book is the letter K, '> ' 
and an inscription ■nliich has been erased, but in which 
the word Domesday is leirible. 

BooE L. 

This is a most interesting volume. It is thus described 
in Lyseux's Catalogue : — " Contenta in quodam antiquo 
et notabili Eegistro, de tempore Wiiri Conquestoris, 
clauso cimi uno nodulo in medio, 2° folio in Eubrica 
* Privileijium,' sisnatus cum litera L." The book in 


its present state answers in every respect to the descrip- 
tion, excejit that the nodnlus, or button, by which it 
was fastened lias been taken a^vay. The word '' Privi- 
legium" is found rubricated on the second folio. 2\o 
part of it Tsill bear out the statement of its very early 
date, but the first twenty-six folios; the remainder of the 
book is of the latter part of the twelfth and thirteenth 
centuries. The folios between 56 and 77 are two fasciculi 
inserted, 57 to GS being larger, and G9 to 76 being 
smaller, than the original volume, and both of them 
written in the fourteenth century. 

The portions of this volume printed in this collection, 
are — 

1. The Leases of Manors in the Twelfth Century, 
fol. 32, 38, 41, 46. 

2. The Inquisition of Manors and Churches in llSl, 
fol. 77, 78, 81, 82. 

2. The Kental of Lands in the Manor of Belchamp in 
1240, fol. 113, 143. 

Book I. 
This book is a thick volume of 180 folios, and is thus 
described : " Tabula Registri de visitatione ecclesiarum, 
maneriorum, ornamentormn, et omnium existentium in 
thesauraria, et omnium Cantariorum et Altarium, signati 
cum litera I. 2" folio ' quart erio Arch.' " The Editor has 
availed himself of his reading in this book to illustrate 
the Lomesdav of 1222. The only parts of it, which are 


printed in tliis collection, ra-e the " Rcdditus Firmanim 
ct Compotiis Bracini,"' and the " Articuli Yisitationis 
]\Ianeriorum. circa 1290.'' The contents of tlie ^\'liole 
Yokime are various and interestini;'. 

Books belonging to St. Paul's iu 1447. v,-irL the IIicadikgs of tlie Tables 
of CoxTEXTS; as found in Dean Lysll'x's Catalogue, no-\v in the 
Alchives of the Cathedral. 

The Books marked ihus * ;.rc now rerijaiiiiiig- in the por-session of the Chapter. 

A*. Tabula Cont<:ntorum in Libro piloso, 2'^' folio numerato in Rubrica 
" Quod terra:' Episcopi Mam-icii,"" et signatur cum litera A. 

B. Tabula Content orum iu majori Kegistro de Diceto Decani signato 

cum litera B. ij. folio in rubrica post tabulam, " Isti sunt cotarii."' 
Anno domini 1181. 

C. Tabula Conteutorum iu miuori Registro Radulfi de Diceto Cooperto 

albo corio iu asseribus signato cum littera C. ij. foiio libri 
" Alluredus Sellarius/' in litera textuali per totum A"' dni 11 SI. 

D. Tabula Coutcntorum in Registro Clauso cum duobus nodulis sive 

fibulis signato cum littera D. ij. folio " et eos ibidem." 

E. Tabula Conteutorum in libro plicato signato cum litera E. de A'isi- 

tatione Robert i Decani. 2'^ folio "temporilms process!, " anno domini 

F. Tabula Conteutorum in Reg-istrC' Radulfi de Diceto, Ingelthorp, 

Rogeri LeTgham. Henrici er Rol)erti Decanorum. 2" folio signatur 
cum litera F. " Tractatu non modico.'' 

G. Tabula Contentorum in libro de placitis et brevihius, signatur ctun 

liit-ra G. 2 folio '• Domino Piegi." 

* A manifest erior of the bcribe. The drst Dean v>hose name was Roljen, vas Robert 
de Watford, in 1222. 


H Tabula lurgistri vociiti Doiausdey Rojis, 2° fulio " It'm m prima 

parte,'' signati c\)m litora H. 
I*. Taliula R-gisiri de ^-i^itatiolie ccclesiarum, luanerioruiu, orna- 
rncntorum, t: om::.iiL-rj cxisttntium in tbebauraria. et omnium 
CantarioniDi t-t Altarivju signati cum litera I. 2" fcliu " quarterio 
R*. Tabula E-egistri do Tisita*ione Maneriorum per Robfrtum Decanum, 
anno domini coojx-rti Rubio Corio, Secundo folio 
" Laurcntius filius Roberti,'" signati cum litora K. 
L*. Conlonta in quodarr. r-.ntiquo ot ijotal>ili Ivjgistro de tempore 
T\*illi" Conque?ioris. clause cum uno nodule i;i mtdio, 2" folio 
in Rubrica '• Privi'.-ir'gium," signatus cuni litera L. 
Goodman.* Extracta de Rt-gistro Magistri "Wiliielmi Goodman Registrarii 
Decani et Capituli S'c'i Pauli quod incipit ab auno 1411. 
I^I. Gont<;nta in Libro M. Liprimis de absentia canouicorum per 

esLatem usque in vigiiiam Michaelis, fol. IG. 
N. Gonteuta in Libro N. Inprimis de admissione vicariorum per 
literam decani et caj'iTuIi. fol. 39. 
A B. Gontenta in Registro A B. Inprimis de coUatione Cantaria;. Adse dc 
Basing in AJdtimanbury, fol. j"". 
A book ^^-ithout a letter. Inprimis de Absolutiune excommuuicati 
pro levi irjjrctione in prusbiterum. fol. 15. 



It ^^ill appear from the Table of Contents, that the present volume 
contains a collection of document? \vhich, with one cNccption, are still 
preserved in the Archives of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, London, 
and vrhicli exhibit the nature and extent of the Manorial property belonging 
to that body in the li'th and loth centuries. The volume has, therefore, 
assumed a character materially different from that contem.plated by the 
Editor, ^vhen the Council of the Camden Society kindlv accepted his offer 
to superintend the publication of the document, which stands foremost in 
this collection, being " A Domesday of St Paul's,'' or, as it is otherwise 
entitled, "An Inquisition of the Manors of the Chapter of St. Paul's, in 
the year 12-i?," and which bad escaped the notice of the former historians 
of the Cathedral. Dugdale and Newcourt. For this change no apology is 
perhaps necessary ; for, though students of English history, and espe- 
cially those who are conversant with the contents of the Exchequer 
Domesday, would have highly prized such a document as the St. Paul's 
Domesday, though printed alone, the Editor was unwilling to lose the 
opportunity, which was so liberally conceded to him by the Camden Society, 
of adding to the " Domesday of St. Paul's '" those documents of an earlier, 
as well as a later period, which he had found among the records of the 
Cathedral, which might throw still greater light upon the nature of Manorial 
property, by exhibiting the relation which existed between the Chapter as 
Lords of the manors, and the Firmarii, their Lessees ; the profit which, in 
the way of rent and of produce, accrued to the Chapter from their rtianors ; 
the method in which it was paid ; and the distribution of it amongst the 
members of the Cathedral. 

The Manors, the history of which, a? part of the possessions of the 
CaMD. SOC. h 


Chapter of St. Paul's, is illustrated by the contents of this volume, ore 
as follows : — 

Kadenden. Kenesworth. .Sandun, Luffen- -^ . , „ 

, 'i T- 1 1 " )-ii'^ 1-hc countv of Herts, 

liale. bratiey. j 

Beauchamp. Wicham. Adulvesnasa, Tid- 

\volditun, Tillingham. Barling, Runwell,. in the county of Essex. 

Norton, Xastok. Chingefcrd, ' 

Sutton and Drayton, in Middlesex. 
BerneS; in Surrey. 

The order in which they are thus arranged, is that in which they stand 
in the Domesday of St. Pau"."s, of 1222, and in which they were visited, 
in the progress made tr;at year (being the second year after the translation 
of Saii;t Thonaas of Car.tertury, see p. So) by Robert de Watford, ihe 
Dean., and Henry dc Cornhill. the Chancellor of the church. 

The Records of the Cathedral exhibit no conclusive evidence as to the 
time or the circumstances under which either the Chapter as a bodv, or the 
Prebendaries as individuals, became possessed corporately and individuall}' 
of their lands and manors. The Cathedral has indeed been supposed to 
possess charters of Anglo-Saxon kings. JEthelbcrht. Athelstan. Eadgar. and 
Eadward; ranging from the 7th to the 11th century, granting to the 
Cathedral divers lands and liberties attached thereto. These charters are 
Xos. 982. ]126. 1127, 1259. and 913, in that most valuable work the 
Codex Dipiomaticus of Mr. Kemble. The lands thus said to have been 
granted can be traced in the Exchequer Domesdav, as belonging to the 
Cathedral at the time of the Conquest, and it does not appear that anv 
addition was made to them at any subsequent period. This circumstance 
does not invalidate the charge of spuriousness, which has been adduced 
against those charters. Two inferences, however, mav fairly be drawn 
from it — first, that at the time of their fabrication the liberties mentioned 
in them as emanating from the bounty of the early kings did exist and were 
possessed by the church, as therein indicated ; and secondly, that when 
these grants were produced as genuine, the possessions and liberties 
mentioned in them had belonged to the church for so long a period, that 
such. docun;ents might vrell bo used, to account for what had already 
become prescriptive by time and usage, and to confirm the tradition which 


■ n- \ 
ITV \ 





had assicrned to a remote periol the original ncquiremer.t of the ]iroperty by 
the church. The inimor of TJllingham. in the hundred of Dingey in the 
county of E^sex. was accounted 'h.e most ancient po5?e5;ion. and tlie gift 
of it ascribed to .-EthL-lberht ; that of Sar.dun. Erdeley. Bcauchr.nip, 
Wicham. Tidwolditun, I\unwt-ih .-EJulveinasn. Driyton. and Berne? to 
Athelstau ; that of Nastok to Eadgar ; and of Barling and Chingefurd 
to the Confessor Eadward. At whatever yieriod thoie charters were 
written,, it is evident that the writt-rs of them knew how to distinguish tlie 
more ancient possessions from those acquired at a later period, namely 
Nastok. Kenesworth. and Norton, and upon which the Exchequer Domesday 
throws some light. V\"bether Nastok was orlginal!\ acquired bv purchase, as 
described in the charter uf Ei.dg;.r (No. l:.'o9 i, may be do\;bt:'ul ; but the 
statome:.t in the Exchequer Domesday that the canons had obtained it "ex 
dono Regis'" ° from ^\'illiam. renders it probable, that the church had already 
some richts there, whilst the late possession of Kenesworth and Norton, as 
deduced from the same authority, accords with the omission of those places 
in the supposititious charters; since we read of Kenesworth,^ " Hoc mancrium 
tennit Leuwinus cilt de Rege E. ;" and of Norton.^ that it belonged T. R. E. 
to a ladv named Godida All the Manors of the Cathedral uliich were 
visited in I •222, and are described in the St. Paul's Demesday of that year, 
are mentioned by name in the Exchequer Domesday, Sutton excepted, 
which is not there described, except as that part of the Episcopal Manor 
of Fulbam v.-hich was held by the Canons of St. Paul's, which contained 
five hides, and was " de victu canonicorum.'' 

The Domesday of St. Paul";, it must 'be observed, does not iucludi;- all 
the lands belonging to the Prebendaries of the church, as the endowments 
or " corpses " of their Prebends, but only those Manors which formed the 
" Communa." the revenue and produce of which were appropriated to the 
support and sustenance of all the members of the Cathedral in regular gra- 
dation, from the highest personage, the Dean, to the humblest servitor, the 
Doorkeeper of the brewery. It i? remarkable that, though the Statutes of 
the Cathedral describe the thirty Prebendaries as forming with the Bishop 
<' unum corpus," of which he is the head, there is no evidence of his sharing 
with them anv part of the revenue, or of his living in intercourse with them. 

DjiBrtJay, Ersox, p. 13. '' DouicsCiv. Herts, p. lio. "^ Domesday, Essex, j'. 13. 


The Bishops of London appear to have possessed their Manors in the time 
of the Anglo-Saxon kings in their own right, for tliere are no traces of any 
of the Episcopal lands having at any time belonged to the Csthedral. At 
what period certain lands were attached to each of the thirty Prebendaries, 
and the Manors described in the St. Paul's Doniesday separated from the 
rest to form the " Communa," is unknown. There is reason to believe 
that this apportionment was begun, if not completed, before the Conquest : 
for in the Exchequer Domesday* we read tliat the Canons Durandus and 
Gueri held lands at Twyford, Radulphus at Rugmere, and Walter at Pan- 
eras : and to the Prebend denominated " Consnmpta per Mare," lands 
were at one time attached in the parish of Walton-le-Soken : the catastrophe 
denoted bv the name of the Prebend, having been supposed to occur about 
the time of the Conquest. The locality of these Prebendal Manors is 
interesting. Thev are remarkable as much for their distance from as for 
their proximity to London. Thus we find two Prebends in Bedfordshire 
now called Caddington Major and Caddington ]Minor, adjoining the Chapter 
Manor of Cadendon in Herts, but which originally were one IManor belong- 
ing to the Chapter:*^ the Prebends of Sneating and Consumpla per Mare 
are in "Walton-le-Soken in the hundred of Tendring in Essex, within 
the manor of Adulvesnasa ; the Prebends of Ealdland, Weldland, and 
Reculverland, are at Tillingham in Dengy hundred, in the same county ; 
the prebend of Chiswick is in Middlesex. Of the remainder of the Pre- 
bends, twenty-two in number, no less than nine are at Willesdon in 
Middlesex : viz , Willesdon, Bromesbury, Brownswood, Chamberlain 
Wood, Mapesbury, Xeasdon, Harleston, Oxgate, and Twyford; whilst the 
rest of them, thineen in number: viz., Pancras, Rugmere, Totenhall, 
Kentish Town, Islington, Xewiugton, Holborn, Portpool, Finsbury, Ploxtcn, 
Wenlock's Barn, ]Mora, and Eald Street, are found to occupy a belt of land 
of no inconsiderable breadth, from the walls of the citv of London towards 
the north, extending from Pancras on the west to the Episcopal ■Manor of 
Stepney on the east. 

The rents of these lands appear to have been always separately enjoyed 
by the Prebendaries, and there seemjs little doubt that each Prebend was in 
itself sutSciently valuable to render the great majority of the Prebendaries 

- DoiufM3u_v, Middi. jip. 127 b, 12^ a. ^ Domesday, litdlordtLire, p. 211. 


indinerent as to obtaining that increase of their income?, which was afTorded 
bv residence at the Cathedral. To this subject, however, it will be necessary 
to rerer: Leroaficr ; the attention of tlic reader being now to be directed to 
that T'Ortion of the hinds of the Cathedral, which forms the subject of the 
St. PauTs DomesdaV; v.hich was under tlie management of the Dean and 
Chapter, and in the revenues of which all the members of the Church, the 
thirty Prebendaries, the Vicars, the Minor Canons, and the Servants of 
the Church had a proportionate interest. 

Before we proceed further, it may be right to apprize the reader, tlsat he 
must no: expect to find anvthing in the ju'escnt collection of documents, 
which may explain the relation in which the cathedrals of the Anglo-Saxon 
or Anglo-Norman times stood to the Church at large, as places of solemn 
worsh'p. as seminaries of learning, or as affording opportunities for retire- 
ment from the world. The religious character of the Cathedral could only 
be exhibited bv the publication of its ancient "Piegula Canonica," and of its 
Statutes. In the present work we have to consider the Cathedral onlv as a 
Corporation possessed of Manors and Churches, standing in the same relation 
to the Crown as other Tenants in capite, and having to fulfil to their Tenants 
the same duties, and receive from them the same services as ether Lords 
cf Manors : and if the conduct of the Dean and Chapter, in the manage- 
n:ent cf their Manors, was in accordance with the general practice of 
ct'.itr landlord^, it would afiford us a view of the condition of the cotmtry 
a: large, and help to explain the progress of those changes, which have 
taken place in the relation between landlord and tenant, in the mode of 
pavment of rent, and the general cultivation of the land, which have made 
airriculrjral England what it now is. It must, however, be borne in mind, 
that since Corporations generally, and particularly ecclesiastical Corpora- 
tions, have less power than individuals to change their customs in accord- 
ance with the changes produced by time, their proceedings may at all 
times be supposed to have an old-fashioned character, and to indicate the 
general customs of a former period, rather than an exact picture of the 
txistins- habits of the time. 

The Domesdays of St. Paul's ere records of Inquisitions. Thus we 
read at page 109, "Annus ab incarnatione Domini miilesimus centtsimus 

octogesimus primus facta fait inquisitio manerlorum beati Pauli 

per Radulfuni de Diceto Decanum Lundonien^em, Anno primo sui deca- 


nntuS; assisteiitibus ei tam magistro Henrico de Norhamtona. quam domino 
Roberto de Clifford;" and at pc^'e 85. " Inquisitio facta in myncrio de 

Chingeford per Rohcrmm He::;ricuni cancellarium anno 

secundo post translaticnem beati Thoms3 martyris Cantuariensis Archiepis- 
copi.'" The Inquisition is the recorded verdict of a Jurv. the directions for 
their impanelinent being as follov, i : " For the more easy discovery of the 
truth, we have decreed, that, according to the extent of the ^Manors and the 
number of the inhabitants, a greater or lesser number be chosen and bound 
by the oblig-ation of an oath acn:iniitered to ihtm. that, in ans^-ering tlie 
interrogatories, they will not knowingly either suppress the truth or assert 
what is false." ^ The names of tht; Jurors will be found prefixed to the In- 
quisition of each Manor, tht-ir nurr.ber varyir;g according to the forepoirjg 
direction, the largest jury being composed of twelve, others of eight or 
nine, and the smallest, that of Norton, of only three. The Inquisitions are 
dated on the day of holding the visitation ; but it is manifest from the 
nature of the return, that much time must have been spent upon it pre- 
vicuslv. The books we now possess may be regarded, as engrossed copies 
of the Inquisition of each Manor, written at leisure, and transcribed from 
the original minutes into a hook. 

The fragm-ent of the Domesday of Ralph de Diceto, (seepage 110.) 
which records the day upon which the Inquisition of each Manor was taken, 
enables us to describe the progress made by the Dean, and tv,o of his brother 
Canons, to visit their manors in the year I iSl. 

The Inquisitions began on the 6th of January, and ended on the SOth of 
the same month, comnienci::2: at Kadendon, near Duustaplc, and termi- 
nating at Sutton, near Chiswick in Middlesex. The whole period is t\\entv- 
three days; but, since at p. 112 it is distinctly said that the Inquisition was 
made m twenty-two days, we must assume that the dean and his brethren 
had been staying at Kadendon when the Inquisition commenced, and that 
the period of twenty-tv/o days" denotes the length of timie actually occupied 
in the visitation after their leaving Kadendon. 

" " Ut facilius Veritas erueretur. pro iraneriorum capacitate, pro numero colonorum, 
tuodo plure?. mode j:auciores, eligendos ("ecrevimuE artatos praestita jusjuranci religion?, 
qudd ad interrogata nee varum suj'pritr.frent, nee assererent falsum scienter. "" — p. 112. 


.. Friday . . 


iv. . 

„ Saturday 


ili. . 

„ Suudav . . 


Pnd. Id. 

., M.-.ndaT . 


I'l. Jan. 


., Tuesday . 


xi.^. Kal, 

. Feb. 

,. "Wednesday 



.. TliV.rjdav . 


x^■ii. . 

,, Friday . . 



Journal of a Visitation or the Manoks of St. P-avl's, iikld by 
IvADVLrnrs I'E Djckto in thf year 11 SI. 

On vi. Id. Jan. beiug Thursday, Jan. 8, 1161. A visitation v.-as L^-id at Kaui.-n- 

A visitation of the adjoining 

manor of Kenesyrorth. 
Occupied in a journey of fifteen 

miles to Ardcley. 
A visitation at Ardeley. 
Visitation of Sandun. five miles 

from Ardeley. 
Xo visitation, but a journey of 
thirty miles to Beauchamp in 
Visitation of Beauchamp. 
Visitation of "Wickham, distant 
four miles from Beauchamp. 

xvj ,, Saturday . 17 .. Xo visitation, but journey to 

Thorp, twenty-eight miles from 

XV ,, Sunday . . IS .. Visitation of the manor of ^T)dul- 

vesnasa, held in the church of 

xiv „ Monday . . 19 ,. Journey of thirty miles to Tid- 


xiii „ Tuesday . . 20 .. Visitation of Tidwolditun, (Iley- 


xii Wednesday 21 ., Visitation of Tillingham, distant 

ten miles from Heybridge. 

xi ,; Thursday . 22 ., Visitation of Piuu'^yell, seventeen 

miles distant from Tilling-ham. 

X ,, Fridaj- . . 23 .. Visitationof Barling, tvrelve miles 

distant from Run-well. 
I Journey from Barling to Xorton 
(Mandeville), being a distance 
' of fifteen miles. 

Tii ,, Monday . 26 ,. Vi;itation of Norton, and also of 

Xastok, distant five miles from 

X ,. Saturday . 24 

viii ,. Sunday . . 25 


vi. Kal. Feb being Tue^dD}-, Jan. 27, 1181, Visitation of Chingford, distant 

t—elve miles from X astok. 

V ,, "Wednesday 28 ,, Visitation of Barnes in Strrrey, 

on the Tlianies. 

iv ,, Thursday . 29 „ Visitation of Drayton in Middle- 
sex, distant fifteen miles from 

iii ,, Friday . . 30 ,, Visitation of Sutton, t-n-o miles 

from Barnes. 

The days of the vreek upon v.hich the progress was made have been 
determined by the tables in Nitolss's Clironology. The Dominical letter 
of the year 1181 being D, and Ecster Day falling in llmt year on April 5. 
it follows that the Sundays occupied in the progress ^vere the 11th and the 
ISth of January, and this appears to be confirmed by the fact that the 
yisitation at Kirkeby on the ISth was held in the church. 

Inqui-itions of this formal kind do not appear to haye been yery fre- 
Quently made, the earliest upon record being that just mentioned, by 
Radulph de Diceto. in llSl : the next that of 1222, by the Dean Robert 
de Watford, and which forms the chief subject of this yolume : whilst a 
third, that of 1279. by Dean Baudake. forms a portion of Book I., 
new remaining in the Archives. Articles of Visitation of a later period are 
extant; but the three Visitations of ll&I. 1222, and 1279 are those alone 
which now remain containing a regular inscription of all the names of the 
tenants, with their rents, ranks, and services, and forming a record resem- 
bling, in its general features, the Exchequer Domesday, but with greater 
minuteness of description. It was probably the progress of time, removing 
the men of one generation and replacing them by another, which rendered 
it necessary to have a fresh enrolment of and tenures. As respects 
the far greater number of the tenants, the claims of the Lord of the Manor 
wore limited to customary rents and fi^ed service ; an increased rate of rent 
was to be obt-ained only for newly-inclosed lands, or lands belonging to 
the demesne : so that the chief object of the Inquisition was the identifi- 
cation of the persons by whom the services cue were to be paid. On the 
part then of the Dean and Chapter, a new Domesday was not tlie prelude 
to any fresh exaction : it was rather a renewed declaration of rights and 
duties between the owner and the occupier of the soil, as well as a solemn 


i'/jquirv whc-thcr !:nv of the riglits of llie tenants had been unlawfully 
r.cquii-fd. It was the verdict of a jury, as to the rights which the parties 
possessed, and not a record of the re-letting of the land. 

In their use, not less than in their form, tlie Domesdays of St. Paul's 
resembled the Domesdav of the Exchequer. That census defined the rights 
of the Sovereign, bv recording the number of hides and the values of the 
manors : and in like manner the Domesdays of St. Paul's, in recording the 
holdings and services of the tenants, virtually limited the rights of the 
Chapter to the receipt of those payments, which had been in a solemn 
manner ascertained. It is a common notion that the Domesday book of 
William is a work entirely original in its character ; that it was compiled in 
order to enable the Sovereign to extort money from the people, and is 
chiefly interesting as being the record of the subjugation of England to a 
foreign power. The discoverr of other Domesday books, compiled for the 
use of other bodies and persons, and which are not records of violent 
transfer of propenv bv war, but official testimonies of quiet possession of 
land? by inheritance, by grant, or by purchase in times of peace, will how- 
ever encourage us to take a more charitable view of the Exchequer Domes- 
dav itself: whilst the careful comparison of the Pioyal with the other 
Domesdays may lead to the conclusion that the Exchequer Domesday, 
considered as a whole, is rather the record of ancient relations existing 
between the landlords and their tenants than of the newly-acquired rights 
of the Norman lords, and that the state of society described in it was 
not one newly formed by the Conquest, but that which had e>;isted in 
England under the Anglo-Saxon kings. 

Sir Henrv Ellis, in his learned Introduction to Domesday, mentions four 
books of the same denomination. The first, a Domesday belonging to the 
Dean and Chapter of York ; the second, that belonging to the Nuns of 
Haliwell : the third, one which existed in the archives of the Earls of 
Chester : the founh, the Domesday of Ralph de Diccto belonging to St. 
Paul's. In order to complete the catalogue, we must now reckon in the 
number of Domesdays — 1. The Liber ^Vintoniensis of Henry I. printed in 
the Appendix to Domesday. 2. The survey of the tenants in ihe city of 
Winchester (which forms the second part of the Liber V^'intoniensis), made 
by command of Henry Bishop of Winchester in 1148. 3. The Rolden Book 
(also printed in the Appendix), being an inquisition of the lands and rents 

CAMT). SOC. c 

X ixTEODrcnox. 

of the bi^hoprick of Durham, by Bishop Hugo, in 1183. 4. Trie survev 
of the manors of St. Paul's in 1222, printed in t;ic forowinc: jiaire;, CivA 
denoniinated tlie Domesday of Dcaii jlobert do Watford. 5. A similar 
survey by I^nlph do Baudake. Dean of St. Paul's, in 1279. Wc k-ow then 
of the existence of eight books subsequent to the Exchequer Domesday, 
compiled at difierent intervals during two centuries, identical in character, 
and bearing the same denomination, those of them which have been brought 
to light being records of inquisitions of the respective rights and duties of 
tlie lord of the soil^ and of tlie tenant within the limits either of cities or 

The Exchequer Domesday ds a return of ihe value and condition of 
the Manors at two distinct periods — at the time ^vhen the r-:tu;-n was 
made, and in the days of Edward the Confessor. It is probable that records 
were in existence which enabled the jurors of each countv, at the dis- 
tance of twenty-three years from the death of Edward, to describe so 
mmutely the former and present condition of each manor, its value, the 
power of the tenants to part with their lands with or without the consent of 
tlie lord, the names of the tenants, the number of acres held by ihcm, and 
the services due fromi them. The return of the royal revenue prior to the 
Conquest, and of the dues from courts of justice, shared by the Crown, the 
Comes or Earl, and the Prelates, and collected by tlie Vicecomes or .•>heriff 
in each county, implies the use of written documents. Take, for instance, 
the rights which the Confessor had in the burgh of Wallingford (Domesdav, 
p. 56), the varied nature of which will prove, that without a rental, and 
without minutes of the leoal proceedings within the burch. the Kino-'s 
praepositus would neither have been able to collect the gavel, amounting to 
eleven pounds, from two hundred and seventy-six holdings, denominated 
Jiciga', nor have satisfied the king's officers, that he duly certified the 
foriyfactuTce or forfeitures which belonged to the Crown. 

All the Domesday books have one common feature, that of being rentals of 
manors and records of manorial rights; but in the Royal Domesday the rental 
is given only in the form of a brief abstract : in the Capitular Doniesdays. the 
enumeration of the tenants and of their lands is set forth in the fullest extent. 
The former has the appearance of an abridgment of a Manorial Court roll, the 
latter are the Court-rolls at lengtli. The most ancient Court-rolls now extant 
are identical in ciiaracter with that series of Records bcloncinf^ to St. Paul's. 


ihe iTiOSt ar;cier,t of uhich arc called Domepdays. The tille of tlie Court-rull 
of Castle Combe, Will?, is '• Iledditualc ci;m Ciislumario de Castlecombe ad fe.-tum Sancli Michaelis anno liegni Regis Edw per sacra- 

rccntum ^^'alteri North," &c. This document is of as early a date as 1340. 
The annual rent of the manor was 15/. 12.v, 8d. and the numlier of the 
tenants exceeded fifty. Identity of character would seem to indicate a 
common use. At Castle Combe, the court rolls were the records of 
proceedings ou the davs therein termed huv-days — on those days in wliich 
not only rents were received, but legal rights and duties ascertained. And 
if, as is probable, the Exchequer Domesday, being the rental of all the 
manors of the kingdom in an abridged foru). ^Yas compiled from inquisitions 
htld on the Dcaies-days of the diSerent ^Manors, or on tlie Law-days of 
the Hundreds, called Lagehundred (at p. 86), such a fact wo\ild illus- 
trate the meaning of the term. Domesday, when applied alike to the Liber 
Censualis of the Crown and to the ancient Court-roll of a Capitular Manor, 
as being records framed upon the oaths of jurors in a Domes- day or Law- 
day inquisition. 

The Domesdav books are then records, which illustrate the condition 
of En'^iand as occu})ied in the pursuits of peace rather than of war, for 
Manors are civil possessions and not military commands; and, though the 
owner of the ALinor was bound to act in the m.ilitary defence of the country, 
the tenantrv. v.ho dwelt on the estate, had no such duties to perform. They 
were the labcurers. not the soldiers of the Lord. Manors, whether royal, 
baronial, or episcopal and ecclesiastical, were to their owners sources of 
vealth, derived from two distinct sources — the exercise of a legal jurisdic- 
tion and the rent or cultivation of land. The Ecclesiastical Manors differed 
in no respect from those which were in lay hands. They were the sources 
of income, not the field of s]iiritual labour. Tliey contributed to the sup- 
port of the Bishop or of the Chapter, and of the religious household of the | T 
Cathedral, bv tirofits and revenues no way different from those derived by 
the Sovereign and the Lords from other ^Lanor?. It is remarkable, that 
neither the Exchequer Domesday, nor the Domesdays of St. Paul's contain 
anv evidence, tliat the Eccle-iastical manors had any superior religious 
privilr-ges, or were the centres from which religious knowledge was diffused 
to the neighbourhood. The Manors of the religious houses were in reality 
secular possessions ; and their history, as shewn in the Domesdays of St. 


PauVs, is valuable as illustrating the social, rather than the religious, con- 
ditio:: of the time. 

Tr.e docurijents of the present volume exhibit to us in minute detail 
T^e various relations in %vhich o\vners and occupiers of lands in England 
stood :o each other in the nhddlc of the 12th century, at the distance 
of no; more tlian one hundred years from the Concjuest : the fragment 
of the Domesday of Ralph de Diceto in 1181 (seepages 109-11 7), and the 
leases of the manors (see pages 122-139) connecting the later documents 
vrith those of the earlier period, and the v.hole of them taken together 
proving most clearly, that from the middle of the 12th century to the be- 
ginnirg of the l4th no change took ]jlace in the general occupation of the 
country. Their chief value, however, will be found to consist in the retro- 
spective vievr vrhich they enable us to take of antecedent periods, and to 
urite the state of society in the Anglo-Xorman with that in the Anglo- 
Saxon times, the contracted character of the Exchequer Domesdav being 
in the St. Paul's Domesday written in extenso. and the relations of landlord 
and tenant, briefly recorded in the older document, being in the later more 
fully explained. 

The Manors of St. Pauls, in common v. iih the other ^Manors of the 
kingdom, consisted of two distinct portions : the lands of the Demesne, and 
the lajnn; of the_Teiiants. As respects the Capitular Manors in the counties 
of Middlesex. Hertford, and Surrev, the proportion which the Demesne 
bore to the Tenants" lands is distinctly stated in the Exchequer Domesdav: 
but in the enumeration of the Capitular manors in the county of Essex, the 
only intimation of this division is in the distinction between the caruca; or 
plough-teams in the demesne, and those which belonged to the Tenants. 
The Domesdays of St. Paul's supply the defect, and enable us to ascertain, 
with respect to the whole of the property, the number of hides in each 
Manor of both descriptions, whether Tenants' land or Demesne. 

Tne whole number of hides of land to which the Chapter was assessed to 
hidag^e in 1222 was 133|. In fourteen out of the eighteen Manors, the 
numc-er cf rateable hides had remained the same from the time of the 
Conquest, but at Tidwoldintun the variation consisted in reduction from 
eight hides to three, at Chingford and at Ardley from six to five, at 
Drayton from ten to nine, whilst at >sastock there was an increase from 
seven to eicht. 


These variations are iritcrestiRg. not only as indicating changes in the 
condition of the Manors as respects the extent of cultivation, but as imply- 
ing a power on the part of the Tenants in capite of procuring from the 
Crown a relaxation of the burden of hidage. Whether any general revisal 
of the Survey of the Conqueror took place in later reigns is uncertain ; but 
T.-hen we discover in the records of St. Paul's a full Inquisition of all the 
Manors (see pages 140-146). in which the number of hides is recorded at 
v.hich each Manor " defendebat se" in the time of Henry the First and 
William the Dean, several of the Manors being rated otherwise than they 
had been in the Exchequer Domesday, it is reasonable to conclude, tliat 
these changes were not made without the consent and approval of the 
Crown; and when we further learn, that William the Dean adiusted the 
pa}~ment of the hidage between the Demesne and the Tenants' lands in the 
manor of Barling (see page 143), there is ground for conjecture that, as 
the variations above alluded to were made in his time, thev mifrht also be 
made bj- his endeavours and under his superintendence. That the Crown 
at later periods than that of William in some cases diligentlv investi- 
gated its ancient rights, is evident from the Liber Wintoniensis of Henry I., 
which opens with the following preface : '■ Henricus Kex volens scire quid 
Rex Edwardus habuit omnibus roodis Wintonicp in suo dominico,Burtrensium 
suornm sacramento hoc comprobari jussit." Such attention, however, to the 
rights of the Crown is not inconsistent with a due regard to the relief of the 
subject, either as of favour or of right. In the case of the Manor of Tid- 
•woldintun (Heybridge) the reduction of the number of rateable hides, first 
from 8 to 7^ and then from 7^ to 3, is worthy of remark, the latter reduc- 
tion having taken place between 1181 and 1222. The Manor lies at the 
extreme end of the Blackwater estuary, on the coast of Essex. In the time 
of Stephen, ieiupore guerr<e, (see page 142,) some inroad of the sea and 
destruction of woods had taken place, to the injury of the produce of the 
manor, and some similar misfortune at a later period might have griveu 
occasion to a reduction of the hidage from seven and a half hides to three. 

The Hide of land in the Manors of St. Paul's contained 120 acres, or four 
virgates of thirty acres : bin. besides the ordinary Hide, we find mention at 
Tillingham, Sutton, and Drayton of land of a different denomination, and 
occasionally liable to a different burden of taxation, the " Hida de solanda." 
At Drayton this hide did not pay '-geld" with the other hides, "nisi 


quum comrauniter fiant exactiones per hidas" (p. 99). AVhetlier the 
solanda nl Sutton and those at Tiliingham had the hkc exen^ption is doubtful. 
A solo./. da consisted of two liidcs (pp. 68 and 93). but piobably in this 
case the liide was not of the oi'dinary dimension. Tiie word solanda, or 
a? it is written at p. 142 scokinda, is so evidently a latinized form of 
the Ar.clo-Saxon sulnuo^. or plough-land, and approaches so near to the 
Kentish ioJ'nms:. that we need scarcely hesitate to consider them identical, 
and since we learn from the Domesday Survey of the possessions of St. 
Martin's at Dover (vol. i. f. 2) that 450 acres make two solins and a half, 
the solin being therefore 180 acres, vre gather from hence that the solanda 
probably did not contain two full hides of liO acres, but two smaller hides 
uf 90 acres each, or ISO acres, being the Kentish soli/uix or Anglo-Saxon 

In the Manors of St. Paul's the actual extent of thie land much exceeded 
the quantity at which it was rated ; and if throughout the whole kingdom 
the same proportion v^'as observed, it would follow generally, that land was 
rated to hideage at about two-thirds of its real extent. The 133k hides 
of St. Paul's (reckoning the hide at 1'20 acres) would have contained only 
16,020 acres ; hut an enumeration of the whole of tlie lands shews an actual 
acreage of nearly 24,000 acres. Of these 24,000 acres, three-eighths were 
in demesne and five-eighths belonged to the tenants, being for the most 
part lands of inheritance, subject to the rents and services of which we shall 
have to take notice. 

Broad however as is the distinction in the description of these Manors 
between the land of the Demesne and the land of the Tenants, it appears 
from the number of the acres which were held by the tenants '' de 
dominico." and from the services performed by them, that the lords 
of Manors had power, if not to alienate the Demesne in perpetuity to 
tenants, at least to grant to them a right of occupation, upon con- 
ditions of service not different from those attached to lands which did not 
form part of the demesne. It would be out of place to enter upon an 
inquiry v.hether, in the original formation of Manors, one part of the 
Manor was not demesne, and another part held by the people : but when at 
later periods land was granted to tenants, the land so granted was said to 
be as-^isid. Thr.s we read at p. 140, in the manor of Ardley : " De sex 
prsedictis hvdis dute fucrunt in dominio ct ouatuor ((s&i.-'a' et adhuc sunt ;" 

ixTr.ODUCTioy. xv 

sr;d at Tiilingham. p. 58, wc find an cniimoratlon of tenants " dc doiiiinico 
aniiyuiiuf cksa/Vo ;" and at Luffcnhall. p. 20, " Isti tcncnt dc Lida assisa 
per Oconem;"" and at p. 94, " I;ti tencnt de terra as?isa."' 

It has been stcted that the Exchequer Dc-es-dav supplies ns with httle 
icfonnation as to the rehitive extent of the Tenants' lands, and of tlie De- 
ruesue, in the county of Essex ; the cnun;erat;on of the Caruca;, or plough- 
teams, in the Denx'sne, and of the Carucs? of the Homines, or Tenants, 
EiTording no certain clue to the acreage of the two portions of the manor. 
Concerning, however, the nature of the Carucas the records of St. Paul's 
afford some raluahle inforn:!ation. In the survey of the Manor of Adul- 
vesnasa, in the Exchequer Doniesdav, vol. ii. we have this description of 
the Carucae of the demesne and of the tenar.ts. '• \'i. caruca? in dcniinio. 
Tunc inter horuines Ix. carucs'. niodo xxs." In the lease of that manor, 
granted in the time of Ilalph de Diceto. son:;e 120 years later, see p. 125, 
we have renewed mention of these sis Caruca? in the demesne, with the 
addition of the number of oxen attached to them, and as being a part of the 
stock of this Manor leased to the lessee : '•' Restauramentum tale est : sex 
carruc^, de quinque unaqua?que x. houm. sexta autem viii. bourn. 

The St. Paul's Domesday of 1222 difers from the Exchequer Domesday, 
in making no distinct mention of the Carucje possessed by the tenants ; but 
in each Manor the number and strength of the teams, which, when added 
to the " censuetudines," or customarv labour perfcrn-ied by the tenants, 
were sufficient for the cultivation of the demesne, are particularly stated. 
The general form of the Inquisition, as respects the plough teams, is, " Di- 
cunt cuod potest fieri V\'ainagium cum toridem carucis totidem capitum 
cum consuetudinibus villatas." But as to the strength and composition of 
these teams there is much variety: — 

" Potest fieri wainagium mancrii cum cuobus carucis viii. capitum,," p. 8. 
'• Quinque carucse. quarum tres habent iiij. bovcs ct iiij. equos et duae 
singulse vi. equos,'' p. 13. 

*' Quatuor carucse x. capitum," p. 28. 

" Tres carucaex capitum, scilicet in qualibet viij boves et ij. equi," p. 48. 
" Duae carucfe bonK cum XX. capitibus scilicet cum X. equis etx bobus,"p.53. 
" DuEB carucffi xx. capitum, scilicet cum xii. bobus et viij. equis," p. 59. 
'• Duee carucae cum xvi. capitibus, scilicet medietas equoruru et m.edietas 
bourn,'' p. 65. 


" Potest •naluagiuni fieri cum xii. bovibus ct quatuor Ftottis," p. 93. 

Hence it appears that of v.-hEtcver kind of animals the Carucs? or teams 
vrere formed, there were in each team not less than six, eight, or ten head of 
cattle, either horses alone, cr beasts alone, or horses and beasts intermi^ed. 

Ir must "be obvious to every student of the Excheijuer Domesday, that the 
abstracts of inquisitions, ubich constitute the body of that work, were made 
bv different persons, and that the information derived from it. as respects 
the condition of Manors throujrhout the kingdom, is not of an uniform cha- 
racter. The Domesdav of Essex is distinguished by the frequent envimera- 
tiou of the live stock of the manors, and the comparison of the number of 
animals of each description existing at the two periods — the lime of the Sur- 
vev and tlie tin":e of the Coi^fessor. Thus in the survey of the manor- of 
Brachestedam, in the hundred cf Witham (vol. il. p. 49), it is recorded, that 
in the time of the Confessor there were in that manor '• tv,-o horses (run- 
cini), fourteen beasts (animalia ), forty pigs, and eighty sheep ; but at the 
time of the Survey there were found one horse, six beasts, forty-six pigs, 
one hundred and ten sheep, and four hives of bees." The Manors belonging 
to the canons of St. Pauhs in the county of Essex are enumerated at pp. 
12 and 13 of the same volume, and a similar account of the live stock is 
also iriven ; e. g., at Belchamp there were nine beasts, two horses, fortv 
pigs, an hundred sheep, and five goats. At Wicham two horses, four 
beasts, twentv-three pigs, fifty sheep, twenty-four goats, and two hives of 
bees. The live stock upon these manors of St. Paul's is in some cases 
said to have been always (that is, in the time of the Confessor and also at 
the time of the Survev) the same : a circumstance which is explained b}'' 
the S'opposition. that the live stock thus enumerated was that which formed 
the vrqAerucntum of the demesne, distinct mention of which is made in the 
leases of manors contained in this volume (pp. 122 — 139), as received by 
the firmarius at the commencement of his lease, and rendered either in 
kind or value at its termination. It appears from those leases, which were 
granted nearly a century after the Conquest, that this live stock had in the 
mean time been varied, and we cannot, as in the case of the Caruca? of 
Adulvesnasa, identifv the stock as being the same in extent at the earlier 
and the later period ; we can however in one instance identifv its 
character, by the beasts, the horses, the pigs, and the goats, which at 
both periods are described, p. 121. as belonging to the manor of W'icham. 


In the Excheqiier Dome>diiy, wiictiicr a manor belonged to tl.e Lii;g or 
a prelate, or to av.y other body or person, its description is of the same 
character and relates to the same particulars, the general form being as 
follows : — 

" Herfordsciie (f. 136, a.) 
"Terra Sancti Pauli Lundnn. In Danais Hniidred. 

" Canonici Lundonienses lenent Canesworde. Pro x. hidis se defendit. 
Terra est x. carucarum. In dominio v hidae, et ibi sunt ii. canic;e et adhuc 
iii. possunt fieri. Ibi viii. villani cum iii. bordariis habent ii. carucas, et 
adhuc iii. possum fieri. Ibi iii. servi. Pastura ad pccus. Silva c. por- 
corum, et de redditu silvae ii. solidi. In foti.-.' valentiix valet Lr.r. .'<o/idi, 
Qvahdo 'j'eceperiint c. sulidi, et iantumdem teinjiore I^cijis JLdicardi. 
Hoc manerium tenuit Leuuinus Cilt de rege Edwardo." 

The clause in this return, to which we would now direct the atteniion of 
the reader, is that which is printed in Italics, and which records the \alue of 
the manor at three periods, the time of the Survey, the time when the 
Chapter became possessed of it, and the time of Edward the Confessor. 
This mode of describing the value of manors is universal throughout the 
Domesday, nor is it limited to manors ; tenements which consisted of but a 
few acres being similarly valued, e.g. twenty acres in one place being valued 
at fortv pence, and thirtv-five acres in another at fortv-six pence. Such 
phrases as '-valet" and " valuit " would seem to indicate the value of the 
whole estate, and such is the interpretation of the term, which has been 
adopted bv the learned Dr. Nash in his Commentarv upon the Domesday 
of Vv'orcestershire, and probably bv other writers. A comparison however 
of the inquisitions of manors in the Exchequer Domesdav, both with each 
other and with the inquisiiions of the St. Paul's Domesdays, will render it 
probable that the terms "valet" and " valuit" do not represent the value of 
the whole estate, but only the annual profit derived from money rents. 

For the elucidation of this subject we shall first exhibit in parallel 
columns inquisitions of Hoval and of Ecclesiastical Manors ; from which 
it will be evident that, whatever was the object in view in estimating and 
recording these values, the manors of the Crown and of its subjects were 
estimated and recorded in the same manner; and also, that whatever it might 
be, upon which a value was put, whether land or rent, in the Royal manor, 




the same thing was valued in all other manors ; and since in verv manv 
cases it is the annual value, at -which the estate was let to farm, or the annual 
rent received, which is recorded in the inquisition, we have ground for con- 
jecture, that it was the annual value which was sought to be ascertained in 
the inquisition, and which is accordinglv expressed by the term " valet'' or 
"valuit;" the truth of the conjecture being confirmed by its S('Iving nearly 
all the difficulties, Mhich follow from the supposition that "valet"' means the 
value of the fee simple of the estate, and also by its reconciling the dinVren^ 
descriptions of value with each other : — 


(f.SS.) Tekra Regis, (f. SSL.) 
Rex ■Wilk-lmuf tenet j ip^^ Rex tenet Op- 

:n dcniinioOdibam. He- 
raldus come.'! tenuit. Ibi 
cuater xx'' hidse una bida 
et dimidia minus. Tunc 
5-e defendebat pro xxsviii. 
i.idis. Modo non geluat. 
Terra est Ivi. carucarum. 
In dominio sunt sv, ca- 
raca- et cxxxvii. viUani 
e: Ix. bordarii cuir, xl. 
carucis. Ibi L > 
viii. molini de hi. sol. et 
vii. den. et xxi. acra' 
prati. Silva declx.pcprcis. 
T. R. E. et post vaiuit 
1. lib. ad numerum.modo 
1. lib. ad pen.sam. 

tune de terra Eddid re- 
ginte. Tunc se defende- 
bat pro una bida. Mode 
pro nibilo. Terra est 
ii. carucarum. In do- 
minio est una caruca et 
v. villani et iii. bor- 
darii cum ii. carucis. 
Hi i. servus. Siha ad 
clausuram. T. R. E. 
tt valebat iiii. lib. et post 
xl. sol. modo Ix. sol. 
Tamen est ad firmam de 
iiii. lib. 

Terra M'intomensis 
Eriscon. (f. 40 b.) 
Ipse Episcopus tenet 
Menes in dominio. Sem- 
per fuit in episcopatu. 
T. R. E. se defendebat 

Terra Sci. Petri Wrv- 
TO.VJENSIS. (f. 43.) 
Abbas Sci. Petri de 
Wincestre tenet Aul- 
tone. Eddid regina te- 
nuit T. R. E. Tunc 

pro XX. liidis. Modo pro erant x. bids, et villani, 
xii. liidis. Terra est qui ibi manebant, gel- 
xiiii. carucarum. In do- dabant pro v. bidis. 
Modo babel abbas in do- 
minio V. bidas, sed non 
ge!davit. Terra est iiij. 
carucarum. In dominio 
es: i. caruca et xi. bor- 
darii et ii. servi cum ii. 
carucis et dimidium mo- 

mmio sunt iii. caruc^T 

et XXV. viliani et xvii. 

bordarii cum xi. carucis. 

I!"ii ecclesia cum una 

bida et viii. servi. et ii. 

molini de X. sol. Ibix. 

acr;e prati. Silvadexl. 

porcis, et in AVincestre ; linum de iiii. sol. et vii. 

viij. bagae reddente.? vi. den. et ii. acne prati. 

sol. T. R. E. valebat xx. ' Sihadeclausura. T.R.E. post xvi. lib. Modo , valebat vi. lib. et post et 

XXX. lib. Tamen reddit ' modo vii. bb. 

de firma xl. lib- sed diu '. 

non potest pati. Ec- i 

clesia reddit 1. solidos. i 

It will be observed that in two of these manors, Optune and Menes. 
their value, put "ad firmam,." exceeded the other certified value. It is 
then obvious, that all the values of these manors are annual values : and 
there being no reason to imagine, that in these manors the term '• valet " 


is employed in a peculiar sense, we conclude that gciierallv. and in other 
cases where the value of the esiaie put to farm is not given, tlie word 
" valet "' also raeans annual value. 

It is further to be observed, that in the Exchequer Domesdaj' the terras 
••' reddit" and "redditus" frequently sup'/ly ihe place of '• valet."" In tlie 
Domesday of Wiltshire the '• Terra Regis '" contained twenty-two manors. 
Six of them may be distinguished from the rest as ancient Royal manors, 
which had never paid, nor been estimated for, hidage, but which " reddi- 
dermit firmam unius noctis cum omr.lhus consuetudinibus," the value 
of this redditus being at Chepehan 110/. and at Theodulveside 100/. 
The value of fourteen other manors, some of which had belonged to 
Haruld; is estimated in most of them as '• redditus," but in others by the 
term '• valet." So also in the roval manors in the county of Oxford (nine 
in number), two, Langford and Scoptone, were held to farm. The value 
(valet j of the former manor being eighteen and of the latter nine pounds ; 
but the remaining seven manors have their values described as "redditus," 
and in three cases as " redditus ]:>er annum." These are a few out of many 
instarices, which might be adduced to confirm the suggestion, that "valet' 
throughout the Exchequer Domesday means only the annual value of 
money-rent, or the sum which the estate was worth when let to farm. 

At page l40 of this volume, the reader will find an inquisition of all the 
Manors of St. Paul's in the year IlSl : the resemblance of this inquisition 
to that of the Exchequer Domesday in respect of the number of hides at 
wliich the manors were assessed, or which were in the demesne, will be per- 
ceived by comparing the inquisition of the manor,of Keuswrtha (Canesworde), 
with that already presented to tlie reader. " INIanerium de Keneswrtha de- 
fendebat se tempore Regis Heurici et Willielmi decani pro x. hidis versus 
regem, et reddebat vicecomiti xx. s., et adhuc ita est. Canonicis vero reddit 
xiij. lib. De x. hidis v. fuerunt in dominio et adhuc sunt, in quibus v. hidis 
continentur xx. virgaise, de quibus et potuit et poterit dominus ponere ad 
operationem quantum voluerit. De his xx. virgatis sunt in dominio ccc. 
acr* de terra arabili et in bosco cc. acra?. Est ibi pastura ccc. ovibus. 
Suiitina dpuarlorujii x. lib. et vii. solid, et ob." As in the case of the 
older inquisition of this manor of Kensworth we drew attention to the term 
" valet," and pointed out some of the reasons for interpreting the term as 
meaniuD" onlv annual value, so, with reference to the term " Summa denan- 



Drum " in this later inquisition, we %^-ould observe that, as it occupies the 
place of the - \alet."" its position alone would lead us to conclude, that the 
terms are eyprc-ssire of the same value — that which at orje period was ex- 
pressed hv •■valet'" being afterwards expressed by the " Summa denario- 
runi." Xov\- there cannot be anv doubt, that the nionev-values recorded in 
the Inquisition of 1181 under the head "Summa denariorum " are the 
values of annual rents ; for. on summing up the rents paid hv all the 
tenants of the manors as set forth in the Inquisition of 1222, the sums 
received in each nianor at both periods so nearly correspond, as to prove the 
identity of the payments as annual rents. Assuming, then, that in all the 
surveys of manors, those of the time of the Confessor and of the Conqueror, 
of Ralph de Diceto in I 181. and of Robert dc Watford in 122-'. it is the 
annual value that is recorded under the terms " valet '" and " Summa dena- 
riorum." t];e compar!>on of these values as exhibited in the subjoined table 


V yaliies. 


11 a 



Manor. ' 


p r 

T. r.. ■« 







£ s. 


£ S. 


£ s. d. 


Draiton . . j 



C S 


6 18 9 

burrey . . . ■ 

Sutton . . 
Berne? . . 



3 7 

7 5 4 
2 15 6 

Canisworde . j 


3 10 

10 7 


11 2 4 




5 10 

7 6 

T T T 
J J. .^ 

7 17 [t 

Hens . . . ' 

Erdelei . . 



5 13 

8 14 4 


Luienelle. . 





1 17 7 


.Sandciiifc . . 



12 2 


14 1 


Ciiigbefon . 



4 6 

3 6 




13 8 


13 1 

AVicham . . 



1 IS 


3 IS 10 

Tillip.gham . 



6 10 


7 4 . . . / 


Xonon . . 


1 4 5 





7 7 


11 10 S 


Runwell . . 



2 12 


3 17 8 





4 4 


4 2 11 





SO 13 


14 2 


14 i< 4 


Berliiiga . . 




3 10 


3 3 9 




157 IZ 


112 10 


120 1(1 S* 

• Muc-b lal-c.v.r Las been ec.jdoyed to estimate tbc sums in tLi.s column; but some 
:ii!o\vi;r>cf mt;?; hi made lor error? iinnvoi<b'iblf' in sufii a Xn'-K. 


mav not be uninteresting, the vri.ole interval of time from the first valuation 
T. R. E. to that in 12i'i' occupying a period of about 160 years. In order 
to account for the variation of value of each manor at the different periods, 
much more information is required, than we possess. It is, however, to be 
borne in mind, that the rents represented by the respective sums are not 
variable annual rents of tenants at -R-ill, but the fixed rent payable by 
tenants of estates descending in the family by hereditary succession. Upon 
the values at the two earlier periods it is to be remarked, that the contrast 
between them and those of the two later periods, as not exhibiting any frac- 
tional pavments, clearly intimar-es estimated or average values rather than 
actual receipts. And as respects the increase and diminution of rent at any 
of the periods, it is to be observed, that increase would take place by the 
conversion of demesne lands into tenants' lands ; and that the resumption 
of tenants' lands by failure of heirs and by forfeiture, by increasing the land 
in demesne, would cause a ciminction of rent. The increase of the 
" Summa denariorum '" in 1222 above that of 1 181 would indicate, either 
that a larger part of the demest^e had been assisrd in the meantime, or that 
lands, which had escheated, hid been regranted on higher terms. The 
whole value of all the manors was also greater in the time of the Conqueror 
than of the Confessor ; but the Increase took place chiefly in the county of 
Essex, the manors in the other counties having fallen in value. It would 
seem, that the good manasremeii: of a manor depended much upon the allot- 
ment of lands in demesne, in the exercise of that right, which the lord of 
the manor is described as possessing at Kensworth (p. 160). " jionere ad 
operationem quantum voluerit " of the five hides in demesne, and to which 
also reference appears to !►€ made by tlie jurors at Beauchamp (p. 28), 
Hevbridge (p. 53). Runwell (p. 170), and Nastock (p. ] 75), in their 
statements, that the lands of the demesne, the essarts or newly-cleared 
lands, and other tenements had been let (tradit«) with due regard to the 
interest of the Chapter. 

Tenants of four ranks or orders occupied the Manors of St. Paul's at the 
time of the Exchequer Survey — Viilani. Bordarii. Cotarii, Servi, and they 
were more than five hundred ii number. In the Domesday of 1222 only 
one of these distinctive names is preserved — that of the Cotarii ; but the 
other three classes appear to l-e represented by the Tenentes, the Operarii, 
and the Nativi, the whole number of tenements exceeding thirteen hundred, 
and indicating a proportionate increase in the population. 


The fr3giv,ei-jt of the Inquiiition of Ralph de Dicdo in JISl (see page 
1 14). ulTords the mecriS of comparing the number of tenants in the manor of 
Bi-'lchampin that year, with the numbers at the earlier time of the Domesday 
Survey, and at the later period of 122:2. Twenty-four Villani. ten Bordarii, 
and five Servi occipied manor in lOtSG. in all thirty-nine. A hundred 
years later there v.-ere eighteen Libere tenentes, holding six hundred and 
sixty-seven acres, -with thirty-five tenants of the demesne holding one hundred 
and fiftv-eight acres ; these two classes being fifty-three in number. In the 
next fifty years the Libere tenentes had increased from eighteen to thirty- 
four, or nearly double : but the quantity of land held by them bad increased 
from six hundred and sixtv-seven acre? to onlv seven hundred and fortv- 
four. The tenants of the demesne lands had increased from thirtv-five 
to forty-four, and the acre'.ge of the lands from one hundred and fiftv- 
eight to one hundred and eighty acres. The two classes together were 
in 10S6 thirty-four; in 1J81 fifty-three, in T_'22 seventy-eight. 

It was necessary, in order to the name of any person being admitted on 
the Court Roll, that he should be the rightful occupier of land or mes- 
suage ; and every one so admitted may be considered the head of a house- 
hold. So manv tenements were however held by widows and single women, 
and the same person so frequently held two or three kinds of tenancies 
in the same manor, that the number of the households necessarily falls 
short of the number of the tenements. The causes of the increase in the 
.number of tenancies mav be found in the lettiug to tenants portions of the 
derae-ne and of the waste, or woodland, newly brought into cultivation, and 
denominated " essarts ;" and it is probable, that from the lands so tenanted 
the lord of the manor derived an increased annual rent, and additional 
labour for the demesne. Another source of increase in the number of 
tenancies was the subdivision of the land according to the law of gavelkind, 
which, as we learn from Glanville (vii. 2). was applicable to all lands 
not held by knights or by miliiary tenure ; and which divided the inherit- 
ance of the Socmen equally among all the sons. (See also Bracton, ii. 34.) 
But from such divisions of the land the lord derived no increased annual 
profit. A virgate, or a hide of land, when so divided, does not appear to 
have been chargeable v,-ith ar.\ increased rent, or anv increased tenant-labour, 
whilst the number of persons liable to the rent, and to the performance of 
labour, might increase the diiSculty on the part of the lord in exacting his 
dues, without his having any proportionate advantage. 


The mr^nor of Sutton, however, presents a remarkalile contrast to the 
other manors of St. Paul with respect to increase in the numLcr of 
tenancies at the periods above memioned. In the ExcheCjUer Domes- 
d-riv it is recorded that the tenants of this manor consisted of eifrht ^'i|]ani. 
holding each one virgate. seven ^'illar.i holding each half a virgatc. seven 
Bordarii ^vith five acres each, sixteen Cotarii, and two Servi — altogether 
forty persor.s. The number of tenancies in li22:2 appearing but little to 
exceed the ancient num-ber of forty, has led to a more accurate comparison of 
the two Surveys, which has been attended by some curious results ; such as 
these, first that the number of tenants was as nearly as possible forty at both 
periods : that at the earlier period e]e^en and a half virgates, and at the 
later period twelve virgates, were held first by fifteen and then by eighteen 
tenants; that the seven Bordarii with their five acres each are represented 
by seven Operarii, witli the like number of acres ; and that the number of 
tenants described as holders " de terra assisa " in 1222, and chiefly in small 
quantities, such as the Cotarii generally held, very nearly corresponds to 
the sixteen Cotarii of the Exchequer Domesday. Such coincidences confirm 
most strongly the idea that the ancient, as well as the later Domesdays, were 
compiled from sources of a similar character, and that the ancient Domes- 
days are, as has been suggested, abbreviated Court Rolls of Manors. The 
liecords of St. Paul's throw no light upon the meaning of the title Bor- 
darius ; but, since the use of the word had ceased at the beginning of the 
thirteenth century, -we may conclude, that if any particular duties, other than 
those performed by the Operarii, had before belonged to them, they had at 
that time ceased. 

It is to be remarked, that though there were "Servi" on every manor 
in the earner times, no distinct mention is made of this class on any of the 
manors in 1222, though probably the persons described at p. 80 as " nativi 
a principio " in the manor of Navestock belonged to it. Personal slavery, 
by which is meant the right to sell and transfer the slave to any new owner, 
does not appear to have been an Anglo-Saxon institution : it is doubtful, 
whether a Lord possessed a greater property in the Servus, than is implied in 
the obligation on the part of the Serrus to dwell upon the estate, and not 
to depart from it without the licenc-:- of his Lord. The ordinary prandial 
services due from the Tenentes or Villani were not required to be per- 
formed in person : and whether in the manor or out of it the Villanus was 


not in legal lavjguage " sub potestate domini." Not so the Nativu? ; wherever 
he was dwelling, he was his Lord's property, and must return to his Manor^ or 
be pursued as a fugitive slave (Bracton,!. i. c. G, 10). As respt-cts pra-dial 
service; the Nativi of Nastok were not bound to greater personal labour or 
to services dinerent from those performed bv the Operarii on other manors. 
yet their tenure was "bondage" ('" Johannes Peter nativus tenei in bondagio 
unum mesuagium.'" &c. p. 81), the distinctive mark of that condition being 
tlje payment of Havedsot or Chevagium (head n:oney) for licence to po 
away either to trade or serve on hire. This payment was at Nastock a 
penny, married couples paying double. A verv interesting account of 
the late continuance of tenure in bondage is to Tie found in the History 
of the Manor of Castle Co'mbe,* to which reference has been already 

As the manor of Nastock is distinguished bv its '• Kativi." so is also tlie 
manor of Adulvesnasa by two classes of tenants, unknown on the other 
capitular manors, the " Akermanni" and " Hidarii."' 

The Akermanni are described at p. 52 as belonging to Walton, Thorp, 
and Kirkeby with Horlock, being in 1222 three divisions of the great manor 
of Adu]\esnasa. and the survev of the whole manor being taken upon the 
oaths of three juries, at Tliorp, at Kirkeby. and at Walton. Jt is also to he 
observed that at Thorp and at Walton, which are distant five miles from 
each other, there were separate demesne? ; and. as appears from the lea«e 
to Richard the Archdeacon (see pp. 130, 131 ). a courthouse and Uirus 
at Walton, and at Thorp a homestead, with a barn, a stackyard, and a house 
used partly as a barn. These Akermanni were six in nuuiber. holding each 
of them five acres. Their tenure of the land was luicenain : for it is dis- 
tinctly said that the Lord could take them into his own hand whenever he 
pleased — " dominus potest capere in manu sua cum vmIx ;" and yet it 
is doubtful, whether by such an act the Lord could have entirely annihi- 
lated the rights of the Akerman's heir; some limitation to vi»e consoGnence 
of this seizure being apparently implied in the qualifying expression — '-sine 
injuriis hered:taria> successionis.' It iv possible, that these s;x Akemuinnl 
were the representatives of those Servi. of whom it 1? said in the Lxche- 
qucr Domesdav. that there had alwavs been six of that clas? at Adulvesnasa, 

'^ Bv G. Poulvit .^crt.i.c. E-q, ]S:.2. Stv i.;.i:f> -riT, T2-2. 


and it is reraarkablo. that four of tliera, Rand' the weaver, Adman the s-on 
of Here\ icus, Alicia the widow of Jordan, and the brothers Walter and 
Edmund, held other lands in other capacities (see pages 30, 44, 49, 51), 
and that the occupations of the remaining two. Sagar the shipman, and 
Johannes tlie merchant, are quite compatible with the condition of the 
Nativi as already described, who holding '•' in bondagio " could, under certain 
penalties or ]iaymcnts, remove from the manor, and carry on trade, or serve 
on hire elsewhere. 

The Inquisition of the Manor of Adulvesnasa (see pp. 38-52) differs 
from those of the oiher manors of St. Paul's, in having each hide sepa- 
rately described, as held by its tenants in different proportions, the number 
of hides thus described being nineteen and a-half. and the tenants being 
denominated Hidarii. The hide was not divided amongst its tenants 
equally, nor was the number of tenants on each hide the same ; the 
first hide (see page 41) was divided among four tenants, the second 
among nine, the third among ten, and the fourth among eight ; the remaining 
hides exhibiting the like variety, both as to the number of tenants, and the 
quantity of the land held by each, within the hide. Portions of separate 
hides were in several instances held by the same person. So peculiar a 
division of the land, and so distinct an appellation, might appear to indicate 
some peculiar privilege. There is however no ground for such a supposi- 
tion ; for if we compare the services due from the Hidarii, as detailed in 
pages 42 and 47, with those of the Libere tenentes on other manors, it will 
be evident, that the Hidarii of Adulvesnasa belonged to the ordinary class of 
Villani, their distinction being probably only this, that they were jointly, as 
well as severally, bound to perform the services due from the hide, of which 
they held part. 

We have before observed, that in the Exchequer Domesday the tenants 
of the Manors of St. Paul's are enumerated as belonging to four classes: — 
Villani, Bordarii, Cotarii, and Servi. In the Capitular Survey of these 
manors in 1222, we find no such distinct classification, nor is there any 
uniform system in the description of the tenants or their tenancies. The 
following list exhibits nearly all tlie varieties of description. 

1. Libere tenentes. 2. Tenenies antiquum tenementum. 3, Tenentes 
de purpresturis. 4. Tenentes sexacras. 5. Tenentes dimidias virgatas. 
6. Tenentes Lodland. 7. Tenentes de dominico. ^. Tenentes de do- 



E'.irjico occk'si.T. 9. Tencnte? per Tilenr.giiim. 10. Tenrvites terra? 
eperr. ■•::•--. 11. TcMcnTes de terra aF?isa. 12. Tenei^es cle essartis. 
13. Tr::e:n(5 ct ad ceii&uin et ad denoriinn. 14. Fcfiari ce p-.^tiiris. 
15. D--T.entes v.-arrlper.riy. 16. Debentes landa-abVoi-n. 17. H'darii. 
18. ,-^ ■:'=n-;-!arT-ii. U'. C'otavii. The ancient name-, that of the Ccfarii 
exce;:'-T:, r.r.d. as it appear?, fallen into de? the rehatinn^. hovv- 
ever, in v.hich the services and persons of the Lihere tenentes. the Tencntes 
terras r yerarias. and the Nativi. stood with respect to each oihcr. and to the 
Lord of the roanor. are so distinctly marked, as to leave hut little douht. that 
iu tho>e three classes we have the representatives of the "\')llnni. Rcrdarii. 
and Servi of the earlier apre. under titles of a h'crher order, and which less 
plainly indicated the servile character of the services which were due : to be 
3 Tenant of any class was probablv a desifrnation more agreeable than that 
of a '\";llain : to hold land '• ad operationem."' and bv the tenancy of labour, 
and to be an Operarlu?. might bean appellation, as superior to that of Bor- 
fiariu-. as that of Nativus manifestly is to that of Servus or Slave. 

Ui dcr the Manorial svstem all the tenants performed pra?dial services ; 
b'.it Ire hicrher was the rank of the tenant, the fewer services were due. 

It would seem, that the lord of a mancr had originallv the ricrht to 
the assistance of all his tenants in cultivating the Demesne, and gathering 
in the produce at the Precariae or Boon days, being the three seasons. — of 
harvest, and of the an.tun.nal and lenten ploughing and sowing. The 
Can'-y- of St. Paul's, who, as is ?hiev.n in the Exchequer Domesday, held 
the ?*Ianor of Barnes, as part of the Archiepiscopal Manor of ]\Iortlake. 
were bound either bv themselves or their tlrmarius to plcigh four acres of 
the Archbishop's land and to find men to attend one Precaria (see page 
10-3V whilst their own Tenants on that ]\Tanor performed for them similar 
services. In differejit manors of St. Paul's the services due on these 
days were in some degree varied. At Kensworth the service of rtoping 
and plousrhing was limited to two davs, at each of the three seasons; and if 
the second dav"s service was demanded, the labourer's food was furnished by 
th.e lord. At Sandon and at Beauchamp the lord's right was limited to one 
dav. and he found food. At V\'ickam, the service appears to have been 
lim.ited to digging the ground for the crop of fiax. gathering it. and steep- 
insr it. and carrying it home : and also to the furnishing one man from each 
house for three holidays to collect nuts. At Kirkeby some other services, 

1 XT J :< )Di:CTJ UX. .\.\ \l.l 

includinp- trat of thrashing ^eed corn, and supi)lyi:ig carriage, were re- 
quired. At Hevbridge llie '• Libere tenentes " assisted in carrying tlie corn 
to St. Paul's. It will be seen, that the extent of the ploughing, or reaping, 
or of c-jrtage. due at tlic Boon dnvs. ii defined in tlic SurNey of \---'2, with 
some slight difference; on dill'iic;:! manors ; but, since it is evident 
the highest classes of tenants did not pc rform prandial services at any other 
periods of the year than those of the Precaria? or P/Oon days, and that not 
even the "Libere tenentes '" were exempt from them, we conclude that all 
the tenants who performed onlv these services v.ere of the first class, though 
not distinctlv so designated, and that thev are the representatives of that 
order of tenants who were at the Conquest called " Villani." 

With respect to the te:;ants of the manors wijo were inferior to the 
" Libere tenentes." viz. tiie Operarli and Cotarii, the Pnquisitions of St. 
Paul's supply the fullest proof, that the distinctive character of their services 
consisted in the obligation to }'erfonn prandial labour upon the demesne lands, 
not onlv at the Boon davs. but during every week of the year, the holiday 
weeks at Christmas, Easter, and Pentecost excepted. The name by which 
this class of tenants was in some cases distinguished from the " Libere 
tenentes," was that of " Custumarii." The customs of the different manors 
were not uniform as respects these tenants ; but generally iheir weekly labour 
varied according to the pcidcd of the vear. being the least from ?Jichaelmas 
to Pentecost, after that increasing from Pentecost to the feast of St. I'eter 
ad Vincula (Aug. 1), and being greatest from that time till Michaelmas. 
At Sandon, during these periods, the Ojieravii upon each hali-virgate supplied 
labour for two, four, and five davs. .-\t Kadendon the Colani laboured 
thrice a week from Michaelmas to August, and from that period avery 
day but Saturday : but at Ardley their labour was limited to Monday, and 
to the services of carrying, and driving swine to Londuii. V\ c observe, in 
conclusion, that although we have failed, either to discover the exact differ- 
ence between the Cotarii and other 0))erarii. or to explain the meaning of 
the title Bordarius. it has yet been shown, that the Operarii and Cotarii were 
suljject to demands of labour and oilier payments, on the part of the lord, 
far greater than those due frona the tenants of the higher classes ; and there 
being no evidence of their being compelled to perform those services in 
person, or of iheir being forbidden to live away from the nianor, it follows, 
that they occupied the naiddle rank between the " Libere tetienle?," who^e 


services were occasional, and those of the Servi or Nativi. who could never 
leave the so:", vsithout the license of the lord. 

Prjedial service, or, as it might be termed, '•agricultural labour,'" was 
the ler.ure. ii::ctr which lands were generally held of the lords of manors at 
the begir.riir.r of the thirteenth century: if land were licld bv pavment of 
money there is very frequently direct evidence of the payment being 
a corrspositicn in lieu of service. It becomes an interesting subject of 
inquiry, in what age this kind of agricultural society had its origin, whether 
ir was of the Anglo-Norman or the Anglo-Saxon period. Upon this point, 
scanty as is tne information we obtain from the Exchequer Domesdav. com- 
pared with the voluminous character of that record, the instances which tliere 
occur of pr?ec;al tenures are sufficientlv numerous, even though unsup- 
ported by o:her evidence, to justify the conclusion, that they existed, as 
pans cf the manorial svstem. pridr to the time of th.e Confessor. It must 
be admitted, that this notice of pra?dial tenures is confined to a few counties, 
Gloucester, Hereford, Worcester, and Chester; but since the general 
description of the tenantry of those counties is in perfect accordance with 
that of the rest of England, Homines, "\'illani, Bordarii, Cotarii, and Servi 
ex!stli;g everywhere, there is ample ground for the conjecture, that services, 
such as were performed by tenants in those counties, were also due from 
tenants of the same class elsewhere. 

In the Exchequer Survey of the County of Gloucester (fol. 163, 166), 
we ficd a class of •' Liberi homines,"' with the peculiar appellation l^adche- 
nislri, who ploughed and harrowed at the court of the lord. The most 
remajkable notice of them is that in the Survey of the Manor of Der- 
beste, pan cf the possessions of St. Peter's Westminster. " De terra 
hujus manerii tenebant Piadchen', id est, liberi homines, tempore Regis 
Edwardi. qui tamen omnes ad opus donrini arabant et herciabant et falcabant 
et metebant." There were twelve or more tenants of this order holding as 
much as oi::e and two hides each. In the Survey of the Manor of Che- 
mesege, in the County of Worcester, (fol. 172 b.) an exemption from that 
predial service which consisted in attendance upon the Precaris or Boon 
days, seems to be implied in the words " excepto rustico opere, sicut deprecari 
poterat a p— ceposito ;"' obligation to this service being on the other hand 
implied in a corresponding phrase (fol. I74a): " Deserviebant sicut ab 
episcopo deprecari poterant." The tenants of the lands of St. Peter's West- 


minster, in Worcestershire, performed the fo;lov,)ng services (fol. 174 b) : — 
At Brigstchnistune the Villani and Bordarii rlcughed and sowed six acres 
with their own seed ; at Aicbintune six Coliberti performed the like services 
upon twelve acres, ar.d two tenants. Dnnniijg and Brictric — one holdins- 
four, the other three, hides of land, mowed in the lord's meadows, hv 
custom, one dav. At Longedune. in the time of the Confessor, nine " Liberi 
homines," who held eighteen hides of lands, mowed in the meadows one dav, 
and did service as they were enjoined. Ti.e "Radmani" (probably the 
Radchenistri) performed the same service at Poiwic : the phrase " scrviebant 
sicut alii liberi homines" occurs also several time=. To the manor of 
Wicelbold (fol. 176 b), which belonged to Earl Godwin, there were attached 
thirteen burgesses in Wick. *• Secantes duobus diebus in Augusto et Marcio 
et curiff," The account of the number of acres ploughed 
and sown with their own wheat bv the ter.ants of the Koval Manor of 
Leominster, in the County of Hereford, (fol. 179.) is remarkable, as beins: 
a double return, not only as is customary of the number of tenants of all 
classes at the two periods, the time of the Confessor and of the Conqueror, 
but also of the number of acres so^vD at both periods, being at the earlier 
140, and at the later period 125 acres. There were also twentv-five 
hides of land which, T. R. E.. were appendant to that manor, but which, 
T. R. W., had been apportioned amongst twelve or m.ore Norman chiefs, who 
were tenants in capite. The rents which were payable for these lands to 
the Manor of Leominster, T. R. E., are enumerated (fol. 180 b). There 
is some little obscurity in the terms of the return, which makes it doubtful 
whether these rents continued to be paid : but it would seem that, whether 
the ancient services w ere then rendered or not, there had been an obliga- 
tion upon the tenants to perform work for two days. The last and most 
interesting account which we have to produce from the Exchequer Survey 
(fol. 269 b), in illustration of the early existe.'^.ce of prc'pdial services, simular 
to those of later times, is one which relates to a large tract of country lying 
between the Ribble and the Mersey, comprising five hundreds, Derby, 
Kewton, Walintune, Blackburn, and Layland. which contained 188 manors, 
but which were esliniated to hidage at no mcrc' than ninety-nine hides, the 
Royal Manors being those which gave the names to the hundreds. More 
than thirty Thanes held manors within the Royal Manor of Derby. The 
customs upon which thev were held are fuhv enuiaerated, the particular 


custom which elucidates our present inquiry being tills, thai everv thane 
was bound, on one day in August, to send Ijis reapers to cui xhc cvoi)S of 
the King. In the Hundred and 'Manor of Newton the free men (liberi 
homines) had the same customs as tlie n;en of Derbv: but the labour 
ser\-ice was greater, being two d;-ys" reaping in the Royal farms (culturis) 
instead of one. Salford and Layland lay at the greatest distance: and it is 
specially recorded of the men of those manors, that their '• consuetudints " 
were the same with those of Derby, &c., with this cxcej^tion, that did 
not perform work "ad aulam Regis," nor reap in the month of August. 
The whole contents of the Boldon Book, or Survey of the Manors of the 
Bishoprick of Durham, in 1182. published in the A])ppix;x to Domesdav,* 
might be quoted in proof of prsedial services performed in the north of 
England most closely resembling those of the south in 1.22 : and when it 
is considered how remote tlie dioceses of Durham and London are from 
each other, there seems no other method of accounting for such a similarity 
in the occupation of land and the relations of tenants to their lords, except 
on the supposition of a common origin, in some fundamental princijile of 
law. antecedent possibly by centuries to the time when we f rst find mention 
of them, as legal rights and legal duties. 

The inference to be drawn from this comparison of the praedial services, 
due in the thirteenth century from tenants of manors, v.ith the services 
recorded in the Exchequer Domesday, is scarcely of less extent than this ; 
that the social condition of England, as respects the relation between land- 
lord and tenant, which we find exemplified in the inanorial history of the 
thirteenth century, is of Anglo-Saxon character and origin : and that the 
Norman Conquest, in creating a numjber of povrerful barons, and depressin"- 
the Anglo-Saxon thanes, did not alter the relation between the owner and 
the occupier of the soil, which had existed for several centuries. Nor does 
this conclu-ion rest upon the Exchequer Domesdav alone. 

In the "• Ancient Laws and Institutes of England " there is a remarkable 
document, entitled, " Rectitudines Smgularum Personarum,'' v^hich presents 
to us an enumeration of the several classes of persons employed on a 
domain, of the services to be rendered by each, and of the reciprocal duty 
of the lord to those engaged on his land. The place assigned to it bv the ' 
learned Editor is betweeon the laws of Cnut and those of Edv\-ard the Con- 

* Vcl. I. p. 431. 

iNTnoDucTiox. xxxi 

fessor. Manv of the usage? thoroin mentioned are not pcrfe'-.-tlv under- 
stood : but tlio general character of the services described in the " Recti- 
tiicines." so clostly corresponds uith the services which the St. Paul's 
DoHjesday states to be due from different classes of the tenar.:rv. as to 
render it almost certain, that the " Rcctitudines " reyjrcscnt ci;!v an older 
form of the same national institutions, the character of which, as afterwards 
roodined, is so plainly described in the records of the twelfth and thirteenth 
centiiries. Tiie first part of this document relates to four classes of persons, 
and treats of Thanes law, Geneates right, Cotsellan right, and Gebures right ; 
the services of the three latter classes being all praedial, and being distin- 
c-ulshed from each other either as occasional, or as being continued 
thro;.£-hout the whole year, on one or more davs of trie week. The Geneate, 
the Kotsetle, and tlie Gebur. appear to represent the "\hllani, Cotarii, and 
Borcarii of the Exchequer Domesday, though placed in a different order 
of precedence. In the list of services due from the Geneate or "N'illanus, 
there are many which are not found iu the Records of the St. Paul's 
manors to be due from the Liberi homines, whom we considered to be 
identified with the 'MUani of Domesday : and vet, when the Geneate is said 
to be bound "averiare." "summagiimi ducere," " metere et falcare,"' "stabili- 
tatein observare," " edificare ct circumsepire," just as the Hidarius of Hor- 
lock was bound, " falcare unam acram prati,"' " metere in autumno 
iii. f.cras," &c. " invenire in autumno iii. carros," '■ portare clausuram de 
parco et claudere vi. perticatas circa curiam,'' " facere bovariam ad suum 
cihum proprium," " de maireno domini, quod scindent et parabunt et caria- 
bunt, innovare granarium," the resemblance is so striking as to leave little 
doubt of the identity of the two classes from whom the same services were 
due. The accuracy of the conclusion is still more apparent, when the 
services of the " Geneate/" which were occasional, are contrasted with the 
daily services throughout the year, described in the Rcctitudines as due 
frorr. the two inferior classes, the Cotsetles and the Geburi. The Cotsetle 
worked for his lord every Monday ; in some places his labour in the month 
of August was limited to three days, but in others it extended to the whole 
month, and it his privilege to hold five acres of land, more or l^s, 
according to the custom of the place. The Gebur's service was more ex- 
tensive ; he never worked less than two days in the week, and that through- 
out the whole year, and in addition to this service he liad pavmeni? to make 


of various kinds ; these services beii)g the counterpart of tliO^e of the tenaKts 
of Ardlev (p. 27). v.ho laboured every Monday (and v.ho at Castle Ccmbe 
vere termed Monday men), of the Operarii at Sandou (p. IS). %vho held 
five acres, ai.d of the other tenants upon all the manors of St. Paul's v,ho 
vrere bound to cor:stant weeklv service. The Gebr.r ar.d the Goueate 
existed as distinct orders at so early a period as the reign of Ina (Laws 6; 
19. 22) ; that the prsedial services, de-cribed in the " Piectitudices '" as due 
from them, vrere of as great anticuitv as the orders themselves, is probable 
from the repeated mention in the '• Rectitudines "' of the great variety of the 
services, dependant upon local custom ; and which may be attributed to the 
proo'ress of time modifving the customs, as well as to differences existir.g in 
a remote age. 

We conclude with rem.arking, that, if prior to tlie Conquest not 
onlv the duties of the labouring classes, but, as appears in the " Pa-ctitu- 
dines,'' the Thanes' law also, was well defined, and yet so varied, that from 
different lands the King could demand greater services, it becomes further 
probable, that in an age in which personal and prsedial rights were described, 
the names of those, from whom they were due, were described also ; and 
although we mov be disinclined to give credit to the statement of Ingulfus, 
that Alfred caused the divisions of his kingdom to be enrolled in a book 
resembling the Exchequer Domesday, we may yet be willing to accept the 
references, which are made in the '' Liber Evidentiarum ?Nlonast. S. Augijstini 
Cactuariensis '" (Bibl. Arundel, SIO) in four separate instances, to a 
Domesdav of Saint Edward, as indicating, that the survey of the Conqueror 
had its precedent in the previous age, and. as would appear from the 
Exchequer Domesdav itself, that the jurors of the hundreds performed a 
work in making their returns, which was not altogether new to then..* 

Manorial property was a possession differing in many respects from what 
is now called landed estate. It was not a breadth of land, which the lord 
might cultivate or not as he pleased, suffer it to be inhabited, or reduce it 
to solitude and waste ; but it was a dominion or empire, within which the 
lord was the superior over subjects of different ranks, his power over them 
not being absolute, but limited bv law and custom. The lord of a manor. 
who had received bv grant from the crown, saca and soca. tol and team, 
kc. was not merely a proprietor, but a prince; and his courts were not only 
* See Gentleman's Magaaine, .^pril, 1852, p. S69. 

i>'TKOUUCTiox. xxxiii 

courts of law, but frequently of criminal ji3?tice. The demesne, the cssised, 
and the wa?te lands were his ; but the usufruct of the assised lands belonged, 
on conditions, to the tenants, and the waste lands were not so entirely his, 
that he could exclude ;be tenants from the use of them. It was this double 
capacitv, in which the lord stood to his tenants, as the arlitor of their rights. 
as -svell as the owner of the land, wliich rendered it necessary to the due 
discharge of the dutv of his station, that the lord of a manor should be 
such a person as Fleta describes. Book II. cap. 7], § -2, " Truthful in his 
words, faithful in his actions, a lover of justice and of God, a hater of 
fraud and wrong ; since it most concerns him not to act with violence, or 
according to his o^vn will, but to follow advice, not being guided by some 
voung hanger on, souie jester or flatterer, but by the opinion of persons 
learned in the law, r.'ien faithful and honest, and of much experience.'" 

Manors were petTv rovaiiies: the court and household of the lord re- 
seniblino- in some degree that of the King. In Fleta (II. § 2- It) an account 
is given of the officers of the roval household, the Senescallus Hospitii 
Regis, who held his court in the palace : the Marescallus, the Camerarius, 
the Clericus coquiuce. and Clericus panetarii ; but in the latter part of the 
book, which treats of the management of manors, we find the lord of the 
manor attended bv the Senescallus, who held his courts, by the Marescallus, 
who had the charge of his stud, and by the Coquus, who rendered an 
account of the daily expenditure to the Senescallus. 

Regarded as landed estate, the manorial possessions of the Sovereign 
did not differ from those of bis subjects ; the profits, which were deri\ ed 
to the Crown from the manors, which formed the Terra Regis in the various 
counties, did not d-.ffer from those which the Barons or Bishops, or the Canons 
of St. Paul's derived from the manors in their hands. We have a proof of 
the correctness of this statement in the fact, that the Extenta Mancriorum,''* 
which contains the Articles of Inquiry made by the officers of the Exchequer 
into the condition and value of the royal manors, is the coTintcrpart, both of 
the Articles of Inquiry which Fleta recommends every lord of a manor to 
use for his own information, and also of those which are to be found in tliis 
volume (d. 133), as the Articuli Visitationis Maneriorum, exhibited by the 
Chapter of St. Paul's to their tenants in the year 1290. Wlicthcr a manor 
was held bv a sovereign or bv a subject, there was the same need of subor- 
* Statutes of tbe Realm, vol. I. p. 242. 



dinate aeents to take charge of the territory, to cultivate the demesne, to 
exact the rents and services of the tenants, to gather in the produce, to 
transport it to the palace of the sovereign, or the chief residence of the 
lord, and to render an account of expenditure and receipt ; and it must be 
evident, that if the manors of any of the nobility approached in number to 
the manors of the crown, the n;:mber of their officers must have approached 
in number to the officers of the Exchequer. As respects the royal manors, 
the Ballivus of the hundred appears to have accounted to the Vicecomes 
of the county, who rendered his account to tliC Treasurer and Barons of 
the Exchequer, a court which had the power to compel any of the debtors 
of the Crown to render a just account. The statute law however authorised 
the lords of manors to constitute for themselves a court, with powers over 
their debtors or officers of account scarcely less than those of the Exchequer. 
By sec. xxiii. of the Provisiones of Hen. III., repeated in the Statutes of 
^Marlborough 52 Hen. HI. sec. xxiii., and strengthened by the Statutes of 
the Exchequer,* power given to lords of manors to assign to their 
sergeants, bailiffs, chatnberlains, and other receivers. Auditors of accounts, 
which Auditors could commit to jail any person, certified by them to be in 
arrear as to their account, there to remain in irons, at their own cost, until 
they had fiillv satisfied their lords in respect of their arrears. 

For the management of the legal business of a manor, the collection of 
the revenue, and the cultivation of the demesne, the lord required three 
officers, the Senescallus, the Ballivus. and the Prjepositus. 

The Senescallus (who is represented in modern times by the Steward of 
courts) is described in Fleta ii. 72, as the Senescallus Communis :+ because, 
as it appears, the several manors, which belonged to his lord, were all com- 
mitted to his care, though it was not expected, that he should alwavs per- 
form his duty in person, nor oftener than was requisite for him to become 
fully acquainted with the manors. The person proper to be appointed to 
this office was one. who, having all the moral qualities of faithfulness, 

* Statutes of the Realm, vol. I. pp. 11, 24. 197. 

f In a book of .St. Paul's, mnrktd P, no longer extant, but of which a table of con- 
tents is given in Dean Lystux's Catalogue, a.d. 1447, there was this entry : — " Item 
de officio et e.xhibilione Commucis Servientis, et quod ijise debet exercere jurisdictionem 
temporalem Decani et Capituli." 


sobrietv, and discretion, wa? well acquainted with tlie law and customs of 
the country (provincia) and with the nature of bis office, in order to main- 
taiuinar the rights of his lord, and iL'-tructing tlie under bailiffs in all their 
errors and doubts. It was his dz-y to hold the manorial courts, and 
generally to be acquainted with every particular relative to tlie manor, its 
extent; its cultivation, the number of teams and the condition of the stock, 
the conduct and behaviour of the bailiffs, the fines, ainerccments, reliefs, 
heriots, offerings, and sales, and the persons who have received such monies 
— and so also of wardships and mar;".agia — and of injuries or death hajipen- 
ing to the stock. He received aUo the account of the daily expen- 
diture from the various officers o: the household, but no money of any 
kind belonging to the lord came ir 'o his own hands. He was the legal 
adviser of his lord, the judge of his court, the guardian of his rights, and 
the person who was atquainted with every particular, as to the possessions 
and duties of every one connected with the management or cultivation of 
the manor. There were no rights cr duties of which the Court of Exche- 
quer took cognisance on the part of the King, of which, on a smaller scale, 
the .Senescallus had not also cognisai:ce on the part of the lord, the tenants 
of the manor standing in a relation to the lord, analogous to that in which 
tenants in capite and others stood to the Crown. 

Next in order to the Senescallus stood the Ballivus That he an 
officer of authority mny be gathered from the mention made of him at 
Barling (p. 66), as directing the labour of one of the operarii ; and at 
Nastok (p. 75) as surveying the wit.dfall timber. He is also described (at 
p. 86) as the Ballivus manerii. who attended at the hundred court twice in 
the vear to perform service for th-:- manor of Chingford ; and it is also 
probable, that he is the officer, who as Serviens or Bedellus curia? directed 
the application of the labour of the tenants on the same manor (p. SB and 
89). But for the fuller account of Lis duties we must again refer to Fleta 
(c. 73). from whom we learn, that though generally charged with the cultiva- 
tion of the lands of the demesne, his chief labour and responsibility consisted 
in a diligent superintendence and ir:,spection of the works of ploughing, 
mowinn-, reaping, carrying. &c. whic:; were due frc'm the tenants, and to be 
performed bv them ; in taking care t: sum.mon all the teams, and to prevent 
their casting off, before thev had y crrormed their day's work, to measure 
the work done, and to ascertain whe-her it was good. Upon the Ballivus 


lay the duty, not only of ploughing the lands by the labour of the tenants, 
but also of getting in the seed: and the task was one, which manifestly 
required the utmost vigilance, when thev who ploughed the lands; and 
provided to a great extent the seed required; were not paid for their labour, 
and had no interest in ploughing and sowing lands to increase the profit of 
the lord at their expense. If the Ballivus had power to exact the labour, 
he had also every opportunity to harass the tenants in the discharge of his 
oflfice ; and therefore Fleta includes amongst the qualifications of the Balli- 
vus not onlv truthfulness, diligence, fidelity, and knowledge of the ordinary 
laws pertaining to his ofiice, but also '• quod sit ita Justus, quod ob vin- 
dictam vel cupiditatem non .quajrat versus tenentes Domini, vel aliquos sibi 
subcitos. occa^ir.res irjuit.'is. per quas destrui (destringi ?) deberent seu 
graviter amerciari." 

In the lists of the jurors prefixed to the Inquisitions of the IManors 
of St. Paul's in li:'22 we find frequent mention of the Prsepositus, at 
Kadendon. Sandun, Chingeford, Sutton, and Bernes. From the Survey of 
1:279 we learn, that certain of the tenants were compellable to accept this 
ofBce ; that it was an annual office ; and that whilst performing its duties 
the tenant was exonerated from other services ; and from Fleta, (c. 76) 
that the Prff>poiitns was elected by the "\'illata, presented to the lord, 
or to his steward, and by him invested vrithout delay in the office. 
His duties were supplements rv to those of the Ballivus : he shared v.ith 
him in exacting the services of the teams, and getting in the seed : but 
besides this he had the care of the manure of the farmyard, and the 
spreading it upon the land ; and to see that those, whose duty it was to 
cart the manure, performed each day the labour which was due. Besides 
oiher duties, he had tl e superintendence of the cattle, the horses, oxen, 
and cows, and also of the buildings and dead stock of the manor. We 
might, perhaps, term him the " foremian "' of the labourers ; and. as elected 
bv the villata. the protector of his fellows, in that he adjusted or 
settled, in conjunction with the Ballivus, the amount of labour to be 
exacted from the *cnants. or to be compounded for in money ; for we read 
in Fleta (q. Id ) that it was the durv of the Pra'positus every week to 
calculate with the BailiS' ti.e customs (consuetudines) of the week, and keep 
a tally of the davs' works, that so the arrears of the days' works might be 
ascertained, and. being co:i\erteJ into monev-pavmcnt, the re^x■nue of the 

INTRODUCTION. '-■i^.v^l^l^-^XXXVll 

lord might be increased. The Pra^positus had also charge of the granary, 
to deliver by tallies corn to be baked, and malt to be brewed, and the 
bran and pollard to be used in making bread for the domes-tics, and in 
feeding the teams and the dogs It would be foreign to the purpose of this 
Preface, to exhibit more fully the description given by Fleta of the internal 
condition of a manor, and the method of it? cultivation; enough, however, 
may have been adduced to explain the relation, in which the tenants of 
manors stood to their lords, as cultivators of the demesne lands, and to 
show, how intricate must have been the system of account between the lord 
and the tenants, with lands minutely divided amongst a perpetually-varying 
tenantry ; and also how dependent the lords were, upon the faithfulness of 
their Senescalli, Ballivi, and Pra?positi. 

It appears then, that a ]\Iancr was both a Seignory and also a Farm; a 
Seignory, as respected the occupiers of the lands held by the payment of 
services, rents, reliefs, and heriots ; and a Farm, as respected the demesne 
lands ; the SenescalluSj or Steward, being the representative of the lord and 
the judge of the manorial courts ; and the Ballivus being the officer, who 
exacted the services due from the tenants for the cultivation of the demesne. 
In the case of a lord posses'^ing only a single manor, it is obvious that, 
though he was the chief of many tenants, his wealth consisted only in the 
produce of a portion of the land, and the annual or occasic nal payments of 
the tenants ; and if we might suppose that, in the earlier diviiion of the 
Anglo-Saxon kingdoms into manors, each m.anor bad its separate lord, the 
lords, as a body, would have been scarcely so wealthy as the ordinary 
class of country gentlemen of our time. Such, we may gather from the 
Exchequer Domesdav, were the Thanes of the time of the Confessor, whose 
lands and manors were conferred by the score and the hundred upon the 
Norman chiefs, whom William brought with him into England, and \s)xo 
formed a Baronial nobility, fewer by far in number than the Anglo-Saxon 
Thanes, but greatly exceeding that of the Anglo-Saxon Earls. The Norman 
lord, on becoming the owner of fifty manors and dispossessing the fifty 
thanes, does not appear to have altered the character and relation of the 
tenants ; the Villani and Bordarii and Cotarii and Servi remained in the 
same position, transferring to the u-e of one chief lord the services and 
customs before paid to the several owners, who had been dispossessed. 

It has been before observed, that maiiorial property, wlietiier belonging 


to secular persons or to ecclesiastical bodies, was identical in its character, as 
regarded the rights of the lord, the ser\ices of the tenants, and the general 
method of culture. The lords of manors, whether lavmen or clergymen, were 
equallv dependent upon the seasons, for the extent of their crops and the 
realization of their incomes. Against this uncertainty the lavman, who had 
no interests to consult, but those of himself and his family, could easily pro- 
vide ; but not so the dean and canons of a cathedral, v.ho had to furnish a 
fixed stipend and certain allowances from day to day for a large number of 
ministers and servants, forming a household of no inconsiderable extent : 
the want of maintenance would be at once the disorganisation, if not the 
dissolution, of the body. It was therefore necessary, that arrangements 
should be made, for drawing from the estates of the cathedral a permanent 
income and definite quantities of produce, and bv a sacrifice of a portion of 
the whole value of the estates to secure the remainder as a fixed and 
constant revenue. For this purpose it appears that, after appropriating 
certain lands, as prebends, for the support of each of the thirty Canons, the 
remaining manors of the cathedral were formed into a separate stock, 
denominated the " Communa." the management of which was the joint 
care of the resident members of the Chapter, as the separate prebends were 
of each of the Canons. Everv manor of the Communa was placed " ad '' in the hands of a -Firmarius;" who exercising all the rights, 
and performing all the duties of the Chapter, as the Lord of the Manor, took 
to his own use all the profits of the manor which were over and above the 
" firmae," which it was his dut v to render, and which consisted of certain money- 
payments and so many quarters of wheat, oats, and barley. The Firmarius 
held a beneficial lease. The Anglo-Saxon noun peoj-me is not " a farm," but 
"food;" and the verb peoj-mian is not to "farm or cultivate," but "to 
supply with food ; " and the " firmarius " was so termed, not because be 
cultivated the land, but because he was bound to furnish j:eo]^me or food 
of a certain amount for the supply of the cathedral body.* 

It is probable, that this mode of letting to farm the lands of monasteries 
and conventual bodies was in existence under the Anglo-Saxon kings : and 

* K firrna might be rendered in produce or monev, as was the case in the 
manor of Belchamp (see p. 129), and hence the word_/?r7?ta acquired a secondary sense, 
and in process of time an estate "farmed " meant onlv an estate "rented." ;See 
Spelman, in voce Firma.) 



that \vhenevcr a mancr is des- 
victu rnonachorum," the term 
rnanner a purvev or of food to t 
not supplv us with infc-nr.ation 
time of Dean Wulmar:, who 
London, who wa> co25ecruted 

Lists of tlie " firmse/' as fur: 
are contained in Book L. : but 
firmae at the end of the ihirtee: 
to exhibit the earlier arid the 
out not only the specific cht 
for a household for weeks a: 
ber of the firm^. which in the 
three weeks, but afierwards of 

:ribed in the Exchequer Domesday as " de 
LTjplies. that the manor was in an especial 
i'e monastery. The records of St. Paul's do 
upon this subject of an earlier date than the 
^as contemporary with Maurice, Bishop of 
iz 10S5. 

Li~hed bv the different manors at two periods, 
I'uat in the " Statuta Majora " represents the 
::h century. ^Ve have thought it convenient 

later lists in parallel columns, as pointing 
racter of a " firma " as food or provision 
:i days, but also the alteration of the num- 

earlier times were a supply of nearly fifty- 
ciiiv forty-five. 

Bojk L. Fol. 1. 

Tempore Wuimanni Dt-iani. 

Berna reddidit .... 

Suttona reddidit 

Cingeford reddidit 

Draituna reddidit 

Nasastocha *" Edwini reddidit 

Nasastocha Aldwini reddid:': 

Runwella reddidit 

Saudona Roda Luffeiitida reddidit 

Ardlfcia reddidit 

Barlinga reddidit 

Cadendona reddidit . 

TillingLam reddidit . 

"NVicbam reddidit 

Nortuna reddidit 

Belobam reddidit 

Tidwoldeiituna reddidit 

Toiil . 

SlATfTA ]\] 


Circa a.d. 




Berne? solvit 

. 3 



Sutton solvit 




Chiiigeford solvit 




Draiton solvit . 




Xastok solvit 

. 3 



Sandon solvit 



Ardleia solvit 



Barling solvit 



Cadendona solvit 



Tillingham solvit 




'Wicham solvit . 





Beaucham solvit 



Tidvvoldentun solvit 




* The manor of Neveitocl; is so divided in the Excliequer Domesday. In the reign 
of Henry I. the divisio.-. t;d ceased. See t;.e Inquisition of Nastock, p. 144, 


This appropriation of the manors of a cathedral to furr.ish a weekly 
supply of food, rcav be considered as an illustration of the notices, which 
perpetually recur in the Exchequer Domesday, of articles of produce, as 
well as sums of money, received from manors and counties under the 
denominstion •• firma noctis," £nd " firma diei." Sir lie'.iry Ellis, m h:s In- 
troduction to Domesday, p Ixxii.. enumerates thirty-one manors as rendering- 
such firma? to the crown in the time of the Confessor. From the fact that 
the manors in the counties of Wihshire, Dorsetshire, and Somersetshire, 
then subject to the firman were not only royal manors, but specially de- 
scribed as haviufr never paid "geld,"" and in some instances its being unknown 
to the jurors how manv hides the mianor contained, it maybe fairly inferred, 
that those manors were the inhe.^itance of the Anglo-Saxon kings ; and though 
from those alone, in the time of the Confessor, produce was supj'lied equal 
to the maintenance of the royal housel-old for only a few nights or days, it is 
probable that in still more ancient times the like provision v,as made for 
the whole year, according to the practice existing a century later in the 
cathedral of St. Paul. The amount of produce constituting the "firma 
unius noctis '" is not mentioned : but the sum paid by the county of Oxford, 
as a "firma"" for three nights, was one hundred and fifty pounds. And 
though, at first sight, the expenditure of so large a sum as fifty pounds 
(equal in weight to 150/. of our present silver coinage, and in value to ten 
or twelve times that sum) in a single night, would be scarcely credible : si ill. 
upon supposition, that these were the greater "firma;" expended at the 
o-reat festivals, when the King was surrounded by all his earls, and thanes, and 
bishops, and dispiaved his hospitality to the Court, and feasted the people of 
a city or town, the amount would hardly seem excessive, even supposing 
that the 50/, passed at once into the Royal Exchequer, unimpaired by fees 
and perquisites to the officers. 

The comiimtation into money rent of that fixed quantity of the produce 
of a manor, which was to be rendered in kind, was a process as natural as it 
was convenient ; and it would appear, that a " firma" paid in money w-as at 
one time distinguished by the term " firma alba.'" It is probable, that many 
of the manors belonging to the Conqueror paid their rents to the Ex- 
chequer in monev. and not in kind ; and yet the custom of rendering the 
firma- in kind was still so common, that the author of the " Liber Niger 
Scaccarii '" (quoted bv Spelman, in voce Firma). relates it, as the tradition of 

iyTRODrCT]0>'. xli 

his \\me, that in the primitive condition of llie kingdom afler tlie Conquest. 
provisions, and not gold or silver, were paid to the kiiigs from their hinds, 
out of whicli distribution was made of necessaries for tlie dailv use of the 
royal houseliold ; payment from other sources, and fw other purjioscs, 
being in money. The practice continued during the whole of the reign of 
William, and dov.-n to the tin:e of Hcnrv his son; the same author stating. 
that he had been acquainted with persons, who had themselves seen those 
provisions brought, at fixed times, from the estates of the king to the 
palace. Rents appear to have been paid in kind to the Chapters, for some 
time after tVicy ceased to be so paid to the Exchequer. The general un- 
willingness of churchmen to of change, would be of itself sufficient to 
account for the continuance of a system of pavment, after it had fallen else- 
where into desuetude ; even had there not been found in the cathedral body 
a class of persons, namelv, the Firmarii, who derived a personal benefit 
from the ancient system, and whose relation to the Cathedral, as well as the 
duties incumbent upon them, we shall now describe. 

The earliest record of a manor belonging to St. PauVs being let to farm 
relates to the manor of Barnes, which in the vear 1108 was leased to two 
brothers, William and Walbertus, for the term of their lives, for a gift of 
ten shillings, and at the annual rent of eight pounds and a sextarius of wine. 
(See p. 127.) A lease of the manor of Cadendon was granted to Baldewin 
the son of Hnrro, one of the canons of the church, prior to the year 113S, 
Willielnuis the Dean, who died in that year, having been a witness to the 
execution of tlie lease. (See p. li*4.) The leases of Runwell and .•\dulves- 
nasa (see page l-o). the one to Richard the Archdeacon, the other to William 
of Occhendon, are of as early a date as 1 1 50; but whether this William de 
Occhendon, as well as one Hunifridus Bucvinte. who at that time held a lease 
of Kensworth (see page 12:^), were Canons of the Cathedral is uncertain. 
The Inquisition of 11 SI (see p. Ill) records the names of all the Firmarii 
of the manors at that period, of whom Nicholas de Sigillo. Ricardus Ruffus. 
Gilbertus, William Archdeacon of Gloucester, and Nicholas Archdeacon of 
London, were Canons of the Cathedral; but whether Hubertus Archdeacon 
of Canterburv. who was the Firrnarius of Cadendon and Kensworth, Robert 
de Fulham., ^^'lJliam and Theoccric, Oco de Dammartino, Johannes de Ma- 
regni, and Johannes, who held ^^'icha^:, Tiliingham. Norton, Nastock, and 
Bernes respectively to farm, were also Canons, dots not apj)ear. The same 

CAMD. SOC. (/ 

xlii ]NTi:OL)UCTi«>X. 

remark is r.pplicaMc al^o to the FirrearJi of \he manors in 122:2, but with 
this addition, tliat ^ome relatives of the canons appear to liave been lessees, 
the ]ea=e conlinning in tlic same family for niore tlian a single generation. 
Thus v,-e fi!id ^^"ill;am de Burnham holding '.he Manors of Beauchamp and 
Adulve-n;>sa. which had been held bv Alardus de Burnham the Dean; and 
John de d'no Martino lield the manor of Norton, which Odo de d'no Mar- 
tino had before held ; and .Tohannes de Marinis was in 1181 Firrnarius of 
Xastock. prior to which time Hugo de Marinis was Dean. A century 
later, in 1315 (the Deanery was then vacant), all the manors were held 
to farm bv the following Canons: — 1. liichard de Xeuport, Archdeacon of 
.Middlesex, held two manors, Adulvesr.asa and Chingford; 2. Richard de 
Gravesend, the Treasurer, h.eld four, Cadendon with Kensworth, Ardeleyj 
and Runw.U: 3. Robert de Clothall. the Chancellor, had Barling; 4. 
Thomas de Northficet h;:d Drayton: 5. Tiiomas de Cobham had Bernes 
and Wicham ; 6. lienricus de Saracenls had Sandon with Norton and 
Tillincham ; 7. Walterus de Thorp had Sutton ; 8. Johannes de Ditton had 
Beauchamp: 9. Wilhain de Chadelshunt had Nastok ; and 10. Robert de 
Baldock had Heybrigge. 

It would be foreign to our present subject to explain in detail the labo- 
rious services during a year of probation, by which Canons of St. Pauhs 
became Residentiaries ; it v.-ill be sufficient to rea^ark, that of the Thirty 
Canons onlv a part were Residentiaries, that the number continually varied, 
that at the Reformation not m.ore than three or four of the Canons qualified 
themselves for the office, and that during the thirteenth and fourteenth 
centuries the Residentiary Canons, or, as they were also termed, the Stagiarii, 
were without exception the Firmaiii of the ?iIanors. In the year 1283, 
when the Deanery was vacant by the translation of Thomas de Ingoldes- 
thorp to the bishoprick of Rochester, Ralph de Baudake, then Archdeacon 
of ^Middlesex and Canon of the Church, had the lease of Sutton granted 
to him, " ob meritura residentife ;" and there are accounts in later docu- 
ments of meetings of the Residentiaries upon the death or removal of one 
of their bodv, at which each of them, according to their seniority, and 
'•■juxta cursum residentia?," either chose for himself the lease, or declined 
to take it. as each of the manors, which had been held by tl-e late member 
of the Chapter, was submitted to his option. The office of Firmarius was 
a source of wealth, and was limited to those who were Canons of the 

JXTi:oDUCTiox. xliii 

Cathedral, tlie practice of grantiiig manors to farm to otlier person? tlian 
members of the Church having forraerlv led to inconveniences, and en- 
dantrered the property of the Chapter. In the earlier leases we find the 
Chapter taking sureties for the performance of th.c covenants in ihe lease, 
and in s]>ecific terms guarding against the assumjition on the pai't of the 
heirs of the lessee of any hereditary right in the manor. 

The Firraarius on his acceptance of a lease, like the incoming tenant of 
modern times, had the particulars of the estate described to him, and the con- 
dition in which it was to be rendered, at the termination of the lease. It 
must however be borne in mind, that the state of the manors, as respected 
their cultivation, and the quality and quantity of the stock, was not uniform, 
and that accoidir.glv there is cons'.cerable variety in tr.e covenants of the 
leases. When possession was given to the Firmarius by some of the 
canons deputed for that purpose, an inventory was taken of the effects upon 
the estate and a return made in writing to the Chapter, (p. 130. line 4.) 
In the Inventory (x'ihich always formed part of the lease) a minute de- 
scription was given of the mansion and its buildings ; the halla or aula, 
its length and breadth and height, distinguishing the height above the 
tie-beam from that below it : the domus between the halla and the thalamus, 
the height; breadth, and length of each being similarly described, (p. 129, 
line 2.) A mansion of a different construction contained an aula, camera. 
and tresantia, et duee privatse domus. (p. 132, line 1.) In anotlier in- 
stance the hall had on the south " unum aiipendiriura " (p 136, line IS); 
attached to the dwellinr-hou-e were the coquina (kitchen), the bracinium 
(brewery), and the malthouse, the dairy, the henhouse (p. 132), the ba- 
terissa (washhouse), the porcaria (pigstve), the oxshed, the sheepshed, 
the lambhouse. (p. li'9.) 

In the invento.-ies of the live stock in the leases of the twelfth century we 
find oxen valued each at 2*. 4cl. and at 3s. Horses, in one place (p. 122), at 
]0s.. bnt in others at 3.*. (p. 126 ). and also at 5s.. 4s.. and 3.<;'. Sheep at 4c/. ; 
pigs, 5f/., Sd.. and 12d.; a sow with nine pigs, 19c/.; goats at 4d. In six 
plou<^h-tcams, five of them h-iving ten oxen and one only eight, the oxen 
were valued at S.^. each. Besides these, the geese, the cocks, and hens, and 
capons found a place in the Inventory, as well as the old cat and her young 
ones (p. 132); nor were the tables and benches, the pots and pans, the 


lop.den trousli?, bow]?. nnll=; hatchets, and other imjilements of the farm- 
house, omitt'.d. The barns and granges ^-ere all cartfullv enumerated, 
and the length t.nd breadth and height of them were so accuratel)' de- 
scribed, that plans of them rni^ht be drawn from the description. At 
^^"icham ihe largest barn was 55 feet long, but at \VElton there was one 
of 160 feet: and. as the barns were received by the Firmarius more or 
less full of all kinds of grain, he was bound to surrender them in the same 

The lands of the demesne appear generally to have had two parts of them 
sown with winter and spring corn, the remaining third being fallow; and 
as the Firmarius found the land sown with wheat, barlev, oats, beans, or 
peas, or in fallow, so he was to^render them. At Nastock (p. 133). the term 
for which the Firmiarius held the lease expired at Michaelmas, on which 
day he was bound to deliver up the great grange full, on one side of winter 
and on the other side of spring corn, and all the hav of the year, with 
the whole of the course in fallow, forty acres of it being twice ploughed 
(rebinatfe). and folded and manured according to his means. 

The Firmarius, as representing the Chapter, made agreements with the 
tenants for taking lands to rent, which the Chapter was sometimes bound 
by the to confirm (p. 125): in other cases the previous approval of 
the Chapter appears to have been necessary, as may be seen in the articles 
of visitation, (p. 157*.) 

The Churches or parsonages of the manors were frequently included in 
the lease. Thus at p. 1:^8 we read " tradiderunt ei canouici liberam 
ecclesiam ab omni persona,'" without a parson or rector, and in that 
condition it was to be restored. In the INIanor of Adulvesuasa there 
were three churches, at \^"alton, Kirkby, and Thorp ; and it was the con- 
dition, upon which Richard the Archdeacon of Middlesex held them about 
the year 1150 (see page 13f?), that he should keep them free iu his own 
hand, without appointing any parson to any of them, so that on the sur- 
render of the manor into the hands of the Chapter, the churches should be 
found without any parson appointed to them. 

In this way the Firn.arius of the early periods held both the manor 
and the church to farm ; a practice strongly denounced in the prologue to 
the inquisition of the churches belonging to the manors in 1181 (see 


page 146); but as it appears, rather for the sake of preventing temporal 
and spiritual dues from being confounded; to the diminution of the latten 
tlian with the intention of securing the revenues to the officiating clergy. 
The Dean cr.d Chapter kept the parsonages in their own hands, but as is 
stated, thev vrould appoint a vicar; for whose su|>port, if the altarage alone 
was sufficient, with that be was to be content; if it was insufficient, some 
decent addition was to be made at will out of the tithes. All other profits 
of the church, as well as the greater tithes, were to be reserved for the 
Canons, or be let to farm to the chaplains or clerks at an annual rent. 
That lord< of manors, being members of a cathedral, should appropriate 
to the use of their body the tithes of their lands, may not seem so 
much out of course : there is re?son howe^'er to believe, that the lord« of 
manors in general, of that age, were not satisfied with the simple right of 
advowson, and the privilege of norninating a clerk to the church ; and the 
numerous instances, which occur in the Exchequer Domesday, of churches, 
and even parts of churches, valued with the manors, especially in the 
county of Norfolk, seem to indicate, that the revenues of the Church, as well 
as the right of presentation, were in some manner divided to the advantage 
of the lords. 

It appears from the inquisition of 1!S1 (pages 140 — 152), that the 
Canons of St. PauVs derived a revenue from nearlv all the churches of their 
manors, and that it was naid either directly to themselves by some Clericus, 
to whom thev were entrusted, or to their Firmarius. Thus Cadendon paid 
to the car.ons '20s. bj the hands of Rodbert and Rodbert, clerks ; Kens- 
worth 20s. by Augustine the Clerk ; Ardeleia was held by Hamo Clericus, 
and paid three marks and a half; Willesdon paid eight marks, by Germanus 
the Clerk : Tidwoldintun paid 20.<;'. by the hands of Hugo de London. 
Other Churches paid as follows : Sandon. which in the time of King Henry- 
was not in the firma of the manor, and rendered nothing, paid five marks 
to the canons by the hands of Richard the Canon, the Firmarius ; Tilling- 
ham one mark, by the Firmarius ; Barling 20*. ; Nastock GOs., Dravton 
135. 4d., Sutton 10.?., in the manner. The Firmarius derived a reve- 
nue, to hin."iSe;f from the follovs-ing churches: From Waleton 20.<-., from 
Thoip 20.. 

Only three of the Churches had a '' rcrsona," namely, Belchamj), 


Wichuin. aud Runwcll. P;ut there was a " Sacerdos " at Bernes. The 
parson of Belchamp. however, paid a mark to the Firmarius, and the parson 
of Wicham two shilhngs annually to the canons.* 

The privileges and emoluments of the Firmarii, as the leaseholders of the 
manors, and representatives of the Chapter, being thus described, we pro- 
ceed TO irive an account of the '^ firma"" which they rendered. 

Each " firma" at St. Paul's was considered to be the " firma " or food 
for a sino-le week. If a manor rendered several firraffi in the course of the 
rear, it was sometimes agreed that the payment should be wholly in money, 
in which case the " firma"' was said to be " in dcnariis " ; but the firma 
o-enerallv consisted of produce as well as money. In the leases of the 
twelfth cen'iurv wc read, that Wicham was leased for life, on tlie condition of 
paving in the first vear Iviii.'-. iiiicZ and one " par^•a firma panis et cervisire 
cum vii(/. elemosinfe,'' and in the following year two similar firma?, and with 
each fiftv shillings in monev : the firma to be rendered on the feast of St. 
Martin and the Nativity of John the Baptist, being Sunday, or on the 
Sunday preceding. In the lease of Cadendon (p. 124) we read of the 
'• plenaria firma,'' but we have no trace in later documents of the distinction 
between the " plenaria *' and the " parva firma.'" In the same lease we 
find mention of another sum of money, termed "liberatio," which amounted 
to 1/. IQs. 4c/.: the full description of a firma being that in the manor 
of Sandon (p. 134), " firma, in pane et cervisia, et liberatione. et ele- 
mosina. et constantiis pistrini et bracinl.'" the firma in pane et cervisia 
being produce in grain ; the liberatio. money for wages ; the elemosina, 
alms to be distributed at the Cathedral ; and the constant!^ pistrini et 
bracini. a pavnaent for wood to be used in the bakehouse and brewery- 
The reader will bear in mind that this description of the firma is of the 
earlv date of 1150: for the appropriation of the firma? we must refer to the 
Compotus ]^Ianeriorum (p. 153 — 164), which exhibits the number and 
qualitr of the firma?. as paid and received at St. Paul's, at the conclusion of 
the thirteenth century. In that document we find the payment in produce 
distin2"uished from, the monev payments, the latter described as payments 

* In tbe small sums still paid to ibe CatLedrals by tue Incumbents of Parocbial 
Churcbes, under tbe deuoniination of Pensions, we bnvt traces of ownersbip Cicrcised 
bv tbe Lords cf Manors over tbe sjnrituul revenues of the p-risb. 



" ad dents et ad dcr.\im denariuni," and also as " dizonrp,"* or as otherwise 
written " disange ; "' the former as " firmas." A single dizcna amounted to 
three marks (forty shillings) and seven pence, of which two marks and a 
lialf (1/. 13.*. 4^.) was for the libcratio; or nioney payments for wages, half 
a mark (6.v. 8d.) for the constantia pistrini et bracini, i. e. wood for the 
brewery and bakehouse, and the remaining seyen pence for alms. 

The dizena has been thus divided on the authority of the statement 
made in pages loo, 156 ; which shews that after deducting the sums, either 
" ad defectum bracini."" or " ad supplementum," there always remain 
the two marks and a half, 1 /. 13.v. 4d. Thus the payment from Beau- 
champ, 60s. — 1/. 6s. Hd. = il. \oi-. 4d. The payment from Barling, 
40.S. — 6-. Srf. = ]I. ]'3s. 4d. That the half-mark thus described as paid 
ad defectum bracini. or ad supplementum, was for wood used in brewing 
and baking is shown by the statement in p. 160. that with every firma 
Gs. Su. was paid *' ad boscum.'' And it is to be remarked, that tlie pay- 
ments made by Beauchamp twice in the year, of II. Gs. 8d. each, together 
four m.arks, was at the rate of half a mark for each of the eight Sundays, 
on uhich payments were due from that manor. We identify the 1/. 13s. 4d. 
paid every week to be " liberatio," that is, money paid in wages, by an entry 
in the Statuta Majora, (which states that, according to ancient custom, the 
following payments had been made v.etkly to the following persons.) and 
also by an entry in the inquisition of Nastok (Book I. p. 77), where the 
40s. paid by the firmarius is said to be " ad denas yicariorum." 

£ .V. d. 

To the SO Ticars of the 30 Canons 

To the three Minor Canons, and the 
Scriptor Tabulse 

To nine Minor Canons 

To the Sacristan 

To the three Servientes 

To the Hostiarlus 

To the Janitor 

£1 13 4 

The nr.mber of persons who shared the dizena. but in different propor- 
* Tue tteaniiitr of tlie words dizena, and denus denariuf, is doubtful. 

lOf^ each 

= 1 


10c?. each 




od. each 











tions, V.-25 fortv-ninc. Every Sunday in the year, commencing v.itli the 
festival of St. Faith, en the 6th of October, had its dizena, paid by each 
manor in reirular succession, on move or on fewer Sundays, according to 
the asfieement made vrith the Firmarius, and tlie extent of the manor It 
is probable, that in the ancient adjustment of the firraa?, corn was delivered 
every week throughout the year: but at the end of the thirteenth century we 
find tlie firmse. which consisted of wheat, barley, and oats, delivered on no 
more than fortv-five Sundavs of the year, the delivery of the corn com- 
mencing at the same time as that of the dizense, on the festival of St. Faith. 
The manor, hcwever, which paid the dizena in money on the one Sunday 
did not pav the firm.a in produce until the Sunday following, so that for 
the same Sundav the dizena was paid by one manor, and the firma by 

The forry-five were furnished by thirteen manors. Each firma 
consisted of sixteen quarters of wheat, sixteen quarters of oats, and three 
quarters of barlev, the whole quantity delivered in the year being 720 
quarters of wheat. 7i?0 quarters of oats, and 13o quarters of barley, con- 
taining, ad roensuram Fiegis, eight bushels per quarter. In the year 1250, 
the price of wheat being -is. per quarter, of barley 2.'>-' Cd. and oats 20c?. 
the whole value of the corn, aiid other payments, was estimated at 277^. 

It onlv remains, that wes hould give an account of the use which was 
made of the cora thus delivered, of its conversion into bread and beer, and 
its division among the members of the Cathedral. On the west side of the 
street now called Godliman Street stood the bakehouse : it was a large 
building, and its place is still identified by Paul's Bakehouse Yard. The 
brewery probably adjoined it. There was a mill for grinding the corn, 
worked bv hor>es. There were four servants in the bakehouse, three in 
the brewerv, and two st the mill, besides a clerk of the receipts. The 
brewerv and the bakehouse were under the charge of an officer, the Gustos 
Bracini. In 1283 Thomas de Couling, and in 1286 John de Braynford, 
hdd the office : a copv of the Compotus rendered by them in those years, 
recorded in Book I. will be found at p. 165. 

From these document; it appears, that in the year 1283 the number of 
bakings was one hundred and thirty-seven ; they baked at least five times 
in everv fortnis-ht : four quarters of wheat — containing not eight bushels, 
according to the mensura Regis, but seven bushels, ad mcnsuram bracini — 


were ground for each baking. The 'jumbcr of loavci jiroduced was, in 
the whole vear. 40.266. and tlie averasje number from each baking 290. 
We learn from an entry in tlic first page of Book L., that Ailwardus 
Rufus, one of the Canons (Archdeacon of Colchester circa 11.50), Mas 
Custos Bracini and Pistrini, and that in his time the greater loaf of the 
Canons of St. Paul's weighed seven marks, one ounce less, the lesser loaf 
half that weight : but that from the third year before the death of King 
Stephen (in 1154) the greater loaf weighed six marks and a half, the lesser 
three marks and two ounces. The four loaves therefore, which every Canon 
then rectiveG every day, namelx' two large and two small, weighed together '- 
nineteen marks and a half; and, the mark being eight ounces, or two-thirds 
of the pound trov. the whole weight of the bread per day was 156 ounces. 
The loaf of St. Paul's, the same document informs us. was larger than that 
of other religious houses. The loaf of the Canons Regular of Holy Trinity, 
London, weighed three marks six ounces. The same was the weight of the 
loaf of the Canons of Merton, whilst that of the Canons of St. Bartholomew 
weighed only two marks one ounce. We notice these facts as indicating 
that other religious houses' received rents in kind, in the same way as 
St. Paul's, and that the rents so paid were distributed in a similar manner. 
The daily distribution of bread to the different members of the cathedral 
in the year 1283 was as follows : — 

To each of the thirty Canons three loaves per day ; 

total in the year ....... 32,760 

To three of the Minor Canons, to "| 

the Chaplain celebrating for the j 

soul of William de Sancta Maria I each two loa^■es per-i 

the Dean, and to the Scriptor j day; total. .J 

Librorum Ecclesia- — five per- i 

sons . . . . .J 

To the nine Minor Canons, with 

the Custos Bracini — making a each one loaf . 3,6-40 

tenth person . . . ' 

To the Sacristan " pro hostiis," one loaf per week . 52 

Procurator! Gilberti do. . 52 

To the Firmarii, fur each firma one loaf . . . Ab 

Carried forward .... 40, 1^9 

CAMD. ^OC. h 




Brought fonvard . . . . 40,. 189 

To tlie Parish Church, pro pane bcnedicto ... 4 

To the Servants of the Brewery for pittances . . 200 

To the Marescallus ....... 4 

For the rent of Adelburtou ..... 4 

For the Coopers, the Infirm, minute pittances, and 

other matters ....... 16 

To Walter Hervv, for fifteen weeks .... 45 

And two loaves at the installation of two Canons . 2 

4 0.463 
The brewings at the Cathedral took place nearly tv^-ice every week. In 
12S6 there were one hundred brewings in the year. The quantity of grain 
consumed, consisted of — 

I To quarters of barley, 
1 75 do. of wheat, 
720 do. of oats. 
At each brewing there was used — of wheat one quarter and a half and 
two bushels, at seven bushels to the quarter, = 122 bushels; of barley 
one quarter and a half, of the same measure, = J 0^ bushels : and seven 
quarters of oats, at eight bushels the quarter, = 56 bushels ; the total 
qusntitv of grain being 79 bushels, nearly 10 quarters, and the number of 
bollae, or gallons, produced from each brewing averaging 678. Vv'e learn 
from the Compotus of 1286, that the whole number of bollte brewed was 

67.814 ; the distribution being- as follows : — 


To the thirty Canons, thirty bolla? per week to each . . = 46,800 

To five other persons, six bollae per week to each . . = 7.800 

(Three Minor Canons, the Chaplain, and the Scriptor Librorum.) 
To ten other persons, three boUse per week to each . = 7,800 

(The nine Minor Canons and the Custos Bracini.) 
To the Porter, the Baker, the Brewer, 

the Drawer, and the Miller 

To the Servants on twenty-two double feasts .... 220 

To the Marescallus (horsekeepei-), on four double feasts . 4 

Carried forward .... 64.418 



Brought forward .... 6-4,418 

For the rent of Adbunou ....... 4 

To the Bakers when thev make %\'astell and fiacou ... 8 

To ihe Fh-marii for for.y-five firmee ..... 90 

To the Clerk of St. Gregory, one l.olla each week . . 52 
To the Carmelite brotht-r, this year " Lector,'" for three quarters 

and three weeks, at fourteen bolls per week , . . 588 
To Bartholomew the Orologius. after the arrival of William de 

Pikewell 23 

To the Infirm. " in villa "....... 4 

To the Sacristan and four Servientibus ("N'irgers). 10 bolla^ each 

per week 2,600 


Sold ... 27 


It appears from the Compotus Bracini of 1283 that^ — 

Wheat was sold at 6s. lO^d., at 6s.. at 6s. Ad., and 6s. 6d. per quarter. 

Pollard at 2.5-. per quarter. 

Furfur (bran) ]s. -id. per quarter. 

Barlev, bought at Ss. 6d. per quarter of seven bushels. 

The value of the loaf, and of a gallon of beer, were each of them three 

"We have thus seen in what manner, and for what purposes, the firmarii 
delivered at the Cathedral the weekly firms of money and produce, and also 
the method of its distribution. It appears, however, that the business of 
the mill, of the brewery, and the bakehouse, upon taking account of the 
expenses, and making the accustomed deliveries of bread and beer to all 
the members of the Cathedral in their fixed p>roportions, left a profit, which 
was divided amongst the Canons in residence. In 1286 the sum to be 
divided was 25/. 19.^. Id. In 1283 it was 24/. 6s. lid. The particulars of 
the distiibution we have thought it convenient to state at full length, not 
merely as shewing the interest which the Residentiary Canons had in the 
profits, and in the distribution of the " Communa," but the manner in 
which residence was kept by the canons in tlie latter part of the thirteenth 


Canons RnsiPExx p.t St. P.fui/s in the Year 1:2S3. 


_ r.r.: 

Quaricr. Qu,ir;cr. . Qiuiricr. 



Tc-n. ^ Scvc'i. 

The Dean .... 

The Archdeacon of Middie^e.x 

The Treasurer 

Johannes de Sancta Maria 

R . de Brandon 

R. de Stowe 

Archdeacon of Essex 

J. de Luke . . ... 

Cancellarius .... 

J. de Stranbrufrg . 

Archdeacon of Lnndon . 



£ s. d. 

The whole sum divisable for the vear being 24 C 7^ 

the sum for each quarter would be . . 6 1 /f *■. d. 

which, divided among the nine Resident? of tljc 1st quarter, was to each 13 6^ 

,, „ eight ,; ofthe"2nd ,. lo 2^ 

ten „ of the 3rd ,, 12 2 

„ ,, seven ., of the 4th ,, 17 4i 

Those who had resided in the four quarters received each 2/. IS.s-. Aid. 
The Archdeacon of Essex and J. de Luke, for three quarters. 2/. \Qs. Off/. 
John de Stranbrugg, for two quarters, 1/. 9^. 6ld The Chancellor, for 
one quarter, 12^'. 2d. The Archdeacon of London, for one quarter IS*'. Qld. 

Such was the mode in which the " firmfe," received in kind at St. Paul's 
at the end of the thirteenth century, were distributed, and there is reason 
to believe that, during the greater part of the following century, they con- 
tinued to be regularly paid, that the wcirk of the bakehouse and the brewery 
went on without interruption, and that the statutable distributions of bread 
and beer were made to the members of the Cathedral. The documents, 
however, of the early part of the fifteenth century contain proof, that 
the social changes and political disturbance?, v,hich were then taking place, 
affected the Cathedral property, as respected its nature and management. 
The firmae were no longer recrularlv distributed, the manors were unable to 


provide tlie nt?ce=pary supplies, leases were granted for sliort periods to 
otlier persons than members of the Chapter; and towards the end of the 
century the tiriuae ceased, and the rents appear to have been v.'hollv paid 
in monev. 

It li;ai been provided by the statutes of Ralph de Diccro (v.ho was Dean 
in llSl). in case of dearth or pestilence occurring in the manors, that 
the delivery of bread and beer to the non-resident members should un- 
dergo n reduction of one loaf and one gallon of beer per diem until the 
return of plenty ; and further, that in case of dearth the firmarii should 
not be bound to deliver from their manors more wheat, barlev, or oats, 
than they were accustomed to pay; nor was any firmarius required to deliver 
any corn, but that which was of the growth of the manor, only it must 
be the best of that which was there grown. It was also ordained, that 
good beer should be brewed for the Iie^ider.tiaries. and coim/wn beer for 
other persons. 

But it would seem that otlier than natural causes, such as are men- 
tioned in the statutes of Ralph de Diceto, disturbed in the fourteenth cen- 
tury the delivery of the firmse ; for during the Episcopate of Simon of 
Sudbury, who was consecrated Bishop of London in 1361, it was ordained 
by an injunction, that a fine of 10.<-. should be inflicted upon the firmarius, 
who failed to deliver the firraa? within fifteen days of the appointed time, 
and that if he continued in arrear. his lease should be forfeited, and given 
to the next expectant Canon. We learn, moreover, from an injunction of 
Robert Bravbrooke, Bishop of London, bearing date 20 Oct. 1401 (in 
which the injunction of his predecessor, Simou of Sudbury, is recited), 
that irregularities existed to such an extent, as not only to deprive the non- 
residents, but also the minor Canons and other inerabers, of their usual 
allowances. The complaint came before the Bishop at his visitation; a 
fresh injunction was issued, with the consent of the Dean and the Chapter; 
the previous injunction of Simon of Sudbury was renewed, and the deli- 
verv of bread and beer to all the members enjoined according to the ancient 
custom. The Chapter was further directed to choose one of their ov\n 
bodv, in the first week of October in each year, to be the Custos Bracini, 
and upon him was laid the duty of delivering the bread and beer ; the 
bread was to be served as before, but in lieu of beer five marks were to be 
given to every Canon, and to all other persons sums of money propor- 


tioned to their allowance. The ohservance of this iniunction was enforced 
under peril of the greater excomuiiinication. 

Causes, however, were in operation, to which we shall presently advert, 
which rendered even the fear of the greater excommunication inefiective 
to produce perpetual obedience ; for it is recorded in the Siatuta Minora 
(fol. 102), that on the 20 Oct. 143S, Robert Gilbert, Bishop of London, 
sate judicially in the Chapter-liouse, Reginald Kentwoode. the Dean, and 
.Tohn Bermingham, a (solitary) residentiary, being present also; and that 
there appeared personally thirteen of the non-resident Canons (the names 
are recorded), who made conr.daint to the Bishop, that in violation of the 
ancient customs of the Church and of the episcopal injunctions, from the 
feast of St. Anne (July 20) last past up to that day, no bread had been 
delivered, and that the beer had been kept back for more than three years. 
A conference took place bet\^een the Dean and the residentiary on the one 
part, and three of the Canons on behalf of the non-residents, and a fresh 
episcopal injunction was given to the Dean to pay to the complainants, 
before the feast of All Saints, what was due for bread from the feast of 
St. Anne to Michaelmas, and what was due from ^Jichaelmas to the day 
of the visitation, before the end of the year. The arrears cf pavrocnt for 
beer of the three preceding years were also to be satisfied before the 
Christmas following. To this injunction Dean Kentwoode and John Ber- 
mingham, the residentiary, s"ave their consent, and promised compliance. 

These incidents are related, not as anecdotes of capitular irregularities. 
but as clear indications of circumstances having occurred, which had altered 
the property of the Chapter, and disturbed the ancient arrangements. In 
the case of the manor of Nastock. it appears that in the year 1403 the 
rents of that manor had ceased to be in " firma?.'" A lease was granted in 
that year of the manor, the presentation to the vicarage, the tithes and all 
the appurtenances of the manor, to Laurence Allerthorp, a residentiary^, at 
the annual rent of 40/., of which 18/. 7*. 8f/. represented the ancient 
firms of corn delivered to the brewery, and 21/. 12.<;. 4(1. the value of the 
manorial rights and the tithes ; the preamble of the lease stating, that the 
manor was granted on these terms, as well because " propter insufiicientiam 
suam ad supporiationem onerum ab antiquo impositorun: eidem sufficere 
non valebit," as " propter alias causas veras ac legitimas tia^c assignatas et 
capitulariter approbatas." Iv. 1421 a departure was made from the ancient 


practice of limiting the leases to members of the Catliedral, and a leas-e for 
five vcars was granted to Reginald Malvns esquire, of the family of the 
De Malyns, who were lords of the adjacent village of Theydon Mount. 
The rent was only 36/. ISs. 4d.. but the Chapter reserved to themselves, 
what we should now term the manorial rights, as well as the presentation 
to the vicarage. In 1-3 25 a similar lease was granted to Roger Passelewe 
of Chipping Ongar, yeoman, and four others, at the increased rent of 42/. ; 
but in 1429, and to the year 1499, the manor appears to have been once 
more leased to residentiaries only, at the diminished rent of 33/. 6s. ScL, of 
which I !/. IS.-^. 4d. instead of 18/. Is. &d. as in 1403, was payable to the 
brewery : a clear indication that the agricultural produce of the estate had 
})roportionriblv diminished in value. 

It cannot be doubted, that the condition of the landowners throughout the 
kingdom was materially affected by the wars of the Roses, and that the un- 
settled condition of the country throughout the greater part of tlie fifteenth 
century must have weakened in a great degree the authority of the lord over 
his tenants, and diminished the number of the tenants, and consequently the 
value of those praedial services in which the wealth of the Lord consisted. 
The decay, however, of praedial service had begun in the previous century ; 
political disturbances hastened its dissolution, but it would probablv have 
passed away under the influence of causes such as these, namely, commutation 
of services for fixed money payments, changes in the population, and the 
progress of commerce and trade, \\hich gradually raised up a class of 
yeomen, who occupied a middle and independent ]ioEition between the lord 
of the manor and his customarv tenants. 

Of the accumulation of land by individuals in tlie same Manor there are 
traces in the Records of St. Paul's at as earlv a period as 1279. 

At that time. John Durant, whose ancestor in 1222 possessed only one 
virgate in Cadendon, appears on tlie Court Roll as possessing eight or ten 
tenements at least, which had been formerly held by other persons At 
Eelchamp two tenants of the higher order, the Liberi Homines, the one, 
Martin de Suthmere, held by himself and his tenants 245 acres of land in 
the manor, and had twenty-two tenants rendering service to himself; the 
other. Robert Luckyn, held in the same manor 69 acres, and had twelve 
Tenants doing him service. It is remarkable alsO; that the name of the Earl 
of Oxfoid ajipears in the same Inquisition, as holding 17 acres of land in 


the manor, and rendering service for tlicm to Martin ce Suthrnere. It is 
ea?v to imagine, th.-it the growth within the manors of such a body of 
tenantry, having tenants under them, would gradually counterbalance the 
influence of the lord, especially if he were not resident on the manor. 

In the most ancient form of the manorial svstcm it is probable, that all 
the profits of the lords, except the landgafol, which was a monev pavment, 
were derived from the labour of the tenants and from the contributions of 
produce paid in kind; the demesne lands were ploughed and sown by the 
tenants, ihe crops were gathered in, the sheep were sheared, the malt for 
beer was made, the vrood for the supjily of the hall was hewn and stacked, 
the watch and ward of the manor was kept by them. Hens and capons at 
Christmas and eggs at Easter replenished the larder of the lord. There was 
scarcely anv want w hich the service of Cue tenants did not supply for the lord, 
even to the making hot the water and preparing the bath. (Chingeford, 
Book I. fol. 63.) In the earlier condition of the manorial households and ma- 
norial society these burdt-ns might have been cheerfully borne ; but it is most 
probable, that, as time advanced and society changed, ancient duties became, 
from various causes, both burdensome to those who performed tliem, as well 
as less agreeable to those to whom they were due; and that the lords were as 
willing to receive malt^ilver, woodsilver, schepsilver,* lardersilver, and ward- 
penny, and a halfpenny or a penny in lieu of a dav"s Lbour, as the tenants 
were to relieve themselves by such payments from the personal performance 
of the services. That a change might take place in the value of money, 
and reduce these payments to a nominal value, or that tlie time might come, 
when the halfpenny, originally given in lieu of a day's labour, could no 
longer purchase it, or that there might be no labourers to be hired, was a 
thought, which never entered into the minds of men, who had neither per- 
sonal experience, nor historical knowledge of changes now familiar to the 
mind of every student of political economy. As property passed, with 
the consent of the lords, from one person to another, the commutation 
of services due to the lord into money payments became more frequent, 
of which the phrase, so constantly occurring. '" pro omni servicio,"" 
is abundant proof. The direction also, which is given in Fleta, ii. 72, 
to the Praepositus. not only to compute with the Ballivus once a-week 
what customary labour was due. and to mark on the tally the day's work 
* A I'Bvment in lieu of watercarria^e. 

iXTnoDUCTi'jv. Ivii 

performed, but also to look Efter the arrears of laVour. and if ])C5sible to 
receive money in lieu of them for the ougnaentation of the rent, is a further 
evidence of the readiness of the landlord to receive monev in lieu of labour. 

It is evident, that the constant progress of a svstfnn of commutations 
would at last leave the lord of the manor in the condition of the landlord of 
our ovrn times, v\ho must hire but cannot command labour. That toe in- 
convenience of having commuted labour for monev was at last sensiUv fc-lt 
by the landed propi-ietors, appears from the Statute of Labourers, '23 Ed. III. 
1349: prior to which time changes had taken place, which broug:.t into 
existence a bodv of persons resembling the labourers of tlie preser.: dav ; 
men, who labour for their subsistence, but who are free to choose a 
master and to agree with him for vcages. The growth of this class had 
probabiv made the landlords more ready to forego the preedial services of 
their tenants; but when the pestilence of 134!). alluded to in the Statute, 
had so reduced the number of labourers as to enhance the value of labour, 
to the great loss of the landed proprietors, recourse was had to the .'Statute 
of 1349, and to a series of similar Statutes between that year and 
1368; which had the twofold object, first, of compelling every ablebodied 
man. who was not hired, to hire hiinself to the master, who should demand 
his services; and seconciv. of lin'iiting the amount of the wages, which he 
was to receive. 

The Manors, the lords of which had commuted the prtedial services of 
iheir tenants for money payments, would be those in which the free 
labourers most abounded, and in which the owner of the laud was most de- 
pendent upon that class, for the means of cultivating the soil ; but when the 
Statute of Labourers was first enacted, the whole of the country was not as 
vet in this condition ; there was still a large portion of it, in which the 
ancient services remained due, but in which, as the growth of wealth had 
produced anew order of landowners, the performance of Mllain services had 
become odious or inconvenient, and the "^'iliains withdrew the services and 
customs which were due to their lords The fir^t indication which the Statutes 
of the Realm contain of this change in the behaviour of the Villains or cus- 
tomarv tenants, is in the Statute of 1 Richard 11. a.d. 1377, from which it 
appears that the*' Villains, and tenants of laud in villainage, withdrew their cus- 
toms and services from their lords, ha vir.g attached them; elves to other persons, 
who m^ahitained and abetted them ; and who, under colour of exemplifitauons 

CAMD. see. i 


from Domesday of the Manors and Villes in wliich they dweh. and by wiong 
interpretation of those exemplifications, claimed to be quit and discharged of 
all manrjer of service, cither of their body or of tlieir lands, and would suffer 
no distress or other course of justice to be taken against them ; the 
Villains aidins' their maintainers. bv threatening- the officers of their lords 
with peril to life and linib. as well as bv open asseniblies and bv confede- 
racies to support each other." It is manifest, that the persons designated ir 
the Statute, as Counsellors, Maintainers. and Abettors, were men of statior 
as well as substance ; the process by which they became connected with 
the Villains, being, as is expressed in the Statute, " the taking hire and 
profit of the Villains and land-tenants.'" Eeft-rence v,as made to Domes- 
day to prove, that the manors to which the ^'i^lains belonged were Ancient 
demesne ; and it is evident from the term.s of the petition in the Rolls of 
Parliament, which preceded the enactment of this Statute, that the \ illains 
were the persons, who took the pains to procure these exemplifications.* 
The tenants in Ancient demiesne had the privilege of freedom from toll in 
all the markets of the kingdom :| but some other privileges niust have 
belonged to them, if, under colour of these exemplifications, the ^'illains 
could withdraw their services from the lords of other manors. The case 
was probablv this, tliat the tenant of Ancient demesne could not be pro- 
ceeded against for subtraction of services, except in the Court of the Manor 
of Ancient Demesne, and thus he was enabled to set at nought the power 
of the coVirt of other manors, in which he held land and was liable to service. 
Manors of Ancient demesne were not always in the hands of the Crown, 
but as it would appear, were possessed bv lords, who were willing to 
derive pecuniary advantage from selling the privilege of holding in Ancient 
demesne. The supposition that the immunities of such tenancy were avail- 

* The desire, however, on tbe part of the tenants to prove tbemfceives in Ancient 
demesne was of much earlier date than 1377. Tbe Rotuli Hundredorum of 7 Ed. I. 
give testimony of unfounded assertions on tbe part of the Villani of njaDors, that they 
held in Ancient demesne. See Vol. II. pp. 843, 844. 

t Tt appears also that tbe tenant in Ancient demesne was exempted from the 
necessity of taking upon biro knighthood for lands so held, for we read in the Statute 
for respitinc Knighthood, •' None by reason of any land that be boldetb in manors 
which now are Ancient demesne of the Crown, as Sokemen, and wliicb lands must also 
give talliEge when the King's demesnes are tallied, shall be distrained to take upon him 
tbe order of a Knight." Statutes of the Realm, vol. i. p. 229. 


able against the lords of otlier manors, and that they might be so obtained, 
will explain a statement of the Statute of 1 llichard II. above referred to, 
not otherwise easy to understand, " that divers people of small revenue 
of lav:Q, rriit. or other possessions, did make great retinue des gens, as well 
of esquires as cf others, giving them hats and liveries, but not at their own 
cost; the value, or twice the value, being given by those persons " for the 
Maintenar.ce so acquired ; and which, as is evident from the ninth section of 
the same statute, consisted in protection against legal claims upon their 
lands and tenements, their goods and chattels. 

The cessation of pra?dial service was the result not of one, but of several 
causes. The exact period of its extinction may not be discoverable, and 
prob3b''v rercnaTits of the svstem existed at a comparatively late period in 
particular localities ; but if the same course of events happened in other 
manors, v^hich took place in the manor of Castle Conibe, the commutation of 
services rent was efiecied prior to 1450; the Court Rolls of that 
manor of the latter period describing all the tenants as payers of rent, and 
making no mention of the personal labour, which in 1340 had been due. 

We hare now brought our observations to a close: they have occupied a 
wider rar-ire than was originallv intended ; but if any fresh light has been 
thrown ur-on the nature of Anglo-Saxon society, the condition of England 
in the centuries succeeding to the Norman Conquest, the original character 
of manorial tenures, the relations between the owner and the occupier of 
the soil, £_s well as upon the management and disposition of Cath.edral lands 
and revenues, the labour occupied in the composition and illustration of this 
volume will not have been spent in vain ; especially, if the bringing these 
documen:.s to li?ht should lead to an investigation of the archives of other 
Cathedrals, and to a closer study of the chartularies and lieger-books of the 
conventuil bodies, which are deposited in our public libraries^ or are to be 
found amongst the records of the Augmentation Office. It is not a matter 
of mere antiquarian curiosity, what were the laws of Ina or of Alfred, or 
how societv was constituted and justice administered under the Anglo-Saxon 
and An_-.:»-Norman kings, for we mav safely affirm, that without the know- 
ledge of the principles and practices of those remote ages, the Common 
lawvcr c: the present dav will often find himself at fault, not merely for the 
deatiit'.on of a term or the meaning of a word, but even for a principle, upon 
which to found an argument, and to decide between conflicting rights and 


di.ities. Neither is English history limited to the period whicli has passed since 
tlie Reformation, or since the Conquest ; it comprehends the reicrns of the 
Anglo-Sa^on kings ; and. as the earlyoccupalion of the " litus Saxonicum " 
in our southern counties testifies, it is united v.ith the historv of ancient 
Britain and ancient Rome. From chroniclers and historians wc- mav learn 
the relation in which England has stood to the nations around us, the 
intrigues of our nohles, and the vices or virtues of cur kings : but it is 
in the records, which, exhibit to us the means and circumstances under 
which the mass of the people earned their daily bread; in the household 
accounts of the chieftain and the prince ; in the wills of the dead, and in 
their private litigations and contests, their dealings and bargains when 
alive, that we discover our historv as a people, and can trace the steps, by 
which property has been acquired, and has passed from one class to 
another, from the peasant to the yeoman, and from the lord to the trader 
and the merchant, and by which England has become what it is — the 
country of the freest and wealthiest people in Europe. 

P.S. — In the early part of the foregoing Introduction (p. ix.) an account 
was given of various Domesday books ; we must be permitted to add to the 
list another Royal Domesday, not heretofore descril)ed under that title, but 
which forms the largest portion of the Second ^"olume of the Rotuli 
Hundredorum, published in 1&12. The " Rotuli" are copies of returns 
made to Royal Inquisitions at two distinct periods, the third and the seventh 
years of Edward I.; but it is to be observed that the inquisitions at the two 
periods were for different purposes, and the articles exhibited to the jurors 
wholly different. The object of the earlier inquisition was to ascertain the 
cases in which the rights and liberties of the Crown had been withdrawn, 
and in which excesses had been committed hv the sheriffs, coroners, 
escheators, and bailiffs; the Subject, as well as the Crown, was interested in 
that inquiry. But the later inquisition produced a perfect Domesday, or 
record of landed property, in the five counties — Bedford, Buckingham, 
Cambridge. Huntingdon, and Oxford. Each Hundred had its separate jury, 
who reported the names of all the landowners and occupiers of land, the 
quantity of land held by each of them, the rents paid, and the services ren- 
dered, the tenants of the manors being generally described under four 
classes — Liberi Tenentes, Villani, Cotarii, and Servi ; but in some places 


^vi^iJ varied titles, such as Lib^ri Sokmaniii, Custumarii, Consuetudinarii, 
Operarii, Coterelli. Cotagiarii, Servi, Socomaimi, Nativi, Boiidagii, (tc. The 
Kotuli of these five counties being abstracts or digests of inquisitions 
made in the separate Hundreds of each county, contain the materials, 
from which a document might be compiled, which would resemble the 
Exchequer Domesday in nearly every particular, but the enumeration of 
the live stock on the different manors ; and would show, who were 
Tenants in Capite, the persons who held lands under therR, the number of 
Liberi Tenentes, Villani, Cotarii, and Servi, on each estate, and the sum of 
the rents paid. 



Page ]. Inquintio facta. — Nomina Jtirafonnn. — The power of impanel- 
ling a jnrv.aud exhibiting to them interrogatories relative to the condition of a 
manor in everv particular, appears to have belonged of right to every lord 
of a manor. See Fleta., ii. 71, sec. 3. The Articles of Inquisition, upon which 
the Domesday of St. Paul's, of Ralph de Diceto, in 1181, was founded, 
are recorded at p. 112 of this volume; those used at a later period 
are given at length, pp. 150-160. and are found to agree in their general 
character with the " Extenta Maneriorum'" in the Statutes of the Realm 
(vol. i. p. 292) ; and also with the Articles of Inquisition upon which the 
returns were made in the 7 and 8 Edw. I. of the condition of the manors 
in five counties, Bedford, Buckingham. Cambridge, Huntingdon, and 
Oxford, and which form the latter part of vol. ii. of the Rotuli Hun- 

WillieJmo de HeJy cx'isiente Jirmario, This person was Canon of St. 
Paul's, and is subsequentlv mentioned as Willielmus Thesaurarius ; that 
title, however, belonged to him as Treasurer, not of the Cathedral, but of 
the King, which office he held until his death in 1223. — Newcourt"s Reper- 
torium, vol. i. p. 130. 

Hida. — The hide generally contained 120 acres. / c. four virgates or yard- 
lands of 30 acres. The number of acres in *he hide and virgate was not 
uniform. At Runwell (p. 69), the hide anciently contained only 80 acres. 
At Nastok (p. 81), it contained 140. The virgate also varied. At Sandon 


it consisted of 60 acres * (I. 145). at Wicham of 24 (I. 97), at Nastok of 
20 (p. 81). and at Drayton of 16 (p. 99). The acre consisted of 160 
square perches, the perch being- 16 J feet. There was. also a variation in 
the length of the perch. The " parva.p>ertioa"" .is' mentioned at p. 80, 
and is probably the perch cf 16 feet : and ' at p. 92 we find a perch of 
24 feet. It also consisted of 2 J or 20 feet : the latter perch being used in 
the measure of the quarentena. or fourth of an acre. See Spelman and Du 

Dcfendlt se versus Begem pro decern Hidis. — '• Satisfies the royal demand 
for bidage. bv p^vintr for ten bides." The chroniclers relate several in- 
stances of hidage taken by the Anglo-Norman Kings ; there is, however, 
reason to believe that it vras an annual, as well as an occasional ta\, and 
that it was the excessive amount cf the demand, or the cause of it, 
wbich drew the attention of the chroniclers to these particular exer- 
cises of the royal prerogative. In the Articles of Inquisition of 1181 
(see p. 112), the question, "Pro quot hidis unaquaeque villa se de- 
feiideret tempore Regis Henrici. tempore W'll'i Decani, versus regem," is 
followed immediately by this, " Quid tunc fiscalibus coramodis appenden- 
tur per mnium vicecomiti .s. vel hundredi praeposito.'' In 1222 the manor 
of Barling (see p. 64) being rated at two hides and an half, paid for 
hidage annually thirtv-one pence to the bailiff of the hundred of Rislee, 
two pence halfpenny of which was due for 20 acres of the demesne. It 
appears from the Rotuli Hundredorum of 39 Hen. III. and the earlier years 
of Edw. I., that hidage was an annual payment, but whether universally 
paid by everv manor is uncertain. In the county of Cambridge the 
Vicecoraites were accustomed to repair the bridge at Cambridge by levying 
" pontage'" or " brigbote " on every bide of land, which was liable to geld. 
Rot. Hundred, vol. ii. p. 407. 

Essarta. — Lands reclaimed from the Forest or Common. The etymology 
of the word is doubtful. It appears from the " Extenta r\Ianeriorum " 
(Statutes of the Realm, vol. i. p. 242), that the lord of a manor might have 
parks and demesne woods, which he could at pleasure plough up and cul- 

* The references I. 145, I. 97, &:c. denote the folio? of the Book inarted by the 
letter I. now remaining in the Archives of the Cathedral, which contains the Survey or 
Inquisition of the Manors made by Dean Baudake, and which will be frequeutly men- 
tioned as the Inquitidon of a.d. li'T9. 


tivate. I: wa?, however, an ofi'cnce against the forest law? to assart without 
licence anv part of the king's forest At page 107 there is an extract of an 
inrolmeni of the Justices in Eyre of the 5 and 20 Ed. I. The right of the 
Canons c^f St. Paul's to assart land at Chingcford and at Heybridge had 
been caHed in question; but judgment was given in their favour upon the 
procuction of a charter of King John, exerrjpting the Chapter from ail pleas 
of offtnce committed by them, in these lauds and woods, against tlie forest 

Pi o?ter duas Prehendas. — The prebends here mentioned are those of 
Cadington Major and Cadington Minor, held by two of the Canons of 
St. Paul's. In the Domesday of the county of Bedford (vol. i. f. 211 j the 
Manor cf Cadendon. in that county, belonging to St Paul's, is described as 
contalniii? five hides. In the time of the Confessor it was held by Leuuinus 
cilt. (ib. fol. 36), together with the Henfordihire manors of Cadindon and 
Caneswcrde, " de rege," and it appears to have been given, together with 
them, to St. Paul's by the Conqueror.* The word " Praebenda,'" or " Pre- 
benda," means anvthing given for support and maintenance. All the tliirty 
Canons of St. Paul's have borne the title of Prebendaries, and been distin- 
cruished by the names of the manors or lands allotted to them for their 
prebend, from as early a period as the beginning of the twelfth century. 
But the prebendal system was elsewhere probably of a still earlier date. 
In the account of the lands belonging to the canons of St. Martin's, 
Dover, in the Exchequer Domesday, (vol. i. f. 1 b.) it is stated, with refer- 
ence to ruentv-seven solins, held by that body in the last of Estrede, and 
other places, that in the time of the Confessor the " prebendfe " had been 
" communes," and that they had been divided amongst the individual mem- 
bers bv the Bishop of Bayeux. Other lands, however, belonging to the 
same body had been held, in the time of the Confessor, in separate pre- 
bends, and had descended from father to son, the Abbot of St. Augustine's 
holding also lands belonging to that body " in praebenda," which had been 
similarlv held by his predecessor. 

Secta Cornitatus et Hiindredi. — We learn from Fleta, ii. c. 66, that 

* In the proceedings upon a Placitum de quo Warranto in tlie time of Edward IIL 
ara'.nst tbe two prebendaries of Cadington, a charter of Edward II. was produced 
recitins and confirming a charter of the Conqueror which gave to tlie church of 
S:. Paul's the fullest rights in all their lands. — Piacita de Warranto, pages 40, 41. 

TO THL M. PAUL'S DOMLSliAY, A.D. 1222. Ixv 

ter.a-.ns v.l.o held ];.:-;ds by charter, were generally exempt from the dutv of at the County and Hundred courts, here termed " Secta." The 
exemption, however, was limited to the Dean and Chapter, and did not 
comprise their tenants. .Such attendance v.-.s i.o; merely a mark of lionour 
to the Crown or the Lord, but v.a? a sour-^e of vwSt also, the tenants 
making certain payments at tliat time. One exami'le in supr.ort of this 
state.T.ent may suffice, being one of manv particuh^irs in xhr inquisition of tlie 
mavjor ci Brthulh in co. Bucks. (^9 lien. III.) The jurors' answer is, 
*•' Dicimus quod Prlorissa de Stotleye solt-bat facere sectam Curia? Domini 
Regis pro terra apud Esses quam Robertus de Bosco tenuit, et subtraxit 
se per ires anuos. unde D'n's Rex danjr.ificatur in tribus sohdis per illam 
subtractior-eia. scilicet quulibet anno in cjod-rcim denariis." 

Dohiin',iti-u. — The Demesne. Tr.ose lands in tlie manor, which were 
possessed bv \he Lord for his own use, and in which tlie tenants had no 
rights. "'Est autem chnitinium. quod quis habet ad raensam suam et proprie, 
sicut sunt Bordlands. Anglice." (Biactcn, iv. 9, 5, p :^63.) 

JBof^cuf forinsecus. — A wood not inch-nded in the Demesne, and therefore 
not wholly the property of the lord. Such woods are mentioned at Kens- 
worth fp. 7), at Ardley (p. 21), and at Keybridge (p. 52). From the 
" Extenta Maneriorum"' we learn the dc£ni;;on of this kind of wood to be 
" Boscus ^/-//i.^fri/.v. ubi alii communicant." At Nastok (L fol. 77 b) the 
Pas-.ura forinsecj is described as " Communis ad Paroehinn;.'' 

Vi'uinG'j-iur.i. — This word has several m.eanings. It here denotes the 
tillage end cartage required for the cultivation of the land. At p. 28, 
line 9, -'Vrainagium vetus," in tlie sense of land anciently ])loughed, is 
opposed to •' Novum essartum," laud broken up. In Magna Charta 
it has a two-fold sense, that of tillage, as in the phrase "tempus tvainagii," 
and also of the imphmerds for the work, as in the phrases "Terra instaurata 
de csrrjcis et wa'ucgiis," and " Salvo wainagio suo." 

Curuca. — A plough. The word is used also for a team of horses 
or oxen, as in tlie expression --Caruca v;:i. capitum," a team of eight h.ead. 
At p. L^. raenrlon is made of a pasture •• ad Carucas,"* i.e. for the plough 
teams. Caiuca is also used for carvcaia. In I. 129 b. we rCid "L"na 
carxica lerrje continens ix. vigiuti acras." 

Iiap'-iuPnluin Mfn\erii. — The live and dead stock of the manor, 
including also ploughings and sowings : also called " Insiauramentum " 
lamd. >uc. k 


(p. ]'2'2). arid " Restaurameinum '" (p. l'2ij). W'e read in the title to tlie 
Inveniorv of the Manor of Btlchamp (p. lu&). '' Ihec autem sunt instaura- 
menta et iraplemenia qua; recdere debet cum manerio/' i.e. at the e\);aralion 
of the lf£se. 

Page '2. FiiaUitu/,. — A ].lace ovevjrrov.-n with i-hrub;. " Trcs acra: de 
frucisio" are mentioned at p. S amongst the essarts of Kcnswortli. J^/'ncum. 
Ager incultus. Du Cange. 

Page 3. Moniulcs de Boi-co. — The nuns of AJarKetcell. a nunnery of the 
Benedictine Order in the Hertfordshire part of the parish of Cadington, 
founded bv Geoffry, Abbot of St. Alban's. about the year 1143. 

De domiiiico per v ill en of/ turn. — Demesne land thus let to tenants is 
described bv Bracton; p. liCo. ed. IG^O, '-Item dicitur dominicum villena- 
ciura, quod traditur villanis, quod quis ternpestive et intempestive resumere 
possit pro voluntate sua et revocare."' 

Araiura de lage erthe. — In Book I. 115, IIG. this ^Tord Lage erthe 
is written "la verthe "' and '-laverthe." Work of a similar characier was 
c-nlled '■ benerthe " and '• gavelerthe " or " gave herthe.'" (I. 99 b.) (See 
AVilkius and Du Cange.) The distinction between " laverthe " and 
" benerthe " consisted in the labour of ploughing being performed either 
with food from the lord, or without it. In th.e inquisition of Kens- 
worth (I. 120) we read. '• Debet arare ter in anno siiu ciho ccmini, 
OV.X yocu.t\ir ' 1 avert lie,' et semel in anno ad cihiim domini; qua? vocatur 
' henerUie.' ' 

VirL'ata qiur non overo.t. — Services of various kinds were due to the 
lord, as from each Virgate or Hide, the occupiers of the land performing 
the services pro rata. Exemption from one service was couipensated by the 
obligation to perform another, as in the case here noted, the Virgate. which 
was free from " average." made malt instead. 

Averare. — To carry corn or goods. Averiurn. — A beast for draught or 
burden. Averagium. — The work performed: or. as in page 61, Averagia 
ad carriagium — the beasts for the work. Vv'e have a particular descrip- 
tion of the manner in which this service was sometimes performed, in 
Rot. Hundred, (ii. p. 628.) " Item debet averare cum equo et sacco 
suo prcprio ad omnes mercatus infra comitatum, quotiens necesse fucrit et 
dominui voluerit, primo die super sumptibus propriis suis, et aliis diebus 
yumptibus dornini.'' The service was also performed on foot, as we learn 

TO THE ST, PAUL'.- r»OMF,SDAy, A.D. 1222. Ixvii 

from the expressions (ib. p. 602), '-avcrabit cum corporc suo absque cquo," 
and " facit averacrium cum dorso ;'' and " avcragium ad pedes,'" p. 81 of this 

Dehet pararc sr.r quarteria hra.-ii vcl <hnc sc.v dcnarios. — The tenant 
either made the malt or paid six pence for malt-silver. The tenant could 
require from the lord fuel (focag-ii:ra) for drying the malt, " ad brasium 
desiccandum."' (I. ILob.) 

Fuiurer. — Tlic service of carrving five capons or ten hen? to London at 
Christmas (ib.). 

Page 4. Cni non att'niet per Wi'l'm firhinflum. — This expression con- 
stantly recurs with mention of the i;ame of the former tenant of the land. 
In some cases (see pnge 50) the new tenant had purchased the J'ormer 
tenant's ritrht, but generallv the tenement vouM seem 1o have been newly 
allotted by the firmarius, the former tenant having gone away, or his right 
of occupancv having for some reason ceased ; for it is remarkable that the 
names of the tenants with cui non uttin^-t subjoined are seldom, if ever, 
recorded as holding anv other land in the manor. 

Escaeta propter fvrtitm. — Manv lords of manors had the pri\ilege of 
receivinjT the lands and g-oods of felons, ordinarilv forfeited to the Crown. 

Page 5. Summu lnaf>ii. — A load of malt. SKmriiai/iuiri. — The duty 
of carrving. 

Reginaldus PriTpufiitv^. — The pra'jwsifus was foreman of the operarii, 
or customarv tenants, and the assistant of the Bailivus. Fleta (II. c. 76) 
states that this oflBcer was elected bv the Villata. Accordingly we read 
(I. iOG), that at Belcbamp all the Custumarii elected the Praepositus, and 
were responsible for his good conduct, and that if he fell into arrear with 
respect to payment, and his own goods were not sufficient to make good 
the amount, the Custumarii were to supply the deficiency. At Cadendon 
the Praepositus served " ad cibum domini," and during his tenure of the 
office was exempt from all other services (I. 1 16.) 

Jn precariis ad cibum domini. — Precariee, literally days of request, 
boon-davs, on which the lord asked the aid of his tenants to plough, or hoe, 
or perform other work. The days were not limited to one j^eriod of the 

* The lexicographers sre in doubt as to the root of tlie word "averare." The verb 
"auepian"' occurs in the Reciitudines Singulnrum Pcrsonnruni (Laws of England, 
vol. i. p. 132.) 


Year, but depended upon the seison. The Precaria? Caruc^rum, for 
ploughing-, were in winter or spring, the Precaria? in were for 
the gathering in the crops. At these tinges the lord frequcr.tly found 
food for the labourers, but there v/as no uniform practice. Sotnetimes 
tiie l^rt-caria' are ternjed •• sicCcT?." or dry, as contrasted with the Precarite 
'■cum corvijia," at which beer was allowed. In the itiquisition cf Ardley 
(I. ] 15) we find a "Precaria ad cervisiam," and also a ''Precaria ad aquam." 
At the former, the allowance fur two men was, at the first meal, porridge 
of beans or peas, and two loaves, one of them, white and suiScient for two 
meals, the other, a small loaf de mixtilioije (raaslin bread, cf wheat or barley 
mixed with rye), together with a piece of meat, and beer for one meal. At 
evening tlu' v had a small loaf of maslin bread, aiid tv,o •• lescas '" of cheese. ' 
In the "Precaria ad aquam'' tlie allowance was two great loaves, of tne size 
thirty-two to a quarter, porridge as before, six herrings, or.e piece of some 
other fish, and water. At Belchamp (L 101 j llie tenant, who. had provided 
two men to labour, and who had two meals a-day, went to supper at the 
court, and was served with three dishes "honeste," as a mark of distinction. 
At Norton (I. 150), in the fourth Precaria of the season, tl;e tenants had 
three meals during the day, and their wives joined them at supper. In the 
Rotuli Hundredorura these Precaria? are very frequently described. 

Ad Vi)icula. — The abbreviated appellation of the festival of St. Peter 
ad Vincula, on the first dav of August, otherwise termed '-Gula Aogusti." 

Page 6. Gcn'sarese. — A word used at a later period as synonymous with 
panvagium — the fee for permission to feed swine in the woods. In a 
document cf the date of iSoO, quoted by Ducange from Speiman, the 
word is written Grasanec, the root of which is probably the Anglo-Saxon 
gsers, or grass. In the R.S. P. (Laws of England, vol. i. p. AZ'2^. mention 
is made of a tejip-fpyn, " porcus herbagii," as given yearly by the Ge- 
neate, or "\'illanus to his Lord. In the Inquisition of Bernes (I. 131b), 
we find the word Garsavese expressing the annual payment given for pannage 
of pigs; and also (I. 132b) the remarkable term, "avesabit porcos." It is 
doubtful whether the meaning of the word Garsavese is to be limited to 
the pannage of swine. At p. 51 we have an account of the pavments due 
at VValetone for the pasture of sheep, ammolia. horses, and pis-s. all of 
which appear to be included under *' Garsavese,"' the concluding words being 
" similiter de equis et dc singulis porcis l.d. pro Garsavese.'" At Kadendon . 

TO THE ST. Paul's DOMESDAY, A.D.S^ijj'f C F '■-' "^ jxlx 

in 1279 (I. 119 b) there were eight tenants, each of them paving 2\(I. for 
Garsavese, i.e. half the ?um here mentioned as payable from each "\'irgale, 
the land having been subdivided. 

Lungahh. — It is remarkable tliat the payments of Langahle. Pannage, 
and Garsavese are here mentioned together, as in the K. S. P. laiidgavul 
and jejif-fi'vn follow each other. I.andgable appears to liave been a very 
ancient payment. It is defined in Spelman's Glossary to be a tribute or 
pra?dial rent of lo'. for every house. In the manors of St Paul's it 
vras a payment from each Virgate. At Cadendon it was pavable at the 
feast of St. Martin (I. 119), and amounted to l^d. per virgate. At 
Beauchamp it amounted to twice that sum. Ibd. (p. 33). At He^ bridge 
each virgate appears to have paid 2\d. (page 56). It was due at Michael- 
mas, and the whole sum iu 1279 amounted to 2.^. Qd. (I. S9). At Nastok 
the sum which the nativi holding virgates paid as Landgable was bd. 
and there were eight such virgates (I. 76). In the R.S. P. the non- 
payment of Landgavol is mentioned, as distinguishing the Cotsetle from 
the Geneate or A'illanus. (Laws of England, i. p. 432.) 

Pannagiitrn. — The word means either the right of feeding pigs or other 
animals in the lord's woods, or tlie money paid for the exercise of it, 
Accordi'.ig to Sjielman. " paun;;gium '' would be the correct form of the 
word, paujis being the nanje for the iiroduce of wood, such as acorns^ 
beech, or mast, &:c., but the root is roost probably the Latin Pastus. In 
the '• K. S. P." the word is written '-Pastinagiura," and in French docu- 
ments it takes the same form. At Belchamp (I. 106), Pannage was thus 
paid : '• Omnes porci magni ct parvi. qui pascnnlur iu campis et boscis 
comini. ducuntur die S'cti Martini Epi^copi ad aulam, et pannasxium dant 
(prseter sues et porcellos) ct taxantr.r per duos liberos homines ct duos 
custumarios, prater sues et porctllos lactantes."' 

li'oodsi/ver. — A payment in lieu of the service of carrving wood. At 
Xastok (p. 82), some of the tenants carried a cart-load from the wood to 
the court at Christmas. At Chingford (p. 99), the wood was not only 
carried, but hewn for fuel, and put up '• super trabos."' probablv the beams 
of the hall. At Sutton (p. 94), the tenant brought four cart-loads from 
the wood to the court " sine cibo."' 

Foddercorn. — A payment of oats in kind. This j^avment was made at 
Martinmas, and consisted of a half-qur^rter of oats (I. 116). At Horlock 


it was paid (p. 47) in the month of March. At Xastok (p. 83) on 
Christmas Eve. Oats \vere also paid as rent by the Tenacrc lioldcrs at 
Sandun (p. 17)- Fudderconi occurs frequenlly in Rot. Hurid. p. 602, G38, 
642. &c. and as payable at Martinmas. 

Puijjre.<tura. — Anv en^Tcachnient. such as inclosure of v,asto on the side 
of the rmg"£ hig-hwav, erection of buildings, stopping watercourses, roads, 
or pathways, inclosure of common or forest lands, breaking up woodlands, 
enlarging parks, k.c. 

Semp.n frumenli ad unam rodam. — The quantity of seed wheat paid by 
these tenants in 1279 was two bushels, and the land sown with it eight 
half-roods or one acre. 

Page 7. IT. nummatv:'.: terra:. — The purprestura is here described as 
six-penny-worth of land. There is reason to believe tlia: \ery small quan- 
tities of land were thus valued. It was a purprestura or encroachment 
which is here mentioned ; and in a charter of Henry II. in Oliver's Monas- 
ticon Disecesis Exon. p. 24. half an acre is described as •• viginti nummatas 
terras." (See Spelman and Du Cange, Kuramata.) 

Cessit in dies regis. — The meaning of the phrase is uncertain ; but 
probably it means simply, that he yielded to the King of Terrors and died, 
after which the half-virgate which he held was divided between the two 
tenants next mentioned, and the Purprestura by a third, for xii. instead of 
vi. pence. 

Pase 8. Consuetudine:. ViUata. — Under this term are included all the 
services and pavnaents due to the lord from the tenants of all ranks : but in 
connection with Wainagium. it must be limited to the services performed 
by the Carucs or Teams of the tenants. 

Page 9. Per Jinent. — The i&vm Jinis here used, is defined by Spelman 
(Gloss. 229) to be the monev agreed to be paid for entering upon a farm, 
either by the native tenant to his lord, or by the lessee to the lessor ; the 
payment was anciently caVed " gersuma." At p. \'2. certain essart lands 
are described as granted to the tenants, upon the pa^Tnent of half a mark 
to the Dean and Chapter. 

Pao-e 10. Ecchsia de Kensicorth. — The virgate of land here mentioned 
was an endowment by the Chapter. At page 14 7 we read " Habet haec 
ecclesia (Kensworth) unam virgatam terra? liberara ab omni s?eculari 

TO THE ST. Paul's domesday, a.d. 1222. Ixxi 

Gruva. — A Gro\e. This grove formed part of the virgate of land 
held by the tenant, and which by his tenure be was at liberty to essart or 
grub up. 

MuT7siu7ti etf in domlhio. Sc. — The dwelling-house attached to the land 
being in the demesne, and probably not occupied by the tenants, an agree- 
ment had been made with the Firmarius, by wliich they were r:llowed the 
reduction of rent here spoken of under the term '• excidunt duos denarios." 

Page 11. Tres acra' inveniri nan potsuiit. — Small copvhold tenements 
in our own time are frequently so mixed up with others as to be incapable 
of identification. 

Page 12. Serviens Tliesavrarii. — The .Seneschal or Steward of \^'illiam 
de Heley, who vras the King's treasurer, and firmarius of the manor. 

Page ]3. Per sejrcies viirintl. — At six score to the hundred. 

Page 14. Po!>i ]}Ui:evi redd'itarn. — The peace concluded in 1217 between 
Prince Louis of France and Henry III. after his nnsuccessful invasion 
of England. (Rapin, vol. i. p 298.) 

Page 14. Mara. — A lake or mere. 

Page 15. Brusa. — Du Cange. Bruscia. Dumetum. A place covered 
with brushwood. 

Page 15. Dl^rai'tonavit per hrere Jieirii in curia apud Sandon. — 
'■■ Disrationavit virgatam," proved her right to the \'irgate. The " Breve 
Regis " here mentioned M-as probably the '• breve de recto," or writ of nVht, 
which, as we learn from Eracton, lib. 5, c. 2, 3, was first to be tried in 
the Court of the Lord of the Manor, and then by default was removable to 
the County Court. See also Blackstone.. iii. 10, and Appendix. 

Page 17. Porture xxv. suvnnas. — In ihe account of this service in 
I. 137 b.; the word ateragia is used, and each averagium is said to consist 
of seven bushels of wheat or barley ; or ten bushels and a-half of oats, 
according to the measure of St. PauVs. 

Page 17. Sirica — Hoppa. — It is to be observed that the holders of ten 
acres are here mentioned as paying a Strike of oats, and the holders of five 
acres a Hoppa. and hence it would appear that the "strike "was the double 
of the "hoppa." The "strike" is said to be a bushel (see Johnson's 
Dictionary), but since it is found that in 1279 (I. 142) the ten-acre men 
of this Manor paid two bushels of oats, and the five-acre men one, we 
thence conclude thnt the " strike" at Sandon was two bushels. 


Page 18. Se tertlo. — i.e. vith t\vo , others, himself being tlie third. 
Some words are probablv omilied in ihe MS. The meaning of the text 
is ilkistrated bv the Survc-v of 1279 (I. 13S). where it appears, tliat at 
the Precaria? in autumn each tenant provided two men to labour "ad 
cibum domini:'" and that for one day the tenant was bound to come 
hinisi'lf witlj his cart to carrv corn. or. if he had not a cart, then to come 
himself for two davs' iabour " ad mensam domini/' being fed at the table 
of the lord. 

Nat'nitas Beniw Maria-. — This festival occurs on the Sth September. 
Page 19. Minare. — To drive a flock or herd. The words "chaciare" 
in line 24, and " fugare./' in p. 27, line 30, express the samie duty of 

Page 19. Hahere unain garUarn de ip.-o hiado. — In the Latin text of 
" the Ilectitudines," the recompense to the Cotsetle of a sheaf for mowing 
an acre of oats is thus described, " Habeat garbam suam. quam propositus 
vel minister domini dabit ei."' (p. 433.) 

Paae 21. Boscus vestitus. — Vestura is defined in Du Cange " Fructus 
quilibet agro baerentes." At p. I we find the phrase " Boscus bene ves- 
titus de fago." It is probable, that when a wood is said to be Xon vestitus, 
the absence of all produce either from underwood or pannage is implied. 

De Riffiei et Virgis. — Reffletum, Refletum, Reflectum. (Du Cange.) 
Vestura? boscorum et refiectoruro. (Fieta. II. 41. § 38.) The meaning of 
the word llifilei is doubtful: but, being united with "virgis,*' it seems to 
indicaie an osier bed, or plantation of pliable wood. 

Page 2S. Borland. — The " Forland " and the '' Inland " of a manor 
would seem to bear the same relation to each other as the " Boscus 
Forinsecus."" and '' Boscus Intrinsecus. The " Inland'" and "Utland" are 
described bv Lambard as the Demesne of the lord, and the Land of the 
tenants. (Spelman ) It is, however, probable that both the Inland of the 
demesne, and the Forland or Utland of the tenants, differed as to tenure, 
or to situation, from the ordinary demesne and tenants' lands. The "Inlands," 
which were relet upon an increased rent at Belchamp, in 1240 (see pages 
118-121), are described as " terrae de dominico, quas vocaut Inlandes." 

Page 29. Bro oholu et corredio. — " Corredium." or " CoiTodium,"' was 
a continued allowance of food for one or more days. The service here 
described was that of the office of server, or dresser of the table. See 

TO THE ST. PAUL'S DOMESDAY, A.D. 1222. Ixxlii 

Speiman voce *• Sewer." This Gilibertus le Suir held also v. acres as 
a free tenant (p. 31). 

Page SO. Debet fa err c f'i:ctav\ nra: et Inindrcdi — Altl^oiigh the Dean 
and Cbtpter es Lcrd^ of Mrmors v.ere free from suit and service at the 
Coursty Courts, their tenar.ts do no; opjiear to have partaken the exemption. 
In the Rot. Hundred, of Es-ex (p. 16]) the Eisliop of London is stated to 
have withdrawn the suit of two TP.en in ToUesbury who were accustomed 
to aiter.d the tourn of the sheriff, and the Dean and Chapter of St. 
Paul's to have withdrawn the " secta Hundred! " due from a tenement 
in their Manor of Heybrigge 

Page 32. Sine foris facto. — The services here mentioned were those of 
the Libere Tenentes ; but it would seem that if not performed no forfeiture 
was incurred. In the survey of 1 Ibl ('see page 117) the same expression 
" sine forisfacto'" occurs. ]n the survey of li^79 it is omitted : but from the 
account there gnven (I. 10;) of the quarititv of food which was due by 
custom to the tenants at the precaria?, it would appear that, since the lord 
lost little by iheir non-attendance, forfeiture was not incurred. 

Page 33. Precaria gu-tp dicitvr hen. — " Item inveniet unum hominem 
ad vlii. benes in autumno ad cibum domiui." (I. 98 b.) 

Garehed. — Oihcrwise termed Gavelcorn. In 1279. from every half- 
virgate oce heaped bushel of wheat was due ur.der the denonrination of 
Gavelcorn. H. 107.) 

Page 34. TVareciulit dimididm acram. — Land ploughed in the spring 
and lef: fallovr was termed '• Warectum." It is row termed summer fallow. 
The word is a form of the Latin " N'ervactum,"' which is thus defined in 
Faccioia:i : " Ager vere proscissus, deindeque quiescens usque ad sequentem 
autumnum. quo semeiitis fit : quasi i-ere actum." 

Vigilahit circa curiciti — The mode of performing the service is de- 
scribed in I. PS. " John .-^Idred. a customary tenant, was bound with the 
other tenants of the same rank to provide, that one of them should keep 
watch at the court from Christmas to Twelfth-day. and have a good fire in 
the Hall, one white loaf, one cooked dish (ferculum coquinae), and a gallon 
of ale : and if arv damage were done, he that watched was to make it good, 
unless he had raised the hue and cry for the village to go in pursuit." 
Ir is probable, that when services of this kind were commuted by the lord, 
the monev p^id in lieu of service v.-a= termed " ward-penny." 
CA>rD. soc. I 


Page 35. Pro duohvs soccis. — Two ))loughshares. The iron, with which 
the plough is shod, is still teiined in the north of England " the sock." 
These ploughshares were, as appears from I. 97, 98, delivered on certain 
davs. " Robertas Coupere reddit unum vomerem ad festum S'cige Crucis " 
(May 3). " ^^ Ulielmus Fraunchinne debet unum vomerem ad festum S'ci 
Butolphi " (June 1 8). 

Page 37. Fudere terrain ad limim. — Similar service in the cultivation 
of the flax crop was due from the cotarii of Donistowe, co. Oxon. 7 Ed. I. 
(Rot. Hund. II. 847.) 

Page 39. Furem judicatum suspendet. — Upon the right of lords of 
manors to have a gallows and to trv and execute rubbers, see Spelman in voce 
Infaiigtheof. In the Placiia de Quo Warranto. Ed. I. (p. 8), the Abbot of 
Waltham being charged with having erected a gallows, (not having had one in 
his Manor of Alrichseye (Arlesy, in the county of Bedford), prior to the 
last circuit of the Justices in Eyre.) replied; that it was true, that robbers had 
been very often condemned in his court and hanged on the gallows of his 
neighbours, who lent them to him ; but after the last circuit it happened, that 
one Theobald, a robber, was taken " cum manu opere" (with ti)e goods in 
his possession) at the suit of a certain person, and condemned in his court; 
and that under the cover of the Royal Charter, which allowed him " In- 
fangenethef," be then first erected a gallows after the last circuit, as it was 
lawful for him to do; and further, that robbers, who had been condemned 
by the Justices in Eyre, or their deputies, had frequently been delivered to 
him to be executed. In a similar proceeding against the Bishop and 
Canons of St. Paul's, it was pleaded (p. 476j that the Canons of St. Paul's 
possessed the right of Infangenethef, with other privileges, in all their 
manors in the county of Middlesex, but that they had no gallows, except 
in Finsbury ; and that, when any of the men of their Mils were taken, 
their twenty-two hides were convened to pass the judgment upon him, " ad 
judicium de eo perficiendura." 

Page 89. Mallardus. — The drake of the wild duck. 

Forland. — Inland and Forland would seem to be terms opposed to each 
other. On referring to the Inquisition of 1279 (I. 99) it appears that 
the tenants here described as holding Forland are there said to hold 
Mollond. In the Rot. Hundred. (II. p. 425) mention is made of customary 
tenants at Campes, in the county of Cambridge, holding Mollond. Land of 

TO THE ST. Paul's domesday, a.d. 1222. Ixxv 

this cliaracter was also held bv tenants of the St. Paul's manors Wicham 
and Chintrford, in 1279, though no mention is made of them in 1222. 
At Wicham Molloud was distinguished from Customary land with respect to 
the right of dower, " The widow who held Moliond was entitled to have the 
moietv of such land for dower as long as she remained a widow, and the 
whole of the custoraars- land, but marrving she lost the whole of it. If 
Customary land descended to daughters the eldest took the whole, but 
Moliond was divided." (I. lOn.) 

At Chingford there were several tenants " nativi " holding various 
quantities of land described as ''terra de moliond per successionem cum 
pertinentiis :" we roee: also with this description "terra de werklond 
cum pertinentiis per successionem;" and also "terra cum pertinentiis de 
moliond et werklond per successionem." There were eighteen such tenants 
of Moliond. Moliond and Werklond were, however, different. Tlie services 
of the tenants of Moliond are the same as those due from the Custumarii ; 
but the payment on admission differed at Chingford ; the Operarius paid to 
the lord a ploughshare; of tenants of other classes it is said " Ingredientes 
Moliond duplicabuut redditum." (I. 65.) 

Page 41. Hidarii de Torph. — The reader will remark that of nine and 
a half hides held by the Hidarii, eight are described as divided amongst 
several tenants. (See the Observations on this Tenancy, Introduction, 
p. XXV.) In 1279 the number of hides so divided was nine. The services 
due from these tenants, as described in the following pages 42, 43, are 
enumerated in I. 95, and the value of them, as due from each hide, when 
commuted, is estimated at eighteen shillings and eleven pence. The holders 
of the nine hides possessed also amongst them seventy-two messuages or 
dwelling-houses, and for each messuage some occasional services were due, 
in addition to those due for the land in the hide. 

Page 43. Ad totum d'nium unius curucce. — "Ad totum dignerium." See 
pages 55, line 11 ; 62, line 27, where it appears that the word digneriunt is 
equivalent to cihurn. The service here mentioned was that of threshing 
corn enough for the food of a team (^coi-uca) in winter and spring. Dig- 
nerium is explained bv Du Cange to be Pastus, Prandium, and derived from 
the French '• Disner." It is evidently an ancient form of our present 
word " dinner." Hot. Hund. Oxon, y. 750. •• Unnm pancm ad dignerium 



JBatcria. — The uasli-bouse. The place "ubi panni tunduntur." 
Du Cange. Batucre, verberare. Facciolati, Lexicon. 

J/csciiiga. — Apparently the same word as the Anglo-Saxon " metsung," 
food or meat, in the 11. S. P. p. 436. In 1279 thi"; payment was commuted 
for iiij d. messing silver, or "metegafol," as the older form of the word is in 
R. S. P. p. 434^ 

Cojrip.magium — Flesh, fish, or cheese; anything to be eaten with bi-ead. 

Cleras adfuJdam cle virgis. — Hurdles. In the Inquisition of Belchamp 
(I. 103). the Clera is described to be made "de novem pilis, et unus pes erit 
inter quamlibet pilam cum una magna pila et Wrevia." If the great 
stake was at one end of the hurdle, and the Wrevia at the other, we may 
suppose that the Wrevia was the band which fastened one hurdle to another. 
One n-ieai;:r;g o{ reafian in Anglo-Saxon is "to pull, "'hence our word " to reef." 

Doddus avents. — In page 47 it is stated that 24 doddoB equal 27 
Colchester quarters. In jii79 three quarters of oats were paid in lieu 
of two doddse : under the description " Tria quarteria de Ledoten or 
Ledhoten.'" (I. 93 b.) 

Page 4(). Aiu-iUurn regis. — Auxilium dicitur id, quod Subsidium vo- 
camus, et commune Regni Tallagium. (Spelman.) 

Page 47. Duos multonei- meliores, ejcceptis quatuor. — The tenants 
might choose for their repast the fifth and sixth best sheep of the flock. 

V> ojnhelokes — The loose locks of wool on the belly of the sheep, form- 
ing the edges of the fleece. 

Sellio. — A strip of land laid in a ridge or balk. 

?lairerturn. — Timber of any kind. Du Cange supposes the word to be 
a corrupt form of " materiamen ;"' but if chestnut wood was chiefly used, it 
is possible, that the root of the word may be " Marron.'" Oak wood cut 
into small planks is termed in French, " Merrein." 

Page 4^. Culacixna. — Probably that sort of addition to a building, 
which we now call a lean-to. It is here attached to a bovarium or oxshed ; 
but it was a frequent appendage to a barn. See the description of the barns 
at Wicham, Ardeley, and Belchamp, pages 136, 137, 139. Cuius. — Pars 
cujusvis rei posterior. Du Cange. 

Suse/iUa. — Susenna pastura. p, 64. The etymology of the word,, accord- 
ing to Du Cange, is uncertain, but it apjiears to be associated with marsh- 
land. The land here mentioned as capable of maintaining 400 sheep, and 

TO THE ST. rAFL'S DOMESDAY, A.D. 1222. Ixxvii 

containing 160 acres, is describi-d in I. 89, under the name Ewenemerpb, 
and as sustaining 400 '•' oves matrices ad maius centum." We find in 
Britton (chap, xx ) the v.oid •• Sursane " (Ex Gallico Sursemees — Du 
Cange); in the Mirror of Justice (cap. i. § xvi.J, Sussenee ; in Fleta (ii. 
122), Suscemata? : in the Judic'.um Pilloria. "carnes susceinatas;" in the 
Statutum ce Pistoribus. " carnei porcinas supersennuatas." — swine's flesh 
measled." the words in all these places denoting meat unfit for eating. 
When therefore the vrord " susenna '' is joined to pasture; it mav mean 
unsound or rotten pasture; such c^s is now found on the coast of Essex upon 
the "saltings;"' which are formei by the gradual accumulation of silt; and 
■which require a length of time to become solid before thev are inclosed and 
fit for the plough. 

Page ^9. Isfi te7ient iej:ac7'us. — By an error of transcription " sexacras '' 
has been printed instead of •• feracras,^'* and subsequently " sexlond '" 
instead of '• serlond." In 127D there were ten tenants at Walton holding 
" saracres" aiid at Kirkby sixteen; but the peculiar character of "seracres"' 
or " serlond" does not appear. 

Lodlojid. — The meaning of this word is uncertain. It mav denote the 
tenure, as being that of carrying ••loads." and of which a particular account 
is given in 1. 14) , '' De lod'.s/" as due from the tenants at Sandon ; or it mav 
be descriptive of the position of the land, as hing upon a " lode" or canal. 

Pusuit ad deuariuia. — Comx-^ting the praedial service into money rent. 

Page 52. Alia haicia icsiiia hosco. — Haicia. idem quod Hava, Sepes. 
Du Cange. lu I. 84 b. this wocc is described as the " longa " Haicia, and 
as containing three acres. It wa? probably a belt of wood inclosed bv an 
hedge cr ditch. 

JBoscus nan vestitus. — In I. S4 b, the wood here termed Boscus non 
vestitus is called " Bruera," a word which denotes land covered with 
heather. (Du Cange.) The woods here said to contain .xv. and .xl. acres 
are there described as containing -Cxv. and .C.^1. acres. 

Page 53. In Frutectis — Frutetum, ground in which willows or reeds 
mav be grown. In Fruietis et arundinetis masime nascitur. (Pliuv.) 

Page 54. Ad r^avera et ad .-.tagnum. — The services of loading and 

" In the district around Igiau ia Mor-via, an c\'l burial ground is called " Saaracker," 
the word Saar or Sar meanine ?. eb:-5t. The editor i- indebted to a friend for this 

illustrative coLijeclure. 


sending the ship with tlie firma for St. Paul'S; and of repairing the mill-dam. 
"We learn from I. SP, that the sum received in lil79, under the name of 
schepselver; as a commutation of the service of carrving the firms' to 
London,; vras 24.'?., paid in equal portions of 8.<;. at three periods of the vear, 
the Manor furnishing three firma? at those intervals. 

Page 56. Partio'pabit in nno mullone feni. — The mow of hav so 
divided was the produce of half an acre. (I. 86 a.) 

Wardpennv. — It is evident, that as the Maltsilver and Landgavel here 
mentioned were payahlc to the Lord, so also was the Wardpennv. (Note, 
p. 34, Viss'iluhil circa cm-iam.^ It is, however, to be observed that 
Wardpennv was one of the pnvmcnts due to the Crown and pavable at the 
Countv Court (see page 58) : but whether as a commutation for anv, or 
what kind of guard, we are not Informed. At page 64 we read, that the 
IManor of Barling paid for its two hides and a half thirteen pence for Ward- 
penny, towards which the Demesne lands contributed two pence. The names 
of the tenants from whom the Wardpennv was due are given at p. 68. 

57. Ad stipularn. — The service of collecting straw for thatching, as in 
p. 56, "ad grangias cooperiendas." 

Decern acrce pro ferramentis carvcaruvi faciendls. — This tenement 
was in 1279 held bv Johannes " Faber," or Smith. In I. 86 b. this service 
is more fully described. The Smith paid no rent, but he made all the iron- 
work of the ploughs, shod four plough-horses (affros de caruca) and one 
cart-horse, the Lord providing iron and steel (asserrum) for the ploughs, 
and iron and nails for the horseshoes. 

Page 58. Cum sex hidis trium solandaruni. — From the description 
given (p. 93) of the solanda of Chiswick " quae per se continet duas hidas," 
we infer, that the three Solaudas here mentioned, contained each of them two 
hides also. and. as has been stated in the Introduction (p. xiv.), of less 
dimension than the ordinary hide. It was there conjectured, that the 
Solanda might represent the Kentish solimus of 180 acres, and be composed 
of two hides of \'0 acres each. The word "Solanda"" in the Inquisitions 
of Tillingham and of Dravton in 1181 (pages 142, 145). and in that of 
Drayton in 1279 (I. 128). is written " .Scolanda " and " Scholanda.'" At 
Dravton in the accoimt of John Derman's tenement, who was said to hold 
forty-three and a half acres " terrye arabilis,'" and three acres and a half 
"de la Scoland," "ploughed land." would seem to be opposed to " Scoland." 

TO THE ST. Paul's do^iesday, a.d. 1222. Ixxix 

It is liowever there particularly stated, that the Scholaud contained one 
hide of four virgates or G4 acres; the virgate of Drayton containing only 
16 acres; and thus the smallness of this hide of Scholanda at Drayton 
confirms the conjecture, that hides in Solanda or Scholanda were generally 
less than the ordinarv bide. 

Page 59. Cum quieicit cohunium ptv ]Vainairiura. — When the 
demesne lies fallow after ploughing. 

ISercurice. — Sheepwalks. Sercarius (see page 105) the keeper of the 
sheepwalk. The root of the word is supposed to be the Latin " Vervex," a 
•wether sheep. (Du Cange.) 

Page 60. Hopu de Marisco. — Germani Hofas solitarias colonorura aedes 
vocant. Du Cange in verbo Huoa. 

Page 64. Proprio cusiufnejiio suo et periculo. — This is further 
explained, I, 84 b. The firma; were sent to London by water. If the ship 
was lost, but any one escaped, the tenants bore the loss of the cargo, and 
were answerable for the firmat. The value of the carriage of four firms to 
London was estimated at \I. 6s. Sd. 

Portandas uT danningam. — The text is misprinted pwtandas ; ul' is 
probably ultra. Danningam, or Dengey. is the adjoining village, to which 
the corn was to be carried, in order to its being shipped. 

Reddunt istce duce hidcp, fyc — In the year 1236, 19 Henry III. the 
Chapter had a renewed grant of this Manor from the Crown, which exempted 
them from suit at the county and hundred court, from payment of Ward- 
pennv, Hundredpenny, Tithingpenry, and view of Francplego. and confirmed 
to them Saca et Soca. Sec. (I. 163.) 

Page 66. Ad apcriendos selunes ad aquce ductum. — The service of 
letting off the water by opening the furrows between the ridges. At 
Chingford (I. 63) we read " Et sciendum est, quod si debeat waterfur- 
giare, debet desiccare xx partitos, et si cum caruca ad waterfurgiandum 
l^iic) tunc debet desiccare x. panitos." The purtiti appear to be the 
seUiortes. and ten openings with the plough were accounte>d equal to twenty 
made by the spade. 

Page 67. Acram unam Gari:acroin. — It appears from a passage in the 
Rotuli Hundred, p. 868, '• arabit duos se'.iones, qui vocantur grasacre," 
that the Grasacre consisted of two strips or ridges, called " Balks." 

Page 6S. Iriferius notati dehent Wurdpenny. — It would appear from 


this list, that the burden of the "^A'ardper.ny (mentioned at p. G4 as annually 
payable bv ih.e manor to the bailifi' of the hundred of Rt'.lee), borne bv 
those tenants in particular, v, ho held " terras operarias," in most instances, 
of half a virgate ; and that the payment was chargeable upon the land, and 
not upon the persons, the pavment being continued though the lands by 
escheat became attached to the demesne. A similar list is found at p. 85 of 
eight persons of the m.anor of Xastok. who paid 2c?. each towards the IGd. 
which was due to tlie court of the hundred at Hocktide. Of these eight 
persons four were Libere TenenteS; other three Nativi. the Libere Tenentes 
probably paying the "NVardpenijy, as holding lands formerly belonging 
to persons of the latter cla-s. In tlie Survey of Sutton in IL'22 there 
is no similar enumeration, 'ilthough Wardpenny is mentioned as paid 
by four of the tenants holding half virgates. But the Survey of 1279 
(I. 28) contains the names cf tv-, elve persons who paid '2d. each as Ward- 
pennv, together with notice of a Wardpennv of a different character, re- 
sembling that paid to the Bercarius at Bcrnes. p. 105. for the custody of 
sheep in the common pasture. " Quilibet habens averia super terruras 
Domini ad valentiam xxx<^ dabit unum denarium ad festum S'ci Martini, 
qui vocatur Wardpenv. exceptis illis qui sunt de Ward vigilanteS; qui 
vigilant ad regiam stratam de nocte (then follow the twelve names), et 
recipient Wardestof, et facit (sic) summonitionem de Vigilia. et erit quietus 
pro summonitionibus de denariis qui vocantur Wardpenny." In the Survey 
of Cbiugford of \'2'22 no distinct mention is made of Wardpennv. but in the 
Survey of 12"9 (I. Go), which recites a " Finalis concordia"' made between 
the Abbot cf Waltham and the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, 4 Hen. 111. 
with respect to the Services due to the Half-hundred of the Abbot from the 
Tenants of the Manor of Cbingford, some statements are made, which 
illustrate the duty of " Ward " as rendered at the court of the Hundred, as 
well as the pavment of Wardpenny within the Manor. That document 
states, that it was anciently the custom, that all the Tenants of the Manor, 
whether Liberi or Villani. should attend unsummoned three lagebundreds 
in the vear, from the Tuesdav next after the Feast of St. .^lichael for 
fifteen davs, from the Tuesdav after the Epiphanv for fifteen days, and 
also from Hobday, on which latter dav the tenants were bound '• pra?sen- 
tare quandam Wardam in quocam baculo qui vocatur \\'arde?taf." This 
service was due at the Hundred Court. But when the View of Francplege 

TO THE ST. TArL"? DOMESDAY,. A.l^. 1222. Ixxxi 

■u-as held aDnuallr, on Friday in 'WLitsun week, at the church at Chingford, 
by the BaililT of the Hundred, and tfie Baihff of the Manor, then, according 
to ancient custom, ten pence vra; vJA for sVardpcnnv. 

Charcliiure. — Apparently a foru: of '• cariare,"' (carro veliere), and of the 
French "charier." (Du Cange.) 

Page 70. De creiruuto iit iit perpetuiiin. — In almost all cases the 
increase of rent appears to have been a penny per acre. The tenants 
probably obtained a right of inheriti.nce by the increased payment. 

Page 72. Duos T^'ardacras oV frinnento et arena. — The number of 
tenants here enumerated as perfomjing this service is ten. We learn from 
I. 66, Nvhere eight tenants of this class are mentioned, that the whole land 
reaped bv them was four acres, t^^o of wheat and two of oats. Thev also 
furnished one of the four men who with the Pr.'ppositus attended at the 
assize upon the Justices in Eyre to represent the Villata. (Bract on, 
109 b, 143 b ; Britton, ch. 2, De Eyres.) 

Page 73. Prcrpositus hundred i. — The steward of the hundred of Angra. 
The JBaro described in the next pare as holding the hundred pro tempore 
appears to be a person of a dinerent rank. 

Page 74. Coperuncs fui-tnan. — The loppings of the trees felled for 
timber. Cupeiia. — Arborum extremitates. Pustis. — Arbor justae magni- 
tudinis. (Du Cange.) 

Hidre cornpjutahUes sicut dim. — In this Manor the Hide contained 140 
or seven score acres, and the Virg-ate twenty. (See page 81.) 

Acr<p de frenexteio. — Genista. Broom. At Havering, which is in the 
neighbourhood of Xastok, the For^ters exacted toll (Cheminagium) from 
the men of the hundred, tarn de gencito viridi quam sicco. (Flot. Hund. 
vol. i. p. 152.) The Genectum was sometimes tithable. (Du Cange in 
voce Genectum.) 

Page 75. Povcos in ppf-s^ona. — Pessona, Pastio. Du Cange. Herbage, 
acorns, nuts, or anvthing which miirht be eaten, is included under the term 
" pessor.a."" Bracton, f. 222 b. 

In For€i:teria Bosci chouat h^ifditatau. — Tliis claim was not unusual 
(compare p. 9S). the perquisites of the o£ce being, as appears, a source 
of profit. 

Page TG. Curia halet foregii.'t sed dnt ruriJiuram. — The mianing of 
the term forcgriit has no: been ascertained. It may jirobably be the 

C.VMD. .<iOC. ;// 


Tolnetum ad ^Tolendinum. which forms the subject of enactment in 
the Statutum de Pi-^tovibus. Statutes of the Realm, vol. i. p. 203. 
'• The toll of a niill shall be taken according to the custom of the 
land, and accordincr to the strength of the water-course, either to the 
twentieth or four-and -twentieth corn. And the measure whereby the 
loll must be taken shall be agreeable to the King's measure, and toll 
shall be taken by the rase, and not by the heap or cantel. And in case 
that the firmarii find the millers their necessaries, they shall take nothing 
besides their due toll ; and if they do otherwise they shall be grievously 

Minn Aven(P. — The Mina was a measure which contained four and a 
half bushels (T. 71.) This pavmcnt was sometimes tenned Foddercorn. 
Page 77. Rcgardum. — The Survey, or Visitation of a Forest. 
Page 79. Bruera. — Probably "brushwood." In Bracton, ly. iv. c. 38, 
we find mention of " Jus falcandi herbam vel Brueram vel hnjusmodi ad 
rationabile estoverium." 

Page 80. Parva Periica. The ordinary perch appears to have been 
16 n, and the greater perch 24 (see page 92). The lesser perch was 
probably that of ten or of twelve feet. (See Du Cange.) 

Page 81. Havedsoi. — Head money, otherwise termed Chevagium. At 
page 83 a particular account is given of this payment. Single persons 
paid a pennv. T^Iarried persons two pence. It was paid at Whitsuntide. 
These persons were Nativi. But the pavment gave them the privilege of 
going out of the ]Manor, " habent exitum "' (see Introduction, p. xxiv), and 
thcv had the right of wood and water on the demesne. 

Fulcuhit dimidiam acrarn et veriit ad Pedemad. — Bedmath is the 
service of Haymaking. It is fully described in I. 70, where the service of 
mowing the halfacre here mentioned has the distinguishing name, Bed- 
halfaker. Twenty-six mowers and eight haymakers were entitled for this 
service to the bread of four bushels of wheat, a live sheep, a cheese of the 
value of 5c/.. and a cheesemold, first filled with salt, and afterwards with 

Page 82. Pespectus. — Mora, dilatio, continuatio temporis — an adjourn- 
ment to a future day, to give time for giving an answer. (Spelman.) Hence 
our word " Respite." 

Page 85. Pro Communitaie Pasioragii. — The description of " com- 

TO THE ST. P/UL'S DOMESDAY,. A.D. 1222. Ixxxlii 

rnunia pastura?," and of the law respecting it, occupies three chapters of the 
fourth book of Bracion. The right of comraunia varied, however, so much, 
and was souietirces so limited, that it is possible, the privilege which the 
Villata of Nastock enjoved, might only be that of grazing cattle, without 
including the right of panLage. or the full enjoyment of the " pessona.'" 

Inquisitio facta an?io iecundo post translat'ionem Beati Thovice. — The 
insertion of this date is remarkable. The translation of the remains of 
Saint Thomas of Canterbury took place on the 7th Julv. 1220. We arc not 
informed as to the time of the year when this inquisition was begun ; but the 
visit of the Dean and the Treasurer to Cbingford must have taken place 
prior to 7 Julv. 1222. 

Per Rohpvtum Decanvm, k.c. — Robert de Watford was Dean from the 
year 1218 to 122S. Henry the Chancellor was Henry de Coriihill ; he 
became Chancellor in 1217, and Dean in 1254. Peter the Treasurer here 
mentioned as the " firmarlus " was Peter de Saucta Maria : he was Pre- 
bendary of Isledon. 

De Carmos. Moellos ei Jantes et JVdeTicIit. — Are these the names of 
particular woods or of materials ? Wdericht seems to be some special right 
of wood, apparentlv different from the right of supply of wood for the carts. 
Page 86. Duo Lagehundred. — The law courts of the hundred. The 
law-day is mentioned in Siatut. 1 Edw. IV. c. 2. In tlie Forest Laws of 
Cnut, c. ix. we read, " Sint omnes quieti ab omnibus procurationibus, sum- 
monitionibus et popularibus placitis, quas hu7idred lughe Angli dicunt." 
Page 90. Duo fa de arena. — Two Fardings or Quarters. 
Aversilver. — Money in lieu of carriage or avera2"e. 

Qudvta jjdfs 'j/Iuinhi. — The plurabus is a leaden fat belonging to the 
brewery, frequently mentioned in the inventories of the manors, pp. 121, 
132, 137, 146, and in some cases as "plumbus super furnacem." The text, 
as it stands, is defective in meaning; but the inquisition of 1279 justifies 
the conjecture, that the service here mentioned is that of filling one-fourth 
of the boiler or " plurabus super furnacem," for the purpose of a bath ; for 
we there read (I. 6(.'. 63.) of four tenants of this manor, who were bound 
" Balinare dominum.. et aquam portare, et calefacere ad idem." 

Page 92. Duot firhnis phnas. — The "plena firma" is distingiiislicd from 
the " brevis firma'' which is mentioned at p. 122 a^ pavable in 11.30 from 
the manor of Wicharn : but the relative 'prujiortioii; of the tv,o firnue arc not 


discoverable. The nuniLer of firmas pavable from each manor varied ar- 
cording to its extent. (See Introduction, p. xxxix.) In later times each 
firjna contained 16 quarters of wheat; 16 quarters of oats, and three quarters 
of barley. 

Page 96. Joh'nincs Fahcr. — In 1279 AVal:er Fabcr held this tenement, 
and pcnormed this service: '' Dat unum hanmm ferreum de redditn ad 
carncni in coquina erigendam, die quo dominus habet magnama Alebedrip 
(probably the time of brewing, when the tenants supplied utensils), et 
habebit jentaculum suum." (I. 27.) 

Page 103. Bernci. — Tliis manor is described in the Exchequer Domes- 
day as forming part of the Archiepiscopal manor of Mortalage, and held of 
the Archbishop bv the Canons of St. Paul's. The pr;pdial services due 
from them of ploughing a certain quantitv of the Archbishop's land "ad 
cibum in curia archiepiscoj-i,'' and of attending the " precaria^ " of the 
Archbishop, illustrate the position, that the performance of prsedial services 
does not imply degradation in condition. 

Quorum tamen num um recepit. — The reading is uncertain. Nvnnnuin 
would mean monev received for defects, but nurneriim appears preferable 
as denoting the enumeration of the buildings in the lease granted to the 
firmarius. In the lease granted to Gerard de Cusance in 1317 (I. 169) 
there is a clause respecting improvements and dilapidations, which illustrates 
the allusion here made to the " mclioratio '' and " deterioratio " of the 
buildings, '• Et quicquid meliorationis inventum fuerit tunc ibidem in 
domibus vel utensilibus prjedictis per cum receptis liberura et quietum 
eisdem decano et capitulo remanebit, ita tameu quod, si domes aliquas 
inutiles vel ruinosas destruxerit, vel onerosas aut male dispositas in melius 
mutaverit alibi transferendo vel competentius disponendo. debita recom- 
pensatio sibi fiat de necessariis et utilibus meliorationibus per eum. ut 
prcemittitur, factis cum aliis inutilibus vel ruinosis per eum destructis, et vel 
male dispositis alibi translatis, seu utilius et melius ordinatis, dum tamen 
sufficientia aysiamenta domorum necessariarum et utihum diraittantur." 

Page lu5. Ponunt fuldoin t^naia. — The folding from Hokdav to the 
first of August on the demesne, and paying for the cliarge of the stock so 
folded, was an advantage to the lord, both as respects the manuring of the 
demesne and providing the wages of his shepherd. 

Co/icmu/iis ]j(j.itura. — This right of feeding is distinct from that of 

TO THE ST. Paul's domesday, a.d, 1222. Ixxsv 

folding just mentioned, which wa^ limited to the demesne land? between 
Hokday and the first of August. It was that denominated pasture of 
common, and was enjoyed from Easter to Michaelmas ; nor was the lord 
bound to provide anj- shepherd for the sheep thus depastured. 

Page 107. Inrotuhiiio, &c. — These extracts from the enrolments of the 
-proceedings of the Justices in Eyre of the 5 and 20 Ed. I. 1277 and 1292, 
form the la'^t page (but in a much later hand) of the Domesday of 1222. 

I isles cl reuard' furest(P. — The views and surveys of the King's 

Quieta de canihus expedUandis. The not being compelled to laic their 
dogs, bv mutilati'jg their feet to prevent their chasing the game. 

Iirilladdm-a. — The growing corn on assart lands. 

Dc AiT/iett- Picot. — In an Inquisition made 3 Edw. I. merition is made 
of a Purprestura at Chingford held by one Picot who paid to the Treasurer 
of St. Paul's three days' work and three halfpence. (Rot. Hundred, vol. 
I. p. inc.) From the Placita de Quo V>'arrauto (p. 282) it appears that 
in the 6 Edv,-. I., the year follovring this circuit or iter of Roger de 
Clifford, the Bishop of London and the Chapter defended their rights on 
this manor by producing their charters, and that they were dismissed " sine 
die," their claim being allowed. 

Hehrugire, Chingefuvd. — The Chapter appear to have been charged 
with a Purprestura committed in the time of SimiOn de Stanbrugg. The 
Charter of King John which had been produced at Chingford (6 Edw. II. ) 
was produced again, and the rights of the Chapter both at Chingford and 
Hevbridee allowed. 




This MS. for the trauscription of which the Editor is indebted to the 
Rev. H. O. Cox, Ui:idcr-Librarian of the Bodleian, contains onl\' two leaves, 
written in double columns, of the folio size, the handwriting- and the page 
beinsr of the same character but rather larger than that in the Domesdav 
of ]-2'22. Thev are part of a book which originaliv contained, as is shown 
bv the Capitula (p. 110). not only the Inquisition of 1181, but many 
other particulars relative to the Cathedral and its possessions. 

Page 109. An7}us ah Incarnuiionc, fyc. — The date of the Inquisition, 
as commencing Jan. 8, 1181, and svnchronizing with the 21 of Alex- 
ander III. and the 27 of Henry II. accords with the Chronological Tables 
of Sir H. Nicolas. The King Henry here mentioned, as the king's son, 
was the eldest son of Henry II. who was crowned king during his father's 
lifetime, on the l4lh June, 117(», being t]}en fifteen years of age. He 

died at Castle Martel, in Turenne, in 1182 ; his father died in 1 !S9, He 
was crowned a second time at ^Vinchester after his m.arriage vrith Mar- 
garet, the only daughter of Louis VII. King of France ; and, as he was 
twice crowned, he was also twice buried, first at Mans, and afterwards at 

Rouen. Sandford, Geneal. Hist. j-. 67. 

Page 110. Herchertus Carduarieiisis ArchidiucoJius. — This person 

was probably Herebertus Pauper, who in 1194 was consecrated to the 

see of Salisburv. Godwin de Pra:-sulibus, p. -342. 

Rohertus jMaiitell. T icecomes. — He was Sheriff of Esse.x and Herts for 

twelve years subsequent to the 16 Henry 11. ; the two counties being under 

the same sheriff until the 9 Eliz. (Fuller's Worthies, vol. i.) He wi:s the 

founder of the monastery of Bileigh. in the parish of Maldon. 

yicholas de Sigi/Io. — He v,as probablv a relation of Robertus de 

Sigillo, who died Bishop of London in 1151. Nicholas, surnained Scriba. 

was also a Canon of St. Paul's at the time of this Inquisition. 


Ih'cardus Ixuffus. — A Canon and Prebendary of Twj-ford. who, in the 
time of Hugo de Marini the Dean, becauje the Firmarius of Btlchamp 
(See the Lease, p. 13S). His surname Ruffus distinguishes him from 
Richard the Archdeacon, who had also held the lease of that manor, but 
who was not Archdeacon of Essex later than 1 16S. Newcourt, in his 
Repertorium, has assigned the surname of Ruffus to the Archdeacon, but, 
as it appears, incorrectly'. It is remarkable that among the lists of tenants 
of the manor of Belchamp in 1222, the name of Matilda occurs as " relicta 
Ricardi Ruffi,"' and as holding an acre of land. 

Odo de Dammarilno. — This person does not appear to have been a 
canon. The family, of which he was a member, was settled at Norton? 
the church of which was given in the reign of Ric. I. by Bartholomew de 
DaramartinO; the patron, to the nuns of St. Leonard's at Bromley. 

Johannes de Marigni. — Possibly a relation of Hugo de Marini, the 
predecessor of Radulphus de Diceto in the deanery. 

Nicholas Londoniensis Archidiaconus. — In the List of the Prebendaries 
of Oxgate, this Nicholas is mentioned as being the son of Nicholas Croce- 
mannus, the former prebendary. 

Page 112. Incjuisitlo facta infra viginti dies duos. — This progress began 
in the winter in the month of January. That in 1222 appears to have 
taken place at Midsummer. In 1279 the progress began on the 19th Sept. 
at Nastock, and ended at Chiswick on the 24ih Oct. ; more places were then 
visited, and the whole time occupied thirty-six days instead of twenty-two. 

Page 113. Reginaldus pra-pnsitus. — Mentioned in 1222 as having been 
a tenant of this manor. See page 7, and note there. 

Page 114. Ric. urcharius — Asclietillus — Stonhardas. — Among the 
jurors in 1222 we find Thomas Archer, Ankeiillus and Stonhardus. The 
two latter were probably the persons who had served forty years before. 

Rohertus persona tenet. — The lands of this Robert Persona were held 
(the stanwlnesland excepted) in 1222 by Ricardus de Petewineshale ; and 
subsequently bv Nicholas de Petewineshale; and in 1279 by Nicholas his 
son. In 1240, another member of the family, William de Petewinesball, 
held a messuage formerly held by Richard. It is probable that Robertas 
Persona was the ancestor of the family. We learn from I. 101, that, prior to 
1279, Nicholas, the son of Nicholas, had sold all his land but seven or 
eight acres, one Martinus de Suthmere being both the purchaser of the 


fourscore acres T,-hicb belonged to Nicholas, and also the tenant of twcnfy- 
four acies. for -^bich he rendered service to the manor for himself and his 
tenants ; the saire Martinus having fourteen tenants rendering him service, 
\\hilst he himself rendered service for a small portion to another tenant, 
Robert Lovekvn. v.ho had tenants under him, himself also rendering service 
to the manor. Such was the intricacv attendant upon manorial subinfeuda- 
tion, being the counterpart upon a smaller scale of the intricacy of the 
relations; in which kings aud princes and nobles stood to each other, as 
possessors of lards, either in the same or in different countries, under the 
svstem of feudalitv. vrhich scarcely recognised the possession of land a])art 
from fealrv. or the performance of some kind of personal ser\ice. 

Bandulj'iius j,r<Tj>os\lus. — The tenement held by this person is men- 
tioned in \2-12 as held by V\'illiam the son of Absolon at the same rent, 
v.-f. \\d. 

Page 117. lit'i tenerd terras operarias. — The possessors of some of 
these lands apT:>ear in the subsequent Inquisition of 1222. Stanhard's 
half-virgate \va; held bv John de Wicham : that of Lambertus, the son of 
Ailinar. descended to his daughter, Basilia ; that of Lambertus grossus to 
his ■widow Alicia. Robert the son of Wlurmus was still alive ; and his son 
had h>ecome a tenant. 

IN BELCHAMP. a.d. 1^40. pp 118— 12L 

This document, which exhibits an increase made in the rent parable bv 
the Tenants of certain lands of the demesne termed "inlands'* to the amount 
of one-lialf of the former rent,, illustrates the statement in the Introduction 
(p. viii.), that increase of rent v,-a? to be obtained ])v the lords of manors 
only for newly inclosed lands, or for lands belonging to the demesne. 

These tenants had held their lands " sine auctoritate capituli," that is. at 
the will of the firmariu-. and it is to be remarked, that the proposal to increase 
the rent came from the tenants themselves. '• infrascripti tenentes augmentave- 
runt rcddiiura assisnm." on the condition that they should hold under the 
chapter, " ut auctoritas capituli interveniret." It is probable, that thus 
holding of the chapter, they acquired a permanent and hereditary right in 
the land : the survey of Runwe'l in 1222 (pp. 70, 71) containing a record 
of a similar increase in the rent of lands in the demesne, with the addition 
" de crcmento per capitulura, ut sit perpetuum." 

The number of the tenants in this document is 31. In ten instances 
either the tenants or their fann''.v mav be identified in the survey of 1222, 
viz. Henr' Pictor, Rogerus fil' Rob'. Joliaunes Pelliparius, Henr' dux, 
Auicia relicta Giliberti suori=, V\";il" de Petewinshale, LaiTjbertus faber, 
Rob'tus Icffrich. et Will's Mot. cari>^ntarius A similar identification might 
be made from the survey of 1279, as compared with this list in 1240. 
"With respect to the tenants of the demesne of this manor of Belchamp, it. 
is remarkable, that the information respecting them in the documents of St. 
Paul's relates to four periods, the rears 1181, 1222. 1240, 1279. Hugo 
de St. Edmund, here mentioned as Gustos Manerii, was Prebendorv of 
Ealdstreet. and 1250 Archdeacon of Colchester. 

CA-MD. .'SOC. 



TWELFTH CENTURY, pn. 1:^2—139. 

Of these documeuls. s-e\eriteen in nuaiber, sixteen relate to the manors 
of Wicham, Cadendun. Runv.ell; Adulvesnasa, I'.arling. Bernes, Kens- 
^vurtb, I'elchump, Nastock, Sandun. Chingeford, and Ardelev, and one to a 
property at Tvrvford. whic'i is recorded in the Exchequer Domesday 
(Middx.) as belonging to ti'^ Canons of St. Paid's, but wi.ieh. being held 
as a di:^;inct pri.'r;£ud. and nc: furuiing a part of the " communa." was not 
included in tt:e I'.iquisitlon c:' 122-2. 

These docunKnt^. as recorded in Booic L (tbl. 32 — 46). are transcripts 
of leases, which.; as appears from tlio lease of Bekhamp I'p. 13S K were 
executed in two parts and indented; as to their date, thev are earlier by 
several years than the Charta; of the same kind in Macox's Formulare 
Anglicanum. and they form the commencement of a series of sinjilar 
documents now remaining in the archives of St. Panl's, under whicli, 
modified frcm timie to time as fresh conditions were added lo the lease, the 
Canons who were Residentiiries held the r\Ianors of the cathedral as 
lessees to the end of the £fte-enth century. 

Page 122. Jlcfc e^:! conrentu^- inter capituhim . . . e( Hohertum Jilmm 
AiliL-ini sacerdotis. — It appears from the names of the witnesses to this 
lease that Ailvanns tiie priest had four sons, Robert, \Vi;lism, Ranulph, 
and Henry, '\^"hctber matrimony was allowed or not to priests, it is thus 
cei-tain. that in that age thev did not disown their children. Among the 
witnesses in the next lease (;;. 124) we find \\'alter the son of ih.e Bisiiop. 

Debet reddere Holer.' us : and p. 123. Debet A'divinus teddere. — The 
scribe, in niaking cut the lease to Robert the son, of a property held by 
Ailwincs the father, at pu-ars to have cojned the origirial La-e to Ailwinus 
without properly alteri::g the liSm.e. The names of the w'tnesses do not 
supply the means of detcrm.:t:;ing the date of this K'ase, w:.:ch is in sub- 
stance as old as of the father of Robert, and is uj on the face 
of it a transfer of the lease f.-om the fat'iier to the son. 


In fesio S'cti Mart'nu. et S'cti Journiis Bopti^ta. — The firma of 
W'ichara, originallv parable at these fea^ts, continued to be on nearly 
tlie same days, and at the same intervals, at a nvjch la:er period. (See the 
Tables, p. 155-159.) 

Sexdecevt hoves ipie-irajxi,' ■prei'jlutu xxvlild. — The priceS; which are 
affixed to the different kinds of live stock in these leases, being those 
];ayab1e at the end of the lease, may be assumed to represent their ordinary 
value; oxen and horses being- worth 3.y. ; sheep 3(7 , 4 f/., and Ld.\ and 
go;its Ad.\ boars and sows from ^aI. to \-ld.\ pigs, varying according to 
tiieir size and age. from a pennv for a sucking-pij, to -if/., or/., 5>(/.,and \^d. 
We have to remark, that the lov.cst prices for horses arjd oxen are 
those fixf-'d in tins lease to llob^rt the sen of Ailvrin. the horses being 
valued at 2.v. 6o'. instead of 'of., and the oxen at 2.v. -.d.. the values being 
reduced from those in the lease b-.ld bv his father. A goat also in the 
father's lease was valued at Gf/.. b^t in the son'^ at Ad. Tlie prices of the 
stock in the lease of Sandun (^p. 13-J), granted in 1155, are interesting, as 
showing a great variety in the v^jiues of the horse= on that manor ; the careta- 
rius equus being worth 6<-. '2d . others 5.<;., As . and '2s-. There wa« a similar 
difference in the value of oxen of 5.v. Ad . o<.. and Zs. The two leases 
of Ardele (pp. 135, 136). (the first of which was granted in 1141), show 
also similar differences of value : in the horses and oxen were 
valued at 3.?.; but in the latter, the horses we.'-e valujd at 3s. and 65., the 
oxen at S.v. and 2.s. 

Cinn fii. deuariis eJeinrj^in^. — This sum was received every week by 
the Almoner : it was probably applied, not to the poor generally, but to 
the '' pueri elemosinariee."" or choristers, as ther were afterv>-ards termed. 

Tripes cu)tt raaininohi. — A three-legged stool with a hand-mill. In the 
inventory of Wicham, in 1279 (I. 97), the word is '-raola manualis." 

Orreum. — The dimensions here given of the heirht from the floor to 
the principal beam {trahes); from the principal to the ridge (festurn); 
the lateral distance between the pillars {po-:tcs)\ the breadth of the 
wing or aisle (ala); and the v.hole length, with the Ihpped bays or 
lean-to at the end of the barn (nuit culucii.^ }. exhibit the entire structure 
of the barn. 

Page 123. Orreum plenKVi dt jiiancorno — plenviu fruinenfi — pJeniim 
ave?2a. — .-\s the tenant generally received in stock on iiis entering upon the 
manor the produce of the former rear, so at the termination of the lease 


he left behind the same quantity. The stock of corn and cattle thus put 
into the tenants' hands v;as equivalent to so much capital towards carrying 
on the ^ork of the farm. 

Page 123. Contra ca.'ftlla. If we accept the definition of Wardpcnr, 
a? given by Spelman, " Denarii Vicecomiti ^el aliis Castcllanit: persoluti 
ob castronim pr^psidium vel cxcubias." we mav infer that V\'ardpfcny is the 
payment here alluded to. though described in an unusual m.anner. 

Page 124. Totum hladurn Jiiareerii. — The produce of a whole year. 

AJ hberaih)7ie?n. — For wages to the members of the cathedral. (See 
Introduction, p. xlvii.) 

Page 125. Adquietavit ipse Ricardns. — As the tenant of Wicham 
guaranteed to protect the rights of the villa against tlie usual demands of the 
County (see page 123), so' here there was an engagetnent to defend the like 
right against tlie King, and speciallv ac^ainst penalties for •' sarlum," or 
breaking up forest land. The influence of Kichard the Archdeacon with 
the Chapter must have been powerful to procure him permission to name the 
Canon, who should succeed him in the lease. The mention of his purpose 
to plai:t a vineyard, dividing the wine made between himself, his successor, 
and the Chapter, and the engagement ou the part of the Chapter to confirm 
all the agreements, which the Archdeacon should make with the tenants as 
respected rents, are proofs, that the taking the lease was really a com- 
mercial speculation. 

JReddet in die annii:crsarii ejus. — A pavment for an obit on the anni- 
versarv- of his death and the perfornriance of a mass. 

Adulvesnasa. — This extensive manor comprised a large district in the 
hundred of Tendring and county of Essex, containing three jiarishes, 
Thorpe, Kirkby, and Walton, called at this day, with reference to the 
ancient manorial jurisdiction of the Chapter, " The Sokens." Of all the 
Manors possessed by the catliedral it lav at the greatest distance, and pro- 
bably was on that account not included in the number of the Manors 
which rendered the firmae everv week at St. Paul's. At the end of 
the twelfth century the rent of this Manor was 45/., but when Richard de 
Newport, as Prebendary of Islington, held the lease (prior to 1304) the 
annual rent paid by him for the Manor and the tithes was lO-l/. in quarterly 
payments. (L 167.) 

-SV.'.^' 01/,/iiiiioda hercdiidic. — A provision, ccnibineci with those which 
fbllov,. barrincr the heirs of the lessee fi-om anv cl;;i;n of possession. I'hat 


this vras not an uunecessan- prt-tiutioc. is shown by proceedings which look 
place in 46 Men. I II. in a cans* t»rfore the Justices in Eyre, at Chelmsford, in 
which Richard de Tilhurr brourr.t an ejectment against the tlien Firniarius 
of the Manor and Church of P.Uingham. alleging xhat he was the grand- 
son and heir of Richard de Tilliugham his grandfather, who had died 
siezed in fee of the premises : the fact being, that this Richard had no 
other interest in the premises, eicept that as his father and uncle were the 
Firruarii of the Manor, and his :incle also Firmarius of the Church under 
the Chapter; he himself was h-jm in the Manor House. The Dean and 
Chapter appeared to answer in bthalf of iheir tenant, and the case went to 
a jurv : the verdict was in favc»ir of the Chapter, and Richard de Tilbury 
was " in misericordia pro falso tlamore."' (Book I. fol. 7'2h.) 

Page 1:26. JinplnuerJum. — The term " implementum " appears, from 
the expression '• ircplemeatum c-Iadi ce meliori blado," to have a particular 
reference to produce. At pare 13S we find " instauranienta,'" and also 
" implementa." Possibly the cuantities of corn, which were part of the 
stock, were called '-implementa." as filling prescribed portions of the bams. 

Jn comtantlis. i.e. (see pp. li'O, 132, ''pistrini etbracini"). Constantias, 
expensse; Du Cange. — Under ;he term " constantias " it would seem, that 
not onlv wc>od for fuel in baizncr ate brewing was included, but also the 
wages of the brewer and baker: for in later times there was paid with each 
firma 6*. Sc?. for wood and 3.*. iO<f. for '• liberatio faraulorum." 

Ad cornvnniitatetu. — The chapter was termed " Communitas ; " the 
common fund divisible among teem. " Communia." 

Page 1:27. Ixecepti runt fia':res. ^c. — These persons were most pro- 
bably not received as Canons, bzt only admitted to the privilege of " Frater- 
nitv " (see Du Carge and Hofcaan in voce), as is shewn by the expression, 
"tam beneficiis quam orarionib^ii." This phrase, as denoting the advantage 
of masses and of prayers, occurs in a charter of the middle of tlie thirteenth 
centurv, now in the archives of Sc. Pau":'s, which (after reciting that Alexander 
the cordwainer and Roysia Lis wife had given to the Church of St. 
Augustine at the gate of St. Peal's a piece of ground on the north side of 
the church sixteen feet wide tjwards the north, and fifteen feet in lengih 
towards the west, for the exte*iiou cf the church and the erection of an 
altar to the Vi.'-gin> f^riher s:,i:es ; that in return for this gift the Rector 
of the church, with the consen; of the Dean and Chapter, had agreed " qucd 


ego Alexander et Alicia uxor mea (defuncts ). ct Roysia uxor mca^ participes 
crimus de omnibus henefic'ns ct ordiioTtilrns^once. in dicta ecclesia fuerint in 
perpetuum. Concessit etiam pro se et successoribus suis. quod specialiter 
in dict.i ecclesia nomiriritim erimus in diebus doniiiiicis. in preclbus commu. 
nibus pro bcnefactoribus ejusdem ecclesia?, et quod in singulis missis, qu£ 
in eodem altari Beata ?>Iaria3 virginis celebrabuntur, specialiter dicetur 
collect^i pro anima mea. uxori:m et benefactorum raeorum." 

It is probable that the " Confrari^ "' of which mention is made in the 
" Extenta terrarura Hospitalis S. Johannis JerusalfUi in Anglia."" recently 
published by the Camden Society, as always attendant upon every Pre- 
ceptory, and whose voluntary contributions formed a considerable part of 
irs revcnuHS. were fraternities of persons. v,ho shared the benefit of the 
prayers of tlie order. We may observe, that a Preccptory inhabited by 
two cr three or more members of the order would hardlv be lonelv, v.hen 
surrounded by a confraternity of persons living in socieTv, sharing the 
religious exercises of ti.e order, and contributing voluntarin-, but liberally, 
to its revenues. 

Gersuinfi. — This Anglo-Saxon word denotes any hind of compensation, 
whether in the way of purchase or reward, or for damages. The ten shil- 
lings here called gersunia was the premium or fine paid for the grant of 
the lease. 

Lancept. — h. varied form of landceap or landcop. money given for the 
possession or purchase of land. (See Laws of Ethelred, iii. 3. Du Cange. 
Bosworth's A.-S. Dictionarv.) 

Pro eorvm anirnahus, &c. — On the death of the survivor any property 
in the manor belonging to the tenant was to be accounted a legacy to the 
Chapter, to be disponed of to ]jious uses for tlie souls of the deceased 

De Tviferde. — This document is peculiarly interesting, as relating to 
one of those portions of the cathedral property which formed the "jire- 
bi^nda," or separate estate of one of the canons. (See Introduction, pp. iii. 
iv ) The exact time at wiiijii each of the thirty canons of the cathedral 
received an osteite for their maintenance apart from the " comm.una," or 
general fund, and entitled '• Prebendarii, de Tuiferd. de Willcsdon, 
de Neasdon,"' ^e. is involved in obscurity, ^^'e mav. however, trace the 
commencement of the system, as respects the caihrdral of St. Paul, in the 


iustnnces. which are recorded in the Exchequer Domesday, of Canons of ihe 
cathedral holding separate estates. In Tuiferd, Durandus and Gueri each 
htld two hidi-'S. In Rugemere. Radulphus. a canon, had a similar holding". At 
St. Pancras, Walter, a canon, also held one hide. The property which after- 
wards constituted the two prebends of Cadington was at that time held bv the 
Canons, but was not yet i:.ade " prebendal." (.See note, '• Prastur duas prs- 
bendas," p Ixiii.) With respect to the property at Tuiferd hc-rc mentioned, 
it is interesting to observe, that the same Durandus who held it in 10S6 
was alive in 1103, and that his name appears in the catalogue given in 
Newcourfs Rcpcrlorium (vol. i. p. -1") as tlie first prebendarv of 
Twyford. The property was subsequently held for a fevr years, as we 
learn from tliis charter, by Reynerus, aiid was then surrendered bv him to 
the Chapter in favour of Walter de Cranford and his daughter. The rent 
payable is remarkable, as consisting of five shillings in raonev, and also the 
tithes of corn, slieep, and goats. Twentv shillings — a sum equal to four 
times the rr,oney-rent — was aUo to be paid at the death of the sur- 
viving tenant as an obit, on the interment of his or her body at the 

Page 12S. Dc Kcnsicurda. — This manor, though it ioined Cadington, 
never paid its rent in " firms?,"' but. as the manor of Edulvesnasa, in money. 
The terms of the lease are remarkable, if the words " sic deinceps"" are to 
be literally understood, for it would seem that the rent varied in a cvcle of 
seven years. The first years rent being 5/., that of the second 6/., of the 
third 7/., of the fourth 8/. of the fifth, sixth, and seventh 10/., reverting 
again at the beginning of the second seven ye.ors to 3/. In 1279 the rent 
of the manor was £20 13a. 40"., and the value of the church twenty-eight 
marks, £18 13^. 4d. 

Ecclesiam liberam ah cmni perfona. — See Introduction, pp. xliv. xlv. 

Eladum J.vx. acrarum. — The deme-ne lands were generally cultivated in 
three courses, or seasons, as they were termed. In this manor the three 
courses were, seventy acres in winter corn, seventy acres in spring com, 
and eighty in fallow, '■ Warectata." 

r'age 129. Halla hujus inanerii, — The manor house consisted of three 
parts — the halla. the donms. and the thalamus. Their i-espective heights 
were 22 feet. 17 feet, and IS feet: if thev ranged in succession the whole 
lens-th was 35 + 12 -p 22 = 69 feet. The measurements above and below 


the beam indicate that each room was open to the roof, and that tlie n.of 
reseinbled that of a barn.* 

JRicard^/y ArcJn'd' n! tenerct EdoJrcsnasa. — The former lease of this 
manor to William de Occhenden has been noticed at p. l2o. It here 
appear;, that on his death Richard the Archdeacon of Essex bought the 
lease of that manor by paying 20 marcs '• in gersumam." From the 
account here given of his conduct in bargaining vrith the Chapter to hold 
Belchamp with Edulvesuasa; and extorting their consent to the non-fuifil- 
ment on his part of all the conditions on which he obtained the two manors, 
it would seen that he was not a favourite amongst his brethren. He is sup- 
posed to have been archdeacon 1142 to 1 168, He appears to have been 
a different person from Ricardus RutTus, who, a few vears latf-r. at the time 
of the inquisition of Riilph de Diceto in 1181 (see page 111), had accu- 
mulated to himself a large share of the cathedral possessions, holdinff at 
that time, together with Edulvesnasa and Belcham.p, the manors of Barling 
and Runwell. with a moiety of the manor of Sandone. Richard the Arch- 
deacon and Richard Ruffus are both of them mentioned as having at the 
same time an interest in the church and manor of Runwell. (See page I.tO.) 

Page 1.31. Hommes ex duobtis Orlocis. — Waleton, Kvrkbv, and Thorp 
were the ecclesiastical divisions of the great manor of Edulvesnasa in HSl 
(see pp. 148, 149). In the inquisition of 1222 the Hidarii of Kirkby and 
Horlock are enumerated together, and only one Horlock mentioned, A 
change appears to have been afterwards made in the duty of repairino- 
buildings here mentioned. At the time of granting this lease the tenants 
were to repair the four houses of the court, but not the great barn : whereas 
in 1222 the granarium of Waleton was to be repaired with timber felled. 
and prepared, and carried by them, and the ox house, " bovaria," (but not 
its lean-to, " culacium,") made at their own cost of labour. (See p. -.'8.) 

Adhuc in curia ilia sunt, (ic. — Inventories of tlie live and dead stock 
received, and to be rendered by tiie firmarius at the termination of his lease, 
continued for several centuries to form a part of the leases granted by the 
Chapter, the same articles of household furniture, tools, and utensils beincr, 
as it would seem,, handed down from generation to generation. The follow- 

* In otber leases, those of Adukesnasa (pp. 131, 132,, of Sandun (p. M4), of 
Ardeleia (-pp. 13G, 13'), the buildings of the manor-house are mentioned, but witiiout 
the accurate account cf the dimensions as here given. 


iiig column? exliibit the ir.rc-r.torie? of NValeto'.i and Thorpe, as given in this 
lease to Hicardus Ruffas in 1150. and in one granted to Kichard de New- 
port, vrho wa: Archdeacon of Middlesex in 1304. and whjch is recorded in 
Book I .foL 167. The list of utensils subjoined to the inventories contains 
tJie Gif:erent articles elsevrhere mentioned in the leases of St. Paul's in the 
Twelfth Centiirv. 

Irive.Mory of V-Vieton Invcritrry of M'aleton Englitli Names, 

in 1100. iii 13U4. 

Carri cjuatu r. Carri quaUior. . Carts. 

Corbells tres. CorLihi tre.-. Bjikets carried on the 

Vanni dao. . Vaa-i duo. The van, or basket, used in 

winnowing corn. 
Paria LiO'.arura duo. Ucu-x par tcolarum. A pair of mill stones. 

CuTse decern. Curse: decern. Tubs. 

Tunellse quatuor. Tunelli quanior. Barrels. 

PJumbi super fornaces duo. P.umbi fuper fornaces duo. Boilers of lead, with stoves. 
Tinae* duo. Bowls of wood. 

Tripod(:= tres. Quatuor noensffi cum trij>o- Tables with three legs. 

ScuteUce viginti. Dishes or platters. 

Najire dco pi. »:"*. Mapae dao pr. vi''. Tablecloths. 

CipLi Sf-r. made )irobably of metal. 

Dimidia summa de sale. D:rp-.d:a fartbendale saiis. Haifa load, half a quarter of 

Secures duo. Axes. 

Tabula uca cum trestlis. A table with trestles. 

Esperdestes de ferro et £ce- Efperducae ferri et acerii viii. Bars of iron and steel, crow. 

rio viii. bars. 

Ruschae quinque. Bee-hives of rushes. 

Other Uten'Sils. 

English Names. 
D.;cecuppsecumduobu5toDellis pr. xvLp. 1-2 Two lar;:e casks, with two small tuns. 
Tiijies -r cum manimola pr. ii'. . ., A three-legged stool, witli a hand-mill. 

Algre duo ..... p. 13- Two troughs. Fr. Augf. 
Mola una ..... ,, A inill-stone. 

Bacini duo .... ,. Two bafins. 

* '■ Habebunt unam tiaan: c>:ci cerrisia."' I. 132. 

" Asportavit qcand-am tinam plenam piiscibus." Rot. Hand. II. i?54. 
t Lnura molenninum macuale prosinap'.o (a mustard-mill). pr(.-iurn vi il. I. 1.">.1. 
CAMD. >0C. O 



Bucci duo . 
Banclium torn&tile 
Besca una . 
Ventilaria I!j:iea duo 

!Men5a doraiierjs 

Scala alta . 
YeDtoriuiTi : 

Eiigliib names, 

p. 132 Two buttf. 

,, A bench that turns up ? 

,, A fpade. 

,, A locg-bandled bill. 

,. Ae auger or wimble, 

p. 134 The lx^-o beams with sails for T^iiinovring ? 

p. 13G A bench. 

,, The cupboard where drinkiiig-vessels are 


p. 137 A table fixed, as distinguished from one 
,, Troughs or tubs. 

,, A high ladder. 

An oat sieve. F/-. vanette ? 

Page 131. Ad cnricnn periineTit singulis septimanis Ixix. opera. — In the 
inquisition of 1279 there is a list of the names of all the perscnS; 63 in 
number, from v,bom the " opera," or day-xvorks here mentioned, were due. 
The obligation was proportionate to the quantity of land, one day's labour 
per week being due for every five acres held by the tenant (see page 51, 
line 18). The whole amount of the labour here mentioned, at 69 days per 
week, is equal to that of eleven and a half men. The demesne land of 
Waieton in 1222 contained 720 acres, towards the cultivation of which that 
number of men would supplv no inconsiderable part of the necessary labour. 

Acra? de v:areto. rehinatce, faldatce. seminatce. — The nine score 
acres " de wareto '" here mentioned probably formed a third course or 
" seislo " of the demesne lands, of which we read at p 133, '• Tota seisio 
waretata." The words " rebinatse, faldatse. seminatas.' shew the actual 
condition of the fallow or wareta ; part was rehinata. twice ploughed 
(Du Cange) ; another part faldaia, folded with sheep for manure ; and 
another ieminuia, sown; the remainder was still waieta, or fallow. At 
p. 133, '■'■faldicium et/f;/i!'rm??7," folding and manure, are mentioned in con- 
junction with the " seisio waretata." 

Page 132. Ecclesias Uheras. — That is, without any Parson or Rector 
appointed, who would have had a right to the tithes and profits of the 
Church. (See Introduction, p. xliv.) 

Jbi €ft aula, A:c. — Ti)e Court-house at Kcnsworth consisted but of 


three rooms: the halla, the domus. and the thalamus (fee page 129). 
The Court-hous-e of Thorp, lure described, ■was more cxterii^ive : l.the 
hall; 2. the chamher ; 3. the trisantia ;* 4. two " privatae don^us ;" 5. the 
kitchen; 6. the brewhouse : 7. the nialthouse ; 8. the dairy; 9. the 
ox-shed; 10. three henhouses. At Sandon (p. J34) the Court-house 
contained 1. the hall; 2. the chan.b-ir : 3. the privata : 4. the ox-shed; 5. 
the washhouse (bateressa) ; 6. the brewery ; 7. the pigstye; 8. the henhouse. 
At Ardelei (p. 136) the builJings were l.a good hall; 2. a chamber; 
3. a trisanta ; 4. an addition to the hull on the south ; 5. a privata domus 
adjoining the camera; 6. another in the court; 7. a granary ; 8. a kitchen ; 
9. .1 hay-house; 10. a stable. In the lease before mentioned as granted 
to Kichard Newport, Arer.deacon of Middlesex, the condition of the 
Manor-house and building at Wa'etcn is thus described (I. 1G7): " The 
old hall with a soUarf and a fire-place (caminus), and a garderoba at the 
top of the hall on the west, and also a great chamber with a trisantia at the 
same end of the hall ; a great kitchen, in which were a bakehouse and a 
brewhouse, and an oven ; a dairy and a large granary ; a henhouse, and a 
great stable outside the cotirt (extra curiam) towards the we't, used as a 
cowhouse, because the cowhouse and ox-shed, and a long stable divided 
into three, has lately been destroyed by the inroad of the sea. Also a 
chapel situate within the court adjoining the chamiber, with five glazed win- 
dows ; a dovecote and a building to hold waggons and carts : also a 
sollar with a small cellar at the hall door." 

Page 133. Facient ju^tiliam de RacV de Marci. — Theodore and 
Robert were (as appears from the foregoing document), the Firmarii of 
Navestock : and Radulphus de Marci was a refractory tenant, who withdrew 
his services and rents due for lands held by him, belonging to the Chapter. 
The amount of these services and rents was of such value, that in the case 

* The Trisantia appears to have been that part of a hall or chamber, which was sepa- 
rated bv a screen, and which might form either an ante-chamber or a recess. In ] 283 the 
manor-house of Sutton bad " unam cameram divisam cum trisantiis ad clericos." 

(I. -4.) 

t The Solarium or sollar was a room or chan;ber at the top of the building. " Soln- 
rivm. Locus editus in domo, soli expofitus, ubi apricari soltbi;nt."" (Facciolati.) The 
character of the solarium is more clearly shewn bv the dt.finitioa ia t!;e Catholicon of 
J. de Janua: So/ortum, qua;i srilaurium. quia soli et aeri ve! butx ]'ateat. 


of the Firmarii b-:i.-;g uiiable, or finally the Chapter neglecting, to eiiforce 
the payment of tiit-m, it was but an act of justice to the Firmarii, that the 
Cliapter should release thera from a part of their obligation, and take 
account of the loss ■nhich they must sustain. It would seem, however, that 
this l^adulfus de Marci. or at least his successor, became tractable ; for we 
find in the inquisition of lii2 that V\'iHiam de Breaute. v.ith the heir and 
danghter of de Marci, then held the land of Kadulfus for xvi,v\, and 
satisfied the Crov.n for all the demands upon the hide, to vrhicb allusion is 
here made as the '-regis exactiones;" it being- said of him (p. 75) 
'' consuevit defeudtre earn versus rcgem." 

Page 135. Gulielinum aurifabTina cognomenio ruouaclnim. — This 
surname was probably a souhrit/uct., the person lo whom it was given 
bein<r a L'oldsniirh. and married, as appears from tlie .mention here made 
of his v:ife. The nature of the " pactum "' or bargain here alluded to is 
not mentioned, h.ut the delav in procuring sureties for the fulfilment of it 
would show, either that there was something in it out of course, or that the 
goldsmith and his wife were not persons of high credit. 

Theophnnia. — Most probably the festival of the Epiphany, January G; 
although, as appears from the authorities quoted in Suicer's Thesaurus, 
vol. i. p. 1200, the words Qtoodreia and cTf^iiieio were used in the Greek 
church synouyniously of the day of our Saviour's birth. 

Page 136. Sub haJco. — The " balk" is the gre:.t beam or principal in 
the roof of the barn. 

Page 139. Cum toto lueyJono. — Probably the n/^odle of the barn, 
*' milieu." 

THE MANORS OF ST. PAUL'S IN 1)81, pp. 140—152. 

The whole cf this Inquisition, which comprises the Churches as well as 
the Manors of the Cathedral, has generally leen assigned to the year 1I8I, 
and considered as part of the Inquisition of Radulfus de Diceto of that year 
already noticed. That part of it which relates to the .Manors (from page 
140 to the words " sumtca denariorum 1. sol.'' in page 14G,) is extracted 
from r3ook L. of which volume it occupies the 77tli and 78th folios; but 
the preface to tlie Inquisition has been omitted, because it is identical with 
the preface, which is printed at page 112, and which begins with the 
words " Ut facilius Veritas,'' and ends wiih " errcri vel fraudi.'" It is to 
be observed also, that the latter part cf the Inquisition, which relate.s to the 
Churches (comraencing at page 14G with the words '• Post maneriorum in- 
quisitionem," and ending at page 152), does not follow consecutively in 
Book L. Other matter intervenes, occupying folio 79, whilst folio 80, 
though ruled for writing, is wholly blank, the words " Post maneriorum 
inquisitionem'" occupying the first line of folio 81, and being rubricated. 
These facts would be trivial, did they not confirm the conjecture, that 
this part of Book L. has been taken from the records of two separate 
Inquisitions, the one relating to the I\Ianors, the other to the Churches; 
and that the Inquisition of the Manors, of which an abstract is here 
given, (though of the time of Henry II. and subitqiierit to 1170, when 
Robert Mantell became the Sheriff of Essex.) was prior to the Inqnis'.ticn 
of Manors and Churches in ll&l. — a conjecture forced upon us by 
the mention in this Inquisition of SLveral person::, as Firmarii of manors, 


who had ceased to be Firmarii in 1181, such as Odo the Firmarius of Luve- 
hale (p. I4l), Bartholomeus & Gaufridus of Wycham (p. 142), Willielmus 
de Ocrhvndun of Edulvesnase (ib.). Ailmarus of Ching-ford (p. 144), and 
Theodoric of Drayton (p. 145). As respects, however, the Inquisition of 
the Churches, there is internal evidence, that it really forms a part of the 
Inquisition of USl, the names of the Firmarii according with those found 
in the list of the Firmarii in pages 1 10 — 1 I'i. 

Page 140. Tempore Bcgis Hcnrici prhni. — The reign of Henry I. as 
svnchronising with the deanship of Willielraus (from 1111 to 1 138), is here 
mentioned as the period, at which each manor was rated to hidage, according 
to the number of hides stated in this Inquisition. In the generality of the 
manors the assessm.ent continued to be the sam.e with that recorded in the 
Exchequer Domesday ; but the variations, 1. of increase of hidage. in the 
case of Ardlev from six to seven hides, of Edulvesnase from twenty-six to 
twentv-seven, of Barling from two and a-half to three; and i. of diminution 
of hidage, as at Tidwoldentun from eight hides to seven and a-half, at 
Chingford from six to five, at Barnes from eight to four, and at Sutton 
from five to three, not only prove, that as respects the manors of St. 
Paul's some considerable changes took place in the reign of Henry I. 
with respect to their hidage, but also render it probable, that similar 
changes might have been made at the sarne time in the hidage of the whole 

Vicecomtti reddebat xx. fcildos. — These payments were received by the 
Vicecomes or Sheriff on behalf of the Crown, and an account of them 
rendered to the Exchequer. The amount paid by each nriauor was not 
in proportion to the number of hides, even in the same county ; if 
estimated according to the hides, Cadendon and Kensworth would be found 
to pay at the rate of 2s. per hidc; Ardley and Luvehale at 3s. 4(7., Sandon 
at 4s. 

Duas marcus vcl panem ■unlus hehdomadcE ad lihitum Jirmarii. — The 
payment of the firma of one week at the option of the Firmarius, either in kind 
or bv two marks, was an advantage to the lirmarius, whenever, by a rise in 
the price of corn, the value of a week's bread exceeded two marks, ] I. Qs. 8d. 
In the year 1283 the weekly delivery of bread was nearly 800 loaves, the 
ralue of the loaf, which weighed six marks and a-half or 52 ounces, was 
at that time three farthings, and the price of wheat 4s. 6c/. per quarter, 


Whenever the price of the loaf esceeded three-eigluhs of a penny, and 
%vheat exceeded 2*. Sd. per quarter, i: -was to the advant^ige of the Firmarius 
to pay iu khid. On referring to the " .\ssisa panis cervisias" (Statutes of 
the Realm, vol. i. p. 199,) we discover, that the lowest price at which 
wheat was supposed to be sold in England was twelve pence, the highest 
twenty shillings, per quarter. 

Exaltatio Sancta: Crucis. — September the fourteenth. The festivals 
of the first, eighth, fourteenth, twenty-first, and twenty-ninth days of 
September, are thus described in the Calendar of the '' Preces Private," 

.'Egidi Itetus gaude. Maria nata est. 

C'rucem exaltant cuncti. Matthceo volat obvius Michael. 

Terra cu^sisa. — Land allotted to tenants. 

Surnina denarioruvt. — The amount of the monev rent. See Introduc- 
cuction, p. XX. 

Poterit dominiis ponere ad operaiionem. — The " dominus " here men- 
tioned is not the Chapter, but the Firmarius, and the power alluded to is 
that of letting out to tenants any part of the demesne lands. In the lease 
of RuDwell (p. 125) the Chapter undertook to confirm any agreements, 
■which the Firmarius might make fur letting lands to tenants. The Firmarii 
of these two manors, Kensworth and Punwcll, were probablv not under 
the usual obligation to retain the demesne lands in their own hands, 
because the rent of those manors wa? payable in money, and not in kind. 

Page \4\. Fvit in defensa xl. soUdorura. — The manor of Luvehale 
formerly bore a part in this contribution as part of the Manor of Sandon, 
instead of paying a half mark on its own account. 

Vicecomid iiij. sol. Pra-pjOsiLo hundredi v. sol. — The Manors of St. 
Paul's in the county of Essex made payments to the Praepositus, Bailiff, or 
Reeve of the hundred, as well as to the '\'icecomes or Sheriff; but in the 
other counties, Middlesex and Herts, the payments were to the Vicecomes 

IVardpenri]/. — In this Inquisition ^Vardpennv is mentioned as payable 
only by four manors, \Vicham, Norton, Chingford, and Nastock. We know, 
however, that it was payable from Sutton (See note, Wardpenny, p. 68), 
where a watch was kept in the night at the Regia Strata, or King's High- 
way, and a V.'aidttaff received ; tlie account of vrhich. when compared with 


the tale of the Wardst:;ff as a tjock-tide ceremony ('rioliced in Sir F. 
Palcrave's Rise and Po-\ver of the British Ccmn-ionwealth. voh ii. p. clviii. 
and published by Morant in his History of Essex, i. p. 1"2G). leaves us 
v,-ithout doubt, that tlie customs of Chingford and of Sutton, as respected 
the ^^"a:ch and the Wardstafi', v.cre identical, and. if superstitious, the 
rc"'inant of a superstition as ancient as Hockday itself. 

Prge l4l. Altera dirnidia est in doruinio gchJahUis. — That is, tloe 
remaining half-hide (which, with the half-liide belonging to the Church and 
the nine hides assessed to the tenants, completed the ten liides for which 
hidage due from the manor), was in the demesne paying hidage. The 
demesne lands of Sandon in 1222 really contained five hides and a half, hut 
hidage v.'ss paid bv the Chapter upon onlv hclf a hide. So also at Wich;im, 
(see page 142) wh.ere the demesne contained 200 acres, the land of the 
demesne, which paid geld with the Tillata, was onlv 39 acres. 

Page 142. Pro jc.rvii. hidis et dimcd' de Snuiinge. — Some words appear 
to have been oiriitted — the right reading being, as we find in page 38. in 
the description of this manor, " Defendit se pro xxvii. hidis [cum duabus 
hidis] et dimid' de prcbenda de Sneting ;'' this prebendal manor bearing its 
part in the payment of the hidage with the other lands. 

A tempore fViffi de Hocltendvne. — This person became Firmarius of 
this manor during the Deanship of a Ralph and the Archdeaconsliip of a 
William, who were the witnesses to his lease (see p. 125); the only two 
persons of these names, who were at the same time Dean and Archdeacon. 
were Ralph de Langford and William Archdeacon of London, and that 
between 1 150 and 1160. 

Canonicii vera I. lib. — It appears from the lease of this tnanor (p. 129), 
that of the fifty pounds here mentioned, five were rent for the churches of 
the manor ; " et de ecclesii? ejusdcm manerii centum solidos ; i.e. in summa 
1. libra s." 

Quietcc surit 'prater qvavi de Jiydagio et denegeld. — The hidage 
and denegeld here mentioned appear to be different pavments from those 
mentioned above, as payable annually to the sheriff". The antiquity of 
this document is proved incidentally by an observation of Spelman, that he 
hcd found no mention of denegeld after the reign of Stephen 

Cuni ri. hidis scolandnrum — See note to page oS.. and Introduction, 
p. xiv. 

OF Tin: ]N(.iri>ITI<>N (M UIE MANr>nS, A.T). ]]K1. cv 

P;iire 140. Jlrrli/ii,'<i flrfoulrhaf .^r pro trilvs Jiidis. — The varlmion? in 
tlio muiilicr oi' liidi-s rr.leaMc in ',h\^ inanor are leinp.vkablc. 'J\ li. ^V. the 
luaiior was rated at 2.;, liidc.-. less 15 acres: i.e. o('0 acres — 10 = 285. 
T. ]!. II. at '3 liine-. or 3G0 acre.-, ^^']ie!l llie wliole iiiannr \va« rated 
T't 3 hides, the deiiiosiie wa^ lirst rated at "J liides, less 4U acres = 20U 
acres, and afterwards at a hick' anil a }ialf = 180 acres. In 1222, 
oniv tveniij acres of ihc demesne were liahle to tlie annual pavraent of 
2.V, 2(1. for hidage, and '2d. for \vardpenny. 

Page 144. De (juolibef hnschondo. — The words " hui-band'" and " Inis- 
wife" are descriptive of a married pair, as the house-Lond and the house- 
wife, In the laws of Canute (§ 73) the husband is denominated simply 
ti^e '• bonda." a word which, as meaning '-'one bound," is a remarkable 
evidence of the anciovit feeling arid opinion a- to the reality of the ties of 

Oholu.'i dc franco phis'to.— ''' VruM-uin plegium" expresses in Korman- 
Latin the Anglo-Saxon '• Frith-borh,"" or Peace-pledge, by which every Free- 
man was under security to the Crown for his good behaviour, and which was 
probablv coeval with the origin of Anglo-Saxon society, though not forming a 
distinct feature in the Anglo-Saxon jurisprudence before the time of Edgar, 
A.D. 959-973. From the time of Canute (a.d. 1017-1035) we have 
evidence, that the institution had taken the shape, in M'hich it is presented 
to US; as an English law or cnstom, affecting every town and village in 
every county ; the law of Canute, s. 20 (Laws of England, vol, i. p. 387), 
having enacted, that every Freeman be brought into a hundred and into 
a tvthing, who wishes to be entitled to Lad or to "\Ver ; . . . . and that 
everv one be brought into a hundred and in '-borh' (i.e. security); and 
let the "borh" hold and lead him in every plea. Under Edward the 
Confessor the custom was still more clearly defined; the whole of tlie inha- 
bitants of every villa being formed into '• decennae,'' or companies of ten, 
the nine being answerable for any " foris factura" committed bv one of the 
ten. Over each decenna there was a chief entitled Frithborgheved or Head- 
borrow, and. in Latin Deccnnarius or Cajdtali- Plegius. Francjdege appears 
to be recognised in the laws of V\';il. (1. 2.' : 111. 14 : ib. pp. 479, 493) as one 
of the customs of the time of tlie Confessor: but there is no certain evidence, 
prior to the law De hundredis tenendis, Men. 1. (ib. ]). 315) of all the freemen 
being summoned twice in the year to the court of the hundred; for tlie pur- 


]iose of ascertaining the condition of tlie decania? or decennfc, whether de- 
fective or havintr increased in number. The age of twelve years was that at 
which, under llic law of Canute, a? well as under the law of Hen. I. the free- 
man was to he in " borh." and enrolled in a deccnna. Tlie view of francplege 
was declared l)v the lawyers in the reigns of the Edwards (see Placita de quo 
Warranto) to be " quaedara jurisdictio regalis mere spectaus ad coronam et 
ad dignitatem corona- domini regis;" and also " quaedam justiciaria ad 
dignitatem coronae regis spectans, pro conscrvatione pacis suai. quam quidem 
justiciariam neraini licet exercere, sine speciali concessione domini regis vel 
ejus progenilorum" (pp. 88, 89, et alibi); but, notwithstanding these decla- 
rations, the Rotuli Hundrerlorum and the Placita de quo "Warranto contain 
abundant evidence, that tlic lords of manors generally possessed this pri- 
vilege in virtue of custom or of royal grants, but which, if prior to the 
Conquest; had need of confirmation ; it being laid down as a principle 
(page 4), " quod in Conquestu .'\nglia? qua'libet jurisdictio ad coronam 
regiam fuit annexa.'" The writers upon the " view of francplege " give no 
information, as to the period in which the personal attendance, of all the 
free tenants for enrolment in deceuna? at the manor courts, or that of the 
"Capitales Decennarii," or Headmen at the county court, ceased to be 
required. There can be no doubt of its contiimance to as late a period as 
the reign of Edw. HI., the ])Ovments for view of francplege from each manor 
forming a part of the revenue of the Crown, which the subject frequently 
contrived to evade, and the e.xaction of which by the King's vicecomites 
or bailiffs was an excuse for oppression. At this period also the obligation 
of the ten members of the decenna to be answerable to the Crown for any 
*' forisfactura" committed by any one of them still continued in force. 
Upon the numerous duties performed by the manorial courts at the time 
when the view of francplege took place, and which are described in the Statutes 
of the Realm, vol. i. page 246. it would be foreign to our purpose to make 
any observation ; and if apology be necessary for the length of this note, it 
must be found in the fact, that the law and practice of francplege, as here 
stated and illustrated by the examples in the note below,* is one of 

' Placita de quo N^'arranio, Com. Bedford, 4 Ed. HI. KilU, ji. 43. 

Oliverus de Casnerle summonitus fuit ad respondendum domino Regi de placito 
quo warranto clamat liabere visum franciplegii in mancrio suo de Chalnesterne. 
F( niiv?rii? yoT ITenricuni de Flnmville ntturnum sunm renit et dicit, quod ijise ct 

OF TUJ. lNQri>lTlnX OF THE MANolJS, A.D. llSl. Cvii 

many tacts, wliicli ihew that the fundamentol character of society in as late as the fourteenth century vras Anglo-Saxon, and that 
the Conquest made ro essential change in the general jirinciple; of the 
law. or in the relation in vrhich difrorent classes of mon stood to each 

Pare 1-14. Ad srotaUam pra-pos'di. — Scotalla, Anglice Scotalc. There is 
some difference of opinion as to the derivation of this word (see Spclnaan and 
Du Cange); but, notwithstanding the dissent of Spclraan, ale-scot, i.e. 
ale-tas, appears to be its meaning. Scotalla, and Scotallum, are used to 
denote a Meeting, and Scotale, the beer which was brewed to be consumed 
or sold at the Scotalla. The •• Capitula Itineris,*" as contained in the Statutes 
of the Realm, i. p. '234. and in Bracton (fol. 1 17). exhibit various forms of the 
word. Scotale, sotak-, f.lctale, filson ale, ai:d outlaw's ale — one Article of 
the Capitula being as follows : " Of inferior bailiffs which make the ale, 
which is called scotaie, and sometimes filson ale, or outlaw's ale, that they 

omnes supradictum maaerium tenentts, a tern: ore quo non estat mcmona, seisiti 
fuerunt de prsedicto visu, taDonam pertinente ad manerium prsdictum, tenendo m 
forma subscripta viz. qcod quolibet anno, die qcre vocatur le Hockectay, omnes infra 
domicinm suum residences ibidem conveniant, et per eosdeni inquiratur, qualcs ct quar.ti 
reside-tium pradiclomn: qui in ponenli sunt et non ponuntur, et ctiam de 
EomiE-bui eorun: qui ecKJem die non comparuerunt ibidem. Ita quod de quolibet com- 
parente unu? denarius cajiiatc-, et quod absenteE amercientur ; et similiter si quis 
aiatii dnodecim annorurr. extra cecennsm inveniatur, quod tunc ille sub cujus manupastu 
fuerit. amercietur pro eodem ; et dicit ulteriu?, quod ipse redJit domino regi duos 
solidoi pro visu tcnendo in formi prEedicta. 

Roruli Hundredoruuv toI. ii. p. 2\'.', Com. Sussex : Hnudied. dc Totti'iiorc, ci' E. I. 
In s return to tbe Article of Inquisition, Qui pro potestate ofificii sui aliquos 
ma'.itiose occasionaverint et per hoc extorseriat terras, reuditus, (t alias prtestationes 
ftcc. Dicunt, quod Ricardus de Fevensei, baillivus bonoris dePevensei, amerciat capilales 
pleric-s cum tola decenna. eo quod aliquis de decenna sit absens causa peregricationis 
Tel causa servientix in longinqnis partibus, et ad prjedictum lagbeday non Ttnerit, licet 
per totum bundredum testiticeter bonus et fidelis, qui absens est. 

Tbe following entries of paymeDU by tbe decetna appear in accounts rendered to the 
Excbrquer by the Sherif of Herts. Piocita de qu • V,"arranto, 4 Ed. 111. p. IC. 

la rotnlo -x' R. H. in E^^ei — "\'i..- comes reddit compotum de dimiJia 
inarcc dc decci.n.i GalfriJi Clcrici tU- Oj-pyng ct U-geii Parcaiii pro fuga coram. Et de 
din.iiia marca de dectnta Rogtri hV V.'a.ini iugi:>. i. 

In rotulo iii. R. H. Vicecome; reddit con.j.utum dc 1 nu.icii dc fraucople^io 
Uicbirdi Pocher jiro fcra VTillielmi. 

cviii NOTE? AND TLLr^^T]lATIO^•s 

mav cxiort moncv from the suitors of the hundred; and tliose suojcct to 
thera ; of those ^^•ho make ale and gather garbs in the autumn, taking away 
and extorting corn from the poor." From the mention which is made of 
Scotalia and Scotalhr- in the Forest Ciiarfers of Henry III. and in the Char- 
ter and Forest Law of Edward I. it would appear, that the Scotalia was an 
assembly, the proceedings of which were connected with the administration 
of forest law. In the Magna Charla of John no notice is taken of Scot- 
alia?: but. since in the subsequent forest charters thoy are distinctly pro- 
hibited, we mav coiiclude. that the Scotalhe were amongst the " nialfC con- 
suetudincs dc forestis." which, by the terms of the Magna Ch.arta of John. 
v:eTe to be inquired into ajul done awav. J'ut it would seem, tiiat, though 
the great lords and tlieir tenants c.esircd tlie alielition of the Scotalhi?. the 
foresters and bailiffs, v.-]iose pecuniary interest-, or wliose sports, were 
endangered, had influence enough to prevent their annih.ilation ; for not only 
do we find, a limired construction is put u])on the prohibitory clauses of 
the charters, both in tlie English translation of the charter of Edward I. and 
also iu the " statute of fiuts levied "" (Stat. Re. i. 120, 12G) ; but it is also to 
be remarked, tliat v.hcri the prohibitory statute of Edward III. JSol (ib. p. 
821 ). ( v,hich forbad " any forester or keeper, or ker'pcr of forest or chace, or 
any othei' minister, to make or gather sustenance, or victuals, or other thing, 
by colour of iheir oliice, against any man's will,"") allowed them still to take 
'•that which was due of old riglitj' it rather est;iblished than destroyed the 
custom. In the forest charters mention is made of " corn, lambs, and young 
pigs,'" as take li for iln' Scolallrc : but Fleta's '' Scuf,iles garb;c"' (ii. c. 41. 
§ 25), and the conduct of the foresters of Cranborne, as described below, 
would render it probable that the demands were iu their time limited to what 
was required for making ale.*^ 

The following payments were anciently due from the Chapter .^Ianor of 
Chingford to the Half Hundred of the Abbot of Waltham : " De Domi- 
nico ad Scotallam \ii.d. et de quolibet astro tenentinm (from e^'erv liearfh) 
ejusdem villa' i.d. ad Scotallam."' (I. (i'l.) 

■■^ •' Idem furestnrii colliguu: garbai jier autumiiuin infra inetas et buuilas jiritdictas 
in com. Wiltes, ct Ilil)i!oillinll^ j.ost autumnuin siuiiliter mclu cxtorquc-ut coinnuniiter a 
iiopuio ju.sta illaui cliaciain usanente bladum triiuratum ad brnciaudum scotalia sua, ct 
poitea per coujpul«iouera ilioruni veiiiunt ad scotalia sua." Rot. Hund. co, Wilts, 
vol. ii. ]<. '.'49. 

UF THE lN(,'UISITir.N 01" THE MANOJIn, A.l'. llSl. eix 

In Sumner's E&^av on GaveUiind (p. 30), a charier is cited, in v.liicli 
mention is made of pavmcr>t? bv tenants to the Scotalla of tlie Archbishoj); 
and in tlic liegcr book of tlie Abbess of Shaflesbury (Ilarlcian ?>IS. 61), 
v.T find the follo\ving entries: — 

'■ Homines de Wrokesham. QuiHbct debet ad scotallam, iij''. ob." 

"Omnes ahi ibnnt ad scot^allum dominie sicut ad scotallum vicinorum." 
fob 86. 

" Quihbct, pra-ter liberc tenentes. ad scotalhnn, iij'b ob. vidua ij'^'.'" 

Resides, however, tlie Scotalla of the Forest, there was also a Scouslia of 
the Church, which wo find mentioned and prohibited in the Provincial Con- 
stitutions of Archbisliops Langion and Edmund in 1209 and 1236. and in 
the Diocesan Canon' of Durham. \\'orcester, and Salisbuiy, in 1220. 1240, 
and 125C From the Cor^tirution of Edmund, which forbids the Bannuni 
Scotallorum, or bidding to the Scot<ile, being made by the priest, ue learn, 
that notice of these meetings ■^\a? publicly given ; and, from the description 
of the object of the institution, viz. the salvation of men's souls and bodies 
(" Scotalla* et alia) communes j'otationes pro salute animarum et corporum 
introducta^" Wilkins, Concilia. \<<\. i. ])p. 530 and 719), we may reason- 
ablv conjecture, that this Suotal(."''wed its origin to, or is connected with, the 
Anglo-.Saxon sawl sceat, soul scot, symbolum anim;e, or pecunia sepulturae, 
which was recognised by the laws of Athelstan, Edgar. Ethelred, and Canute, 
as payable to the church of tli- d^'ceated at the ojx-n grave. (See the 
references, Lows of Eriglav:d. Si.i.lvcot.) 

Decern, irnic onu rrrr-' imo. — Ten sow-]iigs and one lioar-jilg. '■'■ Trnie 
— La femelle du jiorc.' French, dictionary. 

Page 144. E<jinchnit quonturu rolucrls. — Equitium, equorum armentum. 
" a stud of horses." In the Abbreviatio llotulorum Originalium Scaccarii (vol. 
ii.) we find frequent mention of the " custodes equitii," or keepers of the king's 
stud; and also of the "custodia ].ullanoruni et jumcntorum et totius equitii" 
(p. 97); and of provision ''ad fenum, literam, avena, et alia necessaria 
pro sustentatione equitii regis." (j). IGOb.) The meaning of the words 
"quantum vobieris,'' as added to •i^piicium,"' are obscure : but. since Ching- 
ford adjoined the Forest of, it i« j.rnb.ilde thai theh'rd of the manor 
of Chingford might have the right df de])asturing within thr forest any number 
of horses, at such times as the forest was not in '' fei;ce." Wf may quote in 
illustration cha].. viii. of the Lege^ Fore.starum Scotica', winch is as follows : — 

ex NOTK.^ AND J].LU>T1:aTJ(.'N,-> 

" Si ))ost dcfcniioncm invcniantur cqui in I'ore^ta. licituni e>t lurtbtario 
capcre priuia vice pullum unius anni, secunda vice puUum duorum anuorum. 
tertia vice pullum trium annorum. Et quarta vice totum equicium capiatur 
ad u?um domini reris. Iti-m do quolibet equo doniito vel cquiiato in 
foresta invento quati;or denarios." 

Prcrter linfliehvdam fpiam occvjjuiatu delhict Pohtrtu.^ de ]'alo')iiis. 
— Of this encroachment upon tlic lands of tlie chapter by a former member 
of the family mention is made in the Exchequer Domesdav, vol. ii. p. 12 : 
" De hoc manerio abslulit Petrus de "\'aloniis unam hidam et octo acras 
prati qua? pertinebant manerio T. R. E. et silvani ad quinqu;"iginta porco- 
rum." Robert de ^"aloniis■ was a grandson of this Peter, and. as we learn 
from the History of the Abbey of St. Alban's, possessed the f.imily failing 
of retaining what v.-a« not his own : l)i> unjust occupation of a wood at 
Northaw belonging to that abbey having given rise to a protracted suit at 
law. and of an appeal to the Pope on the subject, in the early part of the 
reign of Henry \l.. of which a particular account is given by Matthew 

Page 1-15. Sum-jiidhi 7nunn iivdci dedernvt haiUivis li-n.ndridi. — In- 
stances of this mode of pavment of grain to bailiff's occur in the Rotuli 
Hundredorum,. vo!. ii. p. 560, " Unum quarfcrium frumtnti quod datur 
baillivo ])er annum jiro sectis hundredi :"" at p. S42, " Semel baillivus de 
Wottou intrabit per annum, ad visum franci plegii. habebit etiam duos quar- 
terios de avena.*' 

Una de scrdanda. — The distinction liere drawn between the demesne, 
the scolanda. and tlie nssised land appears to denote some difference in the 

Ahiricus tenet vnant miratn. — In \'2'2'1 Gikbertus, the son of Aluricus, 
held this tenement by the same service, two ploughshares (see page 93), 
Gara is said to be a measure of land (see Du Cange) ; but if derived from 
the Anglo-Saxou " gara/" an angular point of land, it would seem to denote 
the shape rather than the quantity of the ground.'^ 

Pago 14G. Mann-iuhn:. dc JFigcIeicc. — Tliis small Uianor was at Weeley, 
in Essex, in tlie liiuidred i4 'I'endrl!'!:. It i'- -^aid to ]'n\e b'-en iri^en to the 

'^ In YorksLirt imgular jiieces of land are called " gares-."' See the GlosFsry of tlie 
Farmer"? Boo^ c>f H. Best, published by the Surtees Society, l^.'l7. 

OF T]ii: iNQi"i?iTioy or jut. :MAK<)r,s. aa\ llsi. c\i 

cliurch of St. Paul'^ in the time of tlie Cc'iifv^fov by a lady named Edgiva, 
but it cannot be identified among-st the lar.ds whidi were held either by the 
bishop or by the canons in the Domesday. In l^ook L. fob 40, 
there is a niemorandimi of the grai.t of ;:.c manor in ihe time of \\"illiam 
the Dean, which illustrates t]:e accc ;n;t here given of the manor being lield 
'■' heredit^'irie,'" though it is to be remarkec. that the annual rent at which it 
was pennanentlv granted, viz. 4"Ji. fell short of tlie sum originally agreed 
upon of 100*. The memorandum is as follows : — 

'• Wiilielmus decanus et c<n})itulum canonicorum S'c'i l^-.uli Loud' concedunt 
Hngoni de Inga et heredibus ejus cimidium raanerium de Wigeleia petente 
Edgaro. Et ienebit illud jure liereditario. tt reddet pro eo uno quoque anno 
viii. solidos Edcraro. qr.amdiu Edgarus te:>.-bit Wigeliam de Canonicis. Et 
pro hac conventione ae-lit Hr.eo C anonici- vii. nnrcas arirenti .... Et si 
veuerit Wigelea in dominium canonicorum, si voluerint cauonici. dabit eis 
supradictus Hugo iij. marcas argonti de garsuma et tenebit totum Wigalea 
cum dimidio marisco, quod mode tenet- et pro toto reddet uno quoque anno 
c. sol." It is remarkable that this charter is again entered with some slight 
variation in the next folio of liook L. 

Manerium dc JEtthuiireton. — Ti.!^ matter had been granted to hold as the 
foregoing: " ad firmam jure hereditario"" for itOs. rent. Edburgeton (the mo- 
dern Abberton near Colchester) was held by Ranulpluis Piperell. or Peverell. 
at the time of the Exchequer Sr.r-> ev. V.'e have no notice of its conveyaijce 
to the Chapter, except that which is contained in a sort of rescript addressed 
to the Chapter by llichard de Btlmcis. Bishop of London, in the year 1 108. 
the first vear of his consecration. v.hich reciies the grant of the manor by 
Piaculph us Peverell (whose bodv was buried in the church), "ad usum 
luminaris ecclcsia?,"' and publishes an anathema against any persons wlio 
should attempt to invalidate it. A copy of the document is recorded in 
Book L. fol. 30 : and also, at a later period, in the " Liber Pilosus," Book A. 
fob 23, The respective sums of b'\)s. and AQs. are found receivable from 
Allurton and Wesilee at p. 16-4. 

Page 146. Ecchsiariim sef/uiti'.r infjulsitio. — Tins inquisition of the 
status of the Churches belonging to the nanors of a capitular bodv is pro- 
bably one of the oldest extant. That it is rightly assigned to the vear 
11 SI. or the time \^hen Ptalph de Diccto was dean, we have evidence in 
the mention of llichard Ruffu? a- finnarius of Sandon, of Belchanip. of 

cxii X')T1> .\Nr II.T.T'F-TI^V'IIONS 

Tiioi'p ;.nd C'l liUMwcll. ;iijii of \\'i]lia-ii dc Xoiilialc. Arclulcacoii of GUm- 
ces-tci'; as firn:;ariu- of Draylon,. I'olti iliose iicri-cu^- ajipc-aiiiicr as iirniarii of 
those manors in llie li>t of fu'niarii a1 )i;'.2:t' 111. 

SVi/II'i rcii'.nc SNf-;i/i(u.<', Sci-. — Tlir aovico liciT given that the .^lanor 
and ihc Cl'.urch should not be liehi 1o farm hy tlie same ]icrson had refer- 
once purely to temporal interests. Tiie ccrlt-sia. with its fruits and profits, 
was to he held, not for the benefit of tlie priest who officialed. hut for tlic 
canons amongst wliom tlic profit? were 1o be divided ; and the manor and 
the ccclesia. or as v, e novr call it the rectory, were to be separate; to prevent 
confusion of rights, arid the loss conseq\)ent upon it. A vicar was to be 
employed, witli the altarage, only for his wages ; and. if that were not suffi- 
cient, somothinc to be uddcd " ad arhitrium "" to make r.p the deficiency. 
The dean and the cjiapter v.ere to unite in the adjustment of the vicar's 
Page 147. Quct; iit cviso doA ecdesiaruin. — There is so much variety in 
the endowments of the vicarage? of tlie churches, that we have thought 
it advisable to exhibit the result of the Inquisition on this head in a tabular 
form : — 

Cadendon. Glebe, ten rcrej free fion! service. Tithes, tertia pars garbarum a 

dominio S'cti Pauli ; i. <?., as 
otherwise described, the third 
part, not of the vhole pro- 
duce of the demesne, but of 
the tithe. 
Kensworib. Glebe, one virrate of land free from No tithes. 

Ardltia. Glebe, one virgate and nine acres, Ko tilhes. 

free. &c. 
Sandon. Glebe, half a hide geldabiiis versus Ko tithes. 

Belchamp. Glebe, a virga'.e of arable land free and Ko tithes. 

a grant of one acre and a half, a 
rood of land near the causewaj- at 
Clare, and three acres less one rood, 
" ex divisa."" 
■^^'icham. Glebe, half a virgate. paying lent to Ko tithe?, 

the firmarius viii''. and geldabilis 
fsfc page ?A). 

OF THE lXQL"l>lTluy OP THE CHUi;CHE.S A.D. 1181. cxili 

M'aletouii. Glebe, two acres, a meisuage of tv.u Tithe, the tenth of the coin of 

acres, and a curtilagicc the demesne. 

Kirkby. Glebe, ten acres liberas. in the de- Tithes, a'l the tithes of the 

mesne. parish except from the land of 

the abbot ; from that, only 
tithe of corn and cheese. 
Torp. Glebe, four acre? in liber?, elemosina. Tithe, all the tithes of the de- 

mesne and of the villata, 
great and small. 
Tidwoldintuna. Glebe, twenty acres before the dedica- Tithe, none, 
tion, and at the dedicalicn ten acres 
of land by Hugo the Dean (circa 
11 GO to IISO;, eight acre: of vrood, 
a messuage near the bridge, and the 
marsh ChircLbop; all the tenement 
free from service. 
Tillingham. Glebe, si.xty acres. Tithe, the third part of the tithe 

of the demesne, in both great 
and small tithes, and all the 
tithes of the villata. 
Barling. Glebe, twenty f,cres with ?. messuage. Tithe, all the tithes of the vil- 

lata and the third part of the 
tithe of the demesne, great 
and small. 
Nastocli. Glebe, forty-seven acres of arable land Tithes, of the whole village, and 

and forty acres of wood, rated at the third sheaf of the tithe 
fourscore acres. demesne. 

Bernes. Glebe, nine acres of arable laiui. one Tithes, all the tithes of the de- 

acre of meadow, mesne and the villenagium, 

except hay. 
Draiton. Glebe, twenty-two acres of arable and Tithe, a third part of the tithe 

one of meadow 'geldabiies), and a of the demesne, 
Sutton. Glebe, sixteen acres and a half of ar:.- Tithe, the third part of the great 

ble land, one acre of meadow and small tithes of the de- 

mesne, the like from the de- 
mesne called " Scotland the- 
saurarii," and from the two 
"villata:" the wlinlc titlie 
e.NCf^pt hay. 
Willesdon. No L'lebe. Tithe, all the titlie of ihe de- 

mesne and other tenements, 
great and smull, certain hold- 
ings excepted. 
CAMD. ^OC. q 


The churches thus enumerated were all '• in dominio canonicoruni.'" 

The two following. Hunwcll and Chincford, are described as not beinfr 
'* furiduta? in dominio canonicoruni." 

The condition of the revenues of llunwell was remarkable. The 
demesr.o of llie canons paid to the church, instead of tithes, the produce 
of two acres, one of wheat, tlie other of oats. Of the tithes of tlie villata, 
great and small, the church liad one third, the remaining two parts belonging 
to the demesne, i)i order to make up the firma payable to the Chapter, 
and bc'ing so aj'proprinted •' per capitulum." The rector (Persona Ra- 
dulphus ) rented for his personal benefit these tithes, paying for them to the 
Firmarius four shillings per annum. All the tithes of the demesne, and 
those which contributed to make up the firma, were in the hands of 
•' i\Iagisttr Hicardus." bv grant uf Kicliard the Archde;icon. and the 
pel-mission of Ricardus Ruiius, the Firmarius. 

The Churcli of Chingford was not in the demesne. The denicsne lands 
were free from tithe, and the \-illata paid great tithes onlv, never having 
paid any other. 

The Church of Magna Augra, (High Ongar,) is enumerated in the Inqui- 
sition because the little manor of Norton was in that parish, and paid to 
that church great and small tithes. The reason of the payment of a 
" socca ■■ of wheat, aud another of oats, to the church of Fifield. '' propter 
TJcinitatem Christianitatis," is remarkable. 

The chapel of Twyford paid 12d. to St. i'aul's for the tithes of corn, 
sheep, and goats. The description of this manorial chapel is worthy ob- 
servation : as not being appended to any ueighbouring church, and as, by 
the permission of the Chapter, baptizing infants and burying the bodies of 
any persons who died, not belonging to any church of the Bishop of the 

Quid fuJiaiur capifulv. — In ihe way of pension the churches were a 
source of revenue to the Chapter. The payments were made either "per 
clericos' or "per firmarium nomine ecclesis." The clericus does not seem 
to have been always the "persona," or rector, but rather an agent. 

Ci.nrohe-^. ]';i}-nH-i;t> tu liic C:ia;iHi T;y -wIkhu. 

CadeuJoii. Twcntj- sbilliofs. Per uiaiius clericoruiu. 

Kenswortli. Twenty shillings. Ditto. 

Ardleie. Two marks and a-Lalf. Ditlo. 

Sandoa. Five marks. Per firmarium. 


Churi:liC-. ra^Tiicnts to the CLapter. By vliom. 

"\"\'iLham. Two shillings. By the jiersona. 

Tidwoldeiitun. Twenty shillings. Tct Hugo ile. Lmid. 

TilliDphnm. One mark. Per firmariiim. 

p.arlinn-. Twenty sliillings. Per firmarium. 

N'fiitor.k. Sixty shillinfrs. Per firmarium. 

Drayton. One mark. Per firmarium. 

Sutton. Ten shillings. Per firmarium. 

^^'ille.sdon. Eight marks. Per clericum. 

Twyford. Twelve pence for tl.e tithes. 

Waleton. Twenty shillings. \ 

Thorp. Ditto. !• To the firmarius. 

Belchamp. One mark. ) 

It is to be rernarked tliat tlio chiirclies of Runwcll and Ching-ford made 
no similar pavmcnts to the Cliapter, and tliat tliey are said not to be "in 
dominio canonicorimi."" The clmrch ol' Kyrkebi was the only church " in 
dominio "' that made no such ))avment. 

Qvid cccfeiUi' inatrici jure pdrocliiuli nolvahtf. — The single instance of 
such a payment is tiiat made to tlie church of Fifhyde or Fifield by the 
manor of Norton (see page 150), " propter vicinitatem Christianitatis," for 
that proximitv. of which the peojile of Norton availed themselves, in 
frequenting the church of Fifield and partaking in relig'ious ordinances. 

Qui'l solvatur pro sinndaUhvs. — This payment is distinguished from 
one afterwards mentioned — that to the Archdeacons. By the Canon law, 
( De off. Jud. Ordin. c. Conquerente,) a Bishop holding a Synod was 
entitled to receive the sum of two shillings from every person cited to it. 
the payment being termed '• Synodaticura ; '" the object of the provision 
being, as is stated by Barbosa (De Off. et Potest. Ej)iscopi, p. 41, alleg. 
130, n. 4), that of ttrnpting the bishops to hold tlieir synods; " Ut 
cpiscopi ad synodum celebrandam alliciantur."" The Synodalia of the 
English Church appear to have a different origin, and to be connected 
with the ancient system of ecclesiastical justice, which existed under the 
.\nglo-Saxou king's, bv which ecclesiastical causes were tried in the court 
of the hinidred. The sejiaration of the ecclesiastical from the secular 
courts was made by tlie Conqueror ( Carta Williolmi. Laws of England, 
vol. i. p. 49-5 ) ; but the fact mentioned by Lindwood (De Constitu. c. Quia 
Incontin. verb. Cnpitulum, p. 14). and cited by Gibson (CodcN; p. 073j, 
ih.Tt Kiiri-decaiKil Cli;.]iters wcie ill ^(l!ln- jdaces held i'rom three weeks to 


three week:-, ateciiliuu to the jiraetiee oi' the iiuiuuri;'.! couilf. leudeit if 
In'plilv proliab:'; that Hie ecclesiaslical court'-, wiiieh were i'orined by se]);ira- 
tion from the secular courts, continued to meet a? l.iefore : and that, as the 
Turn of the sheriff' or Shiremot wa? lield twice in the year, the Synodu? of 
the bishop for ecclesiastical causes was held twice in the year also. The 
Synodalia were payable at Easter and at Alichaelmas — at the first and 
second synod : but in j^roeess of time the holding these half-yeai'ly courts 
seems to ha\c, devolved upon the Archdeacons, who now in many ))laces 
hold visitations or synods at Easier and at Michaelmas in every year. It 
is remarkable that Lindwood. in the ])assage cited above, speaks of the custom 
of holding- chapters from three weeks to three weeks, as resting rather upon 
the Custom (or Connnon law) of England, than u})on the Common law of 
the Church at large. 

Quis cdlUisat denuriuin S'tti Pelri. — Tiiere can be little doubt, that 
Peter-pence v.a^ a grant of Ahns to the rojies in the time of the Anglo- 
Saxon kings ; the earliest date assigned to it being the reign of Ina, who 
became king of Wessex in GSS, and after a reign of thirty-two years retired 
to Rome. The payment of the denarius S. Petri, or Romfeoh, was the 
subject of legislation by Edward and Gut brum (circa 900), by Edg-ar 
(959), by Ethelrcd (998), by Canute (1017), by Edward the Confessor 
(1043). It also forms a part of the laws of the Conqueror and of Hen. I. 
(See the references, Denar. S. Petri, in Spelman's Concilia, and Pomfeoh, 
Laws of England.) Prior, however, to the Law of Edward the Confessor 
(§ x) the Anglo-Saxon code affords no information as to the persons from 
whom the Komfeoh was due ; but that law, as explained by the law of 
William (I. xvli), acquaints us, that the possessor of agricultural stock of tlie 
value of thirty pence,'' being an Englishman, and of the value of eighty 
pence (half a mark), being a Dane, was liable to Komfeoh, and that the 
payment by them of one penny acquitted their bordarii, and herdsmen, and 
servants. It appears also from the law of ^^'illiam, that a payment bv 

* In tie Life of Ofid (Muit. Parit, pp. 29, 31), it is staled that Offa's original grant 
was tbat of one silver piece from tbose wbo possessed cattle of the vivlue of thirty eilver 
pieces. It is also stated, tliat, wben tbat monarch granted Peter-pence from his whole 
kingdom, lie reserved the Peter-pence from the lands of St. Alban to the use of the 
Abbey. These lands in later times included the parislics which formed ibe hundred of 
Casbio. nnd the Abhatird nrr-bd' aconrv of St. Albnn's. in the countv of Herts. 

(>v riii: iNQri-iTi<«x "F the riiT'i;<:nEs. a.p, Hf^l. cxA-ii 

llie lord of ;i manor w.-is ;iii (icijuitUitico fur all wIk^ \sorc in liis (Iciiiesur. 
'J'lif fcstiviil oi' Si. ]\\LV ii>\ Yivcuh (August 1) was ili<^ day n;i which 
Ivomfeoh was (\\\o : and ihc l>a\v of the Xunhumbriaii I'l-io-ls (§ .")7, Law^ 
of England, vul. ii. p. 25'P) cn.ictt-:, thai the payment should lie made " at 
tiic ejjiscGpal seat, and that in every \vo])cntnko there should be iiamed 
two true thanes and one jiriest, who should collect it and roiHlcr iu so that 
they dare swear to it.'" 

The Inquisition of the Ciiurches of St. Paul's, in IlHl. to which our 
attention is now directed, illustrate^ both tlie mode of collection and the 
payment of tlie Honifeoh a century later than the laws above recited. The 
question ^' quix colligat denarium S. Petri?'' im])lies the absence of 
uniformity as to the collectiou of the lax. In six instances no return v,as 
made to tb.e question : but from ihe replies wliich are recoi'ded we learn, 
that the rural dean {jUcanus loci) collected it in Cadendon and Kensworth, 
the Sacerdos at Ikdcharap and six other places, and the Firmarius at 
Chingford and Sutton. Of the person, to whom the money was paid, 
mention is made only in two places, Cadeudon and Kensworth, where the 
rural dean is said to have paid the money to the Archdeacon. The collec- 
tion from Barnes, iu Surrey, was paid at Wimendou ; but in two instances, 
Norton and Sutton, tlie Firmarius, having collected the money, kept it 
to himself. Twelve parishes made the following payments : — 

Belcliamp . . . xvi d. i TiUiDgbam . . . xvi d. 

\Vidiam . . . . vi d. ' Berling . . . . 2: d. 

Waleton . . . . ivi d. j Xorlune . . . . vi d. 

Kyrkeby . . . . xvi d. j Nastok .... xxxvi d. 

Thorp .... xTi d. j Cbinrford . . . s d. 

Tidwoldentuua . . . vi d. 1 Drayton .... .\ii d. 

The Domesday of St. Paul's of 1222 makes no mention of Peter-pence. 
But from the Inquisition of 1279, iu Book I. v.e learn, that at Sutton, at 
Chinf^ford, and at Norton, the persons who paid the Rome-penny were 
Villain tenants ; that married men paid a penny, widowers and widows one 
halfpenny, and that the amount so received was reckoned among the profits 
of the Manor. At Sutton these payments were due iu the 18 Edw. I. 
(128P), not from all the ^'iliaiu tenants, but only from twenty-five of thtrn 
(I. 32 b). At Chingford the sum collected from tlie " Nativi" was 2s. Cic/. 


(I. 59 b), and in llie small rnnnor of Norton, held by seven " Nativi.'' the 
'=ii:n collected was 7d. (I. l.'O ),.) 

Tlie information wliicli \\( ]ios^o?s ro-ju'crma ibo pavnient of tlii^ tax to 
the Court of Ktnne is very meagre. Inott (History of tlie Enp-lish Ciiurch, 
p. 223). misapprehending- the St-atute of Carlisle of 35 Edw. I. (which pro- 
hibited the superiors of tlie monastic orders abroad from levying taxes upon 
abbevs and monasteries in England), states, but withcmt autliority, that 
Peter-pence was one of the grievances of the English nation. Tiie amount 
of the tax was scarcely great enough to give it this character. 

In \\'iikins"s Concilia (vol. ii. p. 460.) there is a papal bull of .John 
XXII.. which first recites a bull (supposed to be of Gregory W..) in which 
the sums I'.ayaide as Peler-i>encc from each English diocese are recordod ; 
and tiioi states, that the t],r(>c liiindred mancusie or marks, winch were 
originally granted in 837, are just the amount of the sums due from the 
dioceses. This Pope, in the first year of his pontificate, directed the atten- 
tion of the English bishops to the fact, that Peter-pcnco. though collected, 
were cot duly jiaid to the Court of Home, but, as is evident from the 
documents recorded in Wilkins's Concilia ('"i.) he did not expect a greater 
sum to be paid than 300 marks. The Bulls on tliis subject are dated in the 
month of May, 1317, and it is remarkable, tliat the Chapter of Canterbury, 
in reply to a Breve regium of Edward II., dated 24 April of that year, had 
returned answer to the king the day following, that in obedience to the 
king's writ they had searched their records, and liad found no writing 
relative to the exaction of this t<ix. This pope by his Bull ajjpointed 
Rigandus de Asserio, a Canon of Orange, to superintend the business of the 
collection and payment of the Peter-pence. It is probable, that during the 
whole of the fourtecntli and fifteenth centuries persons were sent from time 
to time to England on the same business, though the onlv person, who is 
known to have resided in England as collector of the Peter-pence, was the 
last, namely, Polydore \'ergil, an Italian of Urbino, who lived here for forty 
years, was archdeacon of Wells and prebendary of Hereford, and in the 
4 Edw. \T. had leave granted to him to return to iiis own country, the 
profits of liis archdeaconry and ]>rebcnd being continued to him bv y)atent 
for bis life. (5?trype"s j'Meinorials. vol. iii. p. 490, ed. 1622.; 

Quid soJrai-ur Arvltidi'uonis; Sc. — The Peter-pence were, in a few 
instances, ji.nid to the arcl;deacons. In two parishes distinct mention is 

OF THE ]Ngul^^ITIo^■ or the ciiuisruEs, a.d. 1181. cxjx 

made of xiid. lieing paid to the Archdeacon in the middle of Lent, but of 
the origin and purpose of the payment at that season we have found no 

Qiiis eccle.siaruvi ornatus^diHgoiter unnexum invenies in sequvntihus. — 
The expectation thus held out, as re?]»ects the visitation of 1 181, is unhappily 
disappointed. Book L. (fol. S3 to t-o) does indeed contain an account of the 
ornaments and books of twenty churches in the city of London at that 
period, but the folios ap])arently intended for the inquisition of the Country 
churches are blank. It is, however, to be observed, that in the same volume 
(fol. 136-143) there is a record of the visitation of tlicse Country churches 
in the year 1^4), and that there is a fuller record still of another visita- 
tion of them in 1279 in book L 

Servit capelhe gu<e est in curia, ^c. — The service roost probablv was a 
^Liss : its peribnnance three days in the week is a curious illustration of 
attention to religion in the private oratories of the lords and great men. 
Chapels weie of frequent occurrence in Manor houses. One at Waleton 
has been already mentioned. At Sutton (L 24) there was " Una aula cum 
boteleria ad unum caput, cum parva capella ad aliud caput ;" and also 
" Unum solarium cum jfjrva capella tegulis cooperlum." At Nastok 
(L 79), in like manner, there was 'L'na aula cum camera ct capella ad 
caput .... Item solarium tegulatum ad opus domnni cum capella contigua 
cum scindulis coo})erta :" and "Una camera cum trisantia propc capellam." 
At Hevbridgc i L 1G6). also, there was "Solarium cum capella de coustruc- 
tione Herveii de I'orham (Dean circa 1271) cum duobus caminis de plastro 

Page 148. Ju.rht calctiain dt Clare. — Calceia. via .strata, a causeway, 
7^?'. Chaussee. The river Stour divides Belchamp from Clare, the passage 
of v.hich was probablv facilitated by the causeway. 

Page 150. Sncca fruiuenti. — Probably the same as saccus.a sack. 

Page 15 1. Scoilande ihesaj'rarii. — The demesne thus described was 
probably the Solanda de Chyswick, within the manor of Sutton (see p. 93), 
forming the prebend of Chiswiek, which about the \ear 1181 was held by 
llicardus Thcsaurarius (see Xcwcouii'^ itcixTtorinm. \(il. i. p. 137). so 
called as l>eing the king's treasurer. 

De dualu.^ vil!ali^\ — i.e. of Chiswick and of Sutlon. 

Pace 152. — IJe dmninio iua'nsfri Nicfio/c.i ct dv dumiyiio i/iui/Kst/' 


David, — This Nicolas was probfibly Nicolas Scriba. who was rrcbciidary 
of Harlestoii, within the manor of Willesdon, in the time of the Survey. 
The dominium or demesne described as held by David was probably one of 
the other prebends within the manor of Willesdon. Tlie name of David is 
not found amongst the prebendaries of that period. 

Viii. ocvd' dc la CnoJlc — Cnolle i- probably the word now spelt 
•' knoil/" a small liill or rising ground. The Cnolle appears to have con- 
tained sixteen acres, and to have been at a distance from Wilsdon. in the 
manor of Sutton, of which Chiswick was a part. In tlie inquisition of 
Belcharap mention is made of a " commnna."' common or open space, called 
the Knoll. '• Non habctur aliquid communa? in villa nisi ilia strata, quse 
vocatur la Cknolle." i. K'G. 

In tempore Wulmanni, — Wnlman or Ulstan, as he is otherwise called, 
was the first Dean of St. Paul's after the Conquest. This account of the 
firmse rendered by the manors in the original IMS. follows as closely as it is 
here printed, and is in the same handwriting. It appears to be a transcript of 
a similar account on the first folio of Book 1., there written in an earlier hand. 
^Ve have to apprise the reader that the clause " Nastocha Aldwini duas 
septimanas et duos dies," is twice repeated in the original MS., as is the 
clause " Hunwella duas septimanas." In both cases the copyist committed 
an error in inserting Runwell twice, and in writing " Nastocha Aldwini " 
inst-ead of " Nastocha Edwini,"' there being two manors of that name in the 
Exchequer Domesday, both of them belonging to the Chapter of St. Paul's. 
The scribe has also made another error, writing " Tillingham tres septi- 
manas," instead of rjuatnor. a? in the older document. 

OF THE lVQri>ITIO-V f>r THE T^lAXriRS, A.D. 1290. rxxi 


cincA 1290. 

The date 1290 ha; been assignieJ to these Articles of Viiitation. because 
thev are found recoi'ded in Book I. immediately following the '"' Redditus 
ct Consuetudines "' of the manor of Nastok, vrhich v^ere written subse- 
quently to the feast of St. Michael. 20 Edw. I., 1291. These articles are 
preceded by a Catalogue of Evidences relating to that !Manor. lliirty-eight 
in number. 

In the Statu'.es of the Realm (vol. L p. 242) there is a similar set of 
Articles, entitled " Erteuta Maneriorum." transcribed from the " Liber 
Elorn '" now in the archives of the citv of London ; and it is stated, that in 
printed copies of the Statutes these articles are inserted as a statute of 
4 Edw.T. Fleta (Book IL c. Ix.xi.) recommends the use of such an '-exten- 
sion" of the particulars of a manor, and inserts Articles of inquisition, which, 
with some omissions, appear to be the same with those in the " Liber 
Horn." The " Extenta,'' or Articles, as here given from the St. Paul's 
document, the first clause excepted, are more full and complete, especially 
with respect to the praedial services of the tenants, than they are in the 
Liber Horn, or in Fleta's copy. 

Page 153*. Cuytllugiuhi. — Defined by Liiidwood (III tit. 1", p- 200,) 
as the place adjoinincr the Court, where greens and pot-herbs (herbfe et 
olera) are gathered. 

Vivnrinrn. — A purely Latin word, applied equally to the park, the aviary, 
the fish-stew, or the oyster-bed. See P'acciolati in voce. 

Hnhdgium. — The word has two meanirgs : the right of cutting grass 
and feeding cattle, or the place where the aerbage grows. It is here used 
in the latter sense. 

Carucata. — A plough-land. "We learn from Fleta (I I. 72, § 4,) that the 
dimension of the Carucata (as denoting a quantity of land cultivated by the 
plough in a vear.) varied, according to the iramber of courses of cultivation 
to which the land was subject. If the lai.i lay in three courses, 60 acres 
being sown in winter, 60 in S]iring. and 60 f:.'.lov.-ed in summer, then the ISO 
acres so ploughed fomied the Carucata ; but if tiio land was in two cf>urses, 


one half being fallov.- and the other half sown in winter and spring, then the 
Carucata would contain 160 acres Hence it would seem, that culti- 
vated i:-.nd would be ir,ea-ijred in Car.icnte;. and anr hread:h of land in 
jreneral bv Hides. Tlic general idea, however, is that "Hida'" and -'Caru- 
cata '' svnonyraous.* 

Quoi cuii:]n nnit in d'yiniuio. — In the survey of Sutton (I. Sy) "299 
acres are described, as coi.tained in seven •' campi." or fields, viz. Suthfild, 
Breche. Han;stal. Estfild. Northfild, Westfild, Eldefild, the largest contain- 
ing nii.etv, the smallest oeIv nine acres. There was also another campus 
called La Doune, oi' twenty-tliree acres and a-half. This division and 
raeasureraent were mac'e bv Fulco Lovell, a canon and archdeacon of 
Co;chei;i.r. ob. 12t7. 

Quaf(htf seisi'jne di-tirirruuntur. — Tiie seisiones or courses of the arable 
land in the Demesne of Nastuk are thus described in I. 77 : 
Sun: etiam in dicto manerio tres sevsones t-erra? arabilis. viz. 

Ad unani seisonaiu. 
In campo qui vocatur Watele xxx. acr». In Wodecroft xv, acr. In 
Northfild viij.acr. In Coiinessedene x. acr. In Askelniesdoune xi. acr. et 
dimid. In Sherdailond vj. acr. j. rod. In Survive x. acr. In Crokeres- 
lond viij.acr. et dimid. In Parva Holihokc ^ij.acr. In Magna Holihoke 
X. acr. In Wolsebregge xv. acr. In Efelde xj. acr. Summa cxlii.acr. j rod. 
Ad aliam seisonam. 
In Hareford xli.acr. In La.nge]ond xxvj acr. dimid. In Horsecroft iij.acr. 
dim. j. rod. In Heringeslond xxxij. acr. In Magna Doune xxvj. acr. In 
Conkesdene viij acr. In .Sandfeld vij. acr. In Sandhegge j. acr. dim. j rod. 
In Blakecroft iiij.acr. In Gamenesloud iij.acr. di. Summa cliij.acr. dim. 
Ad teniam seisonam. 
In Brodefeld vj.=^acr. dim. In Parva Doune iiij. acr. dim. In Bern- 
fild X. acr. In Parsonecroft iiij acr. In crofta ante portam j. acr. dim. 
j. rod. Summa cxl. dim. j. rod. 

Summa totalis per minorem numenim cccc.xxxvj. acr. et dim. et valet 
quaelibet acra vj.d. Summa valoris xviij.s. iij.d. 

* II Book I. 13.1, 136, v^e read, " Warii^us tie BassiD^b:urne tcLct unaiii carucam 
terrse contiLentem is-^^ acras terrse arabilis." And in I. 13G. " Waiinus de Braiitcne 
tenet unam carucam coLtinenterc vii=^^ acras cum prato et bosco.'' 

<:>F TiiE 1N<JI"I.-ITI0X ('>F THE MANOHS. A.l). 1290. CXxiii 

Itccn sunt iu dicto manerlo ce rrato falccbili \XNJ acr. ct vriltt quK.'llbct 
arra i'l.?. vj d. Suii'ma Ixsrij.s. vj d. 

J'e.-^tura. — •• ^"est^:ra.'" a? nieacing p.nv kind of pvorluce of land. thougVi not 
a cla^-ic-al word, is of classical or'rin. Terra vcili/u iloribus, hcrLi?, arbo- 
rl!",is. fruzibus (' Fncc'clati.) 

A] iriicn-f. — A fo-m of the Irt^^r Latin word " appropriare,'" to appl\' to 
his own use. In FIf.a, II. 73. § 1, " appruator " is applied to the agent or 
servant, who manages an estate to the advantage of his lord, "appruator 
fidelis et optimus." 

Pattura forinsrca. — " Item est in dicto manerio pastura forinspca. quae 
communis est ad parochiam ; in qua dominus potest liabere L. bovettos, et 
vak't libere deduct:- expensis vj.sol. In eadom pastura, cum pastura 
infrinsica. sc super terram wirectam. potest dominus habere cc. oves. et 
valet per annum xx. sol." 

Pare 154*. De ruolendinii fuUoniils. — Fulling-mills for cleansing cloth. 
Fullo, Ang. Fuller, is a word of high Ilomau antiquity. (Spc Faceiolati.) 
The other mills here mentioned ere described according to their working 
]»ovor. whether water, wind, or horses. 

De pemagii-. — '• Pesuagium,'" a form of " pannagiuro,'' connected with 
the Latin " pastus,'" and the French " paisson." 

Graveris. — Pits of sand or gPcvel. 

JDe !ib''7-is ter,f7itit'us qui ihfrihylci vel forinscci. — " Of freeholders, the 
which dwell without as weH as v,i;"..!n. that is to say, how many freeholders 
there he.'' In the Inquisitions of St. Paul's we do not fi:m tlie " forinseci" 
distinguished fr-am the " intrinsic! tenentes."' The object of this article of 
the luquisitioD. as we may gather from the English translation (Stat. 
Realm. I. p. 242), appears to have been simply this, that whether the 
tenants were dwellincr within the manor or not, their names and tenements 
should be recorded.* 

Ifern ad quus confvetudines teriPantuy. — It is to be remarked, that the 
persons corceming whose custorrijry services inquiry was thus made, were 
in the condition of the " liberi homiiies." If it were admitted, that anciently 
the freeman was not bound to any ser\ices of this kind, this article of 

* li is fccwever probable that sucb ttntints of a manor as dwelt there, but r-ere liable 
to services in o:Ler jdaces, were ter^ied " forii'seci." In ibe Rot. HuikI. Co. O.xon. 
tbe services cue s: tie Coiirt of the llc^dred bv lords of manors are distincilj noted, as 
the " foriusec-_Ei." e. (,-. F-jrlis^^cum, fui. ii. p. 740, \c. 


inquiry would testify, how frequerit were tlie instances in which the " libcri 
homines '" became possessed of customary or yiTiaiM land from wliich ser\!ces 
were due, the performance of the services not alteiing their free condition. 

BeiihalsaJ^cr and Bcclemad. — Read Beddialfakcr. In I. 71, we have 
an acc-'Unt of both these services, as due from tcnar.ts in the manor of 
Xastotk. Bc-dhalfaker is tlie service of mowing half an acre, " Falcabit 
diraidiam acrara prati pro Bedehalfaker.'' " Bedmad " is the service of mowing, 
whether as described in I. C9. '' quinque acras de Bedemad," or as in I, 71, 
" adjavabit ad Bedemad per unum diem." 

jP)-ccaricp sicca'. — Boon-da vs without allownnce of drink. 
Cherchesfd — Churchscd (or Cyricsceat) is defined by Fleta. I. c.45, § 28, 
as a certain m^easure of wh.;-at, \^hich every one offered on St. Martin's day to 
the Church, it being not onlv an Er.gliih, but a British custom. Sir H. Ellis, 
in his Introduciion to Domesdav, has noticed the various })assages in that 
record, in which mer.tion is made of this payment, and from which it 
a[)pears. that tlie annual pnvm.ent of corn in kind had been commuted in 
various places for money. The law of Hen. I. (xi. 4) recognises Cyricsceat, 
as a payment due at Martinmas to the Bisho]i, under tlie ancient penalty 
mentioned in the Domiesdav of Worcester (fol. 174;. of a fine of fcle\en 
times the amount, if the Cyricsceat were not paid on the day. Sir H. ElHs 
also brings to notice a ]iayment made to the m.nnor of Glastonbury in 1201 
of sixty hens as Churchset. The records of St. Fauhs do not throw any 
light upon this custom, but the instances which occur in the Inquisition of 
the county of Oxford, 7 Edw. I. (Rot. Hundr. vol. II. p. 688,) of cocks and 
hens paid to the lord of the manor of Iftlee bv Cotaiii (p. 712). by Servi at 
Sunecumbe (757), bv the tenants denominated " Carucarii " at Wytchurch 
(77G). by Servi custumarii at Stoke Bassett (779), by Villani at Lewknor 
of a O'.iarter of wheat (782). and at WalHngton bv tenants of the same class 
of six bushels of wlieat, seem to shew, not only that Cvricsceat was a tax 
then borne bv the lower orders of tenants, but also that at the close of 
the thirteenth century the lords of manors had converted to their own 
use the payments anciently due to the Church. Had not the pope 
appointed his collectors, Rouipeny might probably have shared the same 

Gidunselver. — Quaere. Gi^llinaselver, m.cncy in lieu of fowls. 
Calces. — " Calces '" are " Causeways.'" As coi.nci ted with the care 
of sheep in marsh land, they were probably pathways of hard material. 


Uahmnn pra'purcnidu. — See note, p. 90, Quarta pars plumbi 
Page 155. Qnaiituin duhif pro sitd fiUa maiitanda. — The marriage of 
the daughters of the riativi or serf's, by reaioving the population from the 
manor, was a loss to the lord. This appears to be the foundation of the 
■^■ell-known pavment termed " merchetum."" At Belchamp (I. 106) we 
read, " Xullus custumarius extra villam suam filiam sine licentia maritabit. 
Custumariu? filiam custumarii sine licentia domini accipiat in conjugem in 
villa. Sed custuraarius maritabit filiam suani liberis in villa, non extra, 
sine licentia." At S-andon (I. 145) we read, "Custumarii item dicunt, 
quod pro filiabus suis maritandis consueverunt solvere domino ij. solidos 
tantum." At Wicham (I. 97). " Omnes terientes facient fincra ad volun- 
taiem domini pro filiabus suis extra manerium maritandis." 

Page 155*. Qui pjo>sunt taUiari ad voJ-'intatem dotiiini et (jxii item. — 
Taille, Tallagium, that which is paid as a tax or excise. Any pubhc tax was 
termed Tallagium, as we learn from the statute of 25 Edvr. 1. " Nullum 
tallagium vel auxilium per nos vel per hseredes nostros in regno pouetur vel 
levcter sine voluntare et consensu.'' kc. The Uullage to which this article 
of Inquisition refers, was that which anv lord of a manor might impose upon 
his tenants, and. as ma}- be gathered from the wider terms in which the 
article is set foith in Fieta (II. c. 71, ^ 15"), was limited bv the rank of the 
tenant, whether " custumarius " or " nativus.'" The tenement of the cus- 
tomary tenant might be liable ro yearlv taillnge, but the amour:t was such 
as could be paid "sine destructione et exilio (^qu.e\\\\o) faciendo ;" but 
there was no limit to the demand, which the lord might make upon the 
servus or nativus, or upon him who, holding, according to Bracton, in pure 
villenage (H^ c. 2S, § o), was bound to unlimited service, " semper 
tenebitur ad incerta," and could be taxed at the will of the lord, either 
more or less, or, according to the terms of the French Chartie, "alto et 
basso." \\ hether the lords of manors were accustomed to exercise this 
right of taillage without restriction, is questionable, but there is every reason 
to believe, that the right of taillage upon the tenants gave the lord the 
power of throwing the burden of any public taxation upon the cultivator 
of the soil, and that taill&ge operated in favour of the lord, like the cove- 
nants in modern leases bv wliich the teiiant engages to meet the taxation. 
The following extracts from the liotuli Hundredorum. Com. C^xon. 7° 
Edw. I are a few of numerous instances of the right of taillage u;)on tcr.ants 
of difierent ranks : — 


P. 707. Villani sunt talHandi per annum ad voluntatem do:r.ini. 
P. 742. Mattheus do Bluneliam . . . rcddet per annum loco tallagii sui 
ad festum S'c"i Martini vij d. ob. et nou debet talliari secundum voluntatem 
doraini quia est ad certnni. 

P. 7.51. Libcri teixntes. Joharnes de Mandeville tenet unam virc-atam 
et dimidiam de domino Comitc in rr.anerio de Bonsenton pro viij s. et debet 
taliairinm et sectara. 

P. 753. Libcri sokinanni. Walrerus ?vIorg-an tenet unam hidam et debet 
taliaeium, &c. lb. Cnnsuetndinarii. Debent tallagiura. 

P. 782. Cotarii. Debent talliari contra natalc Domini ad volantatera 

Pasre 137. ArLoref in ]iaiciis suU extirpaverunt sine licencia. — Hedge- 
row-timber was forbidden to be cut down by the tenant, as in modern 
leases. In the manor of Belchan.p (I. 107) there was a custom, which 
permitted all the tenants, free and custum-ary, to plant trees before their 
own doors in the street upon their own land, and to cut at all times three 
kinds of trees, poplar, willow, and another kind of poplar called '' abellmn," 
but not oak or beech, except for housebote and heybote. 

An nativi lendiderint vitulum. jmUanum, ve! bovem, de propria nutri- 
tura, sine licencia domini. — It is probable that this restriction did not pro- 
hibit generally the sale of animals bred by the tenants, but only gave to 
the lord the pre-option of purchase, for v,-e read amongst the customs 
of Belchamp ll. 106 b ). '* Licitum sit custumariis equos et boves et omnia 
alia animalia vendcre sine licencia firmarii. nisi velit tantum dare sicuti 
et aliis." In some places a toll wa? taken by the lord upon these sales. 

Page 158*. Houselule, Ferhote, Heylote. — The right of the firmarius 
of the manor to have timber for the "bote" or repair of the buildings, 
for the keeping-up the fences or •■ haias,'' and also for firing, is recognised 
in distinct terms in the later leases. The right to housebote and heybote was, 
however, possessed occasionallv by other ten.-ints. In the manor of Newiuton, 
CO. Oxon. (Rot. Kund. II. p. 761) thirteen villain tenants, holding each a 
virgate of land and performing certain services, were entitled to husbote et 
hevbote " de bosoo qui vocatur biggcfrit."" 

I'age 160. JoliOnnes de MidJltton. — Canon of St. PauVs and pre- 
bendary of Chamberlain Wood, 13:.'6 — 13t^9. 

IJl'liam dc Melford. — Archdeacon of Colchester and prebendary of 
Mora. 1312. obiit 1330. 



This coErpotus is extracted from a large volume, having on the outside 
the title " Statuta Majora,'' under a covering of transparent horn, the volume 
being so styled as distinguished fiora the " Statuta Minora,'' a smaller 
voluD"ie cf Dearly the same contents, but written in a much smaller liand. 
The writing of the Statuta Mnjora is of the early part of the fourteenth 
century. The chief value of this Compotus, as connected Avith this work, 
consists in its exhibiting the order and amount of the firma? paid by the 
different rr.r.nors; as the Comporus Bracini. v.'hich follows, explains the 
method in which the grain delivert'd with the firmae was converted into 
bread and beer, and distributed to the members of the cathedral. 

Page 154. Ad dpnas et ad denum denarium. — It has been before 
observed (Introd. p. xlvii.) that the meaning of these words is doubtful. 
Possibly the dcnits denarius mav be the seven pence per week, or penny 
per d?.y, in some way a tenth penry or tithe, which was paid to the almoner 
of the cathedral, and denas mav be a form of dizenas, quasi dies-enas ; 
but all that we know certainly of the dizen^ is, that they were monev 
parrcentS; made in each of the fifr^-two weeks of the year, by each manor in 
turn {on fifrr-two consecutive Sundr.vs, commencing with the Festival of St. 
Faith. October 6), and that the amount from the difi'erent manors varied, 
the lowest amount as dizen^e bcinc' forty, the highest sixty shillings. 

Page 155. Ad dfifectum hraclni. — The meaning of this phrase may be 
deduced from observing, that tVie manors which made these payments, were 
those of iielchamp, Piunwell, and Norton, which in the time of Wulmar the 
dean <'see p. 152) provided firmae in produce, viz. Runwell for two weeks, 
Norton for one, and Belchamp for eight ; but since in later times Runwell 
and Norton furnished no firma ir kind, and Belchamp only six firma? in 
kind in place of eight, it may be concluded, that the payments stated to be 
•' ad defectum " were monev pavments in lieu of the deficient firmae in kind. 

Ad ivpphmentum. — This pavment being generally fi*. ^d appears to be 
the s^me with that mentioned in page 160 as the 6.s. 8rf., which was paid 
with evePi- firma for the supply of wood. In page IGo we read, that it was 


tlie custom of the firraarius to give ^vi•h every firma half a mark for v,-ood. 
ofren more, rarely les?, " sspiu? vero plus, minus vero ravo :" and from 
v.hat is also there said of the firmarius paying a fine to the keeper cf the 
Lrewerv, and of the paymfr.t de))ending on the price of wood, it would 
seem, that this pavme:.t at kst became fixed in amount,, and was a com- 
mutation for some defi-ite qusr.tity of fuel. 

Pacre lo8. Firma prhna de Barling. — The " dizena" and the " firma" 
from each m.anor were iiot paid on the same, hut consecutive Sundays. On 
the first Sundav after the Festival of St. Faith the Church received a dizena 
from Belchamp and a firma from Barliug. on the second Sunday a dizena 
from Barlincr and a firma from Sandon, and so on. It is to be remarked. 
that the number of firriiac'. that is. of payments in kind, was forty-five, but 
the number of Sundavs in the compotus at pages 158 and 159 is forty- 
eitrht, there being three Sur.days, on which what is termed a " defectus " 
was paid bv three manors in bleu of produce in kind. Money payments 
were made everv Suncav u. the vear. but the delivery of corn was dis- 
continued during the harvest month of September. 

Pacre 160. Per rnensuram regis rvj. quarteria. &:c. — The amendment 
of wei'^hts aud measures was one of the articles demanded by the Barons, 
and conceded in the Magi^a Charta of King John, and, as respects the 
measure of corn, the Magna Charta of i'5 Ed. I. declared, that the Quarter 
of London should be used throughout the realrn. In the " Assisa de 
Mensuris" (incerti temporise, that Quarter is said to contain eight bushels, 
and in the " Statutum de Pistoribus " mention is made of the standard 
bushel, sealed with an iron seal of our Lord the King, and denominated the 
Kind's measure. The statutes of Edward III. (which are all of them later 
than the Compotus Maneriorum of St. Paul's now under our consideration), 
attest the difficulty which then existed, and which at the distance of 500 
years still exists, of enforcing an uniform measure. It would seem that the 
King's mandate, though, as asserted in 14 Edw. III. (1340), not then 
obeyed throughout the kingdom, was put in force at St. Paul's at an earlier 
period, as earlv as 12S3. the Compotus Bracini of that year (see p. 164) 
statinc" that the firms were in Quarters of eight bushels. '' ad mensuram 

Ad hracinitrn. ad carneraht. — The payments "ad bracinum "' were 
received bv the Custos bracini, who rendered an account of the receipts and 


expenditure of the brewerv, which included the bakehouse nnd the mill. 
The payments "ad cameram" were made to the Caraerariu? or Chamberlain, 
whose duty it was to provide all thing's required for divine service, to collect 
payments, and to ])av the proper stipends at the appointed seasons. A 
member of the Chapter was appointed for this duty. ( S.'c Appendix to 
Dugdale's St. PaiiVs. p. 51.) The Camerariu? was the receiver and pay- 
master of rents and stipends, but the Tbesauraiius of tlie cathedral was the 
keeper, not of its money, but of its treasures, such as plate, vestments, 
books, ornaments, relics. tS:c. being assisted in this charge by the Sacristan 
and the ^^ergers. The value of these treasures was such as would bear 
comparison with the value of Crown jewels. 

Page 1G4*. Hac su7if duodtchn manerla. S'c. — Tliis account of the 
"firma-"" rendered b}' the manors of St. Paul's occupies the first folio of 
Book I., and precedes the account of Tiiomas Coaling, the Custos bracini in 
1283. It is here inserted, as being the first document in order of time, in 
which the quantities of grain contained in each firma are stated ; the accounts, 
which are prior to it, enumerating the firmfe only bv weeks and days (as in 
p. 152), or by the whole number provided by each manor in the year, as in 
the inquisition of 1181 (p. J 40 — 14.5). In this document the measurement 
of the trrain. and the number of oaarler? in each firma, was accurdins: to an 
older standard, and not according to the King's measure. Each firma, as 
anciently delivered, contained l^f, quarters of wheat (15 of which were for 
bread and 2>\ for beer), but afterwards 16 quarters ; anciently Z}, quarters 
of barley, but afterwards 3 quarters. The quantities, however, of the 
wheat and the barley were not really different, the firma at both periods 
containing as nearly as possible the same number of bushels, 181 qrs. at 7 
bushels, the " mensura bracini," and 16 qrs. at 8 bushels, the King's mea- 
sure, being in the proportion of 129-5 : 12S. 

Ad Grudvm. — According to Du Cange, "grudum" is barley prepared for 
making beer; but wheat being here given "ad grudum" wotdd shew, that 
the word is applicable to any kind of grist or meal. The ."^t. Paul's beer 
was brewed from a mixture of wheat, barlev, and oats. 

Ad mcn.-:uram villa'. — This measure is proDLibiy that of the Country. It 
is to be remarked that if 15 qrs. at 7 bids, to the quarter, equal, as here 
stated, 12^ qrs. of the Country measure ; it follows, that the Country 


bu?hel ^vas larger then the Town bushel, ai;d that the- iToportion of tV.e 
Country to the Tovrn bushel was as 8|- : 7. 

Page 164*. Perjaciu.n Iraciii'i. — Factus, which is denned in Du Cange 
"a iTieasure of land.'' was used bv the Roman writers " de Re Rustica" as a 
moasure in th;e mnv.ufarture of oil. ('See Facciolati in voce.) It seems, 
therefore, to be of dinerent origin from the Anglo-Saxon fset or vat. Of the 
dimensions of this '•' factus bracini "at St. Paul's we have here a clear ac- 
count. The 16 qrs. of oats -were to be paid in eight "facti," each containing 
17 ordinary bushels; the quarter by this measurement being 85 bhls. In 
12S3 this measurement of oats appears to have been no longer in use : it 
would net; however, have been surprising if it had continued to a much 
later period, since we 5nd t:.e Legislature in \'6o\. 25 Edw. III., whilst it 
enacted uniformitv of measures, exempting the rents and fiimje of lords 
from the operation of the Ac:, and declaring that they shall "be measured 
by such micasures as they we.'-e wont in times past." 

Page IGo"^. Con^vevif firmarras pro huscha da-re dimidiam rnurcurn. — 
"We need not be surprised, that so large a sum should be paid for wood 
Ti'ith each firraa, when we bear in mind, that the quantitv of fuel required 
•was that, which would bake and brew a quantitv of grain as great as 35 qrs. 
or 2S0 bhls. 
Si P^c^ \^4i. Et de jcxiiij. (Lege xxxiiij.^ quart, de multtira 7t,oii'ndini. — 

The mill of St. PauVs was probably a convenience to the citizens for 
grinding their corn ; but, without knowing the amount of toll, we cannot 
ascertain, how much corn was ground in the vear to produce in the way of 
toll this nunober of quarters. lu 1286 the " Telonium iiiok-ndini" produced 
the same amount (see p. 172). 

Furnicinm, furniata. — Words formed from the pure Latin word 
'• Fumus," an oven — larger than the " clibanus."' 

Qua'faciuntxxj-rj.fur>/tas(^s\cy — The "firmae"' here mentioned are 
calculated at the old rate of io qrs. to the "firma" instead of 1(3, as men- 
tioned a few lines above. 

Elacon. — Flanso. Flanto. Fiato, species Placentae. Giulice. Flam. (Du 
Cange.) From Eng-lish etvmologists we learn that '-flacon"' is a kind of 
daintv composed of fine four, eggs, and buUer. and that it was made 
for the wake-da V or vigil of the church saint. (Richardson's Dictionary.) 
The quantitv of fiour used in wastel and fiacon in 12S3 was 8-j qrs. and, 


in addition to this, the sum of five marks was expended. Upon these 
occasions the bakers received ei^ht bo'Ise or gallons of beer. 

In irastcU. — Wastel bread was the best kind of wheaten bread, as appears 
from the Assi^^a panis et cervisifg (>:ai. of Realm, f. 190), and also from 
t'ne fact, that at St. Paul's it was bak-d onlv for particular occasions., such 
as the Festivals of St. Paul ati the Rogation days, when the Canons had 
three wastel loaves a-day. and other iDembers of the ch.urch in proportion. 
Tite cxt*-avagance of the Prioress in ;be care of her dogs is thus indicated 
in Chaucer's Prologue : 

Of smale hourides Lad rhe, ib&t s-be tViide 
V.'ith roitcd fitsh std ciilk bud v.asttl bread. 

JDe (jiiihus hahnif xx. qxinrterif! de e.r crescent! carict/lorur/}. — For 
'• cancellorum '' lege " canttllorum." At p. 173 we have an account of 
the same profit, but expressed in different teims, " de incrcmento cranarum 
XX. quarteria."' Du Cange explains Cantallura, quasi quanlillum, id quod 
supra mensurara additum est." i e. the handful or shovelful thrown in 
after tlie measure is filled. In the Siatutum de Pistoribus we road, " toll 
shall be taken by the rase and not by the heap or canlel,'" and " no manner 
of gr.iin shall be sold by the heap or cantel except it he oats, malt, and 
meal.'" It is remarkable, that the e-;ce?s of measure liere spoken of, as 
amounting to twenty quarters, wus c:-rivc-d from the rcraeasuring 720 qrs. 
of oats, which produced 740. 

Page 166. Pra'henda eq-wirinu. — The daily allowance of corn for the 
horses ernploved in the mill. 

Dcfcere et hvjitsmodi. — All the sv-eepinss and refuse, stable dung. &;c. 

De drachat vcndilo. — Grair.s from brewing. See Du Cange, Drascus, 
where it appears that "draines'" is the more correct form of the word. 
" Grains." however, occurs in Ben Jonson. The horses at St. Alban's 
were fed with '' furfur"" and ■•' crascu>," bran and grains. 

De carbune pistrini. et bracini — The wood-ashes and charcoal produced 
in the bake-house and brew-house: Du Cange, in voce •' Carbonaria." 
quotes the following passage from •• Auctor Queroli." " Ego janidudum 
apud carbonarias agere te puta'oam, :n de pisirinis venis ; " fiom which we 
learn, that the baker might sometimes be as blackened with charcoal, as the 
charcoal-burner himself. 


Pro scijiif^f.rfi niiivs taJli^. — The account of the delivery of bread and 
beer to any partr ^as probaolv kept by a tally, consisting of two pieces of 
thin wood, hence the whole of the allowance was termed " tallia." In the 
case of absence or %ac<;ncv, the aliov.-ance due to the member was probably 
sequestered, in order to the rendering an account to the party interested. 

Pituncicc. — Allowances occasionally distributed were termed " Pittances," 
and the ofScer c^'puted to distribute them was termed " Pitanciarius." At 
Thorncr Abbev the " Pietanciarius "" possessed several •' cotagia" attached 
to his ofTice. (Rot. Hundred,- II. p. 641.) According to Da Cange, the 
proper form of the word is not Pietantia, but '• Pictantia,"' meaning an 
••illowar.ce of sn-ali value, th.^t of a " Picta." or " Pite,"' which was the 
siTiillesr coin of the Counts of Poitou. Pite, a copper coin, the farthing, or 
fourth of a pennv. (Dictionnaire de TAcademie.) 

In hi/.scJia ad to'>a.'/c. — V\"nod for the malt-kiln. " Torrale '" is the cor- 
rect form of the word, from the Latin " Torreo." 

In (ifjua dvcenda. — V\ hence the water was drawn for tlie use of the 
brewery of St. Paul's, whether from a well or from the river, does not 
appear. At p l"i mention is made of the water-drawer, aqua?ductor, as 
entitled to pitacees. The suin here mentioned as paid annually, fifty-three 
shillings and four pence, \Tas the full amount of the wages of the " duo 
servientes bracini," who nre mentioned at p. 171 as receiving twelve pence 
per week. 

In plpere ad irasiell — " Pipere" is probably the name of an}" kind of spice. 

Ferri'ia. — The labour of shoeing horses, 

Ferraracntina. — The iron for the shoes. 

Passus eqiiorum. — The horse-path at the mill, termed at p. 172 " iter," 
where we read. " In itinere equorum reparando."' 

Buletellum cvvi filo. — The boulting-cloth fastened with thread. 

Cribra. — Sieves. 

Lane . — Qy. the peels, of the length of lances, for drawing the bread from 
the oven ? 

Gati — Ys.\i. 

Cald<p. — Boilers or cauldrons. 

Page 167. Cimtii ad doiia. — Hoops for the casks. Circxdator. the 

In no I is. — Mats. 


Kemelin. — Camelinum, hair-c'iolh for straining the wort. 

CaU'jce. — Boot£. 

DUci. — Round dishes. 

Distribuenda canonicis resid^ntihvs — An abstract of this distribution 
has been given in the Introduction, p. lii. 

Page 16S. Pro uuima JriJIlehni de Suncta Margaret' Decajw. — 
The scribe in the original MS. has written Sancta INIargaret instead of 
Sanctse .Mariae ecclesife, as in p. 170. There were two persons, who 
bore the name of William de Sanctffi Marife ecclesia ; one, who was 
Bishop of London and died in ]'224, the other here mentioned; who was 
elected Dean of St. Paul's in 1241. 

///. (/. ob. per ebdomudaui pro pane nigro. — The scribe has here 
committed another error in writing three pence halfpenny instead of three 
halfpence, as in p. 170, It does not appear of what this black bread 
was made: the "assisa panis'" recognises five kinds of bread, Wastel of one 
kind, Cocket of two kinds, Simnel, and Treet. The bread of the least value 
appears to have been made de oinni blade, the loaf of which was twice the 
weight of the greater Cocket. 

Procuria GiJberli. — The purpose of this allowance does not appear. 

In stuUacione if. vanoiticorvm. — The custom is still observed of pre- 
senting to e\ erv Canon and Prebendarv a loaf of bread at his installation. 

Page 1G9. In duobus Pe^iis S'ci Pauli. — January 25, the Con- 
version of St. Paul, and June 29, which day is now dedicated to St. 
Peter alone, but formerly to St. Peter and St. Paul. These festivals are 
described in page 166- as the '' Conversion '" and the " Commemoration "' of 
St. Paul. 

Page 170. Anno gratis? tnilUsimo 250. — This account is remarkable. 
J.t would seem, that in this year the whole of the firma? from the manors 
were received, and distributed not in kind, but in money. The price of 
wheat here recorded, as compared with that of our own times, being taken 
as a standard of the value of money, would lead to the conclusion that 
money was then fifteen times njore valuable than at present. The 2C7/. 
received in monev and produce from the thirteen manors would bo repre- 
sented at the present day by the sum of 4.00oA, and the value of the bread 
and beer to the thirty canons by ! 15/. 

Pir) exennm. — Gifts to different persons. 

Jiliiiorcs Uherationes. — The oinerence between this deliverv and that to 


the Canons was Dot iu the uumber, but the qualhv of the loaves. The 
Canons" three loaves were all white, but the " minor liberatio " to the " parvi 
prebendarii." or minor canons, contained one loaf of black bread. The 
" diraidia liberatio" to the remaining nine " parvi prebendarii " was one half 
of that delivered to the three. 

Page ITi'. Jn rcnovatione 'molaruia el crjuorurn 40.-. — The expense of 
mill-stones and horses averaged (as above calculated) SO/, per annum. 

Page 173. Fratri de ordlne Cariiuliiarum pro lecluris. — The Car- 
melites were the order commonly known as the White Friars, their house 
and church in London being near Fleet Street, in the place now called 
Whilefriars. Tliev came first into England in 1224. The allowance to 
the brother for his readings in the cathedral for little less than ten months 
was one loaf and two gallons of beer per day. 

B'xrtliolomo Oroloirlario. — The clock-keepers htd a loaf per day. 
The Willielmu; de Rokewell, who is mentioned in the nest page, as receiving 
a certain quantity, was probablv an assistant, who came to help. 

l7i inslullatione canoniccrum. — Of the Canons here mentioned as in- 
stalled, Egidius Filol was Prebendary of Mapesbury, Hugo de Kendale 
Prebendary of Harleston, and Gilbert de Straiton Prebendary of Consumpta 
per Mare. The name of Johannes de Wyleby does not occur in the List of 
Prebendaries in Newcourt's Piepertorium ; but PJitlip de Wylewvby was 
Prebendary of Brownsbury. 

Pe7^ iiiensuram pavbnenti — Probably the measure of the Corn-market. 
In the parish of St. Michael le Querne, near the west end of Cheapside, 
there was in ancient times a market for corn, v,hich occasioned the church 
to be named St. Michael ad Bladum. 

Prahenda. — Comparing the measure here given of the prsebenda, as 
containing thirty boUaC; with what is stated of tlie price paid for seven 
prsebenda of beer at p, 167, we learn that the holla and the lagena, or gallon, 
were the same measure. 

Page 174. Clerico S'cti GregorU. — The church of St. Gregory was 
within the ancient cathedral of St. Paul. It is termed in p. 16S the parish 

TalUtT vacantcs. — The allowances to canons and other members whose 
places were vacant were sold and converted into money. By the statutes of 
the cathedral these *' ialli» "' or allowances were not to be sold to lavmen. 


Page 96. Alehedrlp. — It place of the note, Alchedrip. at page Ixxxiv 
the reader will be pleased to read as fallows : 

TLe Latin form of ahhedrip is --precaria cervisia?.'" i.e. a boon day with 
ale ; 'metehedrip being a '" preci.ria caruis." or boon day with meat. It is 
to be observed that a custom, to wiich the term precaria or boon dav of 
brewing, might to a certain degree be applied, existed at Saundon, where the 
Akerlings lent their utensils, when required for the lord's brewing: (1.143.) 
" Item si dominus habuerit i necesse). quando braciabit de utensilibus, de 
utensilibus debet quliibei eorum m:::ere de mutuo unum gate." The custu- 
marii also on the same manor lent their vats for brewing at Christmas and 
at ploughing times: {1. 14-.) *' Item si dominus necesse habuerit. quilibet 
eorum debet quotiens dom.inus braciabit ad Xatale Domini, et ad precarias 
carucarum, accomm-odare domino unum Vat." (I. 1-38.) '• Invcniet unam 
crnnifniani (?) ad braciandum contra Xatale Dom.ini et contra precarias caru- 

Page 75. Copj onos. fu.^iiurn. — In Fleta (11. c. 41) there is a verv inte- 
resting document containing the Articles of Inquisition relative to the 
PiO}al Forests. In the 24th articie we End the following clause, '• Quis 
habuerit conperones. ceppagia et escheatas quercuum et aliorum arborum.'" 
The text of Fleta is so eridentlr corrupt, that no apologv is necessary for 
the conjecture, that for cotiperones vre should read co?/perones, and derive 
the word from the French corrper. to cut. 

Page ]23. Contra casfclio. — Ir. searching for the meaning of this term. 
and in considering whether the Chapter might not have become amenable 
for the offence of "castellstio." i.e. fcrtifvina'a buildinir without licence, which 
is mentioned in the laws of H. I. amongst the " Placita qna; mittunt hominem 

cxxxvi corr.ECTioxs and additions. 

in misericordia re?!?."' the terms in which this offence is described, and the 
comments of various authors upon it, came under notice. In the Laws of 
Enc-land (p. 518) -^e read, " castellacio trium scannorum." In Spelman 
(patre 128) and in V>"i!kins's Leges H. I. 242. '' castellatio trium srannorum,"' 
and in Du Gauge ( :r, voct j " castellatio t)-ium annorum." Spelman pro- 
nounced the passa.e corrupt and obscure. 'J'he later reading, however, 
" scannorum," afford; a clue to the meaning of the v.ords and tlie nature 
of the offence, if it be accepted as a form of " scamnorum." In the 
language of Pliny and Columella the ridges formed by the plough are 
" scamna," and upon a greater scale three banks, or tiers of earth, might 
be termed scamna. or benches — and the surrounding a house with three 
such banks would n^ake i't a strong fortification, and thus be an offence 
a<rainst roval prerog.itix e. There is a manor-house near Southend, in Essex, 
the moat of which -'.rpoared to one wlio lately visited it, to be surrounded 
bv three banks, and to be an example of the '-'castellatio trium scannorum.'' 

Introduction, page x. Capitular Domeidays. 

In the Inquisition of the Manor of Sandon (I. 136), we meet with three 
entries, from which it appears that the ancient form of the term '• by copy 
of court roll," was '-per rotulationem." or "per rotulum Domesday." 
The persons described as thus holding lands were " libere tenentes." 

" Willielmus Marescallus tenet xviij. acras terras arabilis de Decano ct 
Capitulo v'l (videlicet I per cartam Rotulacom Domesday, quia ilia terra fait 
nativa, et reddit domino unam marcam ad festum Sci Michaclis et ad 
Pascha pro equali portione, et faciet sectam curie de tribus septimanis in 
tres septimanas. et dibit relevium." 

" Galfridus Capehanus tenet quinque acras terra?.^ et unam parvara domum, 
videlicet per cartam, et per Hotulum Domesday, et reddit xv d. &c." 

*' Dominus Vicarius de Sandone tenet unam acram per Domesday, et 
reddit ad festum. ^c." 


Deinrrius S'ci Petri. — In the account of Rome peiiiiy, (page cxvi..) we 
have omitted to state., that in the Act of Surrender of the Kingdom made 
by King John to the Pope, the right of the Pope to this revenue was 
reserved (salvis per omnia denariis Petri), in addition to the annual payment 
of 1,000 marks to be made by the King, "'pro omni servitio et consue- 
tudine." as the Pope's feudatory. There i? also a remarkable letter of the 
same Pope (Innocent III.) addressed to his Legate Nicholas and to Pan- 
dulfus (in whose presence the King had made his submission, and taken the 
oath of homage to the Pope), complaining, ihat the English Bishops, 
though they had collected Peter pence, had paid to him not more than 
300 marks, and bad taken a thousand or more to their own use. (Rymer's 
Fcfcdera, vol. I. p. 176, [i--2.) 

Ca]\id. soc. 


% In primis de manerio de Beauchamp 

Item de manerio dc Berling 

Item de manerio de Bernes . 
% Item de manerio de Chingeforde 
•^ Item de manerio de Draytone 
^ Item de manerio de Erdelev 
^ Item de manerio de Horlock 

Item de manerio de Hevbridge 
% Item inrotulationes in itineribus justiciariorum de 
foresta placitorum forestas Essex 

Item de manerio de Kadinton 

It-em de manerio de Kensworth 

Item de manerio de Kvrkbv 

Item de manerio de Luffenhall 

Item de manerio de Nastok . 

Item de manerio de Norton . 

Item de manerio de Ronwell 

Item de manerio de Sandon 

Item de manerio de Sutton . 
51 Item de manerio de Thorpe 

Item de manerio de Tidwoldincrton 

Item de manerio de Tillingbam 
*r Item de manerio de Waletone 

Item de manerio de Wikebam 











































S. PAULI LO^^DIN . A.D. 1222. 

Inquisito facta in manio de kadend" WilFo de 
hely existente firmario. NoTa jurato^. 

Gregorius filius nicboiai. 

Henr de keneswrth". 

Rob't de anfej. 

Baldewinus pulayn. 


Joh's de Clifford. 

Martinus filius WiU'l. 

Hug filius iolr'is. 

Will's filius ordgari. 

Rad' filius Edeline. 

Rob' filius Abel 

Rob' filius Gilib'ti. 

hoc est veredcm iurato^. 

Dicunt iuratores qd' manium istud defe 
dit se versus regerri pro .x. hidis cum 
boscis 7 essartis pret duas prebedas q sut 
in eade parochia . sed in alio comitatu . ^ 
est liberu 1 quietum ab omi secta corai 
tat' . 7 hundred! . 7 aliox q spectant ad do 
minu rege in capite ul" suos baillivos. 
In dnio sunt circiter tresdecies .xx. acre de 
tra arabili. Nulla est ibi pastura nisi in 
boscis 7Tiis. In duobj boscis quercinis c'ca 
curiam 7 ant€ . circiter .xij. acre. In magno 
bcsco forinseco bn restito de fago sut cir 
citer .ccc. acre. Possut esse in stauro decie* 
rigiti ores 7 .iiij. racce . 7 .xl. porci. 

Wainnagiu potest fieri cix duab5 caruci-. 
.viij. capitum. In dnico est molendinu 
ad ventu qd" potest poni ad firma p . xx. 
sol*, qd* molendinu inventu fuit in im 
plemto nianerii. Dicut eciam qd' edin 
cia curie detiorata sunt in parte . 7 me 
liorata in parte . 7 fca corapensatione 



nielioratoriis j detioratonis erit meliorato [Kaukndon.1 

nis sufiia fee p WiU'm tliesaurar .ij. niarc 

7 dimid". Dicut ecia qd' nemora eiusde vil 

le de:iorata sunt p euude ad summa .xl. 

marc^c pret' debit Q 7 necessariu sustenemtu 

curie. It* cepit de bosco vendito ult"" custu nuvi 

fossati qd' claudit magnu nemus .xiij, sol'. 

7 ad molendinu reparandu ,xx. sol'. 

Isti tenent de dominico. 
Baldewinus pulein diiiiid'.virg p .ij. sol' 

p carta capitl"i p emptonem Rob'ti pulei. 

7 .iij. acras de novo p .xij.d. 7 unii es 

sartum vet^ p .viij.d. 
Hug-' filius Rob' . dimid' virg' p .ij. sol'. 
Rob' filius Walt'i dimid' virg-' p .ij. sol' .vi.d. 
Rad' cl'icus .i. frusiciu p .vi.d. Inquirend'. 
Rob' fil' eve .j. quart' p .xii.d. 
Emma fil* estrilde ^ndue .j. q'^rt' .p .xv.d. 
Rog' de essendene .j. quart' . p .xv.d. 
Rog' fil* ernold .j. quart" p .xvi.d. 
"Walt* fil" Walt'i .j. quart' p .xv.d. 
Walt' fip gerardi .j. quart' p .xv.d. 
Ric' fir Godwin! .j. quart' p .xv.d. 
Gunnilda flF Rog'i de Clifford dimid" virg 

p .iii. sol", p carta capitl'i. 
Walt' fil' osb'ti dimid' virg p .iij. so]'. 
Askillus fir Reginaldi .j. q""rt' p .xv.d. 
Gregori' fil' Nicholai dimid* virg'. p .ij. sol'. 

7 .iij. rodas p .iiij.d. Id' iij. acras p iiij.d. 
Martin' fil' Will'i dimid' virg p .ij. sol'. 

7 una crofta p .xii.d. 
Ric' fir ailrich .j. quart* p .xv.d. 
Rog' de essenden dimid' virg' p .ij. sol'. 
Lucia fii' Galfridi dim acra opar' . 7 metit 

ij. acras. 7 i. roda ad cibu suu pp'um. 
Rad" fil* edeline .j. quart* p .xii.d. 


Durand- fil' durandi i. virg' . p. vi. sol'. [KAntsDos.] 

Kic' £1" Walii loiigi p v, soP una virg-' . 

Hu^' de dunstapele J Ric' de nortle dim virg' . p . ij. s. 

Hen? sronhard dim virg' . p . ij, sol". 

Godefrid' macun dim virg'. p . ij. sol' .vi.d. 

Galfr nl' Rob" ? ioh's ruff^ dim virg' . p . ii. sol', vi.d. 

Ric' bl'dndus . j. quartf* p .xv.d. 

Moiiiaies de bosco j. virg' . p . vi. sol". 7 j. 

essartum p . vi.d. 
Vnu mesagiu quonda Rob'ti fabri est in 

Wasto bosci. 
Henr" de Keneswrth dimid' virg' . exceptis .vii. 
acris p . siviij.d. quonda Ranulfi suspesi 

cu una acra de essarto . p Will'm tbesaur. 
I sri predci exceptis baldewino pulein -f 

Gregor fil' Nicholai debent arare bis in 

qual:b7 seisione semel sine cibo diii alt'a 

vice ad cibu dni si dns voluit. Debent 

ecia serclare . metere ter in anno ad cibu dhi. 

Lsti tenet de diiico p vilenagium. 
p> ob't filius Gilib't faber dim virg' 7 de 

bet opari bis in ebdomada p totu 

annu . exceptis Nathali . Pascha . 7 Pentec . 

1 qualib? seisione seminabili acra 7 

dimid' arare . 7 si no tit caruca facere ij. 

opacones debitas ut tenet"' 7 si aret q'etu' 

erit in ilia seisione de i. ope eiusd' tpis 

p sing-'las septim 7 aliud faciet. Pret'ea deb7 

aramra uni' diei pmod* de lage erthe in 

eade seisione scil't qualib7 seminabili. 

Ir cuelib7 virg' q no averat . deb7 parare 

vi. cuarr brasii ul' dare vi.d'. et erit q^ef 

a VI. opaco]ie . 7 hre focagiu a dno ad ilPd 

fiarand' . 7 qui no avrant faciut fotaver. 
Will* £1' "Wiil'i dim virg' p id serviciu. 
"V^'ill's fil' acerli dim virg" p id* serviciij. 


Laur fil' Rob'ti dimid virg" p id* seru. [Kadenuon.] 

J oh fil' Gilibti dim virg' . quoda Walkelini cui 

n attinet p id'" seru p Williri firmar ut escaeta 

ppter furtura. 
Alexandr cD hrede Rog'i Godsweini dim virg' 

p ide serviciu. 
Alicia fil" iuliane .ij. acras 7 deb7 opari .viii. 

dieb5 in autupno. Rad" fil' Alexandr te 

net una de istis duab} 
Cecilia fil' Ric frend .iij. rodas 7 deb? opa 

ri .xii. diebj in autfipno. 
Will's long' .i. quart quonda Rob* de la dene 

cui n attinet p Will'm firmar 7 in q'^'lib7 

ebdomada p annu deb; opari semel? 

in una ebdorn"' autupni bis. 
Reginald^ fil' ordgari .i. q"'rt' p id' serv. 
Walt's basset .ij. acras 7 opari i autupno 

•riii. dieb3 

cole no a' 

Rad' de Watdon .j. acra quonda hug' . cui 

no attinet p Will'm firmar' . 7 .viii. opaco 

nes debet in autupno 7 pret'ea deb7 .ij. 

capones in anno 7 p mesagio deb7 me 

tere .ij. acras 7 una rodam. 

Isti sunt libere tenentes. 
Petr^ loeringus difn hida p .x. sol' . 
Nicholaus fil* patrik .ij. partes unius vir 

gate p xl. d'. 
Hug fil' iob'is .j. virg 7 dim p vii. sol' 7 .vi. 

d' . p capitl'm ut dicit de tola tra cui^ tm 

het medietate 7 Alicia fil' Will'i alia nied". 
Alicia fil' eillive .j. quart' p .xv.d. 
Kob' fir Wiburge .j. quart" p .xv.d. 
Rob' fil' Abel .j. q'^rt p xvi.d. 7 .ii. capones. 
Job'" fir Milonis .j. quart' p .xv.d. 
A nicia fil' Rogi .j. quart' p xvi.d, 
Rad' fil' Ric fiP Serici dim virg p .iij. sol'. 


J debet facere .j. summa brasii de blade [Kadf.ndon.] 

dni 7 ducere lond". 
Abel fir ernoldi dim virg p .ij. sol' 7 p ser 

viciu cum supradco 
Rog^' fil' Ric* dim virg' p .ij. sol. .vi.d. nuc 

ad opacom cii dimid' virg' q averat. 
Alicia cu hrde ernesii .j. quart' p .xv.d. 
Anicia relicta Gilib'ti dim virg p .ij. sol' .vi.d. 
Rad' fir aluredi .i. ^■^rg p\v. sol' .vi.d. 
Guido tenet medietatem uni' virgate . Rad' fil' 

Alexandr alia mediet p .v. sol. 
Reg' de essenden dim virg' q''*nda Regin ppo 

siti cui no attinet p Will'm thesaur p .ii. sol' .vi.d. 
Quatuordeci acre uni' virgate quonda David 

fabri siit in dnico J magr Simo tenet .j. 

quart' p .xi.d. 7 Gunnilda fil' Rog' .j. q"'rt p .xv.d. 
Rob' de Wint' .j. virg p .v. sol'. 
"Will's fil' Daniel' .j. virg' p ,v. sol". 
Henr de Waineme ,j. virg' p v. sol'. Idem .j. 

quarter p .xv.d. 
Ric fil' ioh'is dim virg 7 opat cu tris q averat. 
Rob' fil' Gilib'ti dim virg p .ii. sol. .vi.d. 
Jordanus de lond" .ii. virg p .viii. sol. de 

empto quonda "V\'alt'i de estun 
Isti debet arare . sarcl'are . met'e in p'cariis 

ad cibu dni . Job's de Clifford .ij. acras 7 

dim 7 mesagiia p xiiij.d. p ofni servico 

qonda "Wluiue cui no attinet p "Will'm thesaur'. 
ms supradci debet predco m<^ arare . sarclare. 


7 met'e quo hug' fil' Rob'ti sup"" 7 qui cia eo 
scributur excepto iordano q' succedit .J. 
de hospitali . Isti sunt Cotarii. 
Rad' fil' edeline 7 W'arinus tenet .j. virgata 
p q** opantur a festo Sci Michael' usque ad 
advincula ter in oini ebdom"' exceptis nath'. 
pasch' . pentec 7 deinceps usq : ad festuni 


sci michael' oiTii die excepto sahb'o . debet viii. [Kadknpon.j 

siimagia p annu loud' ul' alias. Reddet ecia 

singl'is annis garsauese scil' .iiij.d. ? ob" de 

qualib? virg'" q auerat I' q no averant 

faciut fotauer 7 si liabuerlt porcos dabut 

de paiinagio de porco supannato sc'd cosuet' 

ville ? debent .vii.d. 1 ob" de langabl'e 

7 de Wdeseluer .iiij.d. 7 ob" 7 .j. quart' 

de auena ad foddercorn 7 seme frumeti 

ad una rodara. 
Will's hi" ordgari difri virg p ide seruic. 
Godefrid' 7 Ric fit' machtild .j. virg p id' serv' . 
Will's fir ordgari 7 Garin' fil' asconis 7 Rol)' 

£1" Wait"! .j. virgata p ide seruic. 
Rob" fil' Abel .j. quart' p ide serine. 

Isti tenet de novis essartis fcis tempore 
Wiiri thesaurarii firmar. 
Hug fil" Rob" .iii. acras 7 dim p .xiiij.d. 
Will's fir Will' .iii. acras 7 dim p .xiiij.d. 
Rob" fir Walt' .V. acras . 7 dim p .xxii.d. 
Job's storensis .ii. acras 7 dim p .x.d, 
Warin' fil' azonis .ii. acras 7 dim p .x.d. 
Rob' de linlee cu hrede Rog'i de Clifford .iiij. 

acras 7 dim p .xviij.d. 
Will's long''^ .i. acra 7 .i. roda p .v.d. 
Askitillus .j. acra 7 dim p .vi.d. 
Henr fil' pet' .iij. rodas p .iii.d. 
Rog'us long" .i. acra p .iiij.d. 
Gregor' fil' Nichol' .j. acra p .iiij.d. 
Nicholaus pat'k una acram p .iiij.d. 
Martin^ fil" Will'i .i. acra p iiij.d. 
Alicia relicta Alani j. roda p .i.d. 
Rob' fir abel .j. roda p .i.d. 
Job's fil' milonis .i. roda p .i.d. 
Anicia filia Rog'i .i. roda p .i.d. 
Ric' fil Ailrici .j. rodam p .i.d. 
Henr fil' decani i. acram p .i.d. 
al' .i. rod'. 


I?epnaldus pposit' tenuit dim virg tre in 
cadendoii iib'am p .ii. sol' . p omi servico 
7 de purprestura an fuit bailliu^ .vi. iiu 
inatu trc. De lioc au tenemto postq""m 
cessit in dies regis assisu est tenenitu Ir* m". 

Rob' fil- Walt'i .i. quart'. 

Garin' £V azonis .j. quart' de dim virg' ad 
o^atonem sic' Will's fil' ord^^eri. 

Wilr's fir 'Will'i sueni p una pprestura .xii.d. 

Rob* fir Eue .iij.d. p una placia. 

R or" s de essenden .xv.d. p .iij. rodis q"nda 
^"S iin fir agemiidi cui no attirset. 

Job's Xorensis .xii.d. p .j. quart' t"re. 

Rob' fil' Walt'i .xij.d. p .j. mesagio. 

Garinus fil" azonis p .j. mesagio. 
Inquisitio fca in roanio de Kerieswrtli WilF 
thesauf existente firmario. 
Nomina jurato^ 

Henr de Kenes^vrth 


Rob' danfej 

Job's holde^rlm i 

Laur ppositus 

Gilib" deboneire 

Gregor de ancbelei 

Rog"us sapies 

Rob* de bokesme 

Rob' holdegrim 
Will's de Wain erne 

Thorn herward 

de tra arabili. de prato nicb 

seco magno sut quiquies vigiti acre 7 i 

encbele .xxx. acre bn vestite de bosco 7 

in clauso circa curia circiter .iij. acre. 

Possut ee in stauro quiquies .xx^'. oves 

7 .XXX. porci. Potest fieri V/ainnag' maiiii 

Dicunt isti quod 
manium istud 
defedit se vsus rege 
p .X. bidis cii boscis 
7 est lib'ra 7 q'etu 
ab oirii secta comi 
tat' 7 hundredi 7 
alio^ q spectant ad 
dnm regem in capi 
te 7 suos baillivos . In 
diiico sut duodecies 
viginti acre 7 .viij. 

In bosco fori 


cu .ij. carucis .viij. capiru cu consuetud'ib' [KE.vt^^wRTH.j 

villate. Dicut ecia quod emedatu est 

nianium in .1. acris marlatis p WiU'm 

tiiesaur ad summa .c sol. It" diciit q'd 

tepore ejusde pejorata sut neraora in ve 

ditione ad summa .xx. marcar p't' ne 

cessariu "? debitu sustinemtum curie. 

Isti tenet de dnico 1; de essarto 
Gilib' tannator .ij. acras de essarto p .xii.d. 
Job' fil' Gibb' .ij. acras de essarto p .xii.d. 
Abcia relicta Warini .vi, acras 1 dim de es 

sarto ? dim de dfiico p .iii. sol. 
Walkebn' fil' Henr .iij. acras de frucisio ? una 

acra de tra edwaker . p .xxvij.d. 
Cecilia relicta Rad' .iiij. acras 7 dim de essar 

tis ■? .ij. acras ? dim de dnio p .iij. sol. 
Alexandr fil' Gregof ac"'ra 7 dim de essarto p .ix.d. 
Simo 7 b'eb'tus fil' alurici .iij. acras de es 

sarto 7 .i. acram de dnio p .ij. sol. 
Micbael fil" Galfrid' .iij. acras de essarto 7 

.i. acram de dnio p .ij. sol. 
R ic fil" Galfr' .i. acram de essarto 7 .iij. acras 

7 dim de dnio p .XTi.d. 
Rad" fil* Alex .ij. acras .p .xiiij.d. 
Matfes fil* Ric' .ij. acras .j. roda min' p .x.d. 
Henr fil" tbeodorici .ij. acras de dnio p .iiij.d. 
Rad' cl'icus .xv, acras p .ii. sol. de dnico tpto. 
Ric" yinge .ij. acras de dnico p .vj.d. 
Ric" leg. .iij. acras de dnico p .xij.d. 
Magr Simo nepos jobis circif .xi. acras de 

dnio p .T. sol. 
J uliana rebcta benr fil' rob'ti dim acra de 

dnio p .i.d. 
Job' fil' ric" carnificis dim acra de dnico p .ij.d. 
Job" fil" ailgari dim acra de dnio p .ij.d. 
isicbol' de Stanbreg .i. acra de diiico p .iiij.d. 

ECCKESI^ S. PAULl LOXOIN. A. I). 1222. '. 

Ald:tha relicta ^A'iiti haliday .i. acra de dnio p .iiij.d. [Kenlst^rth. 

Petr fil' Ric xi. acras de dnio p .xii.d. 

E lyas ? Wins de capita din) acra de dnio p .ii.d. 

Henr pposit' dini acra de dnico p .i.d. 

Gregor de anchel" vendicat .iij. acras 7 dim 

de dnio p .vi.d. q'^s Ric fil" ioh'is tenet. 
Osegod stonhard .i. acra de dnio p .iiij.d. 
Estrilda ? Galfr .i. acra 7 dim de dnio p .iij.d. 
I sabella relicta Galfr dim acra de diiio p . ob. 
R ic £1' Ric blundi .vii. acras de dnio p .xiiij. 

d. It* .iij. acras 7 .i. roda p ,vii.d. 
Helyas 7 hug' cQ hrdibi hu.nfridi .i. acra 

de dnio p .ii.d. 
Rad* long^ .ij. acras de dnico p .vi.d. 
0ms isti sunt de dunstapel* 7 debet mete 

re semel in autupno ad cibu diii. 

Hen? de Keneswrth* .i. acra de tra joh'is 

cantoc p .vi.d. 
Gilib' deboneire .vii. acras 7 difn de eade 

p .iii. sol. 7 .x.d. 
Gregor de anchel' .v. acras p .iij. sol. 
J oh's de anchel' .ii. acras 7 dim p .x.d. 
Walt rutur .vi. acras 7 dim p .xiii.d. 
J oh"s ruffus .ij. acras p .si.d. 
Elvas de capita .i. acra 7 dim p .vi.d. 
Witts ceroetarius .iiij. acras p .xvi.d. 
Rad' cl'icus .^'iiij. acras p xxxij.d. 
Gregor carnifex .vi. acras j. roda min^ p .xviij.d. 

Isti tenent de tra assisa. 
Rob' de alfay .ij. virg'. p .x. sol. p carta capit' 

7 unu essartii p .ij. sol. 7 .i. mesag' p .xii.d. 
J oh' holdegrim .ij. "^"irg". p v. sol' p carta 

capitii 7 .vij. acras quas aliq^'mdiu te 

nuit sn servicio . m<^ p .viij.d. p carta 

capitti p fine fern c decano 7 capitlo. 



Eccl'ia de Keneswrth .j. virg sn servicio assig [Kf.nksv.rth.] 

nata est p capitim ricario. 
Editba relicta joh'is '7 Gregor de ancliel' .j. virg 

p vi. so]'. 
Gilib' deboneire .j. virg p v. sol", cu custodia 

he'dum thorn* fal" Reginaldi 
Hen? fil' augustini .j. virg p v, sol'. 
Hug noTus ho cii hrde Rolvti sellarii diniid' 

virg p .ij. sol". ? .vi.d. 
Thorn fir Rad' alia dim virg p .ii. sol', .vi.d. 
Laur de hospitali . j. virg p v. sol'. 
Galfr fil' SimOis .j. virg p v. sol". 
Ric 5'inge .j. virg p v. sol' quonda Galfr' cFici cui 

no attinet 7 hab? de empto . Ite Ric .i. gravam 

unde assertavit circiter v. acr"' ptinetes ad 

virgata . Hugo nepos Gilib'ti .j. virg p .v. sol'. 
Walt'us fil' Aelberni .ij. virg p .x. sol'. 
Witts fil' niath'i 7 Witts de Weineme .j. virg p 

.X. sol'. Matilda relicta philippi .j. virg p .v. sol'. 

Isti tenent dimidias virgatas. 
Rob' fil' Ric dim virg p .ij. sol", .vi.d. 
Laur fil' turstani dini virg p .ii. sol', .vi.d. 
Rob' 7 Walt'us dim virg p .ij. sol'. 7 .vi.d. 
Witts fir hug .j. virg p .v. sol'. 
Henr de kenes\^Tth 7 Rob' de alfay dim virg 

p .sxviii.d. 7 masiu est in dhio 7 excidut 

.ij.d. p Witim thesaurariu firmar. 
Job's rumangur de dunstaple dim virg p 

V. sol'. 7 .ii.d. ntim jus in ht. 
Gluilib'! isto^ debet arare inqualib? saisio 

ne seniel 7 serciare et mete sn cibo . excep 

tis Hen? de Kenesvrrth 7 Rob' daunfay 

7 Job' holdegrim. 

Isti sunt cotarii. 
Adelina relicta Gilib'ti .i. cotland p .ii. sol. 
Rob' holdegrim dim virg p .ii. sol. 7 .vi.d. 


"r eide Rob vet' essartu p .xx.d. [Klnls-wrtu.] 

G alfr bludus q'rtara parte virg p .xv.d. 
H er.r fil' aug'tini .j. q'^'rter p .ij. sol'. 
J olv fir Laur 7 Joh's Ledeburg dim virg p .ij. 

sor. Ide de essarto .iiij. acras p .vi.d. 
Hug novus ho .j. quart p .ij. sol. Idem de 

dominico .iiij. acras p .vi.d. 
Wiiis de Waineme .j. quart p .ij. sol'. 

Isti tenent de e^sarto veti. 
Roh* holdegrim .vii. acras p .xix.d. 7 ob'. 
Galfr bludus .vii. acras p .xix.d. ? ob. 
Maurici' fiF Regin .x. acras p .ij. sol'. J .vi.d. 
Rad" reisunt .x. acras 7 dim p .ii. sol". 7 .j.d. 
Osb'tus de venella .viij. acras p .xxii.d. 
J oh's rumagur. 

Aiexandr fil' ernesii .vi. acras p .ij. sol'. 
Hug novus ho .vi. acras p .xii.d, "^ 

Laur turstani .ij. acras 7 dim p .x.d. 
Osb'tus de la lane .iiij. acras p .xvi.d. 
"Witis de ^^'aineme dim acra p .ij.d. 
Wilis Walt'us 7 Rob' dim acra p .ij.d. 
Thorn fil' Rad' dim acra p .ij.d. 
Hug novus ho dim acra p .ij.d. 
Hug fir Wiiti .vi. acras p .x.d. 
Walrus fil' Walt'i .^'iij. acras p .xiii.d. 
Galfr fil' hereb'ti .j. quart p .xvi.d. 
Galf fil' Rob' droppelime .viij. acras 7 dim p .xiiij.d. 
Matilda fil' phihppi 
Joh's holdegrim 
Joh's fil' laur .iiij. acras p .x.d. 
Galfr fil' Simo .viij. acras 7 dim p .xxii.d. 

7 tres sunt de dnico. 
Job's fir and? dim virg p .ij. sol. 7 .viij.d 
Laur de hospital' dim virg p .xl.d. 

tres acre q'"s tenuit laur sn servico iveniri fi posst. 
Joh'a relicts Rob'ti dim acra p .ij.d. 


Rob' de la lane .iiij. acras 7 .j. rodam p .xvij.d. [Kineswrth.] 

Gregor 7 editha .ij. acras .j. roda min' p .ij.d. 
Gilib' deboneire .iij. acras p .xi.d. 
Hug' novus ho .1. quart' p .xvi.d. 
Wilis til' Ade .vi. acras . p .xii.Q. 
Rob' 7 Witts de hokesiiie dim virg p .ii. sol" .vi.d. 
Job's pmtarius .iiij. acras 7 .iiij. acras de ve 

teri tenemto p .xv.d. 
Osb'tus de la lane .vi. acras 7 .j. roda p .xli.d. 

quonda aug'tini cui no attinet. 
Rogus sapies .j. quart p .xv.d. 
Hug novus ho .j. quart p .xv.d. 
Gregor de anchele .viij. ac'^s p .xvi.d. 
E lyas 7 Hug .xij. acras p .ij. sol. 
Oms isti debent arare 7 sarctare semel sn clbo 
7 semel ad cibu dni . 7 mete semel sn cibo 7 
bis ad cibum dni. i^^[ t_enct de iiovo essar 
to fco p heb"tum arch' cant' 1 p decan "l p 
capit '\ p fine fcm cu decaii T. cap p .i. marca 
Gregor de anchel' .i. quart p .xvi.d. p eund'. q'^m solveit. 
Gilib' deboneire .j. quart p .xvi.d. cu h'ede 

thom' in custodia . p eund'. 
Alexandr de astreg .j. quart p .xvi.d. 7 dim 

acra p .i.d. It Witts Waineme .ij. ac"'s p .x.d. p eund'. 
Henr de Keneswrth .ij. acras 7 .i. roda p .ix.d. 

Essarta assisa tempe Witti thesaur' firmar. 
Henr de Keneswrth .iij. rodas p .iij.d. 
Rob' daunfey .iij. ac'^s p xiid. It eid' .j. acra 

de escaeta p .iiij.d. p R. serviete thesaur'. 
Laur fir turstani .ij. ac'^s p .%-iii.d. 
Vritis de Waineme dim acra p .ij.d. 
Wait's de hokesiiie 7 Rob' .j. roda p .i.d, 
Witis de helum diih acra p .ij.d. 
Rob' de hokesifie .ij. ac'^'s .j. roda rain^ p .vij.d. 
Galfr fir h'eb'ti .iij. rodas p .iij.d. 
Witts de foukesine .j. curtillag p ob'. 

Till >]■]■- 

ECCLESI.i: S. PAULl LOXDIN. A.D. 12227" 

Galfr blundus .j. roda p ,i.d. 

Mauricius .j. roda p .j.d. 

Rob' holdegrim .j. curtilag' p ob. 

Guido fir Alexandr .iij. acras p .xii.d. 

Osb'tus de lane .j. acra p xii.d. 

Augustin" unchere .iij. ac'^s p .xii.d. de vet'i essarto. 

Inquisicb fca in roanio de Sandun ioh' 
de SCO laurentio existente firmario. 

Nomina jurato^ 
Galfr fil' ermigard 
Reginald fil'" aihvini 
Rad' de Storteford 
J oil's ppositus 
Rob" norus ho 
O sbr fil' Alviet 
Will's de la lee 
Ric Bedellus 
Walt's fil' Ailwini 
AVitts de la Rod' 
J oh's de luifehaV 
Alexandr de la don 

hoc est vedcm jiirato^ 

Isti dicunt q'd mani 
um istud defedit 
se vsus rege p .x. hvdis 
exceptis duabus hydis de 
luffehall' 7 est lib'm 7 q^e 
turn ab omi secta conai 
tat' J hudredi 7 alioz q 
sp^tant ad diim rege i 
capite vt suos baillivo^ 
De .X. hidis pdcls de sa 
dona dimid' hida pti 
nuit ad ecd'am q m^ 4- 

in di^ico. DiciJt eciam q'd in dnico st .dc. 
acre 7 .Ix. p qulquies vigiti. De p^'to fal- 
cabili .XX. acre. In pastura ad carucas ? vac- 
cas .xii. acre. Nulla est ibi alia pastura n' 
in boscis. In bosco de rodewode .xxvi. acre 

I n bosco de aleg'^ve .X-Xat. acre. In bosco de 
tichenho .vi. acre. In chalcrofte .iij. acre 

Dicct q'd ista neniora mediocriter s't vesti 
ta pret' tichenho . q'd nuU'ra ht magna ar 
bore. Dicut ecia isti q'd in isto raanio pos 
sunt ee .cc. ores p sexciesvigi ti ? .vi. vac 
ce cu uno tauro. Potest ibide fieri Avai 
nagiu cu .v. carucis quar tres hnt .iiij. 
boves 7 .iiij. eq'^'s ? due sing'le .vi. eq"s 
ru cdsuetudinib; villate ppf" dnicum 



* ^ 


















•'' , 





'T O 

'^ ; :; ' c 


de luffehale 7 alia q remota sQt . q tH^snt in dis- [Sandvn.] 

positone firmarii. Dicut etiam q"d p' pacem 

reddita cepit Walt's de Godardi villa in ne ^ 

more ad valentia 
De villata recepto .x. niarcas 7 dim. Dicut ^ 

ecia q'd emendatu est manium tpe J. de 

Sco laur in domib} fossatis clausturis 7 

aliis ad valentia .xv. marca^. 
Isti tenent de dominico, 
A scelina filia lefwini .j. acra p .iiij.d. 
Saeva filia folinardi .j. acra ad opacom. 
Rob' forestari- .j. acra ad opaconecQ. iiij- 

acris dnici p Ric firmanu. c •- -^, .- ^ 

J oh' de surreia .iiij. acras- p .ix.d. ^ t "^ ^ B 

Waif's taillur .iiij. acras p .xvi.d. c !^ '~' i 'i 

Joh'i de bassingeburne cu hide Witti angli f '^ '^ rS 'B 

ci .iij. acras p .iiij.d. ^ ,_; > o ^ 

Walt's ppositus .j. acra p .xii.d. qudda ail -g § _^ -^^ -^ 

■wardi cui no attinet p R. ruffu. ^2 ^ c .t; c 

Walt's sutor .j. acra 7 .i. mesuag p .xvi.d, -^ S -r -x _= 

Anicia rebcta Job' besant .j. mara p .i.d. O Ip. -^ C^ "i 

Una acra q°nda chant'elli est in dnico. 

Rob' fir Wlurici .vi. acras p .xxvij.d. 

Stepb's de Ware .v. acras p .ij. sol. ^- c'= s 

. •— c; '^ V- 

Ric Bedellus .v. acras p .xvi.S. := " .r; ^ ^^ 

" C*^ f*^ •■" '^ r^ 

Nicbol' fil' Ric .V. acras p .ij. sol" p c^ ^ -r c 

. . . ^ r- w K* ri 

Reginald' miles .iiij. acras 1 dim p .xii.d. "^ g 
Ide .T. acras p .xviij.d. Ide .i. mesag p x -^ -^ c« '^.^ '^ 

.ij. de nova purprestura. c c "i •& t; '^ -B 

AVitis carpentari' .iiij. acras 7 dim p .ij. sol. .E i^ ^ S ^^_ | j 

p capittm. -^ .^ p ^ S jC 5 

Eustacbi^ fil' sexburge .i. roda p .xij.d. g J -^^ 2:- g c^ ;c 

Walt's fil' ailwini .j. mesa| p .iiij.d. 
Hodierna .j. acra p .vi.d. J seqr .iiij. pea 

rias ad cibum dni. 
Witts de tichenbo dim acra p .vi.d. 

£ ^ 

c c*^ r^ "5 

.b o 5 


Ric clobbere .v. acras p .xii.rl. p Ric rufFu firmar. l- an din.] 

Osb't' fir aillede .ij. acras p .viij.d. p eund*. 
Job's fil' Baldewini .iij. acras p .ssiii.d. 

q<^nda thurkilli cu uno curtillagio. 
Elyas fil' Rob'ti .v. acras p .xvi.d. 
H enr fil' Ric .j. situm molcdini p .ij. sol. 
Elyas una Brusam q^nda aihvardi p .xii. 

d p capim. jc,^i g^^^i^ libere tenentes. 
Lucas fir ioh'is .j. virg" ? dim p .xii. sol'. 
Adam de Ippegrave 7 Job's de Kelesbell cu 

filiab5 Witii fil' Ric una virg 7 dimid' 

? .V. acras p .xs. sol'. 
Alanus fil' Alexandr de bassingeburn. 

.iii. virgatas p .xx. sol. 1 pt bee .x. acras 

de villata 1 .x. de dnico ppt secta sire *? 

bijdredi q'^m m^ no facit. 
Walt's de mora .ij. virg 1 dim p .xxii.S q^nda bam. 
"Wifis de mora .j. ^■irg J dim p .xii. sol' quas 

Ric de Wara tenet de illo. 
Ric fir osb'ti de Ware .j. virg p v. sol'. 
Ric de sakevilla .j. virg p .vii. sol. iiij.d. p 

carta capit'li. 
J oil" de bassingburn cu brde Wiiti angli 

ci .j. virg p .X. sol. 
Adam de Ippegrave 7 Job's v, acras quoda 

turgis p xvi.d. 
Henr fil' Ric' de sandun dim bydam 

q"'m avus suus tenuit tpe Regis Henr 

p .xiii. sol. Id' .j. virg p .ix. sol' q'"m 

uxor sua disrationavit in curia sci pau 

li p breve regis ap'd sand". Idc tenet dim 

virg q fait living p .iiij. sol". 
Adam palmius .x. acras p .iiij. sol. Idem 

dim \'irg q fuit ailrici cornmonge 

unde reddit .iiij. sol". 
G alfr fir ermingard .j. virg' 7 dim p 


.xii. sol. It .V. acras q solent opari . m" redclit [Sandin.] 

.iij. sol' p capitim. 
Ranulfus de stortef ci filia Regni .j. virg p 

V, soF. It .X. acras p .iiij. sol', p capim tpre 

alardi decani . postmod" tpe Rob" decani ? 

de cosensu totius capti s^ confirraatas. 
J acob^ .X. acras p .iij. soF. q"'s tenet Regih de eo. 
Henr fil' Ric dim acra 1 a. mesag p .vi.d. 

de empto pdecessoris sui. 
Felicia fil'" duzamur .j. virg 1: dim p .xi.s. .vi.d. 
Garinus fil" Garini .j. virg 7 dim q fuit 

patris sui p .xii. sol'. Id' tenet dimid' 

hydam p %'iij. sol." 
Lucas fir Joh'is .x. acras p .xvi.d. quas pat' 

suus disrationavit in curia de sandun 

p breve dni regis. 
Beatrix relicta ioh'is fil" Ric' dim virg p .iij. 

sol'. It' .V. acras p .xviij.d. cli .j. curtilagio. 
Lucas fir ioh'is .x. acras p .ij. sol', quas lucas 

pdecessor suus disrooavit p breve dni reg. 
Ric fil' Witii .X. acras p ij. sol'. 
Onis isti arant semel in hyeme semel in 

x""!. metut in autiipno . plaustra prestat 

J hoc totia ad cibum dni. 
Regifi de su fil' ailvrini dim virg cu pti 

netiis p dim marca p omib; sen'iciis. 

It .j. roda in augintu q fuit matill' sine 

servico. Id' mesag' quonda Matitt. 
Anicia relicta joh'is besant .x. acras lib'as p 

cartam capii p .iij. sol, 

Isti tenet dimidias virg ad opacoera. 
Wifts de la lee tenet dim virg ? .i. acra p 

Elyas fir Rob' fil' Ailwardi dim virg. 
Matilda rehcta Warini dim virg. 
Martin^ fil' Baldewini diih virg. 
Witts fir Wlurici diiri virg. 

ECCLESI.-E S. }'ArLI LOXDIN. A.l). 1222. 17 

OniS isti debent portare Lond' sini-ti .xxv, [Sakdun.] 

sumas cii pp'o custainto 7 . arare p annu ,ix. 
acras . ? h'ciare .vi. acras .7 pt'ea arare .j. roda 
? seminare de pp'o frumto . ? sirgul' septifn 
a festo sci michael" usq., pentec* .ij. opac^ 
n'^ ierint Lond'. Deinde usq.^ ad viucta .iiij. 
opacos oirii sept". Deinceps usa ad festu 
sci rnichael" .v. opacones orrii sept". Ad Wde 
seluer .viij.d. Ad maltselu .xiij.e. In iia 
thali .ij. gallinas . ad pascha .xv. ova. 
Pannagiu de porco supailato ob". de no 
supanato q"^". pret'ea Witts de la Jee ? 
elvas fir Rob' debet utq.. eo^ cu maltselv 
.]. stricam avene. It" cms oparii dim vir 
e:ate debent invenire vasa 7 utesilia 
ter in anno ad braciandij. 

Isti sunt operarii .x. acrarum. 
Matitt filia Asketilli tenet .x. acras 7 debi 

una stricam avene. 
Ric" fil' Wifast .x. acras p id' sernc" 7 deb? 

.j. stricam avene sic matitt. 
Osb'tus .X. acras 7 deb? .j. stricam. 
Ric novus ho cu filia Wlurici .x. acras. Id' 

.j. acra p .xii.d. 
Ric' burgeis .x. acras 7 deb? .j. strica. 
Rob' de la lee .v. acras 7 debet .j. hoppa. It. 

ids .V. acras de t'ra osb'ti kehel p servico 

-x. acraz. 
Ric' fir Aluredi .x. acras 7 deb? .j. strikam. 
"Witts fil" Osb'ti fir Godwini .x. acras 7 deb? 

una strikam. 
Witts novus ho .x. acras. 
Thomas ff Rob'ti .x. acras. 
Baldewinus fil' Rob'ti .x. acras. 
Ascelina vidua .x. acras 7 deb? .j. strika aven. 
Ric' bedellus .x. acras. 



Walt's 7 AValt-'s .x. acras qua? .v. averant .v, no . [San dun-.] 

7 debent .j. strikara aver.e. 
Rad' Xecliebur .x. acras. 
Of?;? i?ti oparii .x. acrar o^antur hoc m° 
"unusquisq^ eo^ excepris .v. acris supius ex 
ceptis in pximo debet portare .xvi. sumas 
'r tciam ptem uni' sunie Lond' cu pp'o custam 
to . 7 debet arare p aiir.u .vi. acras exceptis 
pcariis. Debet eciam venire ad jScarias ara 
re . 7 pximo die p' pcariam debet unaquaq., 
caruca avare dim acra fi>uratam . 7 a festo 
sci micliael' usq.. pentec" debet bis opari in 
duabi septifn n^ tiunt in ava<:io .7 t'cia sep 
tiniana nich'. A pentec usq., ad vincta 
debet in ebdora'" .iiij. o?ac . due ad cibum 
cni . A festo sci pet^ ad vincfa usq,, ad festu 
sci micbael' p singias septim .iiij. opac . 
duas ad cibii dni . 7 pt' hoc venire ad una 
pcariam se t'cio . 7 si bladij dni no fuit 
collectu in Nativit beate marie deb? un^ 
quisq, in pximo die venis mete dimid' 
acra. Deb"? ecia un'quisq, arare t'ciam pte 
dim acre . 7 serainare de pp'o semine . scU de 
frumto. Ad Nathal' .ij. gallinas . ad pascha 
.X. ova . pannagiu ut sup"' si porcos habuit . 
ad makselv .viij.d. 7 ob" . 7 ad Wdeselver 
.v.d. 7 ob. 

Isti sunt oparii quina acrarum. 
Rog' fir aihner leg tenet .v. acras . 
Emma vidua .V. acras . 
Mar^areta vidua .v. acras. 
Felicia filia du5amur .v. acras set m"^ est 

ad denar p firmarios. 
Ofns isti debet opari a festo sci michael' us 
q, ad pentec bis in ebdom"' . 7 deinceps usq, 
ad vincta .iij. opac in ebdom una ad 

ECCLEbl.t S. PAL" LI LONDIX. A.D. \22'2. I'J 

cibum dni. A festo sci petri ad vincta usq.^ ad 

festum sci michael' .iij. diui acras rnetC' .7 ad 

pcarias venire . 7 hre .j. garba de ipo blado 

? .iij. acras arare p annu. In Nathali .j. gal 

lina . ad pascha .v. ova . ad raalteselu .vi.d. pa 

nagium si porcos huerit. Debet ecia portare 7 

njinare . pstare saccu 7 dare obim p sacco in _ '^ 

redditu sacci . 7 dare .vi.d. ad braciand' ad -'z -~ _^ 

.iiij. terrainos . 7 quoties ded'it. erit q'et^ al) ope. ^ ,_ .^, 

Isti sunt cotarii. ; il x ^ 

Rog" fil* rad' de Xuers .j. acram. ^ Z ~ 

S ceva vidua .j. acram. 
Galfr fir Witt parle]:>ot .j. acra. 
A^ alt's ppositus .j. acra. o '". ^ 

Theobaldus .j. acram. :n '■? "H 

"\A alt's fil Rob' de ho .j. acra. X ^ .H 

Job's fil' Baldewini .j. acra. "E '^ "^ 

0ms isti debet opari semel onii ebdom'" a festo ~ "x I! 

sci michael'" usa. pentec. Deincep? usq., ad r^ "^ 5 

vincta: bis in ebdom'" . semel ad cibQ dhi. ^ ~z ^ 

A festo sci pet' ad vincta debet ter cpari in "? li "^ 

ebdora'" . 7 omi septimana hre .j. garbam. ^ j; .£ 

q^cquid faciant . 7 singli debet .i. oru. De 
bent ecia portare 7 cnaciare 
R ic fil* Witii fabri tenet .j. acra 7 debet facere 
unu ferramtum uni' caruce. 

Hoc est manium de luffehale. 

Manium de luffehal' defedit se vsus rege p .ii. 

hydis 7 est lib'um 7 quieJu sicut sandon. 

In dnico sut .Lij. acre t're arabil" 7 in prato 

.iiij. acre. 
Gilib' fir osb'ti .j. acram 7 dim cu aliis .viij. 

acris 7 dim p .iiij. sol'. 
Dionisia fil' muriel .j. acra 7 difn p .^-i.d. ead' 

difn acra p (.vi.d.) ^ ioh' de sco laur. 
Agnes relicta Ailwini .v. acras p .ii. soV. 


de tra opat 7 p .ij. gallinis 7 .xv. ovis 7 [LvrrENHALi:.] 

secjr .ij. pcc^rias. 
Rog fil' AiUviui dim virg p .iii. sol'. 
J oil" fir O^b'ti .iij. ccras p .sv.d. 
WiHs fil" "Warini de Walkern .iij. ac^'s p .xviij.d. 
It ide .j. acra de p'^to p .xij.d, iure heditar. 
Rug fil" Wlfredi .iij. ac'^s p .x.d. p J. de sco laur. 
Quatuor acre q^'ndam Galfr ppositi n s't in dnico. 
Job's fil'" osb"ri .j. acra q'^ndam haliday. It' .ij. ac'^s 

de dnico p .xij.a. p J. de sco laur. 
S ccva relicta "Wit:: .j. acram 7 dim p .ix.d. 

7 seqr .ij. precarias. 
AViits fir Rog" .vi. acras p .ij. sob. 7 seqr .ij. pcarias. 
Lucas .rij. acras p .ij. sob. 7 .ij. precar. 
Gilib' fil. Ailwini .j. acra p .vi.d. 
Tres acre q^nda Wifii fib Sigari s't in dnico. 
Witts fib agnetis .j. acra 7 dim p .viij.d. 

Isti tenent de hida assisa p odonem. 
Rog' fib Wluredi dim virg de t'ra opar p .iij. 
sub. p decanu 7 p captm p finem fcm cu 
ipsis tepore inquisitonis. 

A lured' fib Rogi .s. acras . opar p .ii. sob. 
Alexandr fiV Wluredi .x. ac'^s opar p .ij. sob. 
Osbt' fib muriel .x. acras. It" .v. acras quoda 
Rob" fib sueni p .iiij. sob 7 dat .ij. gallinas 

7 .XV. ova. 7 seqr duas pcarias. 
Job' fib" Osb'ti dim. virg opar. p .iiij. sob*. 

Rog-" fir Ailwini .v. ac"'s p .liij.d. quar tres 

sunt oparie 7 una de dnico. 
Iste tre debet opacones cum opariis de san 

don exceptu averagio. 

Isti tenent de purpresturis de Sandune. 
Matilb fib Ailbve .j. mesag p .iiij.d. 
Witts fib lievere .j. curtillag p .j.d. 
Witts novus bo .j. curtillag p .iij.d. 
Maurici" fil" Baldewini .j. curtillag p .j.d. 



Inquisico fca iu manio de ardet. theobaldo 
archid' essexsie existete firraario. 


Nomina jurato^. 
Galrrid^ mariot. 
Sin; 6 cuntreweg 
Rob' fil' fuicoiiis 
Ang-'us fil' osb'ti. 
G odefr fil' alani 
^^'ii:s bedellus. 
Rob' fir* Jeronimi 
Hug' bruning 


h" est vedcni jurato^. 

Isti dicunt qd' mahi 
um istud defendit 
se vsus regc p .a'. hidis 
pt diiicum .7 est libe 
ru 7 quietum ab omi 
secta comitatu' ? hundre 
di . et. aliox q sp^tant ad 
dnm rege in capite 7 suos 
baillivos . Id' dicut 
q'd sunt . in dhico de tTa 

arabili .cccc.lx. 7 .xii. acre p qnies vigiti 
7 .Tiij. acre prati . pastura nulla n' in boscis. 
It in parco circa curia .Ix. acre cu .viij. ac"'s 
de t'"ra tenecium quas escabiavit p totide 
de dnico . 7 cum .viij. acris de dnico . 7 in 
bosco forinseco n vestito .xl. acre . 7 in alio 
bosco incluso vestito de Rifflei 7 virgis .x. 
acre . 7 grossiori robore . pot Wainagiu f'i 
cum .iij. carucis .viij. capitu ci3 cusuetu 
dinib5 villate . possut ee ibi in stauro .vi. 
vacce cu uno tauro . 7 .cc. oves .7 Ix. porci. 
It in dnico est unu molendiii ad ventu q'^d 
pot poni ad firma p .xx. sol", 'p'i cust-amtu 
annuu q'"-*d requirit q^d fecit Ric de stapel 
ford . 7 dedit Rad' fil' Witti . dimid' acra in 
escambiu de dnico p situ loci ejusde mo 
lend'. It'* dicut q'^d eiridatum est maniu 
in t'ris marlatis 7 molendino novo 7 do 
mib5 cdstructis p Ric de stapelford ad 
surama .v. marcar .set iiemora pejora 
ta sut tepore ejusde 7 tepore pacis ad sum 
ma .xl. sol', tepore au theobaldi archid' essex 
emdatu est maniu ad summa .vi. marcaz. 


Isti teneut de dominico. [Erdelkia.] 

Rad' fir Willi --- .iij. acras p .xii.d. 

Rog' fil' ailwini .vi. acras p .ij. sol'. 

Galfr fil' ioh' de cruce .vij. acras p .ij. sol". ^ .iiij. 

d'. It .riij. acras p .xxxii.d. 
Odo fir Witli .viij. acras p .xxxii.d. 
Witt fir Godwin! .iij. acras p .sii.d. 
Q'^'tuor acre qu^s tenuit Ric nou^ ho st i dnico sup"'. 
Michael fil' ade .j. acra p .ij.d. quas Nichol' 

canonic^ dedit ei in augmtum. It' .j. roda 

p .v.d. p R. de stapelford. 
Wift abel dim acra p .ij.d. cii filia blidewini. 
Ric stokkere .j. acra ^i dim p .vi.d. 
Godulfus de bruera .xij. acras p .iiij. sol'. 

p Rad' de diceto decanu . Ide .ij. acras p 

.xij.d. p R. de stapelford ? .ij. caponis 
Hug bercari' dim virg p .v. sol'. 1 .ij. gullinis 

i/.c 7 -XTi ovi*. 
Ric de bruera .vij. acras ? dim p .ij.s. vi.d. 
Rad' fil' Witt de crauine .v. acras p .ij. sol'. 
Margar relicta Willi fab^ .iij. rodas p .vi.d. 
S erlo fir Rob'ti .j. acra p .vi.d. quonda Wi 

nemeri p R. de Stapelford. 

Isti tenent ad censum. 
Walt's de mora cu nepte 7 h'ede hamonis 
dim hida p qua soh aquietare maiiiu 
de secta sire 7 hudredi q""n mahiu ill'd deb'at. 
It' dim virgata p .ij. sol', .vi.d. q fuit Rob'ti 
fraceis qua pdecessores sui habuert p ma 
gistru Albericu. It" .j. virgata p .iij. sol. 
p clamore de t'ra de Wlpet unde ht carta 
capitti sn aliquo teste. It .j. acra de vile 
nagio p .vi.d. p Xichol' Archid' hunted'. 
Ide .j. acra 1 dim p .iij.d. p magrm here 
vicu m° reddit p orr.ib3 istis t'ris % aliis 
infra .xiiij. sol' 7 .xi.d. 


S imu cultreweg .j. virg 7 difn p .vii. sol". "? debet 
arare in qualib, saisione .ij. acras sic pat suus 
juravit. set ipe Tiegat. Id" .j. acra p .ij.d p ma 
gistr Lug de lond". Id" .ix. acras ce essarto p 
.sxiiij.d. qua? .viij. Luit pat suus p tolle 
rancia archid' . "? iste sini .j. acra p S, de clai 
p .iiij.d. 1 .ij. acras p .xij.d. 

Galfr mariot .xvi, acras p .iij. sol', p omi ser 

vicio p carta capli. Id" .j. acra ? .j. mesag p .xii.d. 

Rob' fil' fulcon diiii virg p .ij. sol'. J .,vi.d. p 
omi service 7 .iiij. acras ? dim de essar 
to p .xviij.d. 

Godeff fil' Alani .j. virg p .v. sol". 7 deb=? arare q'^li 
bet saisione .ij. acras. Id', .iij. ac'^s 7 dim p .xvi.d. 

Galfr fir Odon .j. mesag' p .vi.d. 7 .vi. ac"'s de 
assarto vet'i 7 novo p .ij. sol*. 7 .ij. ac""s .j. roda 
min' p .vij.d. p quieti clamacia dim virg 
q'^m tenuit ad censu . m" tradita est alii ad 
opatoem. It .j. mesag de essarto novo p .R. 
de stapelford p .ij.d. 7 .j. capone . 7 p escambio 
t're cuiusda incluse in parco. 

Isti tenent de essarto veteri. 

Jotis cu nepte "^Mimardi tenet dim virg p 
.iij. sol. Id' .iiij. acras 7 .j. roda de essarto p .xvii. 
d. 7 debet arare .iij. acras p annu .7 semel 
falcare 7 levare fenu . bis met'e in autup 
no ad pane 7 cervisia. In nathali .ij. galli 
nas. In pascha .xv. ova. Id" tenet .j. rodam 
p .iij.d. p . R. de Stapleford, Id' .iij. rodas p .iij.d. 

Galfr mariot .vi. acras quas emit de fcede er 
noldi p .xxv.d. 7 debet bis met'e in autup 
no 7 .j. gallina . 7 .vi. ova . falcare 7 fenu le 
vare. It .iij. acras de novo essarto p .ij. sol. 
p R. de Stapelford. Ii par\"a placia p .j. capone. 

Mariota .iij. acras p .xii.d. p . Xichot . Archid'*. 

Galfr tropinel .vi. acras 7 dim p .xxvj.d. 


p id' servic . It .j. acram 1 .j. rodam p .xx.d. It [Erdeleia.] 

.iij. acras p .xii.d. p cartam capti. 
Hug' bedellus .iiij. acras J dim p .xviij.d. 

? p id' servicium, 
Anger^ .xi. acras "? .j. rodam p .iij. sol' ? .vii.d. 

p prem suu qui emit ea de h'ede pagani car 

peiitarii p id' serviciu. 
Jofe fil* ^ViSi .ix. acras p .iij. sol*, p id' serviciu. 

Id' dimid roda p .ij.d. 
Wis fir Baldevrini .ij. acras p .viij.d p id' s'vic'. 
Wilis Bedellus .vi, acras 7 .j. rodam p .xxv.d. p id' 

servic' . q'Uda Rad cui no attinet p S. de clay. 
Job' fir lieb'ti .j. acram p .iiij.d. It puu aug 

mentu p .iiij.d. 
Rob' fir eadmdi .j. acra p .iiij.d. It puum aug 

metum p .j.d. 
Rog" fil' Rob' .iij. acras p .xii.d. 
Godulf' .V. acras p .xx.d. q'^ndam Rob'ti 

.xx.d. & p' 
Witts tropir.el .v. acras p .^ omi servic'. It' dim 

rodam p .ij.d. 
WiSs fil' Wiiti .iiij. acras p .xvi.d. 
Kueneva ? Edelina filie Gilib"ti .iiij. ac'^s p .xvi.d. 
Rob' fil' Ric' Koterel .viij. acras p .xxxij.d. 7 

debet metere *? pcarias facere. 
J oh' fil' Wiiti Stiuur .iiij. acras p .xvi.d. 
Cristina relicta Willi fil' Edwardi .vij. acras 

p .xxviij.d. 
Turstanus fil' Semeri iiij. acras p .xvi.d. 
Walt's carpentari^ .iij. acras J .i. roda p .xiij. 

d. quas emit de Ric' le Cupe. 
Gilib't faber .j. acra 7 .i. rodam p .v.d. It' 

.ij. acras f dim p ."v^. .x.d. 
Isabella relicta ioh'is fil' Ranulfi .ij. acras 7 .j. 

roda p .ix.d. It .ij. acras p .viij.d. 
Rad' fil' Will de crauine una placia juxta 

parcu p .iij. caponib;. 

KCCLtSI.t S. IWLLl LONDIX. A.D. 1222. 25 

Galff de fonte .j, acra ? cliiri p .vi.d. [H:rdeli:ia.] 

Ric de ponte dimid* acra p .ij.d. 

Rob" fil" Rog'i fil irjcatoris .j. acra ? dim p .vi.d. 

It" puum augnitu p .j.d. 

Anger^ fil' Osb'ti .ij. acras p .viij S. de empto pde 

cessoris Geve q illas emit cui' £lia ht . It ortu p .ob. 
Wimmer^ fil' pet' .ij. ac'^s p .viij.d . It dim acra p .iiij.d. 
Rob' Gereliiii cu filia Juliane .ij ac"'s p .viij.d. 
Juliana fil" Ailvi-ini .ij. ac''b< p .viij.d. ? puum 

incremtum p .iij.'ob". 
Walt's de 1^ iriore .iij. ac" s p .xij.d. q'^'nda Galfr 

plurnbarii cui fi atrinet p rsicli' Archid'. 
Wilts fil* Godwiiii .j. acra ? dim p .vi.d. 
Hug" fil" Hug" brunild .j. quart p .x viij.d. 7 

.viij. acras p .xxxii.d. It .ij. acras p .viii.d. 

p caplm . It .i. acram ? .j. roda 7 dimid' p 

.xii.d. p Ric de stapelford. 
Ric fir hug' .vi, acras 7 dim p .iij. sol'. 
Osb'tus fil' Walt'i .v. acras p .x.x.d. It dim acra 

p .viij.d. p Rit de stapelford. 
Simo cult'weg .ij. ac'^s p .viij.d. ad que revse St . 

IMeniorand' . juratores debet d^^feet de hoc pleni' 

inquirere . 7 certificare caplo. 
Job's cu matilde fil" hug" de la more .iij. ac'^s 7 

diixi p .xiiij.d. It .ij. ac^'s . 7 .j. roda p .xviij.d. 
Walt"s de mora .xiiij. ac^'s p .iiij. sol". 7 .viij.d. 

q"ndam elvine cui 5 attinet cui' ingress'^ ignoraf. 
Hilderaar' fil" theodorici .j. quart p .xviij.d. 7 .iij. 

acras 7 dim p .xiiij.d. It .j. acrani p .iiij.d. 
Walt's de mora diiii virg' p .ij, sol". 7 .vi.d. q' earn 

disrationavit cotra Osb'tum in comitatu. 
Wi march .iij. acras 7 dim p .xiiij.d. 7 .iij. rodas 

p .viij.d. p Ric de stapelford. 
Rob' carpent' .i. acra 7 dim p .vij.d p eund'. 
Anger' fir Rob" .j. mesag p .ij.d. p R. 7 T. f'marios. 
R ad' dudde .j. i^iesag' p .ij.d. p Ric de Stapelf''. 



Ric karectari' .j. mesag p .ij.d. p eund'. [Erdlleia.] 

Lucas fir psone .j. curtillag p .vi.d. p eund'. 
Gilib' psbr .j. mesag p .ij.d. p eand". 
Alditha tropinel .j. platea p .ij.d. p eund'". 
Godefr de tokintoii .::, acras 7 dim p .xi.d. 

'^ ob". p J. de hospitali p carta capli. It dim 

acra p .iii.Q. 7 ob'". p R. de stapelford. It .iij. ac" s 

7 dim q°ndam Wiriemeri casun p .xiiij.d. 
Agnes "Writele .j. acram p .iiij.d. 
Margareta textri.^ .j. acram p .iiij.d. 
"Wiws fil* Godefr de frmte .j. rodam p .i.d. 
Walt's de mora dim acra p .ij.d. p J. de hospita 

li 7 .j. ortum p .j.d. It dim acra c5tra essartu 

Galfridi mariot p .'"^j.d. 
Rob" king .j. rodam p .i.d. 
Geva relicta Willi tikenorn. 

Isti sunt ad operaionem. 
Galfr fil" hamonis tenet dim virg . 7 debet de 

wdeselver .viij.d. 7 de maltselv" .iij.d. 7 aru 

ram .ix. acraru p annu .7 hciare .iij. acras 

si seminet^ ad hciandu in hyeme . 7 ad pea 

rias carucar arabit .j. rodam scit qrta pte 

acre sine cibo .7 cue rode sic arate coputabuf 

integre vir^ate p .j. ope . ad pascha .xv. ova 

7 portare sumagiij .ix. suma^ Lond' . 7 cG 

putabit^ eis p .j. o^e .7 duas opacoes in ebom'^". 

exceptis festis .7 singul' ebdomad' in autup 

no .ij. pcarias. 
Wis abel cu filia Blithewini dim virg p id* serv'. 
Galfr fil" V\"iti de bruera p id. serv dirii virg. 
Wins bedellus fil" K.Z carpentar dim v*g p id" s'. 
Arnold' fil* netiti dini virg" p id' servic". 
Rob" fil" G'mani 7 Witrs niger difn virg" p ide 

serv 7 ptea inveniut in autiipno .ij. hoies 

ad pcarias pt dcm servic". 
Q" tuor acre de din^ vire o'^nda Rob* 7 Winemi 

L;CCLE>I.E :<. PALLl L(J.\D1X. A.D. l'2'22. 2't 

sut in diiico . ? .x. acras de ead' ht hug fil" Geve [.Ehdki.lia.] 

p carta capti ut dicit , It .v. ac'*"s de essarto ad p 

ficienda dim virg i^ qua reddit .iii. sol'. It 

.ij. acras p .viij.d. p S. de clay. It .j. acra ? 
.dim de grava p J. de hospitali p .vi.d. 
Geva mat hugo' .ij. ac'^s p .ij. sol', p R. de stapelf . 
Rob' bl' eadmudi dim virg p id" servic'. 
Hug' fir iolr dim virg p id' servic'. 
Rob' blund' dim virg p id" servic". 
Michael fil' Adam diir) virg p id' servic'. 
Ric fir turstani dim virg i^ id" servic". 
Ric" de pote ? hug brunild diiii virg p id' serv". 
Serlo fir Rob' dim virg p id" serv". 
Rog fil" rob' dim virg p id servic". 
Witts bedellus fil' Rad dim virg p id' serv'. 
Godard' dim virg p id' serv q"nda Odonis. 
Gilib' fil' Aluredi fabri dim virg p friimtis 

curie faciendis . "? debet arare .iij. acras ad 

unaqmq., seisione. Id tenet .j. quart p .xxvi.d. 

de Cranmere 

Rad' fil' Witt dim virg ejusde s"uicii p .iij. sol". 
p Rob' servietc Nichol" Archid". 

Isti sunt cotarii. 
Due acre q'^nda aihvini §t in d'nico ? una h't Geva. 
Witts fir Baldewini .iij. acras. 
Due acre q'nda Witti sut in manu Simonis 

cultreweg p N. f^mar . 7 una inclusa in parco. 
Adam bercari' .iij. acras q°ndara Aldive. 
Istri debet singlis dieb,; lune una opacoeni 

? portare 7 fugare porcos lond" . singti debet 

una gallina 7 .iij. ova . p .iij. acris 7 olib? 

coteria debet met'e diih acra p ope. 

Inquisito fca in manio de Beauchap Wiiio 
de hurnham existente firmario. 


Nomina ju^ hoc est vcdcm ju^ . [Beauchamp.] 

Ric de prewineshal' -sranium istud defcdit se 

Thorn archer. -J-'-s-vsus rege p .v. hidis S5 

Ric hV h"elrti. P^ih; vsus decauu 7 captm cu 

Witts brunus. op^ fu'it .est au lib'um 7 q'etu 

Ankitillus. ab onii secta comitat^ 7 bun 

Rob' fib" Wlfruni, dredi ? de similibi q sp'^tat 

Reginald' forestar'. in capite ad rege vt bailli 

Hen? de sco andr. vos suos. In dhico ta de \Va 

Stoiihardus. inagio vet'i q^'in de novo 

Edricus. essarto .DC. 7 .Lx.xvi. acre 

Atlielstanus. t"re arabiP 7 de praio .xviij. 

"Witts de Grenestede. acre 7 de pastura .viij. ac""s. 

7 in magno bosco bn A-estito quiquies .xx^'. ac*^'. 

7 in duab5 gravis dorile 7 langele .xvi. acre. 
It in dnico est unu molend' ad ventu q"d pot' 

pnni ad firmam p .i. marc deductis expesis . Di 

ci3t ecia q<^'d "Wainagiu pot' fieri cu .iiij. caru 

CIS .X. capitu in qualib'! 7 duob; h'ciatoril)'. 

possiit ibi ee in instauro .iiij. vacce 7 .c. oves. 
It juratores dicut q°d manium istud melio 

ratu . e . tpe Witti firmar in tris marlatis 7 

simibb; novis domib} ad suraa .xviij. bbs 

7 dicijt q<^d tre tradite ntil'r 7 ad comodum 

capti Lond' tradite sunt. 

Isti tenent de dominico. 

Ric de prewinesbab" .xxx. acras in escambiu .xxx. 

acraru q sunt in dnio de Wluinedoii . Id .j. 

mora .iij. acrar p .xiiij.d. Id" in nortbale 

.ij. acras de pastura p .viij.d, 
Sawalus textor .ij. ac""s p .xvi.d. scib' Stawineslod. 
GiUb' fir thorn dim virg p .iiij. sol'. Id' ,v. ac'^'s p 

.xvi.d. It una acra 7 dim p .vi.d. de for 

land 7 postqm tra sua fuit mesurata aug 

metat' est census ad .x.d. pt pmissa. 
Ric' fir rog .i. acram p .iiij.d. Id" pastura p .viij.d. 

ECCLESI.i: S. PAUL! LOXDIN. A.D. 1222. 21) 

Mahilia relicta Ric ruffi .j. acrarn p .liij.d. [BEAucnAMr.] 

^"S it^s fil'" Ric .V. acras in Steringe p .xiij.d. Id" .v. ac"'s 

in bradefeld p .xv.d. 7 o1r'. Ide .v. acras in ^^ Ime 

reslond p .xvi.d. 
Rob' nl" 'Wkuruni .j. acram p .lij.d. Id" .iij. rodas p 

.ij.d. ultimu 1,0 est de dnico. 
R oeisia relicta Reginaldi .v. acras 7 .iij. rodas p .xxiij. 

d. Id" q'^ndam pastnra p .v.d. 
J oil's pellijiari' .j. acram p .iiij.o. 
Rob* de westende dim acram in augintii t*re p . W. 

firmariu cu t"ra q^^ndam Lanib'ti. 
Ric fil" };el/ti .j. acrS 7 .iij. rodas de pastura p .vij.d. 
Rob" burneviit .ij. acras p .xij.d. 
Henr" dulc .j. croftam p .xii.d. 
^^ itts fil" absolon .xxv. acras p .v. sol". 7 .vi.d. quas 

tenuit Rand pposit^. Id .j. acram 7 .j. rodam p .v, 

d. Id h't ingressu p Basilia relicta Witii fil' Wluru 

7 p Gerard' q'ndam cxtraneu qui ea dux vidua. 
Gi];b' faber .v. acras p .xx.d. quas tenuit alanus 

fir algari . no reddit denar set facit ferra curie 

p illis 7 p .X. acris opariis. 
Relicta rad" 7 rob' living! .j. acra in augmtum 

tre q^s tenuerut Godwin^ 7 tbedric'. 
Rob' de langetoth .r. acras p .x\-i.d. 7 pastura p .vi.d. 
Gilib* le suir .j, acra in augmtum t're 7 opatur 

quociescunq., op^ fu'it in curia singui dieb' p ob' . 7 corediu. 
Henr fi? Rad' .j. acra in augmtum t're. 
Rob' fir Stonhard .ij. ac'^s in colecrofr 7 opatur. 
Witts brunus aspeheg scil' .iiij. ac^'s p .iiij.d. 7 

strata m p .vi.d. 
Rog fir Goldstoni .iiij. ac'^s p .xvi.d 7 , una pastu 

ram p .vi.d. 
Gilib' de toddesho .ij. acras p .viij.d. q'''s tenuit 

hereve' 7 una pastura p .vi.d. 
Rog'" fil Aluredi .j. acra 7 dim p .vij.d. 


Witts fir Rob* holeraad p .xij.d. 


Roesia relicta reirinuldi de bosco .j. roda p"'ti p .ij.d. [Beauchamk. 
Cecilia relicta alaiii clianterel .v. acras p .xx.d. 

quas tenuit liuS de bosco. 
Rob" fil' leufrici textoris .j. mesag p .iiij.d. 7 pa 

sturfi p .viij.d. q""in tenuit GiadeM'inus. 
Gladewin^ fil' ^^"Iwiniman .j. mesag p .vi.d. 
Philipp' .j. mesag p .ij.d. ob'. q'^d tenuit Godhuge. 
Job' de meandon dim acra sn svic'o 7 dubitaf. 
Wilis de runewell ,j. acra 7 .j. roda p"'ti p .xij.d. 
Maurici' egelini .iij. ac'*'s p .xii.d. q'"s tenuit Salomo. 
Hen? de sco andrea .ij. acrr.s p .x.d, 
Matitt relicta pbilippi lamb .ij. ac"'s p .viij.d. 
Witts de brenestede .iij. acras p .xij.d. q*^'ndam 

Rob' rufn cui n attinet p W. firmar 
Ric de pitewinesbaV .j. mesag p .vi.d, p W. firmar. 
Ric' fil' Rad' divitis .j. acra 7 dim p .viij.d. 
Tbom arcbari^ ,v. ac'^s p .xvij.d. quas tenuit 

Rob' Godbuge 7 fuit oparia. 
Alicia relicta ailwardi .j. mesag p .xij.d. 
Fulco de vallib; .ij. ac"'s de novo essarto p 
.viij.d. p .\lardQ decanii firmar. 

p' .xii.d'. 

Witts brun^ .iij. ac"'s de novo -^ p eund'. 
Witts carpentari^ .j. acra n .viij.d. p W. firmar 
Henr pictor .j. mesag p .vi.d. p Alard' decaii f'mar. 

Isti sunt libere tenentes. 
Ric de pitewinesbal' circit' .l. ac"'s p xiij. sol". Ide 

Garle 7 Bradefeld circif .xxs. ac'^s p .iiij. sol'. 
Id' Wlmeslond .xv. ac'^s p .iiij. sol'. Id' Edmeslond 

.XV. ac"'s p .iiij. soT. Id' edricbeslond .x. ac"'s p .ij. 

sol'. Id' .ij. ac'"s in balk p .ij.d. Id' Wlueuelond 

.j. virg 7 dim p .xij. sol". 
Job's de meandon .ij. virg p .xx. sol'. 
Ric fir Rogi dim virg p .iiij. sol'. qf*nda abelote 

cui no attinet p W. firmar. 
Tboin arkari" .iiij. virg p .xxviij. soP. 7 de 

bet facere sectami sire 7 bundredi. 


Rog' curtpeil .xv. acras p .iiij. sol". [Beaichamp.] 

"\"\ iits bruir .ij. virg 7 .v. acras p .sx. sol". "? .vii.d. 

P carta capii quas tenuit Hug "Wind. 
Basilia vidua tenet t'ciam ptem eiusde tre q de 

bet revti ad ipm Wiiim ea defucta sub s'vico 

.XX. sol'. 7 .vii. sol", sic carta ipsius testaf. 
Maurici^ e£relini dim virii qni tenuit Hue 

Wind p .iiij. sol'. 7 .i.d. cui' medietate Basilia 

disrationavit 7 tenuit 7 defedit vsus dnm 

tpe inquisitonis . Id" maurici^ alia dim virg 

q'^ndam hug p cenar set m° opatur. 
Rob" de langetote .x. acras p .xxxii.d. 
Witts fir Rob" .j. virg p .viij, soF. 
Gladewin^ fil" "Wlwini .x, acras p .xxxij.d. 7 .vij. 

acs 7 dim p .ij. sol". 7 metit .j. acra frumti 

in autupno ad cibu suu ppium. 
Liefric^ .vij. acs 7 dim p .ij. sol". 7 metit .j. acra 

code mo quo Gladewinus. 
Beat'x ancelini .j. virg p .viij. sol", p farmar. 
Cecilia relicta alani chant'el .vij, acs 7 dim p 

.XXV. d. ob. qs tenuit hug de bosco. 
Asketillus .j. virg . cui' medietas fuit oparia. 

medietas ad censu . ru^' reddit .viij. sol', p Ric 

ruffu . Id' .vi. acs p .xxviij.d. 
Witts fir absolon .v. acs p .xvi.d. 
Matitt relicta philippi de lamb .viij. acs 7 

dim p .ij. sol*. 7 metit .j. acra ut Gladewin^ p R. ruff*. 
Ric fir h'*eb"ti dim virg n .iiij. sol", p eund'. 
Ric canonic' .xxij. acs 7 dim p .^^. sol*. 
AVitts de runev,-eil .x. acras p .xxxij.d. q"s 

tenuer't Witts t'^'vers 7 Guhilda uxor Alwini. 
Gilib' le suir .v. ac'^s p .xvi.d. 
Ric morel .v. acs p .xxi.d. q^s W'itis lace. 
Cecilia relicta Gilib' carpetar .v. acs p .xx.d. 
Gilib' trippe .vij. acs 7 dim p .xviij.d. 7 

metet sicut Gladewinus. 


Ric fil' Wiiii raolendina? dim \irg p .iiij.s. .iij.rt. [Bealchamp."^ 

Rob' piver .v. acras p .xvi.d. 
Gilib' fir thorn .j. strata p .v.d. 

Rob' fil' "Wlurun difr, virg p .iiij. sol', p R. ruff. 
Wilis fil" lamb'ti .dim virg p .iiij. sot. 

0ms isti lib'e tenentes metut J arant ad p 
carias diii 7 ad cibum ei" sine forisfco. 

Isti tenent tras operarias. 
Rob' piver dim virgatam. 

Job' de "Wicbam dim virg q^m teiiuit stohard. 
H enr duk dim virg. 
Asketillus dim virg c"ndam rad' fil" Ailina 

ri q' damnit' fuit ppt morte hois. 
Wills fir Ric dini virg. 
Basilia fil" lamb"ti dim virg q^m tenuit 

Lamb'tus fil' Ailinari. 
Rob' fil' Wlurini dim virg. 
Samann' fil' Wlurini dim virg. 
Roesia relicta Reginald! dim virg. 
Abcia relicta lamb'ti dim virg. 
Ric fir Rob' dim virg. 
AYitts de runewell dim virg q fuit oparia 

m° reddet .vi. sol" .iiij.d. 
Will turnator fil" Rob' dim virg. 
Maurici' egelini dim virg p A. decaiui. 
Walt's travers dim virg q^'m huit Wilis tra 

vers p Witim firmar s; Witts travs q' ea 

adq'sivit esca?ta tpe Ric ruffi ea reddidit. 
Alicia relicta Witii de Waletun dim virg de 

ead' t'ra Wilri travers p .iiij. sol*. ? .iij.d. 
Istar trarum opar sirigte virgate debeiit 

.iij. opac in qualib; septim a festo sci mi 

cbaeV usq, ad vincta cu cremto inf'iori. 

7 sciend" q'd a festo sci michaet usq. ad 

Natbat debet arare .vi. acras ad cibii 

suu pp'um 7 una dimid' ad cibij diii. 

ECCLESI.t ^. J'AL LI LONDIN. A. P. 1222. 33 

a Nathal" usi-}, ad .xij. septim uh pa'cha . [BcArcHAMp.] 

debet ,iiij. opac . in ebdomada .7 una pcaria 
q dicitur hn ad cibum dni . ? ce quiet" ab ope. 
a pascha usq, ad . xij. seprim an fe.stu sci pet' ad 
vinci'a .iiij. opac in ebdom"'. Deinde usq, ad vl 
cula .iij. opac 7 .vi. acras de arura. Deinde usq, 
ad festum sci raichaei -viij. opac in ebdom"'. Si 
festum dieb} opariis supvenit q'eti St ab ope 
? avant quoties op' fu'it p ope diurno si p 
totu diem abest in avagio ex necessitate t p 
secntem nocte. Single virgate debet p annu 
de landgable .xv.d. 7 debent de Garelsed .iij. 
ffisuras quar .^-ii. faciunt msura de Colcestr. 
7 ea die q*'' portant erut quiete de opac 7 ad 
NathaV debent .iij. galiinas 7 gallu- Ad pas 
cha .xxs. ova . 7 .vi.d. de maltselv^ 7 erut 
quieti de .xii. opac 7 debet pannagiu 7 
quieti sut ab ope in ebdom"' pasch". Nathal'. Pent'. 
Liquisito fca in manio de "Wicha Ric de sta 
pelford existete firmar . hoc est vedcm iurato^. 
No'fa jurato^. -^ranium istud defC- 

Wifts forestarius ^-^ dit se vsus regc p 

Galfi fir petri trib; bidis .xxx'^^*. acris min'. 

Simo fir Willi 7 est lib'um 7 quietii ab 

Colemann' de strata. omi secta comitat^ 7 hu 

Ailmar^ fil' Aldredi. dredi 7 alios q spectant 

Wilis de fraxino. ad rege in capite vl suos 

baillivos. In dnico sunt .ccc. acre t're arabilis 
7 .v. acre prati . In parco clause st .c. acre de bos 
CO bii vestito . 7 extra parcij de bosco fori'seco 
circit' .LX, acre .7 possunt ce in stauro sexcies 
viglti ores 7 .iiij. vacce . Itc est in diiico unu 
molendin ad ventu q"d fecit Ric firmarius. 
7 pot' poni ad firma p .xviij. sol*, salvo 
custamto . Wainagiii curie pot" fieri cQ du 
ab; carucis .xvi. capitu cu cosuetudinib^ viilate 



Dicunt qf'd eiridatum est manium a tpe q° cepit [Wicham.] 

Ric ee firmari" in tris raarlatis . boscis . clausis . 

fossatis . 7 novis domib} ad suma .xx. mar 

ca; pt molendin q°d supius notatum est. 

Xemora eiusde ville peiorata st a tpe eiusd' 

ad summa .x. marcarum. 
Memorand' qd molendinu pdcm J dom^ 

curie costructe sut de bosco in eade villa. 
^. De dimidi' virg q'^'m tenet ecciia .viii.d. reddut^ 
°. Galfr fir Wiiii tenet dimidia virgata p .iii. sol'. 

Isti tenent ad operationem. 
Petr fir Lerewardi .j. virg tre 7 .iiij. acras 

p .iiij. sol'. 1 .i.d. 7 opabitur singiis .xv. 

dieb;, .iij. opatoes n> festum cotigit die op 

abili . ? arabit a festo sci michael' usq, ad 

Xathat .iij. acras . ? quelibet acra cupu 

tib'^'' p .iiij. opac . seminabit 7 hciabit 

7 a purificatoe usa, ad pascha q^libet 

mese una acra .7 p dimid' mcse si ita 

cotigerit dimid'* acra . 7 pt hac hciabit 

in .XL**, dena acram p uno ope . 7 ptea ve 

niet ad una pcariara hcia? sine cibo do 

mini . set hebit tres pugillatas avene 

ad equu suu . It W'arectabit dimid' acra 

an ad vincia . 7 erit quiet' ab opac sept an 

ad vincta . 7 vigilabit circa curia dni 

una nocte Nath . ad cibu dni . 7 lavabit 

7 tondebit oves . 7 dat una gallina ad 

Natfe. 7 .xsiiij. ova ad pascha . facit 

•xii. averagia firmar p annu . 7 p quolib=j ave 

rado quiet' erit ab una opac 7 dat p in 

tecra virgata .vi.d. de raaltselver. 
Hen? fir Wifti sigar .j. virg p .XLiiij.d. 7, 

facit pdcas opac . 7 .vi, averagia . 7 dat 

.XL. ova. 

AValt Aldredi dim virg p .viij.d. q'^iidii 

Alrici cui n attinet p Walkelinu f'mar. 

ECCLESI.ii 5>. PAl'LI LONDIX. A.D. 1222. 35 

? facit opac ? avagia sic p dim virg 7 dat [Wicham.] 

.XX. ova 
Rog de bosco dim virg . '7 .vi. acras q^'nda 
turstani cui no attinet p Ric firraar ppt 
pauptate tvrdis p .xx.d. 7 fac opac 7 ave 
ragia sic p cimid' virgata. 
Steph's fil' ailmari dim virg . 7 .i. acra p .ix. 
a. q'^'ndam Witti de Netherstrete cui no at 
tinet ^ Ric firraar 7 opatur ut sup"". 
Dimid' \*irgata q*^'ndara Wlgari q re<idit 
.viii.d. 7 orac supradcas fuit in manu 
firmarii tpe inquisitonis . medietas p 
modu tradita est Walt'o fil' Rad'. 
Colema fil" Aldredi dim virg p .viii.d. 
7 p id' serviciu . Id'* dim acra p .vi.d. 
7 .j. gallina 7 .j. ovo. 
Galfr fir pet' dim virg p .viij.d. 7 p p"dca opa. 
HePir heilok fiP Wifti heilok dim virg q^. 

p .viii.d. 7 p p'dca opa . Id' .iij. ac"'s p .ij. soccis. 
Ailmar^ fi.!'" Aildredi dim virg p .viij.d. 
7 p predca opa q'^ndam aihvini cui no 
attinet p Walkelinu firmar. 
Wins coc^ 7 Job's herde dim virg p .viij.d. 
7 p sup'*'dca opa q"ndam Ail\vini7 Rad' 
quib5 no attinet p Wittm firmar. 
Hug de holine 7 Rad' le herde dim virg 
p .viij.d. 7 p pdca opa q°ndam AilTvini 
Radulfi 7 Walti. 
Hug Godma 7 Rad' le herde diin virg 

p .viij.d. 7 p id' servic. 
Witts cticus dim virg p .viij.d. 7 p pdcas 
opac. cui' medietas q'^ndam Aldredi 7 
alt'a herewardi 7 Alurici quib} no 
attinet p Ric firmar. 
Simo fil" Witt dim virg q^ndam Rob'ti 
Akermani p .viiij.d. 7 p pdca opa .7 ei 


h attinet p '\Yiitnj firmar. [Wicham.] 

Witts de frasino .v. acras p .ix.d. 7 dat .j. 

ofallina . 1 .v. ova . 7 seq""r una jScaria . 7 

invenit .\. homine ad fenu. 
Matildis fiV Gerardi .ij. acras p .viii.d. 7 

metit duas ac'^s ad cibum dni . 7 dat .j. gal 

lina . 7 A], ova . 7 adjuvat ad fenu. 
Galfr fir Rad' pfntar .iij. acras p .xvij.d. 

7 metit ut psira' sup .7 .j. gallina . 7 .v, ova. 

Id' .j. acra p uno socco. 
Alicia 151' Rad* tesroris .iiij. acras p .xv.d. 

7 facit .ij. averai'ia 7 dat .j. gallina 7 .v. 

ova . 7 seer .j. pcariam. 
Witts forestari' .xv. acras p .sxxiiij.d. 7 

metit .ij. acras .7 invenit .ij. honiies ad 

duas mao'nas pcarias . 7 .ij. galiinas 

7 .ix. ova . Id' .iij. ac'^s p .vi.d. de tra Galfr fil* pet'. 
Aluric^ carpijtarius .ij. ac'^'s p .xii.d. 7 .i. gal 

lina .7 .t. ova . ? .j- homine ad pcarias. 
Witts de fraxino .vij. acras p .xiiij.d. 7 .j. 

gallina . 7 ,vi. ova . 7 .j. homine ad pear. 

Machilda serreue .i. acra t .. i 

. •' ... Iste due singu 

Alicia liubbe .j. acram.. ■■• 

lis dieb} lune faciunt .ij. opac . 7 dat .ij. gal 

linas p annu 7 .iiij. ova . 7 sequnf pear. 
In dnico st .vi. acre q'^'ndam alurici copu 

tate in dnico sup"". 
Isabella soror templai" .j. acra p .ij.d. 7 

facit id' serviciu q'd due predce. 
Rad' fir pet'- .j. mesag'' p .ij.d. . 7 .i. gallina 

7 .j. ovo. Albreda .j. mesag" p .i. socco .7 .i. gallia . 7 .ii. ovis. 
Roesia .j. mesag" p ide serviciu. 
Suma cu den de maltselv .xxxv. sol", .vij.d. 

Teneutes train de essarto assisam tempore 

Ric firmar. 
Rob" de bosco .xLviij. acras 7 dim p ,x. sol'. 





p cartara capitii. [Wicham.] 

Juliana vidua .iii. acras p .iij. sol'. 
Witts forestari^ .iiij. acras p .xsiij.d. 
Martinus .j. rodam p .iij. 2. 
Wkiir faber .j. roda p .ij.d. 
Beat>x vidua dim acra p .v.d. cj fabro. 
Sim de latye dim virg tre p .is. soF. .v.d. "^ 

Witts de fraxino .iiij. acras p . ij. sol'. _ ^ ^ 

Galfr .j. rodam p .vi.d. S -^ _ g .| 

Witts fir peti dim acra p .viij.d- § 1 I :=•"££ 

Maurici' 'r mcator dim acra p .xii.d. c 'Z ^ P B ^ 

Ric de bosco .v. acras p .iij. sol', .iiij.d. ^ ^^ 6f , , , a 'f: ^ 

Aluric^ .j. rodam p .iij.d. "^c C ^ ^ ~i ^ ^^'^ 'Z 


~ a 

C^ O O' 

Alicia relicta templar .iij. ac's .7 .j. mesag p . _ , , _ _ „ , ,^ _ 

.ii. soV. J .ij.d. 7 p' decessu ei' Walt's fiPRad'. ^ "^ ^ S T _• E E S IPrf; I 

G alfr le herde puu ortum p .j.a. .Z. "" '"• -- • c c o c £^ . o 

Rikelot .j.Todam p .iiij.d. '^ > -d ■^':_: 1 1: — .-c ^ .•§ " 

Roc: de bosco dim acra p .iij.d. ; ^ x ^ J t > := -.= "^i '5 -^ 

Ailric^ .j. acram p .ix.d. /- -^ c_.'X.::r-r ^ ^ ^J '^^ -c • 

Juliana de bosco -j. acra p .xii.d. ^ -p;':^ '> ^t/-- — ] ."^ "c ;_: c^-d 3 

Witts ciicus .iij. acras p .ii. sol'. :p ^"^^ ^r. ■= c^ . a ^ /; ■^' | 

Ailida relicta hamonis q^ndam ortu p .viij.d. ^ j^ ^ go -.^-^ %1 "J- :p ^ ^. jtj 

Reginald^ fil' Witti .vi. acras p .ij. sol'. %M : '^- :^ ^. '^ ?'^- i^: ^ ^ 

Henr sigar qcndam ortum p -j.d. t^ ^C f :f-- £ •'?, '^' i % j. -.i-.-^ 

Witts fir job' .iij. acras p .sij.d. g J. J= c- ^ c- £ .1_^ J ^Z 'S 

Suma .xLiii. sol'. 1. .iij.d. ^ ^'c ■'^- B ^-: -^ J5 i="^ " . « 

Suma surae toti^ reddit^ cQ .xviij. sol', de mole ^ .^ j '^^^ v. :^-^ g ^ :^,r 
dino .iiij. lib? .xri. sol'. 7 .x.d. .^ •'^. < .^^E -§ g .5 t/: 5 j^'- 

Et dicilt iuratores q'd tre iste utilr 7 ad como "^ eg t"^^ ^-'§^^ 2-^ 
du ecctie sci pauli tradite sunt. <^ c/:- c: •^•:h :^ o ^ 2 ^ « c 

Mernorand' q"d tota villata dei<et panagiu ^ J 't -^ J "^ "^ :!! -^ "-^ > | 

fodere tram ad linu . ? linu coUig'e 7 . i aq'" '§ ^^-^f £ ^5.^ -^ ^ ? '5 '•" ^ 
mitte rt extrahere .7 ad domij portare .7 nuces "-- P^ ^ ::Z ^ ?: ^ ""_ , , ,"7- 
collig'e p tres dies festos de singut domib, ' ' ^^^^j^^j^ ^.^ ^p 

singtos homies .1 ofns qui tenet tras opa 
rias debet falcare p"'tum si dris voluit .'^ . si 


falcent deb? quisq^ falcanciu hre pane 
*? dim ? unu caseij in comuni 7 multo {sic) 
tone bonum. Inquisitio facta in halemoto de 
Thorp '^Yitio de Burna existente firmario. 
Nomina jurato^ Hoc vedcm iurato^. 

Rad' fil' Steph'i -ii jranium de edulues 

And? fil' Steph'i -l-'J-nasse defendit se 

Job's fil" ciici p .xxvij. hidis cu duab' 

Rob" fil' sagari hidis 7 dimid de p'ben 

Henic" de hida da de sneting' sic olim 

Hamelin' palmari^ fuit ? est lib'in ? quietu 

"Witts de ia done ab oirii secta comitat' 

Aluric^ de la W'degate 1 hundredi 7 abox que 

sp<^tant ad regem i capite vt baillivos suos. 
In diiico sur apd torp circiter novies .xx^\ ac^ 
de t'ra arabili . 7 posrant ibid' ee in stauro 
.c. oves 7 .vi. vacce ex"" parcu . Wainnagiu 
pot' fieri ibid* cu una caruca .x. capitum 
cum cosuetudinibi eiusde villate. 
Dicut ecia isti q'd emendaco domox i curia 
7 parci clausi est ad ralecia .iij. marc 7 dim. 

Isti tenent de dominico. 
Hamudus 7 eilmar^ nepotes henr tenet .xv. 

acras p .xx.d 7 .ij. acras 7 dim p .iij. ob'. 

Id' una roda in escambiu t're sue p ria sua 

inclusa in parco. 
Joh's 7 ioh's .X. acras quonda Witti fil' Godive 

p .xii.d. 
I^Iabilia relicta Walti fabri .ij. acras p .ij.d. 

eade .vij. acras p .xvi.d. eade .viij ac"'s 

p ferrametis curie sustinedis. 
Godwinus fii' Witti .ij. acras p .ij.d. 
Hub'tus de Grava .v. acras p .v.d. 
Rad" fil" Steph'i situm uni' moledini p .ij. sol". 

apd Ian dim p Alardu decanu. 
Joh's forman .v. acras p .j. opatone q'^libet 

ECCLESI.-C S. PAULl LONDIN. A.D. 1222. 39 

sept 7 averat Lond' ad cibu diii . q"m dns • [Thorp.] 

jubet . 7 si p ebdomada abest quiet' erit 

ab una opac sin an opabit^. ? furC- cap 

tu in curia custodiet J iudicatu suspen 

det , ? sparget fenu ad cibum dni. 
Thom fil' emme .viii. acras de forland p 

.iii. opac singbis .xr, dieb} .7 p id' servic' 

qc'd ioh's forman p firmarios. 
Editha vidua rebcta turb'ri .v. acras de 

forland p id" servic' q'd ioh's . ead' -i. roda 

prati p uno n:iallardo . ead' tenet .viii. 

acras p .x^^.d. q^ndam liveve cui n atti 

net p Alardu decanij . ead' .xv. ac'^s p .xvi.d. 
Adreas fir steph'i .v. acras de forland p 

Alardu decanu q°ndam iob'is sac'dotis p id' s'vic'. 
Rad' fil' fulconis acra 7 dim p .iiij.d. 
Adr fil stepb'i .v. acras p .viii.d. de dono 

steph'i pris sui . qui illas huit p f'mar. 
Wilis fir hereward .viij. acres p .xij.d. 
Job's fil' Wiberni .iiij. acras p .iiij.d. 
Turb'tus fil' Godrici acra 7 dim q'^ndam 

alurici 7 briani p metedis .iiij. acris. 
Thorn ridel -xiij. acras p .ij. sob", p Alard' decan f''. 
S teph's fib' turb'ti .viij. ac^'s p> .xvi.d. 
Rob' fil' sagari .j. ctirtillag' p .j.d. 
Heremann' "Wrench .v. ac'^s p .x.d. Ide .iij. 

acras p .vi.d. 
Thorn de torp .v. acras q^ndam hug"' cotere 

p .ij.d. p Alardu decanu. 
Id' thorn fib* Godrici .v. acras qf'ndam briani 

in bancroft cui no attinet p .vi.d. p eund'. 
Id* .xii. acras p .xii.d. Id' tenet .v. acras p 
.xiiij.d. Id' .ij. acras p .ij.d. Id' tenet .viii, 

acras p .xii.d. Id' t'ram Erunch . scit .v. ac"'s 
p .xii.d. Idem .vi. acras p .vi.d. Id' .i. acra p .ij.d. 
Gervasi^ fib" hamelini .i. acra p .v.d. Id' .x. ac'^s p .x.d. 


Job' fir Wifti ctici dim acra p .ij.d. [Thokf.] 

Rad de lendimare .xij. acras p .xij.d. 

Rog' de stigel .v. acras p .v.d. 

Herevic' fil" Godemar .ij. ac'^s 7 dim p .ij.d. ob*. 

Rad" de ecciia cum filia estrilde .v. acras p .v.d. 

Hug spendlure .v. acras p .xvi.d. q^nda alueue. 

Alicia hemingi .j. mesagiu. 

Gunilda relicta thom pott'e .j. mesag. 

Hereuic^ fil' Wlurici .j. mesag' p .ij.d. 

"Witts briani .j. mesag'. 

Hug king .j. mesag'. Id' aliud mesag' q^nda ediue. 

Rob'' fil' bereuici .j. mesag. 

Isti .vij. predci faciut .iiij. opac semp in 

alio sabbato esceptis .iij. Sept. Natb'. pascb'. 

1 pentec . si sabb'm opabile cotingat in ill'. 

7 tondet agnos . 7 metut insimul .vi. ac"'s. 

7 levant fenij . 7 sarculat de quolibet 

mesagio unus b'o ter usq, ad t'ciam. 
Simo de sneting' .v. acras q^ndam Ailmari 

cui no attinet p .vi.d. p Ric' ruffu. 
Ric' fir Ailmari .iiij. acras p iiii.d. 
J'stina fiba Aug'tini psb'ri dim acra p .ij.d. 

qfndam iob'is p'sb'ri p Ric' ruffu. 

Isti tenent de essarto. 

And? fil" stepb'i .viij. acras p .viij.d. q^nda 

briani cui n attinet. Id' .xij. acras p .xij.d. 

qf>ndam job'is sac'dotis cui no attinet. 
Tboin fil' Godrici .xxij. acras p .xxij.d. c' 

medietas q^ndam stepb'i cui no attinet 

set bet earn p Ric' firmar. 
Stcpb's cu filia Godwini .j. acra p .ij.d. 
Heremann^ Wrencb .xviij. ac'^s p .x viij.d. 
Hermudus blijdus .j. rodam p .ij. gallinis 

xi .j.d. sic' firnaarius volu'it. 
Rad' fir steph'i .xvi. acras p .xvi.d. 
Ric' fil' Godwini .j. curtllag" p .i d. 


Emma fiV stepli'i .j. curti'Jag" p .i.d. [Thout.] 

Rad" fir stepli'i .XLiiij. ac"''"s p .v. sol*, p alard dccan. 

Isti sunt hydarii de torph. 
'^t^'iiis Gelcieford cu relicta Kic til" Aiueue tenet 

dimid' hidam p .x. sol", p oirii J-uico ab atiq^ sic dicfit. 
r Rad" de landune? nl' Ric .j. hidam. 
r Rad' fiP steph'i .xx. acras qOnda Bricliteve c' n attiu?. 
Godricus fil' edrlci .x. acras. 

Rog"s '? Briaims .xxx. ac'^'s q°nda Alueue ? edrici. 
Andr fil' steph'i diridd"' hidam. 
r Ric ^ Walt's 7 Rog's .xxx. acras. 
Hamudus blund' .xsx. acras. 
Emma .xv. acras q-'ndam Godwini cuk c' no 

attinet . tenet th de empto sic' dr. 

Ric fil' lieueue .xv. acras. 

Justina neptis ioh'is sac"dotis .v. ac'""s p alard" dec'. 
Hermann^ Wrench .r. acras. 
Rob" demon .vii. ac"s ? dim. 
Simo de sneting .v. ac'^'s q'^ndam Ailmari c'- no 

attinet . S3 emit p Ric ruffu. 
Turb'tus fil' Godrici .vii. ac'^s 7 dim. 
jpRog^'s Batz J Gerarddus .xxx. acras. 
Rob' fil' edive 7 Witis f? eius .xxx. ac'^'s. 
Gerard' Ailmar' 7 aimudus fil' martini .xx. ac'"s. 
Hug' fir Rob' .XX. acras. 
'^"^'iits de la dune .xx. acras q^nda Godrici. 
Rad' fir steph'i .xx:x. acras q'^nda ednotbi cui 

n attinet p Ric runu. 
Rob' sagari ? Rosanna relicta fi^is sui .xxx. ac'^'s. 
J oh' fil' Wiberni .xx. acras. 
Ric sarp cQ relicta Jussel .xv. ac"'s. 
Steph's de bancroft cu filia Godvrini .xxv. ac''s. 
r Rad' fil' aimimd .xx. ac'^s. 
Hug' de campo .x. ac'^s. 
•Saled^ cu fil" lefwardi .xxx. ac'^s. 
G ervasi' fil' hamelini .xl. ac""s. 

G ' • 


Rad" fir Ric .v. acras, ;;Thori'.] 

Emma relicta liPreuei til' edive .v. acras. 
Thorn fil' emme .v. acras. 
Hug' de campo fiP Ailmari .v. acras. 
riicreueus til" Godermanni .xlv. ac"s. 
TlioiTi fir emme .xv. ac^^s. 
Hemming fullo .xv. acras. 
Rad' de ecciia .xx. acras. 
Hug de campo .x. acras. 
Tliofn fir steph'i .xv. ac'^s q'ndam sailde. 
fGodwinus tl' Witii .xx. acras. 
Haraelin^ cu filia ade textoris .xx. ac'^'s. 
Hamo campe cu filia Willi koter .xx. ac"'s. 
Alaric^ fill' turkilH . 7 Rad" fil" fulcois .xxx. ac'"s. 
Hamelin" 7 Juliana .xxx. ac'^s q^'nda staburge. 
jTRic' Guldenheued difia liidam. 
Ric' fil'' Ailmari .xx. acras. 
Thorn fil' enmie .xx. acras, 
Hub'tus de Grava .x. ac^'s. 
Rob' Wlgor .X. ac"'s p Alard' decanu. 
jyEditha relicta turb'ti .x^-. ac'^s. 
Rad' fil' steph'i .xv. ac'^'s. 
"Wilis Geldeford .xv. ac'^s. cu herede Ric. 
Saledus cu relicta Ric .v. ac"'s. 
Mabilia relicta "Walt'i fabri .v. ac""s. 
H amelin' f Juliana .v. ac'"s q'^'nda stanburg. 
Job' fir "Witli ciici .xxx. acras. 
Sufria reddit" de torp .xlIx. sol'. 7 .ix.d. 
Quelibet istar hidar debet arare .viii. acras. 
.iiij. in hyeme ? .iiij m .xl". 7 simitr her 
ciare 7 seminare de semine dni . a pentec' 
quelib? dom' de hida debet ter sarctare . 7 
metere .iiij. acras .ij. de siligine 7 .ij. de or 
deo 7 avena .7 .j. carrij cu duob;, liominib' 
ad portandu duru blad' . 7 aliud ad por 
tandu raoUe blad' 7 . utruque plaustrum 


liCbit .j. garljam. Quelib? dom' de liida de [KiioaiBv.] 

bet rnetere .iii. dimid' acras. Quelib' dom^ 

de hida de]>et pstare .j. lH)mine usq.^ ad t'cia 

ad metendu si quid reinaserit , Quelib"? 

dom' de hida 7 de diiio assiso debet pstare va 

lenciore homine que ht ad pcarias 6m in 

autiipno ad cibum dni bis in die. Ofns v" 

homies 7 liide 7 dnii debet pstare carucas 

suas ad pcarias dni ad cibii drii 7 q'lib^ 

hida debet v'berare seme ad semiriadas 

.i:ij. acras p' festii sci micliael". OiT-.s hide iste 

debent v'berare tm seme q''d sufficiat ad 

totu dnium "uni' caruce in hieme 7 in .\l^\ 

7 qliln dom' toti' ville deb? gallina ad 

nathal' 7 ad pascha ova . Tste .x. liide debet 

reficere 7 refectas coservare istas domes 

in dnico . soil' Gragiam . boveria 7 l)ate 

riam. Quelib-? istar liidar deb? duas dod 

das avene in medio marcio . 7 ad mesci 

gam .xiiij. panes 7 quClib? copanasi'a. 

Quehbet hida deb? .v. sol", p annu . 7 q'lib? 

hida debet facere de bosco dni .ii:j. cleras ad 

faldam de virgis. 

Isti sunt hydarii de kirkebi. 
Lucia fiha edwine tenet .xxx. acras. 
Rob' fir lucie . 7 h'eward' fil Gunnore .xxx. 

acras q°ndam ailmari . It id' rob* .xv. ac'^s 

quondam Gunnore. 
Oger' fir Wib'm .xxx. acras q"ndam aldine 

cui n attinet set emit. 
Galfr' fil' Rad' .xv. acras. 
C Savar' herward .xx. acras q"nda Wluuardi 

cui no attinet set emit. 
Rob' fil' lucie .xx. acras. 
Job's fil' david .xv. acras. 
Hereward^ fil" eudonis .xl. acras. 


Id" .XV. acras c' ..dam allele. [Kikkebv 

Rob' cticus .V. cc-ras. 

Alicia herewardl .v. acras. 
fTHug til' erneburre .xlv. acras. 

Steph's fil" turb'ti .v. acras. 

Damian' 7 Rob" nlii Ji'ev.ardl .lnx. acras. 
,(r Steph's fil' turb'ti .xxx. acras q<^';ida Wizard! 
cui no attinet set enoit. 

Ediva relicta ailmari .xxx. acras. 

ThoiTi de la hatl.e .lx. acras. 
' Thjoirj de la ha: be .xv. acras. 

Edward' de la dale .xxx v. acras, 

Editha relicta Witti .xl. acras. 

]\ic ? Job's fil' Godvi-ini .xv. acras. 

Suenilda relicta Galff .xv. ac'^s q°nda Wigori. 
jf Job's psbr fil' Augustini .lx. acras invetas in 
manu sua tpe Rob' decani . h tn Ij'edltarle 
'"? eod' m^' dimissas ad vitam suam p eund'' ? ca 
pitlm salvo jure cuiuslib=?. 

Turstan^ fil" aila:ari .lx. acras. 
r Lucas de la bathe .xxx. acras. 

Rob' clicus .XXX. acras. 

Sim fil" ste])irs 7 Rub" avuncl' suus .lx. ac" s. 
ffOgerus fir steph'"i .xv. acras. 

Rob' savarus 7 thorn de slo .xlv. acras. 

Thorn fil" Ric .xxx. acras. 

Rob" ailinar' 7 alured' .xv. acras. 

Ailmar' fil' herevici .xv. acras. 
.(7 Adam fil' Rob'ti .x. acras . q'V.dam Ric fil" sawini 
cui n attinet p Alard' dec' . 7 V>'. firmar. 

Alicia relicta Gihb'ti .l. acras. 
F Tliom aug'tmi .xv. ac'^s q'nda Ric cui n attinet. 

Gerard' cuherde .xv. ac'"'s q"iida Gudirlie cui n attinet. 

Alicia relicta herewardi .xl. acras. 

Wi'ts savarus et Rob' fil" Dring .vu. ac'^s 7 dimid'. 
Job's fil'" Godv.-ini .xlH. ac'^s 7 dinv.d'. 

ECCLESI.E S, PAULI LONUIX. A.D. i_'2_'. -15 

Isti teneiit ad ciena^. [horlock.] 

Fulco fil" savarici .lx. acras p .x. sol'. 7 defcdit 

vsus regem cu aliis. 
Witts augustin' '7 daiiiiau' .l:-:x. acras de liariiig 

hida p .ix. sol". 7 .iiij.a. 
Rob' ciicus .xx. acras p .xxj;;'..d. 
Sabina vidua .xx. acras p .xxxii.d. 
Sicilia relicta savari .x. acras p .xvi.d. 
Hug' fil" erneburge .ij. acras p .iiij.d. 
Hereward' fil' eudonis .ij. ac' s p .iiij.d. 
Here\^-ard^ 7 Rob. fil' Gunorc; .iij. cc"'s p .iiii.u. 
Rob" fil" GunT'ore dim acrarn p .i.e. 

Isti sut hidarii de kirkebi "^ de hoiiock. 
Noia juralO^ Saled' Wir^s 7 hugo .lx. ac" s. 

Gerard' fil* Wib'iii. q'^ndam Galff 7 Witii coci. 

Sawgel' fii" estrilde. Ric 7 Alexandr fil" Reigni .xxx. ac'^s. 
Thoiri de la bathe. Alveva de marisco relicta 

Simo tr stepii'i. Aiex .xxx. ac'^s qf'nda Walt'i. 

Oger^ fil* Wib'rii. Thorn de marisco .xxxvii. ac'^'s. 

Witls fil" Galfr. 7 dimid'' q'^nda alvithe. 

Rob' ciicus .xxxvii. acras 7 dim q^'ndam aluithe 

ad ^-ita suam q revtenf ad h'edes Ric fil' alueue, 
Rob' de torp 7 Alicia hamelini ,xlv. acras q"n 

dam ^"Miii del perer. 
Hug' fil'" ed\nni cu hrdib} Ric fil" herewardi 

•XL. acras. 
Thoin fil" Godrici .-. . acras. Id' ,xv, ac""s q'iida 

sevvgel quas emit de tirdib} eiusde. 
Sabiua filia Godwini .xlv. ac"'s. 
"\Mils Galfr .iiij. ac'^s 7 din: p servico bedcllerie. 
Ric 7 Alex fil" reisni .s. acras, 
Alueua relicta Alexandr .ij. ac'^ s. 
Sawgele .iij. ac""s . q'ridain Baldewini. 
r Edward' textor .xv. ac"^'s c'ndam savvsel. 
Ric fir rol/. milo fip joh'is 7 Alicia Godwin! .xv. ac^'s. 
Sauu2;eie .xv. acras. 


Edward' 7 sauugel .xv. acras. Id .ij. sexacras p .iiij, [Horlock.] 

d. extra hidara. 
Ric fil' sconi .xr. acras. 
Rob' fir xpiene .xx. acras. 
Cecilia relicta savari .xx. acras. 
r Lieueua de fraxino .xxs. acras. 
Sauugele fil' Estrilde .xxx. acras. 
Simo de spina .xv. ac""s q"ndam Alfilde. Idem .xv. 

acras quondam Rob'ti. 
Andr fil' Osb'ti .xv. acras. 

Matilda relicta Gerardi .xv. ac'^s q^nda theodulfi, 
TGuthild 7 Juliana .xxx. acras q^'ndam rob'ti ptiri. 
Eedem .xxx. ac"'s q'^ndam beat'cis. 
Beat'x ? Juliana .xxx. ac'*'s q^ndam samanni. 
Edwardus ? sauugel . Thorn J . elyas .xv. ac'^'s. 
Rob' fil' Gunnore .xv. acras. 
jf Alicia . Gunilda . J . Sabina filie Galfr .xxxvij. 
acras ? dimid'. 
Witts % Rob" Witt fil'* Wimarch .xxxvij. ac'"s ? dini. 
Witts . Saled" ? hugo .xv. acras. 
EadmiJdus de la done .xv. acras. 
Gerard^ venator .xv. acras. 
jT Thorn '7 Simo fil' h'ewardi .xxx. acras. 

Rad' fir lefiede .xx. acras . Id' .j. acram saxacra 

p .ij.d. extra hidam. 
Dionisia relicta Rad' ciici .xx. acras . Eadem .j. 

acram saxacra. 
Hamo fil' Eudonis .x. acras. 
Wib'nus fil* Walt'i .x. acras. 
Eadmund^ fil' Witti .x. acras. 
Cecilia relicta Andr .vii. ac"'s 7 dim. 
Rob' de fraxino .ij. acr'^s 7 dimid' . Id tenet .ij. 

sexacras p .iiij.d. extra hida. 
Gerard^ fil' Wib'ni .s. acras. 
Iste due hide ?t libe. 

Helias de viliers .ij. hidas p .xx. sol', de antiq'" 
heditate. Iste due sut Geldabiles ad auxiliu 


regis cu aliis hidis, [Horlock.] 

Picot fil' freb'ni dim liida p .viij, sol" .ix.d. 

Hec sunt consuetudTes dca^ hida^. 
Single hide debent arare .iij. acras 7 flagel 
lare seme de frumto 7 ventare ad horre 
um dni .? in campu portare . 7 semina 
re ? h'ciare q'^ntum sufBcit ad .ij. acras 
set DO fiagellabunt seme ad .iij. acram 
set seminabut 7 h'ciabunt . 7 debet ara 
re tres acras in .xl^. 7 seminare 7 h'ciare 
set no fiagellare seme . 7 falcare una acra 
p'^ti 7 levare 7 domij portare . 7 dns dabit 

eis duos multones meliores exceptis .iiij. 
7 ad sarciandum pstare ab unaq"'q, do 

mo .j. homine usq. ad t'ciara ad cibu 

suum pp'um .7 fiagellare .xxiiij. doddas 

scitt .xxvij. q'^rter de colocestr . una parte 

de frumto . alia partem de fab', t'ciam 

parte siliginis 7 crdei . quarta de arena. 

scitt duas insuras p una . 7 tondere oves 

7 hre Wambelokes . pterea debet hida 

portare .iiij sumas 7 dimid' p totum ab hor 

reo dhi usq, ad nave ter in anno divisim. 

7 dare dno de pp'a avena .ij. doddas q conti 

net .iiij. sumas frufhti de colcestre in fiise marcii 

7 dare .xiiij. panes cu companagio porta 

toribi bladi . 7 metere in autupno .iij, 

acras .j. frumti . aliam order . t'ciam oro 

avene . 7 pter hec unaqueq, domus hide de 

bet metere .iij. dimid" acras avene . 7 colli 

gere unii sellione fabar . 7 deb} hida ive 
nire in autupno .iij. carros . scil trib^ vicib" 
unu ad frumtii . ahD ad fabas 7 alt'ius 
modi bladi . 7 qualib^j vice cariabit duo 
plaustrata . 7 dns inveniet .j. homine ad 
levadas garbas . 7 debet iiivenire de siguF 


doinib} .j. homine ad iVnia p''cariam .ad scda [Hoklock. 

duos . utruq., ad cibum dni . "r de siiigtis do 

milr, ad Nathal' .j. gallina . 1 ad pascha 

ova ad honorem dni . Quelib? ecia liida 

debet portare clausura de parco . 7 claud'e 

.vi. pcatas circa curia de Waleton . 7 lire 

sepem vetem .7 deb? quelibr hida dare ad 

censu .vi. sol', ad .iiij. tminos . scii in capi 

te jejunii . in rogatonib; . in festo sci jaco 

bi . in festo sci mich'. It de maireno diii q'd 

cindent 7 pabunt . 7 carialjut ap:^ torp 

innovabitur granariu apd' Wa.etufi . 7 

habebut vet' ut dicunt. Ofns hide debent 

predcas cosuetudines . 7 censu predcm. Itc 

debet facere bovaria ad suii cibu pp'um sn 

culacio 7 dns faciet culaciu. It singta ^ 

hida comodabit semel in .sl^. .j. equu usq^ 

ad horam tciam ad h'ciandum ad sua cibij pp'um. 

Nomina jurato^ a]5d Waleton 
Job's blench b" est v'edcm jurato^. 

Otuelis Isti dicut qd" in dnico sunt 

Eudo peg'nus. sexcente acre p sexcies vigl 

Brunmann^ ti 7 pot" fieri WainagiD cum 

Sawgel burgeis trib, carucis .x. capitum scit 

Walt'us de stroda in qualib? .viii. boves .7 .ij. 

equi cu cosuetudinibj villate . 7 in grava 

de Waletun sut circit' .xxx. acre de bosco bn 

vestito . pastura est ibi in marisco . 7 in tra 

susenna ad quadringetas eves cu suis 

fetibi . est ibi pastura bourn circiter .xx. 

acre . 7 possiJt ibi ee .vi. vacce . 7 de prato 

circit .X. acre . edificia curie sQt in statu 

satis bono sicut ea recepit . 7 meliorata 

ad summa .iiij- marcar. molendinu est 

ibi in dnico . posset poni ad firmam p 

vi::inti solidis. 

ECCLESl.E S. I'AULl LONDIX. A.D. J222. 45) 

Isti tenent de dominico. [WALtioNc.j 

Thorn pb'r J. thorn fil' eudonis .x. acras. 

Una acra q<^'nclam eadnifidi fah' e^t in diiico. 

Thorn . 7 . eadmund'. Simo .vi. acras q^'nda ^^ Hi 
coci cui no attinet p .xij.G. n "W. firmar q^'n 
da reddidit .ij. sol', s; pp Wastu maris decidit reddif. 

Alicia relicta iordani kebbel .ij. acras p .iiij.d. 

Henv sipma .ij. ac'^'s p .xij.d. p Alard* dec. 

Isti tenent sexacras. T: 

Edmund' bruman .ij. acras p .iiij.d. i 

Gunnilda vidua .ij. acras p .i:ij.d. 
"\^ alt tubbing .j. acra p .ij-d. 
Job's blench .j. acram p .ij.£. 
Tlioih pb'r 7 thorn fil" eudoiiis .ij. ac'^'s p .iiij.d. 

Isti tenent Lodlond. 
Eudo peg'nus .xv. acras p'-iij- sol". :p ^V. firmar. 
Dionisia relicta Rad" cl'ici .xlv. acras p .ix. 

sol'. 7 . de sexlond .ij.d. ' 

Isti tenent tain ad eensu q"~m ad opationeni. 
Alicia relicta Jordani kebbel .xx. acras p .iiij. 

sol'. 7 viij.ct. 7 seqr j5carias . tra ista fuiL opa 

ria usq.^ ad tps hug de runeweli servien 

tis Ric arch' qui p'mo posuit ea ad deiiar. 
Richold relicta eudonis . 7 Rand' .j. mesag p 

.iiij.d. q^ndam saeve. 
Salerna relicta Rob' .j. mesag p .ij.d. 7 ad iu 

vat ad fenum. 
Brunma sawgel 7 edward' .j. mesag . p .vij.d. 
Tbedilda 7 machtilda .j. mesag p .iiij.d. 
RiC crisp^ .j. mesag q^'ndarn alicie p .iiij.d. 7 

adiuvat ad fenum. 
Walt fil" sewgel .ij. mesag p .iiij.d. 
Gerard' de stroda .j. mesag q"^'nda oiavi n .viij.d. 
Job" blench .j. mesag 7 metit .iij. dimid" ac"'s 

in autupno . 7 adjuvat ad fenu . 7 dat .j. gallinj. 
Eudo peg'nus .ij. ac" s 7 dimid' p .vi.d. q"ndain 



savari colicf cui n attinet p W. firmar. [Waletone.] 

Rand' texlor .ij. acras 7 dim p .x.d. p eunde 

firmar de tra eiusde. Operarii. 
Eadmund' bruman tener .x. acras. 
Eudo pec;riri' .x. acras q''ndam tovi cui fi atti 
net S;_p frcm suu qui illas huit de Ric ruffo. 
Henr sipman .v. ac'^'s eiusde tovi cui n attini 

S3 p prem suu qui illas huit de eod" Ric', 
It eudo peg'nus .v. acras qf'ndam saburge cui 

h attinet set emit de lierede. 
1 d .V, ac""s q"ndam Alabasti cui n attinet set 
emit eod* m". Id" .x. acras q'ndam edvi-ini prat 
eod' modo adquisitas. 
Hug. Rob'. Edwin^. TN'alr' filii david .v. ac"'s. 
Gilib'tus 7 ioh's .x. acras q°ndam annilde. 
Ric crisp' .v. acras q'^'ndam baldewini. 
Walt' tubbing ? Alicia vidua .v. ac"'s p Rit ruff". 
Gunnilda relicta Edwardi blanch .xv. acras. 
Sawgele burgensis 7 Lug .x. acras .7 t'ciam 

partem .v. acrarum. 
Alicia vidua .vij. acras q*^'ndam sawgeL 
Muriel relicta ogeri 7 . "VS'alt tubbig .x, acras. 
Sawgel parvus .v. acras. 

Alditha cu .iiij. sororib; filiab;, "Willi scarlet .x. ac^'s. 
Alicia relicta Rob'ti fil" Witti .vi. ac'^s 7 .i. rodam. 
Gocelinus bunde .vi. ac'^s 7 .i. rodam. 
Jordan^ cum relicta Joh'is Wlmari .x. acras q'"r 

quiq, fuerunt sedefled. 
Alicia jordani .x. acras q'^'ndam Sawgel cui n 

attinet . set emit. 
Airrilda vidua .A-i, acras 7 .i. rodam. 
Muriel relicta .xpTani .vi. ac''s 7 .i. rodam. 
Raiid' 7 Richold .xx. acras. 
"\^'alt's 7 Turstan' .xv. acras. 
Eadmund' 7 hugo .xv. ac'^s. 
Turstan' 7 Alicia .x. acras. 

ECCLESI.E S. PAl'LI LOXDIX. A.D. 1222. 51 

Rand" hV Aldredi .v. acras. 
Wall' de srroda ni" lieueue .v. ac"'s. 
Gunilda . basilla . Machtilda hi" Aiiiilde .x. ac" s, 
Lidulf' £;•' BrichLV,-enne .xxi. acra 7 .i. roda. 
Henr sipman hi' Ric .x. acras. 
Otuel" 7 edward' .x. ac'^'s 7 t'cia p'te .v. acrar. 
Hug tetilda . ed^inus . Rob" ? Walt's .xv. 

acras q<^'ndam Alditlie. 
Walt's J eadmund' .v. acras. 
ms isti tam ovarii q"'m censarii debet de 

paslura .v. o^Tum in estate dare .\.S. 1: in 

hieme p .x. j.d. "7 de singul" animalib; 

.iij. ob' p annu si ad pastura dni vene 

rlt . simitr de equis ? de singal' porcis .j. 

d. p Garsavese .7 isti debent bre stip'lam 

frufriti p' festum sci martini . 7 avene 

p' festu sc7 micbael* sine pcio, Oiris ecia 

qui tenet .r. acras debet .j. o:pac singul' 

sept p annu. exceptis festis dieb} NathaV 

pascba 7 pentec . 7 in istis dual^j sept' scit 

Xatbal' 7 pascb' comodat .ij. homines 

ad aliq'd faciend' .7 oms alii similr opa 

buntu^ sive plus teneant . sive min^ p rato 

ne .V. acras. Debet ecia arare .j. acra in 

hieme 7 aha in estate . quadragia p't' 

opatoes ebdomodarias .7 h"ciare sil'r .7 p't'ea 

qui eq°s hnt comodat illos dno . una die 

ad h'ciandu .7 una pcariam ad sarciato 

neni in ebdomada pentec sn cibo . 7 in 

autupno p sing-'ias domos debet met'e 

.iij. diinias ac'"s p"t' opac predcas . 7 collig''e 

.j. seliione fabar . 7 ad Xathal' .j. gallina 

7 ad pascha ova ad libitu tenetium . 7 ad 

honore dni. Oms isti debet com.munit qd 

festii sci michael' .v.d. de censu . 7 debet ton 

dere agnos dni . 7 recipe ab eo .iiij. denar 



? pt liec .ij, pcarias in autupno ad cibum 

dhi q^runi p'ma sine c'visia . 7 totam ista 

t'ram defendant p duab, liidis 7 dimid' de iniquis 7 injustis 

exaccionibui. De t'ris Akermaiino^. 
Terre akermano?: quas dns pot' capere in 

manu sua cu vult sn injuriis heredita 

rie successionis. 
liand" textor .v. acras 
Sagarus sipman .v. acras 
Ailmar' fir* herevici .t. ac'^s 
Joh"s fncator .v. acras 
Alicia relicta jordani .v. ac"'s 
AValt's 7 eadmund' fres .v. ac'^'s. 

Inquisito fca in maiiio de tidwoldintufi 

Ranulfo de Bisanc existente firmario. 
Nomina jurato^ 
Lefchild de marisco. 

Walterus de mora. 
Rogerus sprot. 
Wilis de fonte. 
Edraiidus de marisco. 
Vnguin' de buherde. 
Jordanus de bosco. 
"\"\'iKS stonbard. 

H" est vedcm ju^. 

Mafiiura istud co 

inet .iij. hidas 
q^'rum due sut in do 
minico tam in bos 
cis q""m in tris arabi 
lib; . pratis 7 pascuis 
7 est lib'um 7 quietu 
ab omi secta comita 

tus 7 budredi 7 auxlliis vicecomitu. 

In dnico sunt .ccc. acre p quiquies vigiti 
cum trib} virgatis 7 .x. acris tre escae 
te q*^ndam assise 7 op:< bills 7 censualis i 
parte . pret bee .xii. acre in bolin cum 
una virgata terre de tra moledinl. 

Due g'^'ve de bavecbo 7 bromhee 7 alia hai 
cia vestita bosco continct p estiniatoem 
.X. acras. forinsecu nem^ vestitu bosco co 
tiriet clrcit" .xv. acras . 7 de bosco no ves 
tito clrcit" .XL. acras. In marisco sunt 
.LX. acre . 7 possunt sustinere duodecies 



liiferius notati 
tenet de dnico 

.XX. ores q faciunt .cc. pcium cuiuslibi scil' rHEGnM 

ceter.arii si poueref ad firms .xl. sol'. In p'^' 

tis sunt ihi .xxviij. acre falcabiles 7 .xl. 

acre in pastura de holin . posscnt ce ibi in 

pastura .xxx. vacce cu suis tauris ? fetibj 

? .v. sues cum suis verris '? fetib3 . Wainna 

i^iuni dnici pot' fieri cum duab; carucis 

bonis cum .xx. cajntib} . scit cum .x. equis 7 

.X. bobus . 7 duobi equis herciatorib5 . 7 est 

ibi molendinu sup aq""m dulce q"d potest 

poni ad firmam ^-^ .xl. sol". 

IdZ dicunt q^'d cmendatu est manium i 

summa .iiij. marcar. in molcdinis domi 

b; 7 fossatis . det>mentum niim sciut in 

eode. Dicunt ecia q'd tre de dnio de novo t'^" 

dite satis utiVr tradite sunt. 
Junguin' de bulier tenet .vii. acras p .xxviij. 

d. q'iidam Godefridi cui n succedit h'editarie. 
Quique acre q'^ndam Ordgsri s't in dnico com 

putate supius. 
Aldetlia relicta \Valt"i .v. acras p .ij. sol". q"n 

dam edwini cui no attinet. 
Quina acre Gilib'ti herward sunt in 

dnico computate supius. 
Dece acre in estcroft sQt in dnico siml'r. 
Hugo de novilla ratone uxoris sue p .v. 

acris q^'ndam mauricii de totham reddit 

.x'.i.d. Idem .ij. acras 7 dimid" p .viij.d. 

Idem p exitu hominij suox sup t'ram sci 

pauli .viij.d. Id" .ij. sol", set eus n5 solvit. 
Gilib'tus herward .vij. acras q" ndam Rob'ti" 

de suttuna p .iiij. sol', p P. de hebrege 

quondam manerii firmariu. 
Idem dimid' acra in frutectis p .iiij.d. 
Idem .iij. acras p .xij.d. de eodem. 
G ilib'tus de grava .v. acras p .ij. ^ol*. q' ndam Godive 7 Beat'cis 


Job's snok .v. acras p .^ixxii.d. [Hegb'.] 

Magr Alexandr .v. acras p .iiij. sol'. 
Ide maer tenet unu locum ad una gragia. 
Subscipti sunt feffati cle paslur 1. frutectis 
usq-, ad titulu T pxim. 
Lefchild de marisco .iij. acras J dimid' tarn i 
gravis q"'m in tris arabilibi p .xx.d. p Witim 
grossum sacdot-em f petrura firmarios. 
Moniales de clerkewell .ij. ac'^s p .vi.d. p R. ruff'. 
Rog'us sprot unii curtilag p .ij.d. 
Alicia vidua .ij. acras p .xii.d. 
Edvrardus pistor .ij. acras p .vi.d. 
Witts cobbe duas acras p .xij.d 
Witts stonhard tenet duas acras in frutectis 

pro .iiij. denar. 
Ric sawgel .j. acram p .vi.d. Idem .ij. ac"'s 

7 dimid' pro .xij.d. 
Witts novus bomo -j. acra p .iiij.d i frutectis 
Henr piscator .iiij. acras p .ij. sol'. 
Pag^n' de beselep .j. curtillag p .j.d. 
Hawesia relicta Hug .j. acra .iiij.d. 
Walt's de mora .j. acra tre 7 .j. prati p .ij. sol'. 
Idem .iiij. acras p .ij. sol'. 1 metit .j. acra 
ad pcariam cervisie . 7 dat ova 1 galli 
nam . 7 adjuvat ad nave 7 ad stagnu. 
Jordanus de bosco dircid' acra p .ij.d. 
Acra 7 dimidia q"nda bricii sunt in dnico. 
Egelina de la bale .j. curtilag p .j.d. 
Rog^s dives .ij. acras 7 dimid" p .vi.d. per 

magrm Ranulfum. 
Tbom de totbam .j. acram p .xij.d. p petr 
firmarium sn capio. 

Isti sunt libere tenentes. 
Ros's dives cum fiba bamonis tenet .xxxv. 
acras pret p" tum q'd dicit ad illas ptine 
ab antiquo p .iiij. sol" .viij.d. 7 sequitur 
in autijpno .j. siccam pcariam 7 aliam 
ad cvisiam cum duob; liominibi .7 debet 


ligare q'd metit ad suum cibij pp'urn [Hege'.j 

7 invenit dimidiu carru vi una carec 

tam ad carriand' bladum dr,i . J seqr pea 

rias carucac duas scii una in hieme 7 

aliam in xl" .'t cum villata ad firma por 

tanda lond facit q'^ntum requirif de .xx. 

acris J dat .iiij.d. de maltselver in fmi 

nis t'um firraaz, . ? .xxxv. ova ad pascha 

7 una gallina ad natbale . 7 iuvenit .j. 

homine ad stagnum moledini ad dig 

nerium sine cibo dni .7 alia die .j. bomi 

ne ad cibura dni si opus fuit scii: ad dig 

nerium . 7 debet falcare in cumed ad 

cibum dni si dias voluerit. 
Dimidia virgata qua q^ndam tenuit Gib 

b'tus p secta sire hudredi est in dnico 

supius coraputata. 
Ric' fib" Witii tenet dimidia virg q°ndam 

Gibb'ti cui no attinet p .iij. sol" 7 p id'' 

servicium quod rog"us. 

In dnico est una virgata q"'m q'''ndam te 

nuit Gilib'tus cl'icus nepos decani. 

Ite dimidia virg q'^'m q'^ndam tenuit lesce 
lina est in dnico coputata supius. 

Isti tenent ad censum .T: ad operatonem. 
Hawisia relicta hugonis de atreham tenet 
.j. virg p .ij. sol' 7 fuit edwardi pmtarii. 
7 qualib'^ septimana ab ad vincia usq ad 
festu sci micbael" debet .ij. opa . 7 pterea seqr 
pcarias . 7 carriat bladum dni cu dimidio 
carro . du fijit carriand' 7 a festo sci micb' 
usq, ad advincl'a singub .xv. dieb; facit 
t'a opa esceptis septiraanis. Xatbal* . pas 
die . 7 pentec . 7 pxiiua septimana an fe 
stum SCI micbael' 7 ead" septimana debet 
coUig'e quater vigiti garbas de stipula 


ad grangias coopiendas .7 arare .j. acra in [Hegb .j 

hieme 1 .j. in xl'' . J seminare 7 herciare 7 

cuputabuntur ei p .iij. opilr, 7 sarclare p 

dimid" diem ad cibu suura pp'um . 7 como 

dare .]. hominc 7 unu equum ad L'ciandu. 

p dimid' diem , 7 si n habuerit opabitur 

in gragia flagellando stricu 7 dimid' . 7 

dat .iiij.d 7 ob' de maltselver . 7 adjuvabit 

ad firma ducenda 7 stagnu moledini pa 

randu . 7 in qualib? firma duceda quieta 

erit de onibus .xv. dierum 7 dat .xxx. ova 

ad pascha 7 .j. gallinam ad nathal'" 7 cum 

villata pticipabit in iino mullone feni 

int" ipsos dividedo . 7 dat .ij.d. 7 oV de landga 

vele 7 iiij.d de Wdepeni 7 debet met'e dimid" 

acram ante q'^'mlib? precariam. 
Beat'x vidua .j. virg p .ij. sol' 7 p id" servici 

um in omnibus. 
Witis de fote una virg p .ij. soF 7 p idem 

serricium quod beat's. 

Isti tenent dimidias virgatas. 

Jordanus 7 paganus tenet dimid' virg p idc 

serviciu in opib5 de maltselver . landgavel 

7 "Wdepeni . Id' tenet .v. acras p 
Witis stonhard dimid' virg ejusd" servicii p 

.iij. sol' 7 .viij.d. set p firraarios. 
Rog's sprot dimid' virg p id' serviciu. 
Alicia vidua dimid' virg p id' serviciu. 
TS'itis cobbe dimid' virg p id' servicium. 
Gilib'tus heru-ard dimid' virg' q°ndam Wot 

S'ari cui no attinet p idem servic. 
Gilib'tus de grava dimid' virg p id' servic. 
Siric^ fir edrici dimid' virg p id' servic. 
Edmund' filius lefwini dimid" virg cum 

Batholomeo p id" servic. 
Decc acre q'^ndam Gilib'ri herward oparie sut 

in dominico. 

ECCLESI.E S. TAULI LOXDIN. A.D. 1222. .") 7 

Ed^vard' pistor tenet .x. ac""s p .ij. opib} qualiliet [Hhgiir'.] 

septim^ . exceptis .iij. septimanis sup'^dcis 7 dat 

.iij.d. de maltselver ."^ ad pcarias autupni 7 

carucaz facit ide q"d beat'x . 7 ad stagnu niolc 

dini parand' .? ad stipulam 7 falcabit. 
Junguin^ .x. acras q**ndam Godefridi cui no atti 

net p idem servicium . Isti duo Edward' 7 

Junguin' debet arare .iij. ac'^'s . 7 tassare bladu. 
Eggelea de la hale .x. acras p ij. sol' 7 una opac. 

qualibf septimana in autupno . 7 ad pcaria^ 

.ij. homines 7 tassabit blad' . 7 colliget stipiam 

7 dat .j. gallinam 7 .x. ova ad pascha. 
Barthots faber .x. acras p ferramtis carucar 

faciedis 7 debet .ij. homines ad pcarias cer 

risie 7 unia ad siccas 7 met'e dimid' acram 

7 dat .i. gallinam 7 ova ad pascha. 
JoVs snok tenet .v. acras 7 dat qualibi septi 

mana unu op^ . exceptis septimanis pdcis. 

7 inrenit .j, homine ad q'^mlib? pcariam 7 

metit dimid' acra sicut alii 7 dat .iij. q": de 

maltselver 7 ad nave facit ut alii scd'm q""n 

titatem tenemti 7 dat gallina 7 ova 7 venit 

ad stagnum pandum. 
Steph's fir Godrici .v. acras p ide sen'iciu . addito 

q''d dat .iij. ob'. de maltselver. 
Witts novus ho .v. ac"'s p id' se^^-ic q'^d steph's. 
Gilib' herward .v. ac'^s p id' serv q^'d steph's. 
Lefchild fil" sprot ,t. ac"'s p id' servic. 
Ric sewgel .v. ac"'s p id' servic. 
Lefwinus edrici .v. ac^s p id' servic. 
Alexandr fil' lefsi .v. acras p id' servic pret q'^d 

quiet" est de dimidia acra meteda ad siccas 

pcarias . n*^ dat maltselv 7 onis isti .v. acra? 

debet tassare bladu . 7 alii supiores sitr .x. iic'^'z, 
Giinilda vidua tenet .i. niesagiu q'''ndam ed 

wardi fuUere p .xij.d. 7 sequif .j. pcariam 



*? metit dimid' acta J dat .j. gallinam. [Heger'.] 

Locus ubi graiigia eccrie est debet .x.d. quod fuit 

qoudam mesadu ruagri hugonis. 
Ric ]e turn^ .j. mesagiu p .xii.d. p ide sen-iciu 

quod Gunnilda. 
Job's praentari^ .j. mesagiu °t .j. curtillagiu 

p .xri.d. 7 idem senricium. 
Petr^ de cruce .j. mesag p .xii.d. J id' servic. 
Anicia filia Rogi .i. mesag p .iiijd. set no dat 

Editha tenet .iij. acras p .XL.d. p petrum de 
hebre2;e 7 p id' servicium quod gunnilda 
1 dat ova ad pascha. 
Maurici^ p dimid' acra 1. uno resset .xviij. 

d. ? p idem servicium. 
Samann' .ij. acras p .xviij. d. tan turn. 
Galfr fir orgari .iiij. acras p .ij. sol'. It dimid' 

acram prati 1 facit quod Gunnilda. 
It' tenet .iiij. acras p .ij. sol". 
Sciendu q'^d Rog'us de^-is debet tond'e oves. 
Inquisito fca apud tillingeha p eosde Rob'to de 

cano existent! firmario. 
Nomina jurato^ hoc est vedcm jurato^. 

Ricard^ fil' Witii. Maneriu istud defe 

Godefr fil' pagani. dit se vsus regem 

Job's passavant. p .xx. bidis cum .vi. bi 

Reg's godsaule. dis t'um solanda^ 1 

Edwardus rex. est quietu ab omi secta 

Reiner^ fil' balde\vini. comitatuu J bundred'. 

Witts passavant. auxiiiis \-icecomit. . Ward 

Witts bunfredi. peni 7 simibu q sp-tant 

Ricard^ de fonte. in capite ad reg£ vel bail 

livos suos. In dnico sunt de tra arabili .ccc. 
f quat visinti f .xiij. acre de tra arabili p quiquies xx^. 
cum .XXX. acris vilenagii tre opabil' 7 pt 
.XL. acras 7 dimid' q sunt in dnico eccl'e. 


7 sunt ihi .ix. acre in prato , no est ibi pa [Tillingham.] 

stura n' cum qaiescit diiicum p "Wain 

nagiu. It dicunt q"d pot fieri Wainna 

giu cum duab; carucis .xx. capitum . scit 

cum .xii. bobus J .riij. equis .possut ibi ee 

•iiij. sues cu uno verro 1 suis fetib} J .iiij^^ 

vacce cum suis fetibi si quiescut pasture 

dnico altnatim . In marisco sunt .iiij. 

bercarie . qua^ una vocat^ howich 7 pot 

sustinere novies .xx^'. capita pmiscui sex^" 

alta vocatur middelwich 7 pot sustine sexcies 

.xx^\ 7 .X. capita . tcia vocatur doddeswich 

7 pot sustinere sexcies .xx^'. 7 .xii. capita 

quarta rocaf pirimers 7 pot sustinere 

quiquies .xx^'. 7 .x. capita 7 consuevit ee 

pcium sexcies .xx^'. ovium p singi^as ber 

carias p annu .xl. sol', manente sep in 

stauro. Item pastura susenna possut ee 

int tras arabiles quiquies .xx^i. capita 

ovium . est ibi molendinu in mariscis 

qod posset poni ad firma p veredcm jura 

toz p .XX. sol", p annu deductis impesis circa suste 

tatione ejusde molcdini faciendis . Ide 

dicunt q^d melioratu est manium a tt 

pore quo fuit firmari^ Rob'tus decan^ in 

melioratone Wallax marisci 7 emedato 

ne molendini 7 fossatis 7 edificiis curie 

noAns 7 reparatis ad summa .x\-i. raarcaz. 

Isti tenet de dominico aiitiquit^ assise. 
Alfilda relicta Witti tracere tenet .xv. acras 

q^ndam Wlwardi p .ij. sol'. 7 debet sequi 

pcarias ut alii infra . 7 metere dimidia 

acra . ligare 7 ducere. 
Odo fir Whvardi fil* Godivi .vii. acras p 

.xii.d. 7 p idem serviciu. 
xVlicia relicta baldewini fil' Sirro .xiiij. 


acras p .xvi.d. 1 p idem semciu. [Tillikgham 

Rad" le bore .ij. acras q' ndara alueue p .iiij.d. 
Godefr grom fil" algari .ij. acras p .viiij.d. 
Thomas fil' adgari tenet una pasturam 

in via p uno socco. 
Due acre q^ndam Galir iugel sut in dnico. 
Gilib'tus sort 1 AVarinus dote cu fi.liab;, Wl 

lurici .vii. acras q°ndam TMurici p .xxvi.d. 
Ric' fil' Wifti cum filia Cristine .t. ac'"s p .xij.d. 

Idem .XV. acras p .xxx.d. ? mariscu p .iiij.d. 
Ric passavant .ij. acras cum uno mesuagio 
q^ndam edive p .xij.d. Idem una bopa 
de raarisco p .ij. sol". ? metit '7 ligat cu 
ptinentib; dimidia acram in autupno t seq'r pcarias i au't. 
Ric Wot .xiij. acras de tra arabili '? unum 
mariscu .x. acra^ p .iiij. sol'. 7 .x.d. 7 per 
cartam capituli . Idem .j. acram p .ij.d. 7 
debet metere dimid" acram ad pp'um suu 
custum vi facere equi vales serviciu. 
Odo de la ho .ix. acras tre arabil 7 .ix. in ma 
risco p .xxx.d. p cartam capitii 7 metet in 
autupno dimidia acra 7 ligabit. 
Oswardus claud' .j. mesag 7 una roda p 

.vi.d. p adam de plesseto serviente capitii. 
Roesia lot^x .j. curtillag' p .iiij.d. p eund'. 
Ric de fonte .j. acram pasture cu pva via 

p .xij.d. p R. decanu firmar. 
Walt's fir Willi .j. brock p .iiij.d. 
Ada de plesseto .vii. ac'^'s p .xviij.d. p car. cap. 
Ric del perer reddit .j.d. p quoda hoko ma 
risci dato sibi in escambiu p marisco suo 
peiorato p trasitu canonicoc ad marisco^ suo". 

Isti sunt tenentes de dominico eccl'ie. 
Hcnr herward tenet .v. ac'^s p .xii.d. 
Ada pmentari' .j. acrara p .ij.d. 
Godrich purte .j. acra p .ij.d. 


Sweno tenet .vi. acras p .xij.d. [Tillingham.] 

Siward' textor .iiij. ac"'s p .x.d. 
Regin ridel .v. acras p .xviij.d. 
Vicarius tit .r. acras de eod" sine servicio ad vi 
cariam . residuum est in dnico. 

Inferius notati teiient ad censum. 
Ric del perer tenet .j. hidam p .xx. sol'. ? sequit^' 

pcarias cervisie in autupno bis . si fviit ne 

cesse ad cibima ^ potum diii . "r una die ca 

rial)it .r. plaustra ad cibum dn; . ? Iiebit 

.ij. garbas . ? meter dimid" acram in autup 

no . 7 ligabit si una fuit pcaria . si a due 

fuit pcarie metet duas dimidias ac"'s ad 

cibu suum pp'um . "? alia die cariabit q*^d 

messuert pcarie ut sup'^ continet'. 
Godefr fil' pagani .j. acra hidam p .xs. sol'. % 

.ij.d. 7 p serric quod Ric. 
Ric fil' "Wifri cum filia cristine .lx. 1 .xv. ac^'s 

p .X. sol'. 7 .viij.d. p theodos ? Ric archid' 

firmarios 7 p id' servic. 
Thomas fil" Sigari .xi. acras p .ij. sol". 7 facit 

serv quod Ric. Si an no habeat averagia 

ad carriagiu in autupno allocabit blad' 

in gragia tI faciet aliq'^d op' equi vales. 
Gilib"tus sort 7 "VS'arin^ cum filiab; "\"Murici 

dote .XV. acras p .XL.d. 7 facit id" serv qd' Ric. 
Theodor^ nl" Rob' ote .v. acras p .x.d, 
Beat'x uxor Galfr de campo tenet .x. ac'^s p .xx.d. 
Regin fil" pagani .ij. acras p .vi.d. 

A Ifwin' fil" estrilde .v. acras p .x.d. v,f pj-n 

Relicta TMurici cok. .viij. ac'^s p .xvi.d. ■ 

istot: inveniet .j. homine ad .ij. pcarias 
sic Thomas fiJ' Sigari supradcs. 
Henr Hervrard .ij. acras q*^ndam "VSlgari p 

.iiij.d. p captm ad rminu. 
Reiner^ fil* baldewini de gora .xx. ac'^'s p ,iij. sol''. 


J facit idem serric qd' thomas fil' sigari. [Tillingham.] 

Galfr fir Ailvrini ^. acras p .xx.d. 
Wiiis fil* Rad' fil" Edvrardi .xvij. acras p .slu. 

d. J f serric in orar^ib} q'd thofn fil'' sigari. 

Inferius notati sunt oparii. 
Godefr grom tenet .v. acras q'^'ndam Algari 

? debet quaiibi septimana p annu duo 

opa esceptis septifin . nathai . pasche . *? pe 

tecostes in quib3 quiet^ erit de opib} . 7 se 

quitur pcarias in aurapno ? metit 

diniidia acra ut notati oparii supius. 
Rad' le here .t. acras p ide serric 1 preterea 

defendit eas rsus regem. 

Isti faciunt ma^as opatones. 
Aillera fiiia aduin tenet .xsx. acras p 
.X5.d. 7 ob' . 7 dat .iiij.d. 7 .iij. q'^ de malt 
selrer ad pentec 7 debet arare acram 7 
dimid' in hieme 7 tm in .xl". 7 fiagellare 
seme dni ad ilias seminadas 7 semina 
re 7 herciare 7 sarclare 7 metere 7 duce 
in grangia dni . 7 pretea semel in hieme 
7 semel in .xl^. arare sine cibo dni 7 in sep 
timana qn ita arat quieta erit de ali 
is opib; . Quod si bores n habuerit vel 
animalia ad arand' facit aliud op^ 
quid jussa fuerit 7 educet .x. plaustra 
ta de fimo post pascha 7 habebit digne 
rium de dno 7 infra hundredu porta 
bit unu plaustru ri duas carectatas 
de busco 7 debet coUigere stip'lam 7 co 
opire domos de dnio 7 mundare fossa 
circa curia 7 repare dimid' pcatam 
7 debet ad natal' .i. gallina 7 ad pasch' 
.XX. ora rt sine numero ad honorem 
dni quot voluerit . 7 ad quamlibi de 
.iiij. pcariis unde due sunt sn crisia 


inveniet .ij. homines ad cibum dni . 1; ad [Tillingham.] 

quamlib? debet mete dimid' acram 

ligare 7 ducere sn cibo. 
Beat'x relicta tlioiri del slo tenet .xxx. 

acras q^ndam aihvini fabri p idem 

servicium in omnib}. 
Rog godsaule .xxs. acras p id' servic. 
"Witts fil' hunfridi J odo fil" Wlwardi .xxx. 

acras p idem servic. 
Thorn ill' edgari .xxx. ac'^s p id' sen-ic. 
Henr herward .xxx. acras q"^ndam Wigori 

de broco ad tminum p capitulu ? p 

idem servicium. 
Rad crucsi .xxx. acras p id" servic. 
Galfr bosse tenet .xxx. ac'^s p id' servic. 
B eat'x relicta Galfr .xxx. ac'^s p id' servic. 
Rimer^ cum filia sproti .xxx. ac'^s p id' svic. 
Reginald^ fil' pagani .xxx. ac"'s p id' servic. 
Simo 7 serlo passavant tenet .xxx. acras 

q^ndam baldewini 7 edrichi Wot p id' svic. 
Alan" brid 7 editha vidua .xxx. ac'^s p id' §vic. 
Tlieodoric'' otc .xxx. acras p id' svic. 
Edward' rex .xxx. acras p id' ser\-ic. 
Wlric^ brid 7 Witts passavant .xxx. ac^'s q^n 

dam Willi raven p id' ser^'ic 7 illas tenet 

p edelinam. 
Rad' pache 7 Job's blare tenent .xxx. acras 

q<^ndam thoiri mercatoris 7 defend ut eas 

p XV. ppt pauptatem tre 7 Wluric^ Wid 

stert .XV. acras p id' servic. 
Rif de fonte .xxx. acras q'^ndam matildis 7 

theme p ide servicium. 
Joh"s faber 7 Walts del ho 7 Job's passavat 

.XXX. acras p idem servic. Id' ioh's faber 

tenet .xv. acras p ferramentis q^ndam 

gunilde 7 fuerut ad denarios sn svico. 


Oms isti tenentes predcas .xxx. acras debet ;.Tillingham.] 

flagellare .iiij. firm as % portare Lond" 

pp^o custamto suo '? picio cum uno ser 

viente de curia ad cibum dni 7 debet 

falcare pratum 7 coUig'e 7 levare 7 do 

mi portare 7 habebunt a dno . unu mul 

tone sine pelle . 7 .xii. panes 7 farina 7 

sal 7 .iiij.d. ad singulas firmas puta ■'/ 

das vt danningam . 7 -ad singulas .xxx. / 

acras unTi onus de stramine a curia ad 

.iiij. firmas 7 deberit carriare blad' dBi 

cura plaustris totius villate. 
In manerio isto sexcies .xx. acre faciunt 

hidam . 7 .xxx. acre faciunt virgata. 
Item in dnico sunt oms decime garbar 

totius pochie excepta tcia garba de do 

minico qua habet vicari^ 7 tricesimu 

agnu . purcellu 7 caseum. de lana diiici 

nihil hab? neq., de tota parochia. Inq^sico 

fca in manio de berliiig . Walt' de ber 

Noia jurato^. ling existete tirmar. 

Witts fil'" anketil. Isti dicunt q^d maneriu 

Ric de la \"\'gelate. de Berling defendit 

Ailred^ le bunde. se vsus rege p .ij. hidis 7 dim 

Adam faber. 7 hida continet sexcies vigi 

Wilis de la ponde. ti acras .iiij. virgate faciut 

Rob" fi? simonis. hidam 7 .xxx. acre faciunt 

virgatam. Reddunt au iste due hide 7 diraid" 

singut annis p hidagio baillivo hundred! 

de Reilee .xxxi.d. 7 .xiii.d. de Wardpeni 

de quibj dnicum reddit de .xx. acris .ij.d. 

7 ob' p hidagio 7 .ij.a. de Wardpeni. In 

dnico sunt quidecies viginti acre tre ara 

bilis 7 est pvus raariscus qui pot cum 

susenna pastura sustihe quiquies .xx. 

oves cu niascuV . Non est ibi pastura bou. 


It dicunt q'''d Wainagiu totius dnici arabil' [Barling.] 

pot fieri cum duab5 carucis cu .xvi. capi 
tib; . medietas equox 7 medietas bou cum 
cOsuetudinib; viilate . It dicunt qd ma 
neriu emedatum p W. firmar in domib5 
J Wainagiis in .L. sol' . Det'nitu nirm sciiit. 

Inferius notati tenet de dnico. 
Witts fil' anketitt tenet .y. acras p .xij.d. q»s 

pater suus tenuit. 
"^"^ itis nepos Witii ctici .xi. acras p .iij. sol' "? 

.iiij.d. J A. socco . ? venit ad pear cvisie. 

7 ante qualib? raetit .j. rodam 7 l&vat 

ores 7 tondet. 
Tres acre q funt supbi st' in dnico 9putate sup"". 
Anicia vidua tenet .j. mariscu de dnico p 

.ij. sol' p Ric archid. 
Ric nepos Wrtheve vidue tenet .j. acra in 

augmto tre sue q"'m defendit infra. 
Witts fir Witt parmtar dimid'* acra p .vi.d. 

7 seqr pcarias cvisie 7 facit ligatoria ad pear'. 
Thorn fil' Wateman .j. acram p .xv.d. 7 se 

quitur pcarias sic Witts. 
Una acra q"'m q^ndam tenuerut akermani 

in augmtum tre sue est in dnico sirnt 

cum .V. acris tre sue q sunt in dnico no 

copulate supius in dnico. 
Unu mesagiu q^ndam Godhug traditum 

est Walt' traigor eccl'ie firmar p W. firmar p .xij.d. 
Math's fir alani tenet .j. mesag alani pris 

sui p .xij.d. p eund' firmar 7 satis util'r 

ut dicunt jurati. 

Isti tenent alia tenementa. 
Witts fil anketill' tenet .l. acras p .xviij. 
sol' 7 debet invenire .iiij. homines ad us 
pcarias cvisie 7 ante q'^'mlibt pcariam 
debet metere dimid' acram. 


Avicia vidua scd'a uxor Walt'i blundi tenet [Barlikg.] 

.XL. acras p .j. marca. 
Ric de la Wogelate ? pavia nepotes osb'ti 1)' 

tonis teiient .xxx. acras q'^ndam osb'ti bri 

tonis |) .xi. sol' '? .vi.d. 7 inveniut .iiij. bo 

mines ad pcarias . 7 metut sic "Witt fil' anket. 
Beat'x relicta osb'ti basse .v. acras p .xx.d. 

r> omni servicio. 
Regin fil' Walt'i capltani tenet .xv. acras p 

dimid' noarca p Ric juniore quas rog fa 

ber tenuit cui nich' attinet . fuit q°nda 

oparia set p cartam capitli est ad denar. 

? niittit .j. hominc ad pcarias arature, 

7 ad apiendos selones ad aque ductum 

sire aliud opus ad cibum dni. 
Tres acre qondam Witti Wem sunt in dni 

CO pret^ dnicura supradcm. 

Isti tenent tras operarias. 
Beatrix relicta osb'ti basse tenet .xv, ac"'s 
7 a festo sci michael' usq., ad vincta q"'li 
bet septim . debet .iij. opac n^ festu impe 
dierit . qod si festura feriabile evenit in 
sept die lune 7 aliud die mcurii . unu 
festu erit ei utile . aliud diio. Q^'d si festu 
evenit eade sept die venis . addito alio 
festo in alia sept veniete . dividetur illi 
duo dies int diim 7 oparium ut supra 
dcm est. Ab ad vincta usq^ ad festu sci mi 
chael' oiTii die opabitur pt festa feriabi 
lia. It ad oir.s pcarias veniet tam siccas q*^ 
raadidas iiiveniet .ij. hoies .7 Slu q^'mlib? vt 
post ad jussu baiilivi metet dimid' acra 
pret opa supradca 7 inveniet dimid' car 
ra cu .j. horaie ad carriand' blad' ad curia 
dni ad cibum dni . 7 h'ebit dimid' garba 
sero de blado q'^d ducut ultimo . 7 arare acra 

ECCLE5-1--E S. PAULI LOXDIX. A.U. 1222. 6/ 

7 climid' in hyeme ? pretea .j. Garsacra eo ;;Barling.] 

tpe ? in XL= .']. acram 7 dimid' . 7 h'ciabit 

acra 7 dimid' c'"m arat in byeme . 7 quiet" 

erit de .ij. opib;. In .xl'^. no berciabit quod 

arat nisi p opib} .7 tondet ores 7 dat .vij. 

d. 7 ob' de HQaltselv in trib} tminis f'mar. 

7 dat .ij. galbnas ad natb' . 7 ..w. ova ad 

pascba 7 p quolib; porco qm habet in sti 

pula dabet .j. pullum galbne . 7 debet por 

tare ad nave cum suis pibi firraa ducen 

dam lond' . 7 cum pp^o custo ducere Lond'. 

set dhs inveniet nave 7 rectore navis suo 

custo . set iste oparius erit quiet' de opib} 

suis dum f uit in itiiie illo . It' idem debet 

hre stiptam unius acre de frumto 7 

dimidie de avena. 
"Walts de opinton .xv. acras q^ndam Aihvi 

ni cui nich' attinet p id" svic q'^d beat'x. 
Rob' fir Simon longi .xv. ac'^s p id* . servic. 
Ric de Wogilate .xv. acras p id' servic. 
Quindecim acre ejusde servicii q'^ndam 

Burgilde sat in dnico pt sup"dcm dniu. 
Wilis fil' Asketilli junioris tenet .xv. ac"'s 

p idem servicium . modo Walt' pavey p decafi 7 capim. 

Isti sunt minores operarii. 
Wateman fib' simon tenet .iiij. acras 7 p 
totu annum singub duab; sept* .ij. opac 
7 ad singlas pcarias inveniet .j. bomi 
ne ad cibum dni 7 an q'^'mbb^ pcaria 
metet .j. rodam 7 adjuvabit tassare 
bladum ad cibum diii dij f uit tassand'. 
7 dat .j. gaUina ad natb' 7 .iiij. ova ad 
pascba 7 .iiij.d. 7 ob'. de maltselv in 
.iij. tminis firmar . 7 b'ebit stiptam 
unius acre frumti 7 tondet oves 7 car 
riat bladu ad naves . set n ducit Lond". 


Rog's siere cu nepte q^^ndam Wlgari .iiij. ac"'s [Barlikg.] 

p idem servicium. 
Ricnepos Wrtheve tenet .v. acras 7 omi sept 

faciet .ij. opac . niio festo coputato 7 in singu 

lis sept in autupno inveniet .j. homine 

ad cibum dni ? metit .j. rodam ad ante 

q"'mlib5 pcariam . 7 adjuvabit pofie blad' 

in naves . 1 dat .iiij.d. 7 ob' de maltselv. 

in trib} tminis firmar .7 dat .j. gallina 

ad nath' . ? .v. ova ad pascha 7 hebit uni^ 

acre stipiam de frumento. 
Ailred' fjl" Asketilli .v. acras p id servic. 
Adam faber tenet .vi. acras p ferris .ij. ca 

rucar faciendis 7 facit ad pear autupni 

sic Ric predcs 7 hcbit stiptam .ij. acrar 

frumti 7 adjuvabit ad blad' careand'. 
Tota villata debet charchiare blad" ad fir 

mas faciedas 7 firmarius debet invenire 

navem 7 rectorem navis. 

Inferius notati debent Wardpeni. 
Beatrix basse . unu denar. 
Ric de la Wgelate .iij.a. 
Regin de tra R-ogi fabri .j.d. 
^^''atemaTl fil' Simonis . ob'. 
Rob' filius simonis .j.d. 
Adam faber unu denaf. 
Rogus siere ob'". 
Waltus openton .j.d. 
Wiits junior unu denar. 
Terra burgilde in dnico .j.d. 
Terra que est in dominico .j.d. 


Inquisito fca in maDio cle Runevreli . Galfr [Ruke-v%-ell.] 

de Vallib} crico existente nrmario. 
Xoia juratos MaEium istud scdm 

Ric le flecher. dcm juratot cotiii=i 

Steph's de Rune'^'e". .riij. hicas 1. hi 
AValtus herward. da contLnet seicies vigi 

"Walterus cobbe. ti acras . set autiqua in 

Willelmus albert. culsito cicit q'd no con 

Adam novus ho. suevit contine n> quat 

Petrus ket. rigiti . cuia postmod' 

exquisite siit tre 7 n:surate . ? cosueverut 

ee in dnico .iiij. hide 7 adiiuc sQt pt esca 

etas quasda q sunt in dnico relicte ppter 

paupertate tenencium . Reliquu est assisu. 

Maiiium istud est lib'um ab oEi secta 

hudredi 7 comitat^ p carta 7 lib'tatem re 

gum. In dnico sunt .vii. acre prati i West 

made 7 .v. in estmade de novo cOquestu 

una roda min^. Non est ibi certa pastura 

n' quado tre dnici quiescunt alrnatim 1 

culte . Isti^ manii Wainagiu pot fieri cu 

duab;, carucis bonis cu .svi. capitibi 

animaliu . sciit in caruca .iiij. eq' 1 .iiij. 

boves cu uno equo herciatore ca consue 

tudinib5 opario^ . pot" hre in stauro 

q'nquies vigiti oves cu suis maicul' . 7 

fetib; . J .iiij. vaccas cu uno tauro . nitm 

porcu in curia sri dampno. r^5s porc^ pot' 

hri in pessona . In grava q vocaf stapelee 

sunt .is. acre de bosco bn vestito . In alia 

g^'va q Tocatur northgrava est una acra 

de bosco bn vesrito . It dicunt q'-^d raaniu 

efndatum est p G. de arcbis in moledino 

quoda . domib; 7 rossatis ad summa .ij. 

marca^. Molendinu ad ventj est ibi ad 

firmam p .xii. sol*, quod construx . G. de Arch". 




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In dnico sunt .ccc. acre 'i .xLviii. acre 7 quiq^ 
es riginti . It dicunt q'^d oms tre tam de do 
minico q"'m de novo essarto util'r 7 ad como 
dum capitii tradite sunt a tpe Ric ruffi 
pret .X. quas tenet thom psb'r . quia ablaf 
est trasitus a strata usq., ad aliud dnicu 
n<^ pot^ tiri nisi extransvso . Id dicunt quod 
edificia in curia meliorate st p G. ruffu 
in .xxx.d. sed nem' detioratum est in 
summa .iiij. soiidorum. 

Isti tenent de anriquo dominico. 
Job's fil' Walt'i ruiti tenet .x. acras p xii.d. 

p Ric ruffum Archid". 
Ric Gardiner .xiij. acras p .xxvii.d. p Gal 

fridum de arcbis. Item .i.d. de cmto p cap"^^ u' wi S -c v, '2 

sit perpetuu. .^ 'c ig «« ^ 

Ida rebcta Wlvrardi .v. acras p .x.d. «" ^ -t^ "^ ■=' ^ 

Tbom presb'r .x. acras p .xx.d. p Gilib' « ""^ 2 i^^'g '^ 

turn de Arcbis. 'i^ c ;t! c" zt<= ^ 

Walt's cobbe .vi. acras p .xii.d, q"ndam 5 c'-=";^ .- -0 ^ 

Wlwardi cui nicb' attinet p R. ruflfum. "-^ £i ^ '^- tf E-'S- 

It idem .j. acram q^'ndam turgis p eund' 28 j" | '^ p -"^ " 

7 metit p ead" in autupno .ij. acras '" to jo ^'^'^ ^' 

avene 7 .ii. frumenti. c P i^ 'H S £ 'o 

Rob' picot .X. acras p .xx.d. p manu G. "^ 2 '^ ;^ T"*? ^. 

de arcbis in essarto bus-on. it' .x.d'. de c'm'top'cap' B^ E c« "^ 5 •-• 

■- ,.-'0"~iCC ?* • — 

U tit p petUU. '^ Vj C' K X. r_ r- 

' ' 1-^ I/: _ J • ■ 

It ibid' .ij. acras p .iiij. d.p G.devallib5. It' .ij.d'. de ^ 8.'?'^ ^"^ ^ 

c'm'to p' cap™, u' sit p'petuTi. ""^ ^ cr. . ,k > ^ 

Walt's berward tenet ibid' .xv, acras p '| c*^ g^-p: ^'^ J 'g 

.ij. sol'. 7 .vi.G. p G. de arcbis.* "-^ -r rr ' > tT"^ 

c'm-top' cap-. Jon' Grapmcl .t. acras p ,x.a. ib)a pG. -g^£|-gc„ 

utsitp-pet'. de arcbis. £ — '^j:_if = J. =0 

♦ T . ■•■ J, ^r- '^ •- — "^ « 

*. -i^j-a • fStepb's de Runewell .v. ac'^s p .x.d. ibid' p eud. "^^ "c-^: ;- ^ .^ 

c m to p cap i * "f^ _-^ .ti -. jL. — o •^' 

u" sit p'petuum. Walt" fil' Galfr .iij. ac'^s p .vi.d. p eund" ibid'.l 5 ^ t:; -fc r- c £^ 

If .ix.d'. de Rad'^'sp -x.d. ibid' p eund'. it- v d' de c-m' B ^ '^f' :^ - I 

cm'to p' cap' ^ ■*^ , . , .• • . • ""=. "' -- — £ — 'c -^ 

„> ^:^ r ,. '- p cap . u sit p petuu. 1.^ ,"=- ^^ '— r\ c 

u' sit p petuu. r r J 1^ ^;_ ;cr~^, ~ O c 

• J /^ ■• ., 4j ^ c[> "^ <r, 

'^' ^, |S >- (C - "^ 

c'm-to p' cap' Job's scotus .iiij. acras p .viii.d. ibid' p eOc]'. L- -S ^' S ^ -^ !i 

It .iiij.d'. de "^^'iWs b'nard .ix. ac^'s p .xviij.d. p G. de vatt. 

c'm'top'cap' Job's scotus .iiii. acras p .viii.d. i!)id' p eOc]'. 

ul S'it ti're- . t ^i -t- ^ >'■<-.— _:; i- C 

tuum. "^ debet .j. upatoncin I autupno sh cibo dni. -^ ^ ;2 ::: r- sc ^^ 



ten em turn. 

Alured' kete .ij. acras p .iiij.d. ibid' p eund'. [Run-r-ell.] 

It' .ij.d'. de c'm'to p' cap"', u' sit p'petuu. 

Petr" fil' Siraon .j. acra in escambiu uni^ acre. 

alt'ius tre sue q"'m defendit p .s. ac's p q'b' opat^ 

Petr" ciicus .iiij. acras p .xij.d. p Ric ruffu. 

It idem ibid" .ij. acras 7 dimid" p .v.d. p G. de vatt. 

It' .ii.d'. de c'm"to p' cap™ ut sit p"petu. 

jT Job's fir Walt'i ruffi tenet dimid' bidam p jg+^ tenent 

.viij. sor. Idem .xv. acras p .ij. sol', p Ric Antiquum 

arcbidiaconu . Idem .viij. acras p .xvi.d. 

p eund' ? .XV. acras p .ii. sol', p eundem. 
Rob' de la belle dimid' hida p .viij. sol'. q<^nda 

absolorns . Idem tenet .x. acras p .xx.d. 

p Ric Ruffum . Idem cosuevit lire .x. por 

cos in pannagio lib'os dum sepes sue esset 

integre q modo sunt destructe . Seqi'' pea 

rias dhi cum uno homine. 
Steph's fir Rob' beres Godithe .xx. acras p .xl. 

d. 7 invenit .ij. homines ad pcarias. 
Steph's hi' thorn .v. ac^'s p .x.d p Ric rufFu. 
Steph's juvenis .xv. acras p .ii. sol'. 7 .vi.d. 
Oswardus .v. acras p .xii.d. q°ndam steph'i 

cui nich' attinet p Ric ruffu. 
"Walt' de slo tenet .xv. acras p .xxx.d. p G. de 

archis 7 . reddit .xv. ova ad pasch' . ? q"nda 

fuit opar ? tenuit earn Rob' "VS'iard sic 

invenietur in veti libro. 
Sim fil' Salomon .xv. acras p .xxx.d. 7 

reddit .xv. ova 7 .ij. galhnas ad Nath'. 
Adam novus ho dimid' hidam p .ix. sol'. 
ms isti venient ad pcarias domini. 

Isti tenent in estrede. 
"Wills fil' b'nardi .ij. acras p iiij.d. p Ric ruf 

fum 7 tendet oves ad cibum dni. 
Rad' fil' bratricis .v. acras p .xii.d. p Ric 

ruffum 7 opatur .viij. septim in autup 

no . qualibet sept .j. opatonem, 
Walt's fir Galf? .vi, acras p .xii.d, p G. dc arcb' 


7 venit ad pcarias dni. [Runwi.ll.i 

Ric flecber .xLvi. acras p .vii. sol'. ?. .viij.d. 
p G. de Arch" ? venit ad pcarias cvisie. 

Infius notati sunt operarii. 
Stepli's de E-unewell tenet .xv. acras "? dat 

.iii.d. 1, .iij. q*" in festo sci michael' . ? dat .ij. 

gallinas ad nathal' ? .sv. ova ad pascha . 

7 debet omi sept ^ annii .ij. opac exceptis 

sept' NatbaV . pasch' 7 pentecost' in quib; 

trib} sept' quiet^ erit de trib} opac 7 deb^ 

averare ad Loud" . 7 ad mania alia . unde 

si posset reverti eadera die quiet^ erit ab .j. 

ope .7 habebit cibum suu semel. Si n revta 

tur ea die quiet' erit de .ij. opac 7 arabit 

in hyeme acram . 7 diD:iid' 7 tm in .xl^. 

7 dabuntur ei .vi. panes cu cOpanagio 7 

coputabuntur ei p ilia aratura .ii. opac. 

.s. unu in hyeme 7 .j. in .xl^. . 7 metet .vi. 

acras in autupno . p vectura bladi ad ta 

misiam 7 erit quiet" de .ij. opatonib}. 
Rad^ fir Beatricis .xv. acras p idem servic 

q"d Steph's 7 ptea merit .ij. Wardacras. 
Steph's fil" Godefr .xv. acras p id' servic. 
Rad' fil" Wibard .xv. acras p id' servicium. 
Isti .iiij. faciunt duos carros ad fenu duce 

dum . scit illi .iiij. .x. plaustra ad cibum 7 

potum dni . alii oparii infius notati cal 

cabunt fenu 7 facient tassu ad cibu dni. 
Osward^ tenet .s. acras q°ndam edwini p .ij. 

opac qualibf sept 7 debet .j. gallina ad 

nathaV 7 .x. ova ad pasch' 7 metet in au 

tupno .ij. Wardacras de frumto 7 avena. 
Sim fir Simois .x. acras p id" servic . 7 dat .ij. 

gallinas 7 facit .j. fotaver qn jubef 7 q'e 

tus erit de .ij. opac . si vadit Lond' 7 si rev 

tatur ea die de uno ope quietus erit. 7 

ECCLESI.t S. PAULl LONDIN'. A.D. 1222. 73 

lavabit oves 7 tondebit. [Ru^L^v^.LL." 

Steplr's fil' Godefr tenet .v. acras q"ndam sae 

ve p uno 0|?e omi sept . 7 dat .ij. gallinas ? 

,v. ova .? facit fotaver ut sup'^ . ? metit .ij. 

Wardacras 7 lavat eves 7 tondebit. 
Wimarc vidua tenet .v. acras q'ndam Galfr 

p idem servicium. 
Witts fir alb'ti .v. scras p idem servic. 
Stepb's fil' tliofii .iij. acras p .j. ops oirii sej)t. 

7 dat .iij. ova. 
Rad'" fil" beatricis .iij. acras p id' servic qu(>d 

Stepli's fil Godefr 7 ^Vymark vidua q tn 

coputantur supius cum .ij. acris eiusd' in 

estred* . 7 sunt ad denar cum rdiquis p fir 

mariij ppt' debilitate teneffui. 
Rad' kete tenet .v. acras . raetit .ij. "\Vardac"'s 

7 dat .j. gallina 7 .v. ova . 7 sequif pcarias. 

Inquisico fca in maviio de Nortun Job* de dno 

martino existente firmario. 

NoTa iurato^. Manium istud defedit i = 

Osl)ertus. se vsus regem p ml. acris 7 lil^e ~ 

Warinus. rum est a secia conntat' set se ^ - 

^ — ■ ■ 
Galfr tbrede. quitur hundred' de ajigr . 7 p c-^ ;E- 'H 

secta eiusde datur pposito .ij. sol" .xij.d. de ^h J^-i 

dnico 7 .xii. de tenentibj. In dnico sut .c. jj .5 ;-■ 

7 .ij. acre tre arabilis . 7 .vi. acre prati 7 cir •— '^ :? 

citer .xii. acre de gracili bosco. Wainagiu O ^ c 

pot fieri cum una caruca .viii. capitu. Di 

cunt ecia q'^d manium eni datum est in 

Iris marlatis 7 novis edificns ad summa 

.rij. marcarum. 

Isti sunt tenentes. 
Osb'tus tenet .v. acras p .xxxij.d. 7 debet 

post festu sci m.icbaer .xij.d. de auxilio. "^ ^ i 

7 seqr pcarias dni cum .ij. hoTb' ad cibu dni.* 
Ordmar' .v. acras q^ndam Ric cui n attinet 


If. Z- z^ 

'^ p r 


p .xxxiiij.d, 7 .vi.d. de au.xilio p iobanne [Norton.] 

de domino martino. 
Warin^ fiF ailmari .x. acras p .iiij. sol' 7 .iij. 

d. ? ob'. 7 .ij. sol' de auxilio. 
Galfr fil" Galfr .rij. acras p .iij. sol' 7 .ij. sol' de 

auxilio . 7 ,ij.d. de Wardpeni. 
Godefr fir normanni .v. acras p .ij. sol' 7 .xij. 

a. de auxilio. 
Basilia relicta Witti de Leila .v. acras q"nda 

alani cui n attinebat p .ij. sol' 7 .xij.d. de 

auxilio p ioh'em firraar. 
Oms isti sequutur pcarias cum .ij. hoib; 

ad cibum domini. Inqui?ico fca ill mailio 

de Xastok' Job' de b"nes existete firmario. 
Ric fir ade • - - . . Noia iurato^. 

Job's Wiger. H' est redcm iu^. 

Stepb's fil' Rob'. Lib'i. Isti dicunt q^'d 
Walt's fil' Pet' / in maiiio isto 

Thorn fil' ade- •■'' sunt .viij. bide tre 

Rad' le bunde. computabil" sicut 

Wiits de bosco. olim fuit . 7 lib'e 

Gilib'tus palmer. sunt de omi secta 

Stepb's le bore. comitat' 7 omni 

Adam getilman de belle. servico alio quod 

ptinet in capita ad regt . 7 capitales baillivos 

suos. Reddit tri yillata pt dnicum cu secta 

hundredi de angr q^m facit baroni q' p tpe 

illud bt .xiiij. sol' p annum in annutiatoe . 

b'e virginis .7 in Nativir ejusde .7 pretea 

.xvi.d. de Wardpeni in tmino de bokedai. 
Reddit an canonicis p annu .iij. firmas pie 

nas cum quadragenis sol'. 7 decime garbar 

de dnico sunt in dnico. Tn dnico sunt .ccc. 

7 .XL. acre tre arabil' .7 .xvij. acre prati fal 

cabilis . 7 .x. acre de genesteio ad pastura 

bourn pret pastura in gravis de quib' infr". 



In una grava vsus niolendinu estimunf ^ [Xamok.] 

.iiij. acre Ire . 7 in alia vsus angr .vi. acre 

? bn vestite sunt iiemore. 
1 sti jurati dicut quod tenenitnm inf'ius no 

tata J tradita p nrrxiar divsis hoib3 ad 

coiT;odu ecciie 7 n^anii tradita sTit. Ide 

dicunt q'^d manium mclioratu est in 

tris marlatis . 7 sepib;, . 7 fossatis . 7 domib;, 

curie novis . 7 emendatis ad summa .xv. 

marcar a tpe ioh'is scdi firmar 7 i redditu assiso. 

Det-mentum n^m sciut p juramtum suu 

in boscis sepib; vl abiis. It dicunt q*^d p^ fi" 

Wainagiu totius dnici cum .ij. carucis bo 

nis tintib; .xs. capita in jugo . 7 .ij. herci 

atoribi cum consuet opario^ . pot hri in 

stauro sescies .xx. eves cii suis fetib5 7 mas 

culis 7 .xii. vaccas cQ uno tauro . 7 porcos 

in pessona cetum si copia fuit pessone. 
In eod' mahio Joh"^ fil' ^^'iger in fores tia bos 

ci canonico^ qui V'-^catur Westwde clamat bereditate 7 Step!i"s 

fiP Rob' in forestir bosci qui dicit^" defensurn 

7 respondebut cam nicis vt baillivo de dap 

nis bosco^ 7 habebut de Windbreche qui'^q'd 

n est utile ad meirimiu p visu baillivi 7 

coponos fustiu qui sf'nentur tin ad mei 

rimiu. Isti sunt lib'e lenetes. 
Wilis de breaute cum herede 7 filia Rad' de 

marci tenet .j. hidam tre p .xvi. sol", p 

annii 7 cosuevit defend'e earn vsus rege. 
Stepb's fil' Rob' nl* Ric tenet .j. hidam p .xvi. / 

sol", quos recdit p e;-.dem. Id' debet arare sine 

cibo dni .j. acram in veme 7 una in .xl^. 

pret hoc ad pcarias carucar in Ijveme .j. 

acram 7 ad pcarias in .xl^. .j. acram 7 falca 

re dimid" acram sun'iptib} suis . 7 postmod' 

falcare cu tota villata pratum dni . ita 


qM totum sit falcatum . 1 qlibet falx h'ebit [Na^tok.] 

unu pane de frumto .7 in comuni .j. mul 
tone pcii -viij. denar .? unu caseum vt 
.iiii.d. sine cervisia . 7 ad siccas pcarias in 
autuprjo inveniet .j. homine .1 ad pea 
rias cvisie veniet cu quot hominib5 ba 
buerit ;-.d cibum diii . 7 id' debet unu ave 
ragiu in anno. Id' tenet unu molendin 
p .viij. sol', p cartam capitii 7 in eodem 
niolendino curia canonicot babet fore 
Lrrist set dat molturam. 
Wa'.t's hV peV tenet .iiij.^^. ac""s p .v. sol' .iiij.d. 

? facit idem serviciu quod Steph's. 
Thorn fib* ade tenet .xl. acras q fuerunt 
camerarii p .iiij. sol'. ? .iiij.d, 7 arare .ij. 
acras ad cibum dni . una scii in yeme 
? una in .xl^. 7 debet .ij. homines unu 
ad siccas pcarias 7 alium ad j5cariara cer 
visie in autumpno. 
Ric fil' ade tenet .iiij.'^^. acras p .v. sol'. 7 .iiij.d. 
p sricium q'^d facit .W. fil' pet' supradcs 
7 pretea dat de suo canonicis cont"^ Natal' 
unam minam avene. 
"\Valt"s fil" theodorici tenet dlmid' hidam p 

.V. sol'. 7 debet falcare 7 venire ad pcarias 

7 arare in veme 7 in .xl". si ht a'ialia jiicta. 
Walts de coderee cum Witro le bel fil' 7 hede 

Rob'ti le bel quem tit in custodia tenet .xl. 

acras p .iiij. sol'. 7 debet venire ad pcari 

as 7 face consuet quas fac thorn fil' ade. 
Xichol' de ho beres Gunnore vidue .xl. 

acras p .xx.d. 7 facit totum serviciura 

qod Ric fibus ade. 
Ric fil' edwini 7 Rad' fil' ailwardi 7 asce 

iina vidua tenet .xl. acras q^ndam Rin 

I'uln 7 hii tres in simul faciut in ser 

ECCLESI.^: S. PAUL! LONDIX. A.D. 1222. 77 

viciis q'^ntum Ric fiV ade . hoc addito q''d [Nastok.] 

quilib? illo2 mittet .j. bomiiie ad siccas p 
carias in aulupno . ? singii veniet ad mag 
nas pcarias cum omnib5 suis opariis. 
Henr hareng tenet .xl. acras p .vii. sol' . 7 facit 

tm servicium q'^'ntum thorn fil' ade. 
AValts fir hcnr cum iilia "? herede ade filia hu 

gonis tenet .xxv. acras p .vii. soV . ? p id' s'vic. 
Rit fil" saberni tenet .x. acras p .iij. sol' ? mit 
tit .j. homine ad siccas j5carias ? oms opario^. 
SUDS ad pcarias cvisie in autHpno ? fal 
care sic alii 1 pretea levare fenu cu suis 
parib; opariis . 7 debet .x. ova ad pascha. 
7 .i. gallina ad nathai' 7 arare scdni q"d 
ht animalia in caruca. 
Wi!1s fib* dolfini tenet .v. acras p .xviij.d. 
7 dat .V. ova ad pascha 7 .j. gallina ad na 
thai" .7 levabit fenum .no tzi falca])it . 7 arabit 

sic Ric 7 seqtur pcarias sic Ric. 
Job's fil Wiger tenet .vi. acras cu pro addita 

mto vetis essarti p .iij. sob*. Id' .ij. acras que 

funt Godrici p .ri.d. Id tenet Job's .xl. 

acras p .xii.d. 7 debet defend"e vsus rege 

oiiiia essarta decani 7 captii de pp'o bos 

CO ipozi in eod' manio qn fit regardu p 

dnm regem vi suos baillivos. 

Infius notati tenent de dominico. 

Walts de la bruer nepos Wlmari tenet .vij. 

acias de tra arabili 7 una acra prati p 

•iij. sol' 7 iiij.d. Id* tenet .x. acras q funt 

Derewine p .iij. sol', p .j. scd firir 7 seqr pear*. 
Henr fil" Ric tenet .j. acram in uno loco 

7 duas in alio p .xxix.d. 
Witts dolfin de bosco .j. acra p'^ti . p .vi.d. 
Job's fa" hug dimid* acra p^'ti p .ij.d. 
Rad' bund 7 Gilib* palmer tenet dim acra 


o ^ 


prati q"ndam suetmanni cui niclr* atti 
net p .ij. soccis '1 una auca. 
Jordan" fil" ailwardi p pro prato .ij. soccos. 
Walts til- pet'- tenet .iij. acras prati p .T. q°ndan) 

firmar p .xij.S- It' p ioh'm scdm. 
Wimarch de la bruer tenet .j. curtillagiu 

p tva q fuit edwini p uno socco. 
Job's wiger tenet .ij. acras vsus boscum 
arsum de veri essarto 7 una acra q 
vocatur haulee sub predco service. 
It idem .j. acrara n .vi.d. q'^'m tenuit Go 
dric' qui ei no attmet. 
Walts fiP hen? .iiij. acras q^ndam Ade filius 

hug p .sxvi.d. ver assart. 

Gihb' fir Wi& J Baldeve .ij. acras p xxi.d. -S | 5 -j S | 

vetus assartum. ^ :x ^ x .- ^ g 

Job' fir huz tannarii .ij. acras p .viij.d. g -^ •,■: '^- 5 f g 

vetus assartum. > •^ct^H-^tfo 

Ric cticus nepos Rad' fil' Ailwardi .vi. ac^'s c-^ ^ ^ | ^ .'g | 5 

p .iij. sol' . vetus assart. .X.**^ "c^J ^ Ir c^_^ ^ 

^ C- c 

•5 :^.^ 

o '5 

•^ - c 

Henr fil' presb'ri babes usore Rad' fil' ail 

wardi 7 filiam sua herede in custodia ,_^ _^ | ;^ ,^ ^ 

.ij. acras p .xiiij.d. vet" assart. 
Witts fir Rad' fab^ .ij. ac^-s p .viij.d^ vet' assart 
Ric fil' sab'ni .ij. ac^^s p .viij.d. vet" assart. 
Gilib' fir edwini dim acra p .ij.d. vet"' ass'". 
Editha reUcta Rad" pbri .j. mesagia p 

.ij. soccis 7 .ij.d. 
Witts fir dolfini .iij. acras p .xxv.d. t 

.j. socco de veri assarto. ^ ^^ ,^ .. ^ -^ ^^ - ^ 

Beatix- relicta Brictbmari dim acra p .vi.d. .S c j; ^ -;: -= ^-^ .^ 

Ada fir edrici .ij. ac'-s p .sii.d. 7 .iij. ganlnl^ J J ::r-^ ? 'J T ^ ^ 

Ric fir Rob", .i. mesagiu q-ndam Galfr p rzji^'^^j^^-—-^ 

.j. socco t .ij.a. — -^j^-^ t-'^'". ^ §- 

Jordanus blund" .i. mesagiu q^ndam r^ ^^ ^-^ .^ "^^ |f"-^ 

ailwini epi p uno socco p Job', firmar S4* 







■ ~ c 











r- j^ 







t/: ^ 

. ^- 



U- *^' 


Ct " 



i: c: 

^ U} > UZ ■- ^ 

ECCLESI.t S. PAULI LONDIN. A.D. 1222. '/9 

Jordan' vikere .j. curtillagium p .j.d. [Naftok.] 

Nova duica tradita p Kic ruffu '\ Joli'm prem 

1 Joh'm filiu de b'ne '1 Agnete firmaf. 
Osb'tus de la Sond' .j. acram p .iiij.d. J vocaf 

pva Wdecroft de dnio. 
Rob' fil' theodor .j. angim tre in Wattele 

p .i.d. de dnico. 
Steph's fil' AVlmari diaiid' acram tre p 

.ij.d. in crokkerelond. 
Godwin' le ster una pprestura p .ij.d. 

in bruera ante iram sua p .j.d. 
Rad' fir Sabarni una ppresturii p .ij.d. 

in bruera an traru Ricberi Sirich. 
Jordanus Viker .j. pprestura i bruer p .j.d. 
Gilib' fil' edwini .j. acra p'^'ti p .viij.d. 
Thorn fir Ade unu curtillagiu ppe bru 

era juxta tram sua p .j.d. Idem unu 

fossatu iux"" campu qui dicit^ esbart^ 

sci pauli p .j.d. 
T^'alts fil" hen? .j. mesag quod fuit Giiib' 

presbit'i p .ij.d. 
Hug de Wrotingi .j. roda p'^te i b'^deraad p .ij.d. 
Ediva vidua unu curtillagiu an tra 

suam in Tia p .j.d. 
Cecilia scarlet .j. rodam p'^te p .ij.d. 
Rad' pinik .j. curtillag p .j.d. 
Jordanus vikere dimid' acra prati de 

brademad p .iiij.d. 
Alexandr de bosco .iij. rodas de prato 

p .iiij.d. 
Henr hareng unu mesagiu p .vi.d. 

istud clamat thorn fil" ade q} ad no 

cumtum tenemti sui est, 
Gilib' palin unu curtillag p . ob'. 
Henr fiF Ric unu fossatu p , ob'. 
Witts de bosco .j. roda p"'ti in brodemad p .j.d. 


NoTa essarta. [Nastok.] 

Rad' le bunde .j. acram p .vi.d. 
Witrs de 1)osco . acram 7 dim p .viij.d. 
Job's burc] dim acra p .iij.d. 
Job's fir AViger acram 7 una roda p 

.rij.d. vsus Westbus. 
Ric fil'* Tob' .j. rodam 7 dim p .ij.d. le 

Tab' fenu 7 seqmr pcarias ad cibu dni. 
Ric fil' sabarni dim acra p .iij.d. 
Adam gentilma dim acra p .iij.d. 
Henr turimr .ij. acras 7 .i. rodam p 

.xiiij.d. 7 id* facit q"d Ric fil' Rob' fac. 
Faber .j. curtillagiu p .j.d. 
Rog's fir edmudi dim acrl p .iij.d. 
Adam capiiator .iij. acras p .xii.d. 7 

dim acram p .ij.d. 
Henr telarius acra 7 dim p .viij.d. 
Ric turnur .j. rodam p .ij.d. 
AVitts but .iij. rodas p .iiij.d. 
Bernard^ pottere .iij. rodas p .v.d. 
Henr sadde dim acra 7 .i. fossat p iiij.d. 
Alesandr de bosco .j. acra 7 dim p .viij.d. 
Rad" fir Ailwardi .j. curtillag p .i.d. 
Ric fil- ade .j. acram p .v.d. 
Walt fil' henr .iij. acras p .s viij.d. 

Id' .j. acra p .vi.d. q fuit Rad' parvi. 
Hagenild fil' molendinar .j. curtillag p .j.d. 
Ediva vidua .j. curtillag p .j.d- 
Relicta'sacerdotis dim acra p .ij.d. 
Gilib' fil' edwini dim acra p .ij.d. 7 fac id' 
quod Henr turnur s"". 

Job's fir Wiger de .iiij. acris tre de novo es 
sarto p pvam pticam .xsiij.d. ex pte 
vsus baveringe citra boscum. 
Rad' bunde unam acram p .vi.d. 
Nativi a p'ncipio. Isti tenent terras nativas operarias. 

-— Ir 





















c c« 





•?3 2 


ECCLESI.^: S. J'Al'LI LONDIN. A.D. 1222. 81 

Et scicTid' quod liuj'niodi ire defer.dut .xx. [Xaptok.] 

acras p una virgata . set hida iDanii gpu 

tabil" Qstat ex .vii.'^'' acris. 
^^"alt■ fil' lien? crici tenet .x. acras .? reddit 

duos .d'. de havedsot si domu habeat 1 '-^ 

facit duas opac qualib? sept 7 falcabit .5 c ^ ^ 

diniid' acra 7 venit ad bedernad 1. levat '^ ;= r, 'S 

fenu 1 int pentec 7 fest sci job 'is singiis 

septimanis pret opac debitas sarcla 

bit bis 7 veniet ad siccas duas pcarias. 

7 unT; ad cvisiam in autupno 7 deb? 

unu averagiu ad pedes . 7 ce quiet' de 

.ij. opac . 7 debet de qualib? acra .j. ovu. 

ad pascb' . 7 ad natlial' una gallina 

7 duob3 diebi collig'e nuces . 7 \\' oiiiia 

sii cibo dfii pret pcarias carucax 7 

autupni 7 bedemad . Id d; .iii.d. de malt 

selv in terrainis t'u firmar q"'s maiiiu ^- -r ^ -g 

reddit 7 debet calcare fenu in tasso. 'i j^."5 -g p 

Sweino de la pond' fil' godwini .x. ac'^s '« V c S • 

p idem servicium q'^d wait's. > ^— j^ ^ 

Jordan^ le fikere fil' ailwardi .x. ac'^s p '^"^ ? '= "^ 

idem §vic. Idt terra bricsi sil' .x. ac'^s p ^ — c '^ j^ 

Job'em de b"ne scdm p idem svic. in '«: I- '^ ^ 

Wimar relca Walti de la bruer tenet .x. ^ rz .- i""^ 

acras per idem serviciura. c li^ — j*^ 2 

Joh'es peter nativus tenet i bodagio u '^ -g -d '« ,i: 

nu mesuag 7 .x. ac"'s tre c ptin p ide svic. 'p ^ ''". r^, J^ 

Job's Qwik ten; unu rnesuag 7 .x. ac" s 'S *^^ c .5 

terre cu pertin p idem servic. '^ "="!;; 'p -3 

1 dnico sut .riii. ac"'s 7 dimid' 5 fi:nt . ric de = 'k 12 E — 

fonte . Roc de Wrotis ten=j de eadc .ii. ac"'s p .xviii.d. " c -^ ^ * 

"Witts kvn^ .X. ac" s p id" svic . 7 facitd nulP tenes ^ c 'c= '^ "5 

^. . . ^ .. ' B "^ ^ >- rP 

.X. ac2 q'etus erat in siccis pcarns p opere. C 9 ^ - ^ 

Ada bunde .v. ac'^s 7 opat^ q'^l, septe semel 7 se ^ t! -^ _^ 'S^ 

mel sarctat 7 falcat 7 spargit 7 habebit -^ ^ *; ^.S ^ 

dimidium panem 7 levabit . seq't'" pcarias i-^ 1 ^ ^ <ii 


autupni ? carucar si jungat animalia [Nastok.] 

? duabj dieb; usq.. ad bora nona coHigit 
nuces % facit averagiu sic Walt's . ? dat .v. 
OA-a ? .j. gallinam 7 dat .iij.d. de malt 
selver 7 debet calcare fenu in tasso. 
^^ ifl's faber .v. acras ejusd'" servicii . set p 
servicio facit ferramtum curie . 7 habebit 
p annu unu quercum. 
Cecilia scarlata .v. acras ejusd' servicii q*Jd 

Adam set riO falcat. 
Henr fil" Ric .v. ac"'s p id'" serviciu q^d Ada. 
Gilib't de mora .v, acras ejusd" svicii. 
Osb'tus til* Waldini .v. acras ejusd' >vicii. 
Ric Godwini .t. acras ejusd' servicii. 
Ediva relicta Rob'ti £]' theodorici dimid' 
acra p uno ope in quidecim dieb, 7 spar 
git fenum 7 calcat in tasso. 
Ric ciicus .XX. acras c"ndam Aihvardi de 
tra oparia . datur ei respect^ ut respode 
at de opib; quia m*^' no opatur . dies dat^ 
dies veneris sc'da p' festu sci michael". 
Rad' le bonde tenet .xx. acras 7 opat^ q'^lib? 
sept bis pret septim pasch. NathaF 
pentec .7 in iliis semel opaf .7 .xv. ave 
ragia facit ad granariu sci pauli 7 p 
quolib"? quiet^ erit de uno ope . 7 duob' 
dieb; in autupno carriat blad" ad cibu 
dni 7 duob; dieb; carriat copostu . 7 p 
quolibf carrigio . quiet^ erit de .j. ope . 7 
cotra Nath' unu plastru ducet ad curia 
de bosco ope no coputato .7 una die q'n 
quies ducet fenu hoc cOputato p .j. ope 
7 in hyeme 7 in xl^. herciabit p ope . 7 
bis qualibi septifn int pentec 7 festum 
sci joh'is bapt sarclabit alt'a die usq- ad 
nona . alta die integ"' . 7 inveniet .ij. hoTes 


ad una sicca pcariam . ? coputabif p A. [N'astok.] 

o^e . 7 ad aliam sicca pcariam unu hoiTie 

ad cibu dni ope no coputato .7 da!:)it 

.vi.d. de maltselver ad tres tminos f'mar. 

7 una gallina ad Nath" .7 .xx. ova ad 

pasch' 7 arabit acra 7 dimid' in bye 

me 7 tin in xl'\ 7 coputabitur ei p 

.iiij. opac 7 falcabit dimid' acra 7 le 

vabit 7 .ij. dieb} colbget nuces 7 in 

vi^-ib* NatbaF dabit una mina avene. 
Galfr fil'*' Aihvard .xx. ac'"s p ide svit .7 .iiij.d. redd'. 
Walt' fir Aibvard .xx. ac'^s per idem svic. 
Ada de la bell .xxx. ac" s p ide svic . ex^'' q'd ii a 

rat n' duas ac"'s ubi alii arat tres. 
Wilts campe .xxviij. ac'^s 7 tor operatuv q^l: 

septima . 7 in aliis facit quod Rad'. 
Steph's le bore .xxv. acras 7 in duab} 

sep: opatur ter . 7 dat tres d. de malt 

selver 7 arat .ij. acras. In aliis ead* fac qd' Rad". 
Gilib't paum 7 Osb"tus fil" Ric .xx. ac^'s 

7 opanf quaf quabbt septlm. In aliis 

faciunt q'^ntum Rad" bonde. 
Job's fib bug facit q'^ntum Gilib't pau 

mer 7 tenet .x. acras. 
H agenilda relicta Galfr le ster . 7 agues 

relicta Rad' fil' Ailwardi .xx. acras 7 

opantur .xv. diebs quinq^es 7 pa 

res sunt Rad' le bonde in aliis excepto 

q'^d dant duas gallinas. 

Infius notati teiites tras daot landgablm. 
Et si lint uxores .ij. denar de havedsot 

quia capiunt sup dnium boscum 7 

aqua 7 bnt exitu et si n bt uxort vl 

uxor viru dabit unum d. 
Galfr fil" aihvardi p tra q'^ndam tbeo 

do?: cui no attinet .v.d. landg. 


de havedsot .ij.d. p .J. scdm. [Nastok.I 

Rad- bunde fil' Wlwardi .v.d. de landg. 

? .ij.d. de havedsot. 
Gilib't le paum 7 osb'tus de saunde .v.d. 

de Landg 7 .iiij.u. de hav. 
AVitts fir Galfr 7 hen? fil' presbri qui tenet 

tram Ailwardi . 7 Galf? p dcm .J. .v.d. 

de Landg 7 hav. 
Walts nepos ^Yhl:lar .v.d. de landg 7 . hav. 
Adam fiV Edwini de hell .v.d. de landg 7 hav. 
Steph's hore p tra Godive cui u attinet .v. 

d. de landg 7 hav p agnete. 
Wills kempe fil" edive .v.d. 7 hav. 
Adam de Rote fil" Wlvine . hav. 
Henr le turnur .havedsot. 
Wills king fil' Rog de tia . hav. 
Adam bonde p tra derewini cui n attinet 

hav p Johm scdm. 
Wimarch vidua p tra Ed^vini cui n attinet 

havedsot :p eund". 
Jordan' vikere fil" Ailwardi hav. Id' Jord' 

p tra briksi cui h attinet . hav p agii .f '. 
Rog li sire p tra Ric de fonte . hav . p .J. scdm. 
Editha vidua p tra savarici cui no attini 

hav p .J. p^mum. 
Editha vidua p era Ailwardi cui n attin? 

hav p .J. scdm. 
Jordanvis blund^ p . tra Edwini epi . hav p 

.J. scdm . set no est ibi mesagiu. 
Osb'tus nepos Godwini .hav. 
Rad' pinik p tra Galfr scarlet cui no atti 

net . h'a . p .J. primum. 
Witts de bosco p tra dolfini cui h attinet 

. hav . p .J. primum. 
Ric mai p . tra Alfilde cm n attinet hav. 

p .J. scdm. 


Ric fil' Sat)!ii p tra niach tilde ha v. [Nastok.] 

"Witts fab fil" aldithe . hav. 
Ric clicus nepos Rad. hav. 
Godeff fir Ric' niolendin . liav. 
H enr fil' Ric S\vein . liav. 
Gililr't fil" Edwini porcar . hav. 
Gilib-tfil" Baldeve .hav. 
Mesagiu q'~'ndam Gilib'ti gaudiu vacuu est. 
Osb'tus nepos Gilib'ti poi , hav. 

Isti reddunt Wardpeni. 

Waif's fil" theodor .ii.d. 

Adam fil' edwini .ii.d. 

A'N'itts king .ii.d. 

Heres Bele .ii.d. 

Thorn fil" Ade .ii.d. 

Nichol' del ho .ij.d. 

Rad' Bonde .ij.d. 

Walt's fil' Pet' .ij.d. 

jyRobt fih" theodor reddet .v.d. set Job's de bne 

ignorat ex qua causa debeantur. 
j[Villat.a solvit regi ad curia de havering'^ ab 

antiquo .xvi.d. p comunitate pastoragii. 
(j'Oms qui faciunt averagia 7 carragia petut 

ad carros suos de bosco canonicot scii de 

Carmo^ . Moellos 7 Jantes 7 Wdericht 9'^" Na 

thale ? juratores dicunt q"d iliud debet hre. 

Inquisico fca in manio de chingef" p Rob"m decaii 
hen? can cellar pet^ thesaur existete firmar . anno 
.ij. p^ transtom b'i thorn m'^ris Cantuar arcliiepi. 
Nomina ju^ Maiiium de Chingeford 

Wilts fiedt pposit^ defendit se p .v. hidis 

Gihb'tus de monast'io nuc tempore Rob'ti de 

Jotles pottere cani sic antiquit' J libe 

Ric Brirahese rum est 7 quietu de se 

Aihvinus picot eta bundredi de Wat 

Edward' clekere ham 5 dimid' marca. 


Walt's Brichtraari q^m solvit abbati de Wat [Chingekokd.] 

Reigner^ fil' tovi. ham decan^ 7 capitim sf 

villata illam aq'etat . postqm cOcordia fca fu 

it int ipos in curia dni henr tcii reg Angl'. 

Ricardo tuc abb'e de Watham . qua dimid' 

marca reddunt abb'i ad pascha f ad fest'. 

Sci Michael 1 pre tea p eadem cocordiam 

veniet Bailliv^ manii cum duob} hoib5 

ville ad duo lagehundred" sicut cotinef 

in cyrographo fee in curia dhi regis . de 

placito secte hundredi q'^'d fuit int pdcos 

abbate 7 decanu ? capitim. In diiico 

sut novies viginti acre tre arabil' ? dece 

7 octo 7 diraid' acre prati in uno loco 7 

in alio loco septe acre una virga min" 

q^d vocatur Risset prati falcabil' 7 de pa 

stura ad boves septe acre q rocanf dok 

kemers 7 in alio loco .xi. acre q voca 

tur sumerlese . It" ibidem est de bosco ve 

stito p estimatoem una hida . It' ibid' est 

una g"'va ppe curiam cotinens tres ac"'s p 

estimatoem bn vestita . Ibid' possunt 

ee in stauro dece vacce cij suis fetibus 7 

urr taurus 7 centu ores cu suis masclis 

7 quiq., sues cu suis fetibus 7 uno verro. 

Ibid' possunt ee septe eque cu suis fetib}. 

Wainnagiu dnici pot fieri cu una caruca 

bona cu sex equis 7 quatuor bob, . 7 uno 

equo herciatore 7 sciend' q^d onis tenetes 

ejusd" villate debet quater venire p an 

nu ad pastum dni ad pcarias carucar . 

illi scil qui carucas hnt p se vl junctas 

cu aliis 7 qui nilm istos bent p ordi 

naconera servietis vi Bedelli curie 

claudCt sepes vt h'modi . Idc eciam debet 

venire ad duas pcarias in autumpno 

ECCLES^I.t S. PAULI LONDIN. A.D. 1222. 87 

ad pastum dru semel cum cuisia 7 se [Chingeford.] 

mel sine cervisia. 
rGilib't de ecctia tenet diraid" virgatfi t're 

p .iiij. sol' 7 f consuetudies supius no 

tatas . pret quas debet herciare duab} 

vicili^ in .XL^. si equu habeat ext'^" caruca 

7 serael sive habeat sive no . 7 hoc sn cibo 

7 potu . habebit tii de Granario arena 

ad equij suura scit q'^'ntum cOtinet duo 

pugilli. Idem ecia debet una die sarcLare 

ad duos past^ dni sine cuisia 7 una die 

falcare ad duos past^ cum cuisia 7 una 

die levare fenii 7 una die portare sii pastu 

7 ad maiTias pcarias debet venire cum 

omibus opariis dora' sue 7 ad nuces colli 

gedas debet invenire unu homine sri 

pastu una die. 
rSimo de la hache tenet dimid" ^•i^gata 

tre p id" servic in denariis 7 Qsuetudib;. 
Wilis de la hache ppositus fib" Ailwardi te 

net q'^rtam ptem uni^ virgate p .ij. sol' 

et facit easde 9suetudines qs Gilib'tus. 
Reign er^ nl' tovi tenet q'^'rtam ptera uni^ 

virgat€ p .ij. soF 7 p servic q*^d Gilib'tus. 
Ric brunhese tenet q'^rtam pte uni' v'gate 

p .ij. so? 7 facit id' servic q"d Gilib'tus. 
Ordgar^ fil' Gihb'ti tenet .v. acras p petr 

thesaur quas q'^ndam tenuit Gilib't pr 

Golding 7 reddit .xviij.d. 7 facit id' servic' 

q'^d Gilib'tus 7 decidit reddit^ antiq' duoz 

sol' ad temp' ppt debilitate tre. Id' Ordgar^ 

tenet .viii. acras quas q'-'ndam tenuit Gilib't^' 

pat suus 7 reddit .ij. sol' 7 facit cosuetudi 

nes quas Gilib'tus. 
Witts fir Brichtniar tenet .viij. acras p 

.ij. sol' 7 facit cosuetudines quas Gilib'tus. 


Walt's Brichtmar ? Job's Blund^ tenent .viii. [Chingeford.] 

acras quas q'^ndam tenuit Reginaldus 

carpentari' avunctus eo^ p "Waltum fir 

mariu ? reddunt .ij. sol'. ? faciunt easd' 

consuetudines quas Gilib'tus. 
Job's fib" Godefr tenet .viij. acras p .ii. sol". 

et facit easde cosuetudines quas Gilib'tus. 

Id* tenet dimid* acram p .ii.d. 
Au^ustinus de purtebal" £1' Godefr de la 

lee tenet .viij. acras p .ii. sol'. 7 facit con 

suetudines quas Gilib'tus . Idem tenet 

.iiij. acras ppe boscum q vocanf lam 
■ petlee p .xij.d. sn aliis c5suetudinib' 

nee eas debet. 
Serlo le Rat tenet .viij. acras p Walt'm 

firmar quas q^ndam tenuit Rob' Nores' 

cui nich' attinet 7 reddit .ij. sol". 7 facit 

consuetud' quas Gilib'tus. 
Adam fil" Ailwardi tenet .viij. acras p .ij. 

sol'" 7 fac consuetud' q^s Gilib'f. 
Ailwin^ picot tenet .viij. acras p .ij. sol'. 

7 fac consuetud' quas Gilib'"t'. 
Baldewinus fil" Gerardi tenet dimidia 

virgata .iij. acris min" 7 reddit .iij. sol' 

7 .viij.d. 7 facit con suet quas Gilib't'. 
Adam fil* Gilib'" tenet .viij. acras quas q^n 

dam tenueriit . duo Gilib' scit le clekre 

7 pvus p .ij. sob*. 7 fac 9suet qs Gilib'. 
Saeva vidua tenet unij raesagiu p Walt 

firmar p .vi.d. 7 venit ad fenu portandu 

7 ad mannas pcarias in autupno. 


Ailwin' picot 7 Rogus potte'' tenet .viij. ac'"s 

p Waltm firmar quas q^ndam tenuit ail 

■ward' novus bo 7 reddjt .ij. sol*. 7 facit c5 

suet' quas Gilib'tus. 
It" Walt's Bricbtmar tenet .viij. acras p 


Waltm firraar quas q'^ndam teiiuit Rad" [CuiNGEroRn.] 

niath'i cui nich' attinet ? reddit .ij. sol" 7 fac 

consuet quas Gilib'tus. 
Job's alb; tenet .viii. acras ]] Walt'm firmar 

quas q'^ndam tenuit Ric Brunig cui jiich' 

attinet 7 reddit .ij. sol" . 7 facit consuet' 

quas Gilib'tus. 
Id Job's unu mesagiu 7 una acram 

quas q^ndam tenuit Ailward' \epi-r' cui nU 

attinet ^ cunde firmar 7 reddit .viij.d. 

7 debet venire ad fenu portand''7 ad magnas 

pcarias in autupno. 
Saeva vidua tenet p eunde firmar tres 

acras tre quas q^ndam tenuit Golding 7 

reddit .xviij.d. 7 facit consuet quas Gilib' 

pret qd' n invenit homine ad h"ciand'. 
It in dnico sut .viij. acre ejusde servicii q^s 

qi^ndam tenuit Godefrid' de purtebal' que 

vocatur catteslee. 

Inferius notati tenent tras opabiles. 
Job's pottere 7 Ailwinus picot tenent .viii. 
acras p Walt'm firmar quas q^ndam tenu 
it Ric novus bo cui nicb" attinet. Isti debet 
una opaconem ofni septimana p annum 
secdm dispositoem servietis \i bedelU 7 pret b' 
duas opacones in autupno de supplus . 7 debt 
arare una roda 7 dimid' in hyeme 7 verb'are 
seme de blado dni 7 seminare 7 b'ciare 7 ee 
quiet' de una opacone 7 debet arare una ro 
dam 7 dimid' in xl^. 7 quiet^ ee de una opaco 
ne 7 semel b'ciare 7 invenire unu bomine 
ad sarctand' ad cibum dni 7 falciend' similr. 
set opa sua debet pret bedemad sine cibo . 7 
debet levare fenij 7 invenire q"''rtam ptem 
carri ad fenu portand' 7 unu Ijomine ad sic 
cas pcarias ad cibum diii 7 bgare 7 venire 


ad magnas pcarias cu opariis suis ? inveni [Chingeford.] 

re unu hominc ad nuces coUigedas 7 debet por 
tare lond' ad Granariu canonicoz .ij. fa^ do 
arena ? dare una Ga;lina .iiij.d. 7 q" de malt 
selver 7 ee quiet^ de duab5 opac 7 dare .ij.d. 
de Wdeselver 7 ee quiet" de .ij. opac 7 .iij.d. 
ob" de averselver eo q*^d bo debeat longius 
averare q^m ad Granariu sci pauli . et die 
sci thome ap'li debet portare ad curia di 
midiu bussellu de brasio avene de suo 
ppio 7 dimid' gallinl 7 invenire q'"rtain r.te 
carri una die ad portand' una carratam de 
bosco 7 boscii illud scindere 7 ponere sup tra 
bes ad curia 7 ee quiet^ de dirnid' opac 7 
q'^'rtam ptem plumbi ad pascha debet 
.viij. ova 7 ee quier septim pasch. Na 
thai". Pentecosf". 
Walt's Brichtmar 7 Job's Blund^ tenent .viij. 

acras p maria relicta Walt'i firmar p 
id' serviciu q'^'d faciunt Job's 7 ailwinus. 
In diiico sunt .viij. acre ejusdc servicii quas 

q<^ndam tenuit sabam^ ailwin' fortis. 
Job's Walkelmi tenet .viij. acras ejusde servi 

cii p .XXX. d. p P. thesaur firmar quas 

q'^ndam tenuit Sabarnus. 
In dnico sunt .viij. acre ejusde servicii quas 

q*^ndam tenuit tovi. 
It in dnico sut .v. acre ejusde servicii quas 

q"ndam tenuit Rob' carpentarius . Postmo 

du ailwinus filius suus. 

Isti faciut minutas opacones q inf ius notant'". 
Rogus berkari^ tenet .v. acras p Walt'm firmar 

quas q'^'ndam tenuit costantin^' cui nich' attim. 
Adam fil' Gilib'ti fil" Edv/ardi tenet .v. acras. 
Job's pottere tenet unu hocu p ob'. 
Ric Brunbes tenet .v. acras ejusde servicii 

ECCLESJI.E S. PAULl LONDIX. A.)). 1222. 91 

quas qondam lenuet brulics. [Chingeford.] 

In dnico sunt .v. acre ejusde servicii quas 

q'^'ndam tenuit Ailwiir'. 
Edward' fil Gilib'ti tenet .v. acras ejusd' svic 

OS q^'odam tenuit Aluric' cui no attinet. 
AViits le teg tenet a .v. acras ejusd* s'vicii 

q'" s q'^ndam tenuit aluric^ pdcs cui ii attin"?. 
Roe's le Bret tenet .v. acras q='.s q-'ndam te 

nuir Gilib'tus pvus. Iste debet omi septim 

p ann": .j. opac ? in autupiio oiTii septiin 

.ij. opac 7 iavare eves 7 bre Wa-jiibelolces. 

ad pasch' .v. ova . una die sarculare 7 una 

die falcare 7 invenire unu houiiiie nd le 

vand' fenu . unu hominc sup muUione 

faciend' 7 unu horuine ad siccas pcarias 

7 ligare q''Jd nietierit 7 venire ad magna^ 

pcarias cum opariis suis 7 invenire unu 

honnnc ad coUigedas nuces 7 debet porta 

re ad scm paulu 7 ee quiet^ ab opac. 

Isti tenent de essartis veteribus. 
Walr' Bricbtmar tenet una acram p .vij.d. 

q'"m tenuit Reinnald' carpntar. 
Augustin' nepos Godefr de la lee tenet duas 

acras p .sii.d, 
Witis forestari' fil" Bricbtmar tenet unam 

acram p .vij.d. 
J oil's alb" t€net unu mesagiu p .vi.d. q^d 

dim tenuit ailward' lepsus 7 ediva uxor ei^. 
Adam Ram fil" ailwardi tenet .i. mesag p -ij.d. 
Rob* faber cu relictii pottarii .j. acra p .xiii.d. 
Ailwinus fil' picot dimid' acra p .vij.d. 
Serlo una acram 7 dimid" p .iiij.d. p M. 

relictam W. firmar. 
"\A alt's faber duas acras p .xii.d. p petrum 

thesaurar firmar. 
Job's blund' .ij. ac^s p .xv.d. p A^'. firmar. 


Rog'" faber .j. acra p .vij.d. p Will'm firmar. [Chingevord.] 

Maria vidua tenet .xxiij. acras quas %'ir suu- 

essartavit p .iij. sol'. 
Sciend' quod in isto n"ianio hida tre constat 

ex .iiij. rirgatis . virga au ex .xxx. acris. 

Acra au ex quadragita pcatis in longitud' 

7 .iiij. in latitud' . pertica au ex .xvi. pedib, 

J dimid'. 
Reddit au istud manium capit'lo duas fir 

mas plenas cum quadragenis solidis 7 

una raarca de novo cremcto tempe Rob'ti 

decani quando Pet' tnesaur cepit ce firmari^. 
Id' juratores dicut q' c boscum pejoratu e 

tepore pet' thesaur firmar .xxxiiij. sol' 

in vendicone f'ca p Gilib"m de arch'. 
Id" dicunt q'd tre de novis essartis que tra 

dunf utiliter posite sut. Id" dicunt q'd 

edificia meliorata sut in dimid' marca 

set melioratio ilia supta fuit de vet'ib;, 

edificiis q detiorata sunt in .v. sol'. 

Isti tenent de noris essartis. 
Maria vidua tenet .xij. acras p .iij, sol' tpe 

Robti decani p pticam .xxiiij. ped". 
Job's blund^ acra 7 dimid' p .vi.d. p petrQ 

thesaur firmar. 
Adam Ram .j. acram p .iii.d. p eund'. 
Rob' faber .j. acram p .iiij. a. p eund'. 
Galfr Guiun .j. acram 7 dimid' p .vi.d. 

p Joh'm de Bardenei servients capitti. 
Walt faber acram 7 dimid' p .ix.d. p eund'. 
AViits picot acram 7 dimid' p .vi.d. p eund'. 

Inquisico fc'a in manio de Suttone magro ph' [Suttom;.] 

de baddam existete firmario. 
Nomina jurato^ Juratores dicunt qM 

Jell's de sutton pposir. manium istud defe 

Joh's fir pagani. dit se vsus regc f/ tribj 

Walt's cheles. hidis pret solanda de 

Gilib" ill' edwardi Chesewicli q p se het 

Adam fil' Gilib'. - duas hidas .1 sunt 

"Wlnod' fil' edwini. geldabiles cu hidis de 

Gilib' de scalari. . sutton .? est lib'um 

Everard' fil' turb'ti. 7 quietu ab oirii sec 

Giiib' fib" Nicholai. ta comitat' 1: hundre 

di 1 alioz q spf^tant ad dnm rege in capite 

vi suos balllivos. In dnico sunt decies vigi 

ti acre J .x. de tra arabili . J in prato .xvi. 

acre . ? in bosco satis bn vestito circif qua 

dragita acre . ? nunier^ acrar de pastura 

ignoratur . set sufficit ad .xii. boves 7 q"'tuor 

stottos . 7 .X. vaccas . 7 ad sescies viglti . 7 .x. 

oves. Potest Wainnagiu fieri cu .xii. bob' 

7 quatuor stottis cum cOsuetudinib} villate. 

Isti tenent de dominico. 
Rob't fir theobaldi tenet .ij. acras p cu 

filia Gilib'ti fil' Salvi qui fuit feodat' p theo 

doricum firmar . respondet infr"" de censu 

cum aliis terris. 
Adam fil' Gilib'ti .iij. acras lib'atas Goldhauek 

avo suo p eundem. 
Liecia relicta Wifti junioris .ij. acras lib'atas 

p eunde Wlgaro telt. 
Gilib' fil' Alurici una goram p .ij. soccis . 7 

diraidiam acra p .ij.d. 
Joh's faber .j. mesagiTi in bruera p .ij.d. p 

Rad' de diceto decanum. 
Rad' de twiverd' .ij. ac"'s p .viii.d. p oini svico. 
Witts de putleshangr .j. acram p .xij.d. 7 


seqr oms pcarias . '7 semel sarclat 7 semel le rsu-noxE.] 

vat ? spargit in praturn. 

Isti teneut de tra assisa. 
Gilib' nl' Xicholai tenet tres virgatas in qs 

Gilib" avus suus huit ingressu p tlieodoric 

firaaar . ? m° reddit p iUis .xxx. sol'. ? debet .ij. 

acras in hieme arare ? duas in .xl^. 7 semi 

nare de seraine dni o/d recipiet de curia 

dni 7 portabit in campu . 7 hciabit easd" 

7 inveniet .ij. homines cu falcib3 ad cibu 

dni "^ .ij. homines ad levaiid" fenurn sri 

cibo .7 duos homines uno die 7 alios du 

OS alio die ad sarcland' ad cibum diii se 

mel in die . 7 invenier duas carectas vt 

unu plaustru ad fenu ducendu ad cibu 

dni .7 invenit tres homines ad quaslib? 

pcarias . 7 una die nagellare cij duob} ho 

minib; firma portanda lond" ad unum 

pastu dni . 7 invenit duos saccos ad utra 

q., firma . 7 ducet fimum de curia duob; 

dieb; quolibt die cu duab} carectis ad 

cibum dni 7 quatuor carectatas addu 

cet de bosco ad curia sine cibo 7 dat .ij. 

gallinas 7 viginti ova. 
Rog^s fil* hen? .j. rirgata cum insula p""ti 

p .xij. sol". 7 invenit .iij. homies ad qs 

lib? pcarias .7 quicq'd avene metent 

colliget 7 ligabunt sine cibo. 
Witts fii" turstani .j. virgata p ,vi. sol'. 

7 .ij.d. 7 debet una die falcare ad cibu 

dni . 7 mitte ad pcarias cvisie oihs opari 

OS 7 tenentes suos ad cibum dhi. 
Una virgata q'^ndam Baldewini est in do 

minico supius coputata. De eadc tenet 

Adam hV Gilib'ti .j. acram p'^ti p .x.d. 7 in 

venit una falce 7 una carecta ad fenu ad cilnl dni. 


Job's de Lamhurfi tenet .xi. acras 7 dimid' [Sxttone.I 

acra p"'ti p .v. sol" ? .iiij.d. p carta capitti. 
Id' tenet dimid' virgata q"ra emit de h'edi 

b; pfati Baldewini ? reddit .xxx.d. 7 ,x. 

d. de dono . 7 invenit ad q^^mlib? sicca pea 

riam unu homine 7 ad pcarias c'visie duos. 
Id' una acra in sanfeld ? dim acra p'^te p .viij.d. 
Una A-irgata tre de q** contetio est inV Gvasiu 

7 Wittm 7 firmarii] suu de dnico tpe 

theodorici firmarii nuquam antea di 

visa ab alio dnico q^m ide theodoric' dedit 

agneti mat' Gvasii de Breinford tenenda 

p .V. sol' ad vitam sua , Requisiti juratores 

si unq'^^'m audier'it aliqm de pdecessorib} 

"\Mtti forestarii jus Suisse in pdca v^gata 

vi ipra "WilFm petente tram ilia aliquo 

jure usq, nuc ultimo qii implacitavit Ger 

vasiu dicunt qd no. Dicut ecia q^'d Godefr 

fil" mabilie fir agnetis qui aliqii clama 

vit tram illam sup Gvasiu aliud jus n5 

babuit . set pax fca fuit int eos tarn ab 

tra ista q""m de ilia q"'m tenet de epo . ita qd 

Gvasius teneret tota vita sua . 7 ipe Gode 

fridus succederet ei eo mortuo. 
De .XV. acris quas q°ndam tenuit edwin^ 

de fonte .xiij. sunt dnico. 
Rogus del Gord tenet acra ? dimid" 7 pva 

pastura p .ij. sol* p Alexandr fir mar de ead'. 
Beat'x relicta sagrim pinke acram 7 .j. 

rodam p .iij. soF p eundc 7 invenit ad 

q'^mlib^ pcariam .j. homine 7 dat .j. galiina. 
Saledus una acra 7 .j. mesag p .xxviij.d. 7 

una falce ad p"'tum 7 invenit ad q"'mbbi 

pcariam .j. homine de ead'. 
Job's de lamburn acra 7 dimid'" prati de ead' p .xviij.d. 
Liecia filia Gilib"ti tenet .xv. acras p .iiij. sol'. 


7 .viij.d. ? .v.d. de raaltseh"" ? .xv.d. [Suttone.) 

de dono . J invenit unu homine ad fal 
cand' 7 unu ad fenu levand' 1 cariad' 
7 unu homine ad singtas pcarias . 7 ca 
riare blad' 7 ducere fimu . 7 dat .j. galli 
nam 7 .xv. ova. 
Godman' nepos lefwardi dim virg p .xxx. 
d. 7 de maltselv' 7 .x.d. de dono 7 de 
bet arare .ij. acras 7 seminare 7 h'ciare 
ut alii .una falce ad p"'tum 7 .j. ho)em 
ad levand' fenu 7 portand" 7 unu hoTem 
ad siccas pcarias . 7 .ij. ad pcarias cvisie 
7 alias opac . Id tres acras p .xij.d. p 6i svic. 
Wlnothus fir edvrini dim virg p .xxx.d. 
7 .iij.d. de maltselv' .7 .x.d. de dono 7 
opatur cum cetis. 
J oil's faber dim virg p .xxx.d. q^nda 
alurici cui ii attinet p Alex fir mar 
7 .iij.d. de maltselv* 7 .viii.d. de do 
no 7 alias opac quas Godmann'. 
Gilib' fir algot dim virg p .xxx.d. 7 .v. 
d. de maltselv" 7 .x.d. de dono 7 alias 
opac ut Godmannus. 
Edward^ fil' turb'ni dini virg p -xxx.d. 
7 .v.d. de maltselv' . 7 .x.d. de dono 7 
.ij.d. de Wardpeni. 
Job's fil' pagani dim ^-irg . p .xxx.d. 7 
.v.d. de maltselv' 7 .x.d. de dono 7 .ij.d. 
de Wardpeni 7 oms opac pt arura 7 
ppt hoc tondet oves 7 agnos . 7 metit 
])isa dnici . Id' Job's b't dim virg cu fi 
lia Ric fir Wluredi p id' servic . adjecto 
q*^'d arat .ij. acras 7 seminat 7 Iv'ciat 
set n tondet oves ppt ista. 
Wigod cu filia Ric dim virg p .xxx.d. 
7 .v.d. de maltselv' . 7 .viij.d. de dono 

ECCLESI.^E S. I'ATLI LOXDIV. A. P. 1222. 9} 

7 -ij-d. de Wardpeiii .? alias opac ut Godmaiiir. [Svttont;.] 

Gunilda relicta Rob* fil' selidi dim virg p 

.xsx.d. "l .v.d. de maltselv" ? .x.d. de dc^iio 

? alias o^.ac pret arura . set. tuiidet uves . J 

metit pisa. Eade lit una via p .i.d. 
Adam nepos Goldhauek .viij. acras de quih^ 

tres sunt de diiico sup"" . p .xxxij.o. ? .xii. 

3. de dono . de maltselv' .ij.d. 7 ob' . 7 inve 

nire .j. homine ad p'^'tuni 7 ad 6s pcarias , 

7 tondet oves 7 metit pisa 7 una careta 

tam bosci 7 alias opac. 
Giiib'" fir edwardi .viij. acras p id servic. 
Gunilda relicta edgari .v. acras p .xx.d. 

7 .ii.d. 7 ob' de maltselv' 7 .v.d. de dono 

7 .j. ho'iem ad p'^'tum 7 ad oiris pcarias. 
Rob' fip theodbaldi cu filia Gilib'ti .v. ac^'s 

q'^rum due sut de diiico sup"' p .xxix.d. 

7 .i.d, de maltselv' 7 .ij.d. 7 ob' de dono. 
Walt' fil* Job'is liog unu mesag"* 7 ,ij. ac'^s ^ 

p .ij. sol' 7 .vi.d. p opatonib; vl opatur. > _ 

Gilib" fir aldithe 7 Alanus cu filius filie ^" g 

Godman .v. acras p .xx.d. de dono .viij. ji. t; 

d. de maltselv' .ij. 7 ob' . 7 opac ut tra edgari. ^' " 

Job's de lamburn tenet .vi. acras q'^ndam "• ^ . 

Wlurici 7 qui; acras q^ndam Baldewini -"x ::f» ^ 

p cartam capitii noiatas sup"". !5 ^ '£ 

Walt' cbeles .ip acras p .iij. sol" 7 venire ,r z ^ 

ad precanas. :_ ^ c 

Giiib' Arnulf' 7 lefiilda .iij. acras 7 dim ^' "c ^. 

p .xviij.d. 7 .i.d. de dono 7 .iij. q'" de maltselv'. "^ "^ t 

=^Bricbtnotbus fd' Godman .v. acras p .xv. "" "• — 

d. 7 p gviciu Godefridi . Isti duo . Gilib'. 

7 Brichtnoth' ad pcarias siccas quilib? 

scii invenit .j. bomine . 7 ad pcarias 

cvisie quilib'f .ij. homines . 7 tondent 

oves . 7 metunt pisa . 7 ducut boscum. 



J illi duo faciut carruin ad fimu . 7 ad [Suttone.] 

fen a ? ad bladii carriand" . ? quilibt dat 

qulqiie ova 7 quilib? unit gallina. 
Henf de hathe 7 Gunilda relicta sagrim 

diiri virg p .xxi.d. 7 de dono .v.d. 7 de 

maltselv' .ij. 7 oW . 7 opatur sicut pro 

tan to terre. 
Gilib' 7 Edwardus tenuerut .iiij. acras 


p .iii. sol", p omni service | modo Ger 
vasius de Brainford cu virgata q est 
in contencone 7 reddit canonicis .ij. 
sol'. 7 reci]:)it .xij. ultra illas recupavit 


du inoreref NichoF Arcli' firmar. 
Isti sunt operarii. 


jT Alicia relicta henr piscatoris qui ea re 


cepit relictam ppt pauptatem | Magr 

ph'. de hadha tenet .v. ac.'-as 7 debet 

opaconem^una oirii septimana p an 

nu 7 invenire .j. bomine ad oms p 

carias 7 .v.d. de dono . 7 .ij.d. 7 ob'. de malt 

selver 7 alias opatones scdm .v. acras. 
Lieveva filia Godwin! .v, ac"'s p id' sviciu. 
Agnes relicta Godmani .v. ac"'s p ide gviciu. 
Edmund' fil' vitalis .v. ac'^s p ide sviciu. 
Gilib' fir Rogi .V. acras p ide serviciu. 
Rob" fil' theodbaldi .v. ac'^'s p id' sviciu. 
Witts fib" Turstani .v. acras p custodia bosci 

in qua no bt jus hereditaria n^ p eo aliq'd 

ostendit aliquo tpe . tempore au decani 

Rad' pdidit turstanus dcs quinq ac'^s 

n^ eas tempore suo recupavit . set foresteria 

dirhissa fuit ei 7 habuit p stipcdiis p 


annu .xsviij.d. 7 a q^iq, acre assise funt 
Joli'i fabro p .xxviij.d. postmod" tepore 
alardi decani pposita qstione Wifto fil' 
turstani utru vellct eas bereditarie 


vel ex gra reliabere . recepit ilks ex gra [Draitone.] 

? petite Waraiito ntrm exlnbuit vt no 
luit exhibere . It id" tenet una acram 
de essarto p -ij-d. 
Galfr fil" Ailwini .viij. acras de essarto 
pro .xri.d. 

Iiiquisito fca in raanio de ciraitoii Rog de 

Wigornia existete firmario. 
XoTa iiirato^. Manium istud defe 

Herevicus hobi. dit se vsus regem p 

T\ iSs filius crici. .viij. Lidis cu una 

Rob'tus hobi. hida de solande . q tn 

Hug fil' Witii. no geldat cij aliis 

Job's fir Nigelli. nisi qn comuniter 

Rad' pasture!. fiut exaccones p hi 

GiUb' fil' derema. das . est libum 7 q'e 

Rob" fib" hugonis, turn ab oirii secta 

hundredi 7 comirat' 7 alios q sp^tat 

ad diini rege in capite 7 suns bail 

livos. In dnico sut sexcies 7 vlgiti 7 

.X. acre de tra arabili 7 de prato circit 

•xri. acre p divsa loca 7 circit .viij. 

acre de pastura bourn. Ibid' possut ee 

quinquagita ores in instauro . 7 .v. 

vacce 7 unus taur^ 7 .xij. porci 7 uu' 

verrus . potest Wainagiu curie fieri 

cu una caruca octo capita simi cu 

consuetudinib} villate. Dicut ecia 

juratores q^d emdatum est manium 

p Rog de Wigornia firmar ad valen 

cia dimidie marce. In dnico est mo 

lendinu sup colebrok . q^'d pot poni ad 

firma p .xl. sol" . salvis custafntis. 

v'gata isti' ville cotinet .xvi. ac'*'s 

Isti tenent de dominico. 
O sgod' nepos lefv.'ini tenet unu meijag 


cu dimid' acra . 7 opatur q'^lib? septim"' p [Draytone.] 

annij semel 7 bet in autupno .viij. gar 

bas frumti de blado dni. 
Ranulf' fir Rrinulli unfi niesag cu piscaria 

7 una croftam p .iij. sob . ? invenit una 

falce ad p'^tum falcand* 7 una furca. 
Gilib' fib" edvvardi .j. inesag 7 .j. acra p .xii. 

d. 7 pot' poni ad opacones 7 est tra opalDib 

ut tra osegodi. 
Herevic' bolii tenet dimid' virgata p .xviij. 

d. q'ndani Walti oscgod cui n attinet p 

firmarios 7 sic dicit p alard' decaii . Menior. 
Adam fib Rob'ti mcatoris .j. mesag 7 dim 

acram p .xij.d. data ei in escambiii p 

placia ubi gragia 7 gardinu §t ext'^ porta. 
A^ itis mangant dimid" acra p .ix.d. q'^nda 

Willi sutoris cui no attinet p R. de Wigorn. 
Rob' hobi .j. acram de essarto p .vi.d. q"n 

darn Rob'ti . una acra q'^m q°ndam te 

iiuit idc Rob" p ob" . est in dnico. 
Teodoric' fii' AJditbe .j. acram p .xii.d. 7 seqr 

pcarias 7 . semel in autr^pno anno flagellat 

semen 7 sarclat 7 aba opa pret aratura 

7 averagiu . si tn ht caruca arabit 7 fac 

sicut osegodus . s"". 
Rob' fil* lef\^'ini .j. croftam p .xij.d. ))o 
opatur 7 unu mesag q^ndam Aiuredi. 
Rob" palmeri' fib liersent .ij. acras 7 ununi 

mesag p .xij.d. 
Ranulf' de niora .j. croft-am p .vi.d. 
H ereveius junior dimid' acram q"ndam suo 
iiiide sine servicio quia escambiata est 
p aba diniid" acra mag competcti q est 
i;i dnico p R. de Wigorii 7 cosuevit red 
(iere de acra escambiata .iiij.d. 
^Val^s molendiiiari' j. mesag . 7 .iij. acras 

ECCLESl/E S. PAILI L(J.Nr»IN. A.I). 1222. 101 

p .iij. sol', p Rob'tum simplice . 7 postinrid' [Draytonf..]- 

p captm ad vita suam ut dicit '? p^ poni ad 

opaconem sic tra osegodi. 
Rad' pasturel .ij. acras p .xii.d. p tbeodoric 

iirmar . It una jdacia an porta sua p .vi.d. 
Ric fil* Golde acraui ? dim p .xviij.d. cu 

sun mes?g p liob'm siraplice . 7 est tra 

unahir sic tra Osegodi. 
Roh' de fute .j. niesag p .xij.d. p Rob'tum 

decanum J captm. 
Wilis fir theod."^rici uria acrii tre arabil" . 7 du 

as p'^'te p .iii. sol", p Rob' decan 7 caphn. 
Hug hugelini .j. placia de coinuni past^'a. 

p .vi d. Id* .ij. acras p .ij.d, n Ro1r* simplice. 
Petr^ de scala'-i .j. placiam p .xnij.d. p A. dec. 
Ranulf'' de mora una placia p .vi.d. p q"m 

fuit trasitus bou ad curiam. 
l?ad" fd' presbri urixi mesag 7 una placia 

p .viij.d. Id' diroid* acram infra septa cu 

rie sue 7 extra curia suam, in mora una 

acram 7 dimid" tre aralnl' ad austru p .xii.d. 

p decanu 7 caplm . quas clamavit Rob' h()l)i 

tenere c7: alia tra sua . 7 sub p'stino service. 

set capitim ei hoc negavit quia plus ha 

]")uit quam defendat. 
Wilis poer .ii. acras p .vi.d. 
Emma relicta fuUonis .j. placia p .xii.d. 
Ric faber .j. mesag 7 .j. croftam p .xij.d. 
Matiti relicta Ric .una crofta p .xij.d. 
Alditha relicta coci .j. placiam p .xii.d. 
Galfr Grai una placiam p -ij-d. 
y saac fiP ^^ alt'i ana gorani p .xij.d. 
De curia de h'emudeswrthe p ductu a'q p 

tram sci pauli .ij. sol". 
Edmund^ pasture! una acram p .viij.d. 


Isti tenent de ira assisa. [Draytonk.] 

Galfr Grai tenet una virgata p .iiij. sol'. 
Hug hugelini 7 ysaac .ij. v^gatas ? dim p .x. sol'. 
Ranulf^ piscator .j. virgata p .iiij. sol'. 
Rob' hobi .j. hidam dim virg min^ p .xiiij. sol'. 
Rob' de fonte dimid' virg p .ij. sol'. 
Galfr de fonte dimid" virg p .ij. sol'. 
Rog moledinari^ .j. virg p .iiij. sol'. 
Ric fir edwardi cum filia Wluiet dim v'g p ,ij. s'. 
Walt's poer .j. ^-irg p .iiij. sol'. 
Hug fir Ric .j. virg p .iiij. sol'. 
Witts fir ctici dimid' hidam ? unu mesagiu 

p octo sol'. ? .vi.d. 
Gunilda relicta rog'i .j. virg p .iiij. sol'. 
Job's fil' Nigelli .j. virg p .iiij. sol'. 
Wifts fil' Aluredi difn virg p .ij. sol'. 
Rob' fil' Kveneve una virg p .iiij. sol", cui^ 

medietas fuit Rob' hobi. 
Herevei^ iunior fil' Walti .j. virg p .iiij. sol'. 
Rad' pasturel .j. virg p .iiij. sol'. 
Rob' fil' lefwini dim virg p .ij. sol'. 
Rob' palmer' .j. virg p .iiij. sol". 
Ranulf^ de mora dimid' virg p .ij. sol'. 
Herevei' hobi una virg p .iiij. sol'. 
Rad' fil' ):)resbri dimid" hida p octo sol'. 
Witts poer dimid' virg p .ij. sol'. 
Matilda relicta Ric dimid' virg p .ij. sol'. 
Singti isto?: debet invenire unu hominc ad 

flagelland' semen semel in seisione hyema 

li . 7 qlib? caruca debet arare una acram I 

hyepje 7 h'ciare 7 singti qui tenet dimid' 

v'gatas vl plus debent unu avagiu p an 

num ad firma portanda . set firmari^ die 

q'^d debent duo avagia .7 de qualibi doino 

invenire unu homine ad sarctand' 7 de 

singul' dimid' virgata vi plus tenentib' 



unu homine cum falce 7 de sing^is reliq's do 
mibi unu honiine ad spar2:edam h'bam. 
7 tunc lire cimid' summa frumti 7 unu 
multone J una scultellata sails 7 unu ca 
seu ? de sin^at domib; in venire unij ho 
mine ad pcariam sine cibo . 7 ad pcarias 
cura cibo omnes oparios suos ducere. 

iDCjuisitio fca in manerio de berna ma 
gfo pli' de hadda existete f'mar. 


No"ia jurato?!. 
Witts Bur:::ensis. 
Jacobus piscator. 
Job's de ]a lane. 
Rob' ppositus. 
Job's Bruz. 
^yltTs Bradhege. 
Xicliol" piscator. 

Dicunt juratores q'd 
Manium istud defen 
dit se vsus regc p .iiij. 
hidis . iste quatuor hi 
de debent arare de tra 
archiepi .xii. acras sctr 
villata .viij. acras . 7 
canonici Londonia^ 
vi eut. firmari' .iiij. 

acras 7 hre cibum ad curia archiepi. 
7 debent invenire ad una majore pcaria 
c^'isie archiepi .xviij. homines 7 pposit 
de b'na .7 hre bis cibum ad curia archiepi. 
7 debet villata reddere .xxxij-d."^ ad curia 
die nati^-itaris 5ci Joh'is bapt . 7 duo 
homines de villata 7 ppositus seq' ofnia 
halimota si curia archiepi volu'it . 7 se 
quitur siras cu uno homine pit cum 
uno homie archiepi ad nutnu servietis 
archiepi. In dhico sut .ccc. acre de tra ara 
bill. In prato circit .xxx. acras. It pvu 
p'^tum quod vocatur cotmannemad' 
set q^t acras coatineat nesciiit. Sunt 
ibi circir .xxviij. acre de pastura . pos 
su7it ibid' ce in instauro sexcies vigiti 
oves . possunt ibid' ce trigita animalia 
exceptis animalib} carucar . poss"t ibi 

* p' terris de putlevrrth 
iS: aldeland 6v; betba. 


ee viginti porci . potest wainagiu fieri cum [Berne?.] 

duab5 caracis . unde opteat in caruca ce 
.riij. bores 7 duo equi . pit cum cosuetu 
diiiib} villate .? unus herciator . Molendin 
fuit ibi q'Tidam . m^ nltm ppt defcm aque. 
Pistriuj] novu recepit magr pliilipp' de had 
ha pcii .X. sol* .7 de tanto melioratu est maniurn tpe 
phihppi fir ioh'is .? detioratum in defcu pti 
vtm domos . q'^rum tri nuinum recep magr 
phir.pp' simt cu aliis implemtis scdm cy 
ro^raphum pliilippi de ]:)erne. 

Isti tenent de dominico. 
"Wi^s burgesis tenet .iiij. acras p .xx.d. 7 .iij. 

d. ad auxiliu uni^ marce . 7 toiidet ores . 7 

agnos 7 spargit fenu duob5 dieb-, 7 levat 

fenu cum uno honiie q'^m diu op^ est . 7 

tassat fenu ad cibum dni 7 seqtur ofhs 

pcarias 7 facit octo opatones in autuj)no 

7 dat unu gallu 7 una gallina ad Xatale 

7 .iiij. ova ad pascha . 7 spargit fenu du 

obus diebus. 
Wi!is bradege .vi. acras p .xiij.d. 7 .iiij. 

d. ad marcam 7 .vi. ova 7 duas galh 

nas 7 facit ofni septim una opaloem 7 

abas opac ut Witis burgesis. 
Rob' fir joh'is .iiij. acras p .xviij.d. 7 .iij. 

d. ad marcam 7 unij gallu ad natal' 

7 oms ahas opac facit ut Wilts. 
Walts de estb'ne .ij. acras p .x.d. 7 .iii. ob'. 

ad marcam . 7 ova 7 .ij. gallinas 7 ali 

as opatones ut Wilis. 
Alditba fiJia Alex .ij. acras p .xv.d. 7 .iii. 

ob'. ad marca 7 fac alias 9suet ut Wills. 
Matiti filia Ragenilde .v. acras 7 dim' p 

.xii-d. 7 .iiij.d. ad niarca 7 opat ut Witts. 

bradege 7 alias 9suet ut Wilts burgesis. 

ECCLESI.E S. PAUI-I LOXDIX. A. 11. r22_'. 105 

A"N ills de ecciia .iiij. acras p .xxv.a. 7 .iij.d. ad [Bernt?.] 

marca J gallinas 7 ofnia alia o^a ut Witts Burgesis. 
Godv.iir de ecciia .vi. acras ^ ph* firmar p .xii.d. 

t .liij.d. ad marca 7 ofnia alia c Wilts Bradege. 
Jacob* fil" sewgei .x. acras p .iiij. soF. 7 .x.d. 7 ad 

iTiarca .vi.d. 7 iiivenit duns hornle? ad pea 

rias cvisie 7 unxi liumine ad spzend' feiium. 

set no ponit faldara cu aliis iiea. liabi ave 

ria curn aliis in pastura dominici. 
Oms isti ponut faldam sua singtis annis sup 

tram dnici ab hokedai usq.. ad adnncia 7 

habebut iln oves 7 oniia aninia'.ia sua 7 p 

custodia cujuslib=f averii dant B'cario drii 

•iij. ob". exceptis oribi quas i{5imet custodi 

unt 7 pascuntur in comuni pastura dni . 

a pascha usa. ad pa festum sci micbael'. 7 si 

ita no custodiutur . no dabut argntum. 

Iste tenet ad ceiisum in villa de b'nes. 
Job's fir safugeli tenet una virgata q°ndam 

Gilib'ti cui no attinet p agnetc de b*ne 7 p' 

p .R. arcbid* Colocestr p .x.a. 7 dat .vij.d. ad 

marca 7 .iiij. de maltselv' 7 una gallina 

7 debet tria opa omi septim p ann7i nisi fest' 

impedierit .7 arare dimid' acratn . 7 flagel 

lare seme 7 seminare 7 h'ciare 7 ee quiet' ^^^.^ 

trib; opacionib3 . 7 dat dimid' quarter de mante (ex antiquo p' 

7 in q'^dragesima arare tm dimid' acrara. chirche sed.) 

7 debet .x. ova . duob5 dieb;, debet falcare ad 

cibum dni .7 levare fenu 7 portare ad curia 

7 invenire duos bomies ad oms pcarias 7 

invenire una carecta dutjbi dieb; ad fenum 

7 ad timum. 
Witts ruffus una virgata q'^'ndam alex cui no 

attinet p R. arcbid" p .x.d. 7 p id' serviciu. 
Job's fil' Witti una virg p .x.d. 7 p id' gviciu. 
Job's fil" Wlfini una virg p .x.d. 7 p id" sviciu. 



Juliana relicta Safuli .j. A'irg p id' sviciuni 
Rob' de tamisia una virg escactam ? assisam 

p pliilipp p id* servicium. 
Wimarc filia rob" una virg p .x.d. p id" svic. 
Matitt relicta alex una virg p .x.d. 7 p id' ivic. 
^^ alts fil* hug una virg p .x.d. 7 p id' svic. 
Ric de Xastok una virg qondani Wlwardi al 

bi cui no attinet p agnete p .x.d. J p id' svic. 
Galfr' fir sawgel cum filia joh'is una virg 

p .x.d. p id* servicium. 
Jacob' piscator una virg q'^'ndam Gosceliiii 

cui no attinet p magrm philippu p .x. 

(1. ? p id' servicium. 
Pentecostes fip Gilib' .j. virg p .x.d. ? p id' svic. 
Gilib' fil' ioh'is de b'nes una virg q°ndam ail 

mari cui no attinet p philippij de b'lies p .x. 

d, ? p id" seixicium. 
Rob' de Westm una virg qf^ndam fi alex fil' 

alurici cui n attinet p pbilipp de b'ne p 

.x.d. ? p id' servicium. 
Galfr fil' ioh' .j. virg p .x.d. 7 n id' serviciu. 
Job's Brus ? Gilib' fil* Galfr una virg q^ndam 

Wlvii cui n attinet p magrm pbilipp p x. 

d. 7 p id' servicium. 
Galfr faber una virg p ferris carucar faci 

endis 7 debet id' serviciu cum supradcis si 

no facit ferrafiTta . modo facit ferramenta 

7 dat duos sol'. 
Job's fil' Rob'ti .V. acras p .ij. sol' . 7 .iij.d. 7 ob'. 

ad marca 7 debet falcare una die 7 levare 

fenu 7 invenire unu homine ad ofns pea 

Has 7 dare quia ova 7 ducit fimu duobs 

dieb; 7 fenum dn est necesse. 
Nicbolaus piscator .vij, acras q'^'ndam pa2:a 

ni nuc p pbilipp de b'ne p .iiij. sol' p o.xi]35 

7 invenit unu homine ad pcaria cervisie. 

ECCLE.SI.t S. 1>AULI LOXDIX. A. P. 122_'. 

Tota villata clat aimuu auxiliu uiii' marce. 



eefurJ. de 
I .S. Pauli. 


Inrotulaco in itine Rogi de Clifford 7 soco^ suox. 
Anno regni Regis Edwarcli quinto. 

De Falcone Lovel p .x. acr vires as.sarti i Cliingeford de feod' 
; De Apsolone filio Baidewini n unaroda ibid'./'ecc^ sci pauli Lond' 

\ 1 bladit. 7c. 

De Johe le pineter p una roda & d:. ibid'. 

De Ad fir molendinar p .j. roda ibia'. 

De Seli fir Thome p di acr ibid'. 
jDe Johe le folur p di acr. ibid". /'Nichil. 

De Rico le mouner p di acr. ibid'. / 
iDe Jotie le Caretter r di acr ibid'. / 
I De "Wiito Mayne p .j. rod* ibid'*. / 
j De Agnete picot p .i. rod' ibid"./ 

Inrotulacio in Itine Ro^i Ext'iiei 7 socoa jjuo^. Anno Regni 
Reg Edwardi vicesimo. 

/Simon de Stanbrugg qui fuit Canoic^ Sci Pauli Lond' 7 mortuus 
lest vastavit de novo boscum de Hebrugg qui ptint ad coitatem 
lejusd' ecciie. Magr Job's de Luca mo^ ten? q^^i firmari^' ejusd' 
jecctie . Et mo° venit attornat' ecdie sci Pauli 7 ostendit carta 
IReg Jotiis p q'" cocedit deo 7 ecctie sci Pauli 7 Epo 7 successorib3 
16s tras 7 possessiones suas 7 tenemta sua liba 7 quieta de oib^ 
!exacc6ib5 cii oib; liljtatib;, 7 iibis 9suetudinib3 in bosco 7 piano 
iubiq. soluta lifca 7 quieta de vistes 7 reward' foreste 7 de canib; 
jsuis expeditand' 7 de aliis placitis 7 queret 7 occasionib, foreste. 
jEt qd capiat in boscis suis pp'is quiq^ eis ncce fuit ad pp'os 
lusus suos sine visu 7 phibicoe forestarioz. Ideo sunt quieti de 
U-asto predco. 7 simiir de imbladitura de vctibus assart 7 pprestur 
Vde tr suis de Cbingeford. 

FtvAGmex^j' of a Book co/itainuui an Inquisition- of the Manoi^s 
belongiitg to tht Dean a'ad Chapter of St. Paul's, Lon'doX; 
in tilt year ITSl. commonly called 


preserved amongst Dr. Rua-iirLSoriS inanuscripts [B. 3/2) in the 
Bodleian Library at Oxford. 

Annus ab incarnatione dni 
millesim' centesimus octogesi 
mus p'mus. Annus pontificat^ 
alexandri pape tertii vicesim^ 
p'mus. Annus rezni regis angles 
henrici scdi vicesimus septiai". 

Annus regni regis anglop henrici 
filii regis undecimus. Annus tns 
lationis epi Herefordensis Gileber 
ti folioth in lundoniense epm oc 
tavus decimus tunc temporis ef 
fiuebat : quando facta fuit inq' 
sitio maneriorum beati pauli 
p Radulfura de diceto decanu 
luudoniensem. Anno p'nio sui 
decanatus assistentibj ei tarn ma 
gistro Henrico de Norhamtona q'^'m 
dno Roberto de cliford. 



De maneriis beati pauli p ordine i. 

Qui contulerint beato paulo ma ii. 

Qui Reges anglonim immunitatem indulserunt iii. 

De cartis p ordinem positis vel 

notatis tali signo >5( 
Status ecctiarum que fundate sut iiii. 

extra lundoniam. 
Quam firmam reddiderint mane v. 

ria temporib; Wlmanni decani 

& cuius pendens fuerit vel sit 

panis canonicorum. 
Status ecciiarum que fondate st vi. 

intra lundoniam. 
De terrulis canonico^ bati pauli vij. 

Quid solvaf canonicis in natali dni viij. 

Quid canonicis in pascha ix. 

Quid canonicis soluatur in festo x. 

apes tolo rum. 
Quid soluatur canonicis in festo xi. 

sancti Michaelis. 

Facta est inquisitio aput caden vj°. Id' Jan. 

donam : hereberto cantuariensi ar 
chidiacono existente firmario Jo 
hanne de hospitali tunc temporis 
arcbidiaconi predicti pcurante 
negotia. Roberto mantello viceco 
mite tunc temporis p herefordia 
& essexiam. 


Facta est i)"iquisitio aput kenes v°. Id" Jan. 

MTdarn sub eodem firmario sub 

eodem pcuratore. 
Facta est inquisitio aput aude'e iij"^. Id' Jan. 

iam. Nicholao de sigillo eiusdeni 

ville firraario. 
Facta est inquisitio aput Sando ij°. Id' Jan. 

nam Ricardo ruffo &: Ricardo de 

Sandon tunc firniariis. 
Facta est inquisitio aput belchem xviij''-'. kt feb. 

Ricardo Ruffo firmario. 
Facta est inquisitio aput Wicba xvij*^'. k1. feb. 

Roberto de fuleham firmario. 
Facta est inquisitio aput xy°. kt. feb. 

eduluesnase in ecciia de kirkebi 

Ricardo Ruffo firmario. 
Facta est inquisitio aput Tirwoldi xiij°, ki. feb. 

tonam. Gileberto Manent€ firmario 
Facta est inquisitio xij*^'. kt. feb. 

aput Tilingeham Wtto & theo 

dorico fr"'ib5 tunc firmariis 
Facta est inquisitio aput Berlinga x°. ki. feb. 

Ricardo ruffo firmario. 
Facta e inquisitio aput Burnewel xi". kt. feb. 

lam eodem. Ricardo Ruffo firmario. 
Facta est inquisitio vij". kt. feb. 

de nortuna odone de dammarri 

no firmario. 
Facta est inquisitio de Nastccha code die. 

Johanne de maregni firmario. 
Facta e inquisitio aput Chingefor xf. kf. feb. 

diam Galtero firmario. 
Facta est inquisitio aput Berna v<:'. kt. feb. 

Johanne firmario. 


Facta c ir.quisitio aput Draito iiij". Id. feb. 

nam Wtro Gjoucestrensi arcliidia 

cono 7 Roberto Simplice tunc fir 

Facta est iucuisitlo apat Suttona iij°. kt. feb. 

Nicholao lundoniensi archidia 

cono firrnario. 

Hec inquisitio tota facta est infra 

viginti dies duos. 
yt Veritas erueref : p 
^ mar.iorum capacitate p nirui''o 

colon orum m<^' plures raodo pau 

ciores eligendos decrevim^ artato* 

prestita juhsjurandi religione 

Quod ad mterrofjata nee verum 

supprimerent nee assererent 

falsum scienter 55 iuxta conscienti 

am suam in coniune pferrent 

p quot livdis unaqueq, villa se 

defenderet tempore Regis henrici 

terap>ore \VSi decani vers' Rege q'd 

ranc fiscalib3 commodis appende 

retur p annum vicecomiti .s. vel 

hundredi p*^posito . quidve m'' . q'd 

mode soluatur coUegio canonico^ 

quot hyde sint in dominio , quot 

assise . quot libere . q'^t geldabiles . q^t 

in dominio sint arabiles acre . q'^t 

in prato . quot in nemore . sive ve 

stito siue non vestito . quid instau 

ramenti possit apponi vel in ma 

risco vel in alia pastura. Qui colo 

norum libertate gauderent: q've 

zravarenf opibus . qui censuales 

quiue cottarli : Quid me.lioratiois 


accreuerit in unoquoq.. mau'lo . 
qui'ue man'ium . seiiserit defmen 
tum vel in deterioratione domox 
vel in vastatione v.emoi. Quis 
Ternvinos niCjverit vel prererie 
rit. Quia vero prauorum inten 
tio semp est prior ad cetraliendu 
lector de reprehensiont sf^Uicitus 
circa maneriorum inquisitione 
aliquid omissum notauerit ii 
id inquirendum riegligentie de 
putet s; iuratorum vel errori 
ye] fraudi. 

Hec est inquisitio de Cadendona. 
"ji f-anerium de Cadendona 
^^-*- defendebat se tempore 
Juratores. reins henrici 

Joh'es sacerdos. primi et "Wit^i 

Reginaldus p^'posit' decani vers' 
Osbert' p^posir regera ^ decc 

Cowiii' de g'^na hvdis et adhuc 

S erlo. ita est. Vicecho 

* * * * >f-. 

* :}: ^ Jjc * 



Hec est inquisicio de bealchamp. 
Wiits trauers 

■|i f anerium 
^^^ de beal 

Ric archarius 
Rob' fit ailwini 
Hug de Maldon 
Lambt^ gross' 
Rob fir -wlwin 
H cnric^ de bosco 
Ahvinus ult*^ bosc 
Headric^ benge 
Ric nis 

ham defende 
bat se tempore 
Regis henrici p 
.v. hydis versus 
regem *? adhuc 
ita est . Vicecomi 
ti tunc dabanf 
•iiij. sot ? pposito 
bundredi .v. sot 
p manum fir 
marii '? adhuc 
ita est 7 reddit 

m*^ canonicis .riij. firmas plenas, 

.TJ. in pane ? ceruisia . et in unaq^q.. 

firma .xxx. sot ad Hberationem . J 

duas abas utramq.. in sesagesim- 


Isti tenent de dominio. 

Robtus psona tenet .xxx. acras de 
dominio in excambiura .xxx. acr"'/ 
de wluiueland Idem h't duas ac'""s 
p .T.d. s. stanwinesland . Idem Rob' 
h't moram unam t^um acrarum 
p .xiiij.d. Idem Norlei .ij. acras 
in pastura p .viij.d. J hec dicit se 
tenere p capitulum. 

Wimarc vidua dimidiam virgata 

p .iiij. sot. Eadem .v. acras p .xvj.d. 
Eadem ac^'m 1 dimid' in foreiande p .vj.d. 

Rog"" fit ead\ .j. ac in augment 
terre s'. 

OF RALPH DE DICETO, A.D. 1181. ]15 

Rob' Ruflfus .j. ac'^ro in augmtu terre. 
Lamb in Schiringa .iiij. acras p .iiij. 

d. Idem tenet .v. acr in b"'defeld p .xiiij.d. 
liob" fil' Wlurum .ij. ac in augmtu tre, 
Witts travers' duas acras in augmen 

tum de Worterichesland. 
Rofe psona .v. acras in augmentu 

de "^A'luiueland. 
Henricus de bosco .v. acras p .xvj.d. 

p Ricardum Ruffum. 
Alanus pelliparius .j. acr p .iiij.d. ' 
Robt^ fit Wlrum .j. ac p .iij.d. p Ri. Ruf. 
Lambt' fili- Sirichi dimid acram in 

augmentu terre. 
Herebert^ .iij. pasture p .iij.d. 
Leh^unus .ij. acr p .xij.d. 
Radulfus ppositus .xxiiij. acras . p 

.V. sot 1 .vj.d. 
Alan^ fit Algari .v. acras . p .xx.d. 
God'^inus'? Theodoricus .j. acram 

in augmen tum terre. 
Absolonus .j. acram p .xij.d. 
Waltus de langetbot .v. acr. p .xvj.d. 

Idem h't maras in hauehid p .ij.d. 
Godwin^ capenf^ .j. acr. in augmt f"re. 
Cuparius .j. acr. in augmtu terre. 
Stanhard^ in colecrof .ij. acr. in aug t^. 
Hugo Wind le haspeheg . s .iiij. acras 

in augmtu tre . f stratam p d. 
Golstanus .iiij. acr. p .xiij.d. 
Hereueius .ij. acras p .viij.d. 
Rog .j. acram 7 dimid p .vj.d. 
Golstan^ 7 Heruei' .j. holina p .xij.d. 
Robt' fit Alwini holemede p .xij.d. 


Henricus de bosco unam rodam prati 
in wiga p .i.d. 

Hugo de bosco .iiij. acras p .xij.d. 

Gladewine unu masagium p .iiij.d. 

Wlwineman unu masagiu p .iiij.d. 

Rot) fit Godhu .j. masagium p .ij.d.7 ofe. 

Rad 7 Robtus .j. acr. p'^ti in augihtu terre. 

Hugo de maldona dim. ar ?n servit'o. 

Remanent in dominio de terra arab cir 
citer .ccccc. acras 7 circiter .xiiij. acras 
in ])rato . in bosco majori circiter sex vi 
ginti acras. In bosco de Lanebele circit' 
.V. acras. In ooreleth circiter .x. acras. 
In manerio possunt bre quinquies .xx. 
ones. In dominio sunt tres caruce '? 
pretea .iij. dimidie acre prati in extede. 

Isti sunt libere tenentes. 
Rob tenet circiter .1. acras in pitewiries 

hale p .xiij. soi. Idem garde ? brade 

feld circiter .xxx. acras p .iiij. sot. Ide 

wlmeresland .xv. acras p .iiij. sot. 
Idem admeresland .xv. acras p .iiij.s. 
Idem eadricbesland .x. acras p .ij.s. 
Idem de hale .i. acram p ij.d. Idem 

wluiueland . unam uirgatam 1 di 

midiam p .xij. sot. 
Hugo de maidon .ij. virg. p .xx. sot. 
Ric sacerdos dimidiam uirgatam p 

.iiij. sot p Ricardum Ruffum. 
Ricardus archarius .iiij. uirgatas 

p .xxviij. sot. & debet facere siuta 

scire & hunredi. 
Rob fit Wala .xv. ac"'s p .iiij, sot. 
Hugo Wind .iii. uirgatas .? .v. acras. 


p .xxiii. sot. J .iij.d, ? debet arare ,xij. ac. p ann. 
Gait langetot .x. acras p .xxxij.d. 
Rob. ■fill' alwhii .j. uirg. .p .viij. sot. 
"\"\ hvinus man .x. acras p .xxxij.5. 7 vij. 

acras ? dlmidiam p .ij. sot. 
Gladewinus .vij. acr. ? dim. p .ij. sot. 
Witts ahvini .j. uirg. p .viij.s. p fir. 
Hugo de bosco .vij. acr "?• dim. p .ij. sol. 
Ascliitillus unam uirgatam . cuius ui:ia 

medietas fuit ad censum . altera opa 

ria s: m^ reddit .viij. sot p . Ric. Ruffu. 

Idem .vj. acr. p .ij. sot. 
Asolon .V. acras p .xvi.d. 
Richer' 7 Ernold" .x. acr. 7 di. p .iij. sot. 
Herebtus diraid uirg. p .iiij. sot. 
Rog fit edwini .xxij. acras 7 dimid' 

P .vi. soi 7 .iiij.d. 
\^'tts trauers' 7 Gonnilda uxor alwini 

.X, acras p .xxxij.d. s: Wtis tenet .vj. 7 

femina .iiij. 
Ofns isti arant & metunt ad pcarias 

dni 7 ad cibum eius sine forisfacto. 

Isti tenent terras oparias. 
Auicia dimidiam uirgatam. 
Stanhardus dimidiam uirgatam. 
Ranulf^ di. uirg. 7 dat .xij.d. pro 

uno clauso. 
Lambt' gross' dimid uirg. opar 7 

aliam dimid' uirg. p .iiij. sot. 
Lambt^ fit Ailmeri. di. uirg. 
Rob fit Wlurun .j. uirg. p .viij. sot. 
Rob de fiawingebam dimid . uirg. 
Henric' de bosco . dimid . uirg. opas 

7 aliam . p .iiij. sot. 

jj; * :^. ?,: :}c 





Anno dni yi^.cc^.xh'^ hugoe de sco 
eadmudo esdstente custode man ii de 
bello campo hoies infra sc^pti tenen 
tes tras de dnico q"'s vocant Inlan 
des sn aucto^^ capitii :' augintaverut 
redditu assisum : ut auctoritas capi 
tuli intveniret. ut in ptineti seq't. 

Rogs ho ecce p q"'dam ac'" pasture de 
Broke psuerit dare .vi. den de ce 
tero dabit .viii.d. 

Henr pictor 9sueTit dare .vi.d. pro 
una roda . de ceto dabit .vii.d. 

Rogus canoic' 9suevit dare p una 
ac"' tre .vi.d. m° dabit .viii.d. 1, p 
longa via iu?:^ sturfeld' 7 alia via 
p mediu sturfeld' .iiij.d. 

Thomas de Imle cosuevit dare p 
una acra tre ? dimid' .vi.d. De ce 
tero dabit .ix. den. 

Rogus fir Robti de Sco Andrea psue 
vit dare .viij.d. p duob} ac's tre de 
ceto dabit .xij. den. 


Rob't' fil' philippi 9suevit dare pro 

una dirnid' roda tre .ij.d. De ceto 

dabit .iij.d. 
Hugo fir Gilbti de colecroft 9suevit 

dare p .ri. acris tre .iij.S. De cetero 

dabit .iiij.s. S; p"'tu ht sn capitJo. 
Cecilia rebcta adleston 9suevit da 

re p una roda tre .iij. ob. De ceto 

dabit .iij. den. 
Editba relicta Hu^elin 9suevit 

dare p .iij."ac's tre .xij.d. De ce' 

tero dabit .xviij.d. 
Jobs pebpari' csuevir dare p una 

ac'^ tre .iiij.d. De ceto dabit .vi.d. 
Henr dux 9suevit dare p .iij. acris 

tre .sii.d. De ceio dabit .xA'iij. S5 

p"'tu bt sn capitio p .viij.d. 
Rogs de Bosco 9sueYit dare p .v. 

acris tre 1 dimid' 1 pastura .xxvij d. 
De cetero dabit .xxxis.d. 
Warin^ de St^nstrete 9suevit da 

re p una ac"" tre .iiij.d. De cetero 

dabit .vi.d. 
Frevesent fiba pbibppi 9suevit 

dare p .iij. acris tre .xii.d. De ce 

tero dabit .xviij. den. 
Ric carettarr 9suevit dare p una 

ac"" tre ? una roda .r.d. De ceto 

dabit .vij.d. ? ob". 
Auicia rebcta Gilbti suoris 9SueTit 

dare p duabus acris tre .viij.d. De 

cetero dabit .sii.d. 
Adebcia de pentelawe 9suevit da 

re p una acra tre "? dimid' .vi.d. De 

cetero dabit .ix.d. 


Wilbrun de ^A'estande osuevit dare 

p una acra ire .iiij.d. De ceto dab^ .vi.d. 
Witts de pitewineshale 9suevit 

dare p uno pro mesuagio .vi.d. 

De cctero dabit .vi.d. 7 ob'. 
Reginald' de Burnevile 9suevit 

dare p duab5 acris tre .riij.d. De 

cetero dabit .sij.d. 
Gemma relicta canterel psuev' 

dare p .v. ac's tre .xx.d. De ceto 

dabit .xxx.d. 
Lucia vidua ^suevit dare p una 

pecia tre .iij.d. De ceto dab' .iiij.d. 
Walrus asketin 9suevit dare p 

.vi. acris tre .ij.s. De ceto dab' .lij.s. 
Rogus le vinur J Rog fil' Mauricii 

9sue^"it dare p una ac"' pasture .iiij.d. 

De ceto dabunt .vi.d. 
G ibt de SCO Andrea 9suevit dare 

p .XX. acris tre .vi.s. .ix.d. De cetero 

dabit .ix.s. 1 .ix.d. 7 restituit p'^tu 

qd' tenuit int p'^tu de diiico vsus 

Clare 7 fossatu suu usq, ad p'^tum 

Robti de tillebi cu angulo p" ti us" 

Witts fir Lambti 9suevit dare p 

.X. acris tre .ij.s. .^-iij.d. ob'. raodo 

dabit .iiij.?. S; p^'tum bt sn capitto. 
Lamfetus fab tenet .v. ac'^s tre de 

inlande 7 fecit incremtu :p q"'libet 

ac"' .j. ob\ 7 p't'ea faciet ferraintu 

vin' caruce p pdcis .v. acris. P't'ea 

tenet .x. acras de veti feuamto . p 

quib; .X. acris no faciet aliqud svici 

urn nisi ferramta duat carucaru 

RENTAL OF LANDS IN BE A I' C H AM P, A.D. 1240. 121 

qui tenet dirnid* virg . p .iii. sot. 
de qua dimid" virgar" reddit messiom 
uni' acre '7 .ij. ^ Mauricu leveric 
? mesuag-iu p .liij.d. ? mesu;ii'iu 
ut gang' clausum de novo cu as 
sarto qd fecit ei raagr nugo de 
Loud", p .sij.i. 7 fait oparia. 
Rotitus leffrich tenebit ofnia tene 
menta sua sicat p'us tenuit excep 
ta una pastura que rocat Roche 

. or 

q"'m restituit "i^ dat increnitu .iiij. 

Wilis mot carper.tarius 9suevit 

dare p una acra tre .viij.d. mo 

do dabit .x.§. 
Ricard' abelote no feffat^ nisi p 

firmariu 9suevit dare annuatim 

.iiij.s. De cetero dabit .iiij.'<. .vij.d. 

7 ob-\ 
Robert^ swonild tenet .xv. ac'^'s 

a tpre cui^ no exiat memoria ut 

dnt .7 psuevit care .iiij.s. De ce 

tero dabit .vi.s. vi.d- medie 

tas aute dee terre ab antiquo 

fuit operaria. 


f,V V'RirH THE 





Hfec est conventio inter capitulum Lundoniensis ecclesiae Beati 
Paiili et Kohertun:; filiura Ailwini sacerdotis. Capitulum concedit 
ei Wicham manerium suum ad firmam, quanidiu vixerit et inde 
bene servient. Primo quidem anno pro Iviii.s. et iiii d. et pro 
i. parva firma panis et cervisife cum vii.d. elemosine. Deinceps 
vero singulis annis pro ii. iirmis brevibus panis et cervisice cum 
vii.d. elemosine. quarum priorem faciet in festo sancti Martini, 
quando evenerit die dominica : quando vero die alia, turn faciet eam 
die dominica ante festurn. et similiter de secunda firma ad Nativi- 
tatem sancti Johaimis Baptista; : ad unamquamque vero de ij. 
firmis in denariis 1. solidos. 

Hoc est autem instauramentum, quod debet reddere Robertus, 
scilicet xvi. boves. quemque preciatumsxviii.d. quatuor equos pre- 
ciatos X.S.; octies xx. oves quamque preciatam iiii.d. et xxiiii. porcos 
quemque preciatum v.d. : unum verrera cum novem porcellis pre- 
ciatum xix.d. : triginta vi. capras quamque preciatam iiii.d.. unum 
plumbum preciatum .vi.d.. duas cuppas cum duobus tonellis pp 
xvi.d. Tripedem cum mammola pp. ii.d. Est autem ibi orreum 


versus est altitudinis usque ad trabcm .xiii. pedum, et dcsuper 
usque ad festum x. pedum et dimid. Latitudo inter postes xix. 
pedum et dimid. Alee hujus orrei sunt latitudinis vi. pedum 
e: dimid. Aititudo alarum vi. pedum et dimid. In Itcc 
orreo debet Aihvinus sacerdos reddere i. tassum avene versus me- 
ridiem habentem in longitudine usque ad culacium xix. ped. 
et ipsum culacium habet viii. ped. et dimid. et hoc similiter ple- 
num avena. In hoc etiam orreo debet i. tassum urdei hal:)enteni 
in longitudine svi. pedum et in altitudine vii. pedum et diniid- et 
in latitudine ix. ped. et dim. Tota longitudo hujus orrei cum 
culaciis. Iv. ped. Juxta hoc orreum est aliud. quod habet in longi- 
tudine XXX. ped. et dim. preter cuiacia : et unurn culacium est 
longitudine x. ped. et dim. Alterum viii. ped. Tota longitudo 
hujus crrei cum culatiis xlviii. ped. Altitudo sub trabe xi. ped. 
et dim. et desuper usque ad festum ix. ped., latitudo xx. ped. : nee 
habet preter i. alam. quee habet in latitudine v. ped. et in altitudine 
totidem. Hoc orreum debet Ailudnus reddere plenum de man- 
como preter raedietatem quoe est contra ostium, quae debet esse 
vacua, et heec pars est latitudinis xi. ped. et dim. Tertium orreum. 
quod est versus orientem. habet in longitudine xlix. ped. et dim. 
prceter duo culatia, quae sunt xxii. ped. Altitudo hujus orrei est 
sub trabe xv. ped. et desuper usque ad festum ix. ped. '? dim. lati- 
tudo xxii. ped. et dim. et latitudo unius cujusque alee vi. ped. et 
dim. Altitudo alarum viii. ped. Hoc orreum debet Aihvinus 
reddere plenum frumenti ab ostio versus orientem et ab ostio 
versus occidentem plenum avena. Medietas contra ostium debet 
esse vacua, et haec habet spatium xi. ped. et dim. large. Aihvinus 
erlam debet reddere xvi. boves. et iiii. equos ununiquemque pre- 
ciatum iii. sol. et xviii. capras et ii. hedos unamquamque preciatam 
vi.d. et cxx. oves quamque preciatara iiii.d. et xxx. porcos queni- 
que preciatum xii.d. Debet etiam Aihvinus reddere x. bonas care- 
tatas de pisis. De villa autem guarancizanda contra vicecomitem 
et propositos et siras et hundredum et castella. et de nemore eorum 
bene custodiendo. et de prtescripio instauramento reddendo adni- 


venit Robertas plegios Aihvirjum patrem suurn. et tres fratres 
suos^ Gulielnnmi, Ranimlfum_. Henricum. Ailwinum avunculum 
suum, Lar/ihertum et Wlainum fratrem ejus. Ricardum sacer- 
dotem de Pentelaw. Edmundum dec, Hugo de Gestingetorp^ 
et insuper juravit fidelitatem capitulo. Hujus conventionis sunt 
testes ex parte Roberti. Adam fil Gar. Elias prb. Ricardus pfbr 
Aluredus clericus . Rit clericus . Robertas clericus . Garinus fil. 
Ade. Huiio de Wicham. Hugo de capella. Tomas filius mainerii. 
Petrus de Halsted. 


" decanus et conveutus ecclesie sci Pauli London con- 
cesserunt Baldewino filio hugonis confratri suo maneriurn suum de 
Cadudenda tenendum ad firmam toto tempore vitoe suce. quam diu 
eis bene et fideliter inde servierit. ita quod Baldewinas singulis 
annis reddet eis plenariam firmam unius septimane in pane et ser- 
vicia ct ad liberationem faciendam xxxiii. sol. et iv. denarios. et ad 
festivitatem apostolorura Petri et Pauli xx. sol. et ad festivita- 
tem scT Michaelis Ix, solidos : et ut predictus Baldewinus banc 
haberet conventionem, dabit plusquam antecessores sui dederunt 
ii. marcas argenti. unara scilicet ad natale domini. et unam ad festi- 
vitatem sci Jobn Baptist . Et quando maneriurn dimittet.reddet xvi. 
boueS; unumquemque trium solidorum: etunum bercbariumtrium 
solidorum; et Ix. eves unamquamque iv.d. et xv. porcos unumquem- 
que vi. denariorum. et totum bladum manerii: et de bac conventione 
tenenda fecit baldewinus fidelltatem capto . Hiis testibus et con- 
cessoribus Wilbelmo decano, Roberto de cadomo . Odone . Nic. 
Gaufrido filio Wlu. et Roberto fratre ejus ; et Roberto de auco. 
Teodorico.Randulfo.Willielmo de calna .Waltero filio epi. Huberto. 
Gaufrido cunestabulario . Ricbard de aman%Til. Radulfo filio Algodi. 
henr mag. liugone filio Albert! . Et preterea hii sunt testes. Teoldus 
canonicus sci Martini^ bacbzo prb'r . Nigellus clericus. Gregorius. 
Godefridus. Xiirellus mere, et Renaldus. et alii multi. 



UrniNG THE TWELFTH C ENTU^R Y,!.,",^.^-^'' 125 


llcec est convcutio inter canunicos beati Pauli et • llicardum 
arcliidiaconum : quod conccduiit ei Runewellain de so teuciidam. 
cua:n diu vixerit et bene firmam reddiderit. et post mortem ejus 
uni ex carionicis cuicunque earn concedere voluerit. eodeni pacto 
quo ipse earn tenet . Pro bac auteni concessione adquietavit ipse 
Ricardus adversus regem prefatum manerium in perpetuurn de 
omni exactione. et foris factura nemoralis extirpationis, quam vulgo 
sartum vocant ; et si vineam in eadem villa plantaverit medietatem 
"TJni concedit eis. quani diu ipsemet Ricardus et ille canonicus 
successor suus vixerit . Et preterea post mortem Ricardi; prefatus 
crajoi-jicus, videbcet successor suus. singulis annis quam diu vixerit^ 
reddet canonicis v. sol. in die anniversarii ejus . Mortuo vero 
supra dicto canonico successore suo soluta et quieta remanebifc 
canonicis villa predicta . Et pactiones quas Ricardus cum agricobs 
de terris ad censum locaridis firmabit, ratas et firmas canonici 
habebunt , Hujus conventionis testes sunt . Willielmus arcbi- 
ciaconus. Ricardus de belma arcb . Robertus canonicus et pres- 
byter. Arcoidus canorncus et presbyter. Nicolaus canonicus diaconus. 
Gaufridus filius Wluredi. et Robertus fr ejus. Teodoricus canonicus. 
Lubertus. Robertus de auco. Odo . Willieluius de calna. "Walterus 
frater arcbidiaconi. Ricardus de amanvilla. Gaufridus conestabula- 
rius. Rannulfus. mag benericus. Ricardus de Wintonia. Balde- 
winus. bugo nepos decani. Robertus et bugo. 


Heec est conventio inter canonicos sci Paub London et "N^'ittm 
de occhend". Concedunt ei eadulvesnasa de se tenendam, quam diu 
vixerit. primo anno pro xxxv. H.. secundo anno pro xxxv. li. simi- 
liter . Tertio anno et deinceps pro xlv. li. inde reddendis biis iv. 
terminis . In capiie jejunii. scilicet in prima ebdomada quadrage- 
simcc . In ebdoniada roaationum. et a festo beati Petri ad vincula 


ad viii. dies, et a festo beati Micliaelis ad viii. dies. De se inquam 
tenendam sine omnimoda bereditate quoruralibet successorum 
suorum. Omnes auteni emendationes. quas in manerio illo fecit 
vel vivariisjin cujusqueraaneriei 
domibus. et in omnibus aliis rebus ad commoditatem Tiilas perti- 
nentibus. yjost mortem suam solute et quiete ab om:iibus lieredibus 
suis canonicis beati Pauli in perpetuum remanebunt. Secundum 
juramentum autem hominum illius villcG totum reddet implemen- 
tum et nominatim implementum bladi de meiiori l^lado. quod in 
dominio villee reperietur. Restauramentum autem tale est ; sex 
carruccE. de quinque unaqueeque x. bourn, sexta autem viii. bourn. 
Unusquisque autem bos iii. solidar. et sex equi ejusdem precii. 
Condonant ei septimam carrucam. Et in torp. ii. vaccte et i. vitulus 
et X. porci . Unusquisque autem porcus viii.d. : et xvi. anseres et 
xxiii. gallinffi et quinquies xx. oves . In valetuna autem i. taurus 
et T. vacccG et iii. juvenculi et quindecies xx. oves et xi. porci. Ec- 
clesiee autem ejusdem villee in dominio et dispositione canoni- 
corum remanebunt. De bac autem tenura juravit WilJielmus 
fidelitatem canonicis sci Pauli. Mortuo autem ipso siquid imple- 
ment! defuerit. "Willielraus filius ejus affidavit se iliud rediturum, 
qui a die obitus patris sui usque ad proximumj festum sci Micbaelis 
tenebit manerlum illud eodem censu. et affidavit quod nee pro bac 
tenura ullam in eodem manerio hereditatem exiget. Hujus con- 
ventionis sunt testes. Had decanus . Wift arcli' . Mag benr. mag 
Albericus canonici . Edwardus sacerdos sci Augustini . Nicot fibus 
Nicot . Bernardus clericus decani . Witt de landem . Jordanus 
nepos Wilt de occbend". 


Haec est conventio inter canonicos sci Pauli Londoniensis et 
Ric arcli' et Teod'' scriptorem : videlicet quod concedunt illis 
Berliug de se tenendam,. quamdiu vixerint et bene inde eis servie- 
rint, singulis annis reddendo tres firmas in pane et cervicia et in in elemosina. et in unaquaque xl. soiidos et iv. libras 


ad communitatem . In festo sci Michatlis xx. sol. In natali xx. 
sol. In pa<=cha xx. sol. In festo sci Joliannis xx. sol. et quisquis 
eorum alterum super vixerit. supra dicto pacto manerium illud 
quamdiu vixerit. tcncbit. 


"Wuillmus et Walbertus gratia dei recepti sunt fratres, tarn 
beneficiis quam orationibus. in consortia canonicorum sci Pauli . 
Deinde ab ipsis canonicis in festivitate sci Joliannis baptiste anno 
incipiente prirao, ad festivitatem ,sci Micliaelis. et anno millesimo 
centesimo ociavo ab incarnatione domini acceperunt ipsi quoddam 
n^.anerium nomine Berna. et ut haberent quamdiu viverent, et x. 
solidos dederunt eis in gersumma. id est, lancept. et pro firma in 
anno reddent viii. libras et sextarium vini in die sci Pauli . Et quis 
eorum plus vivet eandem conventionera habeat . Defuncto 
autem illo domini canonici pro eorum animabus quicquid in ma- 
nerio erit habebunt. Hanc vero conventionem istis fratribus suis 
tenendam et servandam contra omnium injuriam defendendam 
conventus promisit testibus istis. 


Anno ab incarnatione domini millesimo centesimo xW. facta est 
hcec conventio inter canonicos sci Pauli et Walterum de Cranford. 
R, lundoniensis episcopus et "WiSraus decanus et conventus ca- 
nonicorum sci Pauli concesserunt supra dicto Waltero et filie 
ipsius Athalais terrara quandam nomine tuiferde. quam Reinerus 
tenuerat prius sub ipsis canonicis : et eandem terram ipse Rei- 
nerus in capitulo sci Pauli quietain quantum ad se clama^-it . Ea 
conventione,. ut Walterus earn haberet. Pro ista terra reddet 
Walterus et tilia ejus supra nominata singulis annis ad festum sci 
Michaelis v. sol. ipsis canonicis, et insuper decimationem annone 
et ovium et caprarura de ipsa terra . Et IicBC conventio duratura 
est quam diu alter eorum vixerit. Cum autem alter obierit. corpus 


suum recldet sancto Paulo cum xx. sol. Cum autem uterque obi- 
erit; terra quam tenuerunt libera et soluta sancto Paulo in manu 
canonicorum remanebit . Testes liujus conventionis sunt. Ro- 
eerus filius aluredi . Witimus fr Walteri, et Ricardus fr Walter! . 
-AJldricus de coleham , ^'italis de actona . Ansgotus clericus de 
coleljam . Tori enganet . Generamnus de lundonia . Robertus 
sellarius . Baldevi-inus de aldermannesberi . Reinerus qui prius 
tenuit illam terram . De ipsis canonicis liii affuerunt , Guittmus 
decanus . Reingerus arcbjidiaconus . Quintilianus archid. . Ar- 
tukus. Rad" gundrani. ^Mframus . hanio . Edwinus filius Gol- 
\rini . hugo filius Albert! . Aihvardus . Robertus filius Generani. 


Anno ab incarnatione domini millesimo centesimo lii. facta est 
beec conventio inter canonicos sci Pauli lund' et bunfridum buc- 
vinte . Concedunt ei canonici kenswrdam ad firmam ad se tenen- 
dam quara diu vixerit et bene eis constitutis terminis firmam 
redidderit : primo anno, id est. a festo sci Micbaelis usque ad idem 
festum. reddendo eis c sol' . In natali xxv. soF . In pascba xxv. 
sol* . In festo sci Joh'is xxv. sol' . In festo sci Mich' xxv. sol' ; 
secundo anno vi. li" eisdem terminis . Tertio anno vii. li" eisdem 
terminis . Quarto anno viii, Ir. et quinto. et sexto, septimo anno 
s. li" eisdem terminis ; et sic deinceps : et ipse hunfridus homines 
raanerii rationabiliter debet tractare et custodire. Quando autem 
reddet manerium. reddet cum eo haec instaxiramenta, xxiv. boves, 
et duos hercerios; sing'los appreciatos iii. sol', et cxx. oves, singulas 
appreciatas iv.d, : et de meliori blado quod erit in dominio. reddet 
eis totum bladum Ixx. acrarum de hiemali blado seminatarum ; 
et similiter totum bladum Ixx. acrarum de vernali blado semina- 
tarum ; et quater xx. acras waretatas : et tradiderunt ei canonici 
iiberam ecclesiam ab omni persona, et ita liberam cam cum ma- 
nerio reddet; et fecit hunfridus canonicis super sacrosancta evan- 
geha fidelitiitem et indempnitatem de hac tenura ; et insuper super 
prsefato pacto tenendo lios plegios eis invenit, Geruasium pevrel 


et Jordanum fratreni ejus. Ech\'i'i\im turc. Simoncrn clericuni; 
Ricarduin brun . Halla hujus maiierii habct x.wv. pedes in Ic'iigi- 
tud", xxx. ped" in latitude et xxii. in altit', xi. sub traljibus . 
et xi. desuper. Damus. que est inter bcillani et talamum, 
habet xii. pedes in longitud'. xvii. in latit" et xvii. in altitu- 
dine. x. sub trabibus et vii. desuper . I'halamus liabet xxii. 
pedes in longit'. xvi. in latitud', xviii. in aititud'. ix. sul.-) trabilnis 
et ix. desuper . Boveria habet xxxiii.ped" i)i long', xii. in latitude 
xiii. in altitud'. Ovibum habet xxxix. ped" in longitud'. xii. in 
latitud", et xxii. in altitud". Domus agnorum habet xxiv, pedes in 
i^-ngitud'. xii. pedes in latitud". et xii. in altitud" . luce autem 
on^inia reddet Hunfridus cuni manerio. 


Post mortem Guittmi de Occhendi:na Ricardus arehid' utteneret 
Edolvesnase. obtulit canonicis sci Pauli xx. marcas in gersumara . 
Quas XX. marcas condonaverunt ei canonici. eo pacto ut s'tuiul 
cum Edolvesnase teneret Belchamp. eodem mode quo Radulfus 
filius Algodi ohm Belchamp tenuerat ; scilicet, reddendo inde 
sinjrulis annis viii. firmas . Duas in denariis. sinsiulas in sexa^enis 
sohdis, et vi. tirmas in pane et cervisia, et tricenis sobdis. cum 
constantiis pistrini et bracini et eleraosina . Quara tamen par- 
tionem Ricardus proximo anno sibi dampnosam esse conquestus 
obtinuit, sive magis extorsit, ut non nisi iv. firmas faceret in 
pane et cervisia. et alias iv. in denariis. duas scihcet in sexagenis 
solidis. et duas in septuagenis solidis : porro instauramenla Bel- 
campi; quae cum ipso manerio reddere debet, htec sunt. 

;r ;i< i^ ^ ^ * * 

DE EDOLVESNASA autem debet idem Ricardus archidiaconus 
reddere per annum canonicis xlv. libras. et de ecclesiis ejusdem ma- 
"perii c. scT, id est in summa 1. li". eisdem terminis quibus Guiihnus 
de Occhendona reddere solebat, scHicet in prima ebdomada quadra- 
gesime xii. ii" et x. sol*,, et in rogationibus xii. lib" et x, sol', et infra 
octavas sci Petri ad\incula xii. li" et x. sob, ct iiifra c^ctavas sci 




M!c'..aer xii. li" et x. sol' . De iiistauraiuentis autem iliius manerii, 
qualia Ricardus cum mancrio reccpit. et qualia cuin manerio red- 
ciirurus est. canoiiici qui ad euni inde investiencura missi sunt, 
lioc rescriptum in capitulum reportaverunt. Magnum orreum 
Walentonie habet n. perticas et dimid* in longifadine (et pertica 
est de xvi. pedibus; et in latitudine iii. perticas et v. pedes,, et. in 
altitudine sub trabe xxi. ped' et dimid"; et desursum trabe xii. 
ped", Et in hoc orreo versus aquilonem est tassus de avena 
liabens inter postes xxviii. pedes in latitudine. in longltud' xii. 
ped' et dimidium. et in altitud' ix. ped' . Et retro hunc tassuni 
tola cetera pars iUius orrei plena est de avena usque ad festum. et 
propterea non potuit metiri . Et adhuc in hac parte orrei sunt 
duo tassi ordeacri ia duabus alis, et uterque tassus habet xi. ped' 
in latitud' et x. in altitudine et xii. in longitud' et dimid' . Contra 
liostium vero et preter hoc, inter duos proximos postes est orreum 
totum vacuum versus meridiem . Et inter alios duos postes est 
unus tassus de frumento habens xl. ped' in latitud' et cum alls in 
longitud' xii. ped' et dimidiu. x. in aititud'. et tota cetera pars 
orrei retro hunc tassum plena est de frumento usque festum, et 
propterea non potuit metiri . Et adliuc in hac parte orrei in ala 
que est versus occidentem. est unus tassus de singine habens xxv. 
ped' in longitud', et xii. in latitud'. et x. in aititud' ,. Et in curia 
est unus tassus de frumento habens xxxix. ped" in longitud', et 
xvii. ped' in latitud', et x. ped' in aititud" usque ad severundas . 
Unus ahus tassus est ibi de fabis, habens xl. ped' in longitud'. et 
xxi. ]")ed' in latitud', et xviii. in aititud' . Tercius est de pisis, habens 
xxxiv. ped' in longitud', et xvi. ped' in latitud", et xix. in aititud', 
et una meia feni habens xxxii. ped' in longitud', et xvi. in latitud', 
et totidem in altit' . Et in longa stabula est unus tassus de sili- 
gene, habens xxxii. ped' in longitud', xvi. ped' in latitud'. et xvi. 
in aititud' . Adhuc in curia sunt duo orrea, quorum unum habet 
jx. et xxxvi. ped" in longitud". et xvi. in latitudine, et totidem in 
alritud', et illud plenum est totum de ordeo . Aliud orreum habet 
c et xvii. ped' in longitudine. et xvi. in latitudine. et totidem in 


altitud'. el illud totuir. plenum e-l de bilminc : et e.\n-a iuec orrea 
niensurnta. in curia ilia sunt W. donius. ct ojunes domes illius 
curie, preler niaguum orreum. debent h jinines ex duubus Orlocis 

Ad liuc in curia ilia sunt iv. carri^. et iii. corbclle_. et duo vanni, 
et ii. paria molarum. et x. cure, et iv. tunellc; et ii. plumbi super 
fornaces, et ii. tine, et iii. tripod", et xx. scutelle, et ii. nape, cpue 
sunt ap])recia:e pro vi. d", ct vi. ciplii. et dimidia sumnia de sale. 
et ii. secures, et una tabula cum trestlis. et viii. esperdintes de 
ferro et acerio. et v. rusche . Ad hue sunt ibi v. sues, unaqua- 
que appreciata pro viii. nummis, et xviii. juvenes porci. singuU 
appreciati pro iv. d\ et viii. purceiii lactentes. Et xiii. viginti 
matres eves et una. et ix. arietes. et Ix. et viginti masculi agui. et 
xlvi, veteres castrici . Sumrna est cccc. Cjuatuor minus . Er xix. 
boves, et unusquisque appreciatus pro tribus sol*, et ii. vacca?, ad 
id" preciuni; et x. stotti. similiter appreciati. et xx. auce, et xx. 
galline. et v. galli. et v. capones. et extra his equus sacerdotis 

Ad curiam illam pertinent singulis septimanis Ixix. opera . 
Adhuc ad curiam de Waletuna inventae sunt ix. viginti acre de 
"WaretO;, de quibus xxviii, sunt rebinati. et xi. faldati. et xxxiii. 
seminati. Apud Torpeiam est orreum, habens Ixiv. pedes in longi- 
tud', et XXXV. in latitud". et xiii. ped" in altitud" sub trabe. et de- 
super usque ad festum x. ped". Versus meridiem totura plenum 
est de siligine . Versus aquilonem totum plenum est de avena et 
de ordeOj et in medio plenum est de frumento usque ad trabes . Tres 
tassi sunt ibi deforis, quorum major est totus de avena et ipse 
habet Ixx. pedes in circuitu et xix. in altitudine . Alius de sili- 
gine, et ipse habet xlrii. pedes in circuitu et xii. pedes in altitud' . 
Tercius est de avena, et ipse habet xxxvi. pedes m circuitu et xii. 
in altitud', et de domo in qua triturant bladum, dimidia pars plena 
est de siligine usque ad trabes, scilicet an ostio versus orientem, 
et altitudo u<^ ejus est x. ped'. et domus ilia tota habet xlvi. ped' 
in loHiiitud'. et xxvi. in latitudine. 


Et iterum ibi est aula, et camera, et tresantia. et due pri- 
vate domus. et coquina. et bracinium, et domus una in qua 
faciunt braisiuDi. et una daeria. et una boveria, et iii. parve domus 
gallinacere. et ii. carri. et vii. cuvcC. et ii. alge, et unum plumbum 
super fornacem. et una mola; et unum tunellum. et iii. corbelle. et 
ii. bacini. et ii. cipbi. et xii. scutelle. et ii. bucci. et parva tabella 
cum trestiis. et unum branchum turnatile. et una besca, et ii. 
secures,, et 1 uuGgium,. et 1 tarambium; et vii. esperdinte de ferro. 
Et adbuc apud Torpiam sunt xxA"iii. porci; et unusquisque appre- 
ciatus pro viii. d'. et x. boves. et iii. vaccte. singuli appreciati pro 
iii. sol", et iii. stotti singuli appreciati pro iii. sol", et i. pullus pro 
xii. d'. et iii. juvenes vituli. et i. parvus taurus unius anni. et xxiv. 
rnatres oves, et xx. masculi agni. et Ixxs. gercie. 

Et Ixxxvii. acre de Wareto. et de his xxx"s*iii. rebinati, et i. et 
dimid' faldati. et xv. serainati; et xx. auce, et vi. galline,. et ii. 
gaili_. et i. cattus senex. et ii. iuvenes catti. 

Debet etiam Ricardus arcliidiaconus ecclesias de Edolvesnasa 
tenere liberas in manu sua. et nullum de aliqua illarum imperso- 
nare. quatinus cum manerium in manus canonicorum venerit. 
siniul ipsas etiam ecclesias ab omni persona liberas recipere 


Anno ab incarnationc domini millesimo centesimo Iii. facta est 
heec coiiventio inter canonicos sci Pauli Lund' et Teod' et Rob' de 
turri . Concedunt eis Xasestoc ad firinam quara diu vixerint. et 
illis bene servierint. primo anno, id est a festo sci Micbaelis usque 
ad idem festum, reddendo ii. firmas in pane et cervisa, et con- 
stantiis pistrini et bracini. et elemosina. et duas liberationes in 
denar : primam ante natale. secundam ante pjasclia. Secundo 
anno tres firmas similes predictis, et iii. liberationes in denariis. 
primam ante natale,. secundam ante pasclia. lertiain ante festum 


sci Joli' , Tercio auiein anno iii. hrmas similiter; ct in unaquaquc 
firma n1. sol'' eisdem terminis. ct sic deiriceps singulis annis : et 
quicunque eorum super vixerit canonicis de toto respondebit . 
Quando autem vel ambo vel unus eorum mancriuin reddet, Lccc 
instauramenta cum eo reddet . Magnam grangiam plenam ex una 
parte liiemali. et ex altera parte rernali blado, et totum fenum iliius 
anni; et totam saisonem Waretatam. et xl, acras rebinatas. et 
faldicium et femicium secundum facuitatem suam, et xxx. boves 
singulos appreciates iii. sol. et iii. equos singulos appreciates iii. sol, 
et xl. eves singulas appreciatas iv. d*. et xii. sues singulas appre- 
ciatas viii. d', et unum verrum appreciatura xii. d". 


Corpus horrei quod Teod' et Robertus receperunt apud Nasestoc 
est longitudinis xxxvii. pedum, et infra postes est latitudinis xx. 
pedum . Et a terra usque ad trabem estaltitudinis xiv. pedum, et 
a trabe usque ad festum est altitudinis x. pedum . Unumquodque 
culatium hujus horrei habet in longitudine x. ped', et in altitudine 
vi., et unaqueque ala hujus horrei habet in latitudine vi. pexl" et in 
altitudine ri. ped'. 


Hsec est conrentio inter canonicos sci Pauli et Teod" et 
Robertum de turri ; quod ipse Teod" et Rob' facient justiciam de 
Rad' de Marci sicut prepositi facere debent, si non reddiderit de 
terra quam tenet de canonicis in Xasestoca quecunque reddere 
debet, tarn de censu canonicorum quam de regalibus exactionibus 
et ministrorum regis . Quod si non potuerint de eo justiciam 
facere, canonici earn facient . Quam si non fecerint, conputabunt 
eis in firma sua quodcuiique de terra debuerit. tarn de censu 
canonicorum quam de regis exactionibus et ministroruui ejus. 



Anno ab incarnatione domini M.c.l.v. . In feslo sci Michael' 
facta est hccc converitio inter canoincos sci Pauli Lund" ecclesie 
et Alexandrum canonicum concanonicum suum. scilicet, quod 
concedunt ei Sandunam ad firmam tota vita sua. quam diu eis 
inde bene servierit : primo quidem anno quatuor firmas inde 
reddendo in pane et cervisia, et liberatione, et elemosina. et 
constantiis pistrini et bracini. et quintam in solo pane . Secundo 
vero anno vi. firmas plenarias in pane et cervisia. et libera- 
tione. et elemosina. et constantiis pistrini et bracini. Tercio 
anno viii. firmas similiter plenarias. Quarto autem anno x. 
firmas plenarias in pane et cervisia. et liberatione. et elemosina. et 
constantiis pistrini et bracini. et sicdeinceps singulis annis . Hcec 
autem sunt instauramenta, quae recepit cum manerio. Aula 
scilicet • Camera . Horrea ii. magna et ii. minora . Bovaria . 
Baterissa . Bracinum . Porcaria . Gallinaria . Boves xii. quisque 
appreciatus v. sol* et iv. d.,. boves etiam xvii.. quisque appreciatus 
xl. d' . Boves item xv. quisque appreciatus iii. sol' . Equi iii, 
quisque appreciatus v. sol* . Equi etiam ii. quisque appreciatus 
ii. sol' . Caretarius equus appreciatus vi. sol' et ii. d . Sues iii. 
quosque appreciata x. d'. Hocgastri xviii. quisque appreciatus iii.d. 
Oves c. et arietes ii. queeque appreciata v. d . Agni ci. quisque 
appreciatus v. d . Carra iii. . Ventilaria lignea ii. Preter htec 
autem annumerata reddet cum manerio i. carrucam x. bourn, et 
c. ovesj et omnia seminata illius anni . Concedunt etiam ei 
ecclesiam cum manerio . Quando vero reddet manerium. reddet 
etiam eis ecclesiam ita solutam et quietam ab omni persona, sicut 
earn recepit . Firmas autem supra dictas faciet de blado manerii 
EDundo et sano. 

Numerus doraorum Sandune . Aula . Camera . privata . 
Grangice due magnte . Grangite ii. rainores . Bovaria . Bateressa . 
Bracinum . Porcaria . Gallinana. 

Numerus et precium bourn . Boves xii. quisque v. sol', et iv.d. 
Buves xvii. quisque Ix.d. Buves xv. quisque iii. sol'. 


Equi iii. qiuscjue v. sol. Equi ii. quLsque iv. .sol*. Equi iii, 
quisque ii. sol. C;iretririus emptas vi. sol'. Porci. Sues iii. quccque 
x.d'". Hocgastri sviii. quisque iii.d. Oves Ixviii. et arietes ii. 
quocque v.d. Agni ci. quisque iv.d. preter unum. 

HcEC est conventio inter cauonicos sci Pauli et Guitlmuni auri- 
fabruin. co2;nomento monaclium, super mancrio Chirjgeforcla. 
Canonici tradunt ei manerium. cum tali stauramento quale debebat 
eis Hugo archid'. Guitimus ^utem affidavit eis se manerium 
fideliter servaturum,. et preter hoc se inventurum eis saluos plegios 
ii'.fra hoc et Theophaniam, de pacto qu'td prolocutum est inter eos. 
Quod si non potuerit consummare, tunc ipse et uxor sua clama- 
bunt quietam perpetuo et conventionem antiquitus factam inter 
illos de manerio illo, et banc noviter ]3rolocutam. Tnde sunt 
testes Radulfus niac^ister latomus . Gaufridus cognatus. Mag' H'. 
Ricardus fil'. H" . filii . Gen". 


Anno ab incarnatione diii MC.xli. facta est base conventio inter 
capitulum sci Pauli Lund' ct Osbertum de ardele. Videlicet,, quod 
concedunt ei omni tempore ritae suae supradictum manerium ad 
£rmam; quam diu eis inde bene servierit et firmam bene redidderit. 
Hasc est autem firma quam reddet. Prirao anno, videlicet a festo 
sci Michael'* usque ad idem festum, reddet tres parvas firmas in 
pane et cervisia. et in constantiis pistriui et bracini. et in elemo- 
sina, et c. sol' in denariis, Secundo autem anno iv. firmas in 
pane et cervisia. et aliis constantijs. et*. in denariis. Tercio 
vero anno similiter iv. firmas in pane et cervisia. et aliis constantiis. 
et viii. Ii' in denariis et sic semper deinceps. De hoc autem. tene- 
mento juravit ipse Osbertus capitulo fideiitatem super iiii. evan- 
gelia . Heec autem sunt quae recepit in manerio. et qua reddet 
quando reddet manerium. Ibi recepit xx. boves appreciates 
Ix. sol" ; et i. equum, appreciatum iii. soP. ct iii. vaccas cum 

136 LEASE? OF >fAVOr!S 

vitulis preciatas xi. sol", et vi.d". et cxs. oves el vi. arletes preciatos 
xlii. sol', et XXX. porcos preciatos xxiv. sol* et viii.d'. Magnam 
grangiam recepit plenam frumento versus occidentem usque ad 
ostium, et versus orientern plenam avena similiter usque ad ostium, 
et medium contra ostium plenum avena, Secundam grangiam 
juxta illam recepit plenam avena usque ad ostium versus occi- 
dentem. et plenam fnamento usque ad ostium versus orientem, 
et in medio nichil. Hujus grangiae longitudo erat lii. ped' preter 
duo culatia, quas habebant longitud' xiv. ped' et latitud" xv. 
preter alam qua? habebat iv. ped', et altit' sub trabe ix. ped' et 
super trabem usque ad festum vii. ped'. Tercia grangia erat plena 
siligine usque ad balcum versus orientem usque ad ostium, et 
versus occidentem erant iii. caretate hordei, et vi. feni. Corpus 
hujus grangiee erat long"' xhni. ped", preter duo culatia unum- 
quodque vi. ped', et iadt' hujus grangiee xv. ped', preter alam, 
qucE habebat iv. ped*. et altit* sub balco x. ped', et super balcum 
usque ad festum viii. ped*. Recepit etiam bonam hallam et 
cameram . i. trisantam, et unum appenditium ad hallam versus 
sud', et i, privatam domum juxta cameram, et aliam in curia, et 
bonum granarium, et coquinam, et fenile, et stabulum, iiii. 
tonellos, et iii. cuppas, et plumbum super fornacem, et bancum, 
et bufetum, et ii. mensas, et super hsec omnia recepit nemus bene 
servatum, et pisas valentes dimidiam marcam argenti. 

Haec est conventio inter canonicos sci Pauli et magistrum Albe- 
ricum . Concedunt ei manerium suum Ardeleiam de se tenendani 
tota vita sua. quam diu eis ind^ bene servierit. Reddendo eis 
singubs annis quatuor firmas in pane et cervisia, et constanciis 
pistrini et bracini. et in elemosina. Et in unaquaque illarum 
ebdomadarum xl. sol*. Quando autem recepit manerium base 
fuerunt ibi edificia, euee cum manerio reddet . Scilicet una aula, 
et una camera appendicia, et una coquina, ct unum stabulum, et 
i pistrinum, et due grangie, una ad curiam, altera ad berwicam, et 

niRlNG THE TWF.i.FlH C KN'I V RY . 1.^7 

uiia comus servientium. In aula fueruiit duo baiiclia torna- 
tilia. et una n-jcnsa dormiens. et ununi bufieth ; fuerunt etiain ibi 
V. tunelle et vi. cuve, et ununi plumbum, et una manualis niola, 
et vii. alvei. et due arche. et una stala aita; et due vaniii, et due 
corbi'.le. et vmum ventorium, et xx. scuteHc; et iv. scipbi et due 
tine, et iii. carri. et due rote unius carecte. Gran^ria que est in 
curia habet in Inngitudine quater xx. pedes, in latitudine xl. pedes, 
in altitudine sub trablbus xix. pedes, super trabem usque ad festum 
X. pedes. Inculatio liujus grangie fuit tunc unus tassus de duabus 
partit)us frumenti. et tercia parte de mancorn. liabens in longitu- 
cine subtus ad terram six. pedes. \n latitudine xl. pedes, in alti- 
tudine xii. pedes et dimidium. In a'iterx> culatio fuit nnus tassus 
avene habens in longitudine xix. })edes. in latitndine xxx. pedes, 
altitudinem usque ad festum. Australia autem ala illius culacii 
fuit plena feni. In ala aquilonari contra bostium fuit unus tassus 
ordei habens in longitudine xv. pedes, in latitudine x. pedes, in 
altitudine vii. pedes et diinidiuni. et juxta ilium tassum fuit alter 
tassus de mancorn ejusdem meiisure. Alterum orreum scilicet 
orreum de berewica habet in longitudine Iviii. pedes, in latitudine 
xxxii. pedes, in altitudine xxv. pedes. Culacium liujus orrei in 
parte aquilonis fuit plenum frumento usque ad duos primos postes. 
nisi quantum due carrate feni occupant. Culacium autem australe 
fuit plenum avene usque ad bostium. nisi quod in summitate hujus 
avene fuit vacuum in longitudine xiii. pedum, et in altitudine 
ix. pedum. Hec mensuratio bladi facta est in festivitate sancte 
Katerine quando jam in Ardeleia cxvi, acre de frumento manerii 
erant seminate. et quando jam una firma de blado manerii fuit 
facta. Unde et quando Albericus manerium iliud canonicis reddet. 
si reddiderit ad festum sancte Katerine reddet totidem acras 
seminatas de frumento, scilicet cxvi. et unam firmam in pane et 
cerrisia, et ]>ost ea tales tassos quales recepit. Si autem reddiderit 
ad festum sci Michaelis reddet preter hos tassos bladum. unde et 
ilia seminatio et una firma in pane et cervisia fieri possit. Reddet 
etiam totum fructum pomerii illius anni. totum scilicet fructum qui 



tunc restabit; qua'.jclo nianer'.-Jm reddet. Recepit etir.ra Albericus 
itji viii. equos unuinqueiuque trium solidorum. et x. boves unum- 
quemque triuni solidorum. et vi. boves unumquemque duorum 
solidorum; et v. equos unumqufen)que vi, sol' et vii, sues et duos 
verres unumquemque viii.d. et xii. ])orcellos unutDquernq-ae iv.d. 
et xii. porceiiulos unumquemque unius deiihrii. et sexies xx. oves 
et xvi, unamquamque quatucr deiiariorum. 


Hec est conventio inter cauonicos sci Pauli Lund' et Ricardum 
ruffum concanonicum suum scilicet quod concedunt ei Belcl^a-np 
manerium suum cum omiiibus pertinenciis suis de se teiiendum 
cuam diu viserit et bene crmam reddiderit scilicet singulis annis 
viii. firmas. Duas primas in denariis utramque in sexagenis sol' : 
et sex in pane et cervisia et tricenis sol", cum constanciis pistrini 
et bracini et elernosina. Hec autem sunt instauramenta et im- 
plementa,. que reddere debet cum manerio. scilicet xviii. boves 
unusquisque precii trium sol', sex stcrti ejusdem pjiecii. Quater- 
vigmti oves, unaquaque precii iiii. denas. Quadraginta porci; qui- 
libet ejusdem precii. Domus autem infra parvam portam site 
precii xx. sol". Grangia frumentaria in longitudine a poste qui est 
in culatio usque ad postern qui est in aitero culatio sil)i opposito 
lia])et iiii. perticas et vii. pedes. Est autem pertica xvi. pedum et 
dimidii. Utrumque culatium retro postern est v. pedum directum. 
In latitudine auteni a poste usque ad postem sibi oppositum est 
unius pertice et vii. ped'. Ala vero apud north inlatum {sic) est vi. 
pedum in directum. Aia apud suth in latitud" est vii. pedum in 
directum. In altitudine autem sub trabe est unius pertice. A 
trabe autem usque ad festum est xiii. ped". L'traque vero ala in 
altitudine est vi. pedum et dimidii. Hujus ergo amplitudinis 
grangia debetur canonicis ex parte orientali retro hostium plena 
frumento. et ejusdem grangie culatium in parte occidentali plenum 

* The origiDal, which is indentec. is in the archives of the Dean and Chapter, 
No. 2C of the CouctrT Chartse. 


niancr.orn. Et ala apud north in eaceni parte ]:>lena siligine. 
Preterea in eadera occideiitaii parte tarsus usque ad medietateni 
poitis altus cum a;a apud sutli ejusdera altitudinis debet esse de 
:'r-:me:;to. Reliqua autem parte cum toto nx^yk''"-' vr.cua renia- G"a?;zia autem avenaria irj loiJL'itudiMe a postc qui est in 
cuiatio usque ad alterum postern qui est in altero culatio sibi 
opposito babet in directum iiii. j^crticas et iii. pedes, utruujque 
culadupj retro postern est vi, pedum in directum. In latitudine 
autem a poste usque ad postern sibi oppositura est unius ])ertice 
e: T. pedum in directum : utraque ala in latitudine est vii. pedum 
in directum. In altitudine autem usque ad trabera est unius per- 
rice et unius ped" et dimidii : a trabe autem iisque ad festum xiii. 
j>caum : utraque vero ala in altitudine est vii. pedum. Hujus ergo 
amplitudinis grangia debetur canonicis ex ].iarte occidentali plena 
arena retro hostium. Culatium vero ejusdem grangie in parte 
orientali plenum avena et ordeo usque ad trabem vel i. marca. 
Ala rero juxta hoc culacium infra duos postes proximos in parte 
versus suth plena ordeo. Tota reliqua parte grangie remanente 
vacua cum meylone. Htcc inquam omnia reddet ipse, ut pre- 
disimus, vel quern substituere debet c.^ conventione ad annum 
suum complendum. His testibus. Hug'" Decanus, Nicbolaus ar- 
cbid', Mag Raduli', iNIag Xicbot. Wittm de Norhaii, Mag Henf, 
Mag Hug. Mag Ricard'. Wittm' de Belm. Ricard^ de Strathforth 


S. PAULI, 1181. 

Hec est inquisicio de Cadendona. 

Manerium de Cadendona defendebr.t se tempore Regis Henrici 
I'rimi et ^Vitti Decani versus Regem pro decern hydis, et adhuc 
ita est. Vicecomiti reddebat viginti solid' et adhuc reddit ; 
Canonicis Sancti Panli mode reddit firraam plene ebdoniade, et 
in Xataii unani marcam. In Nativitate Sancti J^his duas marcas 
et dimid'. In festo exaltacionis Sancte Cruris duas marcas vel 
]>anera unius ebdomade pro libito firmarii. In festo Sancti Mich' 
Ix. solid'. De hiis decern hydis quinque sunt in dominio, et 
quinque de terra assisa. Summa denariorura vii. Hb' et vi. solid' 
et xi, den' et ob. 

Hec est inquisicio de Kenes\^Ttha. 
Manerium de Keneswrtha defendebat se tempore Regis Henrici 
et WiHi Decani pro x. hydis versus Regem. et reddebat vicecomiti 
S.X. solid' . et adhuc ita est. Canonicis vero reddit xiii. Hb". De x. 
hydis v. fuerunt in dominio et adhuc sunt, in quibus v. hydis con- 
tinentur xx. virgate. de quibus et potuit et poterit dominus ponere 
ad operacionem quantum voluerit. De hiis xx. virgatis sunt in 
dominio ccc. acre de terra arabih, et in bosco cc. acre. Est ibi 
pastura ccc. ovibus. Summa denariorum x. lib et vii. solid et ot». 

Hec est inquisicio de Ardeleya. 

Manerium de Ardeleia defendebat se tempore Regis H, primi et 
\\'itti Decani pro vii. hydis versus Regem. Vicecomiti reddebat 
XX. solid et adhuc ita est. Et reddit modo Canonicis iiii""". firmas 
plenas. De sex predictis hydis due fuerunt in dominio, et iiii"''. 
assise et adhuc sunt. Summa denariorum .v. lib. ct iii. solid' et 
x.t1., et x.§, de incremento. 

CAPirULl ECCLESl.E S. VAVLl, 11 SI. 141 

Hec est inquisicio de Sandoiia. 

Maiieriuui de Sandona defendebat se tempore Regis Heur 
])rimi et "\A itti Decani pro x. hydis versus Regem; et reddebat 
viceconjiti xl. soFj Canoiiicis x. firmas plenas. et adhuc ita est. 
Et preter x. predictas hydas due hyde sunt apud Luvehale que 
reddunt vicecomiti dimid' marcam, sed dicunt quod tempore 
Henrici Regis non reddebant. et sunt de manerio de Sandon. De 
X. bydis predictis de Sandona dimid' hyd' j-)ertinet ad ecclesiam et 
defendit se versus Regem. Altera dimid' est in dominio geldabilis 
et ix. sunt assise. Summa deiKiriorum xii. life et ii. sol' et x.d. 

Hec est inquisicio de Luveliale. 

Dicunt jurati quod tempore Henr Regis fuerunt due hyde apud 
Luffehale, quarum una fuit in dominuo, altera assisa. et fuit in 
defensa si. sol" de Sandon versus Regem, et reddebat Canonicis i. 
firmam plenam ; raodo defendebat se versus Regem pro diraid' 
marc' et reddit modo Canonicis si. soi'. Integra hvda fuit in 
dominio. quando Odo recepit firmarius. Summa denariorum xl. 
sol' per manum firmarii. 

Hec est inquisicio de Belchamp. 
Manerium de Belchaun}p defendebat se tempore Regis H. pro v. 
hydis versus Regem, et adhuc ita est ; vicecomiti tunc dabantur 
iiii""". sor. et preposito hundred! v. sol' per manum firmarii, et 
adhuc ita est, et reddit modo Canonicis viii. firmas plenas. vi. in 
pane et cervisia et in unaquaque firma xxx. sol' ad iiberacionem, 
et duas alias utramque in sexagenis solidis. Sunrjma denariorum 
xiii. lib' et viii. sol' et ii. deii et ot>. 

Hec est inquisicio de Wycham. 

Manerium de Wichara defendebat se tempore Regis Henr et 
WiSi Decani pro iii. hydis una virgata minus versus Regem, et 
daijat vicecomiti per annum iiii. sol', et j^reposito Imndredi iii. sol', 
et adhuc ita est: sed a tempore Robti Mantel dederunt omni anno 


ciiinid' marc", preter predictos vii. sol'" vicecomiti per firmarios, sc' 
Bartholomeum et Galfrid'". et preterea omni anno vi. den de War- 
penni. Reddit inodo Canonicis duas firmas plenas. et in utraque 
firma 1. sol". Dicunt esse integrum dominium preter duas acras. 
quas tenet Rail' telarius pro vii.d. Sunt rnodo in dominie cc. acre 
in terra arabili. In prato v. acre. In bosco vestito circiter c. acre 
et circa boscum in terra non vestita Ix. acre. De hoc dominio 
una virgata et ix. acre geldant cum A'illata. In domiinio due sunt 
modo caruce_. et est ibi pastura ad iiii°''. vaccas et ad sexies xx. 
oves et ad xxxii. capras. Sura ma denariorum xxxviii. sol' et 
V. den. 

Hec est inquisicio de Edulvesnase. 

Manerium de Edulvesnase defendebat se teti.pore Regis Henrici 
et Willi Decani pro xx. et vii. hydis et dimid" de suutinge, et 
reddebat x. sol' vicecomiti et preposito v. sol', sed a tempore Witli 
de Hochendune reddit preposito x. sol'. Canonicis vero modo 
1. lib. Sumraa denariorum xiiii. lib. et ii. sol' et i. ob. 

Hec est inquisicio de Titwoldintona. 

Manerium de Titwoldintona defendebat se tempore Regis Henrici 
et ^^'i!ii Decani pro vii. bydis et dimid" et reddebat vicecomiti iiii. 
solid' et preposito iiii. sol', et adhuc ita est. Canonicis reddebat 
tunc iii. firmas et dimid', sed propter vastum bosci et maris, qui 
fiebat tempore guerre, non reddit modo Canonicis nisi iii. firmas 
plenas cum custamentis suis. De vii. hydis et dimid' predictis iiii. 
sunt in dominio, et iii. et dimid' sunt assise, sed iiii. hyd' quiete 
sunt preter quam de hydagio et denegeld. Summa denariorum 
iiii. lib" et iiii.s. et ob. 

Hec est inquisicio de Tillingeharn. 

Manerium de Tillingeharn defendebat se tempore Rejis Henrici 
et Witii Decani versus Regera pro xx. hydis cum vi. hvdis scolan- 
darum. De hiis xx. hvdis fuerunt v. hvde in dominio Canoni- 

CAl'lTl'Ll ECCLr.SI.E ?. TAULI, 11 bl. 143 

corum et adhuc su;,t.. el reddebaiit et recldunt preposito hundred! 
unam marcam. et vicecomiti ix. sol' et iiii. de anxilio. de quo v. 
hyce ce dominico sunt quicte, 5-ed cum aliis sunt geldabiles in 
omr.i hydagio. Tempore Regis Henrici reddcbat v. firmas. ut 
dicunt juratores se audisse. sed m^do reddit iiii. liru)as Canoiiicis 
cum custamentis et quadragenis sol'. Summa denariorum vi, lib' 
et s. sol* et iii.d. et ot. 

Hec est inquisicio de Berlinga. 

Maneriura de Berlinga defendebat se tempore Regis Henrici et 
Wi!ii Decani pro tribus bydis versus Ilegem. et dedit bundredo iii. 
sob* per annum, et adbuc ita est. Mocio reddit Canonicis iii. firmas 
cum cusramentis et quadragenis sol'. Tempore Regis Henrici 
defeiidebat se dominium pro ii. bydis xl. acris minus, et modo pro 
byda et dimidb- quod factum est per \Vittm Decanum. Summa 
oenarioruru Ixs. sol' et vi.d. 

Hec est inquisicio de Run-welle. 

Manerium de Runwelle defeiidebat se tempore Regis Henrici et 
Wi^i Decani pro viii. bydis versus Regem, et reddebat vicecomiti 
iiii. sob. et preposito hundredi iiii.'s.; et adbuc ita est. Canonicis 
modo reddit vi. lib' et xii. sob". Quatuor byde tunc fuerunt assise 
et adhuc sunt, et iiii. in dominio. Summa denariorum Iii. sol' 
et v.d. et ob. 

Hec est inquisicio de Nortuna. 

Manerium de Nortuna defendebat se tempore Regis Hen? et 
TS'iiii Decani pro xl. acris versus Regem, dando preposito bun- 
dredi sii.d. et ii.e. pro Warpeni ; et sunt ibi c. acre de terra arabili, 
et V. acre de prato et xii. acre de bosco. Et est ibi pastura xl, 
ovibus et iii. vaccis. In dominio est una caruca. et reddit Canoni- 
cis infra octavas Pasce xl. sol" et in Kxaltacione Sancti Crucis Ix. 
sol'. Summa denariorum 


Hec est inquisicio de Nastoca. 

Maneriura de Xastoca defendebat se tempore Regis H. et Wifti 
Decani pro viii. hydis versus Regem. et adhuc ita est. Et mode 
reddit vicecomiti dimid' rnarcam. et preposit<j ]iui)dredi viii.'g et de 
\var])eni xx.d.. et de quoliliet husebondo i. ob. de franco j^iegio. 
Canoiiicis reddit. iii. iirmas plenas cum quadragenis sol'. Domi- 
iiium totum quietum est ab omni servicio. quod vlllata defendit. 
Summa denarioriim vii. lib, et vii. sot. et i. deii. 

Hec est inquisicio de Chingcsford. 

Mancrium de Chingcsford defendebat se tempore Regis Henr 
et Wiiji Decani pro v. liydiS; et adhuc ita est. et reddebat hundredo 
de Waltham x.r!. de Warpeni et facicbat suitam hundred! de 
Waltham cum preposito et duobus horainibus, et veniebant 
homines ejusdem tenement! ad scotallam prepositi, sed modo a 
tempore magistri Hugonis de Marini prefer hoc reddit annuatim 
preposito liundredi v. sol', ad minus. Yicecomiti reddebat tempore 
Regis Henrici v. sol', pro omni servicio et adhuc reddit: horum 
V. sol', medietatem reddit dominium et villata medietatem ; sed de 
warpeni et de v. sol', prepositi quietum est dominium : et reddit 
Canonicis duas fir;i'.as plenas cum quadragenis sol'. In dominio 
sunt sepcies xx. acre et v, acre de terra arabili, de prato xvii. acre. 
De pastura in marisco xvii. acre. De bosco vestito circiter cc.acr. 
Til grava parva juxta curiam ii. acre. Preter lioc Matheus fores- 
tarius tenet de dominio v. acre, et unam acram prati pro xii.d'. 
per Ailmarum firmarium. Tantum instauramentum potestesse in 
hoc tenemento c. oves, c. capre. et xv. vacce. et i. taurus, et x. truie 
cum verro uno. Equicium quantum volueris, una caruca potest 
uainiare dominium cum consuetudinibus villate preter ruthebydam 
quam occupat^m detinet Rob' de Valonif xi. virgatas et dimid', 
que fuerunt assise et adhuc sunt. Summa denariorum iiii. lib' et 
\ii sul'. et i.d. minus. 


Hec est inquisicio de Berna. 
Manerium de Berna defendebat se tempore Regis Henr et 
Wifti Decani pro iiii. hvdis et adhuc ita est. et fuerunt quieti tem- 
pore Regis Henrici per quietanciam Archiepiscopi, et adhuc 
sunt, et geidant cum horainibus Archiepiescopi de Wimendun, 
sed dicunt se tempore guerre dedisse vicecomiti v. sol', et iiii.d. et 
ii. summas siliginis. et i. ordei dederunt bailiivis hundredi. 
Modo reddit Canonicis iii. firmas plenas. De hiis iiii'". liydis due 
fuerunt assise, et ii. in dominio; et adhuc sunt : Et sunt in dorainio 
de terra arabili ccc. et xliiii, acr^. In prato circiter xL acr' in 
latitudine. In grava de spineto circiter x. acr'. Est ibi pastura 
ad Ix. ores, et ad xri. vaccas. In dominio sunt due caruce. Do- 
minium est quietum ab omni servicio. et est ibi molendinum, quod 
reddit xvi. sol'. Summa denariorum Ixvii. sol', et x. den'. 

Hec est inquisicio de Draytuna. 

Manerium de Draiton defendebat se tempore Regis Henr et 
Witti Decani pro x. hydis. et adhuc ita est, et reddebat tunc vice- 
comiti V. sol', sed a tempore guerre soh-it vicecomiti x. sol', per 
Theodoricum firmarium, et preter hoc reddit ii. sol', de franco 
plegio. Canonicis vero reddit modo ii. firmas plenas cum quadra- 
genis sol'. De hydis hiis x. due fuerunt in dominio. una in scolanda, 
et vii. assise, et ilia de scolanda semper geldebat cum aliis ix,. et 
adhuc geldat. Summa denariorum vi. lib', et viii. sol', et xi.d. 

Hec est inquisicio de Sutthona. 
Manerium de Suthtona defendebat se tempore Regis Henr et 
Witti Decani pro iii. hydis, et reddebat vicecomiti iii. sol', et adhuc 
ita est; et reddit modo Canonicis ii. firmas plenas cum quinqua- 
genis sol', et preterea xl. sol'. In dominio sunt circiter sexcies 
XX. acre et x. de terra arabili. In prato xvi. acre. In bosco vestito 
circiter xxx. acre, et de piscaria habent Canonici v. sol', vel de- 
cimum piscem. Est ibi pastura ad Ix. oves. et ad v. vaccas. Sunt 
ibi due caruce. Dominium quietum est ab omni servicio. Sex- 
decim virgate sunt assise. Aluricus tenet unam'garam de dominio 


pro duobus soccis . Sumnia denariorum vii. lib', et iii. sol'", et 
vii.d.. de piscaria v.g. De essarto iiii.d. 

Maneriolum de "Wigeiai. quurn de communi consensu totius 
capituli traditum est ad nrmam hercditario possidenuuni sub annua 
pensione >;!. sol', descripcioni non subjacet. Summa denariorum 
xl. sol". 

Hec est inquisicio de Edburgeton. 

Manerium vero de Edburgeton, quum Canonicis annuos prestat 
sol', quinquaginta. describere supersedercus ea ratione. quam supra 
])0suimus de Wigeiai. Summa denariorum 1. sol'. 

Post maneriorum inquisicioneni ecclesiarum sequitur inquisicio. 

Patrimonium beati Pauli doctoris gentium in ecclesia Londo- 
niensi liberalitate regum,. oblacione fidelium. Canonicis ibidem Deo 
servientibus collatum antiquitus. ordine quo supra descriptum est. 
cum de maneriis ageretur. Si volueris diligencius perscrutari per 
ordinem vires locorum occultatas hucusque, non poteris amodo 
causari tibi prorsus incognitas. Ad communem igitur utilitatera 
respiciens, si primam vocem habueris in capitulo. si vel fueris 
ascriptus in matricula canonicorum; nulla racione sustineas. ut si 
firmariorum potestas. qui modo possident. expiraverit quoquo 
casu, quod aliquis. vel canonicus. vel extraneus. simul ad firmam 
possideat et manerium et ecclesiam, sed ne promiscuis actibus 
rerum turbentur officia. sit semper in eadem villa distincio perso- 
narum ; sit alter qui temporalibus presit. sit alter qui spiritualia 
subministret : sit alius qui decimas solvat. sit alius qui recipiat. 
Ordinetur autem vicarius in ecclesiis juxta dispositionem capituli^ 
Gui si facultates ecclesie patiantur. dum servit altari sit contentus 
altario ; si non paciantur. victus capellano suppleatur ex decimis 
ad arbitrium tale,, quod semper honestati sit conscium. Reliqui 
vero fructuS; quos in ecclesia prupriis sumptibus excoluerit. ma- 
iores quoque decime reserventur canoiiicis. vel ad annuum censum 
capellanis vel aliis clericis tradantur ad iirmam. De regulari jure 
faciendum est. qucTd supradixiinus. nisi necessitas urgens interdum 

CAl'lTULl ECCLEJfl.L S. I'ALJ.]; llbl. 147 

aliud aiiquid fieri pro ratione temporis et utilitale magjia capituli 
tia<:itaverit. Ordiiictur autem vicarius in ecclesiis juxta disposi- 
cionem tarn Decani quani cajDituli. Quae sit ergo dos ecclesiarum. 
Quid solvatur ca])itrLlo. Quid per clericos. Quid ve per firma- 
rium ecclesie nomine. Quid in aliquibus locis ecclesie matrici 
jure parochiaii solvatur, a qua noster firmarius. a qua nostri coioni 
recipiant spiritualia. Quid solvatur pro sinodalibus. Quis col- 
ligat beati Petri denarium. Quid solvatur Archidiaconis Hunte- 
donie vel Bedefordie. Quis ecclesiarum ornatus. diligenter an- 
Jiexum invenies in sequentibus. Explicit prologus. 

Status ecclesicc de Cadendona. 

Ecclesia de Cadendona est in dominio canonicorum. et reddit 
eis XX. sol' per manum clericorum Rodbti et Rodbti. Reddit 
autem Archidiacono Herefordie xiLe. in media quadragesima. Ad 
priraam synodum post pascha xviii.d. Ad secundam sinodum 
post festum sancti Michaelis xviii.d. Decanus loci colligit dena- 
rium beati Petri et solvit Archidiacono predicto. Habet hec ecclesia 
x. acras liberas ab omni secular! servicio, et recipit a dominio 
sancti Pauli terciam partem garbarum, et servit capelle que est in 
curia tribus diebus per ebdomadam. si firmarius voluerit et pre- 
sens fuerit^ vel ejus senescallus. 

Status ecclesicc de Kenesworda. 

Ecclesia de Kenesworda est in dominio canonicorum. et reddit 
eis XX. sol" per manum Augusrini clerici. Reddit autem Archi- 
diacono Huntedonie xii.d. in media quadragesima. Ad primam 
sinodum post pascha xviii.d. Ad secundam sinodum post festum 
Sci Michaelis xviii. d. Decanus loci colligit denarium beati Petri 
et solvit Archidiacono predicto. Habet haec ecclesia unam vir- 
gatam terre liberam ab omni seculari officio. 

Status ecclesia; de Ardeleia. 

Ecclesia de Ardeleia est in dominio canonicorum. quam Harao 
clericus tenet, et reddit eis tres marcas et dimid'. Et respondet 


Arcbidiacono. et solvit sinodnlia et deiiarium beati Petri sicut 
Kenesworda. Habet bee ecclesia unam virgatam et ix. acras 

Staras ecclesiae de Sandona. 

Ecclesia de Sandona tempore Regis Henrici fuit separata a 
firma, et nil reddebat Canonicis; sed mode reddit v. marc' per 
Ricardum canonicum Armarium, et respondet Arcbidiacono et 
solvit sinodalia et denariura beati Petri sicut Ardeleia. Habet 
ecclesia dimid" hidam eeldabilem versus regem. 

Status ecclesicG de Baldecamp. 

Ecclesia de Baldecamp est in donatione canonicorum, de qua 
Rob'tus clericus est persona ex donatione Decani et capitub. et dicit 
se reddere annuara marcam Ruffo firmario non nomine ecclesicB, 
sed propter avoeriam. Reddit bee ecclesia in sinodalibus xii.d. 
Denario beati Petri svi.d. quos colligit Rob'tus clericus et solvit. 
Habet haec ecclesia virgatam unam in terra arabili liberam et qui- 
etara ab orani servicio et unam gravam unius acre et dimid', et 
unam rodam prari juxta calceiam de Clare ; babet etiam iii. acras 
ex divisa, una roda minus. 

Status ecclesiee de Wicbam. 

Ecclesia de Wicbam est in dominio canonicorum, et reddit eis 
ii. sol' in festo sancti Micbael' per manum Wiiti de Fulenbara 
personae ejusdem ecclesie. Hec ecclesia reddit nomine sinodabum 
xiiii.d. De denario beati Petri vi.d. Habet bee ecclesia dimi- 
diam virgatam, quam tenuit Jeremias, et debet firmario de censu 
viii.d. et est geldabilis. 

Status ecclesiae de Waletona. 

Ecclesia de Waletona est in dominio canonicoiiim, et reddit fir- 
mario XX. sol'. Reddit bee ecclesia nomine sinodabum xii.d, De 
denario beati Petri svi.d. et babet duas acras bberas. et unum 
mesuagium duarum acrarum, et unum curtilagium, et decimam 
tocius bladi de domin'.a. 


\ C •' ( , / 

CAPJTULI ECCLESIyE S. V A U LI .1, 1 8 fl' iC i-^ 141) 

Status ecclesia? de Kyrkebi. 

Ecclesia de Kyrkebi est in doniinio canonicorum, et reddit no- 
mine sinodalium xiiii.d. De denario beati Petri xvi.d. et habct 
X. acras liberas in dominio, et habet integre omnes decimas par- 
rochie sue exceptis illis de terra abbatis, de qua non habet nisi 
garbas et caseum. 

Status ecclesicc de Torp. 

Ecclesia de Torp est in dominio canonicoruraj et reddit firmario 
XX. sol' per manum Johis. qui earn tenet de Ricardo canonico fir- 
mario, et solvit pro sinodalibus xiii.d. ; et de denario beati Petri 
xvi.d. Habet hec ecclesia iiii"-. acras in libera elemosina et 
omnes decimas de dominio, et de villata majores et minores. 

Status ecclesisE de Tiwoldintuna. 

Ecclesia deTitwoldintuna est in dominio canonicorum, et reddit 
eis XX. sol' per manum magistri Hugonis de Lond'. Solvit haec 
ecclesia nomine sinodalium xiiii.d. De denario beati Petri vi.d. 
quos colligit sacerdos et solviL Habuit ecclesia ista de terra 
arabili xx. acras antededicationem et in dedicatione datse sunt x.acrce 
de terra arabili per Hugonem Decanum, et in bosco vii. acre, 
et unum masagium juxta pontem, et mariscum. s. Chirchehop. 
Totum hoc tenementum ecclesiee liberum est ab omni servicio. 

Status ecclesiae de Tillingeham. 

Ecclesia de Tillingeham est in dominio canonicorum, et reddit 
eis i. marc' per manus firmariorum ; et solvit nomine sinodaUum 
xiiii.d. De denario beati Petri xvi.d. Habet hec ecclesia in 
dominio suo Ix. acras hberas, et recipit terciam partem decimarum 
de dominio tam in magnis decimis quam in rainutis, et de villata 

Status ecclesiee de Berlinga. 
Ecclesia de Berlinga est in dominio canonicorum, et reddit eis 


XX. sol'', per manuin firmarii et reddit iiomine sinodalium xiiii.c!. 
De denario beati Petri x.d. quos colligit, solvit et sacerdos, et 
habet in dominio suo xx. acras liberas cum uno mesuagio. et 
recipit totam decimam de viUata, et terciam partem decimarum de 
dominio tarn in majoribus quara in miiiutis. 

Status ecclesioe de Rune\velle. 

Ecclesia de Runewelle fundata non est in dominio canonicorum; 
recipit de dominio canonicorum pro decimis ii. acras. unam de 
frumentO; alteram de avena. Habet hec ecclesia terciam partem 
omnium decimacionum tam majorura quam minorum de tota 
villata. Due vero [crtes pertinent ad dominium ad firmam 
faciendam. sed per capituium. Rad" persona ecclesie ejusdem 
ville habet eas omnes pro iiii.'"" sol', quos annuatim reddit fir- 
mario, sed hoc est personale beneficium. Magister Ricardus habet 
omnes decimas de dominio tam majores quam minores excepta 
lana. ex dono Ricardi archidiaconi et ex permissione Ricardi 
Ruffi, quas pertinent ad dominiura ad faciendam firmam. 

Status ecclesiffi de Magna Angra. 

Ecclesia de Magna Angra curam parrochialem extendit Xortuna 
et recipit de toto manerio omnes decimas tam majores quam 
minoreS; sed tamen propter vicinitatem christianitatis solvit ecclesie 
de Fifhide i. soccam frumenti et unam soccam de avena. Et 
firmarius colligit de denario beati Petri vi.d. sed nullum solvit. 

Status ecclesicE de Nastocha. 

Ecclesia de Nastocha est in dominio canonicorum, et reddit eis 
Ix. sol', per manum firmarii, et solvit nomine sinodalium xii.d. De 
denario beati Petri ill. sol" quos colligit sacerdos et solvit. Et 
habet in dominio de terra arabili xlvii. acras, in bosco quadra- 
gesimas acras, et defendit eas versus Regem pro quater viginti 
acris. Habet etiam decimas plenas tocius ville, et de dominio 
terciam "-arbam. 

CAl'ITULI ECCLESI.^: S. TAULl. llbl. ]51 

Status ecclesicG de Chingesford. 

Ecclesia de Chingesford fundata non est in dominio beati Pauli. 
nee aliquid recipit de dominio can oni cor urn, sed de tola villata 
recipit decir.:am garbam tantuui : et nunquam solverunt minutas 
decimas. nee adhuc solvunt ; et reddunt de denario beati Petri x.d. 
quos coUigit tirmarius et reddit. 

Status ecclesiee de Berna. 

Ecclesia de Berna est in dominio canonicorum. et solvit nomine 
sinodalium iii. sol' Wintoniensi episcopo. Sacerdos colligit dena- 
rium beati Petri, et solvit apud Wimendon quantum colligit. 
Habet bee ecclesia in dominio suo de terra arabili ix. acras liberas, 
in prato unam acram, et babet tarn de dominio quam de villenagio 
omnes decimas. excepto feno. 

Status ecclesicc de Draitona. 

Ecclesia de Draitona est in dominio canonicorum, et reddit eis 
annuam marcam per manum Wi!ii de Norebale firmarii : et 
reddit nomine sinodalium xii.d. De denario beati Petri xii.d. 
quos colligit sacerdos et reddit. Habet hec ecclesia in dominio 
suo de terra arabili xxii. acras. in prato unam, geldabiles ; et 
unum mesuagium, et babet terciam partem decimacionum de 

Status ecclesiee de Sutton. 

Ecclesia de Sutton est in dominio canonicorum, et reddit eis 
X. sol", per mannm firmarii, et solvit nomine sinodalium xiii.d. 
Firmarius colbgit denarium beati Petri et sibi retinet. Plabet hec 
ecclesia in dominio suo xvi. acras et dimid. de terra arabili, in 
prato i. acram liberas, et habet de dominio terciam partem deci- 
manim, tarn in majoribus quam. in minoribus. Similiter de 
dominio Scotlande thesaurarii terciam partem decimarum, et de 
duabus villatis totas decimas preler fenum. 


Status ecclesiae de Willesdona. 
Ecclesia de Willesdona est in dominio canonicorum; et reddit 
eis viii. marc' per manum Germani clerici. et solvit nomine sino- 
dalium xiii.d. Et habet bee ecclesia omnes decimas tarn de 
dominicis quam de aliis teneraentis. et majores et minores esceptis 
de dominio magistri Xicholai,. et de dominio magistri David, et viii. 
acrarum de la Cnolle de tenemento de Chesewic. et aliarum viii. 
acrarum de la Cnolle de tenemento de Suttuna, et de tenemento 
xl. acrarum quas coluerunt moniales de Keleburne. 

Status ecclesiae de Tuitford. 
Ecclesia Sancti Pauli recipit a capella de Tuitferd sii.d. pro 
decimis annone, pro decimis ovium et caprarum, quae quidem 
capella non alicui vicinarum ecclesiarum appendula. sed permissu 
capituli baptizat infantes, sepelit mortuos quos voluerit. dum modo 
non ad aliquam ecclesiarum episcopi. 

In tempore Wulmanni decani reddiderant predicta raaneria 
firmam istam Canonicis Sci Pauli. 

Berna reddidit duas septimanas et duos dies cum tertia parte diei. 

Suttona duas septimanas et duos dies cum tertia parte diei. 

Chingeford duas septimanas et duos dies cum tertia parte diei. 

Draitona duas septimanas et duos dies. 

Nastocha Aldwini duas septimanas et duos dies. 

Runewelle duas septimanas. 

Sandona. roda . Luffenheda 5. septim. et duos dies. 

Runewelle duas septimanas. 

Ardleia quatuor septimanas. 

Cadendona unam septimanam. 

Berlinga tres septimanas. 

Tillingeham tres septimanas. 

"Wicham duas septimanas et iiii. dies et dimid. 

Nortuna unam septimanam. 

BelchamjD duos menses et duos dies. 

Tudvvoldintuna unum mensem. 


Circa A.D. \-29CK 

In extenta manerii inquireiida. 

De situ manerii; quantum valeat communibus annis, in gardinis, 
curtilagiis, coluuibariis. rivariis. herbagiis,. et omnibus aliis exitibus 
per annum. Item,, quot carucats terree arabilis, vel quothidae, seu 
virgatre terra?, et quot acras continet hyda vel virgata ibidem. 

Item, quot camipi sunt in dominico. et quot acrce. sunt in quolibet 
campo. et quabbet sevsone distinguntur. quantum valeat qucclibet 
acra per se communibus annis. 

Item, quot acne prati sunt in dominico. et quantum valeat qua;']il:)et 
acra per se, et ii:i quot partibus et ubi jaceat pratum. Item quot 
acrec pasturae. et cujusmodi bestias et quut sustinere poterit, et 
quantum valeat pastura cujuslibet bestiee ad locandum per annum. 

Item, de pastura forinseca, quae est communis, quot et quas 
bestias vel animaba dominus in ea possit habere. Et quantun 
valeat pastura cujuslibet bestiaevel animalis per annum ad locandum. parcis et dominicis boscis, quae dominus ad voluntatem 
suam assartare possit et excolere. quot acras in se contineaut. Et 
pro quanto vestura cujuslibet acras possit appreciari, et quantum 
fundus valeret, si assartareter. et quantum valeret quaelibet acra per 

Item, de boscis forinsecis. ubi alii communicent. in quanto possit 
dominus de eis appruare, et quot acras contineant, et quantum 
valeat vestura cujuslibet acrae communiter. et quid valeret quaelibet 
assartata per annum. 

Item, an dominus de dictis boscis forinsecis aliquid dnre vel 

-•^ I- 


vendere possit. et quantum hujusmodi donaciones vel vendiciones 
sibi valeant per aniiura. 

Item, de molendinis aquaticis; venticiis; vel caballariis. vel ful- 
lonicis. vivariis. ripariis. piscariis, separalibus et conimuiiibusj et 
quantum valeat per annum quarlibet eorum distincte per se. 

Item, de pesuaglis. herbagiis. melle, et omnibus exitibus bos- 
corum. et subbosco_. quantum valet per annum. 

Item, de moris. brueris, turbariis, marleriiS; graveris. et aliis 
hujusmodi; quantum valeant per annum. 

De libera tenentibus, quot sunt, et qui intrinsici vel forinseci, et 
qucc tenementa. feoda, vel terras quivis teneat. et per quod servi- 
cium. an per socagium. serianciam, vel servicium inilitare, vel alio 
modo. Et qui teneant de don:iinicis veteribus vel novis. essartis 
novis vel antiquis. 

Item., quantum reddat qullibet per annum de redditu assiso. Et 
qui tenent per cartam. et qui non. Et qui per antiquam tenuram, 
et qui per novum feoffamentun:i. 

Item, qui sequuntur curiam doraini, et qui non : et quid et 
quantum proveniat domino urilitatis per mortem talium. 

Item, ad quas consuetndines teneantur, in falcando prata, 
metendo bladajbedehalsaker, bedemad, herbara spargendo, levando, 
tassando ; et inveniendo homines ad precarias siccas, vel alias, et 
ceteris hujusmodi. 

De custumariis. quot sunt, et qui, quantum terree vel tenement! 
quilibet teneat de domino, et ubi, et quantum de dominicis, vel 
essartis. veteribus seu novis. 

Item, quantum reddat quilibet de redditu assiso per annum, et 
ad quos terrainos. 

Item, quantum reddat de maltselver, denariis Petri, ward]ieny, 
averagio, pasnagio, vel avera^io, chevagio, vel hevedeshot, land- 
gavel, cherchesed, wodeselver. galunselver, capnnibus, gallinis, 
pultinis, aucis, ovis, cultris, vomeribus, blado, deddis vel minis 
avenae, brasio, fodercorn, vel aliis quibuscunque redditibus. 

Item, quas operationes et consuetudines quilibet debeat, vel in 


arando. seminando, herciando; sarclaiido;, metendo, ligando, ca- 
riando, tassando, triturandoj veiitaiidoj averando, brasium domini 
faciendo. vel braciando. 

Item, falcando ]:)rata, vertendo, levando,. cariando. tassando et 

Item, calces seu cleias ad faldam doaiini faciendo, porLando, et 
stipulam colligendo. 

Item, oves domini custodiendo, lavando, et tondendo. 

Item, domos vel muros faciendo, reficiendo, vel operiendo. 

Item, sepes claudendo, fossata faciendo vel mundando. 

Item, nuces coUigendo. 

Item, ferramenta fabricandu, vel reliciendo. 

Item, boscum prosternendo, cariando, scindendo, et siccando, 
balneum preparando. 

Item, fimum cariando et spargendo, vel quascunque alias opera- 
ciones faciendo. 

Item, quantum valeat qucclibet operacio vel consuetudo per 
annum distincte per se. 

Item, quid et quantum dabit pro filia sua maritanda intra 
maneriura pari suo vel extra. 

Item, qui possunt talliari ad voluntatem domini et qui non. 

De cotagiis, qui cotagia et curtilagia tenent, quot, et qui, et 
quantum tenent. 

Item, quantuui solvat quilibet de redditu assiso. 

Item, quas operaciones et consuetudines facere teneantur. 

De placitis et perquisitis curiarum hundred, visu franciplegii, et 
aliis hujusmodi expleciis, quae valeant per annum. 

De escaetis, wardis, releviis, herieteis, et maritagiis, quantum 
valere possint comrounibus annis. 

De advocacionibus ecclesiarum, et quid valeat qua^libet illarum 
communibus annis, 

De nundinis, mercatis, tolnetis, stallagiis, et aliis hujusmodi, quid 
valeant communibus annis. 

Item, quid et quantum dominus solvere vel facere debeat aliis, in 


redditibuS; sectis. consuetudinibus. operacioiiibus. ct aliis bujus- 
modi, cui ct quibus tendinis, "ut sic pateat quantum sibi libere 
reraaneat deductis omriibns deHucendis. 


FiRMARUM Capituli saxcti Pauli Lon DOX I ARU ]SI. 

Ciroi A.D. 1320. 

Primo de Spirit ualibus. 

An cancelhc et ccclesiae cum suis cimiteriis. in ornamentis. bbris. 
vasis. operimentis. clausurisj et ceteris necessariis. prout conveuit, 
custodiantur ; et si non, qui sunt defectus, et cujus estimacionis. 

Item, de moribus. vita et conversacione vicarioruni; capella- 
norum, et clericorum ecclesiis servienciura, an sint sufficientes ad 
regendum curas eis commissas. et an vicarii sint residentes, prout 
artantur : et si per eorum defectum ecclesiae officium, \e\ devocio 
parocliianorum minuatur, vel si abquis parocbianorum obierit sine 
viatico. vel sacramentis ecclesiee. qui et qualiter. 

Item, an preedicti vicarii. capellani^, vel clerici, seu aliqui de 
parocbianis sint diffaniati de usura, adulterio, fornicacionc. vel 
aliis criminibus; qui et de quibus. 

Item, qui parocbiani debeant redditus. in pecunia. cera,. vel 
oieo, aut rebus aliis ad defectus ecclesiee reparandos, vel lurainaria 
sustentanda, et si aboua sint subtracta. quae et per quern. 

Nunc de Temporalibus. 
In priniis inquiratur an domus maneriorum,. tam infra clausum 
quam extra, una cum molendinis. ventricis et aquaticis. in lapidibus. 
molaribus. et aliis. necnon bercariis. in solitis fundamentis debite 
reparentur et sustententur. 

MANORS (jF iJT. 1\^UL .S. 15/* 

Item, an maneria muris; sepibus. vel fossatis. more solito et 
debito sufficienter claudantur. et si non. qui sir.t defectum singillatim, 
et cujus estimacionis. 

Item, an tora terra nianerii sine diminucione, cum tot carucis 
quot consueverunt et requiruntur. cum tot stottis et bobus et 
implementis sit secundum saysones consuetas debite culta. et si 
non. ex quibus causis. et qui sint defectus. et cujus ebtimaciunis. 

Item, an aliqua terra de dominico vel custumaria sint dimissa 
vel alienata in perpetuum. vel ad tempus. extra manum firmarii. et 
si sint. an custumariis. nativis. vel liberis. et quibus. et qualiter, et 
per quem_. et quo tempore usque' ad quod tempus. an per cartam. 
et an de consensu cauituli vel sine. 

Item, an aliquis nativus terras aut possessiones aliquas per- 
quisierit infra manerium vel extra ab hominibus liberis. et quas. et 
qualiter est super hoc processum per Armarium. 

Item, an aliqui liberi tenentes terras suas de manerio in 
dampnum et contra consuetudinem manerii alienaverint ; qui, 
quibus. qualiter. et a quo tempore, 

Item, an villani sive custumarii vendant; donenr, vel locent terras 
custuraarias per cartam. vel sine carta, convillanis seu custumariis, 
sine expresso consilio firmariorum et consensu, non in plena curia 
vel halimoto, ut per recordum curiae et rotulum valeret dimissionis 
modus declarari. 

Item, an nativi custumarii maritaverint filias suas intra manerium 
vel extra, vel vendiderint vitulum pullanura vel bovem de propria 
nutritura sine licencia domini. vel arbores in baiciis suis extir- 
paverint vel succiderint sine licencia. 

Item, an aliqua terra, quondam custumaria. teneatur libere a 
serviciis et consuetudinibus. quas facere consueverunt ; quae, per 
quern, qualiter. et a quo tempore : et qualiter nunc teneatur, per 
quae servicia. 

Item, de novo incremcnto reddituum et serviciorum, quae, et per 

Item, quot acrae pasture in dominico, quot separabiles. quot in 


communa intrinseca. rel extrinseca, seu forinseca, sive in boscis, 
mariscis, terris, consista.'.t ; et de earuni distinccione inter domi- 
nicum et communam tan: custumarie quam libere tenentium. 

Item, communia an sint onerata plus debito per custuraarie vel 
libere tenentes ad manerii. per quos, et quantum. 

Item, an firmarii uianrur communia ubique ut decet. et separalem 
sufBcienter defendant, et an permittant aliquos in separabilibus 
pasturis secum communicare contra statura manerii, quos et 

Item, an aliqua alienacio, usurpacio, seu dimissio cujusvis 
pasturae ad manerium pertineutis. facta sit imperpetuum. vel ad 
tempus contra consuetuc;nem manerii, per quos, quibus, et a quo 

Item, quot aerie prati in dominico. quot in separalibus, quot in 
communa, et qualiter distinguntur, et an aliqua alienacio etc. ut 
supra in proxima. 

Item, an aliqua consumpcio facta sit in boscis, estirpando vel 
ramos fructiferos succidendo, ultra housbote, ferbote, et heybote, 
et alios usus debitos manerii vel firmarii ; vel vendicio aut 
donacio sit inde facta, per quos, quibus, qualiter, et usque ad quam 

Item, an subboscus, rel sDva cedua, congrue succidantur per 
parcellas ad recrescendun?. sine dampno manerii. 

Item, an nemora ubi sunt in separali et claudi possunt, suffi- 
cienter claudantur, et custodiantur ab ingressu animalium noci- 

Item, an qwarva? sive kayee, muri sive vvallae in mariscis contra 
mare et alia flumina, necaon stagna molendinorum cum suis aquis, 
piscariis, et vivariis. tair. in separali quam in communa, cum suis 
juribus et libertaribus debite reparentur, conserventur, et de- 
fendantur, et an fossata in mariscis bene mundentur, et si non ad 
quod dampnura : et fia: estimacio cujuslibet defectus, et si per 
obturacionem fossatorun: vel gurgitum sit inundacio terris vel 
pasturis marisci, ad quod dampnum, et de quanto possint debite 


emendari, et si expedit mauerio gurgites tiovos facerc, in quibus 
locis. et de estimacione surnptuum quo? oporteret apponere. 

Item, an redditus, servicia, et consuetudines, tarn in peccunia 
quam in harieriS; releviis, operacionibus. et aliis hujusmodi anti- 
quitus consuerls et debitis. tam a liberis quam a custumariis. prout 
tenentur. absque personarum accepcioiie requirantur. et fiant, et si 
subtrabantur vel augmentantur. in quibus personis et rebus, 
qualiter. et in quantum, et an consuetudines vel opera abcui 
remittantur, vel rautentur in peccunia. qute. cui, per quem, et 

Item; an jura, jurisdicciones. et libertates ecclesice et capituli in 
curia tenenda. ballivis foranneis ad execuciones contra libertates 
nostras faciendum non admittendis : subditis. tam libere tenentibus 
quam custumariis. a prestacione tbeolonei; amerciamentorum. et 
hujusmodi exaccionum tuendis : escaetis, bonis dampnatorum et 
fugitivorum et aliis hujsmodis perquirendis : et libertates in forestis 
secundum cartas regum et prout hactenus coram justiciariis 
itinerantibus sunt allocatae. rite et sufficienter defendantur. et in 
quibus non. et cujus negligentia. 

Item, an nativi. vel eorum nati. manumittantur, vendantur, aut 
clerici vel apprenticii fiant in facultatibus, in quibus domino 
possint rebellare, vel sint fugitivi, aut a dominio capituli quovis- 
modo recesserint, vel alienantur, qui, qualiter, et ubi morantur, et 
de bonis eorum mobilibus et iramobilibus diligenter inquiratur. 

Item, an firmarii maneria vel ecclesias maneriorum per proprios 
servientes custodierunt, vel ad firmam aliis dimiserint, qualiter. et 
sub quibus condicionibus, quibus, et ad quod tempus. 

ista sunt specialiter inquirenda in sokna de 

An conductores terrarum et tenementorum custumariorum ad 
terminum annorum ea tenuerunt post effluxum termini in preju- 
dicium lesitimorum beredum. 


An hujusmodi conductores terrarum et tenementoruni faniunt 
apponi in tallia seu indentura Imjusmodi dimissionis longe majus 
precium quam sit conventum. in fraudem iTereduin dimittcnti.s, ut 
sit ipsis difficile vel impossibile ad dictum redimendum terminum 
propter augmentacionem precii. prout licet eis de consuetudine 

Item, an frater dimittet fratri suum tenementum custumarium, 
vel partibile, ubi frater dimittens habet heredes expectantes here- 
ditatem post mortem dimittentis. 

Et memorandum quod in quolibet manerio scribatur series 
domorum, sicut nunc sunt, non secundum antiqua fundamenta ; et 
qucerantur si quos sint inutiles. vel nimis onerosse manerio, quee, et 
in quo, et qualiter possent emendari, ut decanus et capitulum inde 
possint in melius emendare. 

In maneriis de Tillingham et Hebrugg inquiratur plene de 
antiquis implementis, per quos alienata fuerint et quae restituta 
fuerint domino Johanni de Middleton firmario nuper de Tilling- 
ham, vel si erat ei pro aliquibus non restitutis satisfactum in 
peccunia, vel aliter, de quanto, et qualiter. 

Et consimiliter, si aliqua de implementis apud Hebrug abbatis 
fuerunt restituta magistro AVillielmo de Meleford' nunc firmario, 
quae, et de ceteris ut supra de Tillingham. 
































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Dravtone . 

.111. firnias 

.X. firmas 

.iiii. firraas 

.ii. firmas 

.ii. firraas 

.iiii. iirmas 

•iii. firnias 

.iii. firmas 

.iii. firmas 

.i. firm am 

.ii. firmas 

.vi. firmas 

.ii. firmas 

Dominica prima post festura sancte Fidis. 
firma prima de Barling. 

J. secunda prima de Sandone. 

„ tercia prima de Tillingham. 

5, quarta prima de Cliingelford. 

,5 .V. prima de "\^'ykham. 

„ .ri. defectus de Ronewell. 

3, .vii. secunda de Sandone. 

„ .viii. prima de Erdelie. 

„ .ix. tercia de Sandone. 

„ .X. prima de Nastok. 

., .xi. prima de Heybrugg. 

55 .xii. prima de Bernes. 

- J, .xiii. prima de Cadindon. 

., .xiiii. defectus de Bellocampo. 

,, .XV. secunda de TiUmsham. 


Dominica .xvi. priaia de Sultone. 
., ,xvii. prima de Drayton. 

,, .xviii. secunda de Barlinge. 

,, .xix. qur.rta de Sandone. 

,, .x.x. prima de Bellocampo. 

,, .xxi. secunda de Heybrugg. 

,, .xsii. secunda de Nastok. 

,, .xxiii. secunda de Bernes. 

., .xxiiii. secunda de Cliingelfovd. 

., .xxT. secunda de Erdele. 

.J .xxvi. secunda de Suttone. 

.xxvii. secunda de Bellocampo. 
J. .xxvlii. quinta de Sandone. 

., .xxix. tercia de Tillingham. 

,j .xxs. sexta de Sandone. 

„ .xxxi. tercia de Bellocampo. 

., .xxxii. septima de Sandone. 

., .xxxiii. derectus de Ronewelle. 

., .xxxiiii. quarts de Bellocampo. 

.XXXV. tercia de Bernes. 
„ .xxxvi. tercia de Heybrugg. 

„ .xxxrii. secunda de Wykbam. 

„ .xxxviii. octava de Sandone. 

,. .xxxix. tercia de Erdele. 

.xl. nona de Sandone. 
.xli. quarta de Tillingham. 
.xiii. tercia de Nastok. 
.xliii. tercia de Beriing. • 

.xliiii. quinta de Bellocampo. 
.xlv. quarta de Erdele. 
•xlvi. sexta de Bellocampo. 
.xlvii. decima de Sandone. 
.xlviii. secunda de Drayton. 




Memorandum quod tresdecim maneria sancti Paul) solvunt 
quadragirita et quinque firmas Bracino sancti Pauli. 
Et eadem tresdecim maneria el duo alia,, videlicet quindecim 
maneria; solvunt quinquaginta et duas dizenas ad Caraeram 
sancti Pauli. 
Memorandum quod qualibet firma de frumento continet per men- 
suram regis xvi. quarter', scilicet viii. bussell', computatur 
pro quarterio si l)ene mensuratur vel parum plus. 
Item de avena tantum. 
• Item de orceo .iii. quarteria. 

Item cum qualibet firma debet solvi ad boscum. .vi.s. et .viii.d. 
Et ad liberationem famulorum .iii.s. .x.d. Et sic sclvitur 
cum qualibet firma. .x.?. .vi.d. 


I- Scilicet de frumento .iiii.'^-'^ et xvi. 
quarter per mensuram regis. 
Item de avena .iiii.^ etxvi. quarter' 

per eandem mensuram. 
Item de ordeo .xviii. quarter" dicte 
Ad bracinum J mensure. 

.vi. firmas Itemde denariiscum predictis flrmis. 
Scilicet cum qualibet firma. .x.S. vi.d. 
Item de denariis per camerarium de 
defectibus de Beauchamp. .liii.s. 
I iiii.d. 
Pro ecclesia per annum, .xvi. marc*. 
Item ad .viii. dizenas et ad elimo- 
sinar" .xiii.ii. x.'s. ii.d. 
Ad cameram -\ Item ad cameram pro duobus defec- 
tibus pro quibus camerar" solvit 
custodi bracin' ut habetur supra, 
I .liii.s iiiid". 







r Ad 

Scilicet de frumr-nto .xlviii. quarter'. 

1 1 Item de arena .xlviii. quarter', 

bracmura l , , , • ^ , - 



Ad cameram 

-; Item de ordeo .ix. quarter 

! Item de denariis cum dictis firmis. 

• xxxi.s. vi.d. 
rPro ecclesia ad luminaria saricti 
Pauli. C.s. 
Item de cadcm ad cameram .vi.?, 

Item de manerio pro antique incre- 

mento .xl.s. 
Item ad .iii. dizenas et ad elemosinar' 
^ .v.i.ti. xxi.d. 

TDe frumento .viii^"^. quarter. 

; Ad bracinum J De ordeo .x.xx. quarter". 

j X. firmas ] De avenis .viii^\ quarter. 

I iDe denariis .C.v.s. 

\ Pro manerio et ecclesia et ad .x. dize- 
'• nas et elemosinar' .xx.ti.v.g. x.d. 

I Ad cameram 

fDe frumento .Ixiiii. quarter*. 
C\d bracinum ! De avena .Ixiiii. quarter. 

•iiii. firmas ■; De ordeo .xii. quarter'. 
-; LDe argento .xlii.s. 

j rPro manerio et ecclesia ad .iiii, 

dizenas et elemosinar' .viii.ti. .ii.s. 

^ Ad cameram i 


iiii.d. Item de eodem denovis in 
crementis .x.ti. 

Chineelford . i 

fDc frumento .xxxii. quarter'. 

; Ad bracinum j De avena .xxxii. quarier". 

ii. firmas j De ordeo .vi, quarter. 

[De argento .xxi.s. 

4 1 i Ad duas dizenas et elemosinar' 
cAd cameram , .... , , 

t .lUl.Tl. XUll.d. 

TAd bracinum 

I .. , 

I .u. rirmas 


^Ad cameram 

De frumento .xxxii. quarter' 
De avena .xxxii. quarter". 
De ordeo .vi. quarter'. 
LDe denariis .xxi.s. 
Ad ii. dizenas .C.i.s. ii.d. 




-Ad bracinum 
iiii. firmas 

*-Ad cameram 

fDe frumento .Ixiiii. quarter'. 

I De ordeo .xii. quarter. 

j De aveiiis .Ixiiii. quarter'. 

LDe denariis .xlii.s. 

fDe ecclesia .vi.ii. xiii.V. iiii.d. 

j De manerio ad .iiii. dizenas et ele- 

•! mosinar" .xi.ti. xii s. iiii.d. 

I Item ad obitum Jotiis Malemevns. 

L .xl.s. 


fDe frumento .xlviii. quarter. 
.Ad bracinum } De ordeo .ix. quarter', 
.iii. firmas j De avena .xlviii. quarter'. 
LDe denariis .xxxi.s. 

fDe ecclesia ad luminaria .x.ti. xiii.s. 
I iiii.d. 
-Ad cameram •{ De eadem ad cameram .liii.s. iiii.d. 
j De manerio ad .iii. dizenas .vi.ii. 
I xxi.d. 


fDe frumento .xlviii. quarter'. 
Ad bracinum I De avena .xlviii. quarter'. 
-iii. firmas 1 De ordeo .ix. quarter'. 
[T>e denariis .xxxi.s. 

rDe ecclesia ad luminar' .iiii.ii. vi.s. 
I viii.d. 
Ad cameram ', De ecclesia ad cameram .Ixxiii.s. 
De manerio ad .iii. dizenas et ele- 
mosinar' .vi.ti. xxi.d. 


fDe frumento .xlviii. quarter' 
Ad bracinum ) De avena .xlviii. quarter' 
iii. firmas 

LAd cameram 

I De ordeo .ix. quarter. 
LDe denariis .xxxi.s. vi.d. 

^De manerio pro novis incrementis 
J vl c Item ad .iii. dizenas et ele- 



mosinar" C.i.s. ix.d. 

CAl'l'JULI l;CCLE^.I.^: S. I'AILI. 




r Ad L^racimim 
.ii. firmas 

De rrunjento .xxxii. quarter'. 
De avenis .xxxii. quarter'. 
De ordeo .vi. quarter*. 
De cenariis .xxi.s. 

I^Ad came ram 

De ecclesia ad ccram .iiii.ii. vi. 

Item de eadem ad cameram .xili.s. 

Item de raanerio pro novis incre- 
mentis .liii.g. iiii.d. 
j IterL de eodem ad .ii. dizenas et ele- 
l njosinar .iiii.ti. xiiii.d. 
fDe frumeMto .>;xxii. quarter'. 
"Ad braL-iiium i De avenis .xxxii. quarter', 
ii. firmas ■ De ordeo .ri. quarter'. 
I^De denarii? .x.s. vi.d. 

f De ecclesia .vi.ti. xiii.s. iiiid. 
De ixiaricrio pro aiitiquisincremeiitis 

Kadingdon et 

Ad cameram ; De eodem pro novis incremeutis 
.lili.s. iiii.d. 
Item de eodem ad .iiii. dizenas et 
elea'josinar .x.ii. ii.s. iiii.d. 
fDe frumento .xvi. quarter. 

fAd bracinum I 5^ ^''^"^^ ■'''''' ^"^'^f^'- 
■ i.firmam j De oraeo.m. quarter . 
De denanis .x.s. vnd. 
! Itern pro uno defectu .xxvi.s. viii.d. 

fDe maneriis ad unam dizenam et ad 

eleraosinar .xxxiii.S. xi.d. 
] De eisdem pro antiquis incrementis 
i .xl.ti. vi.s. viii.d. 



Summa tocius solucionis 

! Item de eisdem pro novis incre- 

[ mentis .x.ti. xiii.s. iiii.d. 

! Iten: de ecclesia de Kenesvorth 

I .rvii.ii, .vi.§. .viii.d. 

j Item deecclesiade Kadyndon .xvi.ii. 

L .xiii.s. .iiii.d. 

id cameram .Ixxvi.ti. xiii.s. xi.d. cum 






f . J ( Pro antiquis incrementis .lii.S, 

; Ad. camerarn ■ -p. ■, ^ , , ,• p, . 

I ( De eodem ad duas dizenas L^.s. 

^ de quibus ad { Pro .ii. defectibus .xxx.?. .iiii.d. 

L bracinum ( ]-)er manus camerarii. 


\ Pro antiquis incrementis .xl.S. 

( Item de eodem ad .i. dizenam .\\.y. 

i Pro uno defectu .xxvi §. .viii.d. 


'j De quibus ad 

1^ bracinum 

Ad cameram per annum de redditu assisee .1.5. 

IVlolendinum ) 
de Wapping > Ad cameram 
atte Wose .) 

Walton Thorp / . ■, 

^ T7- ^ -u i Ad cameram 
et Kirkeby . i 

Westlee . Ad cameram 

Twyforde . Ad cameram 

Uplee quEedam'j 

terra in paro- . , 
1 . J \,. I Ad cameram 
chia de \\ y- j 

lesdone J 

Chelmesford . Ad cameram 

Summa quarter' Frumenti 
Summaquarter' Ordei. 
Summa quarter Arenae 
Summa Denariorum 

Summa Denariorum 

I, De redditu assisae per annum .xliii.s. 
( .iiii.d. 

De ecclesiis .xxix.ii. 




-; De antiquis incrementis .l.ii. 
'-De novis incrementis .xxv.ti. 

per annum .xl.s. 

per annum .x.s. 

De antiquis incrementis .iiii.s, 

(De quodam tenemento de redditu 
\ assisae per annum .iii.s. 

.DCC.xx. quarter'. 

• C.xxv. quarter'. 

•DCC.xx. quarter'. 


! Ad liberaciones famulorum .viii.ti. 
' .xii.s, .vi.d. 

pro defectibus .vii.ti. 


iiii'-'^x. quarteria fruinenti ad panem : ad grudum xxi. quarteria 
et totidem ordei ad idem ; et iiii'^^.wi. quarteria r.vencE ad brasium. 
et ill denariis xsiii. s. Barling reddit tres firmas continentes xlv. 
quarteria frumenti ad i^anem ; et x, quarteria et dimidium quar- 
terium de frur.iento ad grudum et totidem ordei ad idem; et xlviiL 
quarteria avenae : et in denariis xi. s. vi. d. Item Hej-brugg et 
Beriies et Xavestok. qua?que eorum per se reddit tantundem in 
omnibus quantum. Barlyng. Kadyndon reddit unam firmam 
continentem xv. quarteria frumenti ad panem : ad brasium iii. 
quarteria et dimidium frumenti et iii, quarteria et din:iidium ordei 
ad ideni; et xvi. quarteria avenae ad brasium. et ad liberaciones 
faciendum iii.s. x. d. Summa totius frumenti ad panem dcIxxv, 
quarteria. Surama frumenti ad grudum clvii. quarteria et dimidium 
et totidem ordei. Item Sumraa avenee ad brasium dccxx, quar- 
teria. Item summa denariorum ad liberacionem famulorum 
bracini viii. li. xii. s. vi. d. Item praeter denarios subscriptos 
assignatos ad liberacionem servientium reddunt prcescripta ma- 
neria denarios ad bracinum pro defaltis firmarum vii. li. Vide- 
licet Bellocampo iiii. marc. Runewelle ii, marc, et dimidium. 
Norton li, marc. Kadyndon ii. marc, in fine anni. Item praeter 
denarios solutos pro defaltis maneriorum reddunt firmarii denarios 
pro buscna. quam invenire debent ad braciandum firmam suara 
assignatam ad cerviciam. quorum summa est incerta; quia aliquando 
dant plus, aliquando minus, secundum caristiare buschac, secundum 
quod possunt facere finem cum custode. alioquin buscbam in- 
venient. Consuevit autem firraarius pro buscba invenienda pro 
qualibet firnia dare dimidiam marcum. sepius vero plus, minus vero 





HcGC sunt duodecim Maneria Sancti Pauli. quae reddunt xlv. 
firmas integras in frumento. ordeo. et avena. ad panem et cer- 
risiam statutis anni terminis. scilicet in qualibet firma xv. quarteria. 
(ad mensuram bracini. que fuerit de xii. quarteriis et dimidia ad 
mensuram ville. quarteria vero bracini continet vii. bus.) frumenti 
ad srudum : et iii. quarteria et dimidium dicte raensure ordei ad 
idem : et x^'i. quarteria per factum bracini solvuntur de avena, pro 
una firma octo facti; et continet factus bracini xvii. bussell omnes 
avence ad brasium. Reddunt item cum qualibet firma xlvi. denarios 
ad liberaciones servientium bracini. prater alios denarios assignatos 
de quibus dicitur infra, et praeter denarios qui dantur pro buscha. 
Sandone reddit x. firmas. et est summa frumenti ad paneni 
cl. quarteria frumenti : ad grudum xxxv. quarteria frumenti et 
totidem ordei ad idem : et clx. quarteria avenee ad brasium. Summa 
denariorum premissorum qui solvuntur ad liberaciones servientium 
xxxviii. s. iiii.d. Erdele reddit quatuor firmas continentes Ix. 
Quarteria frumenti ad panem ; ad grudum xiiii. quarteria frumenti 
et totidem ordei ad idem: et Ixiiii. quarteria avena. Summa dena- 
riorum XV. s. iiii.d. Tiliingham iiii. firmas continet tantum in 
frumento. ordeo. avena, et denariis quantum et manerium de Erdele. 
Sutton duas firmas continentes xxx. quarteria frumenti ad panem : 
ad srudum vii. quarteria frumenti et ordei totidem ad idem ; et 
xxxii. quarteria aver^ee. et ad liberaciones servientium vii. s. viii. d. 
Item Drayton, Chyngford, Wycham, queeque eorum reddit duas 
firmas continentes in frumento, ordeo. et avena. et de denariis. 
quantum Suttone. Beaucbamp reddit vi. firmas contiiientes 



A.D. 1283. 

Pauli Londoniensis reddit compotum suum, anno domini m'^'.cc°. 
octog*^. iii'^'. de receptis et exitibus in bracino per annum prece- 
dentem. scilicet de dc.Ixxv. quarter' frumenti ad panem faciendum 
de xlv. firmis maneriorum. qualibet firma continente xvi. quaner 
frumenti. et sn. quarter' avence, et tria quarter' ordei. singula per 
njensuram Regis, videlicet pro quarter' octo bussell'. Et de xxiiii. r 
quarter* i. bussell* frumenti. de multura molendini. Summa iicc.ix. 
quarter i. bussell*. 

De quibus in ri^-'^.xvii. furniciis furniata sunt D.xlviii. quarter 
ii. bussell' de frumento, qua; faciunt xxxvi. furmas viii. quarter' 
ii. bussell'. Item in Wastell et fQacon viii. quarter" iiii, bussell'. 
Item in Grudum ultra xlv. furmas constitutas xix. quarter'. In 
vendicione c.xxxiii. quarter' ii. bussell', de quibus respondet infra ; 
et faciunt x. firmas x. quarter' vi. bussell'. et quietus est de predicto 
frumento. Summa ut supra. 

Item, reddit compotum de c.lviii. quarter' et dim' de frumento ad 
grudum. et totum braciatum. iii c. eti. bracin simul cum xix. quarter' 
frumenti quae computantur supra in firmis de frumento ad panem, 
et quietus est de predicto grudo. 

Item reddit compotum de c.lvii. quarter' et dim' de ordeo ad 
grudum. et totum braciatum, simul cum xix. quarter ordei emptis, 
ut infra, et quietus est de predicto ordeo. Summa predictorum 
frumenti et ordei ad grudum ccc.liii. quarter. 

Item reddit compotum de dcc.xx. quarter' avence ad brasium de 
predictis xlv. firmis, de quibus habuit xx. quarter' de excrescenti 
canceUorum. Summa dcc.xI. quarter avenge. De quibus in c. et i. "" 
Bracin Dccvii. quarter', scilicet in unoquoque bracino septem 
quarter per octo bussell' legales. In emendam cervisiam v. quart'. 
Ill prebendam equorum xxviii. quarter'. Summa ut supra. 

Idem reddit compotum de vii.ii. de redditu ad bracinum assig- 


nato per anrium integrum: similiter de ii. defaltis de Bello campo 
iiii. marc', et de ii. defdtis de Ronewella ii. mare' et dim', el pro 
una defalta de Kadrndone ii. marc", et pro una defalta de Nortona 
ii. niarc'. Er de viii.ti. xii.g. vi.d. ad liljerationes faciendas 
fam-^loruni. Idem recdit compotum de xix.ji. x.s. de Ivi. 
quarter iiii. busiell' de frumento precii quarter' vi.s. x.d. iii. q^. 
Et de xi.ti. ii.V. de xxsvii. quarter', precii quarter' vi.§. Et de 
viii.Ti. sv.'s. vi.d. pro xxvii. quarter' v. bussell' de frumento precii 
quarter' vi.s. iiii.d. Et de Ixxviii.'s. de xii. quarter, precii quarter 
vi.s. vi.d. Summa quarter' ut supra. 

Item ce fece et hujusmodi ix.ti. vi.s. ot. q^. Et de iiii.ti. xviii.s. 
de si. quarter" vi. bussell'" de pollard precii quarter" ii.s. Et de 
Ixxii.s. iiii.d. pro liiii. quarter" ii. bussell' de furfure precii quarter' 
xvi.d. In prebe:idam equorum xxxiiii. quarter vii. bussell". Et de x.s. r.d. de drachat vendito. Et de xiiii.s. xi.d. oh. de 
carbone pistrini. Et de xxiiii.s. v.d. de carbone bracini precii 
quarter" vi-d. et pro sequestra, i. tallife per xx^n. dies, xiiii.s. vii.d. 
Summa totalis de den'receptis tarn de bladovendito quam de redditu 
assignato et aliis receptis et exitibus, iiii^.ii. Ixii.S. v.d. et quadr". 

De quibus in pitanciis datis die compotus, v.s. Item in xix. 
quarter ordei emptis de mensura bracini. scilicet quarteria con- 
tinens vii. bussell"; ixvi.s. vi.d.. et in buscba ad toralle et ad braci- 
andum tiltra firmas constitutas viii.ii. ii.s. iiii.d. Et in buscha ad 
furnum vi.t, xd. q°. Et in feno ad equos molendini lyiii.s. ii.d. 
ol). Item in aqua ducenda per annum liii.s. iiii.d. Et in sale 
iiii.s. vii.d. q^. In candelis iiii.g. xd. Et in fiaconibus per duos 
dies in rogacionibiis. xxxi.s. i.d. q". In pipere ad wastell, in 
conversione et commemoracione sancti Pauli. ix.d. Item in emen- 
dacione domorum xviii.g. i.d. Summa xxvi.ti. v.s. vii.d. q^. Item 
in i. equo empto viii.s. In ferrura equorum xii.S. vi.d. In ferra- 
mento et passu equorum v.g. ii.d. q". Et in coleris, traicibus, 
virgis, funiculis. uncto et aliis ad molendinura iiii.g. vii.d. Summa 
xxx.'s. iii.d. q^ Item in buleteli cum fiio ii.s. ix.d. In cribris 
x.d. ob. In lane", gat', et aliis rebus emendandis in pistrino 
ot). q^. Summa iiii.s. vi.d. q". In emendacione caldarurn iii.S. iii.d. 

SANCTl I'.WLI. A.D. 12S3. 167 

In circulis iii.s. vi.d. In natis xii-.i.d. c!3. In kemelin ii.g. ii.d. ob. 
et inlands, clavis ferreis ad torall" et cibra, ct in aliis rebus emen- 
dandis in bracino iii.s. i.d. ot>. Summa xiii.^'. iii.d. otj. Item in 
circulis ad dolia iiii.g, ii.d. ot). q^. Item i. rlolio cmpto vii.d. In 
emend'" caligis, discis et aliis in celario viii.d. ob. In stipendiis 
circulatoris per annum iiii.s. Summa ix.'b. vi.d. In liberacione 
famulorum braciTii per annum xiii.ii. xiii.g. et in stipendiis iiii. 
servientium in pistrino,ettrium in bracino, et duorum in molendino, 
et clerici de receptis per annum IxxTiii.b, Item elemosinario pro 
pane nigro per annum viii.d. In septenis den' eidem datis 
pro quinque defaltis maneriorum' ii.s. xi.d. Item parvis canonicis 
pro pane nigro iiii.i^i. Summa xxvii.ii. vii.d. Item in redemptis 
c.iiii^-'^.x^-i. panium, pretium panis ob. q''.. xii.s. iiii.d. Item in 
redempcione vii. prebendarura cervisii3e. pretium lagence ob. q^, 
xiii.s. i.d. ob. Summa xxv.s. iiij.d. ob. Item in defaltis de Kadyndon 
xx^n.s. viii.d. Summa summarum totius expensi Iviii.ti. xv.s. ix.d. 
ob. q«. Quibus subtractis de summa recepti remanente distribu- 
enda canonicis per annum residentibus xxiiii.ii. vi.s. vii.d. ob. hoc 
modo. In primo quarterio ix. residentibus quarta pars vi.ii. xix.d. 
ob. q^. et remanet ob. porcio cujuslibet xiii.s. vi.d. q^. et remanet q^. 
In secundo quarterio octo residentes vi.ti. xx.d. porcio cujuslibet 
xv.s. ii.d. ob. In tertio quarterio x. residentes vi.l^i. xix.d. ob. q^. 
porcio cujuslibet xii.s. ii.d. et remanet q^. In quarto quarterio vii. 
residentes vi.ii. xx.d. q^. porcio cujuslibet xvii.s. iiii.d. ob. et 
remanet ob. q". Isti residebant. in prirao quarterio. secundo. tercio. 
quarto, Dominus Decanus, Archidiaconus Middlesex,. Thesaurarius, 
Johannes de Sancta Maria, R. de Brandon, Magister R, de Stowe ; 
pars cujuslibet istorum Iviii.s. iiii.d. q". Item in primo. secundo, 
tercio quarterio Archidiaconus Essex et Magister J. de Luke, porcio 
utriusque istorum xl.s'. x.d. ob. q^. Item Cancellarius resident' 
quarterio tercio, porcio ejusdem xii.s. ii.d. In tercio et quarto 
quarterio residebat S. de Stranbrugg. porcio sua xxix.s. vi.d. ob. 
Item in primo quarterio residebat Archidiaconus Londoniensis 
tantum, porcio ipsius xiii.s. vi.d. q. 

Item reddit compotura de consuetis et debitis exitibus panum 


provenientiura de supradictis D.xlviii. quarter' et ii. bussell' frumenti 
furniatis, videlicet panes. De quibus xxx. majoribus 
canonicis per annum xxxii^.DCC.lx. panes. Tribus minoribus 
canonicis et duobus aliis, videlicet capellano celebranti pro anima 
Willielmi deSancta Margaret" DecanOjCt scriptori librorum ecclesie, 
cuilibet ii. pan' in diem, in^.DC.xl. panes per annum, et iii.d. o'b. 
per ebdomodam pro pane nigro. Item ix. minoribus aliis. cum 
custode bracini, qui est decimus, cuilibet in diem i. panem, per 
annum iiif°. DC. xl. panes. Sacristano pro liostiis inveniendis omni- 
bus celebrantibus infra ecclesiam per annum lii. pan. Et pro- 
curia Gilbert! lii. panes. Item firmariis xlv. panes, scil' pro 
qualibet firma i. panem. Item ecclesije parocliiali pro pane bene- 
dicto iii. vel iiii. panes. Item servientibus bracini per annum pro 
pitanciis cc. panes. Marescallo pro iiii. festis dupplicibus iiii. pan. 
Item pro redditu de Aldelburston per annum iiii. pan. Cuvariis, 
infirmis; minutis pitanciis, pro diversis negotiis xvi. panes. Item 
Waltero Hervy pro xv. septimanis xlv. panes, so' per ebdomodam 
iii. panes. M.XLM^.cccc.lxiii. pan. 

Et excedit expensa receptis in c.iiii^'^.xvii, pan' qui venduntur 
et compu1:antur supra in expensis. Item in stallacione ii. canoni- 
corum ii. panes. Item reddit com^potum anno supradicto de, panes de exitu .D.xlviii. quarter ii. bussell" de fru- 
mento furniato. In vi^'^.xvii. furniciis ad unumquemque furnicium 
iiii. quarter* de mensura bracini sc. quarter' de vii. bussell' lega- 
libus hoc modo : 

Deprimofnm*cc.iiii".xv.pari. De xiii. cc.iiii^'.xi. pan. De quarto cc.iiii".iiii. pan 

De secnndo cc. iiii". xvi. pan. De xiiii. cc.iiii". iiii. pan. De quinto cc. iiii". vii. p' 

De tercio cc.iiii'^.xi. pan. De xv. cc.iiii".viii. pan. De sexto cc.iiii".xii. p' 

De quano cciiii"^. xiiii. pan. De xvi. cc.iiii^^.ix. pan. De septimo cc.iiii^'^.xiii. p' 

De quinto cc. iiii". xiiii. pan. De xvii. cc.iiii".xviii. pan. De octavo cciiii".viii. p' 

De vi. cc. iiii". vii. pan. De xviii. cc.iiii'^'^.viii. pan. De ix. cc.iiii^^.viii. p' 

De septimo cc.iiii^.xix. pan. De xix. cc.iiii'^^.ii. pan. De x. cc.iiii".xii. p' 

De octavo cc.iiii".ix. pan. De xx. cc.iiii^^.xvi. pan. De xi. cc.iiii^'^.viii. p' 

De iiono cc. iiii". xiii. pan. Summa V'.Dcec.xliii. pan. De xii. cc.iiii^^.xix. p' 

De decimo cc. iiii". x^-ii. pan. Item depriino cc.iiii'^^.ix. pan. De xiii. cc.iiii'^.xvi. p' 

De xi. cc. iiii". xii. pan. De secundo cc.iiii^^.ii. pan. De xiiii. ccc. p' 

De xii. ecc. pan. De tertin cc.iiii^^.vii. jjan. De xv. ccc.ii. p' 

5;axcti pai" i.t. a.d. 



De svi. 


!' ■ 



De rvii. 





r>e vviii. 

ec iiii "'^. xix. 




De xix. 





De XX. 










De prime 





De secundo 





De iu. 





De iiii. 





De T. 





De vi. 

ccc. iiii '".xi. 



De vii. 





De viii. 


p • 



De is. 





De X. 





De xL 

ec. iiii". viii. 




De xii. 





De xiii. 





De xiiii. 





De XV. 





De XTi. 





De xvii. 





De xvjii. 





De xix. 





De XX. 










l:fm de prime cc.iiU^.xi 




De ii. 





De iii. 





De iiii. 





De T. 





De vi. 



S omnia 

De viL 




De riii. 





De ix. 





cc.iiii^'^.xi. p 

cc. iiii". viii. p 

cc.iiii^'.xi. p 

cc.iiii'^.vi. p 

cc. iiii". vii. p 

cc.iiii"-.\ix. ji 

Cfc.iiii. p 

ccc. p 

ccc. iiii. p 

ccc. viii, p 

ccc. iiii. p 

i"^.r)cccc.lxxix. p 

ecc.vii. p 

cc. iiii". xvi. p 

Cf.iiii".ix. p 

c.j.iiii'^^.iiii. p 

ce.iiii".xvii. p 

cc. p 

CCC. iii. p p 

cciiii^^.xvi. p 

cc. iiii". xix. p 

cc.iiii^'.vi. p 

cc. iiii". xii. p 

cc. iiii". XV . ]) 

cc. iiii". xvii. p 

cc. iiii". iii. p 

cc. iiii". vii. p 

ec.iiii".Lx. p 

cc.iiii".Li. p 

ec.iiii".xi. p 

cc. iiii". xvii. p 

v'^'.Dccc.lxi. p 

no cc.iiii".xiiii. p 

cc.iiii^'.xv. p 

cc. iiii". xiiii. p 

De iiii. 
De V. 
De vi. 
De vii. 
De viii. 
De ix. 
De X. 
De xi. 
De xii. 
De xiii. 
De xiiii. 
De XV. 
De xvi. 
De xvii. 
De xviii. 
De XIX. 
De XX. 


ccc. p'. 

^xix. p'. 

■-.xii. p'. 

ccc. p". 

ecc.vii. p'. 

cc. iiii". xix. r>'. 


cc. iiii". XV. J,', 
ccc. p'. 
cc. iiii". XV. p', 
cc.iiii".svii. p'. 
ec. iiii". xii. p'. 
cc. iiii". xvi. p'. 
cc.iiii=^. xiiii. p'. 
cc.iiii^'-.viii. p*. 
cc. iiii". xiii. p'. 
cc. iiii". xiii. p'. 
Sunjiua v™.ijcccc.xxiiii. p'. 
Item de prime ccc. p'. 

De ii. 
De iii. 
De iiii. 
De V. 
De vi. 
De vii. 
De viii. 
De ix. 
De X. 
De xi. 
De xii. 
De xiii. 
De xiiii. 
De XV. 
De xvi. 
De xvii. 

cc.iiii".x. p'. 
cc. iiii". viii. p'. 
cc. iiii". viii. p'. 

cc.iiii".x. p'. 

cc. iiii". viii. p'. 

cc. iiii". xix. p'. 

ccc. p'. 

cc. iiii". xiii. p'. 

cc.iiii".i. p'. 

cc. iiii". iii. p'. 

cc.iiii".iiL'. p'. 

cc. iiii". vii. p'. 
cc. iiii". iiii. p'. 

cc.iiii".ix. p'. 

cc. iiii". XV. p'. 
ccc. XXV. p'. 

Summa iiii°''.Dcccc.lxix. p'. 
inmma receptorum xlm'.cc.lxvi. pan. ut prius distribuciofi.-jt sieut in alio compote precedenti. 

Memorandum quod in duobus festis sancti Pauli liberantur 
cuilibet major: canonico in die pro pitancia tres \vastelli. et ceteris 


acionis sucE. 

mmonbus canonicis ju.\ta numerum panum 
Similiter in Rogacionibus de fiaonibits liberantur eis pro pitancia 



juxta eundem nioduni per duos dies, videlicet secunda et tereia 
feria. Anno gratire Millesimo cc.l""'. valebat quarterium frumenti 
liii. s. secuiidam mensuram Bracini. Ordeuni ii.i. vi.d. Avena 
XX. d. Busca vi.'s. Liberaciones servientium xivi.d. Cariagium 
totius tirnice ix.d. Quiiras onjijibus culieclis erat j^uniuia unius 
fira^ee Summa xlv. firmarum ad ])recium predicturn cc.lxx.Ti. 
Iteoj preter dictas iirmas redduntur in bracino vii.ii. ])ro detalcis di- 
versorum maneriorum. Summa summaruni provenientium Bracini 

De predictis receptis fuerunt iiberationes xxx. canonicoram 
pro pane et cervisia, cuilibet x. marc'. Et iiii. parvis preben- 
dariii pro duobus panibus et cervisia 36 marc'. Et quinto c.s, 
et X. minoribus ad unum panem xlv. marc', cuilibet Ix.s. per 
annum. Item duobus Lostiariis capituli et bracini et tribus 
servientibus cuilibet ii. mr. per annum. Item sacristce pro lii. pan' 
iii.d. Item ad fiaones faciendum in rogacionibus, et ad wastell v. 
mr. Item pro exenniis x. mr. Item hostiario bracini pro aug- 
mento stipendiorum xxxiiii.s. viii.d. Item elemosinario pro defectu 
vii. ebdomadarum iiiis. id. 

Memorandum quod de providentia Thomae de Coulyng quondam 
custodis Bracini remanere debent in bracino post recessum 
cujuslibet custodis de certo implemento de frumento viii, quarter' 
per mensuram bracini ad duas furnias panis. Item xvii. quarter' 
et dim' de brasio frumenti. Item x^-ii. quarter' et dim' de brasio 
ordei. Item Ixx. quarter' de brasio aveniE. Summa c.xiii. quarter' et 
ii. bussell'ad incboandum liberaciones post festumSanctiMichaelis. 
It€m de antique incremento in pecunia x. marc*, sterling. 

Sciendum quod de bracino exeunt liberaciones constitutee 
xxx. canonicorum equales in pane et cervisia, cuilibet singulis 
diebus tres panes albi et nullus niger. Item tres parvi prebendarii 
de choro et unus exterior capeilanus ministrans pro Wilhelmo de 
Sanctee Mariae ecclesia decano. item unus qui debet esse scriptor 
librorumecclesi8e,minoreshabent liberaciones, quiiibet illorum duos 
panes albos et unum nigrum panem, vel precium ejus tres obol' per 

SAN'CTI PAT LI. A.D. 12S3. 17 1 

ebdomodam. Item novem parvi ]ire.bendarii et custos hracini. qui 
est decimus. sinpuli habent tales dimid" liberaciones. Item sacrista 
ecclesice habet per annum lii. pan' albos vel similia ejusdem propor- 
cionis sc, j'jro totioem dominicis per annum pro hostiis inveniendis ad 
eucaristiam per singula loca. ubi celebratur in ecclesia. Sciendum 
quod qui integram habet liberacionem canonici recipit per ebdo- 
modam xxx. boUas cervisice. Item redditur tirmariis pro qualibet 
firma. quam solvunt, unus panis albus. et duee. boll' cervisice. 
Summa panis xlv. Summa cervisicC iiii'^-'^.x. boll. Item sacrista 
singulis septimanis x. bollee. Hosiiarius capituli x. bollfe. Portarius 
bracinix. hoUaj. Et iii. majoribus sfervientibus ecclesite xxx. bollag. 
videlicet cuiiibet x. bolke, Pitancias per annum ix'-'^.x. panes et 
totidem boliee cervisiae, et preterea xx. boUae cum wastell. sc. clerico, 
pistori; braciatori. janitori; circulatori, aquaeductori, in duplicibus 
testis cuiiibet i. panem et i. boilam; et octo minoribus sernentibus 
iiii. panes et iiii. bollai. 

Braciator percipit per ebdomodam vii. boUas. Summa per 
Pistor vii. boilas. Janitor x. bollas. ""JVactor ' ebdomodam 
cervisice vii. bolias , . . . . . ) xxxi. bollee. 

Stipendia in ^ Braciator per annum x.s. Duobus ^ Summa 
bracino. ^ servientibus sub eo x.s. viii.d. S xx.s. viii.d. 

Janitori cum puero suo x.d. per eb- 

/-janirori cum puero suo x.a. per eo- -n 

Stipendia in } domodam. Pistori annuatim x.s. f 

pistrino. i tribus garcionibus suis annuatim I 

Summa (sic). 

Stipendia in f Molendinarius aniiuatim vii.s. . ^ 

1 J- "» r> • 1 • .• • . ^ Summa xiii.s. 

moiendmo. I (jarcionil)us sms annuatim vi.s. . ) 

Quatuor pistores. braciator, et duo molendarii, quilibet eorum 
percipit ebdomodatimvii.d. Duo servientes in bracinoebdomodatim 
xii.c. Tractor cervisiac eb^omodatim iii.d. 

Summa per xlv. septmianas ultra recepta de firmariis Ixvii.'s. ri.a. 
Item per vii. septimanas residuas xxxvii.s. liii.d. 


Summa total' liberationis per annum ultra recepta de firmariis 
c.iiii.s. x.d. 

Solent expend! singulis annis in busca xvi.ti. Item pro aqua 
ducenda iiii. marc". Item pro feno ad equos molendini Ix.s. 
Item in ferrura eoruradem i. marca. Et in avena ad prebendas 
lii. quarter' pret' lii.s. Item in emendacione molendini. bernesio 
equorum et itinere eorum reparando i. marca. Et in renovacione 
molarura et equorum communiter xl.s. 

Compotus Bracini sancti Pauli a festo sancti Micbaelis anno 
gratice Millesimo cc.lxxxvi. usque ad idem festum anno sequenti. 

JOHANNES DE ERAYNFORD reddit compotum de dc.Ixxv. 
quarter' frumenti receptis ad panem de xlv. firmis maneriorum. Et 
de clvii. quarter' et dim' frumenti de eisdem iirmis adgrudum. Et 
de xxxiiii. quarter' et dim' de telonio molendini. Et de ii. quarter* 
de proficuo. Surama tocius frumenti Dccc.lxix. quarter'. 

De quibus in vi-". et xviii. furnis furnita sunt D.lii. quarter' 
frumentij et quodlibet furnum continet iiii. quarter per mensuram 
bracini. quae faciuntxxxvi. firmas et xii. quarter, et quaelibet firma 
continet xv. quarter' frumenti per mensuram bracini. 

Item in wastell in utroque festo sancti Pauli. Et in flaconibus 
duobus diebus rogacionum vii. quarter' dim". Item in grudo ad 
centum braciatum hoc anno c.lxxv. quarter" frumenti sc. ad 
quodlibet braciatuuj.i. quarter" et dim" et ii.bussell' mensura bracini. 
Item in vendicione hoc anno c. xxxiiii. quarter' et dim" quarter'. 
Summa tocius exitus et expensae Dccc.lxix. quarter". 

Item reddit compotum de panibus provenientibus de dictis vi^. 
et xviii. furnis sc. de xl. m. D.xlix. panibus. et quantum quodlibet 
furnum respondet patet in Rotulo de furnitis. 

De quibus. xxx. m.ajoribus canonicis per annum xxxii. m. dcc.Ix. 
panes per annum sc. cuilibet eorum iii. panes in die. Item 
domino Willielmo de Faukebourn et quatuor aliis ejusdem sectee panes per annum sc. cuilibet eorum ii. panes in 

5-ANCTI TAULI. A.D. 1 28<I. 173 

die. Item ix.. aliis minoribus caimnicis et miuistru Ijracini 
M M.M.DC.xl. panes per annum sc. cuilibet eorum i. panern in 
die. Item sacristaj ad hostias ]ii. panes ])er annum, qualibct septi- 
mana i. paner:;. Item pro curia Giiberti lii. panes per annum 
sc. in ebdomoda i. panera. Item ducentibus firmas per annum, 
xlv. panes, pro qualibet firma i. panem. Item servientibus in 
bracino pro pitanciis per xx. festa duplicia cc. ])anes. sc. in quolibet 
festo X. panes. Item marescallo pro iiii. festis majoribusiiii. panes. 
Item pro redditu de Adburton iiii. jjanes per annum. Item fratri 
de ordine Carmelitarum pro lecturis cc.iiii'^^.xiiii. panes per tria 
quarter* anni et tres septimanas_. s'c. in die i. pan'. Item Bartholomo 
Oroiogiario per tria quarteria anni et viii. dies cc.iin^'''.i. panes. 
Item pro pane benedicto ecclesia parochial! ii. panes. Item in 
installacione canonicorum hoc anno iiii. panes, videhcet E^'idi Filol. 
Johannis de "Wyleby. Hugonis de Kendale et Giiberti de Straiton. 

Summa tocms expens' panis xl. m. D.cccc.lxxviii. p. Et sic 
expens" excedit recept' in ccccxxix. panes. 

Idem reddit compotum de c.lvii. quarter' et dim* ordei receptis 
de predictis ^Iv. firmis. 

Idem reddit compotum de xr. quarter* emptis per mensuram 
pavimenti ad perficienduni bracinum. quae fecerunt xvii. quarter' et 
dim' per mensuram bracini. et totura braciatum hoc anno una cum 
sunradictis quarter' ordei. Summa c.lxxv. quarter' ordei et totum 

Idem reddit compotum de pcc.xx. quarter avenae receptis de 
xlv. nrmis predictis. Et de incremento granarum xx. quarter'. 
Summa dcc.xI. quarter*. 

De quibus in predictis centum braciatis dcc. quarter sc. in 
unoquoque braciato septem quarter' iegalia sc. quart" per viii. 
busseir. Item in emendatione cervisiae viii. quart' et vi. buss. 
Item in prebendis equorum xxii. quart' vi. buss. In vendicione 
hoc anno viii. quarter' iiii. busseir*. Summa Dcc.xl. quarter' avenae. 

Idem reddit compotum de cervisia recepta de dictis c. braciatis 
sc. de lxvii°. Dccc.xiiii. boilis. 


Idem reddit comn •turn de liberacione dictce cervisiae, de qua 
liberavit xxx. raajoribus canonicis x]vi"\ dccc. boll' que faciunt 
M. D. et Ix. prebend" videlicet computatis xxx. boll" pro i. prebenda- 

ItemAVillielri:0 deFaukeboum et quatuor aliis ejusdem sectfevii™. 
DCCC. l.ioliJe que faciunt cc.lx. prebend*. Item ix. aliis minonbu«- 
et ministro bracini ri->.M.DCCC boll'* quae faciunt cclx. prccbend'. 
Item janitorl brecini. piston, braciatori. tractatori cervisiae. et mo- 
lendinario per annum m. DCC.iiii^. et xiiii. bolide qucE faciunt lix. 
prebend'" et xxiiii. bo'ice. Item in bracino servientibus pro pitanciis 
per xxii. duplicia festa cc.xx. bollee sc. in quolibet festo x. bollee. 
Item marescalio pro iiii. festis duplicibus iiii. bolhe. Item pro 
redditu de Adburton iiii. bollee per annum. Item pistoribus quando 
faciunt wastell et ftacon^ viii. bollee. Item tirmariis pro xlv.firmis 
iiii^''. X. boliEe pro qualibet firma ii. bollee. Item clerico sancti 
Gregorii per annum lii. bollee sc. qualibet septiman' i. bolla. Item 
fratri Carmelitee hoc anno lectori per tria quarteria et tres septi- 
manas D.iiii^^. etviii. bollee sc. qualibet ebdomod' xiiii. bollee. Item 
Bartholom'orologi'postadventum Willielmi de Pikewell xxiii. bollee. 
Item hominibus infirmis in villa iiii. bollae. Item sacristee et 
quatuor servientibus in ecclesia m.m.dc. bollas, quae faciunt iiii"-^. 
vi. prebend* et xx. bollee. Item in vendicione hoc anno xxvii. 
bollee. Sumraa Ixvii. m. dccc. xiiii. bollas. 

Idem reddit compotum de vii.ti. receptis pro defectibus ma- 

Item de viii.ti. xii§. et yid. ad liberaciones famulorum de 
xlv. firmis de qu^ibet firma iiig. xd. 

Item de frumento vendito hoc anno xxxi.ti. iiis. vid, q^. 

Item de avena vendita xx.'s. 

Item de exiribus celarii sc. fece et hujusmodi xi.ti. iid. q^. 

Item de xxxii.e. q^. de xxxvii. boll* cervisiae. 

Item de talliis vacantibns venditis xxxii.s. vi.d. ofe. q^. 

Item de pollardis venditis vi.ti. xii.s. vi.d. ot». 

Item de furfure vendito c.xvii.s. vii.d. 

It€m de carbor.e vendito de pistrino xviii.s. iiii.d. 

SANCil I'AVLI. A.D. 12b6. 1/5 

Item de exitibus in l:)raciiio vi.ii. x.s. ix.d. 

Summa totius recepti iiii^^.ii. x.s. 

ExpenscT inde in iiecessariis aci l)racinun) xxiii.ii. x.s. v.d. ob. 

Item in necessariis ad pislrinum xiiii.s'. ob. 

Item ad necessaria ad celarium v.s. ix.d. ofe. 
• Item in custamentis minutorum in bracino xxxii.s. 

Item in custamentis in molendino xxvii.s. ob. 

Item in liberacionibus famulorum bracini per annum xiii ti. xiii.S. 

Item in stipendiis eorum cun;i clerico Ixxviii.s. 

Item Elemosenario pro pane nigro cvi.s. viii.d. lien) eidem 
pro defectibus maneriorum ii.s. xi.'d. 

Item minoribus canonicis pro pane niLrro in.i.ti. 

Summa summarum liiii.ii. x.i. xi.d. Quibus subtractis de pre- 
scriptis iiii".ti. et x.s. Reur XAv.ti. xix.s. i.d. dividendis inter 


I X D E X. 

Abberton, Esses (Edburgeton) ; the manor of, 
14f^ ; described, cxi 

Abel, the son of Ernold, tenant at Caddington, 5 

Abel, ^Vi:liam, tenarit at Ardleigh. 22. 2C 

Abelcte. Richard. tenant at Beauchamp, 121 

Abso:onn, late tenar.t at Runwell, 71 

Abso'ion. Apso'ion, Asolon, tenant at Beauchamp, 
115; 117; tlie son of Baldwin, tenant at 
Chiijgford, 107 

Accoant of the year 1550, csxxiii 

Acne de g-enesteio, Ixxxi 

Acrae de ^vareto, rebinata:, &c. explained, xcviii j 

Actona, Vjtalis de, 128 

Ada, the daiighter of Hugh, the daughter and . 
heir of, tenant at Navestock, 77 ! 

Adani, the son of Ailward, tenant at Ching- i 
fore, Se ; the son of Edric, tenant at Naves- ' 
tock; S ; the son of Edwin, tenant there. 85 ; 
the son of Garin, 124 ; the son of Gilibert, j 
juror of Sutton, 53 ; tenant there, 93, f'4 ; te- | 
nant at Crungford, 8t ; the son of Gilibert, | 
the son of Edward, tenant at Chingford, 90; ' 
the son of Hugh, late tenant at Navestock, 78 ; | 
the son of Robert, " hydarius" atKirkeby,44 1 

•Adelina, the relict of Gilbert, tenant at Kens- i 
■worth, 10 1 

Admeresiand, land at Beauchamp so called, 1 IC . 

Adulfsnasa (Adulvesnasa, iEdulvesnasa, Edu- i 

luesnaie, Edolver.esse, &c.) ; description of i 

the manor of, xci; ; the lease of, to Richard the ! 

Archdeacon, xcvi ; divisions nf tlie manor, ! 

xcvi: the manor of, 3 s, jll, ij.:,, \-2<:t, 142; j 

Richard Rufus " firmarius " there, 111 ; the , 

manor, buildings, stock and furniture tliere j 


described, 130, 131, 132; the churches of, 
132; " sokna de," 159*' 

Agnes, "firmarius'" at Navestock, 79, 84; 
' n;Ot!ier of Genase de Breinfcrd, tenant at 
Sutton, 95 ; the relict of Ailwin. tenant at 
Luffenhale, 19 ; the relict of Godman, " ope- 
rarius" at Sutton, 98; the relict of Ralph, 
the son of Ailward, " nritivus " at Navestock, 
£3, 84 

Ailida, the relict of Kamon, tenant at Wickl)am, 

Ailleva, the daughter of Adulf, " onerarius" at 
Tillingham, C2 

.Ailmnr, late tenant at Thcrp, 40, 41; late 
"hydarius" at Kirkeby, 43; "hydarius" 
there, 44; late tenant at Barnes, IOC ; " fir- 
marius " at Chingford, 144 ; the son of 
Aldred, juror of \Vickham, 33 ; tenant there, 
35; the son of Hervey, "hydarius" at 
Kirkeby, 44 ; " akermannus " at Walton, 52 ; 
the son of Martin," hydarius" at Thorp, 41 

Ailred, the son of AsketiJl, " operanus '' at 
Barling, 68 

Ailric, tenant at Wickhani, 37 

Ailward, 128; late tenant at Sandon, 14; te- 
nant there, 15 ; late tenant at Navestock, 82 ; 
the land of, at Navestock, 84; " leprosus," 
late tenant at Chingford, 89, 91 ; Ediva his 
wife, tenant there, 91 

Ailwin, the priest, and his sons, xc ; his lease 
copied for his son's taking, xc ; late " cota- 
rius" at Ardleigh, 27 ; lr>te tenant at Wick- 
ham, 35 ; late tenant at Barling. 07 ; late 
tenant at Chingford, 91 ; the Bishop, late 
2 A 



tciiaiit at Navestock, 76; '' sacerdo^,'' 132, 

124; uncle of Kobert lilt son of Aihvin, 124; 

tl.i. i'ju of Picol, tenant at Cniiigfoid, 91 
Aimund, the son of Martin, " hrd&rius " at 

Thor],. 41 
Ainildc the widow, "cperariu; " at \Vahon. 50 
Akerman, Robert, late tenant at ^Vickha^-|, 35 
Akermanni, tenants at WaJton, 52 
Alabastus, late tenant at Walton. 60 
Alan, tenant at Barling, C5 ; late tenant at 

Norton. 74 ; tenant at Sutton, 97 ; the son 1 

cf Algar. late tenant at Bftfeucliamp, 29 ; te- ; 

nar,t there, 115 . 

Alard, A. the Deaii (of London'; 38, 39. 41. 42, , 

4-4, 49, 9^, 100 : " firmEriuj "" of Beauclian;]), 1 

Alarick, the son of TurkiU, "hydarius" at 

Thorp, 42 
Alberic, " canonicus," " magister.'' 22, 12C; 

takes Ardleigh to farm, 13G, 137, 138 
Albert, William, juror of Runwell, 69 
Albreda, tenant at Wickham, 38 
Albus, John, tenant at Chingford, 89, 91 
Albus, Wlward, late tenant at Barnes, IOC 
Aldeland, land at Barnes so called, 103 
Aldelburston, Adburton, meal and bread for 

rent of, 1C8, 173, 174 
Aldermannesberi, Baldwin dt, 128 
Aldina, late " hydarius" at Kirkeby, 43 
Atditha, Aldiva, latt tenant at Ardleigh, 27 ; 

latetenantat Walton, .51 ; the relict of Cocus, 

tenant at Drayton, 101 ; the daughter of 

AJexander, tenant at Barnes, 104 
Aldred, late tenant at Wickham, 35; Walter 

tenant at Wickham, 34 
Alebedrip, explained, cxxxv 
Alegrave wood, at Sandon, 13 
Alexander, tenant at Caddineton, 4 ; " magis- 

tcr," tenant at Heybridgt, 54 ; "firmarius" 
at Sutton, 95, 9G ; the Third, Pope, 109; the 
son of Gregory, tenant at Kensworth, 8 ; tin 
son of Ernesius, tenant ac Kensworth, 11; 
the son of M'lured, tenant at Luffenhale, 20 ; 

the son of Reirinald, " liidarius" at Kirkeby 
aiid Horiock, 45; the son of Lcfsi, tenant at 
Hc} bridge, 57 ; the son of Aluric, late tenant 
at Barnes. 105 ; a canon of St. PauVs, takes 
Sandon to farm, 134 

Alfilda, late "hidarius" at Kirkeby and Hor- 
iock, 4€ ; the land of, at Navestock, 84; the 
relict of Wiliiam, tenant at Tillingham, 59 

Alfay, alias Daunfay, Robert de, tenant ft Kens- 
worth. 9, 10; r. Anfey and Danfey 

Alfwin, the son of Estrilda, tenant at Tilling- 
ham. G! 

Algar, late tenant at Tillingham, 62 

Alicia, tenant at Caddington, 5; late " hyda- 
rius "at Kirkeby, 44 ; " operarius" at Wal- 
ton, 50 ; the widow, ''operarius" tliere, 60; 
tenant at Heybridge, 54, 56 ; the daughter of 
Eilliva, tenant at Caddinjrton, 4 ; the daugh- 
ter of Juliana, tenant at Caddington, 4 ; the 
daughter of William, tenant at Caddington, 4; 
the daughter of GeofjYey. " hidarius" at 
Kirkeby and Horlork, 46 ; the relict of Alan, 
tenant at Caddington, 6; the relict of Warin, 
tenant at Kensworth, 8 ; the relict of Ail- 
werd, tenant at Beauchamp, 30 ; the relict of 
Lambert, tenant at Beauchamp, 32 ; the relict 
of the Templar, tenant at Wickharn, 37 ; 
the relict of Gilibert, " hydarius" at Kirkeby, 
44 ; the relict of Hereward, " hydarius" at 
Kirkeby, 44 ; the relict of Baldwin, tlie son 
of Sirro, tenant at Tillingham, 59 

AUurton. " compotus " of, 1 64 

Alms, weekly application of, xci 

Alured, " hydarius " at Kirkeby, 44 ; late ten^ 
ant at Drayton, 100; the brother of Roger, 
tenant at Luffenhale, 20 

Aluric, Alric, late tenant at Wickham, 34, 35, 
36; tenant there, 37; late tenant at Thorp, 
39,51; late tenant at Ciiingford, 91 ; late ten- 
ant at Sutton, 96 ; ttiiant there, 145 

Alvitha, Aluitlia, Alucua, late "hydarius" at 
Thorp, 41 ; at Kirkeby and Horiock, 45 ; late 
tenant at Tillingham, GO ; de Marisco, the 



relict of Alexander, " hydarius " at Kirkeby 
£ijd Horiock,45 
Ai^n, \ViJiiam, tenant at Bcauchainp, 117£nv.-i], Richard dc, li:'4, 125 
A-ncelin, Beatrice, tenant at Bcmichamp, 3! 
Ancbelei, Gregory de, juror of Kenswortli, 7 ; 
jite tenant, and also tenant there, 9, 10, 12; 
John de, tenant at Kens'.vorth, 9 
Andrea, Gilbert de Sancto, tenant at Beau- 
champ, 120; Henry de Sancto, tenant at 
Beauchamp, 30; Robert de Sancto, Roger 
tl-.e son of, tenant at Beauchamp, 1 1 S 
Andrev.-, the son of Osbert, "Lidarius" at 
Kirkeby and Horiock, 40 ; tlie son of Stephen, 
juror at Thorp, 3b; tenai.t there, 3P, 40, 41 
Ajnfey, Robert de, juror of Caddington, 1 ; r. 

Alfsy and Danfey 
An^ruE, tenant at Ardleigh, 24 
Anger, the son of Osbert, juror of Ardleigh, 21 ; 
tenant there, 25 ; the son of Robert, tenant 
there, 25 
Ang'.icus, V.'illiam, tenant at Sandon, 14, 15 
Aiigra, Magna, Angr, v. Ongar, Great 
Anicla, Anicc, "operariu«" at Bcauchamj), 117: 
the widow, tenant at Barling, 65; the relict of 
Gliibert, tenant at Caddington, 5 ; the relict 
c: John Besant, tenant at Sandon, 14, iC; the 
daughter of Roger, tenant at Caddington, 4, 
C ; tenant at Heybridge, 5S 
A^riimabuE, pro eorum, S;c., explained, xciv 
Ankitil, juror of Beauchamp, 26 
Annilda, late tenant at Walton, 60 
Annus ab Incarnatione, kc., identified, Ixixvi 
Aperiendos selones ad aqua:' ductum, explained, 

Appnjare, explained, cxxiii 
Ao'-a ducenda, explained, cxxxii 
Aratura de lage erthe, 3 ; its nature, Ixvi 
A-rbores in haiciis suis, &.c. explained, cxxvi 
A^-cibishop, The land of the. at Barnes, 103; 

court of, there, 103 
Archdeacons, " Quid solvatur Archidiaconis," 
kc. cxviii, cxix 

I Archarius, &c., jurors of Beauchamp, Irxxvii 

Archarius, Richard, juror of Beauthan-jj), 114; 
: tenant there, 1)6 

Archer. Thomn?, juror of Beauchamp, 25 ; ten- 
ant there, 30 

Arch', Archi',, G. de. GeofiYey dc, Gilibert de, 
' (':'. 70, 71, 72, 92 ; Nicholas, " f.rmarius" at 

Sutton, 98 
; Aicoidus, " canonicus et presbiter," 125 
] Ardleigh, (Ardel, Ardeley, Erdele, Erdeley), 21, 
! 104*; its stock and premises described and 
1 valued, 135, 130, 137, 13S, the manoi of, 
140,152; " compotuE " of, 154, 155, 150, 
157, 15?, 159, 1C2 ; the church of, 147, 14&' 
; Ardeiey. Osbert dC; takes Ardleigh to farm, 135 

Artcarius, Thomas, tenant at Beauchamp, 30 
j Arnold, the son of Herbert, tenant at Ardleigh, 
! 26 

Arnul!, tenant at Sutton, 97 
, Artuk, 12S 

' Ascelina, the daughter of Lefwin, tenant at San- 

I c 

I don, 14 ; the widow, " operarius " at Sandon, 
17 ; the widow, tenant at Navestock, 7C 

Aschitill, juror of Beauchamp, 1)4; tenant 
there, 1 17 
! Asketil, tenant at Beauchamp, 31, 32 
i Asketin, Walter, tenant at Beaucharr,p, 120 
i Askill, the son of Reginald, tenant at Cadding- 
I ton, 2 

■ AsLitiHus, tenant at Caddington. 
< Aspeijeg, William Brunus, tenant at Beau- 
champ, 29 

Astreg', Alexander de, tenant at Kensworth, 12 
1 Athelstan, juror of Beauchamp, 28 
I Atreham, Hawisia the relict of Hugh de, tenant 
I at Heybridge, 55 
I Auco, Robert de, 124, 125 
' Audeiey 'Ardleigh ''}, 111 ; Nicholas de Sigillo, 
' "firmarius" there, 1 1 1 
i Augustine, late tenant at Kensworth, 12 

Augustine. William, tenant at Kirkeby, 45 

Augustmi, Edward, " sacerdos " Sancti, 126 
I Augustini. Thomas, " hydarius " at Kirkeby, 44 



Auxilium regis, Ixivi 

Averare, its derivation and meaninc, Ixvi, isvii 

Aversiiver, its meaning, Ixxsiii 

Avicia, the v.-ido\v, the second wife of ^VaUer 
Blund, tenant at Barlinr, 6f. 

Balcum, its meaning, c. 

Baldeva, tenant at >'avestock, 7& 

Baldewin, r25 

Baldwin, late " hydarius " at Kirkeby and Hor- 
lock, 45 

Baldevin, late tenant at Walton, 50 ; late ten- 
ant at Tillingham, C3 ; late tenant at Sutton, 
94, 95, 97; the son of Gerard, tenant at 
Chingford,&8; the son of Hugh, " confrater" 
of Saint Paul's, London, takes Caddington to 
farm, 124; the son of Robert, "operarius" 
at SandoD, 17 

Bancroft, land at Thorp so called, 39; Stephen 
de, " hydarius " at Thorp, 4 1 

Bardenei, John de, " seniens " of the Chapter 
(of London), tenant at Chingford, 92 

Barling, Essex, Berlinga defendebat se, &:c., its 
variations, cv ; the manor of, G4, 12-'; 143, 
152, 1C5*; " compotus" of, 154, 155, 156, 
157, 15S, 169, ICl ; the church of, 149; 
Walter de Berling, " firmarius " there, 64 
Barnes, Surrey (Bema, Bernes, B'nes;, the 
canons' tenure of, Ixxxiv ; the manor of, 103, 

Bassett, Walter, tenant at Caddington, 4 
Bassingeburn. Bjissingcburne, Alan, the son of 
Alexander de, tenant at Sandon, 15; John 
de. tenant there, 14,15 
Bateria, Ixxvi 

Batz, Roger, " hydarius" at Thorp, 41 
Beatrice, "hvdarius," and late "hydarius" at 
Kirkeby and Horlock, 45 ; late tenant at 
Heybridge, 53 ; the relict of John the son of 
Richard, tenant at Sandon, 16 ; the relict of 
Thomas del Slo, " operarius" at Tilling- 
ham, 63 ; the relict of Brichthmar, tenant at 
1 Navestock, 7S ; the relict of Geoffrey, " ope- 
rarius"' at Tillingham, C3 ; the widow, tenant 
at Wickham, 37 ; tenant at Heybridge, 5C, 57 
Beauchamj', Essex (Baldechamp, Bealchamp, 
Belcamp, Belchamp,} obser\-ations on in- 
i creased rental of lands in, Ixxxix ; the manor 
I of, 27, 114, 129, 141, 152, 164*; its stock and 
premises described, 13S, 139; the " compo- 
i tus'" of 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160; 
the church of, 14S; receipts from defaulters 
I at, 166; William dc Burnham, "firmarius'" 
1 there, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32; Hugh de Sancto 

Eadmundo, "'custos" of the manor of, US 
I Bedel, Bedellus. Richard, juror of Sandon, 13 ; 
tenant there, 14; "operarius" at Sandon, 
17; late tenant there. 19 

105,111,127,145,152,165*; the church of, Bedellus, Hugh, tenant at Ardleigh, 24 ; Wil- 

151; "compotus," &c.of, 154, 155, 156, 158, liam, juror there, 21 ; tenant there, 24 

159, 162 ; magister Phihp de Haddam " fir- Bedellus, the son of Richard Carpentarius, Wil- 

roarius " there, 103; " prsepositus " of 103 ; 
John, " firmarius " there, 1 1 1 
Barnes, John de, '" firmarius" at Navestock, 74 
Bartholomew, tenant at Heybridge, 56; "fir- 
marius " at Wickham, 142 
Basilia, the widow, tenant at Beauchamp,31 ; 

liam, tenant at Ardleigh, 26; William, the 

son of Ralph, tenant there, 27 
Bedford, the Archdeacon of, 147 
Bedhalsaker and Bedemad, explained, cxxiv 
Beer, the extent and disposal of the cathedral 

brewings, 1, li 

the dauehter of Lambert, tenant at Beau- i Bel, William le, son and heir of Ro'oert le. te- 
charop, 32 ; (daughter of Ainilda?), " opera- j nant at Navestock, 7G 
rius " at Walton, 51 ; the relict of William, [ Bela, " heres'" of, tenant at Navestock, 85 
the son of Wluru', 29 ; Belchem, 1 11 ; Richard Ruffus, "firmarius" 

Basse, Beatrice, 68 ; Beatrice, the relict of Os- \ there, 1 1 1 

bert, tenant at Barling, 66 i Belle, Robert de la, tenant at Runweli, 71 



Belma, Ricardus de, li.' 

Bella', "^"illiam dc. canon of St. Paul's. 13C; i 

BercaricC, Jxxix, 69 | 

Beicarius, " dori'iini" a: Barnes, ICui ; 

Bercarius, Berkarius, Adam, " cotarius" at Ard- ' 
leigh, 27 ; Hugli, tenant at Ajdlcigh, 22; . 
Roger, tenant at Chingford, 90 

Berling, Walter dc, ''' firmarius" at Barling, C-i 

Berlingam, 111; Richard Ru^jf, "firmariui" 
there, 1 1 1 

Bernard, clerk of the Dean, 1:?G; William, te- 
nant at R unwell, 70 

Berna, Bernes. B'nes, v. Barnes 

Berne, Bernes, John de, thefatber, " firma.riu^'■' 
at Kavestock, 79 ; John, the son, ''firmariu?" 
there, 79: John de, '' secundus,'' SI ; John 
de, 85; Philip de, 104, lOG ; Agnes de, lOo, 
lOG; Giiibert the son of John de, tenant at 
Barnes, IOC ' 

Bisanc', Ralph de. '' firmarius" at Heybridge, i2 i 

Bladum Ixx acraruni, explained, xcv 

Blare, John, "operarius at TUlingharn, 03 

Blench, John, juror of "\Va]ton, 4B ; tenarit 
there, 49 

Blidewin, the daughter of, tenant at Ardleigh, 
22, 2G ; 

Blund, Avicia the widow, the second wife of , 
Walter, tenant at Barling, 60 ; Jordan, te- . 
nant at Navestock, 75 ■ 

Blundus, Richard, tenant at Caddington, 3 ; ; 
Richard, the son of Piicbard, tenant at Kens- . 
worth, 9 ; Geoffrey, tenant at Kensworth, 11,; 
]3; Robert, tenant at Arieigh, 27; Her- , 
iDund, tenant at Thorp, 40; Hanound, " hy- ' 
darius there, 41 ; Jordan, tenant at Nave- i 
stock, 84 ; John, tenant at Chingford, 68. 90, i 
91,92 j 

Bonde, Adam, tenant at Kavestock, 84 ; Raljih ; 
Je, " nativus" there, S2, 83 ; Ralph, tenant 
there, 65 

Bosco, moniaies de (the nuns of Marketccll, 
Herts,) 3 ; Hugh dc, late tenant at Beau- ; 
champ, 30; tenant there, 31, 116, 117;' 

Rocbia, the relict of Reginald dc, tenant at 
Beaiichamp, 30 ; Roger de, tenant at Wick- 
ham, 35, 37; tenant at Beauchanip, 119; 
Robert dc, tenant there, 36 ; FJchard de, 
tenant there, 37 ; Juliana de, tenant at Wick- 
ham, 37 ; Jordan cc, jurcr of Hey bridge, 62 ; 
tenant there, 54 ; William de, juror of 
Navestuck. 74, >-4 ; V>'iliiam Dol].hin dc, te- 
nant at Nave&lock, 77 ; Alexander dc, tenant 
at Navestock, 79, SO; William dc, tenant 
there, 79, SO ; Henry de, juror of Beauchamp, 
114; tenant there, 115, 11 G, 117 

Boscum arsuni, r. Brentwood 

Boscum. Alwin " ultra," j ;ror of Beauchamp, 

Boscus vestitus, its meaning, Ixxii ; non ves- 
titus, its meaning, Ixxvii ; forinsecus. de- 
scribed, Ixv 

Bosse, Geofl'rey, " o])erarius" at Tiliiugham, C3 

Bote; housebote, herbole. heybote, explained, 

Bracinum, payments to thc,exjjlained, cxxviii ; 

Eradefeld, land at Beauchamji so called, 29,30, 
115, 11 G 

Bradege, BracJhege, William, juror of Barnes, 
103 ; tenant there, 104, 105 

Brademad, Brodemad, land at Navestock so 
called. 79 

Brainford, Breinford, Gervase de, claimant and 
tenant of land at Sutton, 95, 98 

Brandon, R. de, resident at Saint Paul's in the 
year 1283, 1G7 

Braynford, John de, " custos bracini " of Saint 
Paul's, his " compotus" for the year 12&G, 
172, 173, 174, 175 

Bread, the number and size of loaves baked and 
supplied, xlix, 1. 

Breaute, William de, tenant at Navestock, 75 

Breinford, Agnes, motlier of Gervase de. tenant 
at Sutton, 95 

B'renestede, William de, tenant at Beauchamp, 



Brentwood, Essex ; {" bo^ram trs-jm ") 7t 

Bret, Roger ie, tenant tt Ccinrforc, 1*1 

Brian, J&te tenant at Tborp, o&, 40; " hyda- 

rius" there, 41 
Briani, William, ter.ant at Thorp, 40 
Bricius, land of, at Key brieve, 54 
Brichtraar!, Walter, juror of Chineford, b-' : 

tenant there, 88, 90, ?1 
Brichteva, late " hydarius "' at Tborp, 4 1 
BrichtnothuE, the son of Godman, tenant a* 

Sutton, 97 
Bricsi, Briksi.the laiid of, at Navestock, 81, 84 
BrJd, Alan,' " operarius " at TU'.ingham, 03; 

AVlric, '•operarius " t'aeza, Co 
Brin-jhese,Brjnhe5e,Brdn'r;?i',Brii'r,t's, Richard. 

juror cf Chingford, 86 ; tenant tnere, 8?, 90 ; 

late tenant there. 91 
B:ilo, Pavia, " nepjs "" c: Osben, tenant at 

Barling, 66 ; Osbert, late tenant there, 6G 
Broco, Wigor de, late tenaiit at TiHinghani. 63 
Broke, land at Beauchacp so called, US 
Bromhee, " grava " de, at Eeybridee, 52 
Bruera, its meaning, Ixxxi: ; Richard de, tenant 

at Ardleigh, 22; Godul'as de. tenant there. 

22 : Geofrev, the son o:' William de, tenant 

there, 26 
Bruer', Waiter de la, "nepc-s'' of Wimar, 

tenant at Navestock, 77 ; Wiir.arch de la, 

tenant at Navestock, 78 : Wimar', the relict 

of Walter de la, " natrrus " at Navestock, 

Brun, Ricba-'d, a pledge ts to farm of Kens- 

worth. 12? 
Brunild, Hugh, the son of Hugh ; Hugh, tenant 

at Ardleigh, 25, 27 
Bruning, Hugh, .iurcr of Ardleigh, 21 ; Richard. 

late tenant at Chmgford, 89 
Brunman, tenant at Wakon, 49 : Eadmund, 

" operarius " there, 50: Edmund, tenant at 

Walton, 49 
Brunmannus, juror of Wa^:on. 48 
Brunus, Wi'.iiara. juror c-f Beauchamp, 2- ; 

tenant there, 30, 31 

I Brus, Bn:z, John, juror of Barnes, 1U3 ; tenant 
I there, 106 
! Brusa. IxTii, 16 

[ Bucvinte, 1-lumfrcy, takes Kcnswortli to farm, 
I 128,129 

I Buher, Junguin dc, tenant at Heybridge, 53 
', Buherde, Vnguin de, juror of Heybridge, 52 
1 Buletellum cum filo, explained, cxxxii 
Bund, Bundc, Gosceline, " operarius " at Wal- 
ton, 50 ; Ailred le, juror of Barling, 64 ; 
I Ralph le, juror of Navestock, 74; Ralph, 
1 tenant there, 77, 80; Adam, " nativus '' at 
Navestock, 81 , 62 ; John le, tenant there, 81 ; 
Ralph, the son cf Wlward, tenant there, 84 
Burgeis, R:chard, 'operarius" at Sandon, 17 , 
Sawgel, juror of Walton. 48 
j Burgensis, William, juror of Barnes, 103; 
I tenant there, 104, 105 

j BurgiJda, late tenant at Barling, 67 ; the land 
1 of, at Barling, 68 

' Burnam, William de, "firmarius" of Thorp, 38 
Burnbam, William de, " firmarius " of Beau- 
I champ. Esses, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32 
! Burneviir, Robert, tenant at Beauchamp, 29 

Burnevile, Reginald de, tenant at Beauchamp, 120 
I Burnev-elia, 111 ; Richard Ruffus, " firmarius" 
there, 1 1 1 
Buscha ad torolk, its meaning, cxxxii 
But, William, tenant at Navestock, 78, 80 
Caddington, Herts (Cadendon, Kadenden, Ka- 
dyndon). the manor of, 1, 110, 1 13, 124, 140, 
152, 165*; William de Hely, "firmarius" 
there, I ; Herebert, Archdeacon of Canter- 
bury, "firmarius there, 110; "compotus'" 
of, 1-54, 155, 157, 158 •, with Kensworth, 163 
the church of, 147, 163; receipts from de- 
faulters at, 166, 167 
Cadomo, Robert de, 124 
Calceia, explained, cxix 
Calces sec cleias, explained, cxxiv 
Caldae, its meaning, cxxxii 
Caligie, its meaning, cxxxii 
Calna, William de, 124, 125 



Ctmera, pavments to the, explained, cxxix i 

Ctmerc.rius, the, late tenant at Navestock, 7G i 
Campe, Hamo. " liydarius " at Thorp, 42 ; Wil- 

iiarr., " nativus " at Kavestock, 63 ' 

Canspi, " Quot campi sunt in dominio,'' ex- 
plained. cx:<.ii 
Cl^PO, Beatrice, tne wife of Geoffre}- de, tenant 
at Tillinghani, CI ; Hugh de, " hydarius " at 
Thorp, 41, 42 ; Hugh de, the son of A-iimar, 
"hydarius" at Thorp, 4 2 
Cani, Robert de, So 
Canibus expeditandis, Quieta de, explained, 

Canons. con:plaints respecting their allowances, 
!iii, liv; Residentian.', their prohts and allow- 
ances, li. liii 
Canonicis vero 1. lib.; paid for the manor cl 

Aduifsnasa, civ, 142 
Cantallum, " De quibus habuit xx quartcria,'' 

&c. explained, cxxxi 
Canterbur}', Herbert, Herebert, Archdeacon of, 
Ixxrvi ; new essart made by him, at Kens- 
wortli, 12 ; " firmarius" at Caddin^on and 
Kensworth, 110, 111 ; the dean and chajner 
of, new essart made by, at Kensworth, 12 
Cantoc, John, held land at Kensworth, 9 
Capella, Eiyas de, tenant at Kensworth, 9 ; 
Hugh de, 124 ; William de, tenant at Kens- 
worth, 9 
Capeliajius, Reginald, the son of Walter, tenant 

at Barling. 66 
Capeliator, Adam, tenant at Navestock, 60 
CapeHae, " Servit capellee quae est in curia," kc 

chapels in manor houses, cxix 
Capent', Godwin, tenant at Beauchamp, 1 1 & 
Carbone pisthni et bracini, explained, cxxxi 
Caretter, John le, tenant at Chingford, 107 
Csxettarius, Karectarius, Richard, tenant at 

Ardieigh, I'C ; tenant at Beauchamp, 119 
Canrelitarun., fratri de ovdine, cxxxiii, cxxxiv 
Carmelite, a brother, "reader" at Saint Paul's 

in the year 12&6, meal allowed to, 174 
Canufex, Gregory, tenant at Kensworth. i* ; 

John, the son of Richard, tenant at Kens- 
worth, S 
Carpentarius, Aluric, tenant at Wjckbam, 36 ; 
Cecilia, the relict of Gilbert, tenant at Beau- 
champ, .^1 ; Paganus, late tenant at Ardleigh, 
24; Reginald, late tenant at Chingford, 68, 
91 : Robert, and Ailwin his son, latt tenants 
there, 90 ; Robert, tenant at Ardleigh, 25 ; 
Walter, tenant at Ardleigh, 24 ; William 
'■ Bedellus," the son of Richard, tenant at 
Ardleigh, 26; William, tenant at Sandon, 14; 
tenant at Beauchamp, 30 
Castella, contra, explained, xcii, cxxxv, cxxxvi 
Casun, Winemer, late tenant at Ardleigh, 26 
Catteslee. land at Chingford so called. .'^9 
Cattle, right to sell, " An nativi venciderint," 

&,c. explained, cxxvi 
Caruca, its various meanings, Ixv 
Carucata, explained, cxxi, cxxii 
Carucse, or plough-teams, xv, xvi 
Cecilia, the relict of Adleston, tenant at Beau- 
champ, 119; the relict of Andrew, "hida- 
rius" at Kirkcby and Horlock,4 6 ; the relict 
of Gilbert Carpentarius, tenant at Beauchamp, 
31 ; the relict of Ralph, tenant at Kensworth, 
S; the relict of Savarus, "hidarius"atKirkeby 
and Horlock, 4G 
Cementarius, William, tenant at Kensworth, 9 
Cessit in dies regis, meaning of the phrase. Ixx 
Chancellor, the, resident at St. Paul's in the 

year 1283, 167 
Chalcrofte wood, at Sandon, 13 
Cualncroft, at Sandon, 14 

Chanterel, late tenant at Sandon, 14; Cecilia, 
the relict of Alan, tenant at Beauchamp, 
30, 31 
Chapter, revenue contributed by churches of 
manors to the, " Quid solratur capitulo," 
cxiv, cxv 
Cnarchiare, Ixxxi 
Cheles, Walter, juror of Sutton, 93; tenant 

there, 97 
Chelmesford, "compotus" of, 164 



Cherchescd, explained, cxxiv 

Chesewich, "solanda" dc, at Sutton, 1'3 ; tene- 
rnent of. at Willesdon, 152 

Chichester (Cicesti'j G. de, canon of London, 14 

Chingforc, Essex. (Chingeford, ChingelfordJ 
Ixxxv ; the manor of, S5. 107,111, ]?.[>, 144, 
152, 16-4*; Gaiter, " firmarius '' there, 111; 
"compc'tus" of, k'.4, 155, 15C, 15S, lop, 
If.l ; the church of, 151 

Church, payment to the mother, " Quid secclesise 
matrici jure parochial! solvatur," cxv 

Churches, or parsonages of manors, included in 
the lease, xliv, xlvi ; endowment of, tabular 
form cf variety in, cxii, cxiv; revenue paid by 
them to the chapter, cxiv, cxv ; ornaments of, 
the visitation of 1181 deScient, cxix 

Circuli, its meaning, cxxxii 

Clai, (Clay.) S. dc, 23, 24, 27 

Clare, 120; " calceia" de, 148 

Claudus, Osward, tenant atTillingham, CO 

Cleias ad faldam de virgis, Ixxvi 

Clekere, Edward, juror of Chingford, 85 ; Gili- 
bert le. late tenant at Chingford, 88 

Clericus, Alured, 124; Geofirey, late tenant at 
Kensvorth. 10; John, the son of, juror of 
Thorp, 3? ; William, John, the son of, tenant 
at Thorp, 40 ; " hydarius" there, 42 ; Nieel, 
124; Peter, tenant at Painwell. 71: Ralph, 
tenant at Caddington, 2 ; tenant at Kens- 
worth, 8, 9; Pv-ichard, 124; '-nepos" of 
Ralph, tenant at Navestock, 85 ; " nej)OE " of 
Ralph, the son of Aiiward, tenant there, 78 ; 
"nativus" at Navestock, 82 ; Robert, 124; 
'•'hydarius" at Kirkeby, 44; tenant there, 
45 ; " hidarius "' at Kirkeby and Horlock, 45 ; 
Walter, the son of Henry, "nativus" at 
Navestock, 81, 82; William, tenant at Wick- 
ham, 35, 37 ; the son of the, juror of Dray- 
ton, 9? 

Clerkewe'.l, moniales de. tenants at He\ bridge. 54 

Ciiford, Clifford, Gunnilda, daughter of linger 
de, tenant at Caddington, 2 ; John de, juror 
of Caddington, 1 ; tenant there, 5 ; " domi- 

nus" Robert de, assists Ralph de Diceto in 
his Domesday, 10'.*; Roger de, justice in 
Eyre, 107; the heir of Roger de, tenant at 
Caddington, C 

Clobbere, Richard, tenant at Sandon, 15 

Cnolle, described, cxx 

Cnoll, la, at Willesdon, 152 

Cob, Robert, tenarit at Runweli, 70 

Cobbe, Walter, juror of Runv,-ell, €9 ; tenant 
there, 70; Wiiliam, tenant at Heybridge, 
54, 5C 

Cocus, V.'illiam, tenant at Wickham, 35 ; late 
tenant at Walton, 49; late "hidarius" at 
Kirkeby and Horlock, 45 

Coderee, Walter de. tenant at Navestock, 7C 

Cok, tiie relict of Wkiric, tenant at Tilling- 
ham, fil 

Colchester, R. archdeacon of, 105; the mea- 
sure of, 33 

Colebrok, mill thereon, at Drayton. 90 

Colecrof, Cclecroft, land at Beauchamp so 
called, 29, 115 

Colecroft, Hugh, the son of Gilbert de, tenant 
at Beauchamp, 1 19 

Coleham, Aldric de, 128; Ansgot, "clericus" 
de, 128 

Coleman, the son of Aldred, tenant at Wick- 
ham, 35 

Colier', Savarus, late tenant at Walton, 50 

Communitas, xciii ; pastoragii, communis pas- 
tura, explained, Ixxxii, Ixxxiii, Ixxxiv, Ixxxv 

Companagium, Ixxvi 

" Com]iotus maneriorum et firmarum," de- 
scribed, cxxvii 

Constable, Geoffrey the, 124, 125 

Constantiae, explained, xciii 

Consuetudines villatae, Ixx 

Coperones fustium, explained, Ixxxi, cxxxv 

Cornmonger, Ailric, late tenant at Sandon, 15 

Corredium, Ixxii, Ixxiii ; 29 

Constantin, late tenant at Chingford, 90 

Cotmannemad', land at Barnes so called, 103 

Coulyng, Thomas de, "custos bracini" of 



Saint Paul's, his "compotus" for the year 
12S3, ir.3, ICG, 1C7. ICS, IC'J, 170, 171, 112, 

Court-houses in various reanors, dcscribic 
scviii, xcix 

Cranford, ^Valtcr de, and Athikis his daughter, 
take Twiford to farm, 127 

Cranmere, Ralph, the son cf William de, tcn[:i.t 
at Ardleigli, 27 

Crauine, Crawnie, Ralpli, the son of William 
de, tenant at Ardleigh, 22. 24 

Crementum ut sit perpetui^m, explained, b:x>:i 

Criba, its meaviing, cxxxii 

Crispus, Pv.ichard, tenant at Vraiton, 4C' ; ''cp'-- 
rariuE " at Walton, 50 

Cristina, the daughter of, tenant at Tiliinghan., 
60, ri ; the relict of S., tenant at Wickhan^ 
37 ; the relict of William the son of Edward, 
tenant at Ardleigh, 24 

Crockkerelond, land at Navestock so called, 1'.^ 

Cruce, Geoffrey, the son of John de, tenant at 
Ardleigh, 22; Peter de, tenant at Heybridgc, 58 

Crucis, Exaltatio Sancta?, ciii, 140 

Crusci, Ralph, "operarius" at Tillingham, C3 

Cuherde, Gerard, " hydarius "' at Kirkeby, 44 

Cui not attinet, meaning of the phrase, hvii 

Culacium, explained, Ixxvi 

Cultreweg, Cuntreweg, Simon, juror of Ard- 
leigh, 21 ; tenant there, 23, 25 ; " cotarius'" 
there, 27 

Cum <]uiescit dominium per wainagium, its 
meaning, Ixxix 

Cupar, tenant at Beauchamp, 115 

Cupere, Richard le, late tenant at Ardleigh, 24 

Curia habet foregrist sed dat molturam, ex- 
plained, Ixsxi 

Curtilagium, explained, cxxi 

Curtpeil, Roger, tenant at Beauchamp, 31 

Custamento suo et periculo, explained, Ixxix 

Customary services, "Item ad quas consuetu- 
dines tencantur," exjilained, cxxiii, cxxiv 

Dale, Edward de la, " hydarius" at Kirkeby, 44 

Damian, "hydarius" at Kirkeby, 44 ; tenant 
there, 45 

Dammartino, Odo de, Ixxivii : " f.rn",arius '" at 

Norton, 111 
Danfey, Daunfev, Robert, juror of Kensworth, 

7 ; tenant there, 12. 
Daniel, William the son of, tenant at Cadding- 

ton, 5 
Danningam. v. Dengey 
Daunfay, v. " Alfay " and '■' Danfey." 
David, " dominium magistri," at Willesdon, 152 
Dean and Chapter (of London), The, SI, 86 
Dean, D% Decanus, resident at Saint Paul's in 

the year 12S3, 167; Henry the son of the, 

tenant at Caddington, 6 
Debet facere sectam. siixc. 'cc, ixxii! 
Deboneire, Gilbert, juror cf Kensworth, 7 ; 

tenant there, 9, 10, 12 
Dec', Edmund, 124 
De Carmos, Moellos, Jcc, Ixxxiii, So 
Decem acrae pro ferramentis carucarum facien- 

dis, explained. Ixxviii 
Decem trine cum verro uno, explained, cix 
Defaults, "ad defectum bracini," explained, cxxvii 
Defensa xl. solidorum, ciii, 141 
Demesne land, its nature, Ixv ; '• per viliena- 

gium," Ixvi ; " Altera dimidia est in dominio 

gcldabilis,"' explained, civ 
Demon, Robert, "hydarius'" at Tiiorp. 41 
Dena, explained, cxxvii 

Dene, Robert de la, late tenant at Caddington, 4 
Dengey, Essex (Danningam). 64 
Derewina, late tenant at Navestork, 77 
Derewinus, the land of, at Navcstock, S4 
Devis, Roger, 6^ 
Diceto, Ralph de. Dean of London, 22, 93 ; his 

Visitation or Domesday, vi, viii, Ixxxvi, IOC 

to 117 
Dignerium, explained, Lxxv 
Dionisia, the relict of Ralph Cle.ncus. " hida- 

rius" at Kirkeby ana Horlock. 40 ; tenant at 

Walton, 49 
Disci, its meaning, cxxxii 
Disrationavit per breve Regis, v'viC. meaning of 

the phrase, Ixxi 

2 B 



Dives, Richard, the son of Ralph, tenant at 
Bcauchamp, 30; Roger, tenant at Heybridge, 

Dizena, dena, their probable value, Sec, xlvii, 
xlviii, cxsvii 

Dodda;. a measure, l.xsvi 

Dolfin, the land of, at Xavestock, >-4 

Dolfin de Bosco, William, tenant at Nave- 
stock, 77 

Domesday, of the Exchequer, entries in, relating 
to places in the Saint Paul's Domesday, iii, 
iv ; of Saint Paul's, its contents described and 
commented on, iii — xxxii ; the information 
therein not uniform, xvi ; comparison be- 
tween nature of entries therein and in that of 
Saint Paul's, xvii — xxi ; tenants and their 
services named in both compared and com- 
mented on. xxi — xxxii 

Domesday books generally, remarks on, ix — xii, 
Ix, Ixi 

Dominium magistri Nicholai, &c., cxix, cxx, 152 

Done. Alexander de la. juror of Sandon, 13 ; 
Eadmund de la, "hidarius'' at Kirkeby 
and Horlock, 46; William de la, juror of 
Thorp, 38 

Doreleth, land at Beaucbamp so called, 116 

Dorile, a grove at Beauchamp so called, 28 

Drachat. explained, cxxxi 

Drayton. Middlesex (Draitone), the manor of, 
99,112. 145,152,164* ; " compotus " of, 154, 
155, 156, 158, 159, 163 ; the church of, i51 ; 
Roger de Wigornia, " firraarius " there, 99 ; 
William, Archdeacon of Gloucester, and 
Robert Simplex, " firmarii " there, 112 

Droppelime, Geoffrey, the son of F^obert, tenant 
at Kensworth, 1 1 

Duas marcas vel panem., la:., explained, cii, ciii 

Duos raultones meliores, kc, meaning of the 
phrase, Ixxvi 

Dudde, Ralpl;, tenant at Ardieigh. 25 

Duk, Godwir., late " hydarius " at Thorp, 41 ; 
Henry, tenant at Beauchamp, 29, 32 

Dune, William dc la, " bydarius'' at Thorp, 41 

Dunstable (Dunstapel'), 9; (DunsUpele) Hugh 
de, tenant at Caddington, 3 ; John Ruman- 
ger de, tenant at Kensworili, iO 

Durand, the son of Durand. tenant at Cadding- 
ton, 3 

Diirant, juror of Caddington, 1 

Dux, Henry, tenant at Beauchamp, 1 19 

Duzamur, Felicia, the daughter cS, tenant at 
Sandon, IC ; " operarJus" there, 16 

Eadmund. tenant at Walton, 49; "operarius" 
at Walton, 5ri; "akermannus" there, 52; 
the son (pf William, " hidarius" at Kirkeby 
and Horlock, 4G 

Eadmundo, Hugh do Sancto, " custos" of the 
manor of Beauchamp, i IS 

Eacrichesland, laud at Beauchamp so called, 1 16 

Ecclesia, Gilibert dt, tenant at Chingford, 87, 
><fi, 69 ; Godwin de, tenant at Barnes, 105 ; 
Ralph de, tenant at Thorp, 40; " hydarius" 
at Thorp, 42; Wilham. de, tenant at Barnes, 

Ecclesia de KensTvorth, Ixx, 10, 147 

Ecclesiam hberam ab omni persona, explained, 
iliv, xlv 

Edburgeton, r. Abberton 

Edelina, 63 ; the daughter of Gilbert, tenant at 
Axdleigh, 24 

Edith, Editha, tenant at Heybridge, 58; tenant 
at Kensworth, 12 ; the •widow, tenant st 
Navestock, 84 ; " operarius" at Tillingham, 
63 ; the relict of Hugelin, tenant at Beau- 
champ, 119; the relict of John, tenant at 
Kenswonh, 1 ; the widow, the relict of Tur- 
bert, tenant at Thorp, 89 ; the relict of Tur- 
bert, " hydarius" at Thorp, 42 

Ediua, Ediva, late tenant at Thorp, 40; late 
tenant at Tillingham, 60 ; the widow, tenant 
at Navestock, 79, 80; the relict of Ailmar, 
'■ hydarius" at Kirkeby, 44 ; the relict of 
P>.obert, tr.e son of Theodoric, " nativus" rt 
Navestock, 82 

Edm'eslond, land at Beauchamp so called, 30 

Edmund, the son of Lefwin, tenant at Hev- 



bridge, 56; the son ofVitalis, "operarius" 
at Sutton, 98 

Ednoth, late " hydarius" at Thorp, 41 

Edric, juror of Beauchamp. 26 ; late " hyda- 
rius" at Thorp, 41 ; Lefwin, tenant at Hey. 
bridge, 57 

Edricheslond, land at Beauchamp so called, 30 

Eduluesnasse, r. Adulfsnasa 

Edwaker, land so called at Kensworth, 8 

Edward, tenant at Walton, 49; tenant at Sut- 
ton. 98 ; " hidarius " at Kirkeby and Horlock, 
46; " operarius" at Walton, 51; " sacerdos '' 
Sancti Augustini, 12C,; the son of Gilibert, 
tenant at Chingford, 91 ; the son of Turbern, 
tenant at Sutton. 96 

Edwin, late tenant at Hevbndge, 53 ; late te- 
nant at Navestock, 78 ; " operarius " at WaJ- 
ton, 51 ; the son of David, '* operariuE " at 
Walton, 50; the son of Golwin, 128 

Edwin, the Bishop, land of, at Navestock, 64 

Egelin, Maurice, tenant at Beauchamp, 30, 
31, 32 

ELlmar "nepos" of tenant at Thorp, 36 

Elvina, late tenant at Ardleigb, 25 

Elyas, Helyas, tenants at Kensworth, 9, 12 ; 
tenant at Sandon, 15; "hidarius" at 
Kirkeby and Horlock, 46 ; toe son of Ro- 
bert, tenant at Sandon, 15, 17; the son of 
Robert, the son of Ailward, tenant at San- 
don, 16 

Emma, " hydarius" at Thorp. 41 ; the widow, 
" operarius" at Sandon, 18 ; the daughter of 
Estrilda, the widow, tenant at Caddington, 2 
the daughter of Stephen, tenant at Thorp, 41 
the rebel of Fullo, tenant at Dravton, 101 
the relict of Hervey, the son of Ediva, " by 
darius" at Thorp, 42 

Endowment, " qua sit ergo dos ecclesiarunB,' 
tabular form of, variety in, ccii — cxiv 

Enganet, Tovi, 126 

Equicium quantum volueris, explaiaed, cix 

Erdele, Erdeley, Sec. r. Ardleigb 

Ernesius, the heir of, tenant at Caddington, 5 

Emold, tenant at Beauchamp, 117; the heir 
of, late tenant at Ardleigb, 23 

Erunch, land at Thorp so called, 39 

Escaeta propter furtum, often belonging to 
lords of manors, Ixvii 

Essaria, described, Ixiii, l.xiv 

Essenden, Roger de, tenant at Caddington, 
2, 5, 7 

Essex, the archdeacon of, resident at Saint 
Paul's in the year 1283, 167; Theobald, 
archdeacon of, " firmarius" at Ardleigb, 21,25 

Estbeme, Walter de, tenant at Barnes, 104 

Estcroft, land there at Heybridge, 53 

Estrede, at Runwell, 71 

Estrilda, tenant at Kensworth, 9 ; the daughter 
of, tenant at Thorp, 40 

Estun', Walter de. late tenant at Caddington, 5 

Eustace, the son of Sexburga, tenant at Sandon, 

Everard, the son of Turbert, juror of Sutton, 93 

Exennise, explained, cxxxiii 

Extede, land at Beauchamp so called, 1 16 

Extraneus, Roger, justice in Eyre, 107 

Fa' de avena, its meaning, Ixxxiii 

Faber, tenant at Navestock, 80 ; Adam, juror of 
Bariing, 64; "operarius" there, 6? ; tenant 
there, 66 ; Ailwin, late tenant at Tillingbam, 
C3 ; Bartholomew, tenant at Heybridge, 57 ; 
David, late tenant at Caddington. 5; Eadmund, 
late tenant at Walton, 49; Gilbert, Gilibert, 
tenant at Ardleigh, 24; tenant at Barnes, 
106; tenant at Beauchamp, 29; the son of 
Alured, tenant at Ardleigh, 27 ; John, his 
tenure, Ixxxiv ; tenant at Sutton, 93, 96, 98 ; 
" operarius " at Tillingham, 63 ; Lambert, 
tenant at Beauchamp, 120 ; Mabilia. the 
relict of Walter, tenant at Thorp. 38, 42 ; 
Margaret, the relict of William, tenant at 
Ardleigh, 22; Richard, tenant at Dravton, 
101: the son of William, " cotarius " at 
Sandon, 19; Robert, the same with the relict 
of the Potter, tenants at Chingford, 91, 92 ; 
his messuage at Caddington, 3 ; the son of 



Gilbert, tenant there, 3 ; Roger, late tenant 
at Barling, 66 ; land of.C- ; tenant at Ching- 
ford, 1)2; Walter, tenant z.t Chingford, 91, 
i<2 ; William, " nativus " at Navestock, 82 ; 
the son of Alditha, tenarit at Kavestock, 85 ; 
tlie son of E-alph, tenant tt Navestock, 78 ; 
Wlvin, tenant at Wickha:: . 37 

Factus bracini, explained, ctxx 

Falcabit dinnidiam acrare, &c. explained, Ixxxii 

Faida, explained, Isxxiv 

Faukebourn, William de, meal and bread allowed 
to, 172, 174 

Fa-ce et hnjusmodi. explained, cxxxi 

Ferrura, Ferramentutr.. their meaning, cxxxii 

Fifhide, the church of, 150 

Fikere, Jordan le, tlie s^n of Aiiward, '• nativus' 
at Navestock, 81 

Filol, Giles, a canon of Saint Paul's, bread used 
at installation of. 173 

Finis, anciently called " gersuma,"' Ixx 

Firma plena, explained, Ixniii, Ixxxiv; prima, 
explained, cxxviii 

Firms, their nature, number, ice. xxxviii — xli, 
xlvi — xlviii ; their decline and final cessation, 
lii — liv ; their contents, " Hsc sunt duodccim 
maneria," &.c. explained, cxxix ; " Qua 
faciunt xxxvi furmas," cxxx 

Firmarii, their relation to the cathedral, and 
duties, xli — liv 

Flacon, explained, cisxi 

Fla\\ingeham, Robert de, " operarius " at Beau- 
champ, 1 1 7 

Flecher, Richard le. juror of RunwGll.Cf; tenant 
there, 72 

Flede, William, " prffipositus." juror of Ching- 
ford, 85 

Fieg, William le, tenant at Cnmgford, 91 

Foddercorn, described, Ixix, lix 

Fodere terram ad iinum, Isi;-. 

Folioth, Giiebert, Bishon of Hereford, 109 

Foiur, John Ic, tenant at CLijgford, 107 

Fonte, Edwin de, late tenar.t at Sutton, 95 ; 
Geoffrey de, tenant at Ariieigh, 25 ; tenant 

at Drayton, 102 ; FaL-hard de. juror of Tilling- 
ham, 58; tenant there, CO; " operarius " at 
Tillingham, f..3 ; late tenant at Navestock, 81 ; 
the land of, at Naveslok, 8-1 ; Robert de, 
tenant at Drayton, 101, 102; William de, 
juror of Heybridge, 52 ; tenant there, 5C ; the 
son of Godfrey de, tenant at Ardleigh, 2G 

Foreland, land at Beauchamp so called, 1 14 

Forestarius, le Forester, John the son of Wil- 
liam, tenant at Wickham, 37 ; Matthew, 144 ; 
Reginald, juror of Beauchamp, 28 ; the son of 
William, tenant at Wickham, 37 ; Robert, 
tenant at Sandon, 14 ; Willium, juror of 
Wickham. 33 ; tenant there, 3G. 37 ; the son 
of Brichtmar, tenant at Chingford, 91 

Foresterin, '" in fcTefteria bosci clamat heredi- 
tatera,'' Ixxxi 

Foris factum, Ixxiii 

Forland and Inland, described, Ixxii, Ixxiv 

Forman, John, tenant at Thorp, 38, 39 

Fotaver, described, Ixvii 

Foukesm'e, William de. tenant at Kensworth, 12 

Franceis, Robert, late tenant at Ardleigh, 22 

Francum plegium, " obolus de franco plegio," 
explained, cv, cvii 

Fratres, participating "beneficia et orationes," 
described, xciii, xciv 

Fraxino. Lieueua de, "hidarius" at Kirkeby 
and Horlock, 45 ; Robertus de, "hidarius" 
at Kirkeby and Korlock, 46; William de, 
juror of Wickham, 33 ; tenant there, 36, 37 

Freeholders, " de liberis tenentibus," &.c. ex- 
plained, cxxiii 

Frend, Cecilia, the dauglitcr of Richard, tenant 
at Caddington, 4 ; Freyesent, the daughter 
of Philip, tenant at Beauchamp, 119 

Frucisium, described, Ixvi 

Frutetum, its meaning, Ixxvii 

Fuel, " consuevit dare dimidiam marcarn,'" for, 
explained, cxxx 

Fulcham, Robeit de, " firmciius" at Wickiiam, 

Fulcnham, William dc, parson at Wickham, ]-iS 



Fulk, the SOD of Sovaric.. tcnr.nt at Kirkel)y,4o : 
Fuliing-milis. csiiii 

Fuiio, Heir.iiiing. " hydarius'' at Thor]), -12 
Furem judicatum suspendet; i'.iustrations of ex- 
ercise of right, Ixxiv ; 
Furriiciuiri, icrrAaX^, espiaintd, cxxx ! 
G. the De£n (of London) 73 • 
Gaiter, " firmarius" at Chingford, 111 \ 
Galunselver. explained, cxxiv ! 
Gp.ra, " Aiuricus tenet unam garam," explained, ' 

ex : 

Garde, land at Beauchanjp so called, 1 IG : 

Gardiner, Fuchard, tenant at Runwel!. 70 i 

Garin. the 5on of Adam, 124 ; the son of Asco, '.' 

tenant at Cr.ddir/gton. G, 7 •. t!ie son of Gavin. 

tenant at Sar-don, 16 
Garie, land at Beauchamp so called, 30 i 

Garsacra, its meaning. Isxix 
Garsavese, synonymous •^"ilti " })annagium," 

Ixriii, 5, .51 
Gati, its meaning, cxxxii i 

Gauduin, Giiibert. messuage of, at Navestock, ; 

So ! 

Gavelsed, Ixxii ] 

Gelceford. William,'" hydarius" at Thorp, 41, 42 

Gemma, the relict of Canterei, tenant at Beau- : 

cbam. 120 i 


Gen", *' filii," 135 I 

Gtntilman, Adam, tenant at Navestock, 60 ! 

Geoffrey, 84 : tenant at Kensworth, {: ; tenant i 
at W'ickham, 37; " firmarius" there, 142; ' 
late " hidarius" at Kirkeby and Horlock, 45 ; 
late tenant at Navestock. 7* : late tenant at 
E-unwell, 73; " cognatus," 13f> ; AVilliam, 
"hidarius"' at Kirkeby and Horlock, 45; 
the son of Ailward, " nativus" at Navestock, 
p3 ; the son of AiivNin, tenant at Tillingham, 
Gi ; " operarius" at Sutton, 95; Geoflrcy, 
the son of Lrmigard. Ermingard, juror of 
Sandon, 1.'; tenant there, 15; the son of 
Geoffrey, tenant at Norton, 74 ; the son of 
Kamon, tenant at Ardkigh. 2G ; the so:i of 
Herbert- tenant at Kensworth, 11, 12: the 1 

son of John, tenant at Barnes, lOG; the son 
of Odo, tenant at Ardleigh, 23 ; the son of 
Orgar, tenant at Kc\ bridge, .58 ; the son of 
Peter, juror of Wickham, 33 ; tenant there, 
3.'). 3G ; the son of Ralph, '" l-.ydarius"' at 
Kiikeby. 43; I'lie son of Robert, tenant at 
Caddington, S ; the son of Sa^gel, tenant at 
Barnes, lOG ; the son of Simon, tenant at 
Kensworth, 10, 11; the son of \Yilliam, te- 
nant at ^Vickham, 34 : the son of Wlu, 
AVlurtri, 1 24, 125 

Gerard, the son cf Martin, •' hydarius" at 
Thorp, 41 ; the son of Wibern, juror of 
Kirkel.y and Horlock, 45 ; " hidarius •"■ there, 
4G; " quidam extrancu''," vvlm married Ba- 
siliatlie relict of William, the son of Wlurn, 29 

Gerelin, Robert, tenant at Ardleigb, 25 

German, " clericus" at Willesdon. 152 

Gersuma, explained, xciv 

Gervase, the son of Hameiin, tenant at Tborj), 
39, 41 ; (de Breinford?) claimant and tenant 
of land at Sutton, 95, SS 

Gestingetorp, Hugh de, 124 

Geva, " cotarius" at Ardleigb, 27 ; late tenant 
there. 25 ; the mother of Hugh, tenant there, 
27 ; the relict of Wiliiam Tjkehorn, tenant 
there, 2G 

Gilbert!, Procuria. cxxxiii ; bread aliowed for, 
168, 173 

Gilbert, Giiibert, late tenant at Barnes, 105; 
" operarius" at Walton, 50 ; tenantat Sutton, 
97, 98 ; " clericus nepos decani," late tenant 
at Heybridgc, 55 ; the daughter of, tenantat 
Sutton, 97 ; ihe son of Ailwin, tenant at 
Luffenhale, 20 ; the son of Alditha, tenant at 
Sutton, 97 ; the son of Algot, tenant at 
Sutton. 9C; the son of Aluric, tenant at 
Sutton, 93 ; the son of Baldeva, tenant at 
Navestock, 85 ; the son of Dercinan. juror 
of Drayton, 99: the son of Ed v. ard, juror of 
Sutton, 93 ; tenant there, 97 : tenant at 
Drayton, 100; the son of Edwin, tenant at 
Navestock, 7S, 79, 80; the son of Geoffrev, 



tenant at Barnes, IOC; the son of Nicholas, ' 
juror of Sutton, 93 ; tenant there, 94 : Gili- 
bert, " avus suus," late tenant there, 94 ; 
Gilhert, the son of Osbert. tenant at Luflren- 
hak, 19 ; the son of Otho, tenant at ^Vic■k- 
ham, 37 ; the son of Roger, " operariu?. " at 
Sutton, 98 ; the son of Salvi, the daughter of. 
tenant at Sutton, 93 ; the son of Thonaas, | 
tenant at Beauchamp, 28, 32 ; the son of 
William, tenant at Navestock, 76 
Gladewin, Gladewine, tenant at Beauchamp, ' 

. lie, 117; late tenant there, 30; the son of ' 
Wlwin, ^Vlv^•iniman, tenant there. 30, 31 , 

Gloucester, William, archdeacon of, " firma- ■ 
rius" at Drayton, 112 

Giov'n', the fee of, 81 

Godard, tenant at Ardleigh, 27; Walter de. 
tenant at Sandon, 14 

Godfrey, 124; tenant at Caddington, 6; late 
tenant at Heybridge, 63, 67 ; tenant at Sut- 
ton, 97 ; Robert, the son of, tenant there, 
97 ; the son of Alan, juror of Ardleigh, 21 : 
tenant there, 23 ; the son of Wabilia, the 
daughter of Agnes, tenant at Sutton. 95 ; the 
son of Norman, tenant at Norton, 74; the 
son of Pagan, juror of Tiilingham, 5S ; tenant 
there, 61 

Godhug', Godhuge, late tenant at Barling. G5 ; 
late tenant at Beauchamp, 30 ; Robert, tenant 
there, 30 

Goditha, late "hydarius" at Kirkeby, 44; the 
beir of, tenant at Runwell. 71 

Godiva, late tenant at Heybridge, 63 

GodmaD, the son of the daughter of, tenant at 
Sutton, 97; Hugh, tenant at Wickham, 35 

Godhc, late tenant at Navesiock, 77, 78; the 
son of Edric," hydarius" at Thorp, 41 

Godric's pigtel, land atNavestock so called, 78 

Godsaule, Roger, juror of Tiilingham, .^8 ; 
"operarius" there, 63 

Godswein, Roger, the licir of, 4 

Godulf, juror of Ardleigh, 21 ; tenant there, 24 

Godwin, tenant at Beauchamp, 115; late tenant 

there, 29 ; the daughter of, tenant at Thorp, 
40: "hydarius" there, 41; Alicia, " hida- 
rius" at Kirkeby and Horlock, 45 ; Richard, 
" nativub ■■ at Navestock, 82 ; the son of Wil- 
liam, tenant at Thorp, 3s; "hydarius" 
there, 42 
Goldhauek, iate tenarit at Sutton, 93 ; Adam, 

" nepos" of, tenar.t at Sutton, 97 
Golding, latt tenant at Chingford, 87, 69 
Golstan, tenant at Beauchamp, 115 
Gonnilda. the v.-ife of Ahvin, tenant iit Beau- 
champ. 1 1 7 
Gora, Reiner, the son of Baldwin de, tenant at 

Tiilingham, CI 
Gord, Roger del, tenant at Sutton, 95 
Goscelin, late tenant at Barnes, lOG 
Grai, Geof:rfy, tenant at Drayton, HH, 102 
Grapmel, John, tenant at Runwell, 70 
Grana, Covrjn de, juror of Caddington, 1 13 
Grava, explained, 1x5 i ; Gilibert de, tenant at 
Heybridge. 53, 56; Hubert de, tenant at 
Thorp, 36 ; " hydarius " there, 42 
Gravers, explained, csxiii 
Gregorli, " clericus sar.cti,'" beer allowed to, 174 
Gregory, 124; tenant at Kensworth, 12; the 
son of Nicholas, juror of Caddington, 1 ; 
tenant there, 2, 3. 6 
Grenestede, William de, juror of Beauchamp, 28 
Grom, Godfrey, " operarius " at Tiilingham, 62 ; 

the son of Algar, Godfrey, tenant there, CO 
GrosEUs, Lambert, juror of Beauchamp, 114: 

tenant there, 117 
Grudum, explained, cxxxi 
Gundraro, Ralph, 128 
Guinn, Geoffrey, tenant at Chingford, 92 
i Guldenbeued, Richard, " hydarius '" at Thorp, 42 
1 Gunnilda, late tenant at Tiilingham, 63 ; 
j (daughter of Ainilda) "operarius'" at Wal- 
j ton. 51 ; the wife of Alwin, late tenant at 
I Beauchamp. 31 ; the widow, tenant at Hey- 
I bridge, 57, 58 ; tenant at Walton, 49 ; the 
\ daughter of Geoffrey, " hidarius " at Kirkeby 
I and Horiock, 4C; the daughter of Roger, 



tenant at Caddineton, S ; the relict of Edgar, 
tenant at Sutton, [--7 ; tlic relict of Edward 
Blanch. " oj^crarius '" at ^Valton, 50; the 
relict of Robert, the f.on of Selid. tenant at 
Sutton, 97 ; the relict of Roger, tenant at 
Drc}Ton, 102 ; the relict of Sagrim, tenant at 
Sutton, 9S ; the relict of Thomas Potttrc, 
tenant at Thorp, 40 

Gunnora. late " hydarius" at Kirkeby, 43 

Guthild, " hidarius " at Kirkeby and Hor- 
iock, 46 

Gut, tenant at Caddington, 5 ; the son of Alex- 
ander, tenant at Kensworth. 13 

H". " ir.a^ister,' 135 

Habere uuaju garbam, &:c. meaiiing of tht 
piarase, Isxii 

Kacbe, Sitooii de la, tenant tt Chingford. h' : 
^^1i!lam de la, " praepositus," the son of Ail- 
■ward, tenant there, ^■7 

Haddam, caagister Philip de, "firmarius" at 
Sutton, 93; "operarius'' there, 96; "fir- 
marius" at Barnes, 103, 104, 106; Hage- 
niid, the daughter of tiie molendinarius, te- 
nant at Navestock, tO 

Haicia. explained, Ixxvii 

Hale, land at Beauchamp so called, lir. 

Hale, Egelina, Eggtlea de la, tenant at Hey- 
bridge, 54,57 

Haliday, late tenant at Luffenhale, 20 ; Alditha, 
the relict of William, tenant at Kensworth, 9 

Halk, land at Beauchamp so called, 30 

Halia, descrioed, xcv, xrvi 

Halsted, Peter de. 124 

Harcelin, "hydarius" at Thorp, 42; Alicia, 

" hidarius'" at Kirkeby and Horlock, 45 

HaHiO, 128 ; the nephew and heir of, tenant at 
Ardleiffh, 22; " ciericus," tenant of the 
church of Ardleigh, 147 

Harrjon, the daughter of, tenant at Heybridge. 
54 ; the son of Eudo, " hidarius "" at Kirkeby 
axid Horiock, 46 

Hanr.und, " nepos" of Henry, tenant at Thorp, 38 

Harens. Henry, tenant at Navestock. 77, 79 

Haspeheg, Hugh Wind le, tenant at Beauchamp, 

Hathe, Henry de, tenant at Sutton, 9? ; Lucas 
de ia, '• hydarius" at Kirkc.hy, 44 , Tliomas 
de Jii, " hydarius" at Kirkeby, 44; juror of 
Kirkeby and Horlock, 45 
Hauebid, laud at Beauchamp so called, 1 15 
Haulee, land at Navestock so called, 7S 
Havecho, " grava" dc, at Heybridge, 52 
Havedsot, its meaning, Ixxxii 
Haveringe, 80; "curia de,'" 85; William de, 

tenant at Norton, 73 
Hawesia, the relict of Hugh, Hugh de Atreham, 

tenant at Heybridge, 54, 55 
Hebregc, P. de, Peter dc, 5.'- ; late " firnjarius" 

at Heybridge, 53 
Hedeburg, John, tenant at Kensworth. 11 
Heilok, Henry Heilok, the son of William, te- 
nant at Wickham, 35 
Hell, Helie, Adam de la, " nativus" at Nave- 
stock, 83; Adam, gentilman de, juror of 
Navestock, 74 ; Adam, the son of Edwin dc, 
tenant at Navestock, 84 
Hella, Basilia, the relict of William de, tenant 

at Norton, 74 
Helum, William, de, tenant at Kensworth, 12 
Hely, William de, " firmarius," Ixii ; " firma- 
rius" of Caddington, 1,4; the treasurer, 2, 
3, 5 ; the treasurer and "firmarius," 6 ; the 
treasurer, " firmarius" at Kensworth, 7, 8 
Hemmgi, Alicia, tenant at Thorp, 40 
Henge, Headric, juror of Beauchamp, 114 
Henery, Henry, magister, 125, 126; canon of 
St. Paul's, 139 ; the Chancellor, (of London,) 
85, the son of Aiiwyn "sacerdos," 124 ; the 
son of Augustine, tenant at Kensworth, 10, 
1 1 ; the son of Peter, tenant at Caddmgton, 
6; the son of Ralph, tenant at Beauchamp, 
29 ; the son of Richard, tenant at Sandon, 
15, 16; tenant at Navestock, 77, 79; "na- 
tivus" there, 62 ; the son of Theodoric, te- 
nant at Kensworth, 8 
Henricus Rex, 15 



Henry the First, 112—114: 140— 14S ; the i 
rating of the manors in his reigrn, cii i 

Henn.' the Second, King of Englund. lOd 

Herbagium, explained, ci^i 

Herbert. Herbert, tenaiit at EiuUcl>aiT,n, !i.-;, I 
117; the son of Al'jric, tenant ft Kens- i 
worth, S 

Herde. Geofirey je, tenant at Wickham, 37 ; 
John, tenant at Wickham, 35 ; Ralph le, 
tenant at Wickham, 35 

Herebert, r. Herbert 

Heredilate, sine oinnimoda, explained, xcii, xciii 

Hereford, the archdeacon of, i47, land at Navestock so called, 7S 

lleremodeswrtiic, " curia" dc, rents a water- 
course at Drayton, 101 

Herevey, r. Hervey 

Hercvrard, v. Herward 

Hervey, Hervy, Herevey, late tenant at Beau- 
champ, 21* ; tenant there, 115; "junior," 
tenant at Drayton, 100; the son of Walter, 
tenant there, 102 ; the son of Godemar, Go- 
derman, tenant at Thorp, 40, 42 ; the son 
of Wluric, tenant there, 40 ; Walter, bread 
allowed to, 1 06 

Hcrward, Hereward, late tenant at Wickham, 
35; Alicia, " hydarius" at Kirkeby, 44 ; Gili- 
bert, land of, at Heybridge, 53 ; tenant and 
late tenant there, 53, 56, 57 ; Henry, tenant 
at TiUingham, CO, 01 ; " operarius" there, 
C3 ; the heirs of Richard, the son of, "hi- 1 
darii" at Kirkeby and Horiock, 45 ; Savar, j 
"hydarius"' at Kirkeby, 43; Thomas, juror i 
of Kensworlh, 7 ; Walter, juror of Runwell, i 
C9 ; tenant there, 70 ; the son of Eudo, I 
"hydarius" at Kirkeby, 43; tenant there, 
45; the son of Gunnora, " hydarius" there, 
43; tenant there, 45 j 

Heselep, Pagan de, tenant at Heybridge, 54 | 

Helha, land at Barnes so called, 103 | 

Hevbridgc, Essex (Hebrugge, Heybrigge, Hey- 
brugg. Tidwolditon, Tidwoidinton, Tudwol- I 
dintonl, Ixsxv ; the manor of, 52, 111. 142, 

152, ICO,* 1C5* ; "compotus" of, 154. 155, 
15C, 158, 150, 1C2; tlic church of, 14'J; 
Gilcbert >!anens, " firmarius" there, 111; 
wood of, at Chingford, 107 

Hida, Henic de, juror of Tiiorp, 38 

Hida: comp'Jtabiles sicut olim, Ixxsi 

Hidage, its nature, Ixiii ; valuations in, de- 
scribed, xii, XV ; compared with acreage, 
xiii, xiv 

Hidarii, XXV; deToph,lxxv; 41 

Hide, its extent not uniform, Ixii ; Ixiii 

Ilildemar, the son of Theodoric, tenant at Ard- 
leigh, 25 

Ho, Nichc.!t= dd de, tenant at Navestock, 85; 
the heir of Gunnora tlie widow, tenant 
there, 7G ; OJo de la, tenant at Tillingham, 
CO ; Walter del, " ojierarius" there, 63 

Hobi, Herevy, juror of Drayton, 99; tenant 
there, ICC, 102; Robert, juror there, 99 ; 
tenant there, 100, 102; claims land there, 101 

Hochendune, v. Occhend 

Hodierna, tenant at Sandon, 14 

Hog, Walter the son of John, tenant at Sutton, 

Hokesm'e, William de, tenant at Kenswonh, 
12 ; Walter de, tenant there, 12 

Hokesmere, Robert de, juror of Kensworth, 7 

Holdegrimm, John, juror of Kensworth, 7 ; 
tenant there. C, 10, 11 ; Robert, juror of 
Kensworth, 7; tenant there, 10, 11, 13 

Holemad, Holemede, land at Beauchamp so 
called, 29 ; land at Navestock so called, 78 ; 
land at Beauchamp so called, 115 

Holin, tiie pasture of, at Heybridge, 63 

Holin'e, Hugh de, tenant at Wickham, 35 

Hopa de Marisco, Ixxix ; 60 

Hoppa, Ixxi, 17 

Hore, Ralph le, tenant at Tillingham, GO; 
" operarius'' there, 62 ; Stephen le, juror of 
Navestock, 74 ; tenant there, 78 ; " nativus'' 
there, 83, 84 

Horiock, 45 : homines ex duobus Orlocis, xcvi 

Hospilali, J. de, 2C, 27 ; late tenant at Gadding- 



tCT., 5 ; John de, " piocurator" at Cadding- ! 
ten and Kensworth, 110, 111 ; Laurence dc, ' 
tenant £tKens\vorth, 10, 11 ■ 

Habbe, Alicia, tenant at ^Vickilan-l. ?<"< , 

HuKrt, 124, 125 I 

KugTiin, Hugh, tenant at Draxivn, lOi ; 102 
Kurh, 70, 125 ; " hidavius" at Kirkeby and 
Horlock, 45, 4G ; " ojjeraiius" at Walton. 
L'': ; tenant at Kensworth. P, 12; magister, ' 
5S ; " n-iagister," canon of St. Paul's, 1?P; 
the Archdeacon (of Loijdon' IS'i; tlic OLai: 
(of London) 139, " ncpos Decani," 125; the 
nephew of Gilbert, tenant at Kensv. orth, 10 ; 
tie son of Albert, l24. 125 ; the son of 
David, " nj-erarius" at V.'aiton. 50 ; tiie '^Jn 
cf Edv.-;rj, " liidarijs" at Kirkeby and Hor- 
lock, 45 ; the son of Erneburga, " hydarius" 
at Kirkeby, 44; tenant there, 45: the sen 
of Geva, tenant at Ardleigh. 27 ; the son of 
J^Ln, juror of Caddington, 1 ; tenant there. 
4.5; tenant at Ardleigli, 27 ; the ton of 
r.!cbarc, tenant at Drayton. 102; the son 
cf Robert, tenant at Caddington, 2. f., ; 
'•hydarius'' at Thorp, 41 ; the son. of Wil- 
liam, tenant at Kensv.ortii, 11; juror of 
Drayton, 99 
Hi:::afrey, the heirs of, tenants at Kensworth, 9 
Htuifrey, William, juror of Tillingham, 58 
H'..ii.tingdon, the archdeacon of, 147; Nicholas, 

archdeacon of, 22 
Hurel, John, tenant at Navestock, &0 
Huiband, de quolibet husebondo, cv, 144 
Ida, relict of Wlv.-ard, tenant at Eunwell, 70 
Imbiaditura, its meaning, l.KXiv 
Iitie, Thomas de, tenant at Beauchamp, 1 18 
Imr'.ementum, its meaning, xciii 
lu.'iementum, kc. manerii, its stock, i.w, 

Inknd and Forland, described, Ixxii, l.vsiv 
Inquisitio facta anno secundo, 5-;c. l.xsxiii ; facta 

infra viginti dies duos, explained, Isxxvii 
Inquisition on the manors of St. Paul's in 
llgl, described, ci. cii: on the churches of 

the manors, cxi, cxii ; the manor and the 
church to be kept sep^-ratc, cxii 
Inrotulatio. &.c. l.xxxv 
Inventories, of stock, furniture, kc, remarks 

on, xcvi, xcviii 
Ippcgravc, Adam dc, terjant at Sandun, 15 
Isabella, the sister of th.e Tc:::i;lar, tenant nt 
Wickham, 3C; the relict of Geoffrey, tenant 
at Kensworth, 9 ; the relict of Jolm, the son 
of Ranulf, tenant at Ardleigh, 24 
Ifti tenent terras operarias. son,e of tliese lands 

traced, Ixxxviii 
J. pater, 78 ; primus., S4 ; sccundus, 78, 84 
'Jacobus, tenant at Sandon, in 
James, the son of Sev.-gvl. ter.ant at Barnes, 

Jeremias, former holder of land at Wickliam, 14S 
Jean, the relict of Robert, teup.nt at Kens- 
worth, 11 
Johr., the King, his cliarter siiown. 107 ; John, 
" fir;r.arius "' at Barnes, 111; teiiant at Ard- 
leigh, 23, 25; " firrnarius '" at Nave'tock, 7£ ; 
" secundus firmarius ■■ there, 75, 78; tenant 
at Sandon, 15 ; tenant at Thorp, 3S ; tenant 
of the church there. 149; " operarius " at 
WiJton, 50 ; the daughter of, tenant at 
I Barnes, lOG; the son of Ailgar, tenant at 
Kensworth, 8 ; the son of Aihner, tenant at 
Wickham, 37 : tlic son of Andrew, tenant at 

; Kensworth, 11 ; tlie son of Baldwin, tenant 


i at feandon, 15; " ' there, 19; the 

' son of David, " hydarius" at Kirkeby, 43 ; 

[ the sen of Gilbert, tena!;t at Caddington, 4 ; 

' tenant at Kensworth, 8 ; t!ie son of Godfrey, 
tenant at Chingford, 8^ ; the son of Godwin, 
" hydarius " at Kirkeby, 44 : tlie son of Her- 
bert, tenant at Ardleigh, 24 ; the son cf 
Hugh, tenant at Navestock, 77; "nalivus" 
there, S3 ; ti.e son cf Lawrence, tenant at 
Kensv.-orth, 1 1 ; the son of Milo, tenant at 
Caddmgton, 4, C; the son of Nigeh juror of 

■ Drayton, 99 ; tenant there, 102 ; the son of 
Osbert, tenant at Luffcnhale, 20 ; the son of 

; 2 C 



Pagan, juror of Sutton, 93 ; tenant t'^ere, j 
90 \ the son of Robert, tenant Bt Barnes, 1 OG ; 
the son of S&fugel, tenant there, lO;'); the , 
son of \Vibern. tenant at Thorp, 3'J ; '' h.da- | 
rius " there, 41 ; the son ofAVi^tr, To. 77 : 
'tenant at Navestock, 60 ; tlie son of V."i.:tcr. i 
tenant at RunwfcU, 70, 71; the son of ^Vili;a^■.. 1 
tenant at Ardleigh, 24 ; tenant at Barnes, IC5: 1 
the son of Wlfin, tenant at Barnes, 105 j 

Jordan. " operarius " at Walton, 50; tenant at 1 
Hevbridge, 5G ; Ahcia, " o;)erar;us" atAVal- 
ton, 50; '' nepos " of William de Occhend', j 
126 ; the son of Aihvard, tenant at Nave- | 

Jugci, GeoSrey, late tenant at Tillingham, CO | 
.Tuliana, "hydarius" at Thorp, 42; " hida- | 
rius"' at Kirkeby and Hcrlock, 46; the | 
daughter of, tenant at Ardleigh, 25 ; the \vi- 
dov.-, tenant at Wickham, 37 ; the relict of 
Henrv, the son of Robert, tenant at Kens- 
w-orthj S ; the relict of Saful, tenant at 
Banjes, lOG 
Junguin, tenant at Hevbridge, 57 
Jury, the power of impanelling, Ixii 
Jussel, the relict of, " hydirius '" at Thorj), 41 
Justir.a, the niece of John the j'tiest, "hyda- 
rius "■ at Thorp, 41 
Juvenis, Stephen, tenant at Runv.-tll, 71 
Kadendon, Kadyndon, &:c. r. Caddington 
KarectariuE, v. Carettarius 
Kebbel, Alicia, the relict of Jordan, tenant at 

Walton, 4y 
Kehel, Osbert, tenant at Sandon, 17 
Kelesbell, John de, tenant at Sandon, 15 
Kemelin. its meaning, cxxxii, Wiiiianj, the son of Ediva, tenant at 

Navestock. 64 
Kendale, K^gh de, a canon of Saint Paul's, 

bread u.-t-d at installation of, 173 
Kensworih, Herts. (Keneswor.h. Keneswurda,, 
7. Ill, ;2>: its rent. Sec. xcv; the church of, 
147. 14i-, ICo; the '-hall"' and other parts 
of the n-.anor dtsciibed, 129; the manor of. 

140; with Caddington, " compotus " of, 1G3; 
ecclesia de, Ixx, 10, 147 
Kensworth, Kencsworth, Iknry de, juror of 
Caddington, 1 ; tenant there, 3 ; juror of 
Ktiisworth. 7; tenarit at Kensworth, f, 
10, 12 
Ket, Peter, juror of Pk-unwell, C9 
Kete, Alurul, tenant at Runwell, 71; Ralph. 

tenant at Runwell, 73 
Kiiburn, Middlesex, (Kek-burne,) the monks of, 

King, Kyng, Hugh, tenant at Thorp, 40 ; Ro- 
bert, tenant at Ardleigh, 26 ; William, tenant 
at Navcstoek, 85; " nativus" there. 81 : Wi!- 
i:,-ini, the son of Roger de Tia, tenant at 
Navestock, b4 
Kirkeby, Essex. (Kirkebi,) 43, 45; the church 

of, 111, 149; "compotus" of, 1 G4 
Koter, the daughter of William, " hydarius'' at 

Thorp, 42 
Koterel, Robert the son of Richard, tenant at 

Ardleigh, 24 
Kueneva, the daughter of Gilbert, tenant at 

Ardleigh, 24 
Lage erthe, aratura de^ 3 ; its nature, Ixvi 
Lagehundred, explained, Ixxxiii 
Lamb, de Lamb, Matilda the relict of Philip, 

tenant at Beauchamp, 30, 31 
Lambert, 124; late tenant at Beauchamp, 29; 
tenant there, 115 : the son of Alinarus, late 
tenant at Beauchamp, 32 ; the son of Ailmer, 
" operarius'" at Beauchamp, 117; the son of 
Sirich, tenant at Beauchamp, 115 
Lamburn, John de, tenant at Sutton, 95, 97 
Lampetlee, land at Chingford so called, 86 
Lane', ils meaTiing, cxxxii 
Lance, William, late tenarit at Beauchamp, 31 
Lancept, explained, xciv 
Landem", Wihlam de, 126 
Landim', site of a mill at, in Thorp, 38 
Landuner", Ralph de, the son of Richard, " hy- 
darius" at Thorp, 41 
Lane, John de la, juror of Barnes, 103 ; Osbert 



dc la, tenant ct Kcnsworth, 11, 12, 13; 
Robert de la, tenant Lt Kenswortli, 12 

Lanehele, ^vood of, at Beauchatr.p, 1 1 6 

Langable, described, Ixix 

Langele, a grove at Bcr.iichamp so called. C-? 

Langethot, Gaiter, \V;.lter de, tenant at Eeau- 
champ, 115, 117 

Langetotb, Robert de, tenant at Beaucb.ani]-, 
29, 31 

Latye, Sirnon de, tenant at \VicV;ham, 37 

Laurence, the son of Robert, tenant at Cad- 
dingtoH; 4 ; the son of Turstan, ten-nt at 
Kensworth, 10, 12; .Tohn de Saint, IP, 20< 
*' fir.Tiarius" of the manor of Sandon. 13, 14 ; 

Leases of manors belonging to St. Paul's, re- 
marks on, xc 

Lee, Augustine de Purtehal', the son c>f God- 
frey de la, tenant at Chingford, SS ; Augus- 
tine, " nepos" of, tenant there, 91 ; Robert 
de la, " operarius" at Sandon, 17 ; Williatn 
dcla.jurorof Sandon, 13 ; tenant there, If, 17 

Lcfchild, the son of Sprot, tenant at Hey- 
bridge, .S7 

LcfSlda, tenant at Sutton, 07 

Leffrich, Robert, tenant at Beauchamp, 121 

Lefward, the son of, " hydanus'' at Tiiorp, 41 ; 
Godman, "nepos" of, tenant at Sutton, 9G,t"7 

Lefwin, tenant at Beauchamp, 115 

Leg, Richard, tenant at Kensworth, 8 ; Roger, 
the son of Ailmer, " operr.rius" at Sandon, 1 ~ 

Legarda, the daughter of Sabarnus, tenant at 
Naves lock, 78 

Lendimare, Ralph ie, tenant at Thorp, 40 

Leufric, " textor," Robert, the son of, tenant 
at Beauchamp, 30 

Leveric, Maurice, 121 

Liberatio, explained, xlvii, scii 

Lichfield. (Lichfuid'; ^V. de, canon of London, 14 

Lidulf, the son of Bliciltv^cnna, " operarius" at 
^Vallon, 51 

Liecia, the daughter of Gilihcrt, tenant et 
Sutton, 95; the relict of ^Vlil;anl, junior, 
tenant at Sutton, 'j3 

i Liefric, tenant at Beauchamp, 31 
! Lievcva, the daugliter of Godwin, " operarius" 
j at Sutton, 98 

i Llnlee, Robert dc, tenant at Caddington. 6 
' Living!, Robert, tenant at Beauchamp, 2[) 
' Lodiond, Ixxvii ; land at Walton so called, 4'J 
! Loeringus, Peter, tenant at Caddington, 4 
I London, (London, Lond') 17, 18,39, 64, C7,72, 
j 90, 94, 103 ; R Bishop of, 1 -jI ; Nicholas,Arch- 
deacon of, Ixxxvii, 25 ; '■ f.rn-.arius" at Ard- 
kigh, 27 ; "firmarius" at Sutton, 112; V\'. 
Archdeacon of, 14 : the Archdeacon of, resi- 
dent at St. Pp-uPs in the year 12S3, 1G7 ; A. 
Alard, the Dean of, IC, 32; Robert, the 
Doan of, IC : Mcnry, the Chanccllcr of, 14; 
the Chapter of St. Paul's, 2?, 112; Alex- 
ander, the Treasurer of, 14 ; G. the Dean, 
I and the Chapter of. demise land at Sandon, 
14 ; ^Yilliam the Dean, and the Convent of 
I St. Paul's, 124; '= essartum Sancti Pauli"'' at 
1 Navestock, 79; Magister Hugh de, 23, 149; 
! Jordan de, tenant at Caddington, 5 ; Robert, 
! the " serviens" of Nicholas the Archdeacon 
of, 27 ; patrinmny of St. Paul in the church 

of, 146 

i Long, Richard, son of V\ alter, tenant at Cad- 
1 dincton, 3 

' Longus, Ralph, tenant at Kensworth, 9 ; Ro- 
I bert, the son of Simon, tenant at Barling, C7 ; 
Pioger, tenant at Caddington, C ; William, 
tenant at Caddington, 4, C 
I Lotrix, Pv.oesia, tenant at Tiliingham, CO 
i Love], Fulk, tenant at Chingford, 107 
Luca, magister John de, "firmarius" at Ching- 
ford, 107 
Lucas, tenant at Lulfenhaie, 20; the son of 
John, tenant at Sandon, 15. IG; the son of 
the parson, tenant at Ardleigh. 2G 
Luci, G. de, Dean cf London, 14 
Lucia, the widow, tenant at BeauchaLi-p, liO 
Lucy, the daughter of Edwina, " Isydarius" at 
Kirkeby, 43 ; the daughter of Geoffiey, te- 
nant at Caddington, 2 




Luffenli&le, Herts, (Liiffehalle, LufTcnbalc, Lu- 
vehale,} 13, 14, 141 ; the manor f'f, 19 ; John 
de, juror of Sandon, 13 

Luffenheda, the manor of, 1^2 

Luke, "magister" J. de, resident t.t St. Pr.ul's 
in the year 12S3, ICT 

Lundonia, Generamn\is do, ]"2& 

Mabilia. the relict of Richard Rufii-^, tenant at 
Beauchamp, 29 ; the relict of Walter Faber. 
tenant at Thorp, 38 ; " hydarius" there, 42 

Macbtilda, tenant at Walton, 4r'; the daughter 
of Ainilda, " operarius" at Walton. 51 

Mag. Henry. 124 

Mai. Richard, tenant at NavestocV;, s4 

Mairenum, its meaning, l.xxvi 

Maiden', Maldona, Hugh de, juror of Beau- 
champ, 114; tenant there, IIC 

Malemeyns, John, 1C2 

Mallardus, Ixxiv 

Malt-silver, payment of, in lieu of making malt. 
3. Ixvii 

Mamimola, its meaning, xci 

Man, Wlwin, tenant at Beaucham-, 117 

Manens, Gilebert, " firmarius " at Titwolditon, 

Mangant, William, tenant at DrEj-ton, 100 

Manors, their rights, kc. sxxii — rsxiv; officers 
therein, xsxiv— x.\sviii ; '•firms" thereof, 
xxxviii — .\li,x]vi,>:lvii; accumulation of hold- 
ings in, Iv; payments for sen-ices in, and 
jirogress of commutations for them, Ivi — lix ; 
of St. Paul's, account of visitation of, circa 
1290, cxxi 

Mansium est in dominio, &.c. meaning of the 
phrase, Ixxi 

Mantel, Mantell, Robert, 141 ; sheriff of Essex 
and Herts, Ixxxvi, 110 

Mara, Ixxi, 14 

Mareni, Maregni, Marigni, John de, Ixxxvii, 7^ ; 
" firmarius " at Navestock, 1 1 1 

Marci, Ralph de, 133 ; his services, Jcc. as tenant 
not rendered, xci.'c, c; the lieir and daughter 
of. tenant at Navertock, 7o 

Margaret the vido"', "operarius" at Sandon, 
1 5 ; the relict of Wiiliami Fabcr, tenant at 
Ardieigh. 22 

Margareta, Williarr. de Sancta, cxxxii ; bread 
allo^-ed for cha; .\:n pcrfor.Tjing service for 
l;is soul, ICS 

Mr.ria, John dc Sa'c'a, resident at Saint Paul's 
in the year 12SC', \C~ ; William de Sancta, 
dean of Saint Paul's, 170* 

Marini. " m.agister '' Hugh dc, 144 

Mariot, Geoffrey, juror of Ardieigh, 21 ; tenant 
there, 23, 2r, 

Mariota, tenant at .-.rdleigh, 23 

Marisco, Edmund de, juror of Heybridge, 52; 
Lefchi!c de, jur:r of Hcy'.ridge, 52; tenant 
there, '4 ; Tiiom^s de. " hidarius " at Kirkeby 
and Horiock, 45 

Marketcell, Herts, t!ie nuns of, " Moniales dc 
BoscO;" Ixvi. 3 

Marriage of serfs' daughters. '• Quantum dabit 
pro sua filia maritanda," eiplair.ed, cxxv 

Jwcrtin, tenant at Wickham, 37 ; the son of 
Baldevrin, tenant at Sandon, ] ^' ; the son of 
Willian".. juror of Caddington, 1 ; tenant there, 
2, G ; Teoldus, asion of Sairit, 124 

Martino, John de comino, "f.rmarius " at Nor- 
ton, 73, 74 

Marj- the widow, tenant at Chingford, 92 ; the 
relict cf Walter, " firmarius" at Cliingford, 
90, 91 

Mason ('Tacun), Godfrey, tenant at Cadding- 
ton, 3 

Matilda, Matildis, iate tenant at Sandon, IC; 
late tenant at Tiilingham, C3 ; the daughter 
of Ailliva, tenant at LufTenhale, 20 ; of Asketil, 
" operarius " at Sandon, 17 ; of Gerard, tenant 
at Wici-ham, 3C : of Philip, tenant at Kens- 
v.-orth, 11 ; of Ragenilda, tenant at Barnes, 
1 04; the relict cf Alexander, tenant at Barnes, 
10'". ; c:' Philip, tenant at Kensworth, 10; of 
Pl;i!ip L:.mb, de Lamb, tenant at Beauchamp, 
30, 31 ; of Rich^rd, tenant at Drayton, 101, 
10_' : c: Warin. tenant at Sandon, 16 



Matlliew, the son cf Ainn, tenant at Bavlirig. 
65; the son of Richard, tenant rit Kcns- 
^^■orth, 8 

I^iaurice, tenant at H£y:;ridge, :'S ; juror of 
Kens\vorth, 7; tenant there, 13; tenant at 
AVickham, o7 ; the sor, of Baldewin, tenant at 
Luffenhale, 20 ; these:, of Reginald, tenant at 
Kensworth, 1 1 

Mayne. William, tenant at Chingford. 107 

Mcandon, Jolm dc, tenant at Beauchamp, 30 

Measures, r. AVeights and Measures 

Mtleford, Melford, ^Viliiam de, note on, cxxvi ; 
"firmarius" at Tillinghara. IGO' 

Merc', Kigel, 124 

Mercator, tenant at\Yickham, :-•! ; John, •'• ake;- 
rnannus " at AValton, ."'i ; Thomas, late tenant 
at Tillinghnm, 63 ; Adam, the son of Robert, 
tenant at Drayton, 100; Robert, the son of 
Roger, the son of, tenant ac Ardleigh, 25 

Mescinga, Ixxvi 

Meylonum, its meaning, c 

Michael, the son of Adam, tenant at Ardleigh, 
22, 27 ; the son of Geoffrey, tenant at Kens- 
worth, S 

Middlesex, the archdeacon of, rcfident at Saint 
Paul's in the year 125o, 167 

Middleton, John de. note on, cxxvi ; late " fir- 
marius " at Tiliingham, I'^O'*' 

Mill of St. raul's, " Et de x\iiij quari;. dc n;ul- 
tura molendini." explained, cxxx 

I^lilo, the son of John, "hidarius" at Kiikeby 
and Horlock, 4". 

Minare, Ixxii 

Mina avenje, its meaning, Ixxxii 

Minorcs liberationes, explained, cxxxiii 

Molarum ct equorum, renovatio, cxxxiii 

Mulendinarius, Roger, tenant at Drayton, 102 ; 
Walter, tenant at Drayton, 100: Adam, the 
son of the, tenant atCningford, 107 ; Godfrey 
the son of Ricliard. tenant at Navestock, 85 ; 
Richard, the son of Wiliiam, tenant at Beau- 
champ, 32 

Mollond, described, Ixxi -■, ixxv 

i Monastcrio, Gilibert dc, juror of Chingford, --j 
I Mora, Gilibert de, "nativus" at Navestock, S2 ; 
Ranulf de, tenant at Drayton, 100, 101 , K2 ; 
Walter de, tenant at Ardleigh, 22 ; juror of 
Heybridge, ■)2 ; tenant there, 54 ; tenant at 
Sandon, 15 ; Vrilliam de, tenant there, 15 
rvJorc, :\Iati1dn, the daugliter of Hugh de la, 
tenant at Ardleigh, 25 ; Vs'alter de la, de, 
tenant at Ardleigh, 25, 20 
Morel. Richard, tenant at Beauchamp, 31 
Mot, William, tenant at Beauchamp, 121 
Mouner, Richard Ic, tenant at Chingford, 107 
Mullo feni, Ixxviii, 5G 
Muriel, Dionisia, the daughter of, tenant at 

Lufrcnhalc, 19 
Na.vestock, Essex (Xa'^tok, Nastoca. ^■a'Cstoca), 
111, 132, 133, 165'; " defensum de," 7S ; 
thcm.anor of, 74, 144 ; " compotus " of, 154, 
155, 15G, 157, 15S, 159, 162 ; the church of, 
150; " firmarii ■' de, SI ; John de Barnes 
" firmarius " there, 74 ; John de Maregni 
" lirmarivis " there, 111; Richard de, tenant 
at Barnes, 106 
Nastoc Aldwini, tlic rnar.or of, 152 
>'atis, its meaning, cxxxii 
Nativitas Beatie Maria.', Ixxii 
Navem et stagnum ad, explained, Ixxvii, Ixxvjii 
>'echebur, Ralph, "operarius" at Sandon, IS 
Neiherstrete, William de, late tenant at Wick- 
ham, 35 
N.cholas, 124; the arciideacon, 23, 13^; the 
canon, 22 ; " magistcr," canon of St. Paul's. 
139; " canonicus diaconus," 125; "domi- 
nium magistri" at Willesdon, 152 ; the son of 
Nicholas, 126; the son of Patrik, tenant at 
Caddington, 4 ; the son of Richard, tenant 
at Sandorj, 14 
Nig', Richard, juror ot Beauchamj), 114 
Niger, William, tenant at Ardleigh, 26 
Norehale, William dc. " firmarius" at Drayton, 

N-rensis, John, tenant at Caddington, 7 
Nores', Robert, late tenant at Chingford, SS 



Ncrhair, William de, canon of St. Paurs, 139 
Xorhamtona, magistcr Henry dc, assists Pv.aiph 

d£ Diceto in his Donricsday, 109 
Norlei, tenant at Beauchamp, 1 14 
Northale, land at Beauchan:p so called, 28 
Nortle, Richard de, tenant at Caddington, 3 
Norton, Essex, 111, 150, iCf)*: the manor of, 
73, 143, 152 ; " compotus" of, Io4, 157, 164 : 
receipts from defaulter at, 16C ; John de do- 
mino Martino, " firmarius '" there. 73 ; Odo 
de Dammartin, " firmarius " there, 1 1 1 
XovUla, Hush dc, tenant at Heybridge, 53 
>"ovu5 hon-,0, Adam, juror of Bur;v,-ell. C9 : 
tenant there, 71 ; Ail ward, late tenant 
at Chingford, 8« ; Hugh, teijar.t at Kens- 
v:c,nh, 10, 11, 12; Richard, " operarius " at 
Sa:;don, 17; late tenant at Ardleigh, 22: 
late tenant at Chingford, 6? ; Robert, juror 
of Sandon, 13 ; William, " operarius " there, 
17; tenant at Lufienhale, 20; tenant at 
Heybridge, 54, 57 
NuerS; Roger the son of Ralph de, " cotarius " 

at Sandon, 19 
Nummatum terrEE, meaning of the phrase. Isx 
Occhend, Occhendona, Hochendune, Vrilliam 
de, takes Aduifesnasa to farm, 125, 12G; te- 
nant thereof, 129; his death noticed, 129 ; 
V.'illianri his son, 126, civ, 142 ; Jordan, "ne- 
pos" of 126 
Odo, 124, 125; late tenant at Ardleigh. 27; 
"firmarius" at Luffenhale, 14i ; assisor of 
land there, £0 ; the soji of Wiiliam, tenant at 
Ardleigh, 22; the son of Wlward, "opera- 
rius" at TiUingham, 63; the son of Wiward 
the son of Godiva, tenant there, 59 
Oger, the son of Stephen, " hydarius " at 
Kirkeby, 44 ; the son of Wiber, " hydarius " 
there, 43 ; juror of Kirkeby and Horloc'rc, 45 
Olave, late tenant at Walton, 49 
Or.gar ,'Angr"), the hundred of, 73, 74 ; the 
to'.vn, 75 ; (Great Ongarj the church of, 150 
Openton, Walter, 68 
Opinton, Walter de, tenant at Barling. 67 

j Opera, or " day-works," described, xcviii 
. Operationem, Potcrit dominus poncrc ad, ex- 
I plained, ciii 

; Ordgar, late tenant at HtvbridL-e, 53 ; the son 
I of Gilibert, tenant at Chingford, 87 
j Ordmar, tenant at Norton, 73 
j Ornaments of country churches, the visitation 
I of 1181 deficient, cxix 

I Orologiarius, Bartholomew, txixiv ; bread and 
! beer allowed to, 173, 174 
Orreum, described, xci ; " jilenuni de man- 

corno,"' kc. xci 
Osbert, 2.'i ; " operarius " at Sandon, 17 ; juror 
of Norton, 73 ; tenant there, 73 ; the son of 
Ailleda, tenant at Sandon, 15; the son of 
Alviet. juror of Sandon, 13; the '• nepos " of 
Godwin, tenant at Navestock, 84 ; the son of 
Muriel, tenant at Luffenhale. 20 ; the son of 
Richard, " nativus " at Navestock, !r3 ; the 
son of Waidwin, "nativus"' at Navestock, 82 ; 
the son of Waiter, tenant at Ardleigh, 25 
Osgod, Osegod, tlje " nepos " of Lefwin, tenant 
at Drayton. 99, 100; Walter, late tenant at 
Drayton, 100 
Osward, tenant at Runwell, 71 ; " operarius" 

at Runwell, 72 
Ote, Theodore, the son of Robert, tenant at 
Tiliingham, CI; Theodoric, "operarius" at 
TiUingham, 63 
Otuel, " operarius" at Walton, 51 
Otuelis, juror of Walton, 48 
Pache, Ralph, "operarius" at Tiliingham, 63 
Pagan, tenant at Heybridge, 56 
Pannagium, described, Ixix 
Paimerius, Adam, tenant at Sandon, 15 
Palmerius (Palmarius, Palmer, Paumer% Gili- 
bert, juror of Navestock, 74 ; " nativus " 
there, 83, 84 ; tenant there, 77, 79 ; the son 
of Theodoric, tenant at Navestock, 78 ; Ha- 
nicliii, juror (.f Ti.orp, 38: Robert, tinant ai 
Drayton. 102; Robert, the son of Hersent, 
tenant there, 100 
Panis nigra, explained, cxxxiii 



Par'icpot, Geoffrey, tlif son of William, " cota- | 
rius" at Sandon, 19 j 

Parmentarius, Adam, tenant at Tillingbam, GO ; j 

GeofiVey, the son of Ralph, tenar.t at ^Vic■k- j 

ham, 3C ; John, tenant at Kensworth, 12; ; 

tenant at Heybridge, 6b; Ralph, Geoffrey , 

the son of, tenant at Y\'ickham, 3G ; William | 

son of William, tenant atBarlin?, C5 

Parsonage? of manors included in the lease, ! 

xliv — xlvi 
Par\'a pertica, its mcaiiing, Ixxxii 
Pan-US, Gllibert, late tenant at CLingfoid, ^6, 

['I ; Ralph, late tenant at Navestock, SO ! 

Psssavant, John, juror of Tiliingham, c8;'! 
"operarius" there, C3; Richard, tenant there, ! 
Cu ; Serio, " cperai'ius " there, 03; WPliam, \ 
juror of Tiliingham, 58 ; " operarius " there, i 
C3 I 

Passus equorum, explained, cxxxii | 

Pastura forinseca. exj'lained, cxxiii I 

Pasturel, Ralph, juror of Drayton, 99 ; tenant 
there, 101, 102; Edmund, tenant there, 101 
Patrik, Nicholas, tenant at Caddingrton, C | 

Pavey, W&lter, G7 i 

Peiiparius, Pelliparius, Alan, tenant at Beau- 
champ, 115; John, tenant at Beaucharap, 
29, 119 
PentecoEtes, juror of Barnes, 103; the son of 

Gilibert, tenant at Barnes, lOG 
Pentelavre, Adelicia de, tenant at Beauchamp, 

119; Richard, " sacerdos" de, 124 
Per sexcifcs viginti, Ixsi, 13 
Peregrinus, Eudo, juror of Walton, 48 ; tenant 

there, 49 ; " operarius"' there, 50 
Perer, Richard d',1, tenant at Tiliingham, GO, Gl ; 
Vrjiliam del. late " hidarius'" at Kirkeby and 
Horlock, 45 
Persona, Robert, land held by him traced, 
Ixxxvii, Ixxxviii ; tenant at Beaucharr.p, 1 14, 
Pesuagium, explained, cxxiii 
Peter, " firmarius'" at Keybridge, 54 ; the trea- 
surer (of London,) " firmarius"' at Cliing- 

fcrd, S5, 67, 9'', 91, 92; the son of Hcrc- 
ward. tenant tt V.'icklia:n, 34 ; th.e son of 
Richard, tenant at Kensworth, 9 ; the sen of 
Simon, tenant at Runweli, 71 ; John, " na- 
tivus" at Nave?tock, t-1 

Peter P<.nce, " Quis colligat denarium Sancti 
Petri," cxvi — cxviii. cxxxvii 

Pevrel; Gervase. and Jordan hi? brotljcr, j'lt-dges 
as to f;:rm of Kensworth, 128, 129 

Philip, tenant at Beauchamp, 30 ; the son of 
John, 104 

Plcot, Agnes, jxxxv ; tenant at Chingford, 107 ; 
A„hvyn, juror of Chingford, S5 ; tenant 
there, 88, &9. 90; Robert, tenant at Run- 
wcll, 70; Wiliiam. tenant at Chingford, '.'2 ; 
the son of Frebern, " liidarius" at Kirkeby 
and Horlock. 47 

Pictor, Henry, tenant at Beauchamp, 30, 118 

Pikev.-ell, William de, 174 

Pineter, John k, tenant at Chingford, 107 

Pinik, Ralph, tenant at Navestock. 79, b4 

Pinke, Bealrice, the relict of Sagrim, tenant at 
SLitton, 95 

Pipere ad wasttll, explained, cxxxii 

Piscator, Alicia, the relict of Henry, " opera- 
rius" at Sutton, 9? ; Henry, tenant at Hey- 
bridge, 54; James, juror of Barnes, 103; 
tenant there, 106; Nicholas, juror there, 103; 
tenant there, lOG; Ranulf, tenant at Dray- 
ton, 102 

Pistor, Edward, tenant at Heybridge, 64, 57 

Pitanciae, explained, cxxxii 

Pitewineshale, land at Beauchamp so called, 1 1 G; 
Richard de, tenant at Bea'jchamp. 30 ; Wil- 
iiami de, tenant at Beauchamp, 120 

Pi\ er, Robert, tenant at Beauchamp, 32 

Plesseto. Adam de, tenant at Tiliingham, GO; 
' serviens" of the Chapter 'of London) there, 

Plumbarius, Geoffrey, late tenant at Ardkigli. 25 

Plumbi, quarta pars, explained, Ixxxiii 

Poer, William, tenant at Dravton, ICI, 102; 
Walter, tenant there. 102 



Poi, Osbert, '• iiepos'' of Gllibert, lenant at 

Navestock. to 
Pond', Sv.elno de la, the sor. of Godv in, " na- 

tivui" at Navestoci:, S I 
Poiide, V-'Llis-m dc la. juror of Bcriing, G4 
Ponte, Richard dc, ter.ani at Arckigh, 25, 27 
Porcarius, Gilii-ert, tie sen of Edv,-ir^, lenant at 

Navestock, ^5 
Porcos in pessona, Izsii 
Portaudas u2" danninc^m, explained, lx.\ix 
Portare xxv sun-.tnas. isii. 17 
Post pacem redditaix.; ixsi, 14 
Posuit ad denarium, its inea.n:ng. Ixxvii 
Poterit dor.-.inus poi^ire ad cperationeni, ex- 
plained. cU: 
Fottaiiu;, Pottere, Alexander, late tenant at 
Kavestock. 76 ; Bernard, ter.ant there. bO : 
John, juror of ChLiirford, ^5 : tenant there. 
88, 59, C'O 
Potter, the relict of. v.-lth Fvobert Faber, te- 
nants at Ciiingforc. 91 
Pr£ebend2. explained, Ixiv, cxxxiv 
Prjebenda equorum, explained, cxxxi 
Prcedial services, their decay, Iv : their cessa- 
tion, liX 
Prseposito h'jndredi. v. sol.ciii, 141 
Praepositu?: Geoffrey, late tenant at Luffenhale, 
20; Henr., tenar;: at Kensworth, 9 ; John. 
juror of Sandon, 13; La\\Tence, juror of 
Kensworth, 7 ; Osbert, juror of Caddinglon, 
113; Rilph, tenant at Caddinrton, 115; 
Randulph, late tenaxit at Beauchamp, 2ft ; 
Re=nna]d, late tenazt at Caddinrton, 5 ; juror 
there, 113; Robert, juror of Barnes, 103; 
Walter. '• cotarius " at Sandon, 19; tenant 
there, 14 
PraposituE, nature of ofr.ce.. kc. Ixvii ; hun- 
dred:, bU'ixi, 73 
Prat,, late ten^t at V,'a!ton. 50 
Prebends, xclv, scv 

Precariffi, cays so called, their nature, &;c. Ixvii, 
Ixviii ; '• quse dicltur ben," ixsiil ; "sicca;'' 
explained, cxxiv 

Presbiter, Augustine. Justiiia the daughter of, 
tenant at Thorp, 40 ; Edith, tlie relict of 
Raljfh, tenant at Navestock, 75 ; Elias, 124 ; 
Gilbert, Gilibert, tenant at Ardlcigh, 2C ; 
late tenant at Navestock, I'J ; Hachzo, 124 ; 
Henry, the son of the, tenant at Navestock, 
78, 84 ; John, late tenant at Thorp, 40; John, 
the son of Augustine, " hydarius" at Kirkeby, 
44; Richard, J24; Robert, late " hydariui " 
at Kirkeby and Horlock, 4G; Thomas, tenant 
at Walton, 4'j ; tenant at Runwell, 70 
Prewineshal", PJchard dc, juror of Beauchamp, 

28 ; tenant there, 28 
Priests' children, not disowned, xc 
Propositus, Reginald, late tenant at Cadding- 

ton, 7 
Proprio custamento suo ct ])ericulo. explained, 

Pulayn, Baldwin, juror of Caddington, 1; tenant 

there, i, 3 
Pulcin, Robert, 2 
Purprestura, described, Ixx 
Purlec, W. dc, canon of London, 14 
Purte, Godrich; tenant at Tillinghara, CO 
Purtehal, Augustine de, the son of Godfrey de 
la Lee, tenant at Cliingford, 88 ; Godfrey de, 
late tenant there, 89 
Pulleshangr', \Villiam de, tenant at Sutton, 03 
Putlewrth, land at Barnes so called, 103 
Quarta pars plumbi, explained, Issxiii 
Quieta dc canibus ex))editandis, explained, 

Quieta sunt prseter, &;c. explained, civ 
Quintilian, the Archdeacon, 128 
Quorum tamen numerum recepit, explained, 
1 l.vxxiv 

' Qwik, John, " nativus" at Navestock, 61 
' R. Bishop of London, 127 
■ R. the Dean (of London,) "firmarius" at Til- 
• lingham; 00 

I R. servant of the Treasurer at Kensworth, 12 
I Ralph, the Dean (of London,) 98, 12C ; tenant 
j at Beauchamp, llG; late tenant at Ardleigh, 



24 ; laic tenant at ^Vickham, 3-" ; parsc^n at 
Pi.un\vell, K'O; " magislir latorr.u?," IST' : 
"magistcr," 139; tlie relict of, tenant at 
Bcauchamp, 29 ; the son of Ailinarus, tenant 
there, 32 ; the son of Ailward, tenant at 
Isavestork, 7f': 80; the wife and daughter of, 
18 ; the son of Aimund, " hydarius " at 
Thorp, 41 ; the son of Alexander, tenant at 
Caddingtcn, 4, 5 ; tenant at Kensvorth, 8 ; 
the son of Algod, 124 ; forncer holder of 
Beauchan-.p, 129 ; tlie ffm of Alured, tenant 
at Caddington. 5 ; the son of Beatrix, Beatrice, 
tenant at Runvcll, 71, 72, 7?; the ton of 
Edelina, juror of Cadcingtoi:, 1 ; tenant 
there, 2, b ; the ^on of Fulk, tenant at Tiiorp, 
3'.'; "hydarius" there, 41, the son of 
Lefleda, " hvdarius " at Kirkeby and llorlock, 
4G ; (the son of) Matthew, late tenant at 
Chingford, &9 ; the son of Peter, tenant at 
^Vickham, 36 ; the son of the Presbiter, 
tenant at Drajton, 101, 102; the son of 
Richard, " hydarius " at Thorp. 42 ; the son 
Richard, the son of Scric, tenant at Cadding- 
ton, 4 ; the son of Sabarnus, tenant at Nave- 
stock, 79; the son of Stephen, juror of Thorp. 
38; tenant at Thorp, 34, 40, 41, 42; the son 
of "NVihard, " operarius " at Runwell, 72 ; the 
son of "^'illiam, holds land at Ardleigh, 21 
Ram, Adam, the son of Ailward, tenant at 

Chingford, 91, 92 
Randolph, Randulf, Ranulf, 124, 125 ; " magis- 
ter," 54 ; '' prapositus," his holding traced, 
Ixxxviii ; " operarius " at AValton, oO ; te- 
nant there, 49 ; " operarius" £.t Beauchanip, 
117 ; a tenant at Caddington, lately hung, 3; 
the son of Aldred, " operarius " at V\'aiton, 
51 ; the son of Ailwin, " sacerdos," 124; the 
son of Ranulf, tenant at Drayton, 100 
Rat, Serlo Ic, tenant at Chingford, 88 
Raven, William, late tenant at Tiiiingham, t'3 
Reddet in dicanniversavii ejus, its meaniiig. >-cii 
Reddunt istas duse hid^e, i>:c. Ixxix. 
Regardum, its meaning, Ixxxii 

Reg'.nal'.l, (i8 ; tenant at Sar.don, Ifi ; " miles," 
ttr.ant there, 14; " iirxjiositus,"" Ixxxvii ; 
the son of, juror of Sandon, 13 ; the 
son of Ordgar, tenant at Caddington 4 ; the 
s:n cf Pagan, "ojicraiius" at TiUingham, 
C3 ; tenant there, CI ; the soii of William, 
tenant at Wickham, 37 
RegnT, the daughter of, tenant at Saiulon, 16 
Rcinger, tlie Archdeacon (of London), 128, Rcigncr, late tenant of Twiford, 127, 
128 ; th.e son fif Baldwin, juror of TiUingham, 
.:^ ; the son of Tevi. juror of Ciiini;ford, 8C ; 
■ tenant there, 87 

Rei:un;, Ralph, tenant at Kens^vL-ith, 11'd, 124 

Rer.ts, substituted for " lirma.-," liv. h 
Respectus, its meaning, Ixxxii 
Retendon, Thomas de, tenant at Ruriwell, 70 
Rex, Ed\.-ard, juror of Tillingham, 58; "ope- 
rarius" there, 63 
Pucbard. the Archdeacon (of London) 65, 70, 
71, 150; takes Runwell to farm, 125; takes 
Barling to farm, 12G ; agrees to take Adulfs- 
i.asa and Beauchamp to farm, 129, 130; 
holds churches of Adulfsnasa, 132 ■ " firma- 
rius" at Tillingham, 61 ; " firmarius" at 
Sandon, 14, 148; " firmarius" at Thorp, 40, 
149 ; " hydarius" at Kirkeby, Kirkeby and 
Horlock, 44, 45 ; " hydarius" at Thorp, 41, 
42 ; the heir of, " hydarius" there, 42 ; late 
tenant at Norton, 73 ; the canon, tenant at 
Eeauci.amp, 31 ; " magister" holds the tithes 
at Runwell, 150; "magister," canon of St. 
Paul's, 139 ; "junior," CG ; the brother of 
Vv" alter, 126 ; the daughtei of, tenant at Sut- 
ton, 96; " nepos" of Wrtheva, the widow, 
tenant at Barling, 65, "operarius" there, 
ff ; the son of Adam, juror of Navestock, 
74; tenant there, 76, 77, 78, 80; the son 
cf Aiimar, " hydarius" at Thorp, 42 ; tenant 
there; 40 ; the son of Ailric, Ailrich, tenant 
at Caddington, 2, 6 ; the son of Aiueua, the 
relict of, "hydarius" at Thorp, 41 ; the son 



of Alured, " operarius'' at Sardon, 17 ; the 
son of Alvitha, the heirs of, '■ hidara'' in 
reversion at Kirkeby and Horiock, 45 : the 
son cT Edward, at Drayton, J 02: 
the son of Ed^in, tenar.t at Navestock, 7C ; 
the sen of Geoffrey, tenarit at Kenswonh, 8 : 
the son of Godwin, te:;arjt at Ti^orp, 4 0; te- 
nant at Caddington, 2 ; the son of Golda, 
tenant at Drayton, ICl ; the son of Herbert, 
juror of Bea'jchamp, 2^ ; tenant theit, 21', 
31 ; the son of Hugh, ter^ant at Ardleigh, 25 ; 
the son of John, tenar.t at Caddington, 5 ; 
tenant at Kensworth, P ; the sen of Lieuena, 
" hydarius" at Thorp. 41 -, the son of Mach- 
ti!d, tenant at Caddinrton, G; the son of 
magister H.' ISo ; the s-on of Robert, tenant 
at Beauchanr.p, 32 ; tenant at Navestock, 76. 
80; " hidarius" at Kirkeby and Horiock, 
45 ; the son of Roger, tenant at Beauchamp, 
28, 30 ; the son of Sabamus, Sabernus, te- 
nant at Navestock. 77, 78, 80, 85 ; the son 
of Sawin, "hydarius" at Kirkeby, 44; the 
son of Sconus, " hydarius" at Kirkeby and 
Horiock, 46 ; the son cf Stephen, tenant at 
Runwell, 70; the son cf Turstan, tenant at 
Ardleigh, 27 ; the son of Vt'ifast, " operarius" 
at Sandon, 17 ; the son of William, tenant at 
Sandon, 16 ; tenant at Heybridge, 55 ; juror 
of Tillinghann, 58 ; tenant there, 60, 61 ; 
the son of Wlrud, the daughter of, tenant at 
Sutton, 96 
Richer, tenant at Beaucharr.p, 1 17 
Richold, " operarius" at V^'ajton, 50 
Ridel, Reginald, tenant at Tillingham, 61 ; Tho- 
mas, tenant at Thorp, 2C- 
RifRei et %-irgis, Ixxii, 21 
Rikelot, tenant at Wickhaici, 3" 
Rimer and the daughter of Sprorjs, " operarii"" 

at Tillingham, 03 
Ringulf, late tenant at Navestock, 76 
Risset, land at Chingfcrd so CcJled, 66 
Rodbert, " clerici" at Caddington, 147 
Robert the Dean, (of iLondon) 44, 65, 92, 101 ; 

"firmarius"' at Tillingham, 59; avid other 
officers of the Ciiapter, identified, Ixssiii 
Robert, 125; Ir.te tenant at Ardleigh, 24, 26 ; 
tenant at Beauchamp, 116; late tenant at 
Drayton, ICO; tenant at Kcnswcrth. 10, 11, 
12; " hycarius" at Kn-keby, 44 ; '' opera- 
rius'" at V\'aiton, 51 : " Licurius" rind late 
" hidarius" at Kirkeby and Horldck, 46 ; 
" clericus," parson at Btauchan-.p, 14 1^ ; "ca- 
nonicus ct prcsbiter," 125; " sellarius," 128 ; 
the son of Abel, juror of Caddington, 1 ; te- 
nant there, 4. 6; tlic son of Ailwin, juror of 
Beauchamp, il4 ; tlie son of Aiiv.r.i " sa- 
ccrdos.'' takes ^Vickham to farm, 122, 124 ; 
the son of Aihvin, tenant at Beauchamp, 
J 15, 117; ti;e sc.'i cf Christiana, " liidarius" 
at Kirkeby ar^d Horiock, 46 ; the son of 
David, " opc-rarius" at Walton, 50; the son 
of Dring,' " hydp.rius" at Kirkeby, 44 ; the 
son of Eadmunc, tenant at Ardjeigh, 24, 27 ; 
the son of Ediva, " hydarius" at Thorp, 41 : 
the son of Eve, tenant at Caddington, 2, 7 ; 
the son of Fulk, juror of Ardieigh, 21 ; te- 
nant there, 23 ; the son of Generamnus, I2f ; 
the son of German, tenant at Ardleigh, 26; 
tlie son of Gilbert, juror of Caddington, 1 ; 
tenant there, 5 ; the sa:^i of God;;u, tenant 
at Beauchamp, 116; the son of Gunnora, 
tenavitat Kirkeby, 45 ; " liidririus"' at Kirkeby 
and Horiock. 4G ; the son of Hereward, " hy- 
darius'' at Kirkeby, 44; the son of Hervey, 
tenant at Thorp, 40 ; the son of Hugh, juror 
of Drayton, 99; the son of Jerome, juror of 
Ardleigh, 21 ; the son of John, tenant at 
Barnes, 104 ; tlie son of Kweneva, tenant 
at Drayton, 1 02 ; the son of Lefwin, tenant at 
Dra}-ton, 100, 101, 102; the son of Lucy, 
" hydarius"' at Kirkeby, 43 ; the son of Philip, 
tenant at Beauchamp, 119; the son of 
Richard, tenant r^t KenEv.orth, 10; the son 
of Sagar, juror of Thorp, 38 ; tenant there, 
39 ; the son of Simon, 68 ; juror of Barling, 
''4 ; the son of Stonhard, tenant at Beau- 



cliamp, 29 : tlie son of Suen. tenant at Luf- 
fcnhale. 20 ; the son of Theobald, tenant at 
Sutton. 93, !<7 ; "operarius" here, 95; the 
son of Theodoiic, tenant at Navcstook, 79, 
hb : the son of Walter, tenant ft Beauchami). 
IK; tenant at Caddington, 2. f,, 7 ; the son 
of Wiburga, tenant at Cadaington, 4; the 
son of Wkurun, tenant at Dcaueham]). 29 ; 
the sc>n of Wlfrun, juior of Beauchamji, 2>~ ; 
the son of AVIu, Wlurrd, 12-^, 125 ; the sou 
of WJuric, tenant at Sandon, J4 ; the son of 
Wlurin, Wlurun, tenant at Beauchamp, 32, 
lio, " operarius" there, 117; the son of 
Vriwin, juror of Beauchamp, 114; the uncle 
of Simon, the son of Ste|)!ien, " hydarius" at 
Kirkeby, 44 

Roche, pasture al Beauchamp so called, 121 

Roda, part of tlie manor of Sandon, 152 

Rode, AVilliam de la. juror of Sandon. 13 

R-odewood wood, al Sandon, 13 

Roesia, tenant at AVickham, 3G ; the relict of 
Reginald, Reginald de Bosco, tenant at 
Beauchamp, 29, 30, 32 

Roger, tenant at Beauchamp, 115; " hyda- 
rius " at Thorp, 4 1;" canonicus," tenant at 
Beauchamp, lis ; " homo ecclesia;," tenant 
at Beauchamp, 118; the son of Ailwin, 
tenant at Ardlcigh. 22 ; tenant at Luffen- 
hale, 20 ; the son of Alured, 128 ; tenant at 
Beauchamp. 29 ; the son of Eadwin, Edwin, 
tenant at Beauchamp, 114, 117; the son of 
Edmund, tenant at Navestock. ?0 ; the son 
of Ernold, tenant at Caddington, 2 ; the son 
of Goldston, tenant at Beauchamp, 29 ; the 
son of Henry, tenant at Sutton, 94 ; the son 
of Maurice, tenant at Beauchamp, 120 ; the 
son of Richard, tenant at Caddington, 5 ; 
the son of Robert, tenant at Ardleigh, 24, 
27 ; the son of V\"ifred, V\ iurtd, tenant at 
LufTcuha'.e, 20 

Ronewell, v. Runwe'.l 

Rosanna, the relict of the brother of Robert 
Sagari, " hydarius '" at Thorp, 41 

Rote, Adam de, the son of Wlvina, tenant at 
Navestock, 64 

Rudene, land at Navestock so called, &1 

Rufj'us, "firmaiius" at Btauclianip, 14S' ; G., 
70 ; .lohn, tenant at Caddington, 3 ; tenant 
at Kensworth, 9 ; Mabilia, the relict of 
Richard, tenant at Beauchamp, 29 ; Richard. 
Ixx.wii, 31, 32, 4 0, 41, 50, 54, 70, 71, 79, 
115, no, 117, 150; takei Beaucijamn to 
farm, 13S ; " firmarius" at Sandon, Btlcliern 
ice, 111; R., 14; "firmarius" at Sandon 
15; Robert, tenant at Beauchamp, 115; late 
tenant there, 3 0;AVi!liam, tenant at Barnes, 105 

Rum.anger, Rumanger de Dunstaple, John, 
tenant at Kensworth, 10, 1! 

Kunwell, Essex (Ronewtll, Ronewelie, Rune- 
well), 125; the manor of, 69, 143, 152, 105*; 
" compotus" of, 154, 155, 156, 15S. 159, 1C4 ; 
the church of, 150; receipts from defaulters 
at, 1G6; Geoffrey de Vallibus, clerk, "firma- 
rius " there, 69; Hugh de, " sennens " of 
Richard the Archdeacon, 49; Stephen de, 
juror of Runwell, 69; tenant there, 70; 
" oyierarius " there, 72 ; William de, tenant at 
Beauchamp, 30, 31, 32 

Ruihehyda, encroachment at Chingford, ci, 144 

Rutur, Walter, tenant at Kensworth, ? 

Sabarnus, late tenant at Chingford, 90 

Sabina, the daughter of Geoffrey, " hidarius " 
at Kirkeby and Horlock, 46; the daughter 
of Godv,-in, " hidarius " at Kirkeby and 
Horlock, 45; the widow, tenant at Kirkeby, 

Saburga, late tenant at Walton, 60 

Sacerdos, the relict of the, tenant at Nave- 
stock, 80 ; John, late tenant at Thorp, 4 ; 
juror of Caddington, 113; Richard, tenant at 
Beauchamp, 116; William grossus, "firma- 
rius'' at Heybridge, 54 

Sadde, Henry, tenant at Navestock, tC 

Saeva, Sa;va, late tenant at Walton. 49 ; the 
daughter of Folinard, tenant at Sandon, 14 ; 
the relict of William, tenant at LufTenhale, 



20; the widow, tenant at Chinrf'-rd, 88, iO: 
"cotarius" at Sandon, iC-" 
Sagari, Robert, " liydsriui" at Thorp, 41 
S&ilda, late " hydarius" £t Thorp," 42 
Saint Gregory, the church of, crsiiv 
Saint Paul, the tvo feasts of, cxxxiLi 
Saint Paui's. London. MSS. ir. tre cathedml 
collection, i — iii ; the chapter or '' com- 
munal " IcLiids of. iv ; description of its 
various lands, xii ; variations in hidagc 
thereon, lii — iv ; the canons residentian- 
of, xliii.iliv; the bakehouse, its modern site, 
xlviii: thefeeof, ^I ; the can o's of, 125 — 129, 
1^2 — 139. 140, 14; : the patrimony of, in the 
church of London, 14€ ; the chu.-ch of, 152 ; 
the canons of, 152 ; chapter of. 153, i5C ; 
Thomas de Coulynf, " custos bracini " of, 
his '-compotus "' for theye£ril2>3, IbS — 172; 
John de Braynford, " custos bracini" of, his 
"compotus" for the year 12^5, 172 — 175 
SakeviUe, FJcbard de, tenant at Saridon, 15 
Saledus, " hydarius " at Thorp, 41 . 42 ; " hida- 
rius " at Kirkeby and Horlock, 4', 4G ; tenant 
at Sutton, S-S 
Salomon, iate tenant at Beaucham;', 30 
Saman, Samann, tenant st HeybrJdge, 58 ; the 
son of "VTli-rin, tenant at Beauchamp, 32; 
late " hidaritis " at Kirkeby and Horlock, 4C 
Sancto Andrea, Kenry de, juror of Beauchamp, 

Sandon. Esses (Sandon, Sandone), 19, 20, 111; 
inquisition of, 13 ; court of. iC ; the manor 
of, 141, 152, \v-r ; "compotus" of, 154 — 
159, ICl ; the church of. 14~, its stock and 
premises described and valtieJ 134, 135 ; 
Richard Rufius, and Fuchard de Sandon, 
"firmarii" there, 111; Her:ry, the son of 
Richard de. tenant there, 15; Richard de. 
" fir.mariu; " at Sandon, 1 1 1 
Sanfeld, land at Sutton so calltrc, :-' 
Sa])ien5. Roger, jurcr of Kensvrcrt:., 7 ; tenant 

there, 12 
Sarp, Richard. " hydarius" at Thor]i, 41 

Saunde, Osbert de, tenant at Navestock, B4 
Savaric, the land of, at Navestock, S4 
Savarus, Robert, "hydarius" at Kirkeby, 44 ; 

William, " hydarius" there, 44 
Sa^^-gel. Sauugele, tenant at \Valton, 4r' ; " hida- 
rius " at Kirkeby and Horlock, 45, 4C; late 
" hidarius" there, 45 ; " burgensls," " ope- 
rarius " at Walton, 50; late tenant there, 
50; " pars'us " "operarius" there, 50 ; the 
son of Estrilda, juror of Kirkeby and Horlock, 
45, 4G; Richard, tenant at Heybridge, 64 
Scalari, Gilibert de, juror of Sutton, 93 ; Peter 

de, tenant at Drayton, ICl 
Scarlata, Scarlet. Ceciiia, tenant at Navestock, 
79; " nativus ■' there. 82 ; Geoffrey, the land 
of, at Navestock, ^-4 ; William. Aiditha and 
four sisters, daughters of, " operarii '' at 
Walton, 50 
Scliiringa, land at Beauchamp so caiied, 1 15 
Scotale; "ad scouJlam pnepositi," explained, 

cvii — cix 
Scotlande, " dominium " de, 151 
Scotlande thesaurarii, described, cxix 
Scotus, Scoticus, John, tenant at Runwell, 70 
Sedefled, late tenant at Walton, 50 
Seisio, explained, cxxii, cxxiii 
Sell, the son of Thomas, tenant at Chingford, 107 
Sellarius, the heir of Robert, tenant at Kens- 
worth, 10 
Sellio, its meaning, isivi 
Semen frumenti, fee. its quantity, Jcc. l.\x 
Sequestra unius tallix-, explained, cxxxi 
Seracrae, and serlond, Lxxvii 
Serlo, tenant at Chingford, 91 ; juror of Cad- 
dington, 113 ; the son of Robert, tenant at 
Ardleigh, 22, 27 
Serreue, Machilda. tenant at Wickham, 30 
Serviens thesaurarii, ]x?:i, 12 
Se tertio, its meaning, i.txii 
Sewgel, late "hidarius" at Kiikeby and Horiock, 

4 5 ; Richard, tenant at Heybridge, 57 
Siere, Roger, Ob ; " operarius '' at Barling, C8 
Sigar, Sigor, Henr), tenant at Wickham, S7 ; 



Roger, tenant there, 3" ; Henry, the so:i o: 
William, tenant nt NVitkham.34 

Sigillo, Nichola? de, Ixxxvi ; " finnarius- ■■' <^t 
Audeley, 1 II 

Simon, tenant at Walton, 49 ; tenant at Cad- 
dington, 5; tenant at Kensworth. f ; " ope- 
rarius" at Tiliingham, G3 ; " clericus," a 
pledge as to farm of Kensworth, 129; tlic 
vicar, tin. lioufc cf, at Sandon, 14 ; the nej'hev. 
of Joliii, " rLajister," tenant at Kensworth, 
8 ; the son of Hcreward, " hidarius " rt 
Kirkeby and Horlock, 4G ; the son of Salo- 
mon, tenant at Runve;;, 71; the son of Simon, 
" operariuE " at Runwell, 72; the sen of 
Stephen, '"hydarius" at Kirkeby. -54 ; jujor 
of Kirkeby and Horlock, 45 ; the son of \Yi!- 
liam, jurorof Wickham, 33 ; tenant there, 3o 

Simplex, Robert, 101; " nrmc-.rius " at Dray- 
ton, 112 

Sipman. Henry, tenant at Walton, 49: "opera- 
rius " there, 50 ; the son of Richard, "opera- 
rius " there. 61 : Sagar, "akermannus '' at 
Walton, 52 

Sire, Roger li, tenant at Naveslock, 84 

Siric, Sirich, late tenant at Navestock, 7S ; the 
son of Edric, tenant at Heybridge, 5G ; Richer, 
tenant at Navestock, 79 

SJo, Thomas de, " hydarius '" at Kirkchy, 44 ; 
Walter de, tenant at Runwell. 71 

Sneting', the prebend of, 38 ; Simon de, tenant 
at Thorp, 40; " hydarius " there, 41 ; (Snu- 
tinge), 3 42, " pro yxvii hidis ct dimid' de " ; 
words probably omitted, civ 

Snok, John, tenant at Heybridge, 54, 57 

Socci, ploughsnares, lixi\- 

Socca frumenti, explained, cxix 

Solanda, scolanda, kc. " cum sex hidis triDm so- 
landarum." exi'lained, Ixxviii, Ixxi.^ ; " una de 
scolanda,"' ex, 145 

Solin, identified v.-ith sulung, j.iv 

Solio, John de. SI 

Sond', Osbert de la, tenant at Navestock, 79 

Sort, Gilibert. tenant at Tilhngham, CV, CI 

Spendluve, Hugh, ttnant at Thorp, 40 

Spina, Simon de, "hidarius" at Kirkeby and 

Horlock, 4C 
Sprot, Roger, juror of Heyhiidgc, 52 ; tenant 

there, 54. 5r, 
Sprotus, Rimer and the daughter of, "operarii "• 

at Tillir.gham, Co 
Stallacio canonicorum, cxxiiii 
Stanbregc, Nicholas de, teriant it Kensworth, 8 
' Stanbrugg', Simon de, a canon of St. Paul's, 

London, 1 07 
I Stanburga, late "iiydarius" at Thorp, 42 
Stanhard, tenant at Beauchamp, 115; " cpera- 

rius " at Beauchamp, 1 17 

Stanstrete, Warin de, tenant at Beauchamp, 1 19 

Stanwinesland, land at Beauchamp so called, 1 14 

; Stapelford, R. de, 22. 23, 25, 27 ; Ricliard de, 

"firmarius" of Wickharn, 33 — 30; builds 

mill and liouses at Luffenhale. 21 

; St'awineslond, land at Beauchamp so called, 28 

Stephen, tenant and also late ten.:r,t at Thorpe, 

; 40; late tenant at Runv;ell, 71 ; the son of 

j Ailmar, tenant at, 35 ; the son of 

j Godfrey, " operarius " a: Runwell, 72, 73; 

I the son of Godric, tenant at Heybridge, 57 ; 

the son of Robert, tenant at Runwell, 71 ; 

i juror of Navestock, 74; a claimant there, 75 ; 

: tenant there, 76; the son of Robert, the son 

j of Richard, tenant at Navestock, 75, 70 ; the 

; son of Thomas, tenant at Runwell, 71, 73; 

the son of Turbcrt, tenant at Tiiorp, 39; 

: tenant at Kirkeby, 44; the son of Wlmar, 

tenant at Navestock, 79 
: Ster, Godwin le, tenant at Navestock, 79 ; 
; Hagenilda, the relict of Geoffrey le, tenant at 
Navestock. 78 ; " nativus "' there. 83 
Steringc, land at Beauchamp so called, 29 
Stigel, Roger de, tenant at Thcrp, 40 
Stipula, Ixxviii, 57 
Stinur, John, tiiC son of William, tenant at 

Ardleigh, 24 
Stock on manors leased, remarks on value, xci 
Stokkerc. Richard, tenant at Ardleigh. 22 



Stonliard, juror of BeEuchamp, 2^. 114; late ; 

tenant there, 32 ; Henry, tenant ;.t Cadding- I 

ton, 3; Osegod, tenant at Kenswortb, 9; , 

■^Viliiam. juror of Heybridgc, 12 ; tenant 1 

there, o4, 50 i 

Storensis, John, tenant at Caddington, C ■■ 

Storteford, Digar c;, 14; Ralph dc, juror of; 

Sandon, 13; Rar.ulf de, tenant tl^crc, IC; ; 

T. de, canon of London, 14 ; 

Stowe, " magister," R. de, resident at Saint! 

Paul's in the year 1283, 167 j 

Straiton, Gilbert de, a car.on of Saint Paul's. 

bread used at installation of. 173 
Stranbrucr, S. de, r-;5;dcnt at Saint Paul's 1:. . 

the year 12^3, 1C7 
Strata, Coleman dc, ;,-:rcr cf Wickham, 33 
Strathforth, Fvichard de, car.on of Saint Paul's. 

Strica, Ixsi, 17 

Stroda, Gerard de, tenant at Walton, 49; 
^V alter de. juror of ^Valton, 45: the son of 
Lieueua, "operarius'* at Walton, b\ 
Sturfeld, 11? 
Su. Reginald de, the son cf Ailwin, tenant at 

Sandon, If 
Suenilda, the relict c' Geofrey, " hydarius" at 

Kirkeby, 44 
Suenus, r. S'^vein 

Suetman, late tenant at Navestock, 7S 
Suir, Gilibert, Gilbert le, tenant at Beauchamp. 

29, 31 
Suit in county and hundred courts, l.xiv, Ixv 
Sumercote, Henn- de, tenant at Wickham, 37 
Sumerlese. land at CLingford so called, 8C 
Summa, summagiurr., their meaning, Ixvii 
Sumrria denariorum, explained, xx, ciii 
Summam unam orcei, Jcc. e:spiained, ex 
Suoniida, late tenant at Drayton, 100 
Suor, Auicia, the relict of Giloert, tenant at 

Beauchamp, 1 19 
Supplementum. explained, csxvij, cxsviii 
Surrey, John de, lenient at Sandon, 14 
Susenna, esp.ained. \\y.\\. Izxvii 

Sutor, Walter, tenant at Sandon, 14 ; William, 

late tenant at Drayton, 100 
Sutton, Middlesex, (Suthtona, Sutthona) 112; 
the manor of, 93. 145, 162, 1C4*; " com- 
potus''of, 154 — 151f, 1C3; the church of, 151; 
Nicholas, Archdeacon of London, " firmarius " 
there, 112; magister Ph' de Haddam, " firma- 
rius " there, 93; John de, " prnLpositus," 
juror of Sutton, 93 
Suttun, tenement of, at Willesdon, 152 
Suttuna, Piobert dc, late tenant at Hcybridge, 53 
Swein, Henry, the son of Richard, tenant at 

Navestock, 85 
S\vein, (Suenus) William, the son of William, 

tenant at Caddington, 7 
S'.veno, tenant at Tillingham, €1 
: Swonild, Robert, tenant at Beauchamp, 121 
\ Synodalia, "quid solvatur pro sinodalibus," . 
I explained, cxv, cxvi 
: T. " quondam firmarius," at Navestock, 78 
; Taillage, " qui possunt talliari,'' &c. explained, 
I cxxv, cxxvi 

' Talliae vacantes, explained, cxxxiv 
\ Taillur, Walter, tenant at Sandon, 14 
' Taraisia, Robert de, tenant at Barnes, 106 
; TannariuE, John, the son of Hugh, tenant at 
Navestock, 7& 
Tannator, Gilbert, tenant at Kensworth, 8 
Telarius, Henn-, tenant at Navestock, 80 
Teit, Wigar, late tenant at Sutton, 93 
Templar, Alicia, the relict of the, tenant at 
Wickham, 37: Lsabella, the sister of the, 
tenant at Wickham. 36 
Teodoric, v. Theodoric 
Terra assisa, its meaning, ciii 
Tetiida, Hugh, " operarius" at Walton, 51 
Textor, Edward, " hidarius " at Kirkeby and 
Horlock, 45 ; Randolph, tenarit at Walton, 
50; " akermannus '' at Walton, 52; the 
daughter of Adam, '• hydarius " at Thorp. 42 ; 
Alicia, the daughter of Ralph, tenant at 
Wickham, 36; Robert, the son of Leufric, 
ter.ant at Beauchamp, 30 ; Sawalus, tenant 



£t Beauchamp, 28; Siv,-ard, tenant at Til- 
linghani, 61 

Textrix, Margaret, tenant at Ardleigli, 2C 

Thedilda. tenant at Walton, 4'? 

Theobaldus, " cotarios" at Sandori, 19 

Thcodcric, Theodore, Ttjedric, Teodoric, 124; 
"firmarius" at Drayton, ICl. 1-35; " f.rma- 
rius" at Sutton, 93, ?4, 95 ; "firmarius" at 
Ti'ilingham, CI, 111; " canonicus," 125; 
"scriytor"' takes Bsrling to farm, 12C; 
(Teod") takes Navestock to farm, 132, 133; 
tenant at Beauchamp, 115; late tenant at 
Beauchamp, 29; late tenant at N'avestcck. bS; 
the son cf A'.ditha, tenant at Drayton, 100 

Tbeodulf, late " hidarius" at Kirkcby aijd Hor- 
iock, 4G 

ThecpLania, explained, c 

Tbomas, " hidarius " at Kirkehy and Horlock, 
46; late tenant at Tiliingliam, C3 ; tenant at 
Walton, 49 ; the brother o! Robert, " opera- 
rius'" at Sandon, IT; the son of Adam, 
juror of Navestock, 74 ; tenant there, 7C, 77: 
79, S5 ; the son of Adgar. tei-ant at Tilling- 
ham, eo ; tlje son of Edgar, "operarius" at 
Tillirjgham, C3 ; the son of Emma, " hyda- 
rj-js" at Tliorp. 42 ; tenant there, 39; the 
son of Eudo, tenant at Walton, 49 ; the son 
of Godric, tenant at Thorp, 39, 40 ; " hida- 
rius"at Kirkeby and Horlock, 45 ; the son 
of Here\\ard, "hidarius" at Kirkeby and 
Horlock, 46; the son of Mainer, 124; the 
son of Ralph, tenant at Kensvcorth, 10, 11 ; 
the son of Reginald, the heirs of. in the cus- 
tody of Gilbert Deboncirc, 10; the son of 
R.ichard, " hydarius " at Kirkeby, 44; the 
j-on of Sigar, tenant at Tillingham, CI, C2 
the son of Stephen, " hydarius"' at Thorp, 4 2 
tenant at Runvell, 70 ; the son of Wateman 
tenant at Barling. 65 

Tborp-, Essex, (Torph, Torp.) 41, 42, 12C; the 
church of, 149; " compotus '' of, K4 ; 
Haiimote of, William de Burnam, " firma- 
rius " at, 3*?; Robert de, "hidarius" at 

Kirkeby and Horlock, 45 ; Thomas de, tenant 
at Thorp, 39 

Threde, Geoffrey, juror of Norton, 73 

Thurkill, late tenant at Sr.ndon, 15 

Tia, land at Navestock so called, 7 9 ; Ralph de, 
tenant at Runvtil. 70; William King, the 
son of Roger de, tenant at Navestock, 84 

Tichenho, wood at Sandon, 13; William de, 
tenant at Sandon, 14 

Tilleberi, Robert de, land of, 120 

■J'illingham, Essex, (Tilingham, Tyllingham.) 
Ill ; the manor of, 55, 142, 152, ICO, 104*; 
tl:e church of. 149; John de Middleton, late 
" f.rmariDs" there, 1*^0*; \Villiam de Mcle- 
ford, '■ firmarius" there, 160; "con'.potus" 
cf, 154 — 159*, ICl; Robert de Car.o, "fir- 
marius" there, 58; William and Thcodoric. 
" firmarii " there, 1 1 1 

Toddesho, Gilibert de, tenant at Beauchamp, 29 

Tokinton, Godfrey de, tenant at Ardleigh, 26 

Torpeia, " crreum " of, at Adulfsnasa, described, 

Totham, Maurice de, late tenant at HeybridgCj 
53 ; Tijomas de, tenant at Heybridge, 54 

Totum bladum manerii, its meaning, scii 

Tovi, late tenant at Chingford, 90 

Tovus, late tenant at Walton, 50 

Traigor, Walter, "firmarius ecclesiee " at Barl- 
ing. C5 

Travers', Trauers, Wjliiam, juror of Beau- 
champ, 114; tenant there, 115, 117; late 
tenant there, 31 ; Walter, tenant at Beau- 
champ, 32 

Treasurer, the, resident at Saint Paul's in the 
year 1283, 1C7 

Tres Bcr<E inveniri non possunt, Ixxi, 11 

Tripes cum mamn.ola. its meaning, xci 

Trippe, Gilbert, tenant at Beauchamp, 31 

Tropinei, Alditha. tenant at Ardleigh, 26; 
GeotiYey, tenant at Ardleigh, 23 ; Willium, 
tenant at Ardleigh, 24 

Tubbing, Walter, tenant at V^'alton, 49; "cpe- 
rarius" there. 50 



Tuilford, the church of, 152 ; the chajiel of, 152 j 
Turbert, the son of Godric, tenant at Thorp, ! 
39,41 I 

Turc, Edwin. pledge as to farm of Kensworth. 129 I 
Turgis, late tenant at Run'tvell, 70; late tenant j 
at Sandon, 15 , 

Turnator,'^Vii.liam, the son of Robert, tenant at ' 
Beauchamp, 32 j 

Tiimur, Henr}-, Henn- le, tenant at Navestock, 
80, S4 : Richard, Richard Ic, tenant tliere, 
SO ; tenant at Hcybridge, 58 
Turn, Robert dc, takes Navestock to farm, 

132, 133 
Turstan, juror of Ardleigh, 21 ; " operarius" at 
^V^lton. 50; late teriant at Sutton, 98; late 
tenant at ^Vickham. 35 ; Laurence, tenant 
ai Kensworth, 1 1 ; tlie son of Ailmar. " hy- 
darlus" at Kirkeby, 44; the son of Semer. 
tenant at Ardkigh, 24 
T\^-iford. Middlesex, (Tuiferde.Twyforde), 127; 
"compotus'" of, 1G4; the prebend of, its 
value, kc, xciv, xcv 
Twiverd', Ralph de, tenant at Sutton, 93 
Ulstan or^Vulroan, Dean of St. Paul's, account 
of finr.£ in iiis time, cxx ; v. \Vlmannus and 
Unchere, Augustine, tenant at Kensworth, 13 
UpieCjland so called in the parish of Willesden, 

Valetuna, 12C 

Valllbus, Fulco de, tenant at Beauchamp, 30; 
Geoffrey de, 70, 71 ; clerk, " firmarius " of 
Runwell, 69 
Valonis. Robert de, his encroachment at Ching- 

ford, cs, 144 
Venator, Gerardus, " hidarius '" at Kirkeby and 

Horiock, 46 
Venella, Osbert dc, tenant at Kensv,-orth, 1 1 
Vestura, explained, cxsiii 
Viccr. The. tenant at Tillingham, Gl 
V)cecomiti reddebat xx. sohdos, exj.iained, cii; 

" iiij.'" SOI., ciii, 141 
Viciiabit circa curiam. Ixxiii 

Vikerc, Jordan, tenant at Navestock, 79 ; the 
son of Ailward, tenant there, S4 

Viliers. Helias de, "hidarius" at Kirkeby and 
Horiock, 4G 

Vinur, Roger le, tenar.t at Beauchamp, 120 

Virgata quae non averat, 3 ; why so called, Ixvi 

Visitations, others besides that of Diceto refer- 
red to, viii 

Vistes et reward' forestir-, meaviing of tiie 
phrase, Ixxxv 

Vivarium, explained, cxxi 

\V. "firmarius" at Kirkeby, 44; at Walton, 
49, 50 ; at Barling, f.b 

Wainagium, described, Ixv 

Wainemere, Weinemere, Henry de, tenant at 
Caddington, 5 ; William de, juror of Kens- 
worth, 7; tenant there, 10, 11, 12 

WalbertuE, received as brother by the canons of 
Saint Paul's, and takes Barnes to farm, 127 

Waletun, Alicia, the reiict of William de. tenant 
at Beaucham]}, 32 

Walkeiin, his holding at Caddington, escheated 
on account of theft, 4; "firmarius" at 
Wickham, 34, 35; John, tenant at Ching- 
ford, 90 ; the son of Henry, tenant at Kens- 
worth. 8 
Walkern, William, the son of Warin de, tenant 

at Luffenhale, 20 
Walter, "firmarius" at Chingford, 88, 89; 
" akermannus" at Walton. 52 ; " operarius" 
there, 50, 51 ; tenant at Kensworth, 10, 11; 
"hydarius"' at Thorp, 41; "operarius"' at 
Sandon, 18; late tenant at Wickham, 35; 
late " hidarius " at Kirkeby arid Horiock, 45 ; 
the brother of the archdeacon, 125; the 
'■ nepos ■' of ^^ Imar", tenant at Navestock, 
S4 ; the son of Aelbern, tenant at Kens- 
v%orth, 10; the son of Ailwin, juror of San- 
don, 13; tenant there, 14; tlie son of Ail- 
ward, "' nativus" at Navestock, 83 ; the son 
of the bishop, i 24 ; the son of David, " ope- 
rarius" at Walton, 50; the son of Eustace, 
tenant at Sandon, IP; the son of Geoffrey, 



tenant at Runwell. 70, 71 ; the son of Gerard; 
tenant at Caddin^on, 2 ; the son of Henn-, 
tenant at Navestock, 77 — fO; the son of 
Hugh, tenant at Barnes, IOC; the son of 
Osbert, tenant at Caddineton, 2 ; the son of 
Peter, juror of NaveftocV, 74 : tenant there, 
76, 78. 85; the son of Kalph, tenant at 
Wickham, 35, 37 ; the son of Rohert, " cota- 
rius" at Sandon, 19; the son of Sewgel, 
tenant at Walton, 49 ; the son of Theodoric, 
tenant at Navestock, 76, 85; the son of 
Walter, tenant at Caddington, 2 ; tenant at 
Kensworth, 11 ; the sen of William, tenant 
at Tillingham, 60 

Waltham (Watham), the hundred of, 85, 144 ; 
the abbot of 86 ; Richard, abbot of, 86 

W'alton (Waleton', Waletun', Waletuna, Wa- 
lentonia), 48; the court of, 48; the grove 
of, 48 ; the church of, 148 ; " compotus " of, 
164 ; "orreum " of, at Adujfsnasa, described, 
130; "curia" of, 131 

AVambelokes, explained, ksvi 

Wapping atte Wose. molendinum de, " compo- 
tus " of, 164 

Wara, . Richarde de, tenant at Sandon, 15; 
Richard, son of Osbert de, tenant there, 15 

Wardacras de frunriento et avena, explained, Ixxxi 

Wardpeny, explained, lxx%iii ; the service of, 
Ixxii — Ixxxi, cui, civ 

>Vare, Stephen de, tenant at Sandon. 14 

Warectum, described, Ixxiii 

Warin, juror of Norton, 73 ; tenant at Cadding- 
ton, 5 ; tenant at Tillingham, 60, 61 ; the 
son of Ailniar, tenant at Norton, 74 ; the son 
of Azo, tenant at Caddington, 6 

W^astell, explained, cxxx 

Watdon, Ralph de, tenant at Caddington, 4 

Wateman, the son of Simon, 68 ; "operarius" 
at Barling, 67 

Watham, v. Waltham 

Wattele, land at Navestock so called, 79 

Wdecroft, parva. land at Navestock so calied, 

' Weeley, maneriolum de Wigeleia, described, ex, 
I cxi ; r. Wigelai 

W"eights and measures, "per mensuram regis/' 
■ &c. explained, cxxviii ; " ad mensuram villcE," 
Weinemere, r. Wainemere 
Wem, William, late Tenant at Barling, 66 
; Westlee, " compotus'' of, 164 
I Westm', Robert de, tenant at Barnes, 106 

Westande. Wilb'run de, tenant at Beauchamp, 
j 120 

I Westende, Robert de, tenant at Beaucliamp, 29 
I Westhus, 80 

! Westwde, wood at Navestock so called, 75 
I Wgelate, Richard de la, juror of Barling, 64 
I Wiard, Robert, late tenant at Runwell, 71 
i Wibern, the son of Walter, " hidarius" at 
{ Kirkeby and Horiock, 4 6 
Wickham, Essex, (W^icham,'\Vycham,Wykham), 
111; the manor of 33, 122, 141, 152, 164*; 
"compotus" of, 154, 155, 156, 158, 159, 
161; the church of, 148; Robert de Fule- 
ham, " firmarius" there, 111; Richard de 
Stapelford, '' firmarius " there, 33 — 36 ; 
the " firma" of, s>,ben payable, xci ; Rich- 
ard the Archdeacon, (of London,) his lease 
of, " Adquietavit ipse Ricardus," xcii ; 
Hugh de, 124; John de, tenant at Beau- 
champ, 32 
Widstert.Wluric, " operarius'" at Tillingham, 63 
Wiga, land at Beauchamp so called, 1 IG 
Wigelai, "maneriolum" de, 146; r. Weeley 
Wiger, John, juror of Navestock, 74 ; tenant 

there, 78 
Wigod, tenant at Sutton, 96 
Wigor, late "hydarius" at Kirkeby, 44 
Wigornia, Roger de, "firmarius" at Drayton, 

99, 100 
Willesdon, the church of, 152 
William the Archdeacon, (of London,) 125, 126; 
the Dean, (of London,)! 12, 113, 127, 12>, 140 
— 145 
William, "firmarius" at Chingford, 92: " the- 

2 E 



saurariuE finnarius " at Kensworth, 10; i 
essarts assised in liis time, 12; Pv.. his scr- \ 
vant, 12; " firmarius" at Tillingham, 111; . 
"firmarius>" at Wickhani, 35,30; tenant at 
Kensvvorth, 11 ; " hidarius"" at Kirkeby and ■• 
Horlock, 45, 46 ; late " cotarius"" at Ardleigh, j 
27 ; the goldsmith, his " sobriquet," and I 
bargain with the Chapter for Chingford, c, j 
135 : (William " forestarius,") claims land at j 
Sutton, 95 ; junior, 68 ; the brother of \ 
Robert the son of Ediva, " hydarius"' at j 
Then), 41 ;, the brother of Walter, 12S ; , 
" nepos'" of William Clericus, tenant at Bar- ; 
ling, 65 ; the son of Absolon, tenant at i 
Beauchamp, 29, 31 ; the son of Acerius, te- j 
nant at Caddington, 3; the son of Adam, i 
tenant at Kensworth, 12; the son of Age- I 
mund, late tenant at Caddington, 7 ; the son 
of Agnes, tenant at Luftenhale, 20 ; the son I 
of Aihvin " sacerdos," 124 ; the son of i 
Albert, " operarius" at Runwell, 73 ; the ! 
son of Alured, tenant at Dranon, 102 ; the : 
son of Anketil, juror of Barling. 64 ; tenant '. 
there, 65. 66; the son of Asketill, "junior." 
tenant at Barling. 67 ; the son of Baldwin, 
tenant at Ardleigh, 24 ; " cotarius" there, ; 
27 ; the son of Bernard, tenant at Runweli, ■ 
71 ; the son of Brichtmar', tenant at Ching- [ 
fold, &7 ; the son of the Clericus, tenant at ; 
Drayton, 102 ; the son of Dolfin, tenant at I 
Navestock, 77, 76; the son of Geoffrey, juror 
of Kirkeby and Horlock, 45 ; the son of ] 
Geotfrey, tenant at Kavestock, S4 ; the son , 
of Godiva, tenant at Thorp, 3S ; the son of i 
Godwin, tenant at Ardleigh, 22, 25 ; the son j 
of Hereward, tenant at Thorp, 39 ; the son i 
of Hugh, tenant at Kens worth, 10 ; the son | 
of Hunfrey. '' operarius* " at Tillingham, 63; | 
the son of John, tenant at Wickham, 37 ; the ' 
son of Lambert, tenant at Beauchamp, 32, ; 
120 ; the son of Lieveva, tenant at Luffen- ■ 
hale, 20 ; the son of M&tthew, tenant at 
Kensworth. 10; the son of Orrigfir, tenant 

at Caddington, 1, 6, 7 ; the son of Osbcrt, 
the son of Godwin, "operarius" at Sandon, 
17; the son of Peter, tenant at Wickham, 
37 ; the son of Ralph, the son of Edward, 
tenant at Tillingham, 62 ; the son of Richard, 
tenant at Beauchamp. 29, 32 ; the son of 
Richard, the daughters of, tenants at Sandon, 
15 ; the son of Robert, tenant at Beauchamp, 
29, 31 ; the son of Roger, tenant at Luffen- 
hak, 20 ; the son of Sigar, late tenant at 
Luffenhale, 20 ; the son of Theodoric, tenant 
at Drayton, 101; the son of Turstan, tenant 
at Sutton, 94 ; "operarius'' there, 98; the 
son of William, tenant at Caddington. 3. 6 ; 
tenant at Ardleigh, 24 ; the son of Wimarch, 
" hadarius" at Kirkeby and Horlock, 46 ; the 
son of Wluric, tenant at Sandon, 16 

Wimarc, Wimarch, Wymark, tenant at Ard- 
leigh, 25 ; the daughter of Robert, tenant at 
Barnes, 106 ; the widow, tenant at Beau- 
champ, 114; "operarius" at Runwell, 73 ; 
tenant at Navestock. >-4 

Wimendun', 151; the men of, 145 

Wimmer, the son of Peter, tenant at Ardleigh, 25 

Winchester, the bishop of, 151 

Wind, Hugh, tenant at Beauchamp, 31, 116; 
le Haspeheg, tenant there, 115 

Wmemer, late tenant at Ardleigh, 22, 26 

Wint, Winton, Wintonia, Richard de, 125 ; 
Robert de, tenant at Caddington. 5 

W If ram, 128 

Wlgar, Wlgor, late tenant at Tillingham, 61 ; 
late tenant at Wickham, 35 ; " nepos quon- 
dam," " operarius " at Barling, 68 ; Robert, 
" hydarius " at Thorp, 42 

Wliroard, the nephew of, tenant at Ardleigh. 23 

Wlvius, late tenant at Barnes, 106 

Wlmannus, Wulman, the Dean (of St. Paul's), 
lie, 152; r. Ulstan 

Wlmar, the relict of John, "operarius" at 
Walton, 50 

Wlmeresland, Vvlm'eslond, land at Beauchamp 
so called, 29, 30, 11 '"■ 


AVljod, the ?on cf ivdwin, juror of Sutton, 93 ; 

tenant there. 9G 
Vv'lpet, terra dc, at Ardleigh, 22 
Wi-oeuelor.d, Vi'luiuel&r.d, land at Beauchamp 

so called, 30, 114, lin, IIG 
Wi'jiet, the daughter of, tenant at Drayton, 102 
Wiuinedoii, demesne at Beauchamp so called, 28 
Wluinus, 12-1 

Vt"luiua, late tenant at Caddington, 5 
AVJuric, late tenant at Sutton, 97 ; late tenant 

at Tillingham, 00 ; the daughter of, " opera- 

rius" at Sandon, 17; two daughters of, 

tenants at Tilliagham, CO, Gl 
Wluvard, Wlward, late " hydarius '" at Kirkehy, 

-;?; late tenant at Runwell, 70; late tenant 

at Tillingham, .'9 
Wlvina, Adam de Rote, the son of, tenant at 

Navestock, 84 
Wlwrineman, tenant at Beauchamp, 116 
"\^"ogelate (Wogilate), Richard de la, de. tenant 

at Barlinc, 66, 67, 68 


Woodegatc, Aluric de la, juror of Thorp, 38 

Woodsilver, described, Ixix 

Wose, rr.olcndinurn de AVnpping atte, " com- 

potus " of, 164 
Wol, Richard, tenant at Tillingiiam, CO 
Wotgar, late tenant at Heybridge, 56 
Wrench. Hereman, tenant at Thorp, 30, 40 ; 

" hydarius" there, 41 
Writele. Agnes, tenant at Ardleigh, 26 
Wroting, Wrotingi, Hugh de, tenant at Nave- 
stock. 79 ; Roger de, tenant there, 81, received as brother by the Canons of 

Saint Paul's, and takes Barnes to farm, 127 
Wuimai;, V. Ulstan and ^Vlmannus 
Wychaic, Wykham, kc. v. NVickham 
Vv'ylcby, John dc, a Canon of Saint Paul's, bread 

used at installation of, 173 
Wymark, «•. Wimarc 

Yinge, Richard, tenant at Kensworth, 8, 10 
Ysaac, tenant at Drayton, 102; the son of 
Walter, tenant at Drayton, 101 

Jol,n Bow-ver Nichols and Pon^. Parli.'.mc-r.; Street, We?rmin«ter. 

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